US2120216A - Brooch assemblage - Google Patents

Brooch assemblage Download PDF

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US2120216A
US2120216A US89726A US8972636A US2120216A US 2120216 A US2120216 A US 2120216A US 89726 A US89726 A US 89726A US 8972636 A US8972636 A US 8972636A US 2120216 A US2120216 A US 2120216A
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frame
clip
clips
ornament
members
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US89726A
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Handman Maurice
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Albert Weiner
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44CPERSONAL ADORNMENTS, e.g. JEWELLERY; COINS
    • A44C1/00Brooches or clips in their decorative or ornamental aspect

Description

June 7, 1938.
M. HANDMAN 2,120,216
BROOCH ASSEMBLAGE I Filed July 9, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet l ENVENTOR Maurice [fwd/22am BY ATTORNEYS June 7, 1938. M HANDMAN 2,120,216
BROOCH ASSEMBLAGE Filed July 9, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR A 25 E 100 Maw'zbe Hand/2m ATT RNEY Patented June 7, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BROOCH ASSEMBLAGEL Application July 9, 1936, Serial No. 89,726
20 Claims.
The present invention relates to a clip brooch assemblage, particularly adapted for women's wear, which may be dismantled into a pair of clips.
In designing assemblages of this character it is most important that the combination be readily assembled or dismantled without difficulty by the wearer thereof, who is usually not most skilled in mechanics, and it is also most desirable that the assemblage be of such character that the clips will not tend to loosen when they are attached in position to form the brooch.
It is therefore among the objects of the present invention to provide an improved clip brooch assemblage which may be readily assembled or dismantled by the wearer thereof, and which when assembled will not tend to fall apart or become loose.
A disadvantage often encountered in .clip brooches arises from the fact that a great many are designed with positive locking means to rigidly secure the clips in position which necessitates exact positioning together of a frame member and of a locking member upon the clip, and often when proper adjustment or assemblies are not made, this rigid securing means will not function properly permitting the clips to become loose.
It is therefore among the further objects of the present invention to provide a clip brooch assemblage of the character described which is substantially devoid of locking means and which will automatically place itself in position in the brooch assemblage without need for the wearer to align most carefully the various component parts thereof.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a simple frame construction, inexpensive to manufacture and which may be readily concealed by the clip assemblage in forming the brooch, which frame may be readily stamped or formed from sheet metal without difficulty, and which frame, although of light weight, will most satisfactorily and rigidly support the clips in a brooch assembly.
Another object is to provide an improved clip assemblage in which the clips will be designed to be assembled on the frame with a minimum of change in their construction with the result that substantially standard finding, mounting and ornament constructions may be employed in making the clips.
Another object is to provide a clip brooch assemblage in which the frame and component clips may be assembled together independent of the jaw members of the clips, which jaw members may be closed or opened without loosening or dismantling the assemblage.
Other objects will be obvious or will appear during the course of the following specification.
In accomplishing the above objects according 5 to oneembodiment of the present invention an H-shaped frame is provided, which is designed to cooperate with two clip members. Said clip members are designed to be inserted between the arms of said H and to be held frictionally in position 10 between and within the arms of said H frame.
In the preferred construction the clips are provided with the usual ornamental face and clasp finding, said clasp finding having a mounting member soldered to said ornamental face and a jaw member pivotally connected to said mounting member.
A protuberance or boss may be formed on the clip member and this protuberance or boss may be made of such width as to closely fitbetween the legs of the H when the clip member is pressed home therewithin to form a double clip assemblage.
On the other hand, the mounting member may be extended below the pivotal connection of the jaw member and provided with such clearance in respect to the ornamental face to permit the H-frame to be pressed into position with the mounting member being frictionally grasped between the legs of the H. 30
If desired, the inner edges of the legs of the H may be slightly converged to form an additional grip on the clip as it is pressed home. If desired, to aid the grip, resilient tongues may be cut on the inside of the legs of the H to cooperate with the pivotal portions of the jaw or mounting member and hold the clip members more tightly in position.
