US20110031244A1 - Three-dimensional structure formed with precision fold technology and method of forming same - Google Patents

Three-dimensional structure formed with precision fold technology and method of forming same Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20110031244A1
US20110031244A1 US12797550 US79755010A US20110031244A1 US 20110031244 A1 US20110031244 A1 US 20110031244A1 US 12797550 US12797550 US 12797550 US 79755010 A US79755010 A US 79755010A US 20110031244 A1 US20110031244 A1 US 20110031244A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sheet
material
joinder
fold
folding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12797550
Inventor
Max W. Durney
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Industrial Origami LLC
Original Assignee
Industrial Origami LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/20Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form
    • B65D5/30Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form with tongue-and-slot or like connections between sides and extensions of other sides
    • B65D5/301Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form with tongue-and-slot or like connections between sides and extensions of other sides the tongue being a part of a lateral extension of a side wall
    • B65D5/302Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form with tongue-and-slot or like connections between sides and extensions of other sides the tongue being a part of a lateral extension of a side wall combined with a slot provided in an adjacent side wall
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D51/00Making hollow objects
    • B21D51/16Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects
    • B21D51/52Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects boxes, cigarette cases, or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D1/00Containers having bodies formed in one piece, e.g. by casting metallic material, by moulding plastics, by blowing vitreous material, by throwing ceramic material, by moulding pulped fibrous material, by deep-drawing operations performed on sheet material
    • B65D1/22Boxes or like containers with side walls of substantial depth for enclosing contents
    • B65D1/225Collapsible boxes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D11/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of plastics material
    • B65D11/18Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of plastics material collapsible, i.e. with walls hinged together or detachably connected
    • B65D11/1833Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of plastics material collapsible, i.e. with walls hinged together or detachably connected whereby all side walls are hingedly connected to the base panel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/001Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper stackable
    • B65D5/0015Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper stackable the container being formed by folding up portions connected to a central panel
    • B65D5/003Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper stackable the container being formed by folding up portions connected to a central panel having ledges formed by extensions of the side walls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/42Details of containers or of foldable or erectable container blanks
    • B65D5/4279Joints, seams, leakproof joints or corners, special connections between panels

Abstract

A three-dimensional structure formed with precision fold technology includes a first sheet section having a first edge formed with a first joinder structure proximate the first edge, a second sheet section having a second edge formed with a second joinder structure proximate the second edge for interlocking engagement with said first joinder structure, and a plurality of folding structures formed in the sheet of material along a plurality of desired fold lines which divide the sheet of material into said first and second sheet sections, the folding structures being formed to produce sufficiently precise folding of the sheet of material along the fold lines to position the first and second edges together such that said first and second joinder structures interengage with one another and retain the sheet of material in a folded condition.

