US2077667A - Odometer - Google Patents

Odometer Download PDF

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Publication number
US2077667A
US2077667A US756788A US75678834A US2077667A US 2077667 A US2077667 A US 2077667A US 756788 A US756788 A US 756788A US 75678834 A US75678834 A US 75678834A US 2077667 A US2077667 A US 2077667A
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Prior art keywords
shaft
cam
resetting
driving
units
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Expired - Lifetime
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US756788A
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Harvey L Spaunburg
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Veeder-Root Co
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Veeder-Root Co
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Priority to US756788A priority Critical patent/US2077667A/en
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Publication of US2077667A publication Critical patent/US2077667A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06MCOUNTING MECHANISMS; COUNTING OF OBJECTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06M1/00Design features of general application
    • G06M1/28Design features of general application for zeroising or setting to a particular value
    • G06M1/34Design features of general application for zeroising or setting to a particular value using reset shafts
    • G06M1/343Design features of general application for zeroising or setting to a particular value using reset shafts with drums
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C22/00Measuring distance traversed on the ground by vehicles, persons, animals, or other moving solid bodies, e.g. using odometers, using pedometers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06MCOUNTING MECHANISMS; COUNTING OF OBJECTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06M1/00Design features of general application
    • G06M1/04Design features of general application for driving the stage of lowest order
    • G06M1/06Design features of general application for driving the stage of lowest order producing continuous revolution of the stage, e.g. with gear train
    • G06M1/062Design features of general application for driving the stage of lowest order producing continuous revolution of the stage, e.g. with gear train for drum type indicating means

Description

April 20, 1937. H. 1.. SPAUNBURG ODOMETER Filed Dec. 10, 1954 INVENTOR: l/mv I ATTOR E'Y.

Patented Apr. 20, 1937 PATENT OFFICE ODOMETER Harvey L. Spaunburg, Bristol, Conn., assignor to Veeder-Root Incorporated, a corporation of Connecticut Application'December 10, 1934, Serial No. 756,788

12 Claims.

My invention relates to odometers.

It has among its objects to provide an improved odometer of the trip section type adapted to use on automobiles or the like. A further object of my invention is to provide such an improved construction having an improved drive and, more particularly, an improved drive whereby, while retaining the advantages of a quick reset, it is made possible to eliminate objectionable automatic resetting'during backing of the vehicle. A still further object of my invention is to provide an improved trip section of the quick reset type adapted to accomplish the above I advantageous results and utilizing a shaft which is stationary during forward movement of the vehicle, while requiring no longitudinal move-,

ment at any time during the operation of the device.

provide an improved clutch mechanism for operatively connecting this shaft during the quick In the accompanying drawing I have shown for purposes of illustration one embodiment which my invention may assume in practice.

In the drawing,-

Figure 1 is a view partially in side elevation and partially in longitudinal section showing my improved drive applied to a .standard type of counter, certain parts being broken away to facilitate illustration and the parts being illus- 35 trated in resetting position;

Fig. 2 is a detail view of a portion of the mechanism shown in Fig. 1, the parts being shown in normal driving position;

Fig. 3 is a sectional view on line 3-3 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a sectional view on line 4--4 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is a sectional view on line 5-5 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 6 is a sectionahriew on line 5-5 of Fig. 1, but looking in the opposite direction to show one of the resetting pawls, and

In this illustrative construction'I have shown my improved drive applied to a trip section of a well known internal transfer type described and claimed in a co-pending application of Ed- 50 ward A. Slye, now issued as Patent No. 2,004,881,

and having-a reset knob K, this trip section being herein improved as will hereinafter appear. As usual in thistype of counter, it will be noted thatthe units or number wheels I, 2, 3 55 and 4 are connected by usual internal transfer mechanisms, one of which is generally indicated at 5, while the several wheels are arranged coaxially of a main shaft 6 and driven'through improved connections hereinafter described from a rotating part I, herein a spur gear suitably Another object of my invention is to Fig. '7 is a sectional view on line II of Fig. 1.

connected to the vehicle wheels. Moreover, as usual in this type of counter, it will be understood that each number wheel I, 2 and 3 includes a clutch comprising spaced internal projections 8 on the number wheel providing notches therebetween and connectible by springpawls 9 to a projecting portion In on a cooperating clutch element II. Also, each wheel I, 2 and 3 carries within the same a reset pawl I2 acted upon by.