The H frame is preferably stamped out of sheet metal, which sheet metal is of such material and 40 size as to insure a substantially resilient or frictional gripupon the clips. To receive the pin stem joint and catch, one side of the H may be extended or provided with a parallel bar or series of bars upon which such pin stem joint and catch may be mounted as by soldering, welding, or so forth.
In still another construction, the frame member is inserted between the mounting member and the ornament member and the ornament member is bowed or concave to cause a correspondingpbowing or concaving of the thin sheet metal H-frame member. The legs of said frame member may be provided, if desired, with small .55
protuberances to snap past the pivot connections of the jaw members.
In the drawings which illustrate certain features of the present invention, but which have been given merely by way of illustration and not by way of limitation, since many changes and modifications are possible, which are not illustrated:
Fig. 1 is a rear view of the clip brooch assembly showing both clips in position-on the frame; Fig. 2 is a back view similar to Fig. 1 with one of the clips removed and with one of the jaw members partly broken away to show the mounting structure and cooperation of the frame and clip more clearly;
Fig. 3 is a rear view of one of the clips removed from the structure of Fig. 2 with the jaw member in elevated position;
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view upon the line 4-4 of Fig. lwith one of the jaw members elevated;
Fig. 5 is a transverse sectional view upon the line 55 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is a top perspective view of the H-frame of Figs. 1 to 5;
Fig. '7 is a rear view similar to Fig. 2 of a modified frame construction illustrating one of the clips in position thereon;
Fig. 8 is a longitudinal sectional view upon the line 8-8 of Fig. '7;
Fig. 9 is a top perspective view similar to Fig. 6 of the alternative frame construction of Figs. '7 and 8;
Fig. 10 is a rear view of still another clip brooch assemblage;
Fig. 11 is a fragmentary cross sectional view upon the line of Fig. 10 upon a substantially increased scale;
Fig. 12 is a fragmentary cross sectional view upon the line |2|2 of Fig. 10 upon a substantially enlarged scale; and I Fig. 13 is a top perspective view of the frame structure of Figs. 10 to 12.
Referring to Figs. 1 to 6, the clip members A are each provided with ornament members B, shown only in outline, mounting members C, soldered to said ornament members, and jaw members D, pivotally connected to said mounting members C. Cooperating with said clip membars A is the frame member E to form the clip brooch assemblage, as shown best in Figs. 1, 2 and 4.
As shown in Figs. 1 to 3, the jaw members are stamped out, as indicated at It and II, to cooperate with the ornament members B and at their rear ends they are slit as indicated at l2 to form the tongues l3, which are turned over at their rear ends as shown at M to embrace the pivot pins |5 (see particularly Fig. 5).
The pivot pins l5 extend through the side ears l6 of the mounting member C. The base I! of the mounting member C is soldered to the rear of the ornament B and the back I8 of the mounting member is turned up as best shown in Fig. 4 to cooperate with the middle tongue IQ of the jaw member D. The middle tongue l9 serves as an integral spring tongue to bias the jaw member D to closed position as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, or open position as shown in Fig. 3.
-The teeth 20 and 2| of the jaw member D are formed when the portions l0 and I are stamped out.
In the present embodiment as is shown best in Fig. 5, the ornament member is provided with an upstanding boss 22 which is just of sufficient width to be received most tightly in the space 23 between the legs 24 of the H-frame E. If desired, the space 23 may converge toward the cross piece 25, which acts as a stop against the boss 22 when the clips have been inserted up to the maximum extent in the H-frame E. The ends of the legs 24 are preferably rounded as indicated at 26.
One side of the H-frame structure E is provided with an extension 21, which extension is provided with two outstanding legs 28, said legs receiving the pin stem pivot mount 29 and the locking catch 30 between which extends the pin 3|.
