US2026500A - Filing device and method of making the same - Google Patents

Filing device and method of making the same Download PDF


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US2026500A US51644531A US2026500A US 2026500 A US2026500 A US 2026500A US 51644531 A US51644531 A US 51644531A US 2026500 A US2026500 A US 2026500A
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Le Roi E Hutchings
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Remington Rand Inc
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Remington Rand Inc
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Priority to US10265526 priority Critical patent/US1919433A/en
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    • G03B15/00Special procedures for taking photographs; Apparatus therefor


Dec. 31, 1935. i
LE ROI E. HUTCHINGS FILING DEVICE AND METHOD TOF MAKING THE SAME i Original Filed April 17, 1926 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 FL man m H L *30 museen: emmanuel:
msToRv oF @as-:ce
Dec. 31, 1935. LE Rol E. Hu-rcHlNGs 2,026,500
` FILING DEVICE AND METHOD, OF MAKING THE SAME Original Filed April 17, 1925 4 She'S-Shee'l', 2
De'c. 3l, 1935. LE Ro E. Hu'rcHlNGs FILING DEVICE AND METHOD OF Mz'KlIlr THE SAME original Filed April 17, 192e 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Dec. 31,1935. LE Rol E. Hu'rcHxNGs 2,026,500
FILING DEVICE AND METHOD OF MAKING 'IIIEVSANIEv Original Filed April 17, 1926 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 A gmk@ 20 ZeRoz'Eatc/u'fgs ist BLBNG THE SARIE ne nel e. nommage,
te Beteiligten Tonswsnsie, N.. Y., assigner Een@ Eno., litnieio, it. *2
@riginal application Apsii if?,
3.926, Seal Ne,
163,655. Divided en@ this opplioetion Februssy li?, A931, Serial No. 5%,4145
2 Claims.
This application ls a division of myocpending spplication, Seiiel No. 102,655, led April 17, i926, matured into Patent No. i,QlQABB of July 25, i933.
This invention relates to @ling devices in which metter to be lecl is imprinted on sensitized sheets by photographic means and is then used for ailing.
it further reietes to the method of encl appa ratus for preparing the .ling devices.
in the filing oi'big records, such as the record o books m lai-ee libraries, etc., oonsilieraole space is required for the record. cards when the ordinary method of cards on edge in trays is used. Furthermore, the use of the iiies is e slow and cumbersome test: especially as only one card een be seen at a time. The space required for ties is also augmented by the fact that often the notation only covers a portion oi the card en@ the balance of the oaloi is left blank. Usuelly the cards ere written with the large type of e typeyniter whereas e much smaller type wouzi suice especially since only en occasional refer. ence is made to any particular card. Sometimes it is found deslsaole to noz-tige duplicate record eeids as when the olcl system of :tiling is to pe eeplaced by a more eicieot one. However, n tense number of the tibi-ery ille cards are oten written in unusual toeia'n languages so theft the cost of copying them by ordinaiy lnetliorls would. ne prohibitive. in the making o @le copies oi' coi'esponolence, often happens that e considerable number ot eoples are needed to send to dierent people. However, in the lest one or two eeroon copies, Writing is blessed end inclistinot so tient re= waiting ecomes necessery. Also in melting several cartoon copies, when an error is mafie on tine typewriter, it ispotio inconvenient and izo-1 effecient to make erasux'es on eil copies and. often corrections ese not mede on ell copies, 'with e. ciience oi7 cousine; serious errors ioeoeuse eli copies ere not alike.
in object of this invention, therefore, is to provide meens for reprouone and iiing voluminous reeoicls which will loe highly economical Jfor the tiling speoe required, and very fast and conm vement for reteense.
.lnotliet object of the invention is to provide means to? en ndefnite nominee 'of smali copies oi metter to lee lecl, by mening small photographs ofthe metter and retaining these copies in pockets or trays of a Eline device so that seveeel pnotoeeaphs will es visible et e glance. `thus greatly facilitating on@ speeding up reference to the fle cards.
A further object of this invention is provide ineens for conveniently photographing meteria?. to be led, on sensitized paper which is in 5 roll form, the strip of sensitized paper being per= iorated automatically as it is exposed so that the photographs can later be severed one from the other after development and then attached tom settler in chain form in overlapping position l0 convenient for ling'.
