US2134814A - Addressing and tabulating machine - Google Patents

Addressing and tabulating machine Download PDF

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US2134814A
US2134814A US40609A US4060935A US2134814A US 2134814 A US2134814 A US 2134814A US 40609 A US40609 A US 40609A US 4060935 A US4060935 A US 4060935A US 2134814 A US2134814 A US 2134814A
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printing
type
bars
addressing
address
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Harmon P Elliott
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41LAPPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR MANIFOLDING, DUPLICATING OR PRINTING FOR OFFICE OR OTHER COMMERCIAL PURPOSES; ADDRESSING MACHINES OR LIKE SERIES-PRINTING MACHINES
    • B41L47/00Details of addressographs or like series-printing machines
    • B41L47/58Arrangements or devices for selecting, or for facilitating selection of, text or image to be printed

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  • This invention relates to addressing andl tabulating machines and especially wherein the addresses and the data to be printed or tabulated is contained n a series of printing plates or devices as stencils.
  • the stencil in addition to containing the address carries a form which can be perforated in parts corresponding to the year, month, the contract number, the
  • the form may consist of a series of horizontal lines of numbers running from zero to nine, each line containing ⁇ repetitions of the same number and different lines containing different numbers, the
  • the stencil is adapted to be perforated at selected numbers on selected lines that provide the desired information pertaining lto the address of the stencil.
  • a further object of the invention is the provision of an addressing machine having tabulating mechanism which is automatically set by the perforations or the equivalent of the stencil or printing device to record the information indicated by the perforations.
  • a yet further object of the invention is the provision of a printing machine having a plurality of tabulating type bars the positions of which are controlled by the perforations of the stencils when they are in a predetermined position, as the printlng position, so that a record of certain type ch'aracters on said bars selected by the stencil can be recorded at the time the address of the stencil is being recorded, the type bars being automatically reset into a normal position following each printing operation.
  • a yet further object is generally to improve the construction ol addressing and tabulating machimes.
  • Fig. l is a plan View of an addressing and tabua generally rectangularV stiff paper board frame mechanism for the sheet feeding rolls.
  • Fig. 7 is a detail plan View of the tabulating p mechanism with the printing head removed.
  • Fig. 8 is a sectional detail taken along line 8-8 of Fig. 7.
  • Fig. 9 is a sectional detail taken along line 9--9 of Fig. 8.
  • Fig. 10 is a perspective view of a type bar of the tabulating mechanism.
  • Fig. 11 is a perspective view of the type bar resetting device of Fig. 8. i
  • Fig. 12 is a sectional detail taken Ialong line
  • Fig. 13 is a detail illustrating a portion of the printed record made by the machine.
  • Fig. 14 is a plan view of a stencil used with the machine.
  • the stencil frame 20 under the window is provided with a series of horizontal lines 26 of numbers, each horizontal line containing repetitions of the same number and diiferent lines containing different numbers. There can be, for instance, ten horizontal lines containing consecutive numbers from zero to nine.
  • the numbers contained in the horizontal lines are arranged in vertical alignment and there may be as many vertical lines 21 of numbers as may be desired, each vertical line containing a consecutive series of numbers from zero to nine.
  • the machine herein illustrated is adapted to 5o cooperate with stencils having forty or less vertical lines of numbers, this being sumcient for the numbers land lines selected being such as to indicate the desired information.
  • the perforations operate to control a tabulating mechanism to effect the printing, in a single line, of the ⁇ numbers indicated by the perforations, the spacing of printed numbers corresponding to the spacing between the vertical perforated lines.
  • the printing and tabulating machine embodying the present invention and operating upon a series of the above described stencils comprises a table or bed 38 supported on top of a suitable frame 32.
  • a pair of horizontally spaced stencil supporting rails 34 constituting a stencil track or guideway are disposed above the table 38 and extend lengthwise of the table from the right to the left hand end thereof.
  • a stencil holder 38 is disposed above the stencil track at one end thereof and is adapted to contain a pile of superimposed stencils.
  • a pusher 38 is reciprocable lengthwise of the track and is arranged to move the successive lowermost stencils of the holder out of the holder and into and along the track, the stencils being finally deposited in a stencil receiver 48 located at and mainly below the other end of the table and track.
  • the inked printingroll and the inking mechanism are located above the table and the anvil or.
  • the anvil or platen 42 has a at lower face and is secured to the forward ends of arms 44 that are carried by a reciprocating loop frame 46 having a horizontally elongated passage 48 therethrough for a vweb of paper, the frame being pivoted above the table on a horizontal shaft 58 carried by upstanding ears 52 of a bracket 54' secured to the underface of the table.
  • Said bracket has depending ears 55 located beneath the table in which an oscillating shaft 58,
  • Said shaft is oscillated by an operating lever 58 which is fixed tosald shaft and has a pivotal connection with the upper end of a connecting rod 68, the lower end of the connecting rod being reciprocated by the continuously rotating shaft 62 of a power mechanism 84 well known in the art and not necessary to explain in greater detail.
  • Said shaft is driven through meshing large and small gears 68 and 68 by a pulley 18 that is rotated by a motor 12. Rotation of the shaft 62 is under control of clutch mechanism operated by the treadle 1.4.
  • the operating lever 58 is provided with cam surfaces 1B, 'I8 and 88 which cooperate with a cam roller 82 adjustably carried by the lower end of a depending arm 84 of the loop frame 46, the roller being held in constant engagement with the cam surfaces by a tension spring 86 connected with said arm 84.
  • the arrangement is such that as said operating lever 58 is reciprocated vertically the loop frame and the platen are caused to be reciprocated to move the platen into and out of cooperative relation with the stencil sheet of the stencil.
  • the printing mechanism includes an ink-bearing printing roller 88 which is located beneath the stencil track and under the platen 42. Said roller is journalled on a shaft 98 that is carried by and is located betweenthe upstanding forward ends of a pair of arms 92, the rear ends of said arms being pivoted on a shaft 94 extended aisasu between and carried by the ears 52 of the bracket 54.
  • 'I'he operating lever 58 is provided with an upper horizontal part 96 that has a :cam face 88 .engaged by a cam roller
  • the arrangement of the cam is such that as the operating lever 58 is reciprocated the arms 92 and the printing roll 98 are reciprocated vertically so as to move the printing roll into and out of pressure engagement with the stencil.
  • the inking mechanism for the printing roll is located below the table 38 and forwardly of the printing roll and is carried by a pair of brackets 82, see especially Figs. 3 and 4, secured to and depending below the table 38.
  • the inking mechanism includes a drum
  • 88 is fixed to a shaft
  • the transfer roll is located between said drum and the printing roll 88 and is so arranged that when the printing roll is in its low position itis in rotatable engagement with -the transfer roll and is rotated thereby so that the surface of the printing roll receives a coating of ink.
  • the printing roll moves -upwardly 'on a printing operation it moves out of contact with the transfer roll.
  • An ink spreading roll II6 is located in rotatable engagement with the drum
  • Said spreading roll is fixed to a shaft
  • the shaft I8 is reciprocated axially by a worm
  • 32 is rotatably carried by forwardly extended arms
  • 36 is in engagement with said arms
  • An arm I 38 is associated with said arms
  • the shaft I I8 of the transfer roll is rotated continuously by means Vof a pulley
  • Said jack shaft is rotated by means of a pulley
  • the stencil pusher 38 is reciprocated by a link
  • the lower end of said hub is provided with a horii slot
  • Said paper web is contained in a roll
  • the table is transversely ad- I justably secured to the machine table 30 byV means including the elongated slot
  • the web passes forwardly from the loop .frame 46 into the bite of a pair of driven upper feed rolls
  • 86 see Figs. 1, 2 and 4, are fixed to a shaft
  • the shaft and said rolls lare intermittently advanced in the same direction and at times are held stationary and thus vserve to advance the webintermittently, the advance taking place during the time that the printing roll and platen are out of engagement with the web and stencil.
  • 88 are idler rolls and each, see Fig. 5, is separately journalled on a stud screw
  • a release bar see Figs. 3, il, 5 and 6, which bar is essentially in the form of a crank and has an intermediate portion 202 journalled in the table of the machine and at right angles therewith and rearwardly extended therefrom a rear end portion 201i that overlies the plate Q26. YSaid end portion is so disposed that when itis depressed it engages said plate and moves said plate downwardly thereby carrying with it the idler rolls E82. Said rod has a right angularly related forwardly extended por- ⁇ slot in position to be engaged by the pin 236.
