US20180237209A1 - Integrally Blow-Moulded Bag-in-Container Having an Inner Layer and the Outer Layer Made of the Same Material and Preform for Making It - Google Patents

Integrally Blow-Moulded Bag-in-Container Having an Inner Layer and the Outer Layer Made of the Same Material and Preform for Making It Download PDF

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Publication number
US20180237209A1
US20180237209A1 US15/954,556 US201815954556A US2018237209A1 US 20180237209 A1 US20180237209 A1 US 20180237209A1 US 201815954556 A US201815954556 A US 201815954556A US 2018237209 A1 US2018237209 A1 US 2018237209A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
preform
layer
container
bag
layers
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
US15/954,556
Inventor
Sarah Van Hove
Daniel Peirsman
Rudi Verpoorten
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anheuser Busch InBev SA
Original Assignee
Anheuser Busch InBev SA
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to US11/785,746 priority Critical patent/US20080257883A1/en
Priority to PCT/EP2008/054770 priority patent/WO2008129016A1/en
Priority to US12/450,895 priority patent/US9944453B2/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=42737910&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US20180237209(A1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Application filed by Anheuser Busch InBev SA filed Critical Anheuser Busch InBev SA
Priority to US15/954,556 priority patent/US20180237209A1/en
Publication of US20180237209A1 publication Critical patent/US20180237209A1/en
Priority claimed from US16/582,780 external-priority patent/US20200017282A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/0055Containers or packages provided with a flexible bag or a deformable membrane or diaphragm for expelling the contents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B11/00Making preforms
    • B29B11/14Making preforms characterised by structure or composition
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/0053Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor combined with a final operation, e.g. shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/16Making multilayered or multicoloured articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C49/00Blow-moulding, i.e. blowing a preform or parison to a desired shape within a mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C49/02Combined blow-moulding and manufacture of the preform or the parison
    • B29C49/06Injection blow-moulding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C49/00Blow-moulding, i.e. blowing a preform or parison to a desired shape within a mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C49/22Blow-moulding, i.e. blowing a preform or parison to a desired shape within a mould; Apparatus therefor using multilayered preforms or parisons
    • B29C49/221Blow-moulding, i.e. blowing a preform or parison to a desired shape within a mould; Apparatus therefor using multilayered preforms or parisons at least one layer being injected
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D23/00Details of bottles or jars not otherwise provided for
    • B65D23/02Linings or internal coatings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D25/00Details of other kinds or types of rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D25/14Linings or internal coatings
    • B65D25/16Loose, or loosely-attached, linings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B2911/00Indexing scheme related to making preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14006Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration
    • B29B2911/14046Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered
    • B29B2911/14053Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered at neck portion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B2911/00Indexing scheme related to making preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14006Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration
    • B29B2911/14046Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered
    • B29B2911/14066Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered at flange portion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B2911/00Indexing scheme related to making preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14006Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration
    • B29B2911/14046Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered
    • B29B2911/1408Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered at body portion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B2911/00Indexing scheme related to making preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14006Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration
    • B29B2911/14046Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered
    • B29B2911/14093Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered at bottom portion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B2911/00Indexing scheme related to making preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14006Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration
    • B29B2911/14046Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered
    • B29B2911/14106Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered having at least one layer
    • B29B2911/14113Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered having at least one layer having at least two layers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B2911/00Indexing scheme related to making preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14006Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration
    • B29B2911/14046Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered
    • B29B2911/14133Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered having at least one layer being injected
    • B29B2911/1414Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like layer configuration multilayered having at least one layer being injected having at least two layers being injected