To assemble the clips with the jaws D turned up in the position shown in Fig. 3 or down as shown in Fig. 2, they may be slipped on to the H-frame E with the bosses 22 fitting into the recesses 23 between the legs 24 of said H-frame. As shown in Fig. 5 the boss 22 is formed upon the ornament B, but if desired the boss 22 could be omitted and the sides of the mounting member C might be stepped to be received between the legs 24 of the H-frame. The clips are normally pushed in until the boss 22 or the mounting member C strikes the cross bar 25 of the frame E. When in this position the pin and catch combination 29, 30 and 3| may be utilized to permit the assemblage of Fig. 1 to be attached to garments as a brooch.
It will be noted that there is always sufficient clearance at 32 below the pivot portions IQ of the jaw to enable the jaw to be swung upwardly as shown in Fig. 3, or downwardly as shown in Fig. 2, without interference with said H-frame, said H-frame holding the clips A altogether independently of the jaws D. An overhanging element should be provided on the mounting member l8 or upon the boss 22. The overhanging element 33 as indicated in Fig. 5, prevents the clips from being dislodged transversely in respect tosaid H-frame E.
It is apparent that the applicant has provided a simple, light weight, inexpensive frame E which may be readily stamped from sheet metal and which may be readily concealed by the ornaments B when the final brooch assemblage is utilized as indicated in Fig. 1.
There is no locking means or rigid securing means to hold the clips A in position and they are solely secured by way of frictional engagement between the H-frame E and the clips A. If desired, the jaws D may even be omitted if it is not desired to use the clip elements A as such and where it is desired merely to have a series of replaceable ornament members to be assembled with the frame E.
In the copending application, Serial No. 42,726 filed September 30, 1935, are shown other types of frames, particularly T frames, which may be employed for the assemblage of the present application, which application broadly covers H, T, X and other shaped frames, receiving a plurality of clips or clasps or earrings to form a clip brooch assembly.
In the embodiment of Figs. 7 to 9, similarly functioning parts being indicated by the same numerals primed, the H-frame is slitted as indicated at 50 on the interior sides of the legs 24'. This provides a series of tongues 5|, which as shown in Fig. 8, may press against the interior edge 52 of the ornament members B to give an enhanced frictional grip. If desired, the bending of the tongues 5| may be controlled to give a suitable amount of frictional grip.
Referring to the embodiment of Figs. 10 to 13, similarly functioning parts being indicated by the-same numerals provided with a superior 2, the frame E is received by the mounting members C which are soldered as indicated at I! :directly to the back of the-ornament.
It will be noted that the back of the ornament :13 is concaved at I so as to bend the sides of the frame E upwardly as indicated best in Fig. 12. Thiswill give an enhanced frictional engage-- ment between the frame E and the clip structure A As indicatedbest in Figs. 11 and 13, the legs 24 are provided with bosses BI which snap under the roll portions 14 0f the jaw members D the .little snap or click resulting giving an indicationthat the clips A have been pressed home.
It will be noted that the clips are positioned back to back at illl along straight surfacesor, if desired, the surfaces may be offset so as to provide a better-engagement.
The invention however is not intended to be restricted to any particular construction or arrangement of parts or to any particular application of any such construction or to any specific method of assemblage or manner 'of use, or to any of the various details thereofgherein shown and described, as the same may be modified in various particulars or be applied in many varied relations without departing from thespirit and scope of the claimed invention, the practical embodiments'herein illustrated and described merely showing some of the various features entering into the application of the invention.
This application is a continuation in part of the .copending application, Serial No. 42,726,.filed September 30, 1935.
The present .application differs from the copending application ,Ser. No. 42,726, filed September 30, 1935 in that the clips in this application are retained frictionally between the legs of the frame members. Although the frame members have been cut away or recessed or aperture-d to receive the jaw members of the clips, it is usually not necessary or desirable to form openings in said frames to receive the individual teeth or to match the individual teeth of said clips. By the expression clip finding as utilized in the specification and claims is included the various sheet metal structures positioned on the back of the ornamental face, particularly the toothed jaw member, the box-like mounting member being usually connected by soldering to the back of the ornament. It will be noted in Fig. 4 that the frame member of Fig. 6 lies between the back jaw .D and the ornamental face A when the complete assembly is made. It will further be noted that it is possible to slide the clips into position without elevating the jaw members, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4 and with the jaw members closed, as best shown in Figs. 2 and 5.
