US2132498A - Roller bit - Google Patents

Roller bit Download PDF

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Publication number
US2132498A
US2132498A US14933837A US2132498A US 2132498 A US2132498 A US 2132498A US 14933837 A US14933837 A US 14933837A US 2132498 A US2132498 A US 2132498A
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United States
Prior art keywords
body
roller
cutter
provided
cutters
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Herman C Smith
John T Phipps
Original Assignee
SMITH Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Priority to US91830A priority Critical patent/US2094856A/en
Application filed by SMITH Co filed Critical SMITH Co
Priority to US14933837 priority patent/US2132498A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2132498A publication Critical patent/US2132498A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B10/00Drill bits
    • E21B10/08Roller bits
    • E21B10/10Roller bits with roller axle supported at both ends

Description

Oct. l1, 1938. H. c. SMITH ET A1. 2,132,498

ROLLER BIT Original Filed July 22, 1936 0" JOHN TH/Pps.

- ATTORNEY Patented Oct. l1, 1938 ROLLER BIT Herman o. smith, Whittier, and Jaim T. rhin, Huntington Park, Calif.; said Phipps assignor to said smith Original application July 22, 1936, Serial No. 91,830. Divided and this application June 21, 1937, Serial No. 149,338

l Claim. (Cl. Z55-71) UNITED STATES PATENT oi-'EicE This application is a division o! our co-pending application for United States Letters Patent entitled, Roller bit", Serial No. 91,830, illed July 221, 1936, now Patent No. 2,094,856, granted Octo- 5 ber 5, 1937. I

This invention relates to roller bits, and has for an object the provision of a device wherein the roller bits are so arranged as to at all times maintain the gauge of the hole being bored.

l Another object is the provision of a roller bit wherein the roller members freely turn and without wobble.

Another object is the provision of a roller bit wherein certain of the cutter elements are so l arranged that the thrust thereon is compensated in a novel manner, to the end that the roller or rollers turn without substantial friction on their bearings.

Another object is the provision of a roller bit which may be readily assembled or disassembled in a novel manner.

Other objects will become apparent from the description which follows.

The invention is inexpensive in cost of manufacture, designed for long wear and freedom from repairs, and generally superior to roller bits now known to the inventors.,

With the above objects and others in View, the invention consists in the novel and useful provision, formation, construction, association, and

relative arrangement of parts, members and features, .all as depicted in a certain embodiment in the accompanying drawing, described'generally, and more particularly pointed out in the claim.

In the drawing: A I

Figure 1 is an elevation, partly in section, of the improved roller bit, y

Figure 2 is a bottom plan View oi' the roller bit,

Figure 3 is a sectional view on the line 3 3 of L0 Figure 1,

Figure 4 is a sectional view on the line 4-4 of Figure 1, and,

Figure 5 is a sectional view on the line 5-5 of Figure 1.

,5 Referring now to the drawing, the roller bit is designated as an entirety by the numeral I, and the same includes a. body 2 provided with a pin 3. The body and its pin are formed in two parts, as illustrated at 4 and 5, the two parts 0 being held together after the various roller members, to be hereinafter described, have been a'ssembled, through the medium of a bolt 6, shown in Figure 5. In this connection, one of the body members 5 is formed with a recessed portion 'I 5 and both body portions are provided with bores 8 and 9, which axially align when the two parts are in cooperation with one oi' said bores 9 screw-threaded to receive the threaded portion of the bolt. The head ci the bolt is received within the recess so that there is no external 5 projection thereof beyond the body. Both body halves are provided with elongated bores I0, I I,

i2 and I3, the bores being parallel to the axis of the body and extending through both halves of the pin, as shown in Figure 1 by dotted lines 10 and in Figure 3 by full lines. When the two halves of the body are cooperating, the pin ls received within a collar i4, which collar in turn is secured to a drill stem I5, through which stem a liquid may pass to in turn be passed through l5 the bores i0 to I3, inclusive, and adjacent the cutters carried by the body. Each body half is, of course, identical in construction, and in Figure 2, the lines I6 and I1 indicate the meeting edges between the two body halves, and wherein 20 it will be observed that each body half is adapted to carry a cutter roller or disc I8. As each body half carries identical type rollers, the same reference characters will apply.

