US20120198729A1 - Shoe with ventilation system - Google Patents

Shoe with ventilation system Download PDF

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Publication number
US20120198729A1
US20120198729A1 US13/502,221 US201013502221A US2012198729A1 US 20120198729 A1 US20120198729 A1 US 20120198729A1 US 201013502221 A US201013502221 A US 201013502221A US 2012198729 A1 US2012198729 A1 US 2012198729A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
pump
chamber
ventilation system
shoe
sheet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US13/502,221
Inventor
Giordano Graziani
Augusto Pagliari
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GRUPPO MECCANICHE LUCIANI Srl
Original Assignee
GRUPPO MECCANICHE LUCIANI Srl
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ITMC2009A000224 priority Critical
Priority to ITMC2009A000224A priority patent/IT1396364B1/en
Application filed by GRUPPO MECCANICHE LUCIANI Srl filed Critical GRUPPO MECCANICHE LUCIANI Srl
Priority to PCT/EP2010/066230 priority patent/WO2011051320A1/en
Assigned to GRUPPO MECCANICHE LUCIANI S.R.L. reassignment GRUPPO MECCANICHE LUCIANI S.R.L. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: GRAZIANI, GIORDANO, PAGLIARI, AUGUSTO
Publication of US20120198729A1 publication Critical patent/US20120198729A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/06Ventilated footwear
    • A43B7/08Footwear with air-holes, with or without closures
    • A43B7/082Footwear with air-holes, with or without closures the air being expelled to the outside
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B17/00Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined
    • A43B17/08Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined ventilated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D35/00Producing footwear
    • B29D35/12Producing parts thereof, e.g. soles, heels, uppers, by a moulding technique
    • B29D35/122Soles

Abstract

A shoe comprising upper, bottom fixed to the upper, ventilation system and insole disposed above the bottom and obtained by injection molding of polyurethane foam. The ventilation system is integrated inside the insole in such a way not to interfere with the bottom and with an outsole that must be applied under the bottom.

