US1614712A - Counting device - Google Patents

Counting device Download PDF

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US1614712A
US1614712A US1614712DA US1614712A US 1614712 A US1614712 A US 1614712A US 1614712D A US1614712D A US 1614712DA US 1614712 A US1614712 A US 1614712A
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indicating
wheels
ratchet
wheel
movement
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06MCOUNTING MECHANISMS; COUNTING OF OBJECTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06M1/00Design features of general application
    • G06M1/14Design features of general application for transferring a condition from one stage to a higher stage
    • G06M1/143Design features of general application for transferring a condition from one stage to a higher stage with drums

Description

. 1,614,712 F. J. CANNQN v commune DEVICE I Filed Nov. 28,, 1921 2 Sheets-Sheet l Jan. 18,1927;
- Jan. 18, 1927.-
- 1,614,712 F. J. CANNON coum'ma DEVICE Filed Nov. 28, 1921 2 SheetsSheet 2 ramg V Patented Jan. 18, 1927.
UNE'Z? STATES PTENT OFFICE.
FRANK J. CANNON, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO PRODUCTION METER COM- PANY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS,
A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS.
'/ COUNTING DEVICE.
Application filed November 28, 1921. Serial No. 518,325.
My invention relates to counting deviceshaving a plurality of relatively movable indicating members, provided with gradua-' t-ions on their dials and adapted to be moved intermittently from one position to another to indicate numerals of one or more digits.
The invention has for its principal object to provide improved means for preventing the accidental movement of the indicating members and to limit the movement of said members, when operated, to the amplitude of one graduation on their dials.
A more specific object of my invention is to provide an improved stop mechanism for the indicating members of counting devices 7 of the general type having a plurality of indica-ting wheels arranged in axial alignment and adapted to be intermittently rotated by means of an oscillating ratchet member which moves into and out of engagement with ratchet teeth formed on each of said wheels. Devices of this general construction are usually provided with spring pressed locking dogs which drop back of one of the ratchet teeth of the operated indicating wheel when the Wheel has movedthe desired distance so as to prevent the frictional engagement of the oscillating member with the wheel, imparting a reverse movement to the wheel during the back stroke of the oscillating member.
Prior to my invention, it has been customary to rely upon the spring pressure, forcing the above mentioned locking dogs against the indicating wheels to maintain the inactive wheels in their proper position during the rotation of an adjacent wheel and to also resist the inertia or coasting tendency of the operated wheel from carrying it beyond the point at which the graduations of adjacent wheels will register with each other. In devices of this construct-ion, the spring for forcing the locking dogs against the indicat ing wheels, being preferably made relatively light so as to permit the various parts of the device to move freely and at the same time minimize wear of said parts, often permits the active or operated indicating wheels to coast beyond the point at which they are intended to stop. Such undesirable operation as this is particularly likely when the counting device is used in situations where the indicating wheels are moved rapidly or when they are operated with a sudden impulse. F*or example, by means of magnetiously driven shaft.
The invention has for further objects the begins to rotate and maintain such position until the indicating wheel has made its full movement, which stop device is especially adapted for use in counting devices of the above general construction, in which the oscillating member is operated by a continunovel arrangement, construction and combination of parts and devices hereinafter described and claimed for carrying out the above stated objects and such other incidental objects as will appear from the following description.
A preferred embodiment of'my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings wherein like characters of reference designate like parts and Wherein Fig. 1 is a side View in elevation of my improved counting mechanism, the center portion of the casing being omitted in this figure.
Fig. 2 is a side view in elevation of the structure shown in Fig. 1, this figure showing the side of the mechanism opposite to that shown in Fig. 1. v
Fig. 3 is a vertical section taken through the structure of Fig. 2 on lines 55 of this figure. 7
Fig. 4 is a vertical section taken on line 6-6 of Fig. 2, looking in the direction indicated by the arrows.
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4 illustrating the movable part in a different operative position.
