US2121590A - Vacuum-and gas-tight vessel for electric apparatus - Google Patents

Vacuum-and gas-tight vessel for electric apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US2121590A
US2121590A US134549A US13454937A US2121590A US 2121590 A US2121590 A US 2121590A US 134549 A US134549 A US 134549A US 13454937 A US13454937 A US 13454937A US 2121590 A US2121590 A US 2121590A
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United States
Prior art keywords
vacuum
gas
electric apparatus
molybdenum
alloy
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US134549A
Inventor
Espe Werner
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Siemens Schuckertwerke AG
Siemens AG
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Siemens AG
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Priority to DE2121590X priority Critical
Application filed by Siemens AG filed Critical Siemens AG
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Publication of US2121590A publication Critical patent/US2121590A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J5/00Details relating to vessels or to leading-in conductors common to two or more basic types of discharge tubes or lamps
    • H01J5/02Vessels; Containers; Shields associated therewith; Vacuum locks
    • H01J5/04Vessels or containers characterised by the material thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C29/00Joining metals with the aid of glass
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/12All metal or with adjacent metals
    • Y10T428/12493Composite; i.e., plural, adjacent, spatially distinct metal components [e.g., layers, joint, etc.]
    • Y10T428/12535Composite; i.e., plural, adjacent, spatially distinct metal components [e.g., layers, joint, etc.] with additional, spatially distinct nonmetal component
    • Y10T428/12611Oxide-containing component
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/12All metal or with adjacent metals
    • Y10T428/12493Composite; i.e., plural, adjacent, spatially distinct metal components [e.g., layers, joint, etc.]
    • Y10T428/12639Adjacent, identical composition, components
    • Y10T428/12646Group VIII or IB metal-base
    • Y10T428/12653Fe, containing 0.01-1.7% carbon [i.e., steel]

Description

June 21, 1938.

W. ESPE VACUUM- AND GAS-TIGHT VESSEL FOR ELECTRIC APPARATUS Filed April 2, 1937 l\ L R w I?) I My Q l 10 #4 F? xv/4 /2 /z a w L-] j??? Z.

WITNESSES: A INVENTOR er er E5 2. WM W P ATTORNE Patented June. 21, 1938 UNITED STATES I VACUUM- AND GAS-TIGHT. VESSEL FOR ELECTRIC APPARATUS Werner Espe, Beriin-Siemensstadt, Germany, as

signor to Siemens-Schuck'ert werke Aktiengesellschaft, Berlin-Siemensstadt, Germany, a. corporation of Germany Application April 2, 193'! Serial No. 134,549 In Germany April 9, 1936 3 Claims.

My invention relates to a vacuumand gastight vessel for electric apparatus which consists wholly or in part of metal and which may be employed particularly in electric discharge apparatus.

It is well known in the art to manufacture vacuumand gas-tight vessels for electric discharge apparatus consisting wholly or in part of metal. A variety of metals are employed for the metallic parts of such vessels. In the case of vessels which have portions consisting of insulating material, particularly of glass, such metals or alloys are given the preference whose physical properties are substantially similar to the physfeel properties of the insulating bodies; this applies particularly to the capability of expansion due to heat of the materials to be united with one another. Chromium-iron-alloys are preferred as metal alloys, since they are relatively cheap as compared to metals, such as platinum or the like, and have approximately the same coefficient of expansion as glass. A disadvantage of these known chromium-iron-alloys consists in the fact that they are very hard and, therefore, relatively difficult to machine. Furthermore, in many cases they do not prove to be sumciently vacuumand gas-tight in the case of high power apparatus. Instead of a pure chromium-iron alloy, an alloy is employed according to the invention which contains as an essential constituent a small percentage of molybdenum. This alloy may be, furthermore, mixed with a small amount of silicon, for instance 1%. The other constituents are again chromium and iron, the percentage of chromium amounting preferably to 10-30%.

The novel alloy is characterized by a particularly easy machineability and ensures a better gas and vacuum tightness than the known alloys. The molybdenum is not only advantageous for the production of the alloy but also when the electric discharge device is in operation, since it substantially prevents the oxidation of the chromium. Oxygen compounds of molybdenum are formed which are easily volatile. Furthermore, the molybdenum renders the structure of the alloy more compact, thus increasing the vacuum and gas tightness thereof. detrimental amounts do not occur around the grains, the material is very ductile and may be deformed to any desired shape without there occurring any inter-crystalline fractures and diffusion gaps. A further advantage of this molybdenum alloy consists in the fact that it forms favorable compounds with the adjacent insulating materials (glass andceramic). Thus, for instance, glass may be fused with the molybdenum alloy in a particularly reliable manner, since molybdenum dioxide may be absorbed in a relatively easy manner by the silicates of the insulat- Since oxides in ing materials. The novel material proves to be suitable when soldering it both by the use of hard and soft solders.

The easy machineability of the novel molybdenum alloy makes it possible to manufacture 5 vessels and parts the? eof in any form whatever. Owing to the great ductility of the material it is possible to give portions of the plates the form of sleeves, eyes, lugs and the like which may be employed for the reception of current Junctions. 19 support parts and the like.