Description

    RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application is a Continuation-in-Part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/357,934 filed Feb. 16, 2006 and entitled APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR JOINING THE EDGES OF FOLDED SHEET MATERIAL TO FORM THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE, which is a Continuation-in-Part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/795,077 filed Mar. 3, 2004 and entitled SHEET MATERIAL WITH BEND CONTROLLING DISPLACEMENTS AND METHOD FOR FORMING THE SAME and published as U.S. Patent Application Publication No. US 2004/0206152 A1, which is a Continuation-in-Part of U.S. patent Ser. No. 10/672,766 filed Sep. 26, 2003 and entitled TECHNIQUES FOR DESIGNING AND MANUFACTURING PRECISION-FOLDED, HIGH STRENGTH, FATIGUE-RESISTANT STRUCTURES AND SHEET THEREFOR and published as U.S. Patent Application Publication No. US2004/0134250A1, which is a Continuation-in-Part of U.S. patent Ser. No. 10/256,870 filed Sep. 26, 2002 and entitled METHOD FOR PRECISION BENDING OF SHEET MATERIALS, SLIT SHEET AND FABRICATION PROCESS and now U.S. Pat. No. 6,877,349, which is a Continuation-in-Part of U.S. patent Ser. No. 09/640,267 filed Aug. 17, 2000 and entitled METHOD FOR PRECISION BENDING OF A SHEET OF MATERIAL AND SLIT SHEET THEREFOR and now U.S. Pat. No. 6,481,259, the entire contents of which applications and patent is incorporated herein by this reference.
  • [0002]
    This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/665,577 filed Mar. 25, 2005 and entitled THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE FORMED WITH PRECISION FOLD TECHNOLOGY AND METHOD OF FORMING SAME, the entire contents of which is incorporated herein by this reference.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    1. Field of the Invention
  • [0004]
    The present invention relates, in general, to apparatus and methods for joining together the edges of sheet material which has been folded so as to form three-dimensional structures, and more particularly, relates to apparatus and methods for joining sheet material which has been folded using high-precision folding structures capable of accurately registering joinder structures for coupling together of sheet edges.
  • [0005]
    2. Description of Related Art
  • [0006]
    The Related Applications set forth above, and incorporated herein by reference, set forth in considerable detail apparatus and methods for bending or folding sheet material to form three-dimensional structures. Flat sheets are provided with a plurality of folding structures which will produce folding of the sheets along fold lines that can very precisely be controlled. The folding structures are typically slits, grooves or displacements that are positioned on alternating sides of a desired fold line so as to define spaced-apart bending or folding straps that precisely control folding of the sheet. Most preferably, the folding structures also produce edge-to-face engagement of the sheet material on opposite sides of the folding structures to further enhance folding precision and structural strength.
  • [0007]
    The folded sheets of the Related Applications often have been used to produce three-dimensional structures in which free or adjacent edges of the sheets are folded into abutting or overlapping relation and then are joined together to stabilize the resulting structure against unfolding. The previous techniques for securing the edges of the folded sheets together have varied considerably, depending upon the application, but in many instances the sheet edges have merely been joined together using standard fasteners such as screws, rivets, other mechanical fasteners, and/or welding, brazing or adhesives.
  • [0008]
    One of the very substantial advantages of the apparatus and method of the Related Applications is the ability to fold sheet material with both great precision and complexity using low folding forces. Precise and complex folding of sheet material allows techniques for joining the edges of the sheet material to be based upon precise registration of the edges at the end of the folding process so that joinder structures provided at, or proximate to the edges can be folded into registration with each other for the purpose of coupling the joinder structure together against separation of the edges.
  • [0009]
    The complexity with which sheets can be folded using the techniques set forth in the Related Applications allows a great reduction in the number of separate parts required to create a structure. Further reducing the number of parts by eliminating separate mechanical fasteners, therefore, is highly desirable, and elimination of separate welding, soldering and adhesive bonding steps also reduces the cost associated with the finished part.
  • [0010]
    Moreover, the precise sheet folding systems of the Related Applications can be applied to a wide range of sheet thicknesses. Thus, fastener-free sheet edge joining should also be capable of being used in applications requiring high strength joinder of the sheet edges.
  • [0011]
    What is needed is an apparatus and method to employ the ability to precisely fold sheet material in a manner which will allow fastener-free, high strength, low cost joinder of edges of the sheet material.
  • [0012]
    What is needed is an apparatus and method to provide an apparatus and method for forming enclosures or housings for various purposes, including the enclosure of electrical components, which apparatus and method lend themselves to efficient and low-cost manufacturing processes.
  • [0013]
    The apparatus and method of the present invention have other objects and features of advantage which will become apparent from, or are set forth in more detail in, the accompanying drawing and Detailed Description Of The Invention
  • BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0014]
    In summary, one aspect of the present invention is directed to a sheet of material formed for bending or folding into a three-dimensional structure. The sheet of material preferably includes a first sheet section having a first edge formed with a first joinder structure proximate the first edge, a second sheet section having a second edge formed with a second joinder structure proximate the second edge for interlocking engagement with said first joinder structure, and a plurality of folding structures formed in the sheet of material along a plurality of desired fold lines which divide the sheet of material into said first and second sheet sections, the folding structures being formed to produce sufficiently precise folding of the sheet of material along the fold lines to position the first and second edges together such that said first and second joinder structures interengage with one another and retain the sheet of material in a folded condition.
  • [0015]
    The first joinder structure may be a joinder tab extending out of the plane of the first sheet section forming a slot extending toward the first edge, and the second joinder structure may be a registration flange, a portion of which is dimensioned and configured to extend into the slot upon folding. The joinder tab may have a J-shaped cross-section. The joinder tab may be formed by stamping. The first sheet section may have an aperture formed by stamping the joinder tab out of the plane of the first sheet. The portion of the registration flange received in said slot may include a locking protrusion extending out-of-plane and dimensioned and configured to extend into the aperture to prevent disengagement of the first and second joinder structures. The locking protrusion may have a ramp-shaped profile to facilitate insertion of the portion of the registration flange into the slot. The folding structures may be provided by one of slits, grooves and displacements formed in the sheet of material to define a plurality of folding straps having center lines extending obliquely across the fold lines.
  • [0016]
    Another aspect of the present invention is directed to a sheet of material folded and secured to form a three-dimensional corner structure. The sheet of material preferably includes a first sheet portion folded along a first fold line to produce a first corner, the first sheet portion including an inwardly projecting coupling shoulder displaced out-of-plane forming a receiving slot, the coupling shoulder spaced from the first fold line, the first sheet further including an aperture formed by the out-of-plane displacement of the coupling shoulder, and a second sheet portion folded along a second fold line to produce a second corner member, the second sheet portion having a registration flange, a portion of which is received in the slot of the coupling shoulder, the registration flange portion having an outwardly projecting latch member spaced from the second fold line and extending into the aperture of the first sheet portion producing an interference fit between the coupling shoulder and the registration flange portion.
