US1919433A - Photographic copying apparatus - Google Patents

Photographic copying apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1919433A
US1919433A US10265526A US1919433A US 1919433 A US1919433 A US 1919433A US 10265526 A US10265526 A US 10265526A US 1919433 A US1919433 A US 1919433A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
strip
photographing
cards
record
card
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Le Roi E Hutchings
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Remington Rand Inc
Original Assignee
Remington Rand Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Remington Rand Inc filed Critical Remington Rand Inc
Priority to US10265526 priority Critical patent/US1919433A/en
Priority claimed from US43096230 external-priority patent/US1978381A/en
Priority claimed from US51644531 external-priority patent/US2026500A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1919433A publication Critical patent/US1919433A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03BAPPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OR FOR PROJECTING OR VIEWING THEM; APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS EMPLOYING ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • G03B27/00Photographic printing apparatus
    • G03B27/32Projection printing apparatus, e.g. enlarger, copying camera
    • G03B27/46Projection printing apparatus, e.g. enlarger, copying camera for automatic sequential copying of different originals, e.g. enlargers, roll film printers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/444Tool engages work during dwell of intermittent workfeed
    • Y10T83/4597With means to control magnitude of work-feed increment or work acceleration
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/849With signal, scale, or indicator
    • Y10T83/85Signal; e.g., alarm

Description

LE Rol E. HUTCHINGS July 25, 1.933.
f 4 Sheets-Sheet l [n1/en for' HU TCH/N65 FHA .J.
n nu DI u FZ July 25, 1933. LE Ro! E. HUTcHnNGs PHATOGRAPHIC COPYING APPARATUS Filed April l'7 1925 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 I rufe/wor July 25, 1933. LE Rol E. HuTcHlNGs 1,919,433
` PHOTOGRAFHIC COPYING APPARATUS Filed April l7 1926 4 Sheelss-Sheerl .3 83 A 'g f5 fnafenfw L@ 0 U E Ro/ f, Harm/m55 July 25, 1933. V LE Rol E. HUTCHINGS 1,919,433
PHOTOGRAPHIC COPYING' APPARATUS Filed April 17, 1926 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 /55 Ely/).
@Q ACZMMO Patented July 25, 1933 UNITED STA-Tas PATENT OFFICE LE nor E. nU'rcnINGs, or BUFFALO, NEWl Yonx, assIGNon, BY um Assioma, To nEmNGroN RAND nrc., or NEW Yonx, N. Y., A conrona'rron or nmwm PHOTGGRAPIHEIIC COPYING APPARATUS i 'Application mea april 1v,
This invention relates to photographic apparatus for copying and reproducing records.
The invention comprehends the provision .15 surface thereof atfthat part which is positioned inI the focal plane of the focusing mechanism of the apparatus. The invention further provides for the individualizing of the strip, such as by' cutting or the like ffl simultaneous with the taking of the photograph and adjacent to the focal plane, for producing a separate record card section on the strip and define its connection with adjacent cards so that the cards formed by the strip may be subsequently separated to form individual record cards for use in a filing system, in any of the various ways that record cards are used .in the various well known types of record andindex systems.
3- The invention further comprehends the provision ofI means for feeding the records into and out of a position to be photographed, so controlled that one or more copies of each record may be produced on the t strip in the machine in order to produce one or more duplicates of the original record for any purpose .that may be desired, the mechanism being selectively operable in controlling the number of copies of each record produced.
The invention includes numerous features residing in the details of construction of the mechanism for holding and feeding the cards, the mechanism for supporting and A operating the sensitized strip and characterizing it -to individualize connected record cards, together with insuring the efficient operation of the photographic mechanism in taking the pictures of records and properly synchronizing the operation of the various 192s. serial Nu. 102,655.
parts so that the machine will have a high production rate.
In the drawings;
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of Va file tray havng pockets containing improved filing 55, car s,
Fig. 2 is a front view of one of the improved file cards ready to be installed in the file pocket,
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary front view of a 0 0 strip of the improved file cards after develop- 1ng the sensitized paper and before severing the cards one from the other,
Fig. 4 is a fragmentar front view on a large scale, of a pair o the cards joined together in overlapping position to form a chain or series of cards,
Fig. 5 is a front view of one of the pockets which is adapted to support the photographic cards in filing position, 10
Fig. 6 is a rear view of one of the pockets with several of the photographic cards in position,
Fig. 7 is afragme'ntary detail view on a large scale of the top of one of the pockets '15. and photographic file cards.
Fig. 8 is .a longitudinal sectional view through one of the trays which supports the A pocket frames and pockets.
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary transverse sec- 80 tional view through one of the file trays. l
Fig. 10 is a vertical sectional view through an improved apparatus -for making the photographic file cards in strip form.
Fig. 11 is a sectional plan view of the im- 85- proved photographing apparatus taken on the line 11-11 of Fig. 10.
Fig. 12 is a vertical sectional view through the photographing apparatus on the line 12-12 of Fig. 10.
Fig. 13 is a fragmentary enlarged plan view partly in section of the punch mechanism which is adapted to perforate the strip n as it is exposed. f
Fig. 14 is a front sectional view of the 95 punch. y
Fig. 15 is a sectional elevation of the photographing apparatus taken on the line 15'-15 of Fig. 11.
Fig. 16 is a detail .Sectional elevation of the 100 repeat mechanism of the photographing apparatus taken on the line 16-16 of Fig. 11. Fig. 17 is a plan sectional view of the cop holder mechanism taken on the line 17-1 after described in such a way that material such as library cards, correspondence, etc., is photographed or imprinted successively on the strip of sensitized paper. Preferably at the same time that the image of the material to be copied is imprinted on the sensitized paper, various slots 22 and 23 are punched in the sensitized..y paper and also openings 24 to form ears or tabs 25. After exposure of the sensitized strip and the punching thereof,
vthe'roll of exposed sensitized paper is removed from the apparatus and developed in the usual way. The resulting strip of photographic file cards shown in Fig. 3, then is severed across dotted line 26 to form individual finished file cards 27 as shown in Fig. 2.V
These file cards are preferably smaller than the original from which they were photographed, so that 'they occupy a very small space. If some of the printing has been re' duced to such a small scale in photographing that it cannot be easily read with the naked eye, it is contemplated to employ an ordinary reading glass so that the inscriptions and reading matter 28 can be clearly seen.