Description

  • The present application for industrial invention relates to a shoe with ventilation or transpiration system, and in particular to an accident-prevention shoe.
  • As it is known, a shoe is mainly made of an upper that wraps the foot around and an outsole that is glued to the upper and acts as tread. In traditional shoes the two parts are manufactured separately and then glued. Therefore, before gluing the outsole on the upper, various mechanisms can be inserted in the outsole to obtain a transpiration system. Transpiration systems applied to this type of shoe are available on the market.
  • In some shoes an bottom is joined to the upper and then the outsole is glued or injection-molded under the bottom. In such a case, it is rather difficult to provide for ventilation systems integrated into the outsole, unless the bottom is suitably modified.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 5,826,349 and US2005/0005473 disclose shoes with ventilation system integrated in the outsole and in the bottom of the shoe.
  • Such an inconvenience is especially experienced in accident-prevention shoes that require a continuous metal plate in the outsole or a Kevlar sheet in the bottom. It appears evident that in such cases the ventilation mechanism interferes with the metal plate or Kevlar sheet.
  • To solve these inconveniences, at least partially, solutions are known that provide for realizing a ventilation mechanism in the insole disposed above the bottom of the shoe.
  • US2008/0313930, U.S. Pat. No. 5,996,250, U.S. Pat. No. 3,180,039, and DE20119030 disclose an insole provided with ventilation mechanism.
  • However, the insoles of the prior art are only realized by coupling two sheets in order to contain the ventilation mechanism. Consequently, the structure of the insole is uncomfortable for the user. Moreover, such a type of insole structure cannot be molded with a suitable soft material, such as polyurethane foam.
  • The purpose of the present invention is to eliminate the drawbacks of the prior art, disclosing a method for production of a insole with ventilation system that is comfortable for the user.
  • Another purpose of the present invention is to provide a insole with ventilation system that can be easily combined with a shoe without interfering with the bottom or the outsole of the shoe.
  • These purposes are achieved by the present invention according to the features claimed in the enclosed independent claims.
  • Advantageous embodiments are disclosed in the dependent claims.
  • The insole of the invention comprises a lower layer of polyurethane foam obtained with injection molding and disposed under a ventilation system, with borders folded in such a way to surround the peripheral borders of said ventilation system.
  • The advantages of the shoe comprising the insole of the invention are evident, since it provides for ventilation of the user's foot and has been studied in such a way that the ventilation system does not interfere with the bottom or outsole of the shoe and is at the same time comfortable for the user.
  • Additional characteristics of the invention will become more evident after a detailed description that refers to a merely illustrative, not limiting, embodiment, as shown in the enclosed figures, wherein:
  • FIG. 1 is an exploded top view that shows the various parts of the ventilation system of the shoe of the invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a top view of a leather sheet that is part of the ventilation system;
  • FIG. 3 is a bottom view of the ventilation system complete and assembled;
  • FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the ventilation system assembled;
  • FIG. 5 is a diagrammatic cross-sectional view of a mold for injection of polyurethane foam for realization of the insole for shoe of the invention;
  • FIG. 5 A is an enlarged view of the detail contained in the circle A of FIG. 5;
  • FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the semi-finished insole obtained with the mold of FIG. 5;
  • FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the finished insole after cutting the leather sheet; and
  • FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a shoe with the insole of FIG. 7.
  • Now referring to FIGS. 1-4 a ventilation system according to the invention is disclosed, which is generally indicated with numeral (2).
  • The ventilation system (2) comprises a lower sheet (3) of soft deformable material, such as soft thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) with Shore A hardness lower than 65. The lower sheet (3) has a flattened shape, basically similar to the front of the foot.