  • [0017]
    The first fold line and the second fold line may each be formed by a plurality of folding structures provided by one of slits, grooves and displacements defining a plurality of spaced apart folding straps having center lines extending obliquely across the fold lines to produce precise location of the coupling shoulder and latch member relative to the first fold line and precise location of the registration flange portion and the coupling shoulder slot.
  • [0018]
    The box formed utilizing precision fold technology of the present invention has other features and advantages which will be apparent from or are set forth in more detail in the accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and form a part of this specification, and the following Detailed Description of the Invention, which together serve to explain the principles of the present invention.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0019]
    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a two-dimensional sheet material preformed with precision fold structures and fastening structures in accordance with the present invention.
  • [0020]
    FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the sheet material of FIG. 1, the sheet having undergone a first bending step.
  • [0021]
    FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the sheet material of FIG. 1, the sheet having undergone a subsequent bending step.
  • [0022]
    FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the sheet material of FIG. 1, the sheet having undergone another subsequent bending step.
  • [0023]
    FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the sheet material of FIG. 1, the sheet having undergone a further subsequent bending step.
  • [0024]
    FIG. 6 is an enlarged perspective view of the sheet material of FIG. 1, similar to FIG. 5, showing the internal engagement of the fastening structure.
  • [0025]
    FIG. 7 is a further enlarged perspective view of the sheet material of FIG. 1, similar to FIG. 6, showing the internal engagement of the fastening structure.
  • [0026]
    FIG. 8 is another enlarged perspective view of the sheet material of FIG. 1 showing the external engagement of the fastening structure.
  • [0027]
    FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of the fastening structure, taken substantially along line 9-9 of FIG. 7, before engagement.
  • [0028]
    FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of the fastening structure, taken substantially along line 10-10 of FIG. 7, before engagement.
  • [0029]
    FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a plurality of sheet material structures similar to that shown in FIG. 1 in a stacked configuration.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • [0030]
    Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiments of the invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. While the invention will be described in conjunction with the preferred embodiments, it will be understood that they are not intended to limit the invention to those embodiments. On the contrary, the invention is intended to cover alternatives, modifications and equivalents, which may be included within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
  • [0031]
    Turning now to the drawings, wherein like components are designated by like reference numerals throughout the various figures, attention is directed to FIG. 1, which shows a sheet material 30 having a generally cross-shaped configuration to form a box blank 31. In this embodiment, the sheet material has been dimensioned and configured to form an open box (see FIG. 5), however, one will appreciate that other three-dimensional can be formed in accordance with the present invention. For example, free standing corner structures can be formed, pyramid-shaped structure, and generally any three dimensional structure in which two planar, or substantially planar surfaces intersect one another.
  • [0032]
    The sheet material includes a first sheet section 32 having a first edge 33 formed with a first joinder structure 34 proximate the first edge. Preferably, the joinder structure is spaced a distance away from the adjacent fold line 35 thereby providing increased leverage to resist disengagement of the joinder structure as will become apparent below.
  • [0033]
    The sheet material includes a second sheet section 36 having a second edge 37 formed with a second joinder structure 38 proximate the second edge for interlocking engagement with said first joinder structure. The first and second joinder structures are dimensioned and configured to engage with one another upon folding the sheet material along the fold lines.
  • [0034]
    The sheet of material also includes a plurality of folding structures 39 formed in the sheet of material along a plurality of desired fold lines which divide the sheet of material into the first and second sheet sections. The folding structures are formed to produce sufficiently precise folding of the sheet of material along the fold lines to position the first and second edges together such that said first and second joinder structures interengage with one another and retain the sheet of material in a folded condition. Preferably, the folding structures are slits, grooves, displacements and or other suitable means formed in the sheet of material to define a plurality of folding straps 40 having center lines extending obliquely across the fold lines.
  • [0035]
    The particular configuration of the fold lines and folding straps are extensively discussed in U.S. patent application Ser. Nos. 10/795,077, 10/672,766, 10/256,870, and 09/640,267 (now U.S. Pat. No. 6,481,259), the entire contents of which applications and patent is incorporated herein by this reference.
  • [0036]
    As shown in FIG. 2, FIG. 3, FIG. 4 and FIG. 5, the two-dimensional sheet material is sequentially bent along respective fold lines to form an open box structure. First and second joinder structures are engaged as the sheet material is bent from the condition shown in FIG. 3 to the condition shown in FIG. 4. As can be seen in the figures, each corner of the box includes similar, cooperating joinder structures which are similarly engaged.
  • [0037]
    FIG. 7 and FIG. 8 are enlarged views of a corner of the box which clearly show the interengagement of the first and second joinder structures, the configuration of which are discussed in greater detail below.
  • [0038]
    Turning now to FIG. 9 and FIG. 10, first joinder structure is preferably a joinder tab 41 extending out of the plane of the first sheet section and forms a slot 42 extending toward the first edge. The second joinder structure is a registration flange, a portion 43 of which is dimensioned and configured to extend into the slot upon folding, as seen in FIG. 10.
  • [0039]
    In this embodiment, the joinder tab has a J-shaped cross-section 44, as can be seen in FIG. 9. One will appreciate that other cross-sectional shapes may be used including L-shapes, C-shapes and other suitable shapes. Preferably, the joinder tab is formed by stamping.
  • [0040]
    With continued reference to FIG. 9, the first sheet section has an aperture 45 formed as the joinder tab is stamped out-of-plane from the first sheet. The portion of the registration flange received in said slot includes a locking protrusion 46 extending out-of-plane and dimensioned and configured to extend into the aperture to prevent disengagement of the first and second joinder structures. Preferably, the locking protrusion has a ramp-shaped profile to facilitate insertion of the portion of the registration flange into the slot.
  • [0041]
    As shown in FIG. 11, the box blanks of the present invention may be shipped flat, thus allowing a plurality of box blanks to be stacked on top of one another. The configuration of the fold lines allows the box blanks to be folded from their two-dimensional state to their three-dimensional state on site. As is discussed in the above-mentioned Patent Applications, the precision fold lines allow the blanks to be folded, precisely, along predefined fold lines with minimal effort.
  • [0042]
    The foregoing descriptions of specific embodiments of the present invention have been presented for purposes of illustration and description. They are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed, and obviously many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and its practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention and various embodiments with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated. It is intended that the scope of the invention be defined by the Claims appended hereto and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

