US20130186030A1 - Grout tube holder and spacer - Google Patents

Grout tube holder and spacer Download PDF

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Publication number
US20130186030A1
US20130186030A1 US13/736,224 US201313736224A US2013186030A1 US 20130186030 A1 US20130186030 A1 US 20130186030A1 US 201313736224 A US201313736224 A US 201313736224A US 2013186030 A1 US2013186030 A1 US 2013186030A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
spacer
central
free
grout tube
concrete
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US13/736,224
Inventor
Eric G. HEBERT, JR.
Original Assignee
Eric G. HEBERT, JR.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201261588271P priority Critical
Application filed by Eric G. HEBERT, JR. filed Critical Eric G. HEBERT, JR.
Priority to US13/736,224 priority patent/US20130186030A1/en
Publication of US20130186030A1 publication Critical patent/US20130186030A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F21/00Implements for finishing work on buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C5/00Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
    • E04C5/16Auxiliary parts for reinforcements, e.g. connectors, spacers, stirrups
    • E04C5/162Connectors or means for connecting parts for reinforcements
    • E04C5/163Connectors or means for connecting parts for reinforcements the reinforcements running in one single direction
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G15/00Forms or shutterings for making openings, cavities, slits, or channels
    • E04G15/06Forms or shutterings for making openings, cavities, slits, or channels for cavities or channels in walls of floors, e.g. for making chimneys
    • E04G15/061Non-reusable forms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/18Adjusting tools; Templates
    • E04G21/1841Means for positioning building parts or elements
    • E04G21/185Means for positioning building parts or elements for anchoring elements or elements to be incorporated in the structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/20Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of concrete or other stone-like material, e.g. with reinforcements or tensioning members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C5/00Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
    • E04C5/01Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings
    • E04C5/06Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings of high bending resistance, i.e. of essentially three-dimensional extent, e.g. lattice girders
    • E04C5/0604Prismatic or cylindrical reinforcement cages composed of longitudinal bars and open or closed stirrup rods
    • E04C5/0618Closed cages with spiral- or coil-shaped stirrup rod
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C5/00Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
    • E04C5/08Members specially adapted to be used in prestressed constructions
    • E04C5/10Ducts