a spring I3 and adapted to seat in a reset groove or slot I4 in the shaft 6 to effect resetting when the shaft is rotated in one direction by the reset knob K, while the number wheel rotates freely around the shaft at other times. Further, it will be understood that the number wheel 4 is rotated by a slidable driving connection including driving projections I5 on a cam sleeve I6 and receivable in a cooperating driving recess II in a hub I8 on the number wheel 4, while a coiled spring I9 is disposed .outside this hub and acts between the hub and the end of the cam sleeve I6 in such manner as normally to dispose the parts in the position shown in Fig. 2, i. c. with a spur gear 20, fixed to and rotatable with the sleeve IS, in mesh with the driving pinion I. In this position, it will also be noted that a bevel pinion 2|, adjacent the spur gear 20 and rotatable therewith, is out of mesh with a bevel pinion 22 longitudinally reciprocable with the knob K and rotatable in opposite directions with the knob as the latter is rotated in a suitable support ,23, while a cam 24, likewise reciprocable with the knob K, is movable into and out of engagement with a cooperating cam on the cam sleeve I6 to effect reciprocation of the latter to the left to the position shown in Fig. 1.

In my improved construction, it will particularly be noted that thefirst number wheel 4 is freely rotatable on the shaft 6, as distinguished from being fixed or pinned to that shaft. Herein, it is suitably positioned longitudinally of the shaft while being free for rotation on the shaft, by a collar 25 secured to the shaft, the collar being, as herein shown, frictionally secured to the shaft by being forced onto a longitudinally knurled portion 21 on the shaft between the ends of the projections I5 and an adjacent portion of the hub of the wheel. Thus it will be evident that when the cam sleeve I6 is rotated, i. e. dur-. ing rotation of the spur gear 20 from the driving pinion I, or upon rotation of the bevel gear 2I by the bevel gear 22 rotatable with the knob K, since both the gears 20 and 2| are fixed to the sleeve I 6 and the latter is operatively connected to drive the number wheel 4 through the slidable driving connection I5, II, the wheel 4 will be rotated relative to the shaft 6. In other words, this wheel 4 will be rotated and drive the other wheels 3, 2, I through their connected transfer mechanisms 5, during vehicle movement, when the gear 28 is in mesh with the pinion I, or during rotation of the reset knob K when the latter is pushed in to bring its bevel gear 22 into engagement with the gear 2| as shown in Fig. 1 and disconnect pinion I.

In my improved construction I also provide an improved clutch between the cam sleeve l6 and the shaft 6 which is adapted to function automatically to connect the shaft 8 to the counter units through the member IE to effect quick resetting, upon suitable operation of the knob K, while normally maintaining the shaft 6 disconnected and stationary during driving of the vehicle wheels and gear I in either direction except for an incidental rotation of shaft 6 which may occur during backing of the vehicle, as hereinafter explained. Herein, this clutch includes a pawl 28 suitably pivoted as at 29 in the cam portion 25 of the sleeve i6 and having a spring 30 normally pressing the pawl toward a position to engage a longitudinal slot or groove 3| in the shaft 6. In this construction, an end disc or washer 32 is also provided on the face of the cam portion 25 adjacent the spring 19, and acts as an abutment for the latter and an enclosing member for the pawl 28 and spring 30. Herein also, it will be noted that when the parts are in the position shown in Fig. 2, i. e. with the spring I! extended, the pawl 28 extends down into an annular groove 33 provided in the shaft 6 and having one inclined or cam wall 34 on the side of the groove adjacent the first number wheel 4. Moreover, it will be noted that the slot 3| in the shaft extends through this cam wall 34 into the groove 33.