  1. 1. A sheet of material formed for bending or folding into a three-dimensional structure, the sheet of material comprising:
    a first sheet section having a first edge formed with a first joinder structure proximate the first edge;
    a second sheet section having a second edge formed with a second joinder structure proximate the second edge for interlocking engagement with said first joinder structure; and
    a plurality of folding structures formed in the sheet of material along a plurality of desired fold lines which divide the sheet of material into said first and second sheet sections, the folding structures being formed to produce sufficiently precise folding of the sheet of material along the fold lines to position the first and second edges together such that said first and second joinder structures interengage with one another and retain the sheet of material in a folded condition.
  2. 2. The sheet of material as defined in claim 1 wherein,
    the first joinder structure is a joinder tab extending out of the plane of the first sheet section forming a slot extending toward the first edge, and the second joinder structure is a registration flange, a portion of which is dimensioned and configured to extend into the slot upon folding.
  3. 3. The sheet of material as defined in claim 2, wherein the joinder tab has a J-shaped cross-section.
  4. 4. The sheet of material as defined in claim 2, wherein the joinder tab is formed by stamping.
  5. 5. The sheet of material as defined in claim 4, wherein the first sheet section has an aperture formed by stamping the joinder tab out of the plane of the first sheet.
  6. 6. The sheet of material as defined in claim 5, wherein the portion of the registration flange received in said slot includes a locking protrusion extending out-of-plane and dimensioned and configured to extend into the aperture to prevent disengagement of the first and second joinder structures.
  7. 7. The sheet of material as defined in claim 6 wherein,
    the locking protrusion has a ramp-shaped profile to facilitate insertion of the portion of the registration flange into the slot.
  8. 8. The sheet of material as defined in claim 1 wherein,
    the folding structures are provided by one of slits, grooves and displacements formed in the sheet of material to define a plurality of folding straps having center lines extending obliquely across the fold lines.
  9. 9. A sheet of material folded and secured to form a three-dimensional corner structure, the sheet of material comprising:
    a first sheet portion folded along a first fold line to produce a first corner, the first sheet portion including an inwardly projecting coupling shoulder displaced out-of-plane forming a receiving slot, the coupling shoulder spaced from the first fold line, the first sheet further including an aperture formed by the out-of-plane displacement of the coupling shoulder; and
    a second sheet portion folded along a second fold line to produce a second corner member, the second sheet portion having a registration flange, a portion of which is received in the slot of the coupling shoulder, the registration flange portion having an outwardly projecting latch member spaced from the second fold line and extending into the aperture of the first sheet portion producing an interference fit between the coupling shoulder and the registration flange portion.
  10. 10. The assembly as defined in claim 9 wherein,
    the first fold line and the second fold line are each formed by a plurality of folding structures provided by one of slits, grooves and displacements defining a plurality of spaced apart folding straps having center lines extending obliquely across the fold lines to produce precise location of the coupling shoulder and latch member relative to the first fold line and precise location of the registration flange portion and the coupling shoulder slot.
US12797550 2000-08-17 2010-06-09 Three-dimensional structure formed with precision fold technology and method of forming same Abandoned US20110031244A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US66557705 true 2005-03-25 2005-03-25
US11357934 US7640775B2 (en) 2000-08-17 2006-02-16 Apparatus and method for joining the edges of folded sheet material to form three-dimensional structure
US11386463 US20060277965A1 (en) 2000-08-17 2006-03-21 Three-dimensional structure formed with precision fold technology and method of forming same
US12797550 US20110031244A1 (en) 2005-03-25 2010-06-09 Three-dimensional structure formed with precision fold technology and method of forming same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12797550 US20110031244A1 (en) 2005-03-25 2010-06-09 Three-dimensional structure formed with precision fold technology and method of forming same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20110031244A1 true true US20110031244A1 (en) 2011-02-10