Abstract

A spacer for securing a grout tube to a frame prior to the pouring of concrete to form a concrete structure. The spacer comprises a central portion and two free ends extending from the central portion. The central portion surrounds at least a portion of the grout tube and the free ends are fastened in some fashion to the frame. A plurality of spacers can be utilized for securing the grout tube in place. The central portion is preferably circular and the manipulation of the free ends can expand or contract the diameter of the central portion.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • The present application claims priority to provisional patent application 61/588,271 which was filed on Jan. 19, 2012, and is hereby expressly incorporated by reference.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • There are numerous concrete products used in the construction industry in a variety of applications, such as foundations for supporting structures, as bridge and deck panels, and as beams for structures, just to name a few. Concrete is a material that is very strong in compression but relatively weak in tension. Masonry structures and the mortar holding them together have similar properties to concrete and also have a limited ability to carry tensile loads.
  • In order to compensate for this imbalance in the behavior of concrete and masonry structures, reinforcement bars, which are common steel bars, are typically used as a tensioning device to produce reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry structures. These reinforcement bars, commonly called “rebars”, are usually formed from carbon steel, and are given ridges for better mechanical anchoring into the concrete. While any material with sufficient tensile strength could conceivably be used to reinforce concrete, steel and concrete have similar coefficients of thermal expansion. Therefore, a concrete structural member reinforced with steel will experience minimal stress as a result of differential expansions of the two interconnected materials caused by temperature changes.
  • Traditional reinforced concrete is based on the use of rebars cast into a poured concrete structure. In addition, pre-stressed concrete is a method for further overcoming concrete's natural weakness in tension. It can be used to produce beams, floors or bridges with a longer span than is practical with ordinary reinforced concrete. Pre-stressing tendons, generally of high tensile steel cable, are used to provide a clamping load which produces a compressive stress that balances the tensile stress that the concrete compression member would otherwise experience due to a bending load.
  • One concrete product that utilizes the foregoing principles is a prefabricated concrete pile used to support foundations. These piles are driven into the ground using a device such as a pile driver. Concrete piles are available in a variety of cross-sectional shapes, including square, octagonal, and round cross-sections, and they are reinforced with rebar and are often pre-stressed. Foundations relying on concrete driven piles often have groups of piles connected by a pile cap (a large concrete block into which the heads of the piles are embedded) to distribute loads which are larger than one pile can bear. Pile caps and isolated piles are typically connected with the piles to tie the foundation elements together, so that lighter structural elements bear on the piles while heavier elements bear directly on the pile cap.
  • In the manufacture of reinforced and pre-stressed concrete structures, such as piles, a form of the desired shape is used with reinforcing spaced-apart steel bars positioned to create a frame. Then rebars or grout tubes are used to further strengthen the structure. When utilized, the rebars or grout tube must be centered and held in place as the concrete is poured to form the structure. Securing the rebars or grout tube within the steel bar frame is currently done by hand, using wires and cables to tie the rebars or grout tube to the frame. This is a time consuming and expensive process.
  • There is therefore a need for an improved way of securing a grout tube and rebars in place while the concrete is poured to form the concrete structure.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention is for preformed wire spacers that are shaped to grasp a grout tube and secure it to the steel frame within a concrete form. The spacer is formed from a continuous length of spring steel, wire that has a circular central portion of sufficient size to surround the grout tube. The free ends of the spacer extend outwardly from the central portion and are formed with hooks extending, with one free end having both a handle and a hook. Being a continuous length of spring steel, the central portion has a double wrap or overlapping portion which provides for the diameter of the central portion to be temporarily expanded in diameter by grasping the free ends and applying force to expand the central portion's size. This allows the spacer to be easily combined with the grout tube, since the spacers and tube can move relative to each other. Multiple spacers are used on a single tube and are spaced apart a distance to provide the proper support and positioning of the tube relevant to the frame and the finished concrete form.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a front view of a first embodiment of the invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a side view of the first embodiment of the invention;
  • FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the invention;
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a steel frame for a concrete beam which shows the spacers secured in place on the steel frame;
  • FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing a grout tube with spacers in place to illustrate the positioning of the spacers on the tubes; and
  • FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a finished concrete beam and shows the opening created by the grout tube.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 show the preferred embodiment of the invention. A spacer 20 comprises a central portion 22 and a pair of free ends 24. The free ends 24, 26 extend outwardly from the central portion 22. Preferably the free ends 24, 26 extend in opposite directions and are one-hundred eighty degrees apart. The spacer 20 is formed from a single continuous length of spring steel wire.
  • In the preferred embodiment, the central portion 22 transitions to the free ends 24, 26 at an angle. Additionally, the angle designated as A in FIG. 1 is preferably between 60 and 90 degrees, with 75 degrees being shown in FIG. 1. The angle A can have an effect on the force needed to expand the central portion 22 as further discussed below.
  • Free end 24 has a fastener 27 which is preferably a hook 28 formed at its outer end 29 while free end 26 has a fastener 31 again preferably a hook 32, and a handle 34 at its outer end 35. The hooks 28, 32 engage a frame 40 of a future concrete structure as shown in FIG. 4, Hooks 28, 32 grasp rebars 44 that form the frame 40 for the concrete structure, or, can be hooked over cables 46 on opposite sides of the frame 40. The preferred embodiment has the handle 34 on one free end only, in the figures, free end 26.
  • Handle 34 provides a grip for installing the spacer 20 by first securing the hook 28 over a portion of the frame 40 or cable 46 after which handle 34 is grasped to secure the hook 32 over a portion of the frame 40 or the cable 46 on the opposite side of the frame 40. Again, the angle of the handle 34 and the hook 32 can be varied, however, the angle designated as B shown in FIG. 1 is approximately 45 degrees. The angle B can allow a user easier access to the handle and allow the user to more easily apply force to the spacer 22 during installation.
  • The curved portions 50 of the spacer 20 are contiguous and form a secondary structure 52 in the central portion 22. Preferably the curved portions 50 touch against each other within at least a portion of the central portion 22, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. The secondary structure 52 in the preferred embodiment is a loop 54 which is circular. This structure and the use of spring steel for the spacer 20 provide for quick and easy installation of the spacer 20 on the frame 40.
  • Once spacers 20 are installed on the frame 40, a grout tube 12 can easily be slid through the spacers which position the grout tube 12 in the approximate center of the form resulting in a finished product as shown in FIG. 6. FIG. 5 shows a grout tube 12 with spacers 20 installed on it. In this instance, the grout tube 12 can be positioned inside the frame 40 and the spacers 20 hooked onto the frame 40 in the manner described above. In either case, it is evident that use of spacers 20 greatly reduces the time and effort to produce concrete products of this type and therefore significantly reduces the cost of the products a reinforced concrete beam or concrete pile 10 produced using a grout tube 12. Referring to FIG. 6, the grout tube 12 provides an opening through which rebars (not shown) can be inserted to anchor the pile or beam 10 in place in a structure where beams 10 or piles are used.
  • As is well known to those skilled in the art, a typical concrete pile or beam 10 is produced in a concrete form (not shown) of the desired length and cross-sectional shape. Referring to FIG. 4, the pile or beam almost always is produced using rebars 14 to form the frame 40 and high tensile cables 46 which may be pre-stressed, as described above. FIG. 4 illustrates the skeleton metal frame in which a grout tube 12 can be placed.
  • Although it is contemplated that the spacer 20 will have a set diameter “d” for accommodating a specific sized grout tube, the size of the spacer 20, particularly the diameter of the central portion 22 can be varied during the manufacturing process to accommodate a specific sized grout tube. Additionally, the preferred material used to make the spacer 20 is spring steel which allows the spacer to have some flexibility. The flexibility allows the spacer 20 to go from its static first position to a second position when force is applied on the free ends 24, 26 toward the center portion 22. This application of force expands the diameter of the center portion 22. The greater the force applied the greater the expansion of the diameter of the center portion. Once the force is released, the spacer 20 returns to its normal first position. The ability to expand allows a particular spacer 20 to accommodate a variety of sizes of grout tubes.
  • The above description is for a preferred embodiment. There are numerous contemplated changes to the spacer which could vary from the preferred embodiment. Beginning with the free ends 24, 26, a variety of fasteners, other than hooks, with the ability to engage a portion of the frame 40 or cables 46. Similarly, the shape of the center portion 22 could be varied without making the spacer 20 inoperable. Furthermore, another embodiment could utilize a center portion 22 which does not entirely wrap around the grout tube. Instead, the center portion 22 could be a semi circle which wraps around only a portion of the grout tube 12. For instance, if the center portion wrapped the left side of the grout tube 12, then the next flanking spacer 20 could wrap the right side of the grout tube 12. Accordingly the grout tube 12 could be secured within the frame 40 without a complete circular center portion 22.
  • Having thus described the invention in connection with certain embodiments, it will be obvious that the same may be varied in many ways. Such variations are not to be regarded as a departure from the spirit and scope of the invention, and all such modifications as would be obvious to one skilled in the art are intended to be included within the scope of the invention.