A stili further object of the invention is to pro vide means for copying printed matter cheaply and accurately so that all lcopies will be exactly alike and of equel quality, regardless of the ien 15 guage used; also to improve ling methods and devices in other respects hereinafter speoied and cionnecl.
nl' the drawings:
Fig. l is a perspective view of a file tray noting 3, pockets containing improved ling cords,
Fig. 2 is e front view of one of tiie mproved le carols readyto loe installed in the le pocket.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary front View oteJ strip of the improved le cards after developing the 25 sensitized peper and before severing the oerels one from the otiies,
Fig. e is a ftegmentery front view .on e. large seele, of e pair o the cards joined togetoei in overlapping position to form a chain or seiies of e@ ce'cls,
5 is a front View of one of the pockets' which adapted to support tine photographic cards in position,
Fig. 6 is e, reati' view o1" one of the pockets with Se several of the photographic cards in position,
t is e, fragmentary detail View on e. large scale o the top of one of the pockets and photo= graphic @le carols,
Fig. is n longitudinal sectional view through 1@ one ot" the trays which supports the pocket ftames endpooigets,
9 is e, fiegmentery transverse sectie el view through one of the le trays,
l0 is a vertical sectional view through an G5 insprove apparatus f0.1? making the photostat me cassis in strip form.
ii is n sectional plan view oi the im proved photographing apparatus taken on the line {li-.0i oi Fie. l0,
Fia. i2 is e vertical sectionel View 'through the photographing apparatus on the line -ii of.
Fig. le is e, fragmentary enlarged plan View pertly in section of the punch mech which tus taken on the line vIG--IB of Fig. 1l,
Fig. 15 is a sectional-elevation of the photographing apparatus taken on the line I5-I5 of Fig. 11,
Fig. 16 yis a detail sectional elevation of the repeat mechanism of the photographing appara- Fig. 17 is a plan sectional view of the .copyholder mechanism taken on the line |1I1 of Fig. 10,
Fig. 18 is a fragmentary front view of the repeat mechanism control lever,
Fig. 19 is a lfragmentary sectional elevation of the intermittent driving mechanism, and Fig. 20 is a sectional elevation through the drive pulley.
In carrying out my invention, a specially sensitized paper 20, similar to photostat paper, is provided in strips which 'are rolled up to form rolls 2 I. Thissensitized paper is used in a photographing apparatus to be hereinafter described in such a way that material such as library cards,
correspondence, etc., is photographed or imprinted successively on the strip of sensitized paper. Preferably at the same time that the image of the material to be copied is imprinted l on the sensitized paper, various slots 22 and 23 are punched in the sensitized paper and also openings 24 to form ears or tabs 25.`
After exposure of the sensitized strip and the punching thereof, the roll of exposed sensitized paper is removed from the apparatus and deyeloped in the` usual way. The resulting strip of photographic le cards shown in Fig. 3, then is severed across dotted line 23 to form individual finished ille cards 21 as shown in Fig. 2. These file cards are preferably smaller than the original from which they were photographed, so that they occupy a very small space. If some of the printing has been reduced to such a small scale in photographing that it can not be easily read with the naked eye, it is contemplated to employ an ordinary reading glass so that the inscriptions and reading matter 23 can be clearly seen.
It should be understood that these photographic. file cards may be placed on edge in a file tray in the usual manner without linking the cards one to the other. However, the preferred form of the invention contemplates the use of the photographic le cards linked together to form a chain or series of cards so that a considerable number of cards can be seen at a glance thus making the filing system very fast and eicient and the labor required in reference work is reduced to a minimum. The linking of the cards together to form a chain or series is accompllshed 'by inserting the tab25 of one card in a slot 22 of another card, thenv bending the upper edge of the card and inserting the opposite tab 25 in the opposite slot 22 of the adjacent card. Upon release of the card, it flattens out and the two` cards are then linked together as .shown in Fig. 4. This operation is repeated untila chain or series of'` cards 29 is formed, each card overlapping the card next to it. When it is desired to remove a card from thechain, this operation is reversed and a new 33 of the transparent sheath 3l.