It should be understood that these photographic filey cards may be placed on edge in a file tray in the usual manner without linking the cards one to the other. However, the preferred form of the invention contemplates the use of the photographic iile cards linked together to form a'chain or series o f cards so that a considerable number of cards can be seen at a glance thus making the tiling system veryfast and etlicient and the labor required in reference work is reduced to a minimum. The linking of the cards together to form a chain or series is accomplished by inserting the tab 25 of one card in the slot 22 of another card, then bending the upper edge of the card and inserting the opposite tab 25 in the opposite'slot 22 of the adjacent card. Upon release of the card, it flattens out and the two cards are then linked together as shown in Fig. 4. This operation is repeated until a chain or series of cards 29 is formed, each card overlapping the card nextvto it; When itis desired to removev a card from the chain,
this operation is reversed and a new card can then be inserted in its place. Thus a file having these chains of cards can be easily kept up to date by quickly inserting new cards to replace old ones. In some cases the notations imprinted on the photographicB file card will be so brief that only the upper part of the card will be filled with inscriptions 28. In order to use the 'filing system in the most efficient way, it is preferred to ha've a plurality of slots 22 and 23 so that the tabs of the adjacent card can be inserted in the appropriate pair of slots, thus exposing to view only the portion of the card actually containing inscriptions 28` while the blank part of the card is covered up by the adjacentl card. Y
These chains of photographic file cards may be supported in any one of a variety of filing cabinets of different form so as to be readily accessible for reference. In the preferred form of filing cabinet, a pocket 30 is provided of reasonably strong material such asheavy paper, cardboard or the like. This pocket 30 has a transparent sheath 31 folded over the top-edge so that the fold 32 on the front of the pocket is somewhat longer than the fold 33 on the back of the pocket. This sheath is preferably secured to the pocket 30 by staples 34 although any other form of fastening device for the sheath may be used. At
the bottom of the pocket 30, a semi-flexible strip 35 is preferably attached by means of staples 36 so that each end of the strip 35 extends beyond the pocket 30, thus forming tongues 37.
' A series of perforated slots 37A7 is. provided in the pocket 30 to form a bend line so that said pocket may be bent back upon itself along this bend line. The strip and pocket may then be bent somewhat in the middle, and the tongues 37 slipped under retaining angle clips 38 extending along each edge of frames 39. When the pocket is then allowed to flatten out, the strips and pockets are h eld in alignment with the strips 35 in abutting position, edge to edge, and the upperedges of the pockets overlapping and exposing to view the series of transparent sheaths 31.
On the front of the pockets 30, the upper edge of the file cards in a given chain are inserted under the fold 32 of the sheath 31 so that the inscription on the top of the file card can be seen through the transparent fold 32, as shown in Fig. 7 Thus, the file card becomes self-indexing and the fold 32 also holds the upper end of the chain of file `cards in position on the pocket 30. In order to hold the bottom end of the chain of cards in position on the pocket 3 0, ears 40 are cut from the pocket 30 near the stripv 35 and the lower end of the chain of file cards is inserted under this ear. A plurality or vertical series of these ears 40 may be provided so that the bottomof the chain ofcards will be held in J the back of the pockets '30 as shown in Fig. 6,
osition on the' `ocket 30 regardless' of the ength of the chain of cards.
In order toattach chains of file. cards to slots 37B are provided in the pocket adapted to receive the tabs 25 of the top file cards in the chains. The bottom edge of the bottom A card of each chain is then slipped under the short fold 33 of the transparent sheath 31.
10,y The frames 39 are preferably supported in a vertical position in a metal tray or box 41 havin vangle strips 42 along the inside of each slde wall 43. A roll 44 is formed at the bottom of each frame 39 and the end 45 of the roll extends under the angle strip 42 thus permitting the frame 39 to be tilted at a considerable angle but still be retained in the box 41. A hinge member 46 is pivotally mounted on each end 47 of the tray, this hinge member being adapted to engage a clip 48 on the end frame 49 when in one position and to be swung outwardly "and downwardly into an open position when it is desired to remove frames from the tray 41 or to refer to pockets mounted on frames near the center of the tray 41. The angle strip 42 extends within some distance of the end. 47 of the tray 41 i thus permitting frames to be removed by sliding toward one end of the tray 41 until the roll ends 45 are cleared from the end of the angle strip 42. In reference to the cards on the back of pockets 30, Ithe pockets are bentV forward almost toa horizontal position.
The apparatus for making the photographic tile cards 27 consists, inthe preferred embodiment of the invention, of a' mechanism for winding the sensitized strip 20 with an intermittent motion from a supply spool 50 toa second spool or reel 51. During each dwell in the intermittent movement f y of the strip 20, the image of thenotations on a card or sheet 52 to be copied is photogra'phed onto the strip by mechanism to be hereinafter described. If the cards are to ,be later attached together in chain form as above described, appropriate punchings 22, 23 and 24 are made in the cards preferably accurately during exposure as well as provide a means for accurately positioning the strip for cutting the separate cards therefrom.
The intermittent movement of the sensitized strip 20 is accomplished by means of a drive pulley or wheel- 53 which is rotatably mounted on shaft 54, the latter being rigidly mounted in bearings 55 of frame member 56. A plurality of radially positioned pins 57 are slidably mounted in holes in the outer rim of the vwheel 53 and inner hub portion 58 (Fig. 20) An annular shoulder 59 is formed on Veach pin 57 and springs 60 -between said -shoulders and the rim 53 tends to move the pins inwardly toward the axis of the wheel contact with cams 61 fix/6d by pins 61A to shaft 54. The outer ends of the pins 57 are ada ted to enter the punched slots 22 or 23 1n t e strip 20 when a section 62 (Fig. 10) of the cams 61 having a comparatively large radius causes the pinsv 57 to move radially outward as the strip 20 passes around the lower half of the wheel 53. In order to cause the driving pins 57 to move inwardly and release from the strip without tearing the same, an annular section 63 of the cams 61 of comparatively small diameter, allows the pins`to move inwardly.