Claims (20)

What is claimed is as follows:
1. A preformed spacer for holding a grout tube and securing it to a frame within a concrete form, the spacer comprising:
a central portion of sufficient size to surround the grout tube;
free ends that extend outwardly from the central portion;
the free ends comprising a fastener;
the fastener capable of engaging the frame;
whereby the grout tube can be held in a predetermined position.
2. The spacer of claim 1, wherein:
at least one of the fasteners is a hook.
3. The spacer of claim 2, wherein:
the spacer is a length of spring steel wire.
4. The spacer of claim 3, wherein:
the length of spring steel wire is continuous.
5. The spacer of claim 4, wherein:
the central portion having a secondary structure that allows the central portion to be temporarily expanded by grasping the free ends and applying force to expand the central portion's size.
6. The spacer of claim 5, wherein:
the central portion comprises the secondary structure.
7. The spacer of claim 6, wherein:
the secondary structure is a loop.
8. The spacer of claim 7, wherein:
the loop is a circle.
9. The spacer of claim 8, wherein:
the circle has a certain diameter at a first position of the spacer;
the certain diameter is greater at a second position of the spacer.
10. The spacer of claim 9, wherein:
at least one the free ends comprises a handle;
the handle allows a user of the spacer to easily grasp the at least one free end and apply a pressure to expand the diameter of the center portion.
11. The spacer of claim 10, wherein:
the secondary structure overlaps with a first portion of the center portion.
12. A preformed spacer for holding a grout tube and securing it to a frame within a concrete form, the spacer comprising:
a central portion of a sufficient size to substantially surround the grout tube;
free ends that extend outwardly from the central portion;
the free ends comprising a fastener;
the fastener capable of engaging the frame;
whereby the grout tube can be held in a predetermined position.
13. The spacer of claim 12, wherein:
at least one of the fasteners is a hook.
14. The spacer of claim 2, wherein:
the spacer is a length of spring steel wire.
15. The spacer of claim 3, wherein:
the length of spring, steel wire is continuous.
16. A preformed spacer for holding a grout tube and securing it to a frame within a concrete form, the spacer comprising:
a central portion of sufficient size to surround the grout tube;
free ends that extend outwardly from the central portion;
the free ends comprising a fastener;
the fastener capable of engaging the frame;
whereby the grout tube can be held in a predetermined position; and
at least one of the fasteners is a hook;
the central portion having a secondary structure that allows the central portion to be temporarily expanded by grasping the free ends and applying force to expand the central portion's size.
17. The spacer of claim 16, wherein:
the spacer is a length of spring steel wire.
18. The spacer of claim 17, wherein:
the length of spring steel wire is continuous.
19. The spacer of claim 18, wherein:
the secondary structure is a loop;
the loop is a circle.
20. The spacer of claim 19, wherein:
the circle has a certain diameter at a first position of the spacer;
the certain diameter is greater at a second position of the spacer.
at least one the free ends comprises a handle;
the handle allows a user of the spacer to easily grasp the at least one free end and apply a pressure to expand the diameter.
US13/736,224 2012-01-19 2013-01-08 Grout tube holder and spacer Abandoned US20130186030A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201261588271P true 2012-01-19 2012-01-19
US13/736,224 US20130186030A1 (en) 2012-01-19 2013-01-08 Grout tube holder and spacer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US13/736,224 US20130186030A1 (en) 2012-01-19 2013-01-08 Grout tube holder and spacer