Fig. 6'is a side view partly in section, of one of the indicatingjwheels employed in my preferred construction, the sectional por-- tion of this figure being taken on line 8-8 of Fig. 2, and
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary View, in section, of part of the counting mechanism, this view being taken on 9-9 of Fig. 2.
In the drawings, my improved counting device is illustrated as being of the general type in which a plurality of revoluble indieating wheels are moved .intermittently from one position to another by means of a ratchet member having an operative connection 'with a crank shaft whereby an oscillatory movement of the shaft or a complete revolution thereof will impart an oscillatory movement to the 'atchet member. The particular manner in which the crank shaft operates will, of course, depend entirely upon the character of the operations being count ed by the device and the manner in which the crank shaft of the device is connected to the movable part of the machine, the operations'of which are being recorded.
Referring to the drawings, the counting device consists of a casing made up of a tubular center portion 10 and end pieces 1112, clamped to opposite ends of the tubular portion by means of screw bolts 13. These bolts preferably extend through the end pieces 11 and have a threaded engagement with the end piece 12. The end pieces of the casing are provided with bearings for a shaft let which shaft is normally held against automatic rotation by a spring pressed dog 15 (Fig. 7) formed with a rounded end adapted to enter are-latively shallow notch 16 in a collar 17, fixed to the shaft l l. The shaft 1 f may be manually rotated, for a purpose hereinafter described, by means of'a knurled knob 18, secured to the outer-end of the shaft.
A plurality of relatively movable indi- *ating wheels ll), 20, E21, 29. and 23, having numbered graduations on their peripheries are revolubly supported on the shaft'll; the wheel 19 representing the units of a nuniher and the other wheels representing tens, hundreds, thousands, and ten thousands, respectively. Each of the indicating wheels consists of a hollow shell 24 (Fig. 6) having a spring pressed dog 25 pivoted therein to bear against a cam member 26. A ratchet toothgear 27 is secured to studs 28 of the shell 24: and provides a cover plate adapted to close the open side of the shell and hold the dog 25 and cam 26 in their proper positions. The cam 26 is formed with a feather 29 which, when the indicating wheel is fitted on the shaft 14:, his in a keyway 30 formed on the shaft. Will this construction it will be apparent that the shell 24: may be rotated in one direction without imparting movement to the cam 26 or shaft 14 and that when the cam .26 is rotated in the opposite direction, for example. by turning the knob 18 on the shaft 14:, the shoulder 31 of the cam will engage the dog and thereby produce a corresponding rotation of the shell 24;.
The indicating wheels of the device are rotated intermittently and are so associated that those at the left of the unit wheel 19 are rotated the amplitude of one graduation on their peripheries for each complete revolution of the next adjacent wheel at the right thereof. The indicating Wheels are rotated intermittently by means of an oscillating mechanism consisting of a yoke 32 and a'pivoted ratchet member 33 carried by the yoke. The ratchet member 33 is formed with a plurality of fingers 10, 20, 21, 22, and 9.3, one for each indicating wheel, and is held up in its operative position by a spring 34. The lingers of the ratchet member 33 are formed so that when the finger 1!) is bearii'ig against the outer surface of the ratchet gear 27 of the indicating wheel 19, the other lingers of the ratchet member will clear the teeth of the other indicating wheels so that an oscillatory movement of the yoke andratchet members will impart an intermittent revoluble movement to the unit indicating wheel 19 only. The ratchet wheel 27 of each of the indicating wheels is formed with a recess 35 adapted, when a wheel moves the amplitude of nine graduations on its periphery, to receive a linger ol the ratchet member 33 and thereby permit the adjacent finger to the left thereof to engage the ratchet gear of the adjacent indicating wheel. 'lVith this construction it will. be apparent that when the unit indicating wheel 19 has been moved the amplitude of nine graduations on its periphery, the ratchet finger 19 will enter the recess 35 of the indicating wheel 19 and permit the ratchet linger 2t to engage with a tooth 2 of the indicating wheel 20. A forward movement of the yoke 32, under such conditions. will move both indicating wheels 19 and 20 the amplitude of one graduation. The back stroke of the yoke 32 will withdraw the linger 1t) from'the recess 35 and as a result moves the finger 20 out of contact with the ratchet gear 27 of the indicating wheel 20, whereupon the unit indicating wheel 1;) will again receive nine successive movements before another movement is imparted to the indicating wheel 20. The same operation is carried out in connection with the other indicating members.