It is desired to have the intermittent rotaf tion or movement of the wheel 53 start with a slow acceleration under a spring driving impulse so that the strip 2O will not be torn or damaged in starting its movement. For this purpose, a drive shaft 64 is rotatably mounted in bearings 65 which are formed on frame member 56. A wheel 65A isrigidly secured to shaft 64 by means of pin 66, and a pawl 67 is pivotally mounted on Wheel 65A by`means of pin 68. One face of wheel 65A is notched out to permit a limited rocking or partial rotation of pawl 67, as seen in Fig. 19. This notch in the wheel 65A forms a stop shoulder 69, against which the upper end 70 0f the pawl 67 engages to limit its rotation in a clockwise direction. A spring 71 connects the lower end of pawl 67 to a pin 72 53 until the end 70 of the pawl contacts with r the limiting shoulder69, which causes the partial rotation of the wheel 53 in its step by step intermittent motion.. It should be Aunderstood that any other suitable means of driving wheel 53 with intermittent driving mechanism may be used.
The reel 51 is preferably enclosed in a light tlght removable metal box 74, having a slot 75 near one side of its bottom through which the strip 2() travels as it winds from its reel 50 to reel 51. A strip of felt or other opaque flexible material 76 is fastened to the inside of the bottom of the box 74 and bears against the inside of the strip 20, so that when all of the strip has been unwound from reel 50 to reel 51, the strip 76 will fall down to a horizontal position and close slot 75, so that the metal box- 74 may be removed from the case 78 of the photographing apparatus without further exposure of sensitized strip 20 to the light.
It ispreferable to seep the strip 20 under a slight tension at times, and' for this P1111' pose, the shaft 7 9 of reel 51 engages a clutch 80 of a spring motor 81 of standard construction. A winding key 82 is provided outside of the case 78, so that the motor 81 may be wound at intervals. The end of the shaft 79, opposite spring motor 81, is removably and resiliently Vheld by means of a spring actuated bearing 79A pressing against its end. The reel box 74 is removably secured in the casing 78 by angle strap 78A and a pair of hingedly connected plates 83, secured thereto by thumb screws 84 and 85. The bottom of the case 78 is preferably formed of a base 86 of wood or other suitable material, to which metal case 78 is attached by screws 87. A cover 78B is hingedly connected to the top 'of the case 78 for the pur ose of inserting a new reel at intervals. lljreferably, a flexible leader strip 20A having hooks 20B for engaging the end of the strip 20, is provided o n the reel 51 for convenience in installing a new roll of the strip 20.
An arm 88 is pivotally connected on the base 86 by means ,of pin 89, and roller 90 is rotatably mounted on the end of arm 88 by means of pin 91, so that the strip 20 travels at al1 times between the outer periphery of Wheel 53 and that of roller 90. The roller 90 lis maintained resiliently in contact with the strip 20 by means'of spring 92 connected to arm 88 andto a shoulder 93 secured to base 86.
When all of strip 20 has been unwound from the reel 50 to reel 51, it is desirable to have an automatic signalling device which will indicate on the outside of case 78 the condition of the strip.r This is actuated by a bell crank lever 94, pivotally mounted on pin 95 and having roller 96 rotatably mounted on the end of one of its arms by means of pin 97. This bell crank lever 94 is so mounted that gravity tends to maintain the roller 96V in contact with strip roll 21 at all times. The other arm 98 of said bell crank lever 94 has an upstanding shoulder 99 on its end, which is adapted, when the bell crank lever is in its lowermost extreme position, to engage in an electric switch member 100 which closes an electrical circuit of standard construction not shown, thus operating a signal 101, such as buzzer, light, etc. When this signalling device is actuated, the operator of this photostat machine can then make provisions for supplying a new sensitized roll 21 into the casing 78, and remove the reel 51 containing the exposed strip.
The preferred embodiment of the invent-ion contemplates the use of a copy holder, into which the material to be photographed, such as library cards, correspondence, etc., can be y manually or automatically inserted, and a mechanism to operate this copy holder, can be adjusted to automatically make any desired number of photographed copies of u the desired card or memorandum. In the preferred form, this copy holder consists of a plurality of radially extending arms 102 which are mounted on a hub 103, the latter being secured to a shaft 104 rotatably mounted on bearings 105 on one. end of base 86. The cards 52 to be copied can be held on arms 102 in any desired way, such as by spring clips 105A, so that when the copy holder is rotated automatically, by a mechanism to be hereinafter described, into focus position with one arm 102, in a horizontal plane under a photograph lens tube 106, the card will be held rigidly in said horizontal focus plane. The surface of card 52 may be brightly illuminated by means of a plurality of electric lamps 107, which may be mounted in any suitable way, such as on front wall 108 of the case 78. By means of these lamps 107, the image of the inscriptions on the card 52 is reflected upwardly into the reflecting prism 109, and then inwardly through tube 110 onto sensitized strip 20. Lens 111 is interposed between reflecting prism 109 and the sensitized strip 20, so that the im age is properly focused when it falls upon the sensitized strip.