The cutter rollers or discs I8 are commonly 25 called side cutters, for the reason that said cutter rollers are held at an angle. with the toothed elements thereof adapted to gauge a hole. It will be observed u'pon reference to Figures 2 and 4 that the rollers are provided with a plurality 30 of transverse cutter teeth I9 and with a plurality of teeth 20 having the cutting edges thereof in the plane of the roller and substantially at right angles to the cutting edges of the teeth I9. In

Figure 4, there is first provided a series of teeth 35 I9, then teeth 20, again' followed by teeth I9, and so on. In order to carry rollers of this character. each half of the body is provided with a leg 2|, one face of which 22 is angularly related to the axis of the body. Describing one side of the de- 40 vice, the leg 2I is provided with a bore 23 substantially at right angles to the face 22. Passed through said bore is a trunnion 24. 'Ihe trunnion extends beyond the face 22 and is provided with a tapered, screw-threaded area 25. 'I'he 45 opposite end oi? the trunnion is substantially flush with the periphery of the body and is preferably welded thereto, as indicated at 26.

Considering the assembly of one of the cutters I8 and viewing Figure 1, each cutter is sub- 50 stantially annular in form.. Opposite side faces of the cutter are provided with tapered annular recesses or grooves 21 and 28. A main bearing member 29 is provided with a screw-threaded bore 30, and a flange portion 3|, which flange 55 has its innermost face provided with an annularly tapered portion 32 facing the facial annular grooves 21 of the cutter disc. A lock washer 38 has one face thereof provided with a tapered groove 34, the taper of which faces the groove 28 in the cutter disc. The opposite face of said washer is formed with a plurality of spaced apart radially arranged pits 35. The central bore in said lock washer is of a size sufhcient to permit it to be received upon the shank of the main bearing 29, as shown in Figure l, at 36. Adapted for placement between the grooves of the roller disc and the main bearing are tapered rollers 31. Tapered rollers 38 are also placed between the groove of the washer and the cutter disc, and cylindrical rollers 39 interposed between the periphery of the shank of the main bearing and the wall bounding the central bore of the cutter disc. When the main bearing, together with the cutter disc and washer have been placed in position of assemblage, the main bearing may be screw-threaded upon the trunnion, after which a lock screw, threaded within a bore 4|| of the leg 2|, may have an end thereof received within one of the pits 35 of the washer. 'I'his construction will hold the cutter disc in a given position and adapted for ready rotation. It will be observed further upon reference to Figure 1, that what may be termed the top of the cutter disc has the teeth elements thereof beveled so that the hole cut or bored may be gauged as to size, when the tool is in operation. Disposed 90 relative to the trunnion of each half of the body, are depending legs 4| (see Figure 3). Each leg carries an inwardly extending trunnion 42, which is provided with a tapered thread 43, the trunnions in each instance being suitably secured to the respective legs by welding, or otherwise, as indicated at 44.

Interposed between ends of the trunnions, assuming that the two halves of the body are in cooperation, is a tie and bearing pin 45. One end of said pin is screw-threaded at 46; a median zone of said pin is provided with a smooth area 4 1 bounded by spaced-apart annular flanges 48 and 49. The zone between the two anges acts as a bearing area. Adapted to be screwthreaded to the tie pin and the trunnion 42 is a bearing 50. Adapted to surround the bearing 50 are what are known as core cutters 5|. Rollers 52 are interposed between the bearing 50 and the bore in the shank of the core cutters. The roller bearings are conveniently held in position by providing one end of the main bearing with an annular ange 53, which fits within an annular recess 54 of the core cutter, and the opposite end of the core cutter is provided with an annular flange 55. Between the flanges 53 and 55 are disposed the roller bearings. The end flange 53 is provided on its outer face with a plurality of spaced-apart pits 56, similar to the type of pits shown at 35. The leg 4| is provided with a screw-threaded bore 51 adapted to receive a locking pin 56, one end of which may be received in one of the pits 56.