will be so brief that only the upper part of the card will be lled with inscriptions 28. In order to use the illing system in the most eiicient way, it is preferred to have a plurality of slots 22 and 23 so that the tabs of the adjacent card 5 can be inserted in the appropriate pair of slots, thus exposing to view only the portion of the card actually containing inscriptions 28 while the blank part of .the card is covered up by the adjacent card. 10 These chains of photographic le cards may be supported in any one of a variety of ling cabinets of dierent form so as to be readily accessible for reference. In 1the preferred form of filing cabinet, a pocket 30 is-provided'of rea- 15 sonably strong material such as heavy paper, cardboard or the` like. This pocket 30 has a transparent sheath 3l folded over the top edge vso that the fold 32 on the `front of the pocket is somewhat longer than the fold 33 on the back 20 of the pocket. This sheath is preferably secured to the pocket 33 by staples 34 although any other form of fastening device for the sheath may be used. At the bottom of the pocket 30, a semi-flexible strip 35 is preferably attached by 25 means of staples 36 so that each end of the strip 35 extends beyond the pocket 30, thus forming tongues 31. A series of perforated slots 31A is provided. in the pocket 30 to form a bend line that 30 said pocket may be bent back upon itself along this bend line. The strip and pocket may then be bent somewhat in' the middle, and the tongues 31 slipped under rehtaining angle clips 38 extend-y ing along each edge of frames 39. When the 35 pocket is then allowed to flatten out, the strips and pockets are heldin alignment with the strips 35 in abutting position, edge to edge, and the upper edges of the pockets overlapping and exposing to view the series of transparent 40 sheaths 3l. On the front of the pockets 30, the upper edges of the file cards in a given chain are inserted under the fold 32 of the sheath 3i so that the 'inscription on the top of the file card can be seen 45 these ears 40 may be provided so that the bottom 55 of the chain of cards will be held in position on the pocket 3il` regardless of the length of the chain of cards.
In order to attach chains of fllecards to the.
back of theI pockets 3i)v as shown in Fig. 6, slots 60 31B are providedin the pocket adapted to re1- ceive the`tabs 25of the top flle cards in the chains. The bottom edge of the bottom card of each chain is then slipped under the short fold 65 The frames 39 are preferably supported( in a vertical position in a metal tray or box 4l having 'angle strips 42 along the inside of each side wall 43. A'roll 44 is formed at the bottom of each frame 39 and the end 45 of the roll extends 70 under the angle strip '42, thus permitting the frame 39 to be tilted at a considerable angle but still be retained in the box 4|. A hinge member 46 is pivotally mounted on each end 41- of the tray, this hinge .memberbeing adapted to enwardly into an open position when it is desired.
to remove `trames from the tray 4i or to refer to pockets mounted on frames near the center of the tray lll. ri'he angle strip d2 extends within some distance of the end t1 of the tray di, thus permitting frames to be removed by sliding toward one end of the tray di until the roll ends y le are cleared from the end of the angle strip 42.
In reference to the cards on the back of pockets Sii, the pockets are bent forward almost to a horizontal position.
The apparatus for making the photographic iile cards 2l consists, in the preferred embodiment of the invention, or a mechanism iorwinding the sensitized strip it with an intermittent motion from a supply spool eil to a second spool or reel 5i. During each dwell in the intermittent movement of the strip 2t, the image of the notations on a card or sheet 52 to be copied is photographed onto the strip by mechanism to be hereinafter described. Ii" the cards are to be later attached together in chain form as above described, appropriate pun'chings 22, 23 and 2d' are madel in the cards preferably somewhat before the exposure of the image so that the punches serve to position the strip accurately during exposure, as well as provide a means for accurately positioning the strip for cutting the separate cards therefrom.
The intermittent movement of the sensitized strip 2t is accomplished by means of a drive pulley or wheel 53 which is rotatably mounted on shaft 5d, the latter being rigidly mounted in bearings 55 or" frame member 56. A plurality of radi ally positioned pins 5l are slidably mounted in holes in the outer rim oi the wheel 53 and inner hub portion it (Fig. 2o). An annular shoulder 55 is'formed on each pin 5i' and springs @il between said shoulders and the rim 53 tends to move the pins inwardly toward the axis of the wheel 53 so that the inner ends of the pins always contact with cams tl xed by pins @HA to shaft 5ft. The outer ends of the pins 5l are adapted to enter the punched slots 22 or 23 in the strip 2o when a section $2 (Fig. l0) of the cams iii having a comparatively large radius causes the pins 5l to move radially outward as the strip itl passes around the lower half of the wheel 53. In order to cause the driving pins 5l to move inwardly and release from the strip without tearing the same, an annular section B3 of the cams 6l of comparatively small diameter, allows the pins 'to move inwardly.
It is desired to have the intermittent rotation or movement of the wheel 53 start with a slow acceleration under a spring driving impulse so that the strip 20 will not be torn nor damaged in starting its movement. For this purpose, a drive shaft 64 is rotatably mounted in bearings 65 which are formed on frame member 56. A wheel 55a is rigidly secured to shaft 64 by means of pin $6, and a pawl 6l is pivotally mounted on wheel 65 by means of pin S8. One face of wheel 65a is notched out to permit a limited rocking or partial rotation of pawl 6l, as seen in Fig.. 19. This notch in the wheel 65a forms a stop shoulder tt, against which the upper end l of the pawl 6l engages to limit its rotation in a clockwise direction. A spring il connects the lower end of pawl 61 to a pin 'l2 secured to the outeredge of wheel 65a. An annular series of pins 73 extends from one edge of the wheel 53 so that as the pawl Sl is rotated by means of shaft 64, it engages one of these pins 'i3 at each revolution to cause the wheel 53 to rotate one step oi its revolution,
thus moving the strip 2@ the distance of one ille card 2l. 'When the pawl El rst contacts with pin i3, the spring il is extended to give a slow acceleration to wheel 53 until the end lil of the pawl contacts with the limiting shoulder 6&1, which causes the partial rotation oi the wheel 53 in its step by step intermittent motion. lt should be understood that any other suitable means of driving wheel 53 with intermittent driving mechanism may be used.