It is desirable to interposc a shutter mechanism between the tube 110 and the sensitized strip. so that no light will get to the sensitized strip when the latter is in motion. For this purpose, a circular shutter 112 is provided with a pair 0f semi-circular openings 113, the ends of these openings being spaced apart by solid segments 114, which serve to close the tube 110 while the strip 20 is in motion. When the movement of the strip 20 is stopped, the rotation of shutter 112 is so timed that these openings 113 come opposite tube l110, thus allowing the light and image of card 52,
to pass through said opening onto the sensitized strip. The shutter 112 is secured to stud. 115, which in turn is rotatably mounted in a bearing 116, this bearing being part of a bearing bracket 117 secured in a suitable manner to the frame member 56. The outer periphery of the shutter 112 is provided with gear teeth 112 adapted to mesh with and be driven by similar gear teeth 118 on the outer periphery of gear 118 (see Fig. 12). The gear 118 (Figs. 11 and 12) is rigidly secured to shaft 119, the opposite end of said shaft being provided with bevel gear 120, which meshes with another bevel 121 secured to theend of drive shaft 64. The shaft 119 (Fig. 11) is rotatably mounted at one end in bearing 122 on bracket 117, and at the other end in bearing 123 secured to frame member 56. Each end-of shaft 64 has a `clutch 124 which extends i a single motor, and all of the machines will be in a line convenient for operation.
A mechanism is provided for moving the copy holder arms 102 through part of a revolution while the sensitized strip 20 is moved. This mechanism consists of a reciprocating rod 125 (Fig. 10), which is slidably mounted in frame member 56, shoulder 93, and the front wall 108 of the case 7 8. An upstanding flan e 126 is secured to rod 125 adjacent wheel 53 Fig. 15). This flange 126 is in the path of travel of pins 73 so that, when wheel 53 is rotated through pa t of a revolution, one of the pins 73 engages aid flange 126, and moves rod 125 to'the left against the action of a spring 127 on the rod y125 between shoulder 93 and annular shoulder 128 formed on said rod. This motion to the left of rod 125, as seen in Fig. 10, causes a downwardly extending, pivotally mounted tooth 129 to engage one of a plurality of pins 130 on hub 103 so as to cause the rotation of the copy holder through part of a revolution, thus bringing another arm 102, containing another cardf to be copied into` position and into focus. As the pin 73 engaging flange 126, again starts to move upwardly through its circular path, it disengages from flange 126 and rod 125 then snaps to the right under the action of spring 127. Any' other mechanism for causin a partial rotation of copy holder as the stri 20 moves, or any mechanism which will move the cards to be copied into and out of the focus or photographic position, may be used instead of the mechanism described.
It is preferable to so control the movement of the rod 125 that one or any number of photographic copies of a given card may be made automatically. For this purpose a series of outstanding studs 131 (Figs. 15 and 16) are radially attached to the outer edge of the wheel 53, and a second series of studs 132 are also secured to the outer periphery of wheel 53, the two series of studs 131 and 132 lying in a plane perpendicular to the axis et' wheel 53, these planes being spaced apart a predetermined distance so that each series of studs selectively actuates the copy holder control mechanism to be hereinafter described.
This copy holder control mechanism preferablynconsists of a bell crank lever 133, rigidly mounted on shaft 134 (Fig. 16). @ne arm 133A of this lever 133, is pivotalliy attached by means of pin 135, a lever 136. A spring 137 is attached to the end of lever 136 opposite pin 135, and said spring` is also attached to a pin 138 fastened to the inside or case 7 8. A shoulder 139 is formed on the rear face of lever 136, said shoulder being so positioned ythat it will move into and out of the path of rotationof pins 131and 132 as the shaft 134, is rocked. -A rod 140 is pivotally connected to the end of lever 136 adjacent the spring 137, and said rod hangs downward- .ly and passes through an opening or bear ing 141 in the base 86. An annular shoulder 142 is formed on rod 140,'said shoulder being so positioned that, as the rod 140 is moved downwardly by lever 136, said shoulder will enga e one arm 143 of a trip lever 144. This trip lever is pivotally mounted on a fixed pin 145, secured to an angle bracket 146. A second arm 147 of the lever 144 is normally held in the path of travel of an annular shoulder 148, formed on the rod 125. A" rod 149 is pivotally connected at one end to pin 150 on a second arm 151 of the bell crank lever 133. The opposite end of the rod 149 passes through, and is slidably sup-l ported by, bearing plate 152, secured to the outer wall of case 78. A cam 153 is formed on the rod 149 so that when rod 149 is moved axially to the right by the bell crank lever 133, said cam engages arm 143, of lever 144 (Figs. 15 and 16), thus pressing down said arm 143 and holding the arm 147 out of the path of travel of the shoulder 148.
The shaft 134 passes through the front wall 108 of the case and adjusting lever 154 (Figs. 10, 15 and 18) is secured to the outer end of shaft 134, said adjusting lever having a han` dle 155 so it may be manually actuated. The outer end of the lever 154 has a notch or fork 156 and said lever 154 is slightly flexible. A
series of pins 157 is positioned in the wall 108 in the path of the fork 156, so that the lever 154 can be pulled outwardly and dropped determined. As shown in Fig. 18 the left hand position indicates that one copy of a card will be made and the secondlposition, indicated by the letter R, indicates that an indefinite number of copies will be made of each card. A third position tothe-right, indicated by the numeral 4, indicates that 4 copies wil1 be made of each card, and in the same way, the last position to the right indicates that two copies oi' each card will be made. When the lever 154 is in a position for making one copy of each card, the lever 136 is in its farthermost left hand position where the shoulder 139 will not engage with either of the series o1 pins 131 and 132, and in this position, cam 153 also holds the lever arm 147 out of engagement with shoulder 148. When the iever 154 is in osition marked E, cam 153 is disengage from arm 143, but shoulder 139 does not engage with the two series of pins 131 and 132. When lever 154 is in position marked 4, shoulder 139 engages series of pins 132, these pins being two in number, and positioned diametrically opposite on the outer periphery of the wheel 53.4 Thus, in this position, the lever 136, rod 140, and haver 144 will be actuated twice for every revoiution et the wheel 53 to make four duplicate copies of 'the file card exposed, since once complete revolution of the wheel 53 Azo means the exposure of eight file cards. When the lever 154 is in the position marked 2, the shoulder 139 will be engaged by both series ofpins 131 and 132 so that lever 136, rod 140 and lever 144 will be actuated for every other card exposed. Any other mechanism which will operate to regulate the number of 'exposures to be made for each card, may be used in place of the mechanism described.