Family

ID=37053904

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11386463 Abandoned US20060277965A1 (en) 2000-08-17 2006-03-21 Three-dimensional structure formed with precision fold technology and method of forming same
US12797550 Abandoned US20110031244A1 (en) 2000-08-17 2010-06-09 Three-dimensional structure formed with precision fold technology and method of forming same

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11386463 Abandoned US20060277965A1 (en) 2000-08-17 2006-03-21 Three-dimensional structure formed with precision fold technology and method of forming same

Country Status (8)

Country Link
US (2) US20060277965A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1861317A4 (en)
JP (1) JP2008534392A (en)
KR (1) KR20070119047A (en)
CN (1) CN101171093A (en)
CA (1) CA2602038A1 (en)
RU (1) RU2007139499A (en)
WO (1) WO2006104789A3 (en)

Families Citing this family (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008529806A (en) 2005-02-17 2008-08-07 インダストリアル オリガミ インコーポレイテッド Apparatus and method for forming a three-dimensional structure by combining the edge portion of the folded sheet material
WO2006102089A3 (en) * 2005-03-17 2007-11-08 Ind Origami Llc Precision-folded, high strength, fatigue-resistant structures and sheet therefor
US20070262128A1 (en) * 2006-05-09 2007-11-15 Industrial Origami, Inc. Precision folded vehicular structural and aesthetic component and sheet therefor
JP2010502445A (en) * 2006-08-28 2010-01-28 インダストリアル オリガミ インコーポレイテッド Method and apparatus for forming a composite fold lines in the sheet material
KR20090074267A (en) 2006-10-26 2009-07-06 인더스트리얼 오리가미, 인크. Forming three dimensional object
JP5121735B2 (en) * 2007-02-07 2013-01-16 三菱電機株式会社 Heat shield manufacturing method
CN101652597A (en) 2007-02-09 2010-02-17 奥里加米工业股份有限公司 Load-bearing three-dimensional structure
US20080200095A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-21 Daniel Guenette Foldable fortable stage assembly and origami set
US20080250837A1 (en) * 2007-04-15 2008-10-16 Industrial Origami, Inc. Method and apparatus for folding of sheet materials
US20090100893A1 (en) * 2007-09-23 2009-04-23 Industrial Origami, Inc. Method of forming two-dimensional sheet material into three-dimensional structure
US20090194089A1 (en) * 2007-12-21 2009-08-06 Industrial Origami, Inc. High-strength three-dimensional structure and method of manufacture
DE102008035555A1 (en) * 2008-07-30 2010-02-04 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft A method of manufacturing a one-piece tray, esp. For a motor vehicle
US20100122563A1 (en) * 2008-11-16 2010-05-20 Industrial Origami, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming bend-controlling straps in sheet material
EP2343483B1 (en) * 2010-01-12 2017-03-01 Whirlpool EMEA S.p.A Base of a cooking top of the built-in type, method for making said base, and associated cooking top
CN102139436B (en) 2010-01-29 2013-08-14 江苏白雪电器股份有限公司 Method for machining metal protective cover
DE102012102889B4 (en) * 2012-04-03 2014-02-13 Endress + Hauser Conducta Gesellschaft für Mess- und Regeltechnik mbH + Co. KG Collapsible guard
US8936164B2 (en) * 2012-07-06 2015-01-20 Industrial Origami, Inc. Solar panel rack
US8733573B2 (en) * 2012-09-26 2014-05-27 Duane Lucht Receptacle formed of a folded sheet metal blank
CN103240537A (en) * 2013-05-21 2013-08-14 新疆旭日环保股份有限公司 On-site long thick sheet bending process
US9166526B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2015-10-20 Industrial Origami, Inc. Solar panel rack
DE102014117217A1 (en) * 2014-11-25 2016-05-25 Hazet-Werk Hermann Zerver Gmbh & Co. Kg. Tin compound, tin body and process for producing a sheet metal body
US20170016625A1 (en) * 2015-07-16 2017-01-19 Pennant Moldings, Inc. One-Piece Sheet-Metal Structure Formed With Clench Locked Corners
US20170059177A1 (en) * 2015-08-27 2017-03-02 General Electric Company Panel assemblies and methods for forming panel assemblies
EP3309321A1 (en) * 2016-10-13 2018-04-18 Weland Ab Tread and method of manufacturing thereof