As a result of my improved construction it will be noted that, with the parts in the counting position shown in Fig. 2, the various number wheels I, 2, 3 and 4 will be rotated in a usual manner to count. However, the shaft 8 will remain stationary and the sleeve l8 will be rotated by the gears I and 28 relative to the shaft 8 with the pawl 28 moving freely in groove 33, and the sleeve in turn rotating the wheel 4 through the slidable driving connection l5, I1, while the rotation of this wheel 4 will be imparted to the wheels 3, 2 and I in a usual manner through the associated transfer mechanisms 5. It will also be evident that by pushing in the knob K to the position shown in Fig. 1 and then rotating the knob K to the right, the shaft 8 will be rotated in such manner as to effect a quick reset. Thus, pushing in the knob K will cause the cam 24 to engage the cam surface 25 on the cam sleeve l8 and force the latter to the left to compress the spring l9, and, at the same time, cause the pawl 28 to move up the inclined cam face 34 and onto the outer periphery of the shaft to compress the pawl spring 30. When the knob K is pushed in, it will also be evident that its bevel gear 22 will mesh with the bevel gear 2|, as shown in Fig. 1. Thus, rotation of the knob K to the right will cause the cam sleeve l6 to be rotated in a counter-clockwise direction, as seen in Fig. 4. As a result of this rotation, the pawl 28 will also be projected downward into the slot 3| by the spring 30 as soon as the sleeve has rotated suiiiciently to bring the pawl 28 over the slot 3|, and the" shaft 8 will thereafter be rotated with the sleeve I8 to effect a quick reset of the number wheels 3, 2, l, the pawls l2 of these number wheels being picked up in the reset groove l4 in the shaft 8 in a usual manner. Also, it is possible with the knob K pushed in, to turn the number wheels I 2, 3, 4, to bring them quickly to a readi g approximatber wheels to subtract to 105.5. Of course, as soon as the knob K is pulled out, completing the resetting operation, the spring l9 will automatically return the parts to the position shown in Fig. 2.

As a result of my improved construction, it will be noted that, with the parts in their operative or counting position shown in Fig. 2, i. e., with the resetting knob K pulled out, there will be no automatic resetting effected if the vehicle is backed. Instead, the pawl 28 will then merely rotate freely in the annular groove 33 in the shaft 8 and the number wheels I, 2, 3, 4 will merely slowly subtract through the transfer mechanism as the vehicle moves backward, irre spective of the distance. Here it should be noted that while the shaft 6 normally remains stationary, except when used for resettin Purposes, upon sufficiently prolonged backing of the vehicle to cause rotation of any of the higher order wheels I, 2 and 3, the reset pawls l2 of the latter may engage the reset slot l4 of shaft 8 and rotate the shaft in a clockwise direction as viewed in Figure 6. This incidental rotation of the shaft by a higher order wheel during backing has no eifect on the operation of the odometer, a quick reset being impossible since shaft 8 is rotated in the opposite direction from resetting, and the pawl 28 is in the annular groove 33. Thus, the confusion resulting from a return of the trip section to zero as a result of only a short backing o ration of, for example, a few hundred yards, isxntirely obviated in this improved construction. These and other advantages of my improved construction will, however, be apparent to those skilled in the art.

While I have in this application specifically described one embodiment of my invention, it will be understood that this form of the same is shown for illustrative purposes and that the invention may be modified and embodied in other forms without departing from its spirit or the scope of the appended claims.

What'I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A counter having operatively connected counter units including number wheels adapted to add when rotated in the direction of ascending numbers, and resetting mechanism for said units including a resetting shaft stationary during such additive counting, a cam reciprocable on said shaft and rotatable with one of said units, and a clutch between said cam and shaft and automatically connecting said shaft and cam for rotation upon a resetting operation of said resetting mechanism.

2. A counter having operatively connected counter units including number wheels adapted to add when rotated in the direction of ascending numbers, and resetting mechanism for said units including a resetting shaft stationary during such additive.counting, a cam reciprocable on said shaft and rotatable with one of said units, and a clutch between said cam and shaft and automatically connecting said shaft and cam for rotation upon a resetting operation of said resetting mechanism including a clutch member on said cam and cooperating clutch means on said shaft engaged by said clutch member for actuating said shaft in a. resetting direction.

3'. A counter having operatively connected counter units including number wheels adapted to add when rotated in the direction of ascending numbers, and resetting mechanism for said units including a resetting shaft stationary during such additive counting, a cam reciprocable on said shaft and rotatable with one of said units, and a clutch between said cam and shaft and automatically connecting said shaft and cam for rotation upon a resetting operation of said resetting mechanism including an actuating clutch member on said cam and cooperating inter-engaging means on said shaft.

4. A counter. having operatively connected counter units including number wheels adapted to add when rotated in the direction of ascending numbers, and resetting mechanism for said units including a resetting shaft stationary during such additive counting, a cam reciprocable on said shaft and rotatable with one of said units, and a clutch carried by said cam and automatically connecting said shaft and cam for rotation upon a resetting operation of said resetting mechanism comprising a slotted cam section on said shaft and a cooperating member engageable with the cam and slot thereof in different positions of said reciprocable cam and carried by the latter. 5. In a counter having operatively connected counter units adapted to add when driven in one direction, driving mechanism including a rotatable and reciprocable cam rotatable during driving and having a sliding driving connection with the first of said units, and resetting mechanism for said counter units including a resetting shaft extending through said cam and stationary during driving of the counter units in an adding direction, means for reciprocating and thereupon rotating said cam, and clutch mechanism between said cam and shaft automatically connecting the same upon rotation of saidlast men'- tioned means in a resetting direction.