The reel t is preferably enclosed in a light tight removable metal box "ill, having a slot near one side of its bottom through which the strip 2li travels as it winds from its reel 5? to reel Eil. strip of ielt or other vopaque flexible material 'lo is fastened to the inside of the bottom of the box lil and bears against the inside of the strip 2i?, so that when all of the strip has been unwound from reel d to reel 5l, the strip l5 will fall down to a horizontal position and close slot l5, so that the metal hox ld may be removed from. the case '5S of the photographing apparatus with? out further exposure of sensitized strip 2t to the light.
it is preferable to lreep the strip 2@ under a slight tensionat times, and for this purpose, the shaft 'i9 of reel Eil engages a clutch of a spring motor i!! of standard construction. A winding key 32 is provided outside of case it?, so that the motor di may be wound at intervals. The end of the shaft la, opposite spring motor Si, is removably and resiliently held by means oi a spring actuated hearing lila pressing against its end. The reel boi: l@ is removably secured in casing ld by angle strap 55A and a pair of hingedly connected plates E33, secured thereto by thumb screws 8d and 85. The bottom ci casing lil is preferably formed of a base 9d ci wood or other suitable material, to which metal case i3 is attached by screws Eil. A cover i613 is hingedly connected to the top or the case lil for the purpose of inserting a new reel 5@ at intervals. Preferably, a nexible leader strip 2bn having hooks EDB for engaging the end of the strip 2E?, is provided on the reel 5l for convenience in installing a new roll of the strip 2li.
am arm 88 is pivotally connected on the base @t by means oi pin t9, and roller @il is rotatably mounted on the end ci arm to by means of pin di, so Vthat the strip 2B travels at all times between the outer periphery or" wheel 53 and that of roller 9d. The roller @il is maintained resilient'- ly in contact with the strip 2d by means of a spring d2 connected to .arm 88 and to a shoulder t3 secured to base iid.
When all oi strip 2d has been unwound :from the reel 5t to reel El, it is desirable to have an automatic signalling device which will indicate on the outside oi' case l-3 the condition of the strip. This is actuated by a bell crank lever 95, pivotally mounted on pin and having roller @d rotatably mounted on the end of one of its arms by means of pin @if This bell crank lever 94 is so mounted that gravity tends to maintainthe roller 9S ln. contact with strip roll 2i at all times. The other arm SS of said bell cranir lever @4 has an upstanding shoulder il@ on its end, which is adapted when the bell crank lever is in its lowermost extreme position, to engage in an electric switch member it@ which closes an electrical cir-l cuit 'of standard construction not shown, thus operating a signal lill, such asv buzzer, iight, etc. When this signalling device is actuated, the operator of this protographing machine can then make provisions for supplying a new sensitized roll 2| into the casing 18 and remove the reel 5| containing the exposed strip.
The preferred embodiment of the invention contemplates the use of a copy holder, into which the material to be photographed, such as -library cards, correspondence, etc., can be manually or automatically inserted, and a mechanism to operate this copy holder can be adjusted to automatically make any desired number of photographed copies of the desired card or memorandum. In
the preferred form, this copy holder consists of a plurality of-radially extending arms |02 -Which are mounted on a hub |03, the latter being secured to a shaft |04 rotatably mounted .on bearings on one end of base 86. lThe cards 52 to l be copied can be held on arms |02 in any desired these lamps |01, the image of the inscriptions onl the card 52 is reflected upwardly into the reecting prism |09, and then inwardly through tube |0 onto sensitized strip 20. Lens is interposed between reflecting prism |09 and; the sensitized strip 20, so that the image is properly. focused when it falls upon the sensitized strip.