It will be observed that the end opposite the threaded portion of the tie pin is provided .with a peripheral groove 59 and that the main bearing member, here designated as 60, is provided with a groove 6| adapted to be in complement with the groove 59 when the parts of the device are in position of assemblage. 'I'he main bearing member is provided with a transverse threaded bore 62, leading to the grooves 60 and 6|, and ball bearings 63 are adapted to be dropped through said transverse bore and between the complementary grooves 60 and 6| for the purpose of locking the tie pin to the bearing, after which a screw 64 is received within the bore 62. The character of the core cutters for this end of the device is the same as before. as is likewise the arrangement of the roller bearings and the lock for the main bearing. Adapted to be carried upon the bearing portion of the tie pin 45 are further core cutters 65 and 66. The core cutters are maintained spaced apart through the medium of a washer 61. Roller bearings 68 and 69 are interposed between the peripheral sur- Aface of the bearing portion of the pin 46 and the innerannular surface of each core cutter. While the core cutter teeth all taper for both sets inwardly, still the character of the teeth is somewhat different, in that certain of the teeth are of greater transverse width than others, as best illustrated in Figure 2. It has been found advantageous, under actual service conditions, to vary the width of the teeth.

The assemblage of the core cutters is comparatively simple, and viewing Figure 3, the trunnions 42 are removed, it being assumed, of course, that they have not been welded to the said legs 4|. The main bearing 6|) is passed over the tie pin until the grooves 59 and 6| are in complementary relationship, this relationship being determined by looking through the bore 62. Roller bearings 63 are then dropped Vthrough the bore 62 and between said grooves, thus locking the two members together. The rollers 52 are then positioned about the main bearing and held by any suitable means, such as a rubber band, while the core cutters are partially passed thereover, after which the band is removed. The center core cutters, with their bearings, are then placed upon the pin followed by assemblage of the main bearing by screw-threading said main bearing on the threaded end of the pin. The rollers are then placed on the periphery of the last named main bearing and held in position while the' core cutters are placed in position. It is, of course, understood that the lock-type washers have also been placed in position, after which both end trunnions may be screwthreaded within the main bearings and the lock washers locked in position by the locking pins. The trunnions are then welded in place, and the device is ready for use.

The operation, uses and advantages of the invention just described will be apparent to those skilled in the art. The cone type of core cutters will readily chip the formation without in any manner causing a balling of the formation. The gauge or side cutters will cut the formation in such a manner that the cutters will not ball up, and the gauge maintained due to the arrangement of the alternating teeth, which provide teeth at right angles to the axis, and teeth substantially parallel to the axis of each cutter roller. Furthermore, it is intended that liquid be forced through the courses to constantly flush the teeth of the cutters. The angularity of the gauge or side cutters, and the method of providing bearings therefor, reduces wear on the side cutters. The thrust upwardly against the side cutters is distributed through the roller bearings, to the end that friction due to rotation of the gauge or side cutters, is substantially overcome, and the component forces are balanced in such a manner that thrust upon the cutters does not produce a wobble.

We claim:

A rotary bit including a body formed in two body provided with longitudinal bores eii'ecting parts, a pair of cutter discs individually carried independent liquid wash courses through the by each part of the body, a series of cutter discs body above the zone of said cutter discs. jointly carried by both portions of said body,

5 and means for maintaining the two parts of said JOHN T. PHIPPS.

body in working relationship, both parts of said HERMAN C. SMITH.