  • tion 206 that extends to the front of the ⁇ machine and serves as a handle by which the rear end ofthe rod can be depressed.
  • the handle end of the rod is somewhat resilient'and is releasably retained resiliently in the lower notch 208 of a depending holding plate 2
  • the rod can be sprung sidewise out of 'the notch 208 and raised and sprung into the upper notch 2
  • 80 is provided with a pinion gear 2
  • 6 is fixed to a shaft 2
  • a pawl arm 228 is journalled on the end of said gear and ratchet wheel'shaft 2
  • An intermediate part of said pawl arm is intermittently connected to the lower end of a connecting rod 232 which hasa longitudinally elongated slot 234, see Fig. 2, therein into which projects a pin 236 of an upstanding arm 238 carried by the loop frame 46.
  • 'A feed control rod 240 is screw-threaded into the end of said connecting rod and has its end located in said A tension spring 242 is connected with said connecting rod and serves to urge it constantly downlwards thereby to tend to maintain said pin 236 hence said pin 236 moves generally downwardly and upwardly.
  • the downward movement of the ,pin is accomplished free from corresponding movement of the connecting rod, the connecting rod moving under influence of the spring 242 to retrieve the pawl.
  • the pin 236 cornes in contact with the end of the rod 240 and hence raises the connectingrod and positively advances the feed rolls.
  • the amount of upward stroke of the loop frame that is effective in positively advancing the feed rolls is regulated by the adjustment of the feed screw 240. .V l
  • the paper web passes forwardly from the feed' rolls and over and upon the stencil track and the stencils therein and under the platen and through the tabulating mechanism and thence over a guide bar 244, see Figs. 1, 2 and 4, to a winding roll 246.
  • Said winding roll is located at the front end of the machine and is carried on a shaft 248 journalled in a bracket 252 and preferably is releasably secured to the front part of the table 30.
  • the shaft 248 is continuously rotated by means of a pulley 252 fixed thereto and driven by a belt 221i that is passed about a pulley 256 fixed to the shaft M2 of the ink transfer roll.
  • the take-up drum 228 While the take-up drum 228 is thus continuously rotated the feed of the web is -controlled by the feed rolls itt and when said rolls are held stationary the take-up roll is held stationary and the drive thereof is adapted to slip. Thus the take-up roll operates onlywhen paper is advanced by the feed rolls.
  • the tabulating mechanism that records the data indicated by the perforation of the stencil frame is located at the front part of the table 80 and in front of the printing roll and platen and in line with the stencil that is in addressing position.
  • the tabulating mechanism includes a supporting frame, see especially Figs. 4, 7 and 8, 9, comprising a horizontal bottom plate 268 carried by and resting in a recess formed in the upper face of the table and removably secured thereto and having upstanding side bars 260 located at the opposite side edges of the plate and a cross bar 262 that rests upon the side bars 260 and is vertically spaced above the bottom plate.
  • the top and bottom plates and the side bars define a guide channel in which a plurality of printing devices 264 are located. Said printing devices are or can beidentical and one is illustrated in perspective in Fig. 10.
  • Each of said printing devices comprises a horizontally thin bar that rests upright'on its long narrow edge on top of the plate 284 and is horizontally movable on said plate under said top plate 262. All of the bars are in sidewise engagement with each other and the end bars of the series are in sidewise engagement with the end bars 260.
  • Each bar is provided intermediate its length with a raised part 288 having a series of raised type characters 288 in the form of numerals thereon, the numerals running consecutively from zero to nine.
  • Each type bar at its inner or rear end is provided with a resilient upstanding spring finger 210 having an abrupt free end 212.
  • the width of the finger is such that it is free to enter a perforation of the stencil, which perforation preferably is rectangular and theabrupt free end of the finger is adapted to engage the rear end wall of the perforation and thereby be held from rearward movement.
  • the nnger also is of such configuration at its free end that it fits within the perforation sumciently so that the perforation holds it from deleterious forward or backward movement until the bar is positively moved forward by means independent of the stencil.
  • the arrangement is such that when the type bars are released for rearward movement toward the stencil they will move rearwardly until the spring fingers become seated in perforations aligned with the respective type bars, whereupon the type bars will be held from further movement.
  • 'I'he position of the type characters on the type bars is such that when a type bar is stopped from rearward movement by engagement oi a spring finger with a perforation the type character on said type bar that corresponds with the numeral of the stencil cut out by the perforation will be located in position for printing.
  • the forward ends of all type bars are provided with elevated stop projections 214 that are adapted to engage -the front edge of the top guide plate 262 whereby to limit the rearward movement of the bars.
  • the bars are biased for rearward movement towards the stencils by a spring actuating mechanism consisting of a series of upstanding thin levers 216 pivoted on a bar 218, see Figs. 3 and 4, disposed below the forward ends of the type bars and fixed to and extended between forwardly extending arms 280 carried by the brackets
  • the upper ends of the levers are loosely located in slots 284 formed in the front ends of the type bars.
  • Tension springs 286 have their front ends connected with said levers and the rear ends of alternate springs connected with alternate upper and lower projections 288 of a spring supporting bar 280 fixed to and extended between the brackets
  • their respective springs and levers urge each rearwardly until they are stopped from rearwad movement by engagement of their respective fingers in the perforations oi' a stencil, as illustrated in Fig. 8 or by engagement of their stop projections 214 with the front edge of the top plate 262.
  • Said frame comprises a plate 282 disposed beneath the plate 288 and horizontally slidable in the grooves of spaced rails 284 secured to the underface of said plate.
  • Said plate 282 at its rear end is provided with an upstanding horizontal bar 286 that confronts the inner or rear 'ends of but is free from positive connection with all of the type bars and hence when said bar 286 is moved rearwardly the type bars are free for rearward movement and when the bar 286 ismoved forward it engages the rear ends of all of the type bars and moves them positively forwardly against the action of their associated springs.
  • 'I'he plate 282 is secured to a bar 298 that at its forward end has a depending projection 800 formed'with a vertical slot 302 therein.
  • a pin 804 see Figs. 3, 4 and 8, is located loosely in said slot and is secured to the upper end of a generally vertical reciprocating lever 806 that at its lower end is pivoted on a stud pin 808 carried by a depending bracket 8
  • the lower end of the lever 806 is integral with or fixed to a hub 3
  • the cam 8i8 is fixed to a short shaft 820 journalled in the bracket 8
  • the arrangey ment is such that the type bars are allowed to move forwardly and are retracted during the time that the stencil is stationary in printing position between the printing roll and platen.
  • a reciprocating printing head 826 is located above the type bars and is vertically reciprocable in a supporting standard 828 fixed to a bridge 880 which overlies the type bars and has feet 882 that are secured to the table on opposite sides of the type bars.4
  • the printing head carries at its iower end a platen 884 that hasan impression ledge 386 that overlies all of the type bars and has a width sufficient to engage one type character. only of all of the type characters of a type bar at one printing operation.
  • the printing head is urged for downward movement in a printing direction by a tension spring 338 and is elevated by a gear sector 34
  • the sector 340 is xed to a shaft 344 journalled in the standard 328 and also in a bracket 346, see Fig. 1, rising from the top of the table and has a forwardly extended arm 348 xed to its free end.
  • the upper end of a connecting rod 350 is pivotally connected to said arm, see Figs. 4 and 12, and the lower end of said connecting rod is pivoted to an intermediate part of a forwardly extended arm 352 that is loosely journalled on the shaft, see Fig. 3.
  • the forward end of said arm carries a cam roller 354 that bears upon a cam disc 356 secured to the shaft 320.
  • the arrangement is such that for the greater part of a complete rotation of the shaft 320 the arm 352 and hence the printing head are held in an inactive elevated position but during a part of the rotation of the shaftthe arm and printing head are allowed to drop down and effect the printing operation, this operation taking place at the time the sencil is stationary.
  • 10 passes under ⁇ the printing head and above the type bars.
  • An ink ribbon 358 extends transversely of the type bars above them and underI the paper web and the platen 334 and supplies the ink necessary for recording is carried by the side bars 260 of the type bar supporting frame and has a cut-.out portion 368 underlying the impression ledge 336 of the platen and exposing certain of the type characters of the type bars to receive the impression of the printing head.
  • Fig. 13 illustrates a porti n of the printed web wherein the address 310 corresponds with the address 24 of the stencil of Fig. 14 and wherein the line of numbers 312 under the address 310 corresponds with the numbers, and with the horizontal position of the numbers, punched out by the perforations 28 of Fig. 14.