It is desirable to interpose a shutter mechanism between the vtube l I0 and the sensitized strip, so that no light will get to the sensitized strip when the latter is in motion. For this purpose, a circular shutter ||2 is provided with a pair of semicircular openings ||3, the ends of these openings being spaced apart by solid segments which serve to close the tube ||0 while the strip is in motion. When the movement of the strip 20 is stopped, the rotation of shutter ||2 is so timed that these openings H3 come opposite tube ||0, thus allowing the light and image of card 52, to pass through said opening onto the sensitized strip. The shutter ||2 is secured to stud ||5, which in turn is rotatably mounted in a bearing H6, this bearing being part of a bearing bracket ||1 secured in a suitable manner to the frame member 56. The outer periphery of the shutter ||2 is provided with gear teeth H2 adapted to mesh with and be driven by similar gear teeth H8 on the outer periphery of gear H3 (see Fig. 12). The gear ||8 (Figa l1 and l2) is rigidly secured to shaft H9, the opposite end of said shaft being provided with bevel gear |20, which meshes with another bevel |2| secured to the end of drive shaft 63. The shaft IIB (Fig. 11) is rotatably mounted at one end in bearing |22 on bracket H1, and at the other end in bearing |23 secured to frame member56. Each e'nd of shaft 66 has a clutch |23 which extends through a hole in case 18, so that a source of energy,such as an electric motor, may be attached to the drive shaft through one of said clutches |23. Also several of these photographing machines may b'e assembled together through clutches |23, so that a number of these machines may be operated from a single motor, and all of the machines-will be in a line convenient for operation.
A mechanism is provided for moving the copy focus or photographic position, may be used in-V holder arms |02 through part of arevolution while the sensitized strip 20 is moved. This mechanism consists of a reciprocating rod (Fig. 10), which is slidably mounted in frame member 56, shoulder 93, andthe front wall |08 of 5 the case 18.. An upstanding flange |26 is secured' to rod |25 adjacent Wheel 53 (Fig. 15). 'Ihis flange |26 is in the path of travel of pins 13 so that, whenwheel 53 is rotated through part of a revolution, one of the pins 13 engages 10 said'ange |26, andmoves rod |25 to the left against the action of a spring |21 on the rod |25 between shoulder 93 and annular shoulder |28 formed on said rod. This motion to the left of rod |25, as seen in Fig. 10, causes a downwardly l5 extending, pivotally mounted tooth |29 to engage one of a plurality of pins |30 on hub |03 so as to cause the rotation of `the copy holder'through part of a revo1ution,'thus bringing another arm |02 containing another card to be copied, into 20 position and into focus. As the pin 13 engaging flange |26 again starts to move upwardly through its circular path, it disengagesfrom flange |26 and rod |25 then snaps tothe right under the action of spring |21. Any other mechanism for 25 causing alpartial rotation of copy holder as the strip 20 moves, or any mechanism which will move the cards to be copied into and out o the stead of the mechanism described.
It is preferable to so control the movement of'the rod |25 that one or any number of photographic copies of a given card may be made automatically. For this purpose a series of outstanding studs |3| (Figs. 15 and 1(5)V are radially at- 35 tached to -'the outer edge of the wheel 53, and a second series of studs |32 are also secured to the outer periphery of wheel 53, the two series of studs |3| and |32 lying in a plane perpendicular to the axis of wheel 53, these planes being spaced apart a predetermined distance so that each series of studs selectively actuates the copy holder control mechanism to be hereinafter described.
This copy holder control mechanism preferably consists of a bell crank lever |33, rigidly mounted 45 on shaft |33 (Fig. 16). One arm |33A of this lever |33, is pivotally attached by means of pin |35, to a lever |36. A spring |31 is attached to the end of lever |36 opposite 4pin |35, and said spring is also 'attached to a pin |38 fastened 50 to th'e insideof case 18. A shoulder |39 is formed on the rear face of lever |36, said shoulder being so positioned that it will move into and out of the path of rotation of pins |3| and |32 as the shaft |33 is rocked. A rod |40 is pivotally con- 0a nected to the end of lever |36 adjacent the spring |31, and said rod hangs downwardly and passes through an opening or bearing |4| in the base 36. An annularshoulder |32 is formed onrod |40, said shoulder being so positioned that, as the 60 rod |60 is moved downwardly by lever |36, said shoulder will engage one arm |63 of a trip lever |33. This trip lever is pivotally mounted'on a fixed pin |65, secured to an angle bracket |46.
A second arm |61 of the lever |66 is `normally 65 .held in the path of travel of an annular shoulder |88, formed on the rod |25. A rod |59 is pivotally connected at one end to pin on a second arm |5| of the bell crank lever |33. The yopposite endA` of the-rod |49 passes through, and 70 .is slidably supported by, bearing plate |52, secured to the outer wall of case 18. A cam |53 is formed on the rod |39 so that Whenrod |49 is moved axially to the right by the bell crank lever |33, said cam engages arm |43, of lever |34 (Figs. 75
l5 and lo) thus pressing down said arm it@ and holding the arm icl out of the path ci travel of the shoulder ltd.