Citations (99)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1295769A (en) * 1918-03-07 1919-02-25 Chicago Metal Products Co Method and means for producing cartridge-clips.
US1405042A (en) * 1919-03-21 1922-01-31 Kraft Henry Phillip Method of making dust caps for tire valves
US1698891A (en) * 1922-11-09 1929-01-15 Flintkote Co Strip roofing unit and process of manufacture
US1699693A (en) * 1927-03-22 1929-01-22 Duro Co Method of forming screen plate
US1746429A (en) * 1929-01-31 1930-02-11 William G Kelleweay Partition strip for composition flooring
US2339355A (en) * 1940-05-10 1944-01-18 Rutten Walter Apparatus for edging and forming
US2625290A (en) * 1950-11-29 1953-01-13 Coleman Co Sheet assembly structure
US2825407A (en) * 1955-03-24 1958-03-04 Plastic Binding Corp Gang punch
US2869694A (en) * 1954-07-23 1959-01-20 Air Filter Corp Frame construction for filter units
US2880032A (en) * 1949-01-22 1959-03-31 Barenyi Bela Vehicle body composed of an upper and a lower section
US2882990A (en) * 1956-11-01 1959-04-21 United States Gypsum Co Sound absorbing units and method of making same
US2901158A (en) * 1956-06-14 1959-08-25 Carpino Frank Box blank
US2926831A (en) * 1957-08-30 1960-03-01 John Strange Carton Co Inc Infold carton with corner bracing strut
US2950039A (en) * 1958-01-10 1960-08-23 Owens Illinois Glass Co Receptacle
US2976747A (en) * 1953-08-25 1961-03-28 Schatzschock Adolf Method for forming filing tools
US3120257A (en) * 1960-04-23 1964-02-04 Baustahlgewebe Gmbh Device for bending steel mesh for reinforced concrete and the like
US3129524A (en) * 1961-08-25 1964-04-21 Lamar E Hayslett Picture frame
US3228710A (en) * 1965-05-18 1966-01-11 Strachan & Henshaw Ltd Folding of paper and like material
US3234704A (en) * 1962-03-12 1966-02-15 Equipment Mfg Inc Roll formed sheet metal beam construction
US3313080A (en) * 1962-02-07 1967-04-11 Wood Marc Sa Sandwich structure with novel core element
US3361320A (en) * 1964-08-20 1968-01-02 Victor Bobrowski Tapered-tube-making device
US3638465A (en) * 1969-03-10 1972-02-01 Flangeklamp Corp Method of forming a structural element
US3638597A (en) * 1969-09-26 1972-02-01 Fraze Ermal C Method of forming a rivet
US3717022A (en) * 1972-03-07 1973-02-20 Bois E Du Press device
US3788934A (en) * 1971-10-01 1974-01-29 A Coppa Three-dimensional folded structure with curved surfaces
US3862562A (en) * 1972-06-05 1975-01-28 Johannes Petrus Kruger Method of shaping ductile sheet material and apparatus therefor
US3867829A (en) * 1972-08-02 1975-02-25 Rudolf Bock Adjustable arrangement for bending of bars of reinforcing steel mats
US3879240A (en) * 1973-08-17 1975-04-22 Raymond W Wall Method of making a unitary camper structure
US3938657A (en) * 1972-11-16 1976-02-17 David Melvin J Blind rivet assembly
US3943744A (en) * 1974-06-19 1976-03-16 Tapco Products Company, Inc. Louver cutter
US3952574A (en) * 1974-10-31 1976-04-27 Speidel John A Process and apparatus for forming sheet metal structures
US4004334A (en) * 1974-11-05 1977-01-25 Greenley Henry R Method of making a structural member
US4011704A (en) * 1971-08-30 1977-03-15 Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corporation Non-ghosting building construction
US4132026A (en) * 1977-04-25 1979-01-02 J. J. Dill Company Simplified blank forming a rodent poison container
US4133198A (en) * 1976-07-09 1979-01-09 Balcke-Durr Aktiengesellschaft Apparatus for bending large area construction units
US4133336A (en) * 1977-09-29 1979-01-09 Smith Alva T Ventilated stove
US4141525A (en) * 1977-11-10 1979-02-27 Knape & Vogt Manufacturing Co. Universal drawer slide mounting bracket
US4145801A (en) * 1978-02-13 1979-03-27 Aluminum Company Of America Method of forming an integral rivet for an easy open can end
US4245615A (en) * 1979-04-30 1981-01-20 Magic Chef, Inc. Modular range construction
US4428599A (en) * 1982-02-01 1984-01-31 The Budd Company Front and rear energy absorbing structures for a four passenger vehicle
US4491362A (en) * 1981-09-23 1985-01-01 Kennedy Thomas H Automotive fiberglass body
US4510785A (en) * 1981-07-07 1985-04-16 Ets. Y. Jouanel S.A. Automatic sheet metal folding machine
US4645701A (en) * 1986-02-24 1987-02-24 Zarrow Scott F Credit card carbon copy defacer
US4735077A (en) * 1985-08-09 1988-04-05 U.S. Philips Corporation Method of and device for impressing channels having a small cross-sectional area into the surface of an object
US4803879A (en) * 1986-12-30 1989-02-14 Crawford Robert J Slip lock forming apparatus
US4819792A (en) * 1986-02-03 1989-04-11 Christian George T Folding display
US4898326A (en) * 1987-10-28 1990-02-06 Kadee Metal Products Co. Track joining system
US5105640A (en) * 1991-01-25 1992-04-21 Iowa Precision Industries, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming box-shaped sheet metal ducts
US5195644A (en) * 1992-07-13 1993-03-23 Glenayre Electronics Ltd. Sealed, seamless box and method of manufacturing same
US5205476A (en) * 1992-06-12 1993-04-27 Perseco Division Of The Havi Group Lp Clamshell carton having an improved latching mechanism
US5284043A (en) * 1992-09-29 1994-02-08 Amada Manufacturing America Inc. Method and device for separating a contoured product from sheet metal
US5297836A (en) * 1991-07-03 1994-03-29 Jaguar Cars Limited Motor car chasis structure
US5302435A (en) * 1992-03-24 1994-04-12 Mitsubishi Plastics Industries Limited Plastic sheet with a ruled line for bending
US5378172A (en) * 1994-03-10 1995-01-03 Molex Incorporated Low profile shielded jack
US5390782A (en) * 1992-06-19 1995-02-21 United States Surgical Corporation Needle shield device for surgical packages
US5392629A (en) * 1993-10-26 1995-02-28 Canoga Industries Inc. Method and apparatus for forming multi-level features in an object