  • An -addressing machine comprising means for advancing a succession of address bearing devices to an addressing position, said devices having selectively positioned print-controlling means the position of which denotes a selected item of information, addressing mechanism operable upon said devices in said printing .position to record the addresses thereof, and printing mechanism having means for printing variable data directly controlled by the print-controlling means of the addressing devices for effecting the printing of the items ⁇ of information denoted by the positions of saidl print-controlling means upon the same record sheets with the addresses of the demeans for printing variable data, arranged for direct. control by said data selecting means for printing the data selected by said printing data at the time the device is in addressing position and on the same record sheets with the addresses of said devices. 3.
  • An'addressing machine comprising means for advancing a succession of address bearing devices to an addressing position, said devices having means ⁇ denoting specific data, addressing mechanism operable upon said devices in said printing position to record the addresses thereof, and printing mechanism having means directly responsive to said data denoting means of different address bearing devices to effect the printing of the specific data denoted by said data denoting means upon the same record sheets with the addresses of said devices.
  • An addressing machine comprising means for advancing to an addressing position a succession of address bearing deviceshaving in addition tothe address .printing-mechanism-controlling means located at selected parts of the device and capable of being differently located with different devices, each of said means denoting some data, addressing mechanism operable upon the devices when they are yin printing position to record the addresses thereof, printing mechanism having means for printing different data directly responsive to -the printing-mechanism-controlling means of the address bearing devices for printing the specific data that is denoted by said printing-l mechanism-controlling means of the various devices, data denoting means upon the same record sheets with the addresses of said devices.
  • An addressing machine having means to advance into addressing position successive address bearing devices also bearing printing-mech- :mism-controlling means selectively positioned on said devices, and printing mechanism having means for printing different data under direct control of the printing-mechanism-controlling means of said address bearing devices for printing the data corresponding to positions of said printing-mechanism-controlling means on a record sheet, and means for recording on the same sheet the address of the printing device.
  • a printing machine comprising means for advancing into printing position a succession of printing devices having printing-mechanismcontrolling abutments selectively positioned on said printing devices, printing mechanism having means for printing different data, means governing the printing of different data corresponding to different possible positions of said abutments on said printing devices, said means being movable over said printing devices into engagement fwith an abutment and being held thereby in a for advancing into addressing position va succession of address bearing devices having data indicating devices, and means directly operative upon the devices when they are in addressing position for making a record both of the address and the data indicated by a device on the same record sheet.
  • Addressing mechanism comprising means for advancing intoI printing position a succession ot address bearing devices having selectively positioned printing data indicating members, variable data printing mechanism having a plurality of data controlling members the position of which determines the data that is printed, the position of said members being determined by the position of said indicating members, and means for recording at the same time while the devices are in printing position the address of an address bearing device and the data determined by said indicating members, said recording means including addressing mechanism operable to record the impression of the address of the device when it is in printing position.V
  • An addressing machine comprising means for advancing into addressing position a succession of address bearing devices having selectively positioned printing data indicating members, addressing mechanism for recording the addresses of said devices, a printing mechanism adapted to print diiIerent data as determined by the position of said indicating members, a plurality of data controlling members the position of which determines the data printed by said printing mechanism, said members being aligned with said indieating members when the addressing device is in addressing position, means for moving said data controlling members into abutting and holding relation with said indicating members, whereby to present for printing data denoted by the position ci! said indicating members, and means for recording the data presented by said printing mechanism and as determined by said indicating members.
  • a printing machine the combination of means for advancing into printing position a succession of devices having selectively positioned printing data indicating members, printing mechanism having a plurality of movable printing data carrying members each having a plurality of printing data thereon, said movable members being positioned in ⁇ alignment with said indicating members when an addressing device is in printing position, and means for moving said movable members into engagement with said indicating members whereby to be positioned thereby in positions to present data corresponding to that oi' said indicating members.
  • An addressing machine comprising means for advancing into addressing position a succession of address bearing devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, addressing mechanism for recording the addresses of said devices, printing mechanism having a plurality of movable type carrying bars, each bar carrying a plurality of diierent type characters, said type bars being positioned in alignment with Said indicating members when an addressing device is in addressing position, means for biasing Said type bars for movement towards an addressing device when lt is in addressing position, means for eifecting engagement of the aligned type bars with said indicating members and for holding said type bars in positions corresponding to the positions of said indicating members, means for recording the type cl'faracters presented by the positioned type bars, and means for returning said type bars to a normal position.
  • An addressing machine comprising means for advancing into addressing position a succession of address bearing devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, addressing mechanism for recording the addresses of said 5 devices, printing mechanism having a plurality of type carrying bars disposed in alignment with said indicating members when an addressing device is in addressing position, said type carrying members each having a plurality of different type characters, means for biasing said type bars for movement toward said addressing devices, means carried by said type bars engageable with said indicating members and operable to hold said type bars in positions corresponding to the positions of said indicating members, means for recording the type characters presented by the positioned type bars, and means for returning said type bars to a normal position.
  • An addressing machine comprising means for advancing into printing position a succession of address bearing stencils having selectively positioned type indicating perforations, addressing mechanism for recording the addresses of said stencils, printing mechanism having a plurality of type bars aligned with perforations of a stencil when the latter is in addressing position, said type bars each having a plurality of diierent type characters, means for biasing said type bars for movement toward the stencil, spring ngers carried by said type bars movable therewith upon the surface of said stencil and into a'perforation aligned therewith held thereby against further movement in an advancing direction whereby to position for printing that type character of the type bar that corresponds with the printing character indicated by the perforation, means for recording the character presented by the positioned type bar, and means for returning said type bars to a normal position.
  • a printing machine comprising means for advancing into printing position a series of devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, printing mechanism having a plurality of type bars movable into engagement With said indicating members when a device is in printing position, said type bars each having a plurality of diierent type characters, means biasing said type bars for movement towards said devices, and means for controlling said movement and for returning said bars to normal position.
  • addressing machine the combination of means for advancing into addressing position successive address bearing devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, addressing mechanism for recording the addresses 0I said devices, printing mechanism having a plurality of movable type bars each having a plurality of different type characters, spring means ment with said indicating 'members and for returning all of said members simultaneously into a normal position, and means for recording the characters presented by the positioned .type bars.
  • addressing machine the combination of means for advancing into printing position a succession of address bearing devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, printing mechanism having a plurality of type bars each having a plurality of different type characters, means for biasing said type 'bars for movement into engagement with said indicating members, a reciprocating frame engageable with said type bars for releasing said type bars. for independent movement and for returning said type bars simultaneously into a normal position, and means for recording the address of an address bearing device and impressions of the type bars as determined by the settings thereof.
  • a printing machine In a printing machine, the combination of meansfor advancing into printing position a succession of devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, printing mechanism comprising a supporting plate, a plurality of movable type bars positioned in sidewise engageyment upon said plate, means for biasing said r type bars for lengthwise movement over said devices into direct engagement with said indicating members. and a reciprocating frame controlling the movement of said type bars and returning said type bars toa normal position.
  • An addressing machine comprising the combination of a track, means for advancing along said track into a printing position a succession of address bearing stencils having selectively positioned type A indicating perforations, printing mechanism located at one side of said track having a plurality of type bars each having a plurality of different type characters, means for biasing said type bars for movement lengthwise toward and away from and under said track, said type bars having spring urged iingers which are movable over and in pressure engagement gageable with all of said type bars and returning them into a normal position.
  • An addressing machine comprising a guideway, means for advancing into addressing position along said guideway a succession of address bearing devices having type indicating members, a printing mechanism located beside said guideway having a plurality of type carrying members, means directly controlled by said indicating members for locating said type carrying members in' positions for presenting in a printing position type characters of said type carrying members corresponding to the type indicated by said indicating members, means for advancing a recordsheet into printing relation with the address bearing devices and also with the type characters of said printing mechanism, and means for recording in cooperative association upon said record sheet the address of a device and the type characters selected :by the inprintingv devices each having type characters,
  • a printing machine comprising a plurality of movable type bars each having a plurality of different type characters, means for advancing a plurality of control devices having selectively positioned type character selector members into controlling' position with said type bars, means for moving said type bars into abutting relation type bars corresponding to type characters indicated by said selector members, means for making arecord of said selected typecharacters, and means for returning said type bars to a normal position.