The shaft ist passes through the iront trail it@ of the case and adjusting lever le@ (Figs. i0, i5, and 18) is secured to the outer end of shaft i3d, said adjusting lever having e. handle H55 so that it may be manually actuated. The outer end of the lever i563 has a notch or fork les and said lever i 5d is slightly ilegible. A series ci pins itil is positioned in the wall illu in the nath of the fork iiili so that the lever l5@ can he pulled out- Wardly and dropped over one or the reins le?! to adjust the copy holder mechanism in e, position Where the number of copies to he roede ci each card is determined. ls shown in Fig. i8, the left hand position indicates that one copy of a carol.
will be made and the second position, indicated hy the letter R, indicates that on indefinite number ci copies will be made of each card. il
third position to the right, indicated oy the numerel el, indicates that four copies will he made of each card, and in the same way, the last position to the right indicates that two copies of each card will he made. 'When the lever itil is in a no-1 sition for making one copy Qi each card, the lever iet is in its iertheimost left hand position where the shoulder i3@ `will not engage with either of the series of pins tdi and i3?, and in this position, cem also holds the lever arm it? out ol engagement with shoulder l When the lever ld is in. position marked R" cani 53 is disengaged from eine. i653, lout shoulder i3@ does not engage with the two series o pins it and 32. lil/hen lever itil is in position marked e, shoulder engages series ci pins it, these pins heing two in number, and positioned diametrically opposite ou outer periphery oi the wheel 53. Thus, in this position, the lever i236, rod it, and lever lili he actuated twice :lor every revolu-= tion or the oi the @e card exposed, since one complete revolution ot the Wheel 53 means the exposure of eight ille cards. when the lever i513 is in the position marked 2, the shoulder will loe ene gaged hy liotn series oi' pins S38 and it so that lever S138, rod itl@ and lever it will ne actuated or every other card exposed. Any other liz/lechanism which operate to regulate the number of exposures to he made for each card, may he used in place ci the mechanism described.
lo order to nosition Ithe copy holder arms .lill accurately in focus, o, stop loer i158 is slidably mounted on the hase et, so that when "the har tot is in its inrthernoost right hand position, as shown in lig. it, the end of the copy arm e2, which is in locus position, will rest against the end or said stop har l A latch i159 is pivotally mounted on ein secured to bracket iti on wall ist, said latch having a spring itt connecting its upper end to the wall i938 so that the latch i5@ is continually urged in a counter clockwise direc tion hy said spring. As the copy holder arm it@ is rotated tl rough o a revolution, the arm lirst engages the resiliently held com surface Het of latch teg, which retards the rotation oi the copy holder and prevents too sudden a jarring stop against the stop 4bar i156.
ln order to release the copy holder arm i ile after exposure oi the card, a pair or opstanding shoul ders itil (Fig. im is formed on the inner end of the stop has U58. il cam lever l (Figs. i0 and l'll is eis ily mounted on pin ite secured to angle t the latter being fastened to the lease foottcm of the lever its has a el to make four duplicate copiesr downwardly extending linger te@ which lies he@ tween the opstanding shoulders lo@ on stogo her Hell. A spring ltflA connects the lever it to the inner side of the front case Wall. tell, so es to normally urge the sten har to the right as [5 seen in Fig. l0. The lever i655 has an inwardly5 extending iiange le@ (Fig. ll) which normally lies in the path of travel of a trigger catch illi formed on a trigger il? i. This trigger is pivotally mountu ed in e slot which extends through rod D25, the pivot for said trigger loeing formed by pin i l2. A spring connects an erm il@ on one end oi trigger lli to a pin il on the rod i135; so es to urge the trigger in a counter clockwise direction as seen in Fig. l'l, with e. shoulder on trigger acting to limit the rotation thereof;
' when the rod its is moved to the lett, as seen in Fig. lo, by the flange itil, 'the trigger catch engage flange it@ so as to move the lever ill rear= yvardly or to the left as shown in l@ and if?, and cause the stop har ille to release the copy holder arno it and permit the rotation oi the copy holder under the action of tooth 52e.
