US2464064A - Universal reproducer head mounting - Google Patents

Universal reproducer head mounting Download PDF

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Publication number
US2464064A
US2464064A US528817A US52881744A US2464064A US 2464064 A US2464064 A US 2464064A US 528817 A US528817 A US 528817A US 52881744 A US52881744 A US 52881744A US 2464064 A US2464064 A US 2464064A
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Prior art keywords
head
pickup
record
arm
recording
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Expired - Lifetime
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US528817A
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Thompson Lincoln
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SoundScriber Corp
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SoundScriber Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B3/00Recording by mechanical cutting, deforming or pressing, e.g. of grooves or pits; Reproducing by mechanical sensing; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B3/02Arrangements of heads
    • G11B3/08Raising, lowering, traversing otherwise than for transducing, arresting, or holding-up heads against record carriers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B3/00Recording by mechanical cutting, deforming or pressing, e.g. of grooves or pits; Reproducing by mechanical sensing; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B3/02Arrangements of heads
    • G11B3/10Arranging, supporting, or driving of heads or of transducers relatively to record carriers
    • G11B3/34Driving or guiding during transducing operation

Description

March 8, 1949.
Y L. THOMPSON UNIVERSAL REPRODUCER HEAD MOUNTING V 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 31, 1944 INVENTOR Lmcoln mom 0:00
ATTORNEY III, I In I. 'lp'IIIIII/IIIII/ II mmmm n im March 8, 1949.
L. THOMPSON UNIVERSAL REPRODUCER HEAD MOUNTING v 2 Shee ts-Shept 2 Filed March 31, 1944 INVEN TOR.
K P w m M T 1... Z
Patented Mar. 8, 1949 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE UNIVERSAL REPRQDUCER HEAD MOUNTING Lincoln Thompson, Cheshire, (301111., assignor to The Soundscriber Corporation,
New Haven,
1 Claim. ll
This invention relates to phonographic dictating machines, and more particularly to a reproducer head mounting in which said head is piv oted on horizontal and vertical axes passing through the center of gravity on two pairs of yieldable bearings which permit slight horizontal and vertical movements of the reproducer head during reproduction.
One object is to provide a dictating machine of the above nature which will be simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture, to install and manipulate, ornamental in appearance. and very efficient and durable in use.
With these and other objects in view there been illustrated upon the accompanying drawings two forms in which the invention may conveniently be embodied in practice.
In the drawings,
Fig. 1 represents a top view of a recording and reproducing phonograph embodying the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the same. taken along the broken line 22 of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view similar to 2. taken along the line 33 of Fig. 1, looking in direction of the arrows.
Fig. 4 is an end view of the pickup arm showing how the pickup head is mounted therein.
Fig. 5 is a side view of the same showing record and turntable located beneath the pickup head.
Fig. '6 is an end cross sectional view of a fied form of mounting for a pickup head.
The present application is a continuation in part of my prior application Serial No. filed May '28. 1943, entitled Pickup feed mechanisrn for .phonographs, patented August 29. 1944. No. 2,357,033.
This invention is an improvement over in vention disclosedin my prior.Patent No. 231653 entitled Phonograph record scanning devices. of April 13, 1943.
The invention is particularly adapted for oneration in connection with a dictating vmachi .e of the type disclosed in my Reissue Patent No.22. of September 22, 1942, entitled Apparatus for recording sound on thin disks; in my Patent No. 2,133,596 of October 18, 1938, entitled Feed mechanism for disk recording machines; in my Patent No. 2,213,936 of September '3, 1940, entitled Electrodynamic pickup, and in mysPaten't No. 2,250,242 of July 22, 1941, entitled Disk dictating machines.
In the reproduction of disk sound records having closely-spaced relatively shallow embossed grooves, there is sometimes a tendency for the pickup needle to leave its proper groove due to lateral displacing forces caused by the friction of the record, sudden shocks, or the tipping of the record out of its true horizontal position, thus causing skips or repeats during the transcription. A discontinuous groove due to an interruption in the recording may also cause the pickup needle to skip or repeat.
By means of the present invention the above and other disadvantages have been avoided and mechanism has been provided which will positively maintain the pickup stylus within the recorded groove.
In a dictating machine of this type a diamondtipped stylus is generally employed in the recording head and generates a spiral sound groove in the record disk as the latter revolves with the turntable. The sound is recorded by means of the lateral vibrations of the stylus which produce lateral undulations in the groove.
In playing back or transcribing the record. a sapphire-tipped reproducing stylus is generally employed. This stylus is adapted to .fit in the groove which vibrates the stylus laterally as the disk record rotates, causing corresponding oscillating voltages to be induced in the moving coil of the pickup head.
In the present invention the feed mechanism for the pickup arm comprises a pulley on the pickup arm shaft which is driven by a crossed cable from a pulley on the recorder arm shaft, said cable having a spring take-up to maintain conlstant friction on the shaft pulleys. friction is determined by the smoothness of the pulley surfaces and by their diameters, as well as by the tension on the spring. The friction should be so adjusted as to permit relatively easy movement of the reproducing pickup to facilitate handling, and to produce tight enough control so that accidental shocks will not more the picinip arm from the normal position as held there by the friction. The feed on the reproducing stylus should follow exactly the feed produced on the record by the recording stylus; therefore, the pul eys must be of the same dial." eter, and the radius of rotation of the reproducing stylus must be equal to the radius of rotation of the recording stylus when the record was made. Furthermore, the two arms must be symmetrically placed so that when swung past the center of the record, their styli must be equal amounts 5 ahead .or behind the center, or pass exactly through the center, whichever position is the most desirable one.
