US2084648A - Steel floor construction - Google Patents

Steel floor construction Download PDF

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US2084648A
US2084648A US717179A US71717934A US2084648A US 2084648 A US2084648 A US 2084648A US 717179 A US717179 A US 717179A US 71717934 A US71717934 A US 71717934A US 2084648 A US2084648 A US 2084648A
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girders
columns
girder
spaced
column
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Macmillan Abram
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Macmillan Abram
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/43Floor structures of extraordinary design; Features relating to the elastic stability; Floor structures specially designed for resting on columns only, e.g. mushroom floors

Description

June 22, 1937. y A. M MILLAN STEEL FLOOR CONSTRUCTION Filed March 24, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet l Patented June 22, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT FFiQE Application March 24,

17 Claims.

A primary object or" this invention is to provide an improved structural steel floor construction for buildings which will have the required strength and rigidity with materially less Weight of steel than has heretofore been used in steel building construction.

This is accomplished in general by using a pair of girders spaced one on each side of each row of columns and so constructed and supported as to give each girder the elTect of being continuous throughout its length, and of further stiffening and strengthening it by spreading or enlarging the column brackets so as to materially shorten the unsupported girder span. By this arrangement too the beams connecting the girders areshortened, thereby permitting them to be made of lighter sections. Also some of the beams adjacent the columns are carried directly thereon and, though made up of shorter lengths, are secured together by heavy splice plates, so that they virtually become continuous cross girders having the same strength and rigidity throughout their length. The panel thus provided is of much smaller dimensions than that between columns.

Referring to the drawings:

Figure 1 is a plan View of a portion of a floor embodying one form of the invention;

Fig. 2 is a partial enlarged plan view of the moment splice of Fig. 1 showing the top splice plate removed; v

Fig. 3 is a similar view of the fiange splices of Fi 1;.

Fig.4is a view on the line 4 of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is. a partial enlarged plan view of the crossing girders showing their attachment to the column;

6 is a view similar to Fig.1 showing a modified form of the invention;

. Figs. 7 and 8 are partial enlarged details of column-support taken on lines I and 8 of Figs. 1 and 5; and

Fig. 9 is a view similar to Fig. 6 showing another modification of the invention.

The embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1 comprises a steel fioor construction supported on inside columns A, and includes spaced girders I0, H in one direction located on opposite sides of one line of columns, and spacedcross girders l2, l3 on opposite sides of the columns at right angles to the first line of girders.

The girder I is made up of structural sections, preferably I-beams, I0 I6 I 0, etc., securedtogether by means of riveted moment splice plates 13 (Fig. 2) above and below the sections 1934, Serial No. 717,179

in a well known manner, the webs of the l-ceams being secured together by connecting angles it. The girder H is ilkewise made up of a plurality of structural members set end to end and connected by means of moment splice plates, so that the girders have substantially the same moment of resistance throughout their length and result in continuity of action in the girders.

It will also be observed that girder sections lfl and li as illustrated in Fig. l are or" two panel lengths. If desired, they could be of three or more panel lengths, or they could be of a single panel length. In this type they are preferably multiples of panel lengths.

The cross girder I2 is made up of a number of relatively short I-beam members l2 l2, i12 [2 I2 etc., which are also connected by means of moment splice plates 3, flange splice plates C, and connecting angles. The girder i3 is made up in the same Way. Cross girders i and iii are similar to cross girders l2 and 13, except that no moment splice plates 13 are used, all the splices being made by means of flange splice plates C.

The flange splice plate 0 is used as shown in Fig. 3 for tying two cross girders where they stop on opposite sides of a continuous girder, whereas the moment splice plate It (Fig. 2) is used for securing together the meeting ends of four girder members. In all cases, however, the full strength and rigidity of the girder sections are preserved by these splice plates.

This system of spaced crossed girders is secured to the supporting columns A by means of column brackets IT, l8, which are secured to the girder members 12 I3 -by means ofconnecting angles IS. The column brackets are secured to the column by supporting angles 2t, 25, the latter being reinforced by an angle member 22 riveted to the column.

This provides a panel bounded by the girders ll, l5, l0 and 13 which is of much less area than that afforded by the column spacing. This panel is divided by beams 23, 24, which are secured at their ends to the girders by connecting angles which are not shown in detail as they are common practice and are similar to angles E4. The splice plates have been removed in certain figures, particularly Fig. 6, to show more clearly how the girders are arranged.

Any desired unsupported length of girders or beams can be had by making the lengths of brackets, as [2 and I1, between pairs of girders to suit. The longer the brackets, the shorter the unsupported lengths of girders and beams.