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B2911/00Indexing scheme related to making preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/1432Geometry
    • B29B2911/14326Variable wall thickness
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B2911/00Indexing scheme related to making preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/1432Geometry
    • B29B2911/14333Variable diameter
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B2911/00Indexing scheme related to making preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/14Layer configuration, geometry, dimensions or physical properties of preforms for blow-moulding bottles or the like
    • B29B2911/1432Geometry
    • B29B2911/14353Special shape
    • B29B2911/14406Special shape of specific parts of preform
    • B29B2911/1442Special neck
    • B29B2911/14433Closure retaining means
    • B29B2911/1444Threads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/16Making multilayered or multicoloured articles
    • B29C2045/1601Making multilayered or multicoloured articles the injected materials not being adhered or bonded to each other
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/16Making multilayered or multicoloured articles
    • B29C45/1684Injecting parison-like articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2023/00Use of polyalkenes or derivatives thereof as moulding material
    • B29K2023/04Polymers of ethylene
    • B29K2023/06PE, i.e. polyethylene
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
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    • B29K2023/00Use of polyalkenes or derivatives thereof as moulding material
    • B29K2023/04Polymers of ethylene
    • B29K2023/06PE, i.e. polyethylene
    • B29K2023/0608PE, i.e. polyethylene characterised by its density
    • B29K2023/065HDPE, i.e. high density polyethylene
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
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    • B29K2023/00Use of polyalkenes or derivatives thereof as moulding material
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    • B29K2067/003PET, i.e. poylethylene terephthalate
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    • B29K2105/00Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped
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    • B29K2105/258Tubular
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    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/712Containers; Packaging elements or accessories, Packages
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/13Hollow or container type article [e.g., tube, vase, etc.]
    • Y10T428/1352Polymer or resin containing [i.e., natural or synthetic]

Abstract

The invention is an integrally blow-moulded bag-in-container and preform for making it. The bag-in-container has an inner layer forming the bag and an outer layer forming the container, and a mouth fluidly connecting the volume defined by the bag to the atmosphere. The container further has at least one interface vent fluidly connecting the interface between inner and outer layers to the atmosphere, wherein the at least one vent runs parallel to the interface between inner and outer layers and opens to the atmosphere at a location adjacent to, and oriented coaxially with the bag-in-container's mouth. Processes for manufacturing a preform and a bag-in-container as defined above are defined too.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates in general to new developments in dispensing bag-in-containers and, in particular, to integrally blow-moulded bag-in-containers made of a single material. It also relates to a method for producing said bag-in-containers and, in particular, to preforms used for their production, as well as a method for producing said preform.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Bag-in-containers, also referred to as bag-in-bottles or bag-in-boxes depending on the geometry of the outer vessel, all terms considered herein as being comprised within the meaning of the term bag-in-container, are a family of liquid dispensing packaging consisting of an outer container comprising an opening to the atmosphere—the mouth—and which contains a collapsible inner bag joined to said container and opening to the atmosphere at the region of said mouth. The system must comprise at least one vent fluidly connecting the atmosphere to the region between the inner bag and the outer container in order to control the pressure in said region to squeeze the inner bag and thus dispense the liquid contained therein.
  • Traditionally, bag-in-containers were and still are produced by independently producing an inner bag provided with a specific neck closure assembly and a structural container (usually in the form of a bottle). The bag is inserted into the fully formed bottle opening and fixed thereto by means of the neck closure assembly, which comprises one opening to the interior of the bag and vents fluidly connecting the space between bag and bottle to the atmosphere; examples of such constructions can be found inter alia in U.S. Pat. No. 3,484,011, U.S. Pat. No. 3,450,254, U.S. Pat. No. 4,330,066, and U.S. Pat. No. 4,892,230. These types of bag-in-containers have the advantage of being reusable, but they are very expensive and labour-intensive to produce.
  • More recent developments focused on the production of “integrally blow-moulded bag-in-containers” thus avoiding the labour intensive step of assembling the bag into the container, by blow-moulding a polymeric multilayer preform into a container comprising an inner layer and an outer layer, such that the adhesion between the inner and the outer layers of the thus produced container is sufficiently weak to readily delaminate upon introduction of a gas at the interface. The “inner layer” and “outer layer” may each consist of a single layer or a plurality of layers, but can in any case readily be identified, at least upon delamination. Said technology involves many challenges, and many alternative solutions were proposed.