As herein illustrated, the well known principle of bending the end portions of the recording and reproducing arms is employed so as to provide for a substantially tangential contact between the styli and the record grooves in the usable portion thereof. This has the obvious advantage of giving better sound recording and reproduction. It also serves to eliminate the efiect of any lateral forces, due to frictional contact, which would tend to move the stylus out of its groove.
Referring now to the drawings in which like reference numerals denote corresponding parts throughout the several views, the numeral iii indicates the base of a dictating machine, which is provided with a horizontal turntable l l, mounted to rotate above said base, and which is adapted to be driven by means of a vertical spindle it, which in turn is driven by a suitable motor, not shown.
Mounted upon the turntable for rotation therewith is a thin disk record tablet 23, preferably made in accordance with the specifications of the above-mentioned Reissue Patent No. 22,183.
Sound grooves are adapted to be engraved or embossed in the record tablet l3 by means of an electrically-actuated recording head 3d, carrying a recording stylus, not shown, and adapted to be swung in an arc over the turntable H, by means of an angular recording arm M, frictionaily secured upon a vertical feed shaft it, which said arm M loosely surrounds. Below the base It, the shaft is has rigidly secured thereto a worm gear ll which meshes with a worm is driven by a motor or other source of power not shown.
The worm gear I? and the worm iii are adapted to be enclosed by a protective casing is secured to the underside of the base EU, and said casing is provided at its center with a seat 59a for a bearing disk 29 which is adapted to engage a hub ilb of said worm gear ll. Below the bearing disk 2! provision is made of a Washer 2! which is pressed against said disk by a coiled spring 22, the lower end of which is seated upon a second washer 23, which in turn is supported by adjustable nut 24 located upon the lower end of the shaft l6.
Provision is also made of a power head Zea, connected by a pin lea to the shaft 56 and having a slip-friction engagement With the undersurface of a rear hub Mb of the recording arm Ad.
By means of this construction it will be seen that by varying the pressure of the spring 22, and adjusting the nut 24, the amount of friction between the bearing disk 20 and the hub l'ib may be controlled.
It will be understood that by driving the recording arm through the slip-frict on power head 24a. backlash will be entirely avoided.
The sound vibrations recorded in the embossed spiral grooves of the record 53 are adapted to be reproduced or transcribed by means of a sapphire-tipped stylus carried by the reproducing or pickup head 3| mounted upon the pickup arm I5.
In order to transmit power from the recording arm shaft to to the pickup arm I 5 for swin ing the pickup arm l5 at a constant speed across the record and in the opposite direction from the motion of the recording arm I l, provision is made of a pair of hollow metal pulleys 25 and 35 mounted upon the upper ends of the shafts l6 and 32 respectively, said pulleys being yieldably 4 connected together by means of a metal cable 31, preferably made of Phosphor bronze, and known in the trade as radio dial cable, as will be hereinafter fully described.
The pulley 25 is provided with a central upstanding collar Zii, upon which a nut 21 is seated, said nut being screwed upon the upper end of the feed shaft l6. Below the pulley 25, provision is made of a spring 28 which presses down- Wardly upon the rear end of the recording arm i i and upwardly upon a washer 29, which in turn engages the under surface of said pulley 25.
The shaft 32 of the reproducing arm I5 is relatively short and is mounted to rotate between a pair of cone-bearings 33, 36 which are carried by a U-shaped bracket 53 attached by a headed screw 34 to the base m of the dictating machine.
The pulley is provided with a cutaway sector, on one side of which is an inwardly extending vertical flange 39 to which one end 38 of the cable Bl is secured, said pulley 35 being secured to the pickup arm H5 in any suitable manner, as by a pair of screws 35, 36a, adjustably located in a pair of arcuate slots 36b, 35c in a horizontal inturned lip Q2 of said pulley 35.
The cable d'i makes two turns around the pulley 25, as clearly shown in Fig. 2, to provide a non-slipping connection therewith, and the free end as of said cable is secured to an adjustable coiled take-up spring 4 I, which in turn is secured to the screw 36a on the pulley 35.
The recording head 39 is embraced by a raised yoke plate to integral with the recording arm M, and is mounted, preferably at its center of 5 gravity, upon a pair of horizontal pivot screws 46 40 rear of the recording head 3!] by means of a light coil tension spring Mia secured to a bracket member 53 passing through an aperture 55 in the yoke plate 45. The recording stylus will thus be pressed with a constant force upon the record. mounting of the recording head is similar to that d sclosed in my prior application. Serial No. 4.63,?9L filed October 29. 1942, entitled Stylus head mountings for dictating machines, patented July 25, 1944, No. 2.354.558.