In the accompanying drawing is shown two embodiments of my invention. Fig. 1 is a dis-- charge tube in diagrammatic form and Fig. 2 shows a sleeve fused to a part of an electric di'E- 15 charge device.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. 1 the discharge vessel is made of two plates i and 2 of sheet metal The two plates I and 2 were given the form of pots 3 and 4 with the sleeves 5 and l 6. The great ductility of the material renders it possible to give the vessels such forms. The

openings of the sleeves 5 and 6 were closed at the lower end thereof by an asbestos disc and then the sleeve was filled with glass powder which 35 was dielectrically fused. The terminals 1 which were separately vitrified were sealed in the glass plug 8. Instead of glass also other insulating materials, particularly ceramic, may be employed. The electrodes 9 are shown schematically. The 30 flanges of the plates i and 2 are then welded togather.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. 2 the middle portion of the plate I0 of sheet metal wasgiven the form of a sleeve ii. The edge of the plate i0 36 was welded to the edge I! of the vessel jacket I3. The weld is indicated at. The rod i5 is sealed in the insulating body it or soldered therein.

I claim as my invention:

1. A vacuum-tight vessel for electric apparatus 40 consisting in part at least of metal, for electric discharge apparatus, characterized in that the metallic wall parts consist of an alloy which contains besides iron 10-30% chromium,. -5% molybdenum and up to about 1% silicon. 45

2. A discharge vessel in part at least of metal, characterized in that the metallic wall parts consistof an alloy which contains besides iron 20% chromium, 1% molybdenum and /2% silicon.

3. A vacuum-tight container for. a discharge device comprising a metal-wall of 10% to 30% chromium, to 5% molybdenum, up to 1% silicon and the remainder iron, said wall having an opening therethrough, a. flange about said opening, a lead-in conductor spaced from said flange in said opening and insulating material in said opening sealed to said flange and said lead-in conductor.

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US134549A 1936-04-09 1937-04-02 Vacuum-and gas-tight vessel for electric apparatus Expired - Lifetime US2121590A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2444281A (en) * 1946-04-29 1948-06-29 Eitel Mccullough Inc Electron tube
US2450310A (en) * 1944-07-20 1948-09-28 Telegraph Condenser Co Ltd Tubular container for electrical condensers or other apparatus
US2459788A (en) * 1949-01-25 Full-wave rectifier in glass or
US2472942A (en) * 1947-03-18 1949-06-14 Eitel Mccuilough Inc Electron tube
DE754978C (en) * 1939-01-28 1954-01-18 Siemens Ag electric Entladungsgefaess
US3005865A (en) * 1958-03-08 1961-10-24 Svenska Ackumulator Ab Sealing assembly for batteries
US3856515A (en) * 1971-10-26 1974-12-24 Deutsche Edelstahlwerke Gmbh Ferritic stainless steel
US5194697A (en) * 1989-03-21 1993-03-16 Endress U. Hauser Gmbh U. Co. Electrically conductive feedthrough connection and methods of manufacturing same
US5368220A (en) * 1992-08-04 1994-11-29 Morgan Crucible Company Plc Sealed conductive active alloy feedthroughs
US5600530A (en) * 1992-08-04 1997-02-04 The Morgan Crucible Company Plc Electrostatic chuck
US7163121B1 (en) * 1999-07-14 2007-01-16 Swales & Associates, Inc. High temperature isostatic pressure bonding of hollow beryllium pressure vessels using a bonding flange

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2459788A (en) * 1949-01-25 Full-wave rectifier in glass or
DE754978C (en) * 1939-01-28 1954-01-18 Siemens Ag electric Entladungsgefaess
US2450310A (en) * 1944-07-20 1948-09-28 Telegraph Condenser Co Ltd Tubular container for electrical condensers or other apparatus
US2444281A (en) * 1946-04-29 1948-06-29 Eitel Mccullough Inc Electron tube
US2472942A (en) * 1947-03-18 1949-06-14 Eitel Mccuilough Inc Electron tube
US3005865A (en) * 1958-03-08 1961-10-24 Svenska Ackumulator Ab Sealing assembly for batteries
US3856515A (en) * 1971-10-26 1974-12-24 Deutsche Edelstahlwerke Gmbh Ferritic stainless steel
US5194697A (en) * 1989-03-21 1993-03-16 Endress U. Hauser Gmbh U. Co. Electrically conductive feedthrough connection and methods of manufacturing same
US5368220A (en) * 1992-08-04 1994-11-29 Morgan Crucible Company Plc Sealed conductive active alloy feedthroughs
US5600530A (en) * 1992-08-04 1997-02-04 The Morgan Crucible Company Plc Electrostatic chuck
US7163121B1 (en) * 1999-07-14 2007-01-16 Swales & Associates, Inc. High temperature isostatic pressure bonding of hollow beryllium pressure vessels using a bonding flange

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