  • The multilayer preform may be extruded or injection moulded (cf. U.S. Pat. No. 6,238,201, JPA10128833, JPA11010719, JPA9208688, U.S. Pat. No. 6,649,121). When the former method is advantageous in terms of productivity, the latter is preferable when wall thickness accuracy is required, typically in containers for dispensing beverage.
  • The formation of the vents fluidly connecting the space or interface between bag and bottle to the atmosphere remains a critical step in integrally blow-moulded bag-in-containers and several solutions were proposed in, e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 5,301,838, U.S. Pat. No. 5,407,629, JPA5213373, JPA8001761, EPA1356915, U.S. Pat. No. 6,649,121, JPA10180853.
  • Preforms for the production of integrally blow-moulded bag-in-containers clearly differ from preforms for the production of blow-moulded co-layered containers, wherein the various layers of the container are not meant to delaminate, in the thickness of the layers. A bag-in-container is comprised of an outer structural envelope containing a flexible, collapsible bag. It follows that the outer layer of the container is substantially thicker than the inner bag. This same relationship can of course be found in the preform as well, which are characterized by an inner layer being substantially thinner than the outer layer. Moreover, in some cases, the preform already comprised vents which are never present in preforms for the production of co-layered containers (cf. EPA1356915).
  • One redundant problem with integrally blow-moulded bag-in-containers is the choice of materials for the inner and outer layers which must be selected according to strict criteria of compatibility in terms of processing on the one hand and, on the other hand, of incompatibility in terms of adhesion. These criteria are sometimes difficult to fulfil in combination as illustrated below.
  • Addressing processing compatibility, EPA1356915 and U.S. Pat. No. 6,649,121 proposed that the melting temperature of the outer layer should be higher than the one of the inner layer in order to allow production of integral preforms by injection moulding the outer layer thereof, followed by injecting thereover the inner layer. Examples of materials for the outer layer given by the authors include PET and EVOH, whilst polyethylene is given as an example for the inner layer. Though this materials selection could be advantageous for the injection moulding production of the preforms, it is far from optimal for the blow-moulding step since polyethylene and PET are characterized by different blow-moulding temperatures. Again, in U.S. Pat. No. 6,238,201 a method is described including coextruding a two layer parison followed by blow-moulding the parison into a bag-in-container wherein the outer layer preferably comprised an olefin and the inner layer an amorphous polyamide.
  • Concerning the materials choice for a weak interfacial adhesion required for ensuring proper delamination of the inner layer from the outer layer upon use, mention is made in JP2005047172 of “mutually non-adhesive synthetic resins.” In the review of the background art in U.S. Pat. No. 5,921,416 the use of release layers interleafed between inner and outer layers, forming three- or five-layer structures is mentioned. An example of such construction is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,301,838 which discloses a complex five layer preform comprising three PET layers interleafed by two thin layers of a material selected from the group of EVOH, PP, PE, PA6. Here again, beside the complexity involved with the production of such preforms, substantial differences in blow-moulding temperatures characterize these different materials. Last but not least, the use of different materials renders recycling of such bag-in-containers problematic as the bag cannot be removed easily from the container after use.
  • It follows from the foregoing that there remains a need in the field of integrally blow-moulded bag-in-containers, with respect to the choice of materials for the inner and outer layers as well as for recyclability of the bag-in-containers after use.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention is defined in the appended independent claims. Preferred embodiments are defined in the dependent claims. In particular the present invention relates to an integrally blow-moulded bag-in-container wherein the same polymer is in contact on either side of the interface between the inner and outer layers.
  • It also concerns a preform for blow-moulding a bag-in-container, having an inner layer and an outer layer, wherein the preform forms a two-layer container upon blow-moulding, and wherein the thus obtained inner layer of the container releases from the thus obtained outer layer upon introduction of a gas at a point of interface between the two layers. The inner and outer layers are the same material.
  • A preferred embodiment the preform according to the present invention is an assembly having a first preform for the inner layer, and a second preform for the outer layer such that the first preform fits into the second preform.