I claim:
1. In an article of jewelry the combination of an H-frame having a plurality of leg members and clasp members adapted to be received upon said leg members and frictionally held in position thereon, each clasp member having an ornament face and a finding including means mounted on said clasp member to the rear of said ornament face for engaging the legs of said frame on one side of said frame, said legs being positioned on both sides of and embracing said last mentioned means.
2. In an article of jewelry the combination comprising a frame, said frame being provided with a plurality of parallel, oppositely directed leg members and a plurality of clasp members to be fitted :upon said leg members, said 'clasp member and said frictional engagements being formed "by said mounting member being inserted between said leg members andby said leg members engaging said clasp on both sides of said mounting member.
3. In an article of jewelry the combination comprising :a frame, :said "frame being provided with a plurality of parallel, oppositely directed leg members and a plurality of clasp members to be fitted upon said leg members, said clasp members and said leg members being provided with frictional locking engagements, said frictional locking engagement being provided by inserting said clasp members between said leg members.
'4. In an article of jewelry, -a'-sub-'combination comprisinga clip having an ornamental fface,:-said facecarrying-a boss, amounting member soldered to said boss and a jaw member pivotally .connected to said mounting member, said boss being designed to be received in .a mounting frame.
*5. In anarticle .of jewelry, asub-combination comprising a clip having an ornamental :face, said face carrying a boss, a mounting member soldered. to :said boss and a jaw member pivotally connected to said mounting member, said boss being designed to be :received in a mounting frame, and a frame including two parallel arms between which said boss .is :to be inserted.
'6. A brooch comprising a frame having an elongated member comprising a plurality' of leg 5" members and receiving a pin and catch combination, and clasp members inserted between and in frictional engagement with said leg members.
7. In a brooch, the combination with a frame body member having a plurality of legs, of a pair of clips, said clips each including a jaw member, a mounting member pivotally connected to said jaw member, an ornament, a boss integral with said ornament and soldered to .said mounting member, and receiver slots positioned adjacent to said mounting member and between said jaw and ornament members, said boss being inserted between said legs, said legs being spaced to afforda frictional engagement.
8. An article of jewelry comprising an H- shaped frame member, and a pair of clips inserted back to back between the legs of the frame, said legs each frictionally engaging the back of each of said clips. 7
9. An article of jewelry comprising a frame member with a plurality of oppositely directed 'legs and a pair of clips arranged in back to back relationship inserted between said legs, said legs each frictionally engaging the back of each ofsaid clips.
10. In a clip brooch assembly, a pair of clips in back to back relationship extending away from each other in the same plane, said clips each including a clip finding and an ornament, and a connecting frame inserted so that its plane will be between the planes of the jaw member of said finding and ornament on each clip, said frame being provided with parallel outwardly extending legs embracing and frictionally engaging said clip findings.
11. In a clip brooch assembly, a pair of clips in back to back relationship extending away from each other in the same plane, said clips each including a clip finding having a jaw element and a mounting element having a hinge connection and said clips also including an ornament, a slot being formed on each side of said mounting member between said ornament and hinge connection and a connecting frame inserted into said slots, said frame being provided with parallel outwardly extending legs embracing and frictionally engaging said clip findings.
12. In a clip brooch assembly, a pair of clips in back to back relationship extending away from each other in the same plane, said clips each including a clip finding and an ornament, each ornament being integrally provided with a connecting boss to which said finding is soldered, said boss being narrower than the portion of the finding soldered to it and a connecting frame having spaced arms inserted to embrace said boss and between said ornament and said finding.
13. In a clip brooch assembly, a pair of clips in back to back relationship extending away from each other in the same plane, said clips each including a clip finding and an ornament, and a connecting frame inserted between said finding and ornament on each frame, said connecting frame being bowed by the clips to give a better frictional grip, said frame being provided with parallel outwardly extending legs embracing and frictionally engaging said clip findings.