US5496067A (en) * 1993-10-05 1996-03-05 Smh Management Services Ag Chassis for vehicles notably for motor vehicles
US5497825A (en) * 1995-05-24 1996-03-12 Symphony Group International Co., Ltd. Heat-radiator for CPU of a computer
US5592363A (en) * 1992-09-30 1997-01-07 Hitachi, Ltd. Electronic apparatus
US5619784A (en) * 1991-05-10 1997-04-15 Mazda Motor Corporation Vehicle assembling method
US5620623A (en) * 1994-07-21 1997-04-15 Whirlpool Corporation Thermal blend convection oven
US5704212A (en) * 1996-09-13 1998-01-06 Itronix Corporation Active cooling system for cradle of portable electronic devices
US5709913A (en) * 1992-08-11 1998-01-20 E. Khashoggi Industries Method and apparatus for manufacturing articles of manufacture from sheets having a highly inorganically filled organic polymer matrix
US5725147A (en) * 1994-05-06 1998-03-10 Tetra Laval Holdings & Finance S.A. Gable top carton and carton blank with curved side creases
US5737226A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-04-07 Prince Corporation Vehicle compass system with automatic calibration
US5740589A (en) * 1995-05-26 1998-04-21 Mikalor, S.A. Means for clasping the extremities of the metal sheet forming tie-bands
US5882064A (en) * 1996-04-30 1999-03-16 Autokinetics, Inc. Modular vehicle frame
US5885676A (en) * 1995-07-06 1999-03-23 Magnetek, Inc. Plastic tube and method and apparatus for manufacturing
US6021042A (en) * 1997-08-06 2000-02-01 Intel Corporation Cooling duct for a computer cooling system with redundant air moving units
US6194653B1 (en) * 1998-03-24 2001-02-27 General Instrument Corporation Enclosure design having an integrated system of retention, electromagnetic interference containment and structural load distribution
US6210037B1 (en) * 1999-01-26 2001-04-03 Daniel M. Brandon, Jr. Back pack liner
US20030037586A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2003-02-27 Durney Max W. Method for precision bending of sheet of materials, slit sheets fabrication process
US6677562B2 (en) * 2001-03-13 2004-01-13 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. High-frequency heating apparatus and cooling system for magnetron-driving power supply utilized in the apparatus
US6688043B1 (en) * 1997-05-06 2004-02-10 Brose Fahrzeugteile Gmbh & Co. Kg Device and method for securing a component to a support part in a vehicle
US20040035175A1 (en) * 2000-09-26 2004-02-26 Markku Karhumaki Plate processing device and method for processing a plate
US6837334B1 (en) * 1998-03-27 2005-01-04 Dominic Le Prevost Acoustic horn
US20050005670A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2005-01-13 Durney Max W. Method of designing fold lines in sheet material
US6844050B2 (en) * 2000-06-29 2005-01-18 P.W.F. Group Precut plate for obtaining a volume, in particular a package, method for making same and resulting package
US20050051049A1 (en) * 2002-09-04 2005-03-10 Pomagalski Sa. Drive device of the bull-wheel of a single carrying-hauling rope chair lift with fixed rope grips
US6868708B2 (en) * 2000-02-22 2005-03-22 Avestapolarit Ab Blank guided forming
US6986273B2 (en) * 2003-06-20 2006-01-17 Dana Corporation Apparatus and method for opening and closing stacked hydroforming dies
US20060021413A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2006-02-02 Durney Max W Fatigue-resistance sheet slitting method and resulting sheet
US7000978B1 (en) * 2004-08-20 2006-02-21 Frank Messano Thin-skin ultralight recreational vehicle body system
US20060044755A1 (en) * 2004-08-24 2006-03-02 Fujitsu Limited Electronic apparatus with a cooling redundancy function
US20060053857A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Durney Max W Tool system for bending sheet materials and method of using same
US7014174B2 (en) * 2003-07-01 2006-03-21 Adobeair Evaporative cooling system
US20060059807A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-23 Jim Zimmerman Frame system for motor vehicle
US20060061966A1 (en) * 2000-07-13 2006-03-23 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for dissipating heat from an electronic device
US7156200B2 (en) * 2001-04-19 2007-01-02 Caterpillar S.A.R.L. Main frame for a tracked skid steer loader machine
US7167380B2 (en) * 2002-08-13 2007-01-23 Finisar Corporation Card cage system
US7185394B2 (en) * 2002-11-07 2007-03-06 Panasonic Corporation Of North America Dirt cup assembly with attachable and detachable external filter holder
US20080016937A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2008-01-24 Industrial Origami, Inc Process of forming bend-controlling structures in a sheet of material, the resulting sheet and die sets therefor
US7331505B2 (en) * 2005-11-28 2008-02-19 Meadwestvaco Packaging Systems, Llc Carton for tapered articles
US20080048366A1 (en) * 2006-08-28 2008-02-28 Industrial Origami, Inc. Method and Apparatus For Imparting Compound Folds on Sheet Material
US20080054683A1 (en) * 2006-09-06 2008-03-06 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Car body frame member
US20080063834A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2008-03-13 Industrial Origami, Inc. Sheet Material with Bend Controlling Grooves Defining a Continuous Web Across a Bend Line and Method for Forming the Same
US7503623B2 (en) * 2003-12-19 2009-03-17 Ferrari S.P.A. Metal frame made up of the union of a plurality of extruded elements, and method for its fabrication
US7640775B2 (en) * 2000-08-17 2010-01-05 Industrial Origami, Inc. Apparatus and method for joining the edges of folded sheet material to form three-dimensional structure
US20140008312A1 (en) * 2012-07-06 2014-01-09 Max W. Durney Solar panel rack