In order to position the copy holder arms 102 accurately in focus, a stop bar 158 isslidably mounted on the base 86, so that when the b ar 158 is in its farthermost right hand position, as shown in Fig. 10, theend of the copy arm 52, which is in focus position, will rest against the end of said stop bar 158. A latch 159 is pivotally mounted on pin 16() secured to bracket 161 on wall 108, said latch having a spring 162 connecting its upper end to the wall 108 so that the latch 159 is continually urged in a counter clockwise direction by said spring. As the copy holder arm 102 is rotated through part of a revolution, the arm first engages the resiliently held cam surface 163 of latch 159, which retards the rotation of the copy holder and prevents too sudden a jarring stop againstthe stop bar 158.
In order to release the copy holder arm 102 after exposure of the card, a pair of upstanding shoulders 164 (Fig. 10) is formed on the innerend of the stop bar 158. A cam lever 165 (Figs. 10 Aand 17) is pivotally mounted on pin 166v secured to angle bracket 167, the latter being fastened to the base 86. The bottom of the lever 165 has a downwardly extending finger 168 which lies betweenthe upstanding shoulders 164 on stop bar 158. A spring 168A connects t-he llever 165 to the inner side of the front case wall l108, so as to normally urge the stop bar 158 to the right as seen in Fig. 10. The lever 165 has an inwardly extending flange 169 (Fig. 17) which normally lies in the path of travel of a trigger catch 170 formed on a trigger 171. This trigger is pivotally mounted in a slot which extends through rod 125, the ivot for said trigger being formed by pin 1 2. A spring 173 connects an. arm 174 on one end of trigger 171 to a pin 175 on the rod 125, so as to urge the trigger in a counter clockwise direction as seen in Fig. 17,
with a. shoulder 17 6 on said trigger acting to limit the rotation thereof. Thus when the rod 125 is moved tothe left, as seen in Fig. 10, by the fiange 126, the trigger catch 170 will engage flange 169 so as to move the lever 165 rearwardly orto the left as shown in Figs. 10 and 17 and cause the stop bar 158 to release the copy' holder arm 102 and permit ,the rotation of the copy holder under the action of tooth 129.
While the sensitized strip 20 is held stationary during the exposure, it is desirable but not essential, to punch the perforations 22, 23 and 24 into the strip, the punches also serving to hold the strip stationary during exposure.
This punching mechanism is formed of a punch block 177 (Fig. 13) into which are inserted suitably shaped punches 22A, 23A and 24A which register with similarly shaped openings in a die block member 178. Guide pins 179 are secured to the die block 178' and are slidably mounted in similarly shaped openings in the punch block 177, these guide pins 179 serve to cause the punches to register exactly with the openings in the die block' 17 8. A pair of angle clips 180 is secured to punch block 177 by any suitable means, such as bolts 181 and eccentric connecting rod 182 is pivotally mounted between angle clips 180 on pin 183. An eccentric 184 is secured to shaft -64 and said eccentric is adapted to fit into an opening in eccentric strap 182. Thus the punches are moved into and out of the die block 178 for every rotation of shaft 64 as the strip 20 is held in` stationary position. The die block is also formed with an exposure opening defining the portion of the strip 20 on which a card is photographed, this opening being in alignment with the tube 110.
It is preferable to position a pair of tension rolls 185 above punch 177, these rolls being positioned oneon each side of strip 20, and being rotatably mounted on bracket 186 secured to frame member 56. These rolls serve to keep the strip perfectly flat adjacent the punches during the punching and exposing operation. v A
An important result obtained by punching the strip 20 at the position and substantially simultaneous with exposure to receive and record the image of a record card or other matter, is the fixing of the image on the strip with the opening punched therein in a predetermined relation. This occurs in each punching and photographing operation, and by which cards may be subsequently cut from the strip in a very accurate manner by using the punched openings for controlling the position of the strip in a cutting mechanism so that in the cutting of the strip to form the card, the image of the card may be accurately cut from the strip by the controlling action of the openings and the mechanism in securing this positioning.
In operation the web 20 unwinds from reel 50, passes around drive wheel 53, and then winds onto reel 51, the strip being kept under slight tension by spring motor 81. Pins '57 are movedoutwardly under the action of cam section 62 to engage slots 22 and 23 in the strip 20, and cause said strip to be moved by the wheel 53. The card to be photographed is placed on the copy holder arm 102 under spring clips 105, and the copy holder arm is then rotated under the action of tooth 129 into a position where arm 102 snaps into focus position between the stopbar 158 and is illuminated by lamps 107, the reflected im- .the latch 159; In this position the card 52 i T he rotation of drive shaft 64 now causes the outer end of the resiliently held pawl 67 to engage one of pins 73 and rotate the wheel 53 through part'of a revolution, equal to the length of one of the photographic ile cards,
to the next exposure position. This mo`ve k ment of wheel 53 causes one of pins 73 to engage Aflange 126 and slide the rod 125 to the left, as seen in Fig. 10 against the action of v spring 127. This movement of rod 125 causes tooth 129 to engage another pin 130 and move another copy holder arm 102- into position between latch 159 and stop bar 158.A This movement of`rod 125 to the left also causes trigger catch 170 to engage iange 169 on lever 165 so that linger 168 engages shoulder 164 and moves stop bar 158 to the left so as to release it from the end of the arm 102 and permit the rotation of the copy holder to a new focus position. After the pin 73 engaging the flange 126, is disengaged by saidilange due to continued rotation of the wheel 53, tooth 129 rotates about its pivot and slides over pin 130, While linger 168 pushes the shoulder 164 and bar 158 to the right as seen in Fig. 10, under the action of spring 168A.
The shutter 112 is geared through teeth 116,
fto gear 118 mounted on shaft 119, said shaft being driven through bevel gears 120 and 121, the latter gear being on drive shaft 64.