  • In an alternative embodiment, the preform is an integral preform obtained by injection moulding one layer over the other.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1A is a schematic cross-sectional representation of a first embodiment of a preform according to the present invention and the bag-in-container obtained after blow-moulding thereof.
  • FIG. 1B: is a schematic cross-sectional representation of a second embodiment of a preform according to the present invention and the bag-in-container obtained after blow-moulding thereof
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • Referring now to appended FIGS. 1A and 1B, there is illustrated an integrally blow-moulded bag-in-container (2) and a preform (1)&(1′) for its manufacturing. The preform (1) comprises an inner layer (11) and an outer layer (12) joined at least at the level of the neck region (6) by an interface (shown on the right hand side). The region between inner and outer layers (11) and (12) may either consist of an interface (14) wherein the two layers are substantially contacting each other, or comprise a gap (14′) in fluid communication with at least one vent (3) opening to the atmosphere in (4).
  • Many vent geometries have been disclosed and it is not critical which geometry is selected. It is preferred, however, that the vent be located adjacent to, and oriented coaxially with said preform's mouth (5) as illustrated in FIG. 1. More preferably, the vents have the shape of a wedge with the broad side at the level of the opening (4) thereof and getting thinner as it penetrates deeper into the vessel, until the two layers meet to form an interface (14) at least at the level of the neck region. This geometry allows for a more efficient and reproducible delamination of the inner bag upon use of the bag-in-container. The container may comprise one or several vents evenly distributed around the lip of the bag-in-container's mouth. Several vents are advantageous as they permit the interface of the inner and outer layers (21) and (22) of the bag-in-container (2) to release more evenly upon blowing pressurized gas through said vents. Preferably, the preform comprises two vents opening at the vessel's mouth lip at diametrically opposed positions. More preferably, three, and most preferably, at least four vents open at regular intervals of the mouth lip.
  • The preform may consist of an assembly of two separate preforms (11) and (12) produced independently from one another and thereafter assembled such that the inner preform (11) fits into the outer preform (12). This solution allows for greater freedom in the design of the neck and vents. Alternatively, it can be an integral preform obtained by injection moulding one layer on top of the other. The latter embodiment is advantageous over the assembled preform in that it comprises no assembly step and one production station only is required for the preform fabrication. On the other hand, the design of the vents in particular is restricted by this process.
  • When intuition suggests, and all the prior art teaches to use “[different and] mutually nonadhesive synthetic resins” for the inner and outer layers of a preform for making a bag-in-container (cf. JPA2005047172), it has surprisingly been discovered that excellent delamination results between the inner and outer layers can be obtained also with preforms wherein both inner and outer layers consist of the same material. Similar results were obtained both with preform assemblies as well as with integral preforms. In the case of integral, over-moulded preforms, it is generally believed that better results are obtained with semi-crystalline polymers.
  • Preferred materials for the layers of the preform and bag-in-container of the present invention are polyesters like PET, PEN, PTT, PTN; polyamides like PA6, PA66, PA11, PA12; polyolefins like PE, PP; EVOH; biodegradable polymers like polyglycol acetate (PGAc), Polylactic acid (PLA); and copolymers and blends thereof.
  • The same polymer is considered in contact on either side of the interface between the inner and outer layers in the following cases:
      • inner and outer layers consist of the same material (e.g., PETinner-PETouter, regardless of the specific grade of each PET); or
      • the inner and outer layers consist of a blend or copolymer having at least one polymer in common, provided said polymer in common is at the interface, whilst the differing polymer is substantially absent of said interface (e.g., (0.85 PET+0.15 PA6)inner(0.8 PET+0.2 PE)outer.
  • The presence of low amounts of additives is not regarded as departing from the scope of the present invention so far they do not alter the interface substantially.
  • The two layers (11) and (12) of the preform may be connected by an interface (14) throughout substantially the whole inner surface of the outer layer (cf. (1) in FIG. 1A). Inversely, they may be separated over a substantial area of the preform's body by a gap (14′) containing air and which is in fluid communication with at least one interface vent (3) (cf. (1′) in FIG. 1B). The latter embodiment is easier to realize when using a preform assembly designed such that the inner preform is firmly fixed to the outer preform at the neck region (6) and a substantial gap (14) may thus be formed between inner and outer layers (11) and (12).