  • a printing machine comprising means to advance a succession of control devices ⁇ into a control position, each device having a ⁇ tabulating form composed of a series of horizontal lines of .numbers each line having repetitions of the same number and each line having representaf tion of a dierent number, the numbers of the horizontal lines being contained in vertical lines, printing mechanism comprising a plurality of bars, there being as many bars as there are vertical lines of the control devices, each barvhaving associated therewith aV plurality of type characters corresponding to the type characters of horizontal lines contained in the associated vertical lnes of the control device, said bars being movable into successive positions corresponding with the positions of 'the associated .type characters in printing position, the control devices having control members positioned in selected horizontal and vertic'al lines, and means operable to move said bars into abutting relation with said control members whereby to position into printing position the type character associated with a bar and corresponding to the type character position of the controlmember, and means for making a record of the positioned type characters.
  • a printing machine comprising means to advance a succession of control devices into a control position, each device having a tabulating form composed of a series of horizontal lines of numbers, each line having repetitions of the same number and each line having representation of a different number, the numbers of the horizontal lines being contained in vertical lines, printing mechanism comprising a plurality of bars, there being as many bars as there are vertical lines of the control devices.
  • each bar having associated therewith a plurality of type characters corresponding to the type characters of horizontal lines contained in the associated vertical lines of the control device, said bars being movable into successive positions correspondingwith the positions of the associated type characters in printing position
  • the control devices having control members positioned in selected horizontal and vertical lines, and means operable to move said bars into abutting relation with said control members whereby to position into printing position the type character associated with a bar and corresponding to the type character position of the control member, means for making a record of the positioned type characters, and means for returning all type bars and associated type characters into a normal position.
  • Addressing mechanism comprising a guideway, means for advancing along said guideway into printing position a succession of address bearing devices having address forming characters and changeable printing data indicating means, means for locating a record sheet in printing position addressing mechanism for recording the impression of the address forming characters of an address bearing device on said' record sheet, printing mechanism having changeable printing data directly controlled by said printing data indicating means for selecting the data to be printed, and means for recording the selected data upon the face of said record sheet bearing the address.
  • Addressing mechanism comprising a guideway, means for advancing along said guideway into printing position a succession of address bearing devices having address forming characters and changeable printing data indicating means, means for locating a record sheet in printing position, addressing mechanism for recording the impression of the address forming characters of an address bearing device on said record sheet,
  • said printing mechanism having changeable printing data directly controlled by said printing data indicating means for selecting the data to be printed, and means for recording the selected data upon the face of said record sheet bearing the address, said address bearing device com- ⁇ prising a stencil, said addressing mechanism comprising a reciprocable printing platen located above the stencil and guideway, and a printing roll located below said stencil and guideway, said record sheet being disposed above the stencil and guideway, said changeable printing data means being located beneath said record sheet and printing upon the under face thereof, and inking mechanism for said printing roll disposed below said guideway.
  • Printing mechanism comprising a table, a guideway above said table, printing mechanism including a printing arm pivotally carried by said table above and at the rear part thereof and extended forwardly, a platen carried by the forward endof said arm and overlying said guideway, means for advancing successive printing devices along said .guideway andy under said platen, a roll carrying frame pivotally carried by said table below and at the rear part thereof and extended forwardly, a printing roll carried by the forward part of said frame, means for reciprocating said arm and frame about their pivotal connections with said table for moving said platen and printing roll respectively downwardly and upwardly into printing relation with said printing devices in said guideway, said means including a shaft located below said guideway and table, and cam mechanism on said shaft extended rearwardly therefrom and having operative connections with said arm and roll carrying frame below said table, and inking mechanism for said printing roll located below said guideway and table and forwardly of said roll and shaft.
  • a printing machine comprising means for advancing into and out of a printing position a succession of printing devices bearing addresses and selectively Vpositioned item indicating means, means for recording the address of a printing device, and means directly controlled by said item indicating means for recording on the same sheet with the address a record corresponding to said item indicating means.

Description

H. P. ELLIOTT ADDRESSING AND TABULATING MACHINE Nov., l.,- 1938.
e Smets-sheet 1 Filed Sept. 14, 1955 Invehor. HMM P. m
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Filed sept. 14,- 1935 s sheets-sheet 2 NOV-'1, 1938. H. P. ELLloTT I ADDRESSING AND TABULATING MACHINE 6 Sheets-'Sheet 3 Filed sept. 14, 1935 Nov. 1, 1938. H. P. ELLIOTT ADDRESSING AND TABULATING MACHINE Nov. l, 1938. H. P. ELLIOTT 2,134,814
ADDRESSING AND TABULATING MACHINE l Filed Sept. 14, 1935 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 John oe Boston 27. 23 Mass 28 ecnvoo .ao/ llllllny,f( ll 12211111 :zznn 171 veil or,
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Nov..l, 1938, H, P. ELLIOTT ADDRESSING AND TABU'LATING MACHINE iled Sept. 14, 195g 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 l 42 34 V// 39gVAL Y 'i zo 36a 29a SJW 7 y a m I 2 uw h h. l .a en .af .ma H mns oo 5652 Soso ,D Ma sima @das noMw @MMI MvoMM .nB a me 4 a o a 2 e 1v Tv ru Patented Nov. 1,1938
PATENT OFFICE ADDRESSING AND TABULATING MACHINE Harmon i?. Enma, Watertown, Mass. Application September 14, 1935, Serial No. 40,609
34 Claims.
This invention relates to addressing andl tabulating machines and especially wherein the addresses and the data to be printed or tabulated is contained n a series of printing plates or devices as stencils.
For certain classes of work as, for instance, the addressing of pension checks, the stencil in addition to containing the address carries a form which can be perforated in parts corresponding to the year, month, the contract number, the
amount paid out or other desirable information pertaining to the address. The form, for instance, may consist of a series of horizontal lines of numbers running from zero to nine, each line containing `repetitions of the same number and different lines containing different numbers, the
numbers in the horizontal lines being arranged in vertical registration. The stencil is adapted to be perforated at selected numbers on selected lines that provide the desired information pertaining lto the address of the stencil. Heretofore, it has been necessary to run the stencils from which addresses are taken through a tabulating machine to record the information inditill cated by the perforations oi' the stencils.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a printingv machine wherein the tabulating mechanism is a part of the addressing machine and the information indicated by the perforations of the stencil can be recorded while the stencil is in the addressing machine and preferably while it is in addressing position so that the address and the information provided by the perforations can be recorded simultaneously.
A further object of the invention is the provision of an addressing machine having tabulating mechanism which is automatically set by the perforations or the equivalent of the stencil or printing device to record the information indicated by the perforations. y
A yet further object of the invention is the provision of a printing machine having a plurality of tabulating type bars the positions of which are controlled by the perforations of the stencils when they are in a predetermined position, as the printlng position, so that a record of certain type ch'aracters on said bars selected by the stencil can be recorded at the time the address of the stencil is being recorded, the type bars being automatically reset into a normal position following each printing operation. f V
A yet further object is generally to improve the construction ol addressing and tabulating machimes.
Fig. l is a plan View of an addressing and tabua generally rectangularV stiff paper board frame mechanism for the sheet feeding rolls.
Fig. 7 is a detail plan View of the tabulating p mechanism with the printing head removed. l5
Fig. 8 is a sectional detail taken along line 8-8 of Fig. 7. v
Fig. 9 is a sectional detail taken along line 9--9 of Fig. 8.
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of a type bar of the tabulating mechanism. v
Fig. 11 is a perspective view of the type bar resetting device of Fig. 8. i
Fig. 12 is a sectional detail taken Ialong line |2--I2 of Fig. 3 and illustrating particularly the operating mechanism for the tabulating printing head.
Fig. 13 is a detail illustrating a portion of the printed record made by the machine.
Fig. 14 is a plan view of a stencil used with the machine.
The address and data bearing printing device especially adapted for use in connection with the present invention comprises a stencil consisting of 20,1see Fig. 14, having in the upper portion a window 22 occupied by the usual stencil sheet bearing an address 24. The stencil frame 20 under the window is provided with a series of horizontal lines 26 of numbers, each horizontal line containing repetitions of the same number and diiferent lines containing different numbers. There can be, for instance, ten horizontal lines containing consecutive numbers from zero to nine. The numbers contained in the horizontal lines are arranged in vertical alignment and there may be as many vertical lines 21 of numbers as may be desired, each vertical line containing a consecutive series of numbers from zero to nine.
The machine herein illustrated is adapted to 5o cooperate with stencils having forty or less vertical lines of numbers, this being sumcient for the numbers land lines selected being such as to indicate the desired information. The perforations operate to control a tabulating mechanism to effect the printing, in a single line, of the` numbers indicated by the perforations, the spacing of printed numbers corresponding to the spacing between the vertical perforated lines.