This shutter is so timed that one or' 'the openings 113 will be adjacent the tube 110 when the strip 20 is stopped for an exposure during a dwell in the intermittent motion of wheel 53. While the strip 20 is stopped for an exposure, the punches 22A, 23A and 24A. punch the slots 22, 23 and 24 in the strip, these punches also serving to hold the strip rigidly in position during exposure and so that the slots and photographic image on the strip are in a fixed relation to each other. The
rod 182.
- The numbers of exposures orcopies to be madekof a particular card is regulated by adjusting the lever 154 to any one of the four positions shown in Fig. 18. When in position 1, the cam 153 holds down lever arm 143 so that arm 147 does not engage shoulder 148, with the result that the copy .holder larrns 102 are'rotated with a new card for everyexu posure, and only one copy is made of each card. If the lever 154 is in position R, cani 153 is out of engagement with lever arm 143 and rod 125 is held permanently to the left, as seen in Fig. 15, through the engagement of lever arm 147 with shoulder r148, so that an indefinite number of exposures of each card results, as the copy holder arms 102 are not rotated with each exposure. When the lever 154- is in position 4, shoulder 139' on lever 136 engages a series of pins 132, thus `causingthe lever 136 to be moved downwardly for each pin engagement. This downward movement of the lever 136 also moves rod 140 downwardly, and causes the shoulder 142 to trip the leverarm 143, thus disengag ing the lever arm 147 from the shoulder 148, so that tooth 129 moves the copy holder arm into focus position with a new card. The
pins 132 are so positioned that this movement of the copy holder will take, place after four exposures or photographs are made of each of the cards 52. When arm 154 is in position 2 as seen in Fig. 18, the shoulder 139 will engage both seriesof pins 131 and 132, and in a manner described in a previous paragraph,
the copy holder will be rotated so as to bring a new card intoposition for every two exposures.
When the roll 21 is completely unwound from reel 50, lever 94 moves downwardly, causing the shoulder 99 to close electric switch 100 and actuate audible'or visible signal 101 to indicate that it is necessary to replenish sensitized strip 20. The metal box 74 is then removed from the case after disconnecting the hingedly connected plates 83, and the strip is developed in the usual way and dried. The resulting strip, as shown in Fig. 3, is then cut into cards 27 by severing the nstrip across dotted lines 26. These cards 27 are then fastened together in the form of a chain or series 29 by inserting tabs 25 in slots 22 or 23.
These chains of cards can then be inserted into file pockets 30 by slipping'the bottom of the card chain under ear 40 and the top of the card under fold 32. Out-standing tongues 37 of strips 35 are then inserted under angie strips 38 oi each ile frame, so as to form a series of overlapping pockets. The roll ends 45 at .the bottom of each frame 39,
can then be inserted under angle strip 42 of tile tray 41, and the photographic file cards in chain form can be referred to at any time.
ll would state in conclusion that while the illustrated examples constitute a practical embodiment of my invention, I do not limit myself precisely to the details vherein described, since maniiiestly the same can be considerably modified without departing from 'the spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
1 claim as my invention:
1. 1n an apparatus for preparing photographic file cards, a plurality ot winding reels, a driving wheel between said reels, driving means adapted to cause the intermittent rotation of wheel,YY said driving means including fa resiliently projected means to engage'and operate said driving wheel in order to insure a smooth acceleration of said wheel as it starts its rotation, and means for photographing an object onto the strip during a dwell in the intermittent rmotion thereof.
5. 2. In a photographing machine, a sensitized strip, a suppl reel and a receiving reel for said strip, a drive wheel, means for passing said strip between said reels around said drive wheel, means for rotating said wheel 19 with an intermittent motion, means for punching holes in said strip before the latter passes around said driving wheel, a plurality of radially extending pins arranged around the periphery of said wheel, the outer ends of said pins being adapted to engage said strip holes so as to form positive driving engagement between said Wheel and said strip to prevent slipping of said i strip on said wheel, cam .means for disengaging said pins 20 from said strip during a portion of the revolution of said wheel, and means for photographing the image of an object onto said strip during a dwell in the intermittent motion thereof.
3. In a photographing machine, a sensitized strip, a supply reel and a receiving reel for said strip, a drive wheel, means for passing said strip around said drive wheel, a plurality of pins arranged around said drive wheel, a drive shaft, a driving pawl pivotally and resiliently associated with said drive shaft, said pawl being positioned to resiliently engage said drive wheel so as to cause the intermittent rotation of said drive wheel and movement of said strip and means for photographing the image of an object onto said strip during a dwell in the intermittent motion thereof.
4. In a photographing apparatus, a sensi- 4l) tized strip, means for moving said strip, a
rotatably mounted copy-holder, a plurality of radially extending arms on said copyholder adapted to receive sheets to be photographed, means for automatically rotating said copy-holder through successive arcs so as to successively bring new sheets to be photographed into focus, means for resiliently receiving each arm into locked focus position, means for automatically releasing the arm in focus as said strip moves, and means for causing the image of a sheet to be photographed onto said strip.
5. In a photographing apparatus, a sensitized strip, a drive wheel, means forfiioving said wheel and strip with an intermittent moy tion, a rotatably mounted copy-holder, a
slidably mounted -rod adapted to engage said wheel to cause the reciprocation of said rod, said rod being adapted to engage said copy holder and rotate said copy holder into focus position, and means for causing the image of a sheet to be photographed onto said s rip.
6. In a photographing apparatus, a sensi- 05 tized strip, a drive wheel adapted to move,
and to move said strip with an intermittent motion, a rotatably mounted copy-holder, a slidably mounted rod, means associated with said wheel and rod to cause the reciprocation of said rod, means associated with said rod and copy-holder for rotating said copyholder into focus position when said rod is reciprocated, and means for photographmg the image of the copy onto said strip.l
7. In a photographing machine, a sensi'- tized strip, a driving Wheel for moving. sald strip with an intermittent motion, a copyholder adapted to support an object to be photographed, connecting means engaging said wheel and said copy-holder for moving said copy-holder and object into focus position a selective mechanism, and a plurality of pins associated with said Wheel for actuating said selective mechanism, said selective mechanism being adapted to disengage said copy-holder from said driving means so that said copy-holder remains stationary for a predetermined number of movements of said strip thus causing a predetermined number of photographic copies of each objectV to be automatically made.