While the sensitized strip is held stationary during the exposure, it is desirable out not essentieri to punch the periorations 22, lill and QG into the strip, the punches also serving to hold the strip stationary during exposure. This punching mechanism is formed of a nuncio hlocir i'i'l (Fig. 13) into which are inserted suitably shaped til punches 22a., 2SA and which register with similarly shaped openings in a die block member ilu. Guide pins il@ are secured to the die blocic ill'i and are slidahly mounted in similarly shaped openings in the punch lilocls ill, these guide pins 35 il@ serve to cause the 'punches to register exact ly withthe openings in the die block ile. A pair of angle clips i8@ is secured to punch .hlo'cls ilk by any suitable means, such as "colte i 8i and eccentric connecting rod is pivotally mounted between angle clips idd on ein i355. An cesenu tric it is secured to shaft @d and said eccentric is adapted to rit into an opening in eccentric stron itt. Ilius the punches are moved into and out of the die block il@ lforA every rotation oi shalt @d e5 as the strip 2li is held in stationary position. 'Elue die .block is also formed with an exposure open-= ing clening the portion oz? the strip 2@ on which a card is photographed, this opening being in alignment with the tube lill.
lt is preferable to position a pair ci tension rolls i above punch ill, these rolls being no sitioned one on each side-oi strip 2G, and heling rotatably mounted on bracket i536 secured to frame member Eli. These rolls serve to heen the 55 strip perfectly flat adjacent the punches dining the punching and exposing operation. in im portant result obtained by punching the strip E@ at the position and substantially simultane ous with'exposure to receive and record the im- @i9 age of a record card or other matter, is the xing o the image on the strip with the opening punched therein in a, predetermined relation. Emis occurs in each punching and photographing operation, and by which cards may he subsequently cut from the strip in e. very accurate manner hy using the 'punched openings ior controlling the position oi the strip in a cutting mechanism so that in the cutting of the strip to forni the card, the image of the card may he accurately cut from the strip toy l@ the controlling action of the openings and the f mechanism in securing this positioning.
In operation the weh il@ unwinds from reel Se, gasses around drive wheel 53 and then winds onto reel 5i, the strip lacing lient under slight tension il@ by spring motor 8|.v Pins 61 are moved outwardly under the action of cam section 62 to engage slots 22 and 23 in the strip 20, and cause said strip to be moved'by the wheel 53. The card to be photographed is placed on the copy holder arm |02 under spring clips |05, and the copy holder arm is then rotated under the action of tooth |29 into a position where arm |02 snaps into focus position between the stop bar |58 and the latch |59. In this position the card 52 ls illuminated by lamps |01, the reiiected image passing up through reiiecting prism |09, lens III,
tube H0, shutter opening ||3 onto the sensitized strip 20, where the strip is exposed with the image of the inscriptions 28 on the card 52 to be photographed through the opening in die block |18.
The rotation of drive shaft 64 now causes the outer end of the resiliently held pawl. 61 to engage one of pins i3 and rotate the wheel 53 through part of a revolution, equal to the length of one of the photographic le cards, to the next exposure position. This movementof wheel 53 causes one of pins 13 to engage ange |26 and slide 4the rod |25 to the left, as seen in Fig. 10, against the action of spring |21. This movement of rod |25 causes tooth |29 to engage `another pin |30 and move another copy holder arm |02 into position between latch |59 andstop bar |58. This movement of rod |25 to the left also causes trigger catch |10 to engage iiange |69 on lever so that nger |68 engages shoulder |64 and moves stop bar |58 to the left so as to release it from the end of the arm |02 and permit the rotation of the copy holder to a new focus position. After the pin 13, engaging the ange |26, is disengaged by said ange dueto continued rotation of the'wheel 53, tooth |29 rotates about its pivot and slides over pin |30, while nger |66 pushes the shoulder |64 andbar |58 to the right as seen in Fig. 10, under the action' of spring IBSA.
The shutter ||2 is geared through teeth H6, to gear ||6 mounted on shaft H9, said shaft being driven through bevel gears |20 and |2|, the latter gear being on drive'shaft 64. This shutter is so timed that one of the openings ||3 will be adjacent the tube I0 when the strip 20 is stopped for an exposure during a dwell in the intermittentxmotion of wheel 53. While the strip 20 is stopped for an exposure,l the punches 22A, 23A and'24A punch the slots 22, 23, and 24 inf the strip, these punches also serving to hold the strip rigidly in position during exposureand so that the slots and photographic image on the strip are in a fixed relation to each other. The punch |1| is actuated from drive shaft 64 by eccentric |84, through eccentric connecting rod |82.
The numbers of exposures or copies to be made of a particular card is regulated by adjusting the lever |54 to any one of the four positions shown in Fig. 18. When in position 1-, the cam |63 holds down lever arm |46 so that arm |41 does not engage shoulder M, with the result that the copy holderarms |02 are rotated with a new card for every exposure, and only one copy is made of each card. If the lever |60 is in position R, cam |53.
is out of engagement with lever arm |43 and rod |26 is held permanently to the left, as seen in Fig. 15, through the engagement of lever arm |41 with shoulder |48, so that an indennita number of exposures of each card results, as the copy' holder arms |02 are not'rotated with each exposure. When the lever |00 is in position 4, shoulder |39 on lever |96 engages a series of pins |32, thus causing the lever |86 to be? moved downgraphs are made of each of the cards 52. When 10 arm |54 is in position 2 as seen in Fig. 18, the shoulder |39 will engage both series of pins |3| and |32, and in a manner described in a previous paragraph, the copy holder will be rotated so as` to bring a new card into position for every two 15y exposures.