This arrangement of girders in spaced pairs has certain outstanding advantages from the standpoint of the structural engineer. For example, (1) it permits the girders to be calculated as continuous beams (which is much stronger and stiffer for a given spacing and loading than is a can in turn be made lighter, thereby greatly reducing the total weight of steel in a building.

This system of framing is designed to carry any suitable fioor deck (not shown) such as tile or concrete, which are assembled in the frame in any well known manner.

Another decided advantage of this system is that it leaves the spaces between the columns and in line therewith free, thereby providing ample and unobstructed pipe spaces for the insertion of water, steam and waste pipes, etc. It is common practice to place the permanent partitions on the column lines and to place the piping therein. Thus pipe spaces have to be provided for in the building as constructed but the presence of steel girders between columns makes changes in the piping difiicult after the building is completed. The present construction is ideal in this respect in that it permits easy changes in the piping at any time because of the absence of girders at the partitions.

In Fig. 6 is shown a modification of the invention in which the spaced girders in both directions are made up of girder sections each of a panel length arranged so that they cross each other intermediate the length of each section so that flange splice plates top and bottom and the connecting angles are all that is needed to carry the full strength of each section across the splice and provide the equivalent of a continuous girder supported at points intermediate its length. The spaced girders H0, H I are made up of sections llil llll H0 etc., and Ill Hl lll etc., and these are crossed by girders H2, H3, made up of sections HZ 2 H2 2 These intersecting girders are carried on the inside columns A, A by means of column brackets Ill, H8 which are secured to the column and to the cross girders in the same manner as the column brackets I F, iii, Figures 7 and 8 being identical for the two frame constructions. The crossing girders are connected by flange splice plates C and by connecting angles riveted to their webs, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4. Figs. '7 and 8 apply also to Fig. 6 except for differences in reference numerals.

The corner column A and the side columns A carry side girders H9, i213 which are preferably in line with these columns and which may be made much deeper and heavier than the inside girders, particularly on tall buildings where wind loads must be provided for. The manner of securing these outside girders to columns by connecting angles is not illustrated as it is well known. The same is true of the connections between beams !23, H4 and the girders. The framing at the outside columns preferably follows that described for the inside columns and will be clearly understood from Fig. 6 in which most of the flange splice plates C have been omitted for clearness. The girders spaced just inside the outside columns A and A may be omitted, if desired, and the girders and beams carried to the side girders HQ, etc. The construction of Fig. 6 has the advantage of reducing the number of different members to be used in a given floor since they are largely duplicates for a uniform column spacing.

In Fig. 9 is shown another modification of the invention similar to Fig. 6 in which the beams l23, [2t (Fig. 6) are omitted, and in which the girders 2H], 2i l, H? and 213 are equally spaced to form panels D, E, F, G, H, etc., which are preferably square and of equal area. Thus the column brackets 2H, 2? are attached to the columns and girders, as shown in Figs. 7 and 8, but now have a length of about half the column spacing. These panels can be economically filled with a flat slab of concrete and reinforced with steel rods crossed to lie in both directions of the slab.

If desired, the crossed girders 2H], "2H2, etc., may be supported by column brackets in the form of an X running diagonally both waysof the panel G and attaching to the girders at their points of intersection.

A continuous girder or beam supported intermediate its length as is herein shown and described is calculated as a beam fixed at both ends with greatly increased strength and rigidity, whereas in the usual steel building construction each girder section ends at a column and hence can only be calculated as a beam supported at both ends.

The girders could be placed against the sides of the columns and obtain the benefit of continuity of action, but to do so would sacrifice some of the advantages of having them spaced from the columns as pointed out above.

Thus it will be seen that this construction permits the use of beams and girders of the same 4 depth throughout so that no girders extend below the ceilings. Thus partition walls can now be placed without regard to the location of floor girders or beams.

While I have shown and described but a few embodiments of my invention, it is to be understood that it is capable of many modifications. Changes, therefore, in the construction and arrangement may be made which do not depart from the spirit and scope of the invention as disclosed in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A steel building construction comprising spaced columns arranged in rows, main loadcarrying girders arranged in pairs, one on each side of each row of inside columns and spaced therefrom, to the exclusion of main load-carrying girders on the center line of columns, cross beams carried by the main girders, and means for supporting the girders on the columns, each main girder being made up of sections spliced together in alignment so as to develop the full strength of the girder so that each girder has continuity of action throughout its length.