8. In a photographing apparatus, a sensitized strip, a driving wheel for moving said strip a succession of predetermined lengths, a copy-holder for supporting an object to be photographed, means engaging said wheel for moving said copy-holder into focus position, a plurality of series of pins associated with said wheel, and a selective mechanism adapted to be moved into engagement with one or more of said series of pins so as to disengage said copy-holder moving mechanism for a predetermined 4number oi movements of said strip, thus causing a predetermined number of photographic copies of each object to be made.
9. A machine for reproducing a series of individual records, comprising a die block having an exposure opening and punch openings adjacent thereto, a pair of reels supporting a sensitized strip for intermittent movement from one to the other past said die block, a movable punch having projections thereon, said punch being movable toward said die block for engaging said strip and clamping it against said die block, and for simultaneously punching openings in said strip through movement of said projections into said punch openings, photographing means for photographing the irnage of a record on said strip while it is held against said die block, said photographing means/having a focal plane at the face of said die block against which said strip is held, said photographing means having a fixed photographing position for a record to be photographed onto said strip, wherebyr a record in said position is accurately photographed on said strip, a shutter mechanism for controlling the photographing means, a
copyholding and feeding mechanism adapted to successively receive,hold and feed a series of individual records for photographing into and out of photographing position and for retaining each of said records successively in photographing position during the operation of the photographing means, a strip .feeding mechanism for intermittently feeding the strip from one reel to the other, and operating means for the machine adapted to secure a timed operation thereof to operate Isaid strip feeding mechanism to intermittently feed said strip, and dur-V ing each dwell in the movement of said strip to secure an operation, first of said movable punch to punch openings in said strip, 'and clamp the same against said die'block, then to secure an operation of said shutter mechi anism for photographing an image of a record held by said copyholding and feeding mechanism in photographing position onto said strip, and to secure the operation of said copyholder and feeding mechanism to feed a record into photographing position during -the movement of said strip.
l0. In anapparatus for reproducing records, a sensitized strip, means for intermittently moving said strip, photographic means for photographing the image of a record on said strip when located in a predetermined photographing position, a copyholding and feeding mechanism for succes- Aet sively receiving and feeding a series of independent records into and out of said predetermined photographing position, operating means for intermittently operating said first mentioned means, and a mechanism for intermittently operating said copyhoiding and feeding mechanism,v operated intermittently and directly by said first mentioned means, wherebyfa record is moved into said predetermined photographing position simulltaneously with the intermittent movement of v esaid` strip, said photographing means being operable to photograph a record on the strip during a dwell in the intermittent motion of saidstrip.
1i. -I'n an apparatus for reproducing records, a sensitized strip, means for intermit" tently moving said strip, photographic means for photographing the image of a record on said strip when located in a prede termined photographing position, a copyholdin and feeding mechanism for receiving an feeding a series of individuali records successively into and out of said predetermined photographing position, operating means for intermittently operating said rst mentioned means, a mechanism for intermittently operating saidfcopyholding andfeeding mechanism, o erated 'intermittently and directly by said rst mentioned means, and means for controlling the'mechanism for operating said copyholding and feeding mechanism to predetermine the number' of copies means for photographing the image of a rec` ord mounted in a predetermined photographing position onto said strip, copyholding and feeding mechanism for successively receiving and feedin a series of independent records into sai predetermined photographing -position,^*operating means for intermittently operating said first mentioned means .to secure the intermittent movement of said strip, and mechanism for operating said copyholding and feeding mechanism directly operated by the first mentioned means having a reciprocatory rod operable by said first mentioned means, adapted in the reciprocation thereof, to move each of said records successively into and out of said predetermined photographing position, Wherekby records may be photographed onto said strip-during a dwell in the intermittent mo-` als paratus, comprising a photographing mechanism having a photographing position for a record to be photogra hed, a focai plane, and an optlcal system or producing a posivtive image of a record in the photographing position at said focal plane, a sensitized strip, strip feeding means intermittently operable for moving said strip past said focal plane to record positive images thereon, in-
"termittentiy operable forming means for cutting said strip to individualize successive portions thereof to provide individuali connected record cards and define the connecting portions between adjacent cards, and means for operating said strip feeding means, forming means and photographing Mii means in synchronized relation for photographing an image of a record on each individualized portion of said strip to form an individual record card.
1d. A, photographic record producing apparatus, comprising a photographing mech- .p anism having a photographing position for a record to be photographed, a focal plane, and an optical system for producing a positive image of a record in the photographing position atsaid focal plane, an imper crate opaque paper strip having a sensitized coatvso ing on a surface thereof, strip feeding means intermittently operable for moving said strip past said focal plane to record positive images thereon, intermittently operable forming means for cutting said strip to individualize successive portions to provide individual separable record cards and define connecting portions between adjacent cards, and means for operating said strip feeding means, forming means and photographing mechanism in synchronized relation for photographing an image in a fixed position on each individualized portion of said strip to form an individual record card.
15. A photographic record producing apparaltus, comprising a photographic mechanisjn having a photographing position" for a record to be photographed, a focal plane, and an optical system for producing a positive image of a record member in said photographing position at said focal plane, an imperforate paper strip having a sensitized coating, strip feeding means intermittently operable for moving said strip past said focal plane to record a positive image thereon during the dwell between each intermittent movementJ thereof, intermittently operabley strip forming means for cutting said strip` contiguous to said focal plane substantially,"simultaneously With the recording of an image thereon during a dwell in the intermittent movement of said strip for successively individualizing portions of saidl strip at said focal plane to provide individual connected record cards having the image on each `card in a fixed relation, and means for operating said strip feeding means, forming means and photographing mechanism in synchronized relation.
