US2138477A - Muffler - Google Patents

Muffler Download PDF

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Publication number
US2138477A
US2138477A US16908637A US2138477A US 2138477 A US2138477 A US 2138477A US 16908637 A US16908637 A US 16908637A US 2138477 A US2138477 A US 2138477A
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Prior art keywords
shell
partition
expansion chamber
tube
conduits
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Ludlow Edmund
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Noblitt Sparks Ind Inc
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N1/00Silencing apparatus characterised by method of silencing
    • F01N1/02Silencing apparatus characterised by method of silencing by using resonance
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2490/00Structure, disposition or shape of gas-chambers
    • F01N2490/15Plurality of resonance or dead chambers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2490/00Structure, disposition or shape of gas-chambers
    • F01N2490/15Plurality of resonance or dead chambers
    • F01N2490/155Plurality of resonance or dead chambers being disposed one after the other in flow direction

Description

E. LUDLOW Nov. 29, 1938.

MUFFLER Filed Oct. 15, 1957 IN VENTOR.

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ORNEYS oooooow oocaooooomoooooo ooooooooooooooooooooooo Patented Nov. 29, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Ind., a corporation of Indiana Application October 15, 1937, Serial No. 169,086

8 Claims.

My invention relates to mulliers for suppressing the exhaust noise in an internal combustion engine and especially to that type of mufller employing one or more resonating chambers each adapted to suppress sounds of a more or less definite frequency. Heretofore it has been the practice to arrange the mufiler so that such resonating chambers communicate with the stream of exhaust gases at a point where the exhaust gases are flowing through a fairly well defined passage. I have found, however, that this is not necessary. 7

It is the object of my invention to construct a mufiler which will have a great flexibility of design in respect to the resonating chambers. More specifically, it is my object to produce a mufller which will adequately silence the exhaust gases, which will not create excessive back-pressure, which may include resonating chambers, and which at the same time will be relatively compact in dimensions. A further object of my invention is to decrease the cost of mufilers and simplify their manufacture.

In carrying out my invention, I provide the muiller with in-fiow and out-flow tubes which overlap longitudinally within an expansion chamber in the interior of the muffler shell. Over the overlapping portions, the walls of these two tubes are provided with a multiplicity of restricted openings, 'but the inner ends of the two tubes are left open so that the gases are not compelled to flow through such openings. The resonating chamber or chambers employed are disposed between the expansion chamber above referred to and one or both ends of the muffler shell, and open into the expansion chamber desirably through annular openings surrounding the in-flow and out-flow tubes.

, The accompanying drawing illustrates my invention: Figs. 1 and .2 are longitudinal sections through two mulllers of slightly different construction; Fig. 3 is an end elevation of the muffler shown in Fig. 1; and Fig. 4 is an end elevation of the mufiler shown in Fig. 2.

t In both modifications illustrated in the drawing, the shell III of the mulller is cylindrical and is provided at its ends with heads I I and I2. An inlet fitting I3 extending through the head II is adapted for connection to the exhaust pipe leading from the engine and, at its inner end, communicates with a tube I4 which extends rearwardly within the muffler. A second tube I5 projects through the head I2 and extends forwardly to overlap longitudinally the tube I4.

Between the overlapping portions of the tubes I4 and I5 and the head II there is disposed a transverse partition I1 having an opening materially larger in diameter than the tube I4 through which such tube extends. A similar partition I8 located between the head I2 and the overlapping portions of the tubes I4 and I5 is provided for the passage of the tube I5, such opening being materially larger in diameter than the tube. The two partitions I 'I and I8 define within the shell In an expansion chamber I9. The inner ends of the two tubes I4 and I5 are open to provide communication with the expansion chamber and, in addition, the wall of each tube is provided with a multiplicity of restricted openings 20.

The space between the head II and the adjacent transverse partition I! constitutes a resonating chamber 2I which communicates with the expansion chamber I 9 through an annular passage surrounding the tube I4 and defined exteriorly by a supplementary tube 22 which is mounted in the partition I1 and which has open ends communicating respectively with the expansion I9 and the resonating chamber 2I. The frequency which the resonating chamber 2I is adapted to suppress is a joint function of the volume of that chamber and of the cross-sectional area and length of the annular passage through which it communicates with the chamber I9. The dimensions of this passage can obviously be varied by a suitable selection of the diameter and length of the tube 22.

