US203016A - Improvement in speaking-telephone - Google Patents

Improvement in speaking-telephone Download PDF

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Publication number
US203016A
US203016A US203016DA US203016A US 203016 A US203016 A US 203016A US 203016D A US203016D A US 203016DA US 203016 A US203016 A US 203016A
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Prior art keywords
circuit
primary
coil
wire
carbon
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Thomas A Edison
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Western Union Telegraph Co
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Western Union Telegraph Co
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M19/00Current supply arrangements for telephone systems
    • H04M19/02Current supply arrangements for telephone systems providing ringing current or supervisory tones, e.g. dialling tone, busy tone
    • H04M19/04Current supply arrangements for telephone systems providing ringing current or supervisory tones, e.g. dialling tone, busy tone ringing-current generated at substation

Description

T. A. EDISON. Speaking-Telephone.

No. 203,016. Pa'tented April 30,1878.

Shah on NFEI'ERS, PHOTO-LITHDGRAPnEfl, WASHINGTON. 0 c.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

THOMAS A. EDISON, OF MEN LO PARK, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TO WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

IMPROVEMENT IN SPEAKlNG-TELEPHONES.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 203,016, dated April 30, 1878; application filed March 7, 1878.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, THOMAS A. EnIsoN, of Menlo Park, in the county of Middlesex and State of New Jersey, have invented an Improvement in Acoustic Telegraphs, (Case No. 151,) of which the following is a specification:

The object of this invention is to transmit and receive oral communications over telegraphic wire by sound.

The invention relates to an arrangement of devices for transmitting two classes of signals-one by the vibrations of the voice and the other by a key or switch for signaling the distant station.

In my application No. 141 for Letters Patent, filed July 20, 1877, l have shown a carbon disk acted upon by the vibrations of a diaphragm to produce rise and fall of electric tension upon the line, such carbon disk being in the main-line circuit; and in my application N o. 146, filed December 13, 1877, I have shown a rheostatic device acted upon by the diaphragm to produce rise and fall of tension in the primary circuit of an induction-coil.

I find that the carbon heretofore employed in connection with a diaphragm is not adapted to use in the primary circuit of an induction-coil, because its resistance is too great, and the necessary rise and fall of tension is not produced.

1f the carbonis mixed with other substances, so as to separate the particles, the rise and fall of tension can be obtained; but its resistance is too great to be used in the primary circuit of an induction-coil.

I have discovered that lamp-black obtained from the combustion of very light hydrocarbons, such as gasoline or naphtha, can be used for the aforesaid purpose.

I select from lamp-black thus made only the very blackest portions, and then place the same in a mold, and subject it to a very powerful pressure, sufficient to consolidate the same, and place it in a correspondingly-shaped cavity contiguous to the diaphragm, with a piece of cork or a piece of rubber intervening between the same and the diaphragm, and connect the disks of platina foil that are used at each'side of the carbon in the primary circuit of the induction-coil, and obtain from the pressure resulting from the motion of the dia phragm the necessary rise and fall of tension without the great resistance heretofore inseparable from the carbon in said circuit.

1 will now describe the action of the appa ratus.

A at station 1 is the carbon-transmitter. 9 is the body of the telephone. 10 is the cap for securing the diaphragm tightly. 8 is a piece of cork and rubber tube secured to the diaphragm. The rubber tube rests, when properly adjusted for speaking, against an ivory disk, 7. The ivory disk rests upon a disk of platina foil resting upon a button of lamp-black carbon, 6. This, in its turn, rests upon the platinized surface of the rod 5, which is adjustable to and from the diaphragm by the right and left hand screws 3 and 4.

The platina on the top of the carbon disks next to the diaphragm is connected to a binding-post, and to the other binding-post a wire connects with the rod 5. Thus the circuit must firstpass to the upper platina and through the carbon to the lower plate.

The vibrations of the diaphragm subject the carbon to different pressures, according to the amplitude of motion resulting from the soundwaves, and this difference of pressure varies the resistance oflered by the carbon to the passage of the current, and produces a rise and fall of electric tension.

The instrument A is included within the primary circuit of the induction-coil D E. D is the primary wire of the coil, and is wound on the outside of the secondary coil E. C is a switch, which, when moved to the right in contact with 15, places the transmitter A in the primary circuit containing the battery K and coil D. When the switch is in the center, the primary circuit is open and the apparatus is ready for the reception of a call-signal. When the switch is turned to the left, at 16, the instrument A is thrown out of circuit, and the battery only is connected to the primary coil D.

The movement of the switch from 16 several times serves to open and close the primary circuit and throw a powerful induced current into E, and then to the line.

The polarized relay F, coil E, and receiving instrument B are all placed in the main-line wire at both stations. The powerful current thrown into the secondary coil and line by the movement of the switch 0 from 16 works the tongues of both polarized relays F in unison with the switch. The tongues, closing against their contact-points, close a local circuit containing a call-bell, H.

The same battery K that is employed with the telephones is utilized to ring the bell. The connections for the transmitter A are from the battery K, by wire 20, to 21, then through the telephone A to wire 22, and from 22 to 15, through the switch-lever C, to the primary coil D and to wire 23, back to battery. This is the connection for transmitting and receivingtelephonically. When not thus working, the switch 0 is placed in the central position between 15 and 16. When in this position, if the switch of the distant station is moved to operate the call, the tongue of F closes the local circuit at g; thence, by wire 24, to battery K, and through K to wire 25; thence through the magnets of the bell-call to wire 26, and then through the tongue of the polarized relay.