The pickup head 35 is embraced by a ra sed yoke plate 49, similar to the yoke plate 45, and said head 3! is mounted, preferably at its vertical center of gravity on a pair of vertical cone p vots 51, 58 in a small ring-shaped carria e 50 wh ch is voted on a pair of horizontal po nted pins 5|, 52, the axis of which is at ri ht angles to the lon i udinal ax s of the pickup arm US. sa d. p ns being mounted in a pair of legs 59, .60 de nd ng from the yoke plate 49. By me ns of this mount ng on both ve tica a d horizontal p vo s. the. p ckup head wi l be p m t o move about 1%." in each direct on. Th p cku h ad it! is pres ed a a n t the record wi h a constant pressure bv means of a lift ng co led pr n member M pass n through an a erture 55. sa d spring membe bein secured at its lower end to a pin on the picku head 3! and at its upper end to a b a ket 53a mounted on the rear of the yoke plate 4 9.
It is well known that in all d sk records. there is a certain amount of eccentricity, and this is particularly the case with thin plastic records. The action of heat alone will often render a record oval-shaped by the amount of several grooves; therefore, the reproducing stylus when connected to a feed mechanism must have a certain amount of play in order to take care of the eccentricity. The tension coil spring 54 located at the back of the pickup head serves the combined function of forcing the pickup needle against the record and yieldably maintaining the pickup head in its normal centralized position.
It will be understood that the recorder feed shaft l5 and its pulley 25 are driven constantly, so that the pickup feed cable 31 will also be in constant motion, even though the recording arm will normally be locked against movement while the record is being reproduced by the pickup.
In the modified form of the invention shown in Fig. 6, the numeral 62 indicates a pickup head which is provided with a vertical cone bearing pin 63 at its bottom which is pivoted in a tubular carriage 64 similar to the carriage 50 of the first form of the invention.
At the top of the head 62, provision is made of a short hinge pin 65, which consists preferably of a hardened drill rod, and has a drive fit at its lower end in a cylindrical recess in a socket 66, which in turn has a force fit in the top of the pickup head 62. The hinge pin 65 forms a seat at its upper end for a ball 67 which en ages a coiled spring 68, the latter serving to maintain said ball 61 in resilient contact with the pin 65 at all times.
The upper end of the coiled spring 58 rests upon a screw plug 59, which is screwed into a tapped recess in a ball retainer sleeve H mounted in the top of the tubular carriage 64. The sleeve H is adapted to be screwed into a tapped aperture 12 formed on the top of the carriage 64 and is adjustable vertically in said aperture by means of a kerf 13 formed in the top of the screw plug 69.
A lock nut 14 is mounted on the top of the sleeve H and is adapted to engage the top of the carriage 64 for holding the sleeve rigidly in adjusted position.
The tubular carriage 64 is adapted to bemounted on a pair of pivots located in the horizontal center of gravity of the pickup head 62, one of said pivots comprising an adjustable cone pin 15 screwed into a tapped aperture 16 in the left hand arm 11 of the yoke plate 16a, as clearly shown in Fig. 6. The horizontal pin 15 is adapted to be held in adjusted position by a lock nut 18 engaging the outside of the yoke arm 11.
On the right hand side of the yoke plate 16a, provision is made of a resilient ball and pin bearing similar to the ball and pin bearing at the top of the tubular carriage 64, and comprising a horizontal hinge pin 19 which is mounted with a drive fit in a socket 80 upon the right hand side of the tubular carriage 64, and being similar in all respects to the socket 56.
The pin 19 is adapted to rest against a ball 8|. which is pressed by a coiled spring 82, the latter being held in adjusted position by means of a screw plug 33 having a kerf 84. The screw plug 93 is mounted in a tapped aperture in a ball retaining sleeve which in turn is screwed into a tapped aperture in the leg 85 of the yoke 16a. A lock nut 81 serves to hold the sleeve 85 in adjusted position.
One advantage of the present invention is that the dictating machine is completely stabilized as far as its resistance to shock is concerned, and that in conjunction with the mounting of the stylus heads at their centers of gravity it is actually possible to reproduce when tilted at various angles and even when the machine is upside down.
While there have been disclosed in this specification two forms in which the invention may be embodied, it is to be understood that these forms are shown for the purpose of illustration only and that the invention is not to be limited to the specific disclosures but may be modified and embodied in various other forms without departing from its spirit. In short, the invention includes all the modifications and embodiments coming within the scope of the following claim.
Having thus fully described the invention, what is claimed as new, and for which it is desired to secure Letters Patents is:
In a sound reproducing machine for use with a rotatable disk record, a pickup arm mounted to swing over said record, a pickup head, means comprising pivots disposed respectively on hori zontal and vertical axes passing through the center of gravity of said head for swingably supporting said pickup head on said pickup arm, said head having a stylus offset from said center of gravity, and a resilient element connected between said head and said arm for urging said stylus downwardly, whereby the bearing pressure of the stylus upon a record will be determined entirely by said element.
LINCOLN THOMPSON.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS
US528817A 1944-03-31 1944-03-31 Universal reproducer head mounting Expired - Lifetime US2464064A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2532377A (en) * 1948-08-04 1950-12-05 Philco Corp Phonograph pickup apparatus having a removable cartridge
US2543655A (en) * 1947-03-11 1951-02-27 Soundscriber Corp Recording pickup having torsion rods
US2637557A (en) * 1948-02-21 1953-05-05 Soundscriber Corp Optical log system
US2766990A (en) * 1950-03-22 1956-10-16 Soundscriber Corp Optical indicating apparatus for dictating machines
DE1119536B (en) * 1957-08-29 1961-12-14 Electroacustic Gmbh Tonearm for turntables
US3096983A (en) * 1950-04-26 1963-07-09 Soundscriber Corp Indicating and place-finding apparatus for phonographic machines
US3281154A (en) * 1964-03-31 1966-10-25 Zenith Radio Corp Phonographs
US4721274A (en) * 1985-08-21 1988-01-26 Erb Robert C Gimbal assembly