6. In a counter having operatively connected counter units adapted to add when driven in one direction, driving mechanism including a rotatable and reciprocable cam rotatable during driving and having a'sliding driving connection with the first of said units, and resetting mechanism for the latter including a resetting-shaft extending through said cam and stationary during driving of the counter units in an adding direction. means for reciprocating and thereupon rotating said cam, said shaft having an annular transverse groove having an adjacent sloping cam face and a longitudinal slot, and a spring pressed member rotatable with said first mentioned cam normally disposed in said groove during driving and adapted to ride up said cam face upon reciprocation of said'cam and engage in said slot upon rotation of said cam in a resetting direction.

7. An odometer having a reset shaft stationary during driving of said odometer in a direction to advance the count thereon, operatively connected counter units having resetting means coopcrating with said shaft during resetting and also having driving means for rotating said units in opposite directions including a rotary cam, and reset operating mechanism having means for automatically disconnecting said driving means and automatically connecting said shaft to said cam when the latter is rotated in a resetting directionto effect resetting of said units.

8. An odometer having resetting mechanism including a reset operating member and a reset shaft stationary during driving of said odometer in a direction to advance the count thereon, 0peratively connected counter units on said shaft, driving means rotatable relative to said shaft, and mechanism including clutch elements carried by said shaft and driving means for operatively connecting an element of said driving means to said shaft upon rotation of said driving means by said reset operating member in a direction to effect resetting and automatically disconnecting the same upon completion of the resetting operation of said reset operating member.

9. An odometer having operatively connected counter units, resetting mechanism for said units including a rotary reset shaft and means for effecting a quick reset of said units upon rotating said shaft in one direction, and means including a transversely grooved and longitudinally slotted cam section on said shaft and a spring pressed member disposed in the transverse groove thereof during driving and during resetting reciprocable on said cam section and thereupon rotatable in a resetting direction into the longitudinal slot therein to clutch said shaft to the counter unit of lowest order.

10. A counter having operatively connected counter units including number wheels adapted to count when rotated in the direction of ascending numbers, driving mechanism therefor including a rotatable and reciprocable driving member having a constant driving connection to the first unit during driving and resetting, and resetting mechanism for the other units including a reset shaft coaxial with said unitsand stationary within said member during counting, means for reciprocating said member to disconnect thelatter from the drive and subsequently rotating said member during resetting, and clutch mechanism between said reciprocable member and shaft inoperative during driving and automatically connectible by said last mentioned means during resetting.

1 1. An odometer having operatively connected counter units, resetting mechanism for said units including a rotary reset shaft and means for effecting a quick reset of said units upon rotating said shaft in'one direction, and driving mechanism for said counter units including a driving member on said shaft and clutch means between said member and shaft enabling said driving member to rotate freely relative to said shaft during driving of said units in one direction while inhibiting automatic resetting of said counter units during driving the latter by said member in a reverse direction.

12. An odometer having operatively connected counter units, resetting mechanism for said units including a rotary reset shaft and means for effecting a quick reset of said units upon rotating said shaft in one direction, driving mechanism for said counter units including a driving membet on said shaft and clutch means betweensaid member and shaft enabling said driving member to rotate freely relative to said shaft during driving of said units in one direction while inhibiting automatic resetting of said counter units dur-

US756788A 1934-12-10 1934-12-10 Odometer Expired - Lifetime US2077667A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2524755A (en) * 1946-11-27 1950-10-10 Veeder Root Inc Predeterminator register mechanism
US3529769A (en) * 1967-08-16 1970-09-22 English Numbering Machines Counting devices
US5902095A (en) * 1997-12-31 1999-05-11 Cason; Anthony B. Quick check fan speed indicator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2524755A (en) * 1946-11-27 1950-10-10 Veeder Root Inc Predeterminator register mechanism
US3529769A (en) * 1967-08-16 1970-09-22 English Numbering Machines Counting devices
US5902095A (en) * 1997-12-31 1999-05-11 Cason; Anthony B. Quick check fan speed indicator

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