  • The lower sheet (3) comprises deformable spacers (31) that protrude upwards. As shown in FIG. 4, the spacers (31) are shaped as internally empty rectangular projections. This means that the lower side of the sheet (3) is provided with a plurality of recessed seats (34) in correspondence with the spacers (31).
  • A plurality of air spaces (32), which are shaped as communicating channels, is generated between the spacers (31). The air spaces (32) are in communication with an outlet channel (33) at the back end of the lower sheet (3). A connection pipe (20) is coupled in the outlet channel (33).
  • A pump (4) comprises a lower semibody (41) and an upper semibody (42) that are coupled to form a pumping chamber (40) (see FIG. 4) which communicates with the air spaces (32) of the lower sheet (3) by means of the connection pipe (20).
  • The lower semibody (41) is made of hard rigid plastic material, such as hard thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) with Shore A hardness higher than 95. Instead, the upper semibody (42) is made of soft flexible plastic material, such as soft thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) with Shore A hardness lower than 65. The two semibodies (41, 42) are coupled by heat sealing or gluing the peripheral portions.
  • The chamber (40) of the pump communicates with the air outlet pipe (21) that extends in the back to be brought out of the shoe.
  • A valve unit (7) is coupled in the front part of the pump (4). Referring to FIG. 1, the valve unit (7) comprises a rectangular block (70) made of rigid plastic material, which is provided with:
  • a U-shaped conduit (71) with inlet in communication with the chamber (40) of the pump and outlet in communication with the outlet pipe (21); and
    a longitudinal conduit (72) with inlet in communication with the connection pipe (20) and outlet in communication with the chamber (40) of the pump.
  • The valve unit (7) can be made in one piece with the lower semibody (41) of the pump.
  • A first non-return (one-way) valve (5) is installed at the inlet of the U-shaped conduit (71). The first non-return valve (5) permits air flow from the chamber (40) of the pump to the air outlet pipe (21) and not vice versa.
  • For illustrative purposes, the first non-return valve (5) comprises a spherical shutter (50) with a spring (51) to maintain the valve normally closed.
  • A second non-return (one-way) valve (6) is installed in the longitudinal conduit (72). The second non-return valve (6) permits air flow from the connection pipe (20) to the chamber (40) of the pump and not vice versa.
  • For illustrative purposes, the second non-return valve (6) comprises a spherical shutter (60) with a spring (61) to maintain the valve normally closed.
  • Referring to FIG. 2, an upper sheet (8) is formed of a strip made of leather or imitation leather, with very low thickness and a basically rectangular shape with rounded corners, with higher dimension than the foot. A plurality of transpiration holes (80) is obtained in the front and central part of the upper sheet (8). Instead a plurality of holes (81) for fixing to the mold is obtained in a peripheral part of the upper sheet (8), as illustrated below.
  • Referring to FIG. 3, the upper sheet (8) is disposed above the lower sheet (3), the connection pipe (20), the valve unit (7) and the pump (4). The upper sheet (8) is coupled to the lower sheet (3) and to the pump (4) by means of stitching (82) or gluing, along a peripheral part of lower sheet (3) and pump (4). The function of the leather upper sheet (8) is to maintain the entire ventilation system (2) together during molding.
  • In this way, between the lower sheet (3) and the upper sheet (8) a wrapping is generated, defining a chamber (35) (FIG. 4) formed of air spaces (32) for the passage of air. The holes (80) of the upper sheet communicate with the chamber (35) and the air spaces (32) of the lower sheet. Therefore the air above the upper sheet (8) is extracted by the pump (4) and ejected outside the shoe through the outlet pipe (21).
  • Referring to FIG. 5, the ventilation system (2) is inserted in a mold (100) for injection molding of polyurethane foam. The mold (100) comprises a die (101) and a lid (102).
  • The die (101) is provided with a back longitudinal hole (103) from which the outlet pipe (21) comes out to be connected to an external pump (P).