The printing and tabulating machine embodying the present invention and operating upon a series of the above described stencils comprises a table or bed 38 supported on top of a suitable frame 32. A pair of horizontally spaced stencil supporting rails 34 constituting a stencil track or guideway are disposed above the table 38 and extend lengthwise of the table from the right to the left hand end thereof. A stencil holder 38 is disposed above the stencil track at one end thereof and is adapted to contain a pile of superimposed stencils. A pusher 38 is reciprocable lengthwise of the track and is arranged to move the successive lowermost stencils of the holder out of the holder and into and along the track, the stencils being finally deposited in a stencil receiver 48 located at and mainly below the other end of the table and track.
Whereas in the usual stencil printing machine the inked printingroll and the inking mechanism are located above the table and the anvil or.
platen -is located below the table, in the present machine the relation of the parts is reversed because of the presence and arrangement of the tabulating mechanism. Hence the printing roll and inking mechanism are below the table and the anvil or platen is above the table. The anvil or platen 42, see especially Figs. l, 2 and 4, has a at lower face and is secured to the forward ends of arms 44 that are carried by a reciprocating loop frame 46 having a horizontally elongated passage 48 therethrough for a vweb of paper, the frame being pivoted above the table on a horizontal shaft 58 carried by upstanding ears 52 of a bracket 54' secured to the underface of the table. Said bracket has depending ears 55 located beneath the table in which an oscillating shaft 58,
see also Fig. 4, is journalled. Said shaft is oscillated by an operating lever 58 which is fixed tosald shaft and has a pivotal connection with the upper end of a connecting rod 68, the lower end of the connecting rod being reciprocated by the continuously rotating shaft 62 of a power mechanism 84 well known in the art and not necessary to explain in greater detail. Said shaft is driven through meshing large and small gears 68 and 68 by a pulley 18 that is rotated by a motor 12. Rotation of the shaft 62 is under control of clutch mechanism operated by the treadle 1.4.
The operating lever 58, see especially Fig. 4, is provided with cam surfaces 1B, 'I8 and 88 which cooperate with a cam roller 82 adjustably carried by the lower end of a depending arm 84 of the loop frame 46, the roller being held in constant engagement with the cam surfaces by a tension spring 86 connected with said arm 84. The arrangement is such that as said operating lever 58 is reciprocated vertically the loop frame and the platen are caused to be reciprocated to move the platen into and out of cooperative relation with the stencil sheet of the stencil.
, The printing mechanism includes an ink-bearing printing roller 88 which is located beneath the stencil track and under the platen 42. Said roller is journalled on a shaft 98 that is carried by and is located betweenthe upstanding forward ends of a pair of arms 92, the rear ends of said arms being pivoted on a shaft 94 extended aisasu between and carried by the ears 52 of the bracket 54. 'I'he operating lever 58 is provided with an upper horizontal part 96 that has a :cam face 88 .engaged by a cam roller |88 carried'by said arms '82. The arrangement of the cam is such that as the operating lever 58 is reciprocated the arms 92 and the printing roll 98 are reciprocated vertically so as to move the printing roll into and out of pressure engagement with the stencil.
The inking mechanism for the printing roll is located below the table 38 and forwardly of the printing roll and is carried by a pair of brackets 82, see especially Figs. 3 and 4, secured to and depending below the table 38. The inking mechanism includes a drum |84 located between said brackets and fixed to a shaft |86 that is freely rotatable in said brackets. A transfer roll |88 is fixed to a shaft ||8 that is journalled in boxes ||2 that are slidable toward and away from the drum |84, the boxes being urged toward said drum by springs II4, thereby to maintain the transfer roll |88 in continuous rotatable engagement with the drum |84. The transfer roll is located between said drum and the printing roll 88 and is so arranged that when the printing roll is in its low position itis in rotatable engagement with -the transfer roll and is rotated thereby so that the surface of the printing roll receives a coating of ink. When the printing roll moves -upwardly 'on a printing operation it moves out of contact with the transfer roll.
An ink spreading roll II6 is located in rotatable engagement with the drum |84 on the front side thereof. Said spreading roll is fixed to a shaft ||8 that is rotatable and axially movable in bearing boxes |28, see especially Fig. 3, carried by and adjustable in said brackets |82 toward and away from the drum 84 so as to maintain said transfer roll in rolling engagement with the drum. The shaft I8 is reciprocated axially by a worm |22 fixed to the shaft |I8 and meshing with a worm gear |24 journalled on a frame |26 that straddles the worm and is free for axial movement with the shaft. is eccentrically pivotally connected to one end of a connecting rod |28, the other end of which is pivoted at |38 to one of the brackets |82 so that as the worm gear is rotated the frame |26 and hence the worm |22 and the shaft II8 are caused to be reciprocated. An ink -fountain or ink containing roll |32 is rotatably carried by forwardly extended arms |34 journalled on the shaft |86 of the drum |84. Said ink roll when desired is adapted to make rolling engagement with the transfer roll IIE. A spring |36 is in engagement with said arms |34l and serves to maintain the ink roll normally out of engagement with the transfer roll. An arm I 38 is associated with said arms |34 and ink roll and is terminated at the front of the machine and is adapted to be depressed to move the ink roll downwardly into rolling contact with the transfer roll so as to renew the ink supply to the printing roll 88 upon need. The shaft I I8 of the transfer roll is rotated continuously by means Vof a pulley |48 which is driven by a belt |42 of the spring coil type which passes around a pulley |44 fixed to'a jack shaft |46, see especially Fig. 2. Said jack shaft is rotated by means of a pulley |48 that is fixed thereto and is engaged by a belt |58 similar 4to the belt |42 that passes around a pulley |52 fixed to the gear shaft 69 of the power mechanism 64.
The stencil pusher 38, see Figs. 1, 2 and 4, is reciprocated by a link |54 one end of which is pivoted to the pusher and the other end of which The worm gear |24 is pivoted to they forwardly extended arm |56 havlng a hub |58 journalled on a vertical stud shaft 4|60 carried by and located beneath the table 30.
The lower end of said hub is provided with a horii slot |66 is .such that the pusher is caused to adcooperative relation with the feed rolls.
Vance a stencil by the width of the stencil. at
sometime during the period that the printing roll and platen are out of engagement with the stencil.
'I'he present invention is designed primarily to print the addresses of the stencils in succession transversely of a long paper web |10, see Figs. 2
and 4. Said paper web is contained in a roll |'|2V sides of the web. The table is transversely ad- I justably secured to the machine table 30 byV means including the elongated slot |82 and the clamping nut |84, see Fig. 1, so thatl the web can be laterally positioned with respect to the printing roll, the platen and the tabulating mechanism presently to be described.
The web passes forwardly from the loop .frame 46 into the bite of a pair of driven upper feed rolls |86 and lower idler feed rolls |88 located behind the rearedge of the stencil track. The upper rolls |86, see Figs. 1, 2 and 4, are fixed to a shaft |90 that is journalled in bearings of a cross bar |92 secured to and upstanding above the top face of the table Y30. The shaft and said rolls lare intermittently advanced in the same direction and at times are held stationary and thus vserve to advance the webintermittently, the advance taking place during the time that the printing roll and platen are out of engagement with the web and stencil.
The lower rolls |88 are idler rolls and each, see Fig. 5, is separately journalled on a stud screw |94 carried by a yieldingly supported plate |96. Said plate is guided for vertical movement on vertical pins |98 carried by and rising from the bracket 54, there being helical springs 200 which encircle said pins beneath and bearupwardly against said plate |86, whereby to maintain said plate yieldingly in an elevated position and to hold said rolls |88 into engagement with the paper web on the feed rolls |86.
At times, as for initially threading the web through the machine; it is desirable to move the lower or idle rolls downwardly and' away from For this purpose there is provided a release bar, see Figs. 3, il, 5 and 6, which bar is essentially in the form of a crank and has an intermediate portion 202 journalled in the table of the machine and at right angles therewith and rearwardly extended therefrom a rear end portion 201i that overlies the plate Q26. YSaid end portion is so disposed that when itis depressed it engages said plate and moves said plate downwardly thereby carrying with it the idler rolls E82. Said rod has a right angularly related forwardly extended por- `slot in position to be engaged by the pin 236.
tion 206 that extends to the front of the `machine and serves as a handle by which the rear end ofthe rod can be depressed. The handle end of the rod is somewhat resilient'and is releasably retained resiliently in the lower notch 208 of a depending holding plate 2|0, in which notch the rod is held in a normal inoperative position. The rod can be sprung sidewise out of 'the notch 208 and raised and sprung into the upper notch 2|2 of said plate whereby to hold the rod releasably in an operated position with the idler rolls out of operative relation with said rolls.