, When the roll 2| is completely unwound'from reel 50, lever 94 moves downwardly, causing the shoulder 99 to close electric switch |00 and actuate audible or visible signal |0| to indicate that 20 it is necessary to replenish sensitized strip 20. The metal box 14 is then removed from the photographing case after disconnecting the hingedly connected plates 83, and the strip is, developed in the usual way and dried. The resulting strip, 25
as shown in Fig. 3, is then cut into cards 21 by severing the strip across dotted lines 26. These cards 21 arel then fastened together in the form of a chain or series 29 by inserting tabs 25 in slots 22 or 23. These chains of cards can then be'in- 30 serted into ille pockets 30 by slipping the bottom of the card chain under ear 40, and the top of the card under fold 32. Out-standing tongues 31 of strips 35 are then inserted under angle strips 38 of each le frame, so as to form a series` ofover- 35 lapping pockets. The roll ends 45 at the bottom of each frame 39, can then be inserted under angie strip 42 of iile tray 4|, and the photographic iile cards in chain form can be referred to at any time. 40
I would state in conclusion that while the illustrated lexamples constitute a practical embodiment of my invention. I do not limit myself pre.- cisely to the details herein described, since maniestly the same can be considerably modied 45 without departing from the spirit of the invention as dened in the appended claims.
What is claimed iszl. A method of duplicating records, consisting in taking a series'of discrete documents and suc- 50 cessively placing each document in a photographing position, directly and successively photographing positive images of each document from the document, onto. successive portions of a sensitized paper strip, `marking said paper strip ad- 55 jacent each side-thereof substantially simultaneous withthe photographing of each document to provide gauge marks xed with respect to the photographic image of the document, developing, fixing, washing and'drying said strip, and 60 subsequently severing each photograph on all sides from said strip to an exact size using said marking as a gauging means to control the position of the photographic image relative to the edges of the strip both longitudinally and later- 65 ally, whereby the severed part of the strip having the photograph may be brought into registry to produce a uniform duplicate discrete record in which a series of duplicate discrete' records may be produced that have an accurate uniform size. 2. A method of duplicatingrecords, consistingin taking a series of discrete documents and successively placing each document in a photographing position, directly and successively photograp positive images of each document onto atteso@ Successive portions of a sensitized paper strip, punching openings in said strip adjacent opposite sides substantially simultaneous with the 'photographing of each record to provide gauging means ixed with respect to the photographic image, developing, xing, washing and drying said strip, and subsequently severing each photograph on all sides from said strip to an exact size using said punch openings as a gauge means to control the position of the severing relative to the strip whereby the severed portion of the strip and the-photograph 'on the strip may be registered to produce a uniform duplicate discrete record.
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2431662A (en) * 1943-02-20 1947-11-25 Henry W Ralph Microfilm reader and projector for records indexed on microfilm
US2530758A (en) * 1949-01-24 1950-11-21 Photocheck Company Identification and fingerprint camera
US2601356A (en) * 1946-11-07 1952-06-24 Dow Jones & Company Inc Apparatus for applying designs to surfaces
US2615365A (en) * 1948-08-24 1952-10-28 Bell & Howell Co Photographic microrecording apparatus
US2960380A (en) * 1957-05-31 1960-11-15 Edgerton Germeshausen & Grier Flash-photography apparatus and method
US3259037A (en) * 1963-02-21 1966-07-05 Eastman Kodak Co Ordered record file and the method of making
US3493301A (en) * 1966-01-26 1970-02-03 Ibm Document processing method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2431662A (en) * 1943-02-20 1947-11-25 Henry W Ralph Microfilm reader and projector for records indexed on microfilm
US2601356A (en) * 1946-11-07 1952-06-24 Dow Jones & Company Inc Apparatus for applying designs to surfaces
US2615365A (en) * 1948-08-24 1952-10-28 Bell & Howell Co Photographic microrecording apparatus
US2530758A (en) * 1949-01-24 1950-11-21 Photocheck Company Identification and fingerprint camera
US2960380A (en) * 1957-05-31 1960-11-15 Edgerton Germeshausen & Grier Flash-photography apparatus and method
US3259037A (en) * 1963-02-21 1966-07-05 Eastman Kodak Co Ordered record file and the method of making
US3493301A (en) * 1966-01-26 1970-02-03 Ibm Document processing method

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