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US948327A (en) * 1909-03-26 1910-02-08 Sonora Phonograph Co Phonograph.
US1100755A (en) * 1912-11-04 1914-06-23 American Graphophone Co Dictaphone.
US1607004A (en) * 1923-05-03 1926-11-16 Kramer Erwin Sound recording and reproducing apparatus
US2296798A (en) * 1940-04-19 1942-09-22 Reid George Hancock Spindle bearing

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US948327A (en) * 1909-03-26 1910-02-08 Sonora Phonograph Co Phonograph.
US1100755A (en) * 1912-11-04 1914-06-23 American Graphophone Co Dictaphone.
US1607004A (en) * 1923-05-03 1926-11-16 Kramer Erwin Sound recording and reproducing apparatus
US2296798A (en) * 1940-04-19 1942-09-22 Reid George Hancock Spindle bearing

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2543655A (en) * 1947-03-11 1951-02-27 Soundscriber Corp Recording pickup having torsion rods
US2637557A (en) * 1948-02-21 1953-05-05 Soundscriber Corp Optical log system
US2532377A (en) * 1948-08-04 1950-12-05 Philco Corp Phonograph pickup apparatus having a removable cartridge
US2766990A (en) * 1950-03-22 1956-10-16 Soundscriber Corp Optical indicating apparatus for dictating machines
US3096983A (en) * 1950-04-26 1963-07-09 Soundscriber Corp Indicating and place-finding apparatus for phonographic machines
DE1119536B (en) * 1957-08-29 1961-12-14 Electroacustic Gmbh Tonearm for turntables
US3281154A (en) * 1964-03-31 1966-10-25 Zenith Radio Corp Phonographs
US4721274A (en) * 1985-08-21 1988-01-26 Erb Robert C Gimbal assembly

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