  • The bag-in-container (2) of the present invention can be obtained by providing a preform as described above; bringing said preform to blow-moulding temperature; fixing the thus heated preform at the level of the neck region with fixing means in the blow-moulding tool; and blow-moulding the thus heated preform to form a bag-in-container. The inner and outer layers (21) and (22) of the thus obtained bag-in-container are connected to one another by an interface (24) over substantially the whole of the inner surface of the outer layer. Said interface (24) is in fluid communication with the atmosphere through the vents (3), which maintained their original geometry through the blow-moulding process since the neck region of the preform where the vents are located is held firm by the fixing means and is not stretched during blowing.
  • It is essential that the interface (24) between inner and outer layers (21) and (22) releases upon blowing pressurized gas through the vents in a consistent and reproducible manner. The success of said operation depends on a number of parameters, in particular, on the interfacial adhesive strength, the number, geometry, and distribution of the vents, and on the pressure of the gas injected. The interfacial strength is of course a key issue and can be modulated by the choice of the material for the inner and outer layers, and by the process parameters during blow-moulding; the pressuretimetemperaturc window used is of course of prime importance and greatly depends on the material selected for the inner and outer layers.
  • Excellent results can be obtained if the blow-moulding process is carried out on a preform as described above, of the type wherein a gap containing air separates the inner and outer layers over a substantial area of the preform's body and wherein said gap is in fluid communication with at least one interface vent and wherein,
      • in a first stage, a gas is blown into the space defined by the inner layer to stretch the preform, whilst the air in the gap separating the preform inner and outer layers is prevented from being evacuated by closing said at least one preform interface vent with a valve located in the fixing means; and
      • in a second stage, when the air pressure building up in said gap reaches a preset value, the valve opens thus allowing evacuation of the air enclosed in the gap.
  • By this method, the inner layer is prevented from entering into contact with the outer layer by the air cushion enclosed within the gap separating the two layers when their respective temperatures are the highest. As stretching proceeds, the gap becomes thinner and air pressure within the gap increases. When the pressure reaches a preset value, the valve closing the vent opening releases, the air is ejected, and the inner layer is permitted to contact the outer layer and form an interface therewith at a stage where their respective temperatures have dropped to a level where adhesion between the layers cannot build up to any substantial level.
  • A release agent may be applied at the interface on either or both surfaces of the inner and outer preforms, which arc to form the interface of the bag-in-container. Any release agents available on the market and best adapted to the material used for the preform and resisting the blowing temperatures, like silicon- or PTFE-based release agents (e.g., Freekote) may be used. The release agent may be applied just prior to loading the preforms into the blowmoulding unit, or the preforms may be supplied pretreated.
  • The application of a release agent is particularly beneficial with respect to the design of the inner layer. Indeed, lowering the interferential adhesive strength facilitates delamination of the inner layer from the outer layer and hence reduces stress exerted on the inner layer upon delamination, as such the inner layer can be designed very thin and flexible without risking that the inner layer is damaged upon delamination. Clearly, the flexibility of the inner bag is a key parameter for the liquid dispensing and moreover costs savings can be achieved in terms on material savings when the inner layer can be designed very thin.
  • Additionally, application of the release agent allows a reduction of the width of the gap separating the inner and outer layers. By reducing the width of said gap, the inner layer of the preform can be designed with a same thickness but a larger radial cross section, resulting in a reduction of the stretch ratio of the inner layer during blow-moulding and hence a reducing potential formation of micro-cracks in the inner layer.
  • EXAMPLE
  • A preform according to the present invention was produced by injecting a melt into a first mould cavity to form the preform's inner layer (11). A melt was injected into a second mould cavity cooled to form the preform's outer layer (12). The two preform components were assembled to form a preform according to the present invention.