US14933837 1936-07-22 1937-06-21 Roller bit Expired - Lifetime US2132498A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US91830A US2094856A (en) 1936-07-22 1936-07-22 Roller bit
US14933837 US2132498A (en) 1936-07-22 1937-06-21 Roller bit

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US14933837 US2132498A (en) 1936-07-22 1937-06-21 Roller bit

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2554388A (en) * 1946-01-29 1951-05-22 Thomas H Stancliff Drill
US2654577A (en) * 1947-09-26 1953-10-06 Engineering Lab Inc Drill bit
US2759706A (en) * 1952-09-12 1956-08-21 Reed Roller Bit Co Drill bit
US4727943A (en) * 1987-01-15 1988-03-01 Wood Roy W Rotary drill bit
US20010037902A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2001-11-08 Shilin Chen Force-balanced roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods
WO2002070008A1 (en) 2001-03-02 2002-09-12 Imclone Systems Incorporated Combination methods of inhibiting tumor growth with a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor antagonist
US20030217788A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2003-11-27 Akira Arai Cooling roll, ribbon-shaped magnetic materials, magnetic powders and bonded magnets
US20040105741A1 (en) * 2003-07-14 2004-06-03 Pat Inglese Wet (plastic) and dry concrete reclamation/disposal device
US20040140130A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-07-22 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc., A Delaware Corporation Roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods with optimization of tooth orientation
US20040158445A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-08-12 Shilin Chen Force-balanced roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods
US20040186869A1 (en) * 1999-10-21 2004-09-23 Kenichi Natsume Transposition circuit
US20040230413A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-11-18 Shilin Chen Roller cone bit design using multi-objective optimization
US20040236553A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-11-25 Shilin Chen Three-dimensional tooth orientation for roller cone bits
US20050018891A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2005-01-27 Helmut Barfuss Method and medical device for the automatic determination of coordinates of images of marks in a volume dataset
US20050133273A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2005-06-23 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Roller cone drill bits with enhanced cutting elements and cutting structures
US20050194191A1 (en) * 2004-03-02 2005-09-08 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Roller cone drill bits with enhanced drilling stability and extended life of associated bearings and seals
US20060032674A1 (en) * 2004-08-16 2006-02-16 Shilin Chen Roller cone drill bits with optimized bearing structures
US20060118333A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2006-06-08 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Roller cone bits, methods, and systems with anti-tracking variation in tooth orientation
US7729895B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2010-06-01 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems for designing and/or selecting drilling equipment with desired drill bit steerability
US7860693B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2010-12-28 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems for designing and/or selecting drilling equipment using predictions of rotary drill bit walk
US7860696B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2010-12-28 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems to predict rotary drill bit walk and to design rotary drill bits and other downhole tools
EP2389953A1 (en) 2003-06-09 2011-11-30 Samuel Waksal Method of inhibiting receptor tyrosine kinases with an extracellular antagonist and an intracellular antagonist