The feed roll shaft |80 is provided with a pinion gear 2|4, see especially Figs. l, 2 and 3, that is in mesh with a large gear 2|6 of the web feeding mechanism. Saidgear 2|6 is fixed to a shaft 2|8 .journalled in a bracket 220 supported by the cross bar |92.V The other end of said shaft has fixed Vthereto an integral brake drum 222 and ratchet i ratchet wheel.
A pawl arm 228 is journalled on the end of said gear and ratchet wheel'shaft 2|8 and at its free end carries a pawl 230 that engages the teeth` of the ratchetwheel.' An intermediate part of said pawl arm is intermittently connected to the lower end of a connecting rod 232 which hasa longitudinally elongated slot 234, see Fig. 2, therein into which projects a pin 236 of an upstanding arm 238 carried by the loop frame 46. 'A feed control rod 240 is screw-threaded into the end of said connecting rod and has its end located in said A tension spring 242 is connected with said connecting rod and serves to urge it constantly downlwards thereby to tend to maintain said pin 236 hence said pin 236 moves generally downwardly and upwardly. The downward movement of the ,pin is accomplished free from corresponding movement of the connecting rod, the connecting rod moving under influence of the spring 242 to retrieve the pawl. During the upward movement of the loop frame, however, the pin 236 cornes in contact with the end of the rod 240 and hence raises the connectingrod and positively advances the feed rolls. The amount of upward stroke of the loop frame that is effective in positively advancing the feed rolls is regulated by the adjustment of the feed screw 240. .V l
The paper web passes forwardly from the feed' rolls and over and upon the stencil track and the stencils therein and under the platen and through the tabulating mechanism and thence over a guide bar 244, see Figs. 1, 2 and 4, to a winding roll 246. Said winding roll is located at the front end of the machine and is carried on a shaft 248 journalled in a bracket 252 and preferably is releasably secured to the front part of the table 30. The shaft 248 is continuously rotated by means of a pulley 252 fixed thereto and driven by a belt 221i that is passed about a pulley 256 fixed to the shaft M2 of the ink transfer roll. While the take-up drum 228 is thus continuously rotated the feed of the web is -controlled by the feed rolls itt and when said rolls are held stationary the take-up roll is held stationary and the drive thereof is adapted to slip. Thus the take-up roll operates onlywhen paper is advanced by the feed rolls.
The tabulating mechanism that records the data indicated by the perforation of the stencil frame is located at the front part of the table 80 and in front of the printing roll and platen and in line with the stencil that is in addressing position. The tabulating mechanism includes a supporting frame, see especially Figs. 4, 7 and 8, 9, comprising a horizontal bottom plate 268 carried by and resting in a recess formed in the upper face of the table and removably secured thereto and having upstanding side bars 260 located at the opposite side edges of the plate and a cross bar 262 that rests upon the side bars 260 and is vertically spaced above the bottom plate. The top and bottom plates and the side bars define a guide channel in which a plurality of printing devices 264 are located. Said printing devices are or can beidentical and one is illustrated in perspective in Fig. 10.
Each of said printing devices comprises a horizontally thin bar that rests upright'on its long narrow edge on top of the plate 284 and is horizontally movable on said plate under said top plate 262. All of the bars are in sidewise engagement with each other and the end bars of the series are in sidewise engagement with the end bars 260. Each bar is provided intermediate its length with a raised part 288 having a series of raised type characters 288 in the form of numerals thereon, the numerals running consecutively from zero to nine. 'Ihe spacing between the numerals corresponds to the spacing between the horizontal lines of the tabulating form of the stencil and the spacing of the type charactersv between any two consecutive type bars corresponding to the horizontal spacing of the numerals of the tabulating form and thereby to the spacing of the vertical lines of the form. Thus the entire set of type bars form a duplicate of the tabulating form of the stencil.
Each type bar at its inner or rear end is provided with a resilient upstanding spring finger 210 having an abrupt free end 212. The width of the finger is such that it is free to enter a perforation of the stencil, which perforation preferably is rectangular and theabrupt free end of the finger is adapted to engage the rear end wall of the perforation and thereby be held from rearward movement. The nnger also is of such configuration at its free end that it fits within the perforation sumciently so that the perforation holds it from deleterious forward or backward movement until the bar is positively moved forward by means independent of the stencil.
The arrangement is such that when the type bars are released for rearward movement toward the stencil they will move rearwardly until the spring fingers become seated in perforations aligned with the respective type bars, whereupon the type bars will be held from further movement. 'I'he position of the type characters on the type bars is such that when a type bar is stopped from rearward movement by engagement oi a spring finger with a perforation the type character on said type bar that corresponds with the numeral of the stencil cut out by the perforation will be located in position for printing.
The forward ends of all type bars are provided with elevated stop projections 214 that are adapted to engage -the front edge of the top guide plate 262 whereby to limit the rearward movement of the bars. The bars are biased for rearward movement towards the stencils by a spring actuating mechanism consisting of a series of upstanding thin levers 216 pivoted on a bar 218, see Figs. 3 and 4, disposed below the forward ends of the type bars and fixed to and extended between forwardly extending arms 280 carried by the brackets |02, there being interposed spacing washers 282 on the bar 218 between the levers. The upper ends of the levers are loosely located in slots 284 formed in the front ends of the type bars. Tension springs 286 have their front ends connected with said levers and the rear ends of alternate springs connected with alternate upper and lower projections 288 of a spring supporting bar 280 fixed to and extended between the brackets |02. Thus when the bars are released for rearward movement their respective springs and levers urge each rearwardly until they are stopped from rearwad movement by engagement of their respective fingers in the perforations oi' a stencil, as illustrated in Fig. 8 or by engagement of their stop projections 214 with the front edge of the top plate 262.
The rearward movement of the type bars and their return to normal forward position is governed by a horizontally reciprocating frame, see Figs. 4, 8, 9 and 11. Said frame comprises a plate 282 disposed beneath the plate 288 and horizontally slidable in the grooves of spaced rails 284 secured to the underface of said plate. Said plate 282 at its rear end is provided with an upstanding horizontal bar 286 that confronts the inner or rear 'ends of but is free from positive connection with all of the type bars and hence when said bar 286 is moved rearwardly the type bars are free for rearward movement and when the bar 286 ismoved forward it engages the rear ends of all of the type bars and moves them positively forwardly against the action of their associated springs. r
'I'he plate 282 is secured to a bar 298 that at its forward end has a depending projection 800 formed'with a vertical slot 302 therein. A pin 804, see Figs. 3, 4 and 8, is located loosely in said slot and is secured to the upper end of a generally vertical reciprocating lever 806 that at its lower end is pivoted on a stud pin 808 carried by a depending bracket 8|0 attached to the underface of the table 80. The lower end of the lever 806 is integral with or fixed to a hub 3|2 that has a generally vertical arm 8M that at its free end carries a cam roller 8|6 engaged with a cam 8|8 which causes the arms 8l! to reciprocate and hence effects the reciprocation of the control frame for the type bars. The cam 8i8 is fixed to a short shaft 820 journalled in the bracket 8|0 and having fixed thereto a sprocket 822, see Figs. 2, 3 and 12, that is driven by an endless chain 828 from the constantly-driven shaft 62 of the power mechanism so that the shaft and cam rotate in timed relation with the movements of the stencil printing mechanism. The arrangey ment is such that the type bars are allowed to move forwardly and are retracted during the time that the stencil is stationary in printing position between the printing roll and platen.