When the switch 0 is moved to work the distant call it is brought into contact with 16, and the current passes from K, by wire 20, to 16; thence through 0 to the primary wire D; thence to 23, back to the battery K, setting up a powerful induced current in the coil E and line.

I will mention that it is not necessary to use a polarized relay, as an unpolarized relay of the ordinary character may be used, as the current due to the opening of the primary circuit is much the strongest; but the lever of the unpolarized relay should be light and the spool very short. It is not even necessary to use the call-bell H in many instances, when the terminal is very quiet, as the sound given by the polarized relay itself is sufficient; or a small bell may be worked by the tongue.

The tongue of a polarized relay should be biased, so that it will always be away from the point g, except when moved by the signalingcurrents, so as to prevent short-circuiting the battery K when transmitting telephonically.

By employing two cells and a considerable resistance in the magnets upon the call-bell, it is not essential to bias the tongue but it may be made to respond to both positive and negative, a shunt from one cell being used'to furnish current to the call-bell.

I claim as my invention- 1. The combination of transmitter A, coils D E, switch 0, polarized relay F, bell H, battery K, and circuits, arranged and operating substantially as herein set forth.

2. In combination with a telephonic and the primary circuit of an induction-coil, the button of lamp-black carbon,prepared as set forth, and placed in the primary circuit, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Signed by me this 28th day of February, A. 1). 1878.

THOS. A. EDISON.

Witnesses HAROLD SERRELL, GEo. T. PINGKNEY.

US203016A 1878-03-07 1878-03-07 Improvement in speaking-telephone Expired - Lifetime US203016A (en)

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Cited By (14)

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US20110177466A1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2011-07-21 Cheiky Michael C System and method for biomass fractioning
US8173044B1 (en) 2011-05-09 2012-05-08 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Process for biomass conversion to synthesis gas
US8236085B1 (en) 2011-06-06 2012-08-07 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Method for enhancing soil growth using bio-char
US8308911B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2012-11-13 Cool Planet Biofuels, Llc System and method for atmospheric carbon sequestration
US8367881B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2013-02-05 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Method for biomass fractioning by enhancing biomass thermal conductivity
US8430937B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2013-04-30 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Method for producing negative carbon fuel
US8431757B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2013-04-30 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Method for making renewable fuels
US8951476B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2015-02-10 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. System for making renewable fuels
US9260666B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2016-02-16 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Method for reducing the carbon footprint of a conversion process
US9328290B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2016-05-03 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. System and method for making renewable fuels
US9493379B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2016-11-15 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Method for the bioactivation of biochar for use as a soil amendment
US9493380B2 (en) 2011-06-06 2016-11-15 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Method for enhancing soil growth using bio-char
US9909067B2 (en) 2009-01-21 2018-03-06 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Staged biomass fractionator
US9944538B2 (en) 2013-10-25 2018-04-17 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. System and method for purifying process water

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8308911B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2012-11-13 Cool Planet Biofuels, Llc System and method for atmospheric carbon sequestration
US9909067B2 (en) 2009-01-21 2018-03-06 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Staged biomass fractionator
US8216430B2 (en) 2009-01-21 2012-07-10 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. System and method for biomass fractioning
US20110177466A1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2011-07-21 Cheiky Michael C System and method for biomass fractioning
US8293958B2 (en) 2009-01-21 2012-10-23 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. System and method for biomass fractioning
US9951280B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2018-04-24 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. System and method for making renewable fuels
US9328290B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2016-05-03 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. System and method for making renewable fuels
US8951476B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2015-02-10 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. System for making renewable fuels
US8431757B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2013-04-30 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Method for making renewable fuels
US9403140B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2016-08-02 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. System for making renewable fuels
US8372311B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2013-02-12 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Process for biomass conversion to synthesis gas
US8367881B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2013-02-05 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Method for biomass fractioning by enhancing biomass thermal conductivity
US9333474B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2016-05-10 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Method for biomass fractioning by enhancing biomass thermal conductivity
US8173044B1 (en) 2011-05-09 2012-05-08 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Process for biomass conversion to synthesis gas
US8317891B1 (en) 2011-06-06 2012-11-27 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Method for enhancing soil growth using bio-char
US8317892B1 (en) 2011-06-06 2012-11-27 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Method for enhancing soil growth using bio-char
US8236085B1 (en) 2011-06-06 2012-08-07 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Method for enhancing soil growth using bio-char
US9493380B2 (en) 2011-06-06 2016-11-15 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Method for enhancing soil growth using bio-char
US8568493B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2013-10-29 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Method for producing negative carbon fuel
US9493379B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2016-11-15 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Method for the bioactivation of biochar for use as a soil amendment
US9359268B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2016-06-07 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Method for producing negative carbon fuel
US9260666B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2016-02-16 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Method for reducing the carbon footprint of a conversion process
US8430937B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2013-04-30 Cool Planet Biofuels, Inc. Method for producing negative carbon fuel
US9963650B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2018-05-08 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. Method for making sequesterable biochar
US9944538B2 (en) 2013-10-25 2018-04-17 Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc. System and method for purifying process water

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