2. In a structural steel floor construction, spaced columns arranged in rows, main loadcarrying girders arranged in pairs, one girder on each side of each row of inside columns and spaced therefrom, to the exclusion of main loadcarrying girders on the center line of columns, cross girders similarly arranged at right angles to the first-mentioned girders, the girders being spliced at the points of intersection so as to develop the full strength of all the girders across said points so that the girders have continuity of action throughout their length, and means for supporting the girders on the columns.

3. In a structural steel floor construction, spaced columns arranged in rows, main loadcarrying girders arranged in pairs, one girder on each side of each row of inside columns, to the exclusion of main load-carrying girders on the center line of columns, cross girders similarly arranged at right angles to the first-mentioned girders, the girders being spliced at the points of intersection so as to develop the full strength of all the girders across said points so that the girders have continuity of action throughout their length, and means for supporting the girders on the columns, said girders being uniformly spaced to provide. panels of about one-fourth the area of that between columns.

.4. In a structural steel floor construction, spaced columnsarranged in rows, main loadcarrying girders arranged in pairs, one on each side of eachrowof inside columns and spaced therefrom, to the exclusion of main load-carrying girders on the center line of columns, column brackets for securing the girders to the columns but spacing the girders from the columns so as to reduce thedistance between adjacent girders of adjacent rows of columns, and spaced beams connecting a girder of one pair with the nearest girder of the next pair.

5. In a structural steel floor construction, spaced columns arranged in rows, main loadcarrying girders arranged in pairs, one on each side of each row of inside columns and. spaced therefrom, to the exclusion of main load-carrying girders on the center line of columns, column brackets for securing the girders to the columns but spacing the girders from the columns so as to reduce the distance between adjacent girders of adjacent rows of columns, and spaced beams connecting a girder of one pair with the nearest girder of the next pair, the girders being supported at points intermediate the'columns.

6. In a structural steel floor construction, spaced columns arranged in rows, main loadcarrying girders arranged in pairs, one on each side of each row of inside columns, and spaced therefrom, to the exclusion of main load-carrying girders on the center line of columns, column brackets for securing the girders to the columns but spacing the girders from the columns so as to reduce the distance between adjacent girders of adjacent rows of columns, and spaced beams connecting a girder of one pair with the nearest girder of the next pair, the length of certain of the girder sections being equal to a plurality of column spacings.

7. In a structural steel building construction, spaced columns arranged in rows at right angles to each other, main load-carrying girders arranged in pairs, certain of said pairs being at right angles to the others, one of each lying on each side of one row of inside columns, to the exclusion of main load-carrying girders on the column lines, said girders being secured to each other at the points of intersection so as to develop the full strength of each girder across the point of intersection, and means for supporting certain of said girders on the columns at points between the columns.

8. In a structural steel building construction, spaced columns arranged in rows at right angles to each other, main load-carrying girders arranged in pairs, certain of said pairs being at right angles to the others, one of each pair lying on each side of one row of inside columns, to the exclusion of main load-carrying girders on the column lines, said girders being secured to each other at the points of intersection so as to develop the full strength of each girder across the point of intersection, one member of each intersecting pair passing continuously through the point of intersection, and means for supporting certain of said girders on the columns at points between the columns.

9. A structural steel floor construction comprising a series of longitudinal girders and a series of transverse girders intersecting to form parallelograms, means for securing girder sections at the points of intersection whereby the full strength of the girder extends through said points of intersection, columns extending to points Within certain of said parallelograms, preferably substantially centrally thereof, and brackets mounted on the columns and connected to certain of the girders whereby the girder structure is supported on the columns, all to the exclusion of main load-carrying girders on the center lines of the columns.

10. A steel floor construction supported on columns, said construction comprising a group of four girders spaced from a supporting column and arranged about the same to form a parallelogram, one end of each girder terminating at a point intermediate another girder of the group and secured thereto, and means for supporting said girders on the column within the paralle1- ogram.

11. A steel floor construction supported on columns arranged in rows longitudinally and transversely and comprising a group of four girders spaced from a supporting column and arranged about the same to form a parallelogram, one end of each girder terminating at a point intermediate another girder of the group and secured thereto, and means for supporting said girders on the column within the parallelogram, the other end of each girder terminating at a point intermediate a girder of another group to which it is secured.

12. A steel floor construction supported on columns arranged in rows longitudinally and transversely and comprising a group of four girders spaced from a supporting column and arranged about the same to form a parallelogram, one end of each girder terminating at a point intermediate another girder of the group and secured thereto, and means for supporting said girders on the column within the parallelogram, the other end of certain of said girders being secured to a girder of another group of four girders at a point intermediate the length of the last mentioned girder.