The yoke 32 and ratchet member 33 are connected by means of'a link St; to a crank shaft 37; the c.*ank of the shaft being provided by a pin 38 which extends outwardlv from the disc shaped end 39 of the shaft :17.
In order to prevent reverse movement of the indicating wheels, a plurality of dogs 4%) are pivoted on one of the bolls 13 at. one side of the device and forced against the ratchet gears 27 of the imjlicating wheels by means of a spring member all. When one or more indicating wheels are moved from one position to another, the dogs l0 arranged opposite the wheels being moved, will snap back of the ratchet teeth 27, as shown in Fig. 5, when the'indicating wheels being operated have moved one full step.
The spring pressed dogs ll), while providing an effective stop for preventing reverse movement of the indicating wheels do not Ill) provide satisfactory means for resisting the tendency of the indicating wheels to be accidentally moved by their frictional engagement with an adjacent Wheel or to prevent an indicating wheel from coasting beyond the point at which it is intended to stop, such for example as may result from a rapid or sudden operation of one or more of the indicating wheels. In order to provide an effective stop for the forward movement of the indicating wheels and thereby prevent the numerals of adjacent wheels from being out of alignment, I provide a positively operated stop device which moves into and out of the path of travel of the ratchet teeth 27 so as to provide an abutment which will limit the movement of an indicating wheel being operated and which will hold the inactive indicating wheels in their proper positions. This step mechanism preferably consists of a rocking member 42 pivoted on a screw bolt. 13 so as to stand on-the opposite side of the indicating wheels to that engaged by the pivoted dogs 40. The member 42 is formed with downwardly projecting portions 43 which are adapted to extend into the space intervening between the peripheries of the adjacent wheels and to be rocked, at a pre-' determined time during the operation of an indicating wheel, into the path of travel of the ratchet teeth 27 whereby a ratchet tooth of the indicating members being operated will abut against one of the projections 43 of the stop mechanism when the indicating wheels have moved one full step. The rocking movement of the member 42 is effected by means of an arm 44 formed on the rocking member and adapted to bear at its outer end against a cam 45 formed on the upper end of the upstanding portion 46 of the yoke The angularity of the cam surface 47 of the cam 45 and the lower edge 48 of the arm 44 is such that when the oscillating yoke 32 is in its neutral position, as shown in Fig. 6, the projections 48 of the rocking member 42 stand out of engagement with the ratchet teeth 27 of the indicating wheels. As soon as a forward movement is imparted to. the yoke 32 to move one or more of the indicating wheels, the arm 44 of the rocking member 4-2 is raised to the position shown in Fig. 5 (which figure shows the yoke in a position intermediate its extreme forward and reverse strokes), thereby moving the projections 43 of the member 42 into the pathof travel of the ratchet teeth 27 of the indicating wheels, in which position the said projections remain until the yoke 32 makes its full forward and back strokes. When the yoke 32 reaches its extreme back stroke the edge 48 of the arm 44 rides down on the camsurfaee 47 of the cam 45 and thereby permits the projections 43to move quickly out of engagement with the ratchet gear teeth of the indicating wheels to the position shown in Fig. 6. The arm 44 is held in contact with the cam 45 by means of a spring 49 which is attached at one end to a stud 50 on the casing and bears against the upper edge of the arm 44.