16. A photographic record producing apparatus, comprising a photographing mechanism having a photographing position for a record to be photographed, a focal plane, and an optical system for producing a positive image of a record in the photographing position at said focal plane, a sensitized strip, strip feeding means intermittently operable for moving said strip past said focal plane to record positive images thereon, intermittently operable means for individualizing successive portions of said strip to provide individual connected record cards and define the connecting portion between adj acent cards, and means for operating said strip feeding means, intermittently operablemeans and photographing mean/'soin synchronized relation for photographing an image of a record on each individualized portion of said stri to form an individual record card.
1 A photographic record producing apparatus, comprising a photographing mechanism having a photographing position for a record to be photographed, a focal plane, and an optical system for producing a positive image of a record in the photographing position at said focal plane, a sensitized strip,
strip feedingmeans intermittently operable for moving saidstrip past said focal plane to record positive images thereon, intermittently operable means for individualizing successive portions of said strip to provide individual connected record cards and define the connecting portion between adjacent cards, means for feeding records to be photographed into and out of said photographing position, and means for operating said strip feeding means, intermittently operable means, photographing means, and means for feeding records in synchronized relation for photographing an image of a record on each individualized portion of said strip to form an individual record card.
18. A photographic record producing apparatus, comprising a photographing mechanism having a photographing 'position for a record to be photographed, afocal plane, and an optical system for producing a `positive image of a record in the photographing position at said focal plane, a sensitized strip, strip feeding means intermittently operable lfor moving said strip past said focalplane to record positive images thereon, int-ermittently operable means for individualizing successive portions of said strip to provide individual connected record cards and define the connecting portion between adjacent cards, record feeding means for feeding records into and out of said photographing position, means for operating said strip feeding means, intermittently operable means, record feeding means and photographing means in synchronized relation for photographing an image of a record on each individualized portion of said strip to form an individual record card, and means for controlling the operation of said record feeding means'by said last named means for predetermining the number of photographed images of any one record on said strip.
LE ROI E. HUTCHliNGS.
US10265526 1926-04-17 1926-04-17 Photographic copying apparatus Expired - Lifetime US1919433A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10265526 US1919433A (en) 1926-04-17 1926-04-17 Photographic copying apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10265526 US1919433A (en) 1926-04-17 1926-04-17 Photographic copying apparatus
US43096230 US1978381A (en) 1926-04-17 1930-02-24 Filing device
US51644531 US2026500A (en) 1926-04-17 1931-02-17 Filing device and method of making the same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1919433A true US1919433A (en) 1933-07-25

Family

ID=22290972

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10265526 Expired - Lifetime US1919433A (en) 1926-04-17 1926-04-17 Photographic copying apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1919433A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2431662A (en) * 1943-02-20 1947-11-25 Henry W Ralph Microfilm reader and projector for records indexed on microfilm
US2452497A (en) * 1944-03-30 1948-10-26 Remington Rand Inc Control and indexing mechanism for document photographing machines
US2478384A (en) * 1946-01-12 1949-08-09 Eastman Kodak Co Control device for projection printers
US2557026A (en) * 1945-05-10 1951-06-12 Bell & Howell Co Apparatus for photographically recording documents or the like
US2616331A (en) * 1945-09-06 1952-11-04 Pavelle Color Inc Projection printer
US2642773A (en) * 1944-03-27 1953-06-23 Remington Rand Inc Document photographing machine
US2907254A (en) * 1955-12-21 1959-10-06 Ibm Record card controlled electrographic printer
US2910924A (en) * 1952-09-19 1959-11-03 Optische Ind De Oude Delft Nv Device for the insertion and removal of film in mirror cameras
US7703364B2 (en) * 2004-08-11 2010-04-27 Steven Jaksha Card slot punch device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2431662A (en) * 1943-02-20 1947-11-25 Henry W Ralph Microfilm reader and projector for records indexed on microfilm
US2642773A (en) * 1944-03-27 1953-06-23 Remington Rand Inc Document photographing machine
US2452497A (en) * 1944-03-30 1948-10-26 Remington Rand Inc Control and indexing mechanism for document photographing machines
US2557026A (en) * 1945-05-10 1951-06-12 Bell & Howell Co Apparatus for photographically recording documents or the like
US2616331A (en) * 1945-09-06 1952-11-04 Pavelle Color Inc Projection printer
US2478384A (en) * 1946-01-12 1949-08-09 Eastman Kodak Co Control device for projection printers
US2910924A (en) * 1952-09-19 1959-11-03 Optische Ind De Oude Delft Nv Device for the insertion and removal of film in mirror cameras
US2907254A (en) * 1955-12-21 1959-10-06 Ibm Record card controlled electrographic printer
US7703364B2 (en) * 2004-08-11 2010-04-27 Steven Jaksha Card slot punch device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1748489A (en) Photographing apparatus
US1919433A (en) Photographic copying apparatus
US2174660A (en) Film feeding device for projection apparatus
US2335189A (en) Photograph printer
US2968992A (en) Camera apparatus and method of making up printed copy
US2227987A (en) Automatic projection printer
US1801458A (en) Photographic apparatus
US2351399A (en) Photographic apparatus
US2699100A (en) Camera
US2142853A (en) Magazine construction for copying cameras
US2026500A (en) Filing device and method of making the same
US2266426A (en) Photographic camera
US4157221A (en) Strip printer adjustable mask and marker
US1204098A (en) Photographic duplicating and enlarging apparatus.
US1808836A (en) Photographic apparatus
US2891443A (en) Photographic color printer
US2257444A (en) Photographic film transporter
US2126479A (en) Photographic apparatus
US2738704A (en) Strip material advancing mechanism
US2652744A (en) Photographic copying apparatus
US2737095A (en) Camera
US1765277A (en) Photographic reproducing apparatus
US2112838A (en) Photographic printing apparatus
US2148076A (en) Motion picture camera
US1739886A (en) Reproducing or enlarging camera