13. In a floor construction, a row of columns, a main load-carrying girder longer than the column spacing and passing two columns in a row and spaced therefrom, means for firmly anchoring said girder at points beyond said two columns and means carried by said two columns for anchoring said girder at two intermediate points between the columns whereby the girder has fixed ends and has an effective unsupported length considerably less than the distance between columns, said anchoring means and said girders being in the same plane.

14. In a floor construction, a row of columns, a main load-carrying girder longer than the column spacing and passing two columns in a row and spaced therefrom, means for firmly anchoring said girder at points beyond said two columns and means carried by said two columns for anchoring said girder at two intermediate points between said two columns whereby the girder has fixed ends and has an effective unsupported length considerably less than the distance between columns, and cross beams secured to the girder at the two intermediate points and two other cross beams secured to the girder at spaced points between the first-mentioned cross beams.

15. In a floor construction, a row of columns, a main load-carrying girder composed of sections in end-abutting relation, these sections being so connected as to form a girder substantially having continuity of action throughout, said girder passing two columns in a row and spaced there from, means carried by said columns for firmly anchoring said girder at points beyond the columns and means carried by said columns for anchoring said girder at two intermediate points between said two columns whereby said girder has an effective unsupported length considerably less than the distance between columns, a second row of columns, a second main load-carrying girder similar to the first and similarly carried by the second row of columns, the two girders facing each other on adjacent sides of the rows, and cross beams of considerably less length than the column spacing connected at their ends to the girders.

16. In a floor construction, a row of columns, a main load-carrying girder composed of sections in end-abutting relation, these sections being so connected as to form a girder substantially havin'g continuity of action throughout, said girder passing two columns in a row and spaced therefrom, means carried by said columns for firmly anchoring said girder at points beyond the columns and means carried by said columns for anchoring said girder at two intermediate points between said two columns whereby said girder has an effective unsupported length considerably less than the distance between columns, a second row of columns, a second main load-carrying girder similar to the first and similarly carried by the second row of columns, the two girders facing each other on adjacent sides of the rows, cross beams of considerably less length than the column spacing connected at their ends to the girders at the two intermediate points, and two other cross beams secured to the girder at points intermediate the first-mentioned cross beams.

17. In a structural steel floor construction, spaced columns arranged in rows, main loadcarrying girders arranged in pairs, one girder on each side of each row of inside columns and spaced therefrom to the exclusion of main loadcarrying girders on the center line of columns, cross girders similarly arranged at right angles to the first-mentioned girders, the girders being secured together so as to develop the full strength of all the girders across said points so that the girders have continuity of action throughout their length, and means for supporting the girders on the columns.

' ABRAM MACMILLAN

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2465613A (en) * 1945-09-04 1949-03-29 Charles C Bruestle Structural beam system
US2477256A (en) * 1947-09-17 1949-07-26 Frank N Kneas Cantilever floor structure
US2616529A (en) * 1945-10-05 1952-11-04 Angus Snead Macdonald Corp Building structure
US2979169A (en) * 1954-08-16 1961-04-11 Yolles Morden Saul Building structure
US3844063A (en) * 1972-12-12 1974-10-29 Mc Graw Edison Co Ironer canopy
DE2314373A1 (en) * 1973-03-22 1974-11-14 8033 Planegg Traegerkonstruktion
US3952472A (en) * 1972-10-05 1976-04-27 Boehmig Robert L Joint for transferring bending moments
US20040182020A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2004-09-23 Jacob O. Berry Monumental, stainless-steel cross with I-beam and cable structure
US20090077758A1 (en) * 2007-09-21 2009-03-26 Groupe Canam Inc. Bridge deck panel

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2465613A (en) * 1945-09-04 1949-03-29 Charles C Bruestle Structural beam system
US2616529A (en) * 1945-10-05 1952-11-04 Angus Snead Macdonald Corp Building structure
US2477256A (en) * 1947-09-17 1949-07-26 Frank N Kneas Cantilever floor structure
US2979169A (en) * 1954-08-16 1961-04-11 Yolles Morden Saul Building structure
US3952472A (en) * 1972-10-05 1976-04-27 Boehmig Robert L Joint for transferring bending moments
US3844063A (en) * 1972-12-12 1974-10-29 Mc Graw Edison Co Ironer canopy
DE2314373A1 (en) * 1973-03-22 1974-11-14 8033 Planegg Traegerkonstruktion
US20040182020A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2004-09-23 Jacob O. Berry Monumental, stainless-steel cross with I-beam and cable structure
US6945003B2 (en) * 2003-03-21 2005-09-20 Berry Jacob O Monumental, stainless-steel cross with I-beam and cable structure
US20090077758A1 (en) * 2007-09-21 2009-03-26 Groupe Canam Inc. Bridge deck panel

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