Cited By (43)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2554388A (en) * 1946-01-29 1951-05-22 Thomas H Stancliff Drill
US2654577A (en) * 1947-09-26 1953-10-06 Engineering Lab Inc Drill bit
US2759706A (en) * 1952-09-12 1956-08-21 Reed Roller Bit Co Drill bit
US4727943A (en) * 1987-01-15 1988-03-01 Wood Roy W Rotary drill bit
WO1988005492A1 (en) * 1987-01-15 1988-07-28 Wood Roy W Rotary drill bit
US6986395B2 (en) 1998-08-31 2006-01-17 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Force-balanced roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods
US7497281B2 (en) 1998-08-31 2009-03-03 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Roller cone drill bits with enhanced cutting elements and cutting structures
US7334652B2 (en) 1998-08-31 2008-02-26 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Roller cone drill bits with enhanced cutting elements and cutting structures
US20040104053A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-06-03 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for optimizing and balancing roller-cone bits
US20060224368A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2006-10-05 Shilin Chen Force-balanced roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods
US20040140130A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-07-22 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc., A Delaware Corporation Roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods with optimization of tooth orientation
US20040158445A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-08-12 Shilin Chen Force-balanced roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods
US20040167762A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-08-26 Shilin Chen Force-balanced roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods
US20040186700A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-09-23 Shilin Chen Force-balanced roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods
US20040182608A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-09-23 Shilin Chen Force-balanced roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods
US20040182609A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-09-23 Shilin Chen Force-balanced roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods
US20070125579A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2007-06-07 Shilin Chen Roller Cone Drill Bits With Enhanced Cutting Elements And Cutting Structures
US20040230413A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-11-18 Shilin Chen Roller cone bit design using multi-objective optimization
US20040236553A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2004-11-25 Shilin Chen Three-dimensional tooth orientation for roller cone bits
US20060118333A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2006-06-08 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Roller cone bits, methods, and systems with anti-tracking variation in tooth orientation
US20050133273A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2005-06-23 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Roller cone drill bits with enhanced cutting elements and cutting structures
US20010037902A1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2001-11-08 Shilin Chen Force-balanced roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods
US20040186869A1 (en) * 1999-10-21 2004-09-23 Kenichi Natsume Transposition circuit
US20030217788A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2003-11-27 Akira Arai Cooling roll, ribbon-shaped magnetic materials, magnetic powders and bonded magnets
WO2002070008A1 (en) 2001-03-02 2002-09-12 Imclone Systems Incorporated Combination methods of inhibiting tumor growth with a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor antagonist
US20050018891A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2005-01-27 Helmut Barfuss Method and medical device for the automatic determination of coordinates of images of marks in a volume dataset
EP2389953A1 (en) 2003-06-09 2011-11-30 Samuel Waksal Method of inhibiting receptor tyrosine kinases with an extracellular antagonist and an intracellular antagonist
US20040105741A1 (en) * 2003-07-14 2004-06-03 Pat Inglese Wet (plastic) and dry concrete reclamation/disposal device
US9493990B2 (en) 2004-03-02 2016-11-15 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Roller cone drill bits with optimized bearing structures
US20050194191A1 (en) * 2004-03-02 2005-09-08 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Roller cone drill bits with enhanced drilling stability and extended life of associated bearings and seals
US7434632B2 (en) 2004-03-02 2008-10-14 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Roller cone drill bits with enhanced drilling stability and extended life of associated bearings and seals
US7360612B2 (en) 2004-08-16 2008-04-22 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Roller cone drill bits with optimized bearing structures
US20060032674A1 (en) * 2004-08-16 2006-02-16 Shilin Chen Roller cone drill bits with optimized bearing structures
US7778777B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2010-08-17 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems for designing and/or selecting drilling equipment using predictions of rotary drill bit walk
US7860693B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2010-12-28 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems for designing and/or selecting drilling equipment using predictions of rotary drill bit walk
US7860696B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2010-12-28 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems to predict rotary drill bit walk and to design rotary drill bits and other downhole tools
US20110077928A1 (en) * 2005-08-08 2011-03-31 Shilin Chen Methods and systems for design and/or selection of drilling equipment based on wellbore drilling simulations
US7729895B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2010-06-01 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems for designing and/or selecting drilling equipment with desired drill bit steerability
US8145465B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2012-03-27 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems to predict rotary drill bit walk and to design rotary drill bits and other downhole tools
US8296115B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2012-10-23 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems for designing and/or selecting drilling equipment using predictions of rotary drill bit walk
US8352221B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2013-01-08 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems for design and/or selection of drilling equipment based on wellbore drilling simulations
US8606552B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2013-12-10 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems for designing and/or selecting drilling equipment using predictions of rotary drill bit walk
US7827014B2 (en) 2005-08-08 2010-11-02 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and systems for design and/or selection of drilling equipment based on wellbore drilling simulations

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