A tube 24, similar to the tube 22, may be mounted in the partition I8 surrounding the tube 20 to define a passage between the expansion chamber I9 and a second resonating chamber 25 located in rear of the partition I8.

Desirably, the resonating chamber 25 does not extend rearwardly to the head I2 but instead has its rear end defined by a transverse partition 26 having an opening which closely receives the tube 20. Between the partition 26 and the end head I2, the tube 20 is provided with a multiplicity of perforations 21 and the space between it and the wall of the shell I! may be divided into compartments by transverse partitions, one of which is indicated at 28.

In the arrangement illustrated in Fig. 1 the two tubes I4 and I5 are straight and are located eccentrically in the shell III with their overlapping portions in contact. It it is desired to have the inlet and discharge fittings of the muffler located centrally of the shell, the arrangement illustrated in Fig. 2 may be employed. In that arrangement, that portion of each of the tubes I 4 and II which lies beyond the ends of the expansion chamber I9 is located co-axially 'with the shell ill; but at the ends of the expansion chamber the two tubes are bent so that their overlapping portions extend obliquely. vTo prevent the possibility of rattling and to add rigidity to the mufller, the overlapping portions of the tubes 14 and I5 are desirably in contact and spot-welded together.

An automobile engine usually has one or two speeds at which exhaust noise is most pronounced; and most of the noise ateach of such speeds is of a more or less deflnite frequency. It is for the purpose of suppressing such noise of more or less definite frequency or frequencies that the resonating chambers 2| and 25 are provided, each of such chambers being tuned for this purpose. At the same time that each of the resonating chambers suppresses sounds of a more or less deflnite frequency, it may tend to reinforce sounds of another frequency or frequencies; and it is for the purpose of suppressing any such reinforced sounds, as well as to supplement the silencing action that occurs between the partitions l1 and I8, that the constructional features between the partition 25 and the rear head I2 of the muiller are provided.

A muiller embodying the features described above is of simple construction and relatively compact. By so arranging the resonating chambers that they communicate with the expansion chamber, I am enable to save cost and eliminate any special fittings permitting lateral communication between either of the tubes and a tuned resonating chamber. Because the inner ends of the tubes Hand 15 are open and unrestricted the gas-flow through the mufller is free, and the back-pressure which the mufller imposes on the engine is relatively low.

I claim as my invention:

1. A mufller, comprising a cylindrical shell having end heads, a pair of transverse partitions within said shell spaced from each other and from said end heads to provide an expansion chamber between them and a resonating chamber between each and the adjacent end head, an opening in each of said transverse partitions, a tube mounted in each of said openings and extending longitudinally of said shell toward the adjacent end head, and inflow and outflow conduits of smaller diameter than said tubes extending respectively through said end heads, said conduits projecting inwardly of said shell through the respective tubes into overlapping relationship within said expansion chamber, the inner ends of said conduits being open within said expansion chamber and the walls of the overlapping portions of both conduits being provided with a multiplicity of restricted openings.

2. A muffler, comprising a cylindrical shell having heads at its inlet and discharge ends, inflow and outflow conduits extending respectively through the heads at the inlet and discharge ends of the shell and projecting inwardly into overlapping relationship, a transverse partition dis posed within said shell between the inner end of said inflow conduit and the head at the discharge end of the shell, said partition having an opening of larger diameter than said outflow conduit for the passage thereof, a tube of larger diameter than said outflow conduit mounted in said opening and extending rearwardly toward the head at the discharge end of the shell, and a second partition disposed between the rear end of said tube and the head at the discharge end of said sheen-r7 shell, said second partition having an opening closely receiving said outflow conduit, the inner ends of both said conduits being open and the walls of said conduits where they overlap and the wall of said outflow conduit between said second partition and the adjacent head being provided with a multiplicity or restricted openings.

3. A munler, comprising a cylindrical shell having end heads and a transverse interior partition, said partition having an opening, a conduit of smaller diameter than said opening extending through one of said end heads, through the opening in said partition, and projecting therebeyond, a tube of larger diameter than said conduit mounted in said opening, and a second conduit extending through the other head of said shell and projecting inwardly into overlapping relation with said first conduit, the inner ends of said conduits being open and the walls of both where they overlap being provided with a multiplicity of restricted openings.