14. In a clip brooch assembly, a pair of clips in back to back relationship extending away from each other in the same plane, said clips each including a clip finding and an ornament, and a connecting frame inserted between said finding and ornament on each frame, said frame being provided with two protuberances which snap under a portion of said clip finding when said clips have been pressed home, said frame being provided with parallel outwardly extending legs embracing and frictionally engaging said clip findmgs.
15. An ornament comprising an ornament face and a mounting frame, said ornament face and said mounting frame being provided with interengaging means, said means consisting of telescoping elements, one carried by the ornament face and the other carried by the mounting frame, said telescoping elements on said mounting frame consisting of a pair of parallel outwardly directed legs and on said ornament face including a mounting element soldered to the back of the ornament face and a toothed jaw pivotally connected to said mounting element.
16. An ornament comprising an ornament face and a mounting frame, said ornament face and said mounting frame being provided with interengaging means, said means consisting of telescoping elements, one carried by the ornament face and the other carried by the mounting frame, said ornament face carrying a toothed jaw back which is devoid of engagement with said mounting frame, said telescoping elements on said mounting frame consisting of a pair of parallel outwardly directed legs and on said ornament face including a mounting element soldered to the back of the ornament face, said toothed jaw being pivotally connected to said mounting element.
17. A brooch clip comprising a clip including a longitudinal ornament with a central longitudinal axis and a clip finding soldered to the back of said ornament, said finding including a mounting member, a toothed jaw member and a pivotal connection between said members, transverse to said axis and a brooch frame carrying a pin and catch and also carrying a plurality of parallel attachment extensions adapted to be slid into connection in the direction of said central axis with said clip finding when said jaw member is closed against said ornament without engagement with the teeth of said jaw member.
18. A brooch clip comprising two clips positioned back to back with a common longitudinal axis and clip findings soldered to the backs of said ornaments, each said finding including a mounting member, a toothed jaw member and a pivotal connection between said members, transverse to said axis and a brooch frame carrying a pin and catch and also carrying a plurality of parallel attachment extensions adapted to be slid into connection in the direction of said central axis with each said clip finding when said jaw member is closed against said ornament without engagement with the teeth of said jaw member.
19. A double clip brooch comprising a pair of clips with ornamental face jaw members and clip findings attached to the backs of said face members, said findings each including a mounting element, a toothed back element and a pivotal connection between said elements, and a pin frame to engage each of said clip findings, said pin frame being provided with outwardly extending extensions which frictionally engage said clip findings without engaging the teeth of said back element and said clips being each provided with a guideway transverse to said pivotal connection to engage said extensions.
20. A double clip brooch comprising a pair of clips with ornamental face jaw members and clip findings attached to the backs of said face members, said findings each including a mounting element, a toothed back element and a pivotal connection between said elements, and a pin frame to engage each of said clip findings, said frame having means to engage each of said clip findings on both sides of said mounting element without lifting said back elements or engaging the teeth of said back elements.
MAURICE HANDMAN.
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2423905A (en) * 1943-11-24 1947-07-15 Preformed Parts Inc Earring
US2863306A (en) * 1956-04-27 1958-12-09 Coro Inc Combination brooch and earring with cover means for the brooch pin
US20100186448A1 (en) * 2009-01-23 2010-07-29 Cathyann Sarra Apparatus for securing an ornament to a textile
US20110120187A1 (en) * 2009-11-23 2011-05-26 Lisa Carol Broder Jewelry Kit, Articles of Jewelry, and Associated Devices and Methods Thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2423905A (en) * 1943-11-24 1947-07-15 Preformed Parts Inc Earring
US2863306A (en) * 1956-04-27 1958-12-09 Coro Inc Combination brooch and earring with cover means for the brooch pin
US20100186448A1 (en) * 2009-01-23 2010-07-29 Cathyann Sarra Apparatus for securing an ornament to a textile
US8266768B2 (en) * 2009-01-23 2012-09-18 Cathyann Sarra Apparatus for securing an ornament to a textile
US20110120187A1 (en) * 2009-11-23 2011-05-26 Lisa Carol Broder Jewelry Kit, Articles of Jewelry, and Associated Devices and Methods Thereof

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