then all of the indicating wheels are in their normal position of rest (Fig. 4), the numbered graduations on the indicating wheels are in alignment and may be seen through a window 79 formed in the top of the casing 10 of the counting mechanism. In the above position of the indicating wheels, the projections 43 of the locking mechanism 42 stand out of engagement with the ratchet teeth 27 of the indicating wheels, as shown in Fig. 3. are in this position, all of the indicating wheels may be reset by rotating the knob 18 so as to bring the shoulder 31 of the cam 26 of each of the indicating wheels into engagement with the pivoted dogs 25 of said wheels. When the shoulder 31 of each of the cams 26 is in engagement with the pivoted dogs 25, the zero graduations and likewise the other numbered graduations of all of the indicating wheels are in alignment. The unitindicating wheel 19 is moved the amplitude of one graduation on its periphery for each complete revolution of the crank shaft 87 or, if desired, by an oscillation of said crank shaft throughan angle of approximately 180 degrees. In the event that the mechanism is operated by oscillating the said shaft 37, the oscillation of the shaft through an angle of 180 degrees from the position shown in Fig. 4 moves the unit wheel the amplitude of one graduation on its periphery. The return oscillation will return the ratchet member to its former position so that the linger 19 will engage the IlEXt succeeding tooth of the ratchet wheel 2K.
7 Vilhile I have described my invention in a preferred embodiment, it will be obvious tliat nodificatioiis might be madewithout departure from the spirit of my invention. I therefore wish it understood that I do not wish to limit myself to the exact structural features shown and described except in so far as specific limitations appear in the appended claims.
I claim:
1. In a counting device, the combination with a plurality of revoluble indicating members adapted to be rotated with relation to eachother, an oscillating member pro vided with ratchet fingers adapted to engage with means on the indicating members to impart an intermittent revoluble movement to one or more of said indicating membersv and provided with a cam surface, of stop mechanism for said indicating members comprising a rocking member engaging said cam surface and adapted to be rocked into the path of travel of said finger engaging means l-Vhile the parts of the operated indicatingmembers during the initial movement ot' said indicating members.
2. In a counting device, the combination with a plurality of relatively movable indicating members provided gvith ratchet teeth, and operating means adapted to engage the toothed portion of said indicating members to move one or more of said members intermittently, of stop mechanism operated by the movement of said operating means adapted to move intermittently to engage the indicating members not operated and to move into the path of travel of a ratchet tooth ot the indicating member operated during the initial movement of said member, for the purpose described.
3. In a counting device the combination with a plurality of revoluble indicating members, of oscillating means for moving one or more of said indicating members intermittently and formed with a cam, springpressed stop mechanism for preventing reverse movement of said indicating members, and stop mechanism adapted to prevent accidental movement of the indicating mem bers not operated and to limit the forward movement of the operated indicating members comprising a rocking member normally out of engagement with the indicating members and adapted to be rocked by said cam into engagement with each of said indicating members.
4-. Ida counting device, the combination with a revolnble indicating member provided with a toothed portion for engagement with operating mechanism, oscillating ratchet mechanism for engaging said indicating member intermittently, of stop mechanism for limiting the movements etl'ected by said ratchet mechanism comprising a rocking member norn'ialiy disengaged from the indicating member when said member is at rest, and a cam operated during the initial forward movement of said oscillating member to move said step mechanism into the path of travel of a tooth of said toothed portion oi? the iniflicating member.
5. in a counting device, the combination with .a plurality of revoluble indicating members provided with ratchet gears for engagement with operating mechanism, and oscillating ratchet mechanisn'i for operating said indicating members intermittently, of stop mechanism for limiting the movements etiected by said ratchet mechanism comprising a rocking member normally disengaged from the indicating members when said members are at rest, and a cam operated during the initial forward movement 0t one or more of said indicating members to move said stop mechanism into engagement with the i-nd' rating members not operated and into the path of travel ot'the teeth of said ratchet gears.
FRANK J. CANNON.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2425072A (en) * 1939-05-16 1947-08-05 Meter Recorder Company Meter recorder and cost computer
US2524755A (en) * 1946-11-27 1950-10-10 Veeder Root Inc Predeterminator register mechanism
US2955758A (en) * 1960-10-11 jones

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2955758A (en) * 1960-10-11 jones
US2425072A (en) * 1939-05-16 1947-08-05 Meter Recorder Company Meter recorder and cost computer
US2524755A (en) * 1946-11-27 1950-10-10 Veeder Root Inc Predeterminator register mechanism

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