  • The preform produced as explained above was heated in an oven comprising an array of IR-lamps and then fixed into a blow-moulding mould which walls were maintained at a desired temperature. Air was blown into the preform under pressure. The thus produced bag-in-container was then filled with a liquid and connected to an appliance for dispensing beverage comprising a source of compressed air in order to determine the delamination pressure.
  • The delamination pressure was determined as follows. The interface vents of said bag-in-container were connected to the source of compressed air. Air was injected through the vents at a constant pressure and the interface between inner and outer layers was observed; the pressure was increased stepwise until delamination pressure was reached. Delamination pressure is defined as the pressure at which the inner bag separates from the outer layer over the whole of their interface and collapses. The surfaces of the thus separated layers were examined for traces of bonding.
  • The delamination pressure of the bag-in-container described above was of about 05±0.1 bar overpressure and showed little trace of cohesive fracture between the inner and outer layers. This example demonstrates that bag-in-containers of excellent quality can be produced with integral preforms according to the present invention.

Claims (14)

1. An integrally blow-moulded bag-in-container comprising the same polymer in contact on either side of the interface between the inner and outer layers.
2. The bag-in-container according to claim 1 wherein the inner and outer layers comprise a semicrystalline material.
3. The bag-in-container according to claim 2, wherein the inner and outer layer consist of a material selected from PET, PEN, PTT, PA, PP, PE, HDPE, EVOH, PGAc, PLA, and copolymers or blends thereof.
4. The bag-in-container according to claim 1, wherein it further comprises at least one vent in the shape of a wedge with the broad side at the level of the opening thereof and getting thinner as it penetrates deeper into the vessel, until the inner and outer layers meet to form an interface.
5. The bag-in-container according to claim 1, wherein more than one vent is distributed around the lip of the bag-in-container's mouth.
6. A preform for blow-moulding a bag-in-container, comprising: an inner layer and an outer layer, wherein a preform forms a two layer container upon blow-moulding, and wherein the thus obtained inner layer of said container releases from the thus obtained outer layer upon introduction of a gas at at least one point of interface between the two layers, wherein the inner and outer layers are the same material.
7. The preform according to claim 6 wherein the inner and outer layers are of a semicrystalline material.
8. The preform according to claim 7, wherein the inner and outer layer consist of a material selected from PET, PEN, PTT, PA, PP, PE, HDPE, EVOH, PGAc, PLA, and copolymers or blends thereof.
9. The preform according to claim 6, wherein the at least one point of interface is a vent in the shape of a wedge with the broad side at the level of the opening thereof and getting thinner as it penetrates deeper into the vessel, until the inner and outer layers meet to form an interface.
10. The preform according to claim 6, wherein more than one vent is distributed around the lip of the preform's mouth.
11. The preform according to claim 6, wherein the inner and outer layers of the preform are connected by an interface throughout substantially the whole inner surface of the outer layer.
12. The preform according to claim 6, wherein the inner and outer layers of the preform are separated over a substantial area of the preform's body by a gap containing air and which is in fluid communication with at least one interface vent.
13. The preform according to claim 6, having an assembly of two separate inner and outer preforms fitted into one another.
14. The preform according to claim 6, having an integral preform obtained by injection moulding one layer on top of the other.
US15/954,556 2007-04-19 2018-04-16 Integrally Blow-Moulded Bag-in-Container Having an Inner Layer and the Outer Layer Made of the Same Material and Preform for Making It Pending US20180237209A1 (en)

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PCT/EP2008/054770 WO2008129016A1 (en) 2007-04-19 2008-04-18 Integrally blow-moulded bag-in-container having an inner layer and the outer layer made of the same material and preform for making it
US12/450,895 US9944453B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2008-04-18 Integrally blow-moulded bag-in-container having an inner layer and the outer layer made of the same material and preform for making it
US15/954,556 US20180237209A1 (en) 2007-04-19 2018-04-16 Integrally Blow-Moulded Bag-in-Container Having an Inner Layer and the Outer Layer Made of the Same Material and Preform for Making It

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US9517876B2 (en) 2016-12-13
US9944453B2 (en) 2018-04-17
US20100239799A1 (en) 2010-09-23

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