  • The mold (100) is closed with the lid (102) that is uniformly disposed above the upper sheet (8) closing the holes (80). The lid (102) is provided with vertical pins (104) that protrude downwards. Referring to FIG. 5A, the pins (104) of the lid cross the peripheral holes (81) of the upper sheet and are engaged in suitable seats (105) of the die, firmly holding the upper sheet.
  • Between the die (101) and the ventilation system (2) a peripheral air space is generated, surrounding the perimeter peripheral border of the ventilation system.
  • The die (101) is provided with a plurality of vertical pins (106) that protrude upwards, which exert pressure on the lower semibody (41) of the pump, which is suitably made of rigid plastic material.
  • Pressurized air is injected by means of the external pump (P), flowing in the ventilation system (2) in such a way to generate a pressure of about 2 atmospheres inside the chamber (40) of the pump. In such a case, the non-return valves (5, 6) are adjusted in such a way to be one-way only in case of low pressure values. The high pressure of the air sent by the external pump allows to force the valve (5, 6) with reverse flow and put the chamber of the pump in pressure.
  • The pins (106) hold the ventilation system (2) against the lid (102) in such a way that polyurethane does not enter between the upper sheet (8) and the upper part of the pump (4) during injection or casting. To that end and for higher safety, air is injected inside the pump (4) so that the upper semibody (42) of the pump pushes the upper sheet (8) that perfectly adheres to the lid (102).
  • Now, polyurethane foam can be injected in the mold (100), which is disposed under the ventilation system (2), forming a lower layer (9) of polyurethane foam. The polyurethane foam (9) flows in the peripheral air space, under the upper sheet (8), surrounding the perimeter peripheral border of the ventilation system (2). In this way the polyurethane foam also surrounds the peripheral borders of the ventilation system (2).
  • The ventilation system (2) has been specifically studied to allow for injection molding of polyurethane foam. In particular, the injection molding of polyurethane has been possible because of the materials used for the pump (4) and because of the fact that the chamber (40) of the pump is maintained under pressure during molding.
  • The injection of polyurethane foam (9) allows for perfect coupling between the lower sheet (3) and the upper sheet (8); between the two semibodies (41, 42) of the pump; between the valve unit (7) and the pump (4); and between the pump (4) and the upper sheet (8).
  • As shown in FIG. 6, a semi-finished insole (S) is obtained from the mold (100), wherein the lower layer (9) of polyurethane foam has perimeter borders (90) that surround the peripheral border of the ventilation system (2) under the upper sheet (8).
  • The upper sheet (8) has a peripheral portion (84) that protrudes externally with respect to the borders (90) of the polyurethane layer. Accordingly, the upper sheet (8) is cut with shearing process along a cutting line (83) in correspondence with the perimeter border (90) of the polyurethane layer. In such a way, as shown in FIG. 7, a finished insole (S) is obtained, which is compact, stable and comfortable.
  • FIG. 8 shows a shoe with upper (T) and bottom (1) joined to the upper (T). An outsole (11) is fixed under the bottom (1).
  • The insole (S) comprising the ventilation system (2) is disposed on the bottom (1). A hole (10) is made in the heel area between bottom (1) and upper (T) to pass the air outlet pipe (21) in such a way that air is ejected out of the shoe. If necessary, in the heel area of the shoe, a quarter stiffener (15) is disposed between outsole (11) and upper (T), which is provided with a channel (16) in communication with the hole (10) to guide the ejection of the air out of the shoe.
  • The insole (S) can be of removable type or can be glued to the bottom (1).
  • When walking, the user presses the pump (4) with the heel. Consequently, the air is extracted through the holes (80) of the leather strip and ejected from the chamber (40) of the pump outwards, ensuring ventilation inside the shoe.
  • It must be noted that the ventilation system (2) of the invention does not modify or interfere with the structure of the bottom (1) or outsole (11) of the shoe. Therefore, in case of accident-prevention shoes, metal plates or Kevlar sheets can be disposed in the outsole (11) or in the bottom (1) without interfering with the ventilation system.
  • Numerous variations and modifications can be made to the present embodiment of the invention by an expert of the art, while still falling within the scope of the invention as claimed in the enclosed claims.