4. A muiiler, comprising a cylindrical shell having end heads and a transverse interior partition, said partition, shell, and one of said heads deflning an expansion chamber, an outflow conduit extending through one of said heads, through said partition, and projecting therebeyond into said expansion chamber, said outflow conduit between said partition and the adjacent head being provided with a multiplicity of restricted openings, and an inflow conduit extending through the other of said heads and projecting into said expansion chamber and into overlapping relationship with said outflow condult, the inner ends of both said conduits being open and the walls of both where they overlap being provided with a multiplicity of restricted openings.

5. A mufller, comprising a shell having end heads, a transverse partition within said shell dividing the interior thereof into an expansion chamber and a resonating chamber, and inflow and outflow conduits projecting longitudinally into said expansion chamber, each of said conduits within said expansion chamber having an open end and a multiplicity of restricted openings in its wall, and said partition having an opening providing communication between said expan sion and resonating chambers.

6. A muifler, comprising a shell having end heads, a transverse partition within said shell dividing the interior thereof into an expansion chamber and a resonating chamber, and inflow and outflow conduits projecting longitudinally into said expansion chamber, each of said conduits within said expansion chamber having a multiplicity of restricted openings in its wall,

and said partition having an opening providing communication between said expansion and resonating chambers.

7. A mulller, comprising a cylindrical shell having end heads and an expansion chamber between said heads, and conduits extending respectively through said heads and projecting inwardly of said shell into overlapping relationship within said expansion chamber, the overlapping portions of said conduits being secured together and provided with a multiplicity of restricted openings where they overlap.

8. A mufller as set forth in claim 7 with the addition that said conduits pass through said heads in alinement with each other, the overlapping portions of the conduits being bent into oomplementarily oblique relation.

EDMUND LUDLOW.

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2543042A (en) * 1945-05-07 1951-02-27 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Tuning means for coaxial line conductors
US2600262A (en) * 1951-03-19 1952-06-10 Walker Mfg Company Of Wisconsi Spark arrester mechanism
US2857014A (en) * 1956-11-01 1958-10-21 Maxim Silencer Co Silencer for positive pressure gas streams subjected to high amplitude pulsations
US2928492A (en) * 1954-06-18 1960-03-15 Nelson Muffler Corp Exhaust muffler
US2949165A (en) * 1954-11-26 1960-08-16 Gen Motors Corp Muffler
US2960179A (en) * 1954-07-27 1960-11-15 Nelson Muffler Corp Exhaust muffler
US3141518A (en) * 1961-06-09 1964-07-21 Walker Mfg Co Muffler
US3181647A (en) * 1965-05-04 Apparatus for muffling noise and engine exhaust gases
US3191715A (en) * 1963-05-27 1965-06-29 Walker Mfg Co Muffler
US3827531A (en) * 1973-08-17 1974-08-06 Nelson Muffler Corp Exhaust muffler
EP0298379A1 (en) * 1987-07-10 1989-01-11 Paul Gillet Gmbh Exhaust silencer

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3181647A (en) * 1965-05-04 Apparatus for muffling noise and engine exhaust gases
US2543042A (en) * 1945-05-07 1951-02-27 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Tuning means for coaxial line conductors
US2600262A (en) * 1951-03-19 1952-06-10 Walker Mfg Company Of Wisconsi Spark arrester mechanism
US2928492A (en) * 1954-06-18 1960-03-15 Nelson Muffler Corp Exhaust muffler
US2960179A (en) * 1954-07-27 1960-11-15 Nelson Muffler Corp Exhaust muffler
US2949165A (en) * 1954-11-26 1960-08-16 Gen Motors Corp Muffler
US2857014A (en) * 1956-11-01 1958-10-21 Maxim Silencer Co Silencer for positive pressure gas streams subjected to high amplitude pulsations
US3141518A (en) * 1961-06-09 1964-07-21 Walker Mfg Co Muffler
US3191715A (en) * 1963-05-27 1965-06-29 Walker Mfg Co Muffler
US3827531A (en) * 1973-08-17 1974-08-06 Nelson Muffler Corp Exhaust muffler
EP0298379A1 (en) * 1987-07-10 1989-01-11 Paul Gillet Gmbh Exhaust silencer

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