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US20130186030A1 true US20130186030A1 (en) 2013-07-25

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CA (1) CA2801317A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9719245B1 (en) * 2016-05-30 2017-08-01 Indian Institute Technology Lateral reinforcement system and method for concrete structures
US10711449B2 (en) * 2016-04-28 2020-07-14 Precase India Infrastructures Pvt. Ltd. System for wall to wall connection for precast shear walls and method thereof
USD928985S1 (en) * 2019-11-14 2021-08-24 Gen-Probe Incorporated Sample carrier

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1159628A (en) * 1913-11-05 1915-11-09 Albert W Webb Rope-clamp.
US1226954A (en) * 1916-05-24 1917-05-22 Philip S Easterday Reinforced concrete construction.
US2196552A (en) * 1938-10-28 1940-04-09 William H F Garloff Flashing block
US2898741A (en) * 1950-05-09 1959-08-11 Bowerston Shale Company Spring clip for perforated pipes and the combination
US3642147A (en) * 1969-05-19 1972-02-15 Gerald H Voorhies Hanger device
US4152256A (en) * 1974-10-07 1979-05-01 Uop Inc. Spring retaining clip for vibrating screen deck
US4337605A (en) * 1980-07-18 1982-07-06 Tudek Arthur L Concrete building blocks with looped securing rods for mortarless wall construction
US5704188A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-01-06 Associated Materials, Inc. Post structure
US6240688B1 (en) * 1997-12-12 2001-06-05 Bradley S. Dressler Holder for adjustable positioning of reinforcing rods
US20080134617A1 (en) * 2006-11-15 2008-06-12 Mike Ripley Rebar positioner
US20100281814A1 (en) * 2006-11-15 2010-11-11 Masonry Reinforcing Corporation Of America Rebar positioner

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1159628A (en) * 1913-11-05 1915-11-09 Albert W Webb Rope-clamp.
US1226954A (en) * 1916-05-24 1917-05-22 Philip S Easterday Reinforced concrete construction.
US2196552A (en) * 1938-10-28 1940-04-09 William H F Garloff Flashing block
US2898741A (en) * 1950-05-09 1959-08-11 Bowerston Shale Company Spring clip for perforated pipes and the combination
US3642147A (en) * 1969-05-19 1972-02-15 Gerald H Voorhies Hanger device
US4152256A (en) * 1974-10-07 1979-05-01 Uop Inc. Spring retaining clip for vibrating screen deck
US4337605A (en) * 1980-07-18 1982-07-06 Tudek Arthur L Concrete building blocks with looped securing rods for mortarless wall construction
US5704188A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-01-06 Associated Materials, Inc. Post structure
US6240688B1 (en) * 1997-12-12 2001-06-05 Bradley S. Dressler Holder for adjustable positioning of reinforcing rods
US20080134617A1 (en) * 2006-11-15 2008-06-12 Mike Ripley Rebar positioner
US20100281814A1 (en) * 2006-11-15 2010-11-11 Masonry Reinforcing Corporation Of America Rebar positioner

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10711449B2 (en) * 2016-04-28 2020-07-14 Precase India Infrastructures Pvt. Ltd. System for wall to wall connection for precast shear walls and method thereof
US9719245B1 (en) * 2016-05-30 2017-08-01 Indian Institute Technology Lateral reinforcement system and method for concrete structures
USD928985S1 (en) * 2019-11-14 2021-08-24 Gen-Probe Incorporated Sample carrier

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