Claims (13)

1. A method of producing an insole for a shoe comprising a ventilation system, the method comprising:
placement of said ventilation system inside a mold for injection molding of polyurethane foam, in such a way to form a lower layer of polyurethane foam disposed under the ventilation system with borders folded in such a way to surround the peripheral borders of said ventilation system.
2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein said ventilation system is obtained:
connection to a pump of a lower sheet, by means of a connection pipe, said lower sheet having the shape of the front of a foot and being provided with deformable spacers that protrude upward,
connection to said pump of an air outlet pipe, and;
application of an upper sheet on said pump and said lower sheet in order to form a wrapping between lower sheet and upper sheet generating a chamber, said upper sheet being provided with holes in communication with said chamber of the wrapping.
3. The method as claimed in claim 2, wherein said pump is obtained by coupling a rigid lower semibody and a deformable upper semibody to form a pumping chamber and during the injection of polyurethane foam, the chamber of the pump is maintained at a pressure of approximately two atmospheres.
4. The method as claimed in claim 2, wherein said upper sheet is made of leather or imitation leather and is sewn to a peripheral part of said lower sheet and said pump.
5. The method as claimed in claim 2, wherein during the molding process the upper sheet is fitted to a lid of the mold by pins of the lid and said pump is pushed by pins of a die of the mold.
6. An insole obtained by the method claimed in claim 1, wherein said insole comprises a lower layer of polyurethane foam obtained by injection molding, disposed under a ventilation system with borders folded in such a way to surround the peripheral borders of said ventilation system.
7. The insole as claimed in claim 5, wherein said ventilation system comprises:
a pump that forms an air chamber disposed in the user's heel area;
a lower sheet provided with a plurality of deformable spacers that protrude upward and disposed in correspondence with the front part of the foot;
an upper sheet disposed on the pump and on the lower sheet in order to form a wrapping between lower sheet and upper sheet generating a chamber, said upper sheet being provided with holes in communication with said chamber of the wrapping to extract air from inside the shoe;
a connection pipe connecting the chamber of the wrapping to the chamber of the pump, and;
an air outlet conduit connecting the chamber of the pump with the outside of the shoe for air ejection.
8. The insole as claimed in claim 7, wherein said upper sheet is made of leather or imitation leather, is shaped as a foot and is disposed above the folded borders of the lower layer of polyurethane foam.
9. The insole as claimed in claim 7, wherein said pump comprises: a lower semibody made of hard thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) with Shore A hardness higher than 95 and an upper semibody made of soft thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) with Shore A hardness lower than 65.
10. The insole as claimed in claim 7, wherein said ventilation system further comprises:
a first non-return valve disposed between said pump and said air outlet conduit to permit air flow from the chamber of the pump to the air outlet conduit and not in the reverse direction, and;
a second non-return valve disposed between said pump and said connection conduit to permit air flow from the connection conduit towards toward the chamber of the pump and not in the reverse direction.
11. The insole as claimed in claim 10, wherein said first and second non-return valves are disposed inside corresponding channels of a valve unit formed of a rectangular block disposed in the front part of said pump.
12. A shoe comprising:
an upper, and;
a bottom fixed to the upper,
wherein the shoe comprises an insole as claimed in claim 5.
13. The shoe as claimed in claim 12, wherein the shoe is an accident-prevention shoe, comprising a metal plate or Kevlar sheet disposed in the bottom or in an outsole applied under the bottom.
US13/502,221 2009-10-29 2010-10-27 Shoe with ventilation system Abandoned US20120198729A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITMC2009A000224 2009-10-29
ITMC2009A000224A IT1396364B1 (en) 2009-10-29 2009-10-29 Shoe with ventilation system.
PCT/EP2010/066230 WO2011051320A1 (en) 2009-10-29 2010-10-27 Shoe with ventilation system.

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US20120198729A1 true US20120198729A1 (en) 2012-08-09

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US (1) US20120198729A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2493347B1 (en)
DK (1) DK2493347T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2519569T3 (en)
IT (1) IT1396364B1 (en)
MX (1) MX2012004898A (en)
PL (1) PL2493347T3 (en)
RS (1) RS53614B1 (en)
RU (1) RU2551269C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2011051320A1 (en)

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US20130283640A1 (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-10-31 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with bladder and method of manufacturing the same
US20140331525A1 (en) * 2013-05-13 2014-11-13 Ariel West Footwear with plantar misting system
US10010132B2 (en) 2014-01-13 2018-07-03 Alexander Litvinov Ventilation of footwear
CN108577034A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-09-28 佛山市瑞生海特生物科技有限公司 A kind of application method of the medicinal insole and the insole of releasable medicinal powder
CN108618261A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-10-09 佛山市瑞生海特生物科技有限公司 A kind of bilayer increases the application method of summer insole and the insole
CN108669704A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-10-19 佛山市瑞生海特生物科技有限公司 A kind of bilayer increases and the application method of the medicinal insole and the insole of releasable medicinal powder
CN108669703A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-10-19 佛山市瑞生海特生物科技有限公司 A kind of application method of refrigerant insole and the insole with storage function
US10433613B2 (en) * 2014-01-13 2019-10-08 Alexander Litvinov Ventilation apparatus for footwear

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US8919011B2 (en) 2006-11-30 2014-12-30 C. & J. Clark International Limited Footwear with air circulation system
EP2636325B1 (en) * 2012-03-06 2017-08-16 C & J Clark International Limited Footwear with air circulation system
KR101115202B1 (en) * 2011-05-19 2012-03-13 석옥균 Nozzle assembly of air flowing shoes and method for making air flowing shoes using the same
WO2016036329A1 (en) * 2014-09-03 2016-03-10 Tamer Kutdoga Air-conditioned insole
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