A reciprocating printing head 826, see Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 9, is located above the type bars and is vertically reciprocable in a supporting standard 828 fixed to a bridge 880 which overlies the type bars and has feet 882 that are secured to the table on opposite sides of the type bars.4 The printing head carries at its iower end a platen 884 that hasan impression ledge 386 that overlies all of the type bars and has a width sufficient to engage one type character. only of all of the type characters of a type bar at one printing operation. The printing head is urged for downward movement in a printing direction by a tension spring 338 and is elevated by a gear sector 34|) that engages rack teeth 342 formed in the printing head. The sector 340 is xed to a shaft 344 journalled in the standard 328 and also in a bracket 346, see Fig. 1, rising from the top of the table and has a forwardly extended arm 348 xed to its free end. The upper end of a connecting rod 350 is pivotally connected to said arm, see Figs. 4 and 12, and the lower end of said connecting rod is pivoted to an intermediate part of a forwardly extended arm 352 that is loosely journalled on the shaft, see Fig. 3. The forward end of said arm carries a cam roller 354 that bears upon a cam disc 356 secured to the shaft 320. The arrangement is such that for the greater part of a complete rotation of the shaft 320 the arm 352 and hence the printing head are held in an inactive elevated position but during a part of the rotation of the shaftthe arm and printing head are allowed to drop down and effect the printing operation, this operation taking place at the time the sencil is stationary.
The paper web |10 passes under `the printing head and above the type bars. An ink ribbon 358 extends transversely of the type bars above them and underI the paper web and the platen 334 and supplies the ink necessary for recording is carried by the side bars 260 of the type bar supporting frame and has a cut-.out portion 368 underlying the impression ledge 336 of the platen and exposing certain of the type characters of the type bars to receive the impression of the printing head.
As thus arranged the address borne by a stencil when it is in printing position will be recorded upon the web |10. At the same time the type bars that are lin line with perforations of the stencil will be stopped by the perforations in position to present for printing4 type numbers that correspond with the numbers punched out by the perforations and these numbers will be recorded on the web in association with the address during t e printing operation. Fig. 13 illustrates a porti n of the printed web wherein the address 310 corresponds with the address 24 of the stencil of Fig. 14 and wherein the line of numbers 312 under the address 310 corresponds with the numbers, and with the horizontal position of the numbers, punched out by the perforations 28 of Fig. 14.
I claim:
1. An -addressing machine comprising means for advancing a succession of address bearing devices to an addressing position, said devices having selectively positioned print-controlling means the position of which denotes a selected item of information, addressing mechanism operable upon said devices in said printing .position to record the addresses thereof, and printing mechanism having means for printing variable data directly controlled by the print-controlling means of the addressing devices for effecting the printing of the items` of information denoted by the positions of saidl print-controlling means upon the same record sheets with the addresses of the demeans for printing variable data, arranged for direct. control by said data selecting means for printing the data selected by said printing data at the time the device is in addressing position and on the same record sheets with the addresses of said devices. 3. An'addressing machine comprising means for advancing a succession of address bearing devices to an addressing position, said devices having means `denoting specific data, addressing mechanism operable upon said devices in said printing position to record the addresses thereof, and printing mechanism having means directly responsive to said data denoting means of different address bearing devices to effect the printing of the specific data denoted by said data denoting means upon the same record sheets with the addresses of said devices.
4. An addressing machine comprising means for advancing to an addressing position a succession of address bearing deviceshaving in addition tothe address .printing-mechanism-controlling means located at selected parts of the device and capable of being differently located with different devices, each of said means denoting some data, addressing mechanism operable upon the devices when they are yin printing position to record the addresses thereof, printing mechanism having means for printing different data directly responsive to -the printing-mechanism-controlling means of the address bearing devices for printing the specific data that is denoted by said printing-l mechanism-controlling means of the various devices, data denoting means upon the same record sheets with the addresses of said devices.
5. An addressing machine having means to advance into addressing position successive address bearing devices also bearing printing-mech- :mism-controlling means selectively positioned on said devices, and printing mechanism having means for printing different data under direct control of the printing-mechanism-controlling means of said address bearing devices for printing the data corresponding to positions of said printing-mechanism-controlling means on a record sheet, and means for recording on the same sheet the address of the printing device.
6. A printing machine comprising means for advancing into printing position a succession of printing devices having printing-mechanismcontrolling abutments selectively positioned on said printing devices, printing mechanism having means for printing different data, means governing the printing of different data corresponding to different possible positions of said abutments on said printing devices, said means being movable over said printing devices into engagement fwith an abutment and being held thereby in a for advancing into addressing position va succession of address bearing devices having data indicating devices, and means directly operative upon the devices when they are in addressing position for making a record both of the address and the data indicated by a device on the same record sheet.
8. Addressing mechanism comprising means for advancing intoI printing position a succession ot address bearing devices having selectively positioned printing data indicating members, variable data printing mechanism having a plurality of data controlling members the position of which determines the data that is printed, the position of said members being determined by the position of said indicating members, and means for recording at the same time while the devices are in printing position the address of an address bearing device and the data determined by said indicating members, said recording means including addressing mechanism operable to record the impression of the address of the device when it is in printing position.V
9. An addressing machine comprising means for advancing into addressing position a succession of address bearing devices having selectively positioned printing data indicating members, addressing mechanism for recording the addresses of said devices, a printing mechanism adapted to print diiIerent data as determined by the position of said indicating members, a plurality of data controlling members the position of which determines the data printed by said printing mechanism, said members being aligned with said indieating members when the addressing device is in addressing position, means for moving said data controlling members into abutting and holding relation with said indicating members, whereby to present for printing data denoted by the position ci! said indicating members, and means for recording the data presented by said printing mechanism and as determined by said indicating members.
10. In a printing machine, the combination of means for advancing into printing position a succession of devices having selectively positioned printing data indicating members, printing mechanism having a plurality of movable printing data carrying members each having a plurality of printing data thereon, said movable members being positioned in `alignment with said indicating members when an addressing device is in printing position, and means for moving said movable members into engagement with said indicating members whereby to be positioned thereby in positions to present data corresponding to that oi' said indicating members.
1l. An addressing machine comprising means for advancing into addressing position a succession of address bearing devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, addressing mechanism for recording the addresses of said devices, printing mechanism having a plurality of movable type carrying bars, each bar carrying a plurality of diierent type characters, said type bars being positioned in alignment with Said indicating members when an addressing device is in addressing position, means for biasing Said type bars for movement towards an addressing device when lt is in addressing position, means for eifecting engagement of the aligned type bars with said indicating members and for holding said type bars in positions corresponding to the positions of said indicating members, means for recording the type cl'faracters presented by the positioned type bars, and means for returning said type bars to a normal position.
12. An addressing machine comprising means for advancing into addressing position a succession of address bearing devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, addressing mechanism for recording the addresses of said 5 devices, printing mechanism having a plurality of type carrying bars disposed in alignment with said indicating members when an addressing device is in addressing position, said type carrying members each having a plurality of different type characters, means for biasing said type bars for movement toward said addressing devices, means carried by said type bars engageable with said indicating members and operable to hold said type bars in positions corresponding to the positions of said indicating members, means for recording the type characters presented by the positioned type bars, and means for returning said type bars to a normal position.
13. An addressing machine comprising means for advancing into printing position a succession of address bearing stencils having selectively positioned type indicating perforations, addressing mechanism for recording the addresses of said stencils, printing mechanism having a plurality of type bars aligned with perforations of a stencil when the latter is in addressing position, said type bars each having a plurality of diierent type characters, means for biasing said type bars for movement toward the stencil, spring ngers carried by said type bars movable therewith upon the surface of said stencil and into a'perforation aligned therewith held thereby against further movement in an advancing direction whereby to position for printing that type character of the type bar that corresponds with the printing character indicated by the perforation, means for recording the character presented by the positioned type bar, and means for returning said type bars to a normal position.
14. In an addressing machine, the combination of means for advancing into printing position a succession of address bearing devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, printing mechanism including a platen, a. plurality of type bars movable toward and away from said addressing position and under said platen, each type bar having a plurality of different type characters, means for biasing said type bars for movement towards the addressing position comprising a supporting shaft, a plurality of arms pivoted on said shaft each engageable with a separate type bar, spring means acting on said arms for biasing them and said type bars for movement into'engagement with said indicating members, and means for controlling said movement and for returning said type bar to a normal position.
15. A printing machine comprising means for advancing into printing position a series of devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, printing mechanism having a plurality of type bars movable into engagement With said indicating members when a device is in printing position, said type bars each having a plurality of diierent type characters, means biasing said type bars for movement towards said devices, and means for controlling said movement and for returning said bars to normal position.
16. In an addressing machine, the combination of means for advancing into addressing position successive address bearing devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, addressing mechanism for recording the addresses 0I said devices, printing mechanism having a plurality of movable type bars each having a plurality of different type characters, spring means ment with said indicating 'members and for returning all of said members simultaneously into a normal position, and means for recording the characters presented by the positioned .type bars.
17. In an addressing machine, thecombination of means for advancing into printing position a succession of address bearing devices having se.- lectively positioned type indicating members, printing mechanism having a plurality of type bars each having a plurality of diierent type characters, means for biasing said type bars for movement into engagement with said indicating members, and a reciprocating frame engageable with said type bars for releasing said type bars for independent movement and for returning said type bars simultaneously into a normal position.
18. In an addressing machine, the combination of means for advancing into printing position a succession of address bearing devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, printing mechanism having a plurality of type bars each having a plurality of different type characters, means for biasing said type 'bars for movement into engagement with said indicating members, a reciprocating frame engageable with said type bars for releasing said type bars. for independent movement and for returning said type bars simultaneously into a normal position, and means for recording the address of an address bearing device and impressions of the type bars as determined by the settings thereof.
lg. In a printing machine, the combination of meansfor advancing into printing position a succession of devices having selectively positioned type indicating members, printing mechanism comprising a supporting plate, a plurality of movable type bars positioned in sidewise engageyment upon said plate, means for biasing said r type bars for lengthwise movement over said devices into direct engagement with said indicating members. and a reciprocating frame controlling the movement of said type bars and returning said type bars toa normal position.
20. .An addressing machine comprising the combination of a track, means for advancing along said track into a printing position a succession of address bearing stencils having selectively positioned type A indicating perforations, printing mechanism located at one side of said track having a plurality of type bars each having a plurality of different type characters, means for biasing said type bars for movement lengthwise toward and away from and under said track, said type bars having spring urged iingers which are movable over and in pressure engagement gageable with all of said type bars and returning them into a normal position.
21. An addressing machine comprising a guideway, means for advancing into addressing position along said guideway a succession of address bearing devices having type indicating members, a printing mechanism located beside said guideway having a plurality of type carrying members, means directly controlled by said indicating members for locating said type carrying members in' positions for presenting in a printing position type characters of said type carrying members corresponding to the type indicated by said indicating members, means for advancing a recordsheet into printing relation with the address bearing devices and also with the type characters of said printing mechanism, and means for recording in cooperative association upon said record sheet the address of a device and the type characters selected :by the inprintingv devices each having type characters,
means under control of and having parts directly engageable with said indicating members for assembling said printing devices in a predetermined position determined by the position of said indicating members, and means for directly recording an impression oi the address characters of an address bearing device and the impression of said selectively assembled type characters oi said printing devices.
23. A printing machine comprising a plurality of movable type bars each having a plurality of different type characters, means for advancing a plurality of control devices having selectively positioned type character selector members into controlling' position with said type bars, means for moving said type bars into abutting relation type bars corresponding to type characters indicated by said selector members, means for making arecord of said selected typecharacters, and means for returning said type bars to a normal position. A
24. A printing machine comprising means to advance a succession of control devices `into a control position, each device having a` tabulating form composed of a series of horizontal lines of .numbers each line having repetitions of the same number and each line having representaf tion of a dierent number, the numbers of the horizontal lines being contained in vertical lines, printing mechanism comprising a plurality of bars, there being as many bars as there are vertical lines of the control devices, each barvhaving associated therewith aV plurality of type characters corresponding to the type characters of horizontal lines contained in the associated vertical lnes of the control device, said bars being movable into successive positions corresponding with the positions of 'the associated .type characters in printing position, the control devices having control members positioned in selected horizontal and vertic'al lines, and means operable to move said bars into abutting relation with said control members whereby to position into printing position the type character associated with a bar and corresponding to the type character position of the controlmember, and means for making a record of the positioned type characters. Y
25. A printing machine comprising means to advance a succession of control devices into a control position, each device having a tabulating form composed of a series of horizontal lines of numbers, each line having repetitions of the same number and each line having representation of a different number, the numbers of the horizontal lines being contained in vertical lines, printing mechanism comprising a plurality of bars, there being as many bars as there are vertical lines of the control devices. each bar having associated therewith a plurality of type characters corresponding to the type characters of horizontal lines contained in the associated vertical lines of the control device, said bars being movable into successive positions correspondingwith the positions of the associated type characters in printing position, the control devices having control members positioned in selected horizontal and vertical lines, and means operable to move said bars into abutting relation with said control members whereby to position into printing position the type character associated with a bar and corresponding to the type character position of the control member, means for making a record of the positioned type characters, and means for returning all type bars and associated type characters into a normal position.
26. In a printing machine the combination of a printing head, a plate located beneath said head, a plurality of type bars disposed upon said plate inparallel sidewise arrangement, means overlying said bars and engaged slidably thereby while retaining said bars in the aforesaid relation, vsaid bars having a plurality of type characters distributed lengthwise thereof, spring means for biasing each of said bars independently of all other bars for lengthwise movement in one direction, means including a reciprocating frame common to all bars for holding said bars against such movement and for releasing said bars for independent movement and for returning said bars to a normal position, means for operating said printing head when said bars are in displaced positions and a changeable control plate traversed by parts of said bars and having means engageable therewith for holding said bars in predetermined displaced positions during the operation of said printing head.
27. Addressing mechanism comprising a guideway, means for advancing along said guideway into printing position a succession of address bearing devices having address forming characters and changeable printing data indicating means, means for locating a record sheet in printing position addressing mechanism for recording the impression of the address forming characters of an address bearing device on said' record sheet, printing mechanism having changeable printing data directly controlled by said printing data indicating means for selecting the data to be printed, and means for recording the selected data upon the face of said record sheet bearing the address.
28. Addressing mechanism comprising a guideway, means for advancing along said guideway into printing position a succession of address bearing devices having address forming characters and changeable printing data indicating means, means for locating a record sheet in printing position, addressing mechanism for recording the impression of the address forming characters of an address bearing device on said record sheet,
printing mechanism having changeable printing data directly controlled by said printing data indicating means for selecting the data to be printed, and means for recording the selected data upon the face of said record sheet bearing the address, said address bearing device com-` prising a stencil, said addressing mechanism comprising a reciprocable printing platen located above the stencil and guideway, and a printing roll located below said stencil and guideway, said record sheet being disposed above the stencil and guideway, said changeable printing data means being located beneath said record sheet and printing upon the under face thereof, and inking mechanism for said printing roll disposed below said guideway.
29. In an addressing machine, the combination of means for advancing into printing position a succession of address bearing devices having selectively positioned control perforations, a plurality of separately movable printing members advanceable over an address bearing device when the latter is in a predetermined location and having projections adapted to enter a perforation registering therewith and beheld by the device from continued movement in .the same direction, means for advancing said members in the aforesaid manner, means for retracting said members from advanced positions thereof, and means for effecting a printing operation on said members when they are in predetermined advanced positions.
30. Printing mechanism comprising a table, a guideway above said table, printing mechanism including a printing arm pivotally carried by said table above and at the rear part thereof and extended forwardly, a platen carried by the forward endof said arm and overlying said guideway, means for advancing successive printing devices along said .guideway andy under said platen, a roll carrying frame pivotally carried by said table below and at the rear part thereof and extended forwardly, a printing roll carried by the forward part of said frame, means for reciprocating said arm and frame about their pivotal connections with said table for moving said platen and printing roll respectively downwardly and upwardly into printing relation with said printing devices in said guideway, said means including a shaft located below said guideway and table, and cam mechanism on said shaft extended rearwardly therefrom and having operative connections with said arm and roll carrying frame below said table, and inking mechanism for said printing roll located below said guideway and table and forwardly of said roll and shaft.
31. A printing machine comprising means for advancing into and out of a printing position a succession of printing devices bearing addresses and selectively Vpositioned item indicating means, means for recording the address of a printing device, and means directly controlled by said item indicating means for recording on the same sheet with the address a record corresponding to said item indicating means.
32. The combination of an address plate having address characters and data denoting means occupying different positions on said plate denoting different data, means for recording the address on a record sheet, and means lunder direct control of said data denoting means for recording on the same sheet with the address a mark for each data denoting means which marks are indicative of the positions of said data denoting means.
33. The combination of a printing plate having address characters and means the positions of which on said card indicate different data, means fer recording the address of said card, and means cooperating directly with said rst-named means v2,134,814: i n 9 registerable with parts of printing devices which are selected by the positions of such holes and the printing device parts being movable into said holes to condition the printing devices for printing data corresponding to the position of said 5 holes.
HARMON P. ELLIOTT.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2909221A (en) * 1956-02-27 1959-10-20 Simplau Corp Of America Duplicating, printing and punching machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2909221A (en) * 1956-02-27 1959-10-20 Simplau Corp Of America Duplicating, printing and punching machine

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