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1557066A (en) * 1921-02-14 1925-10-13 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Box structure
US2916181A (en) * 1954-10-06 1959-12-08 Fed Pacific Electric Co Sheet metal joint and box and method of making same
US4479737A (en) * 1982-02-01 1984-10-30 Bergh Bros. Co., Inc. Positive interlock
CA1233304A (en) * 1984-09-06 1988-03-01 Louis Robert M. St. Scored metal appliance frame
GB8507643D0 (en) * 1985-03-25 1985-05-01 Christensen E Interlocking joint
NL8900776A (en) * 1989-03-29 1990-10-16 Joseph Antonius Catharinus Vli Construction and corner connection of a formed from a blank cardboard box for transporting and presenting eg cake or pastry.
US7152450B2 (en) * 2000-08-17 2006-12-26 Industrial Origami, Llc Method for forming sheet material with bend controlling displacements

Patent Citations (101)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1295769A (en) * 1918-03-07 1919-02-25 Chicago Metal Products Co Method and means for producing cartridge-clips.
US1405042A (en) * 1919-03-21 1922-01-31 Kraft Henry Phillip Method of making dust caps for tire valves
US1698891A (en) * 1922-11-09 1929-01-15 Flintkote Co Strip roofing unit and process of manufacture
US1699693A (en) * 1927-03-22 1929-01-22 Duro Co Method of forming screen plate
US1746429A (en) * 1929-01-31 1930-02-11 William G Kelleweay Partition strip for composition flooring
US2339355A (en) * 1940-05-10 1944-01-18 Rutten Walter Apparatus for edging and forming
US2880032A (en) * 1949-01-22 1959-03-31 Barenyi Bela Vehicle body composed of an upper and a lower section
US2625290A (en) * 1950-11-29 1953-01-13 Coleman Co Sheet assembly structure
US2976747A (en) * 1953-08-25 1961-03-28 Schatzschock Adolf Method for forming filing tools
US2869694A (en) * 1954-07-23 1959-01-20 Air Filter Corp Frame construction for filter units
US2825407A (en) * 1955-03-24 1958-03-04 Plastic Binding Corp Gang punch
US2901158A (en) * 1956-06-14 1959-08-25 Carpino Frank Box blank
US2882990A (en) * 1956-11-01 1959-04-21 United States Gypsum Co Sound absorbing units and method of making same
US2926831A (en) * 1957-08-30 1960-03-01 John Strange Carton Co Inc Infold carton with corner bracing strut
US2950039A (en) * 1958-01-10 1960-08-23 Owens Illinois Glass Co Receptacle
US3120257A (en) * 1960-04-23 1964-02-04 Baustahlgewebe Gmbh Device for bending steel mesh for reinforced concrete and the like
US3129524A (en) * 1961-08-25 1964-04-21 Lamar E Hayslett Picture frame
US3313080A (en) * 1962-02-07 1967-04-11 Wood Marc Sa Sandwich structure with novel core element
US3234704A (en) * 1962-03-12 1966-02-15 Equipment Mfg Inc Roll formed sheet metal beam construction
US3361320A (en) * 1964-08-20 1968-01-02 Victor Bobrowski Tapered-tube-making device
US3228710A (en) * 1965-05-18 1966-01-11 Strachan & Henshaw Ltd Folding of paper and like material
US3638465A (en) * 1969-03-10 1972-02-01 Flangeklamp Corp Method of forming a structural element
US3638597A (en) * 1969-09-26 1972-02-01 Fraze Ermal C Method of forming a rivet
US4011704A (en) * 1971-08-30 1977-03-15 Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corporation Non-ghosting building construction
US3788934A (en) * 1971-10-01 1974-01-29 A Coppa Three-dimensional folded structure with curved surfaces
US3717022A (en) * 1972-03-07 1973-02-20 Bois E Du Press device
US3862562A (en) * 1972-06-05 1975-01-28 Johannes Petrus Kruger Method of shaping ductile sheet material and apparatus therefor
US3867829A (en) * 1972-08-02 1975-02-25 Rudolf Bock Adjustable arrangement for bending of bars of reinforcing steel mats
US3938657A (en) * 1972-11-16 1976-02-17 David Melvin J Blind rivet assembly
US3879240A (en) * 1973-08-17 1975-04-22 Raymond W Wall Method of making a unitary camper structure
US3943744A (en) * 1974-06-19 1976-03-16 Tapco Products Company, Inc. Louver cutter
US3952574A (en) * 1974-10-31 1976-04-27 Speidel John A Process and apparatus for forming sheet metal structures
US4004334A (en) * 1974-11-05 1977-01-25 Greenley Henry R Method of making a structural member
US4133198A (en) * 1976-07-09 1979-01-09 Balcke-Durr Aktiengesellschaft Apparatus for bending large area construction units
US4132026A (en) * 1977-04-25 1979-01-02 J. J. Dill Company Simplified blank forming a rodent poison container
US4133336A (en) * 1977-09-29 1979-01-09 Smith Alva T Ventilated stove
US4141525A (en) * 1977-11-10 1979-02-27 Knape & Vogt Manufacturing Co. Universal drawer slide mounting bracket
US4145801A (en) * 1978-02-13 1979-03-27 Aluminum Company Of America Method of forming an integral rivet for an easy open can end
US4245615A (en) * 1979-04-30 1981-01-20 Magic Chef, Inc. Modular range construction
US4510785A (en) * 1981-07-07 1985-04-16 Ets. Y. Jouanel S.A. Automatic sheet metal folding machine
US4491362A (en) * 1981-09-23 1985-01-01 Kennedy Thomas H Automotive fiberglass body
US4428599A (en) * 1982-02-01 1984-01-31 The Budd Company Front and rear energy absorbing structures for a four passenger vehicle
US4735077A (en) * 1985-08-09 1988-04-05 U.S. Philips Corporation Method of and device for impressing channels having a small cross-sectional area into the surface of an object
US4819792A (en) * 1986-02-03 1989-04-11 Christian George T Folding display
US4645701A (en) * 1986-02-24 1987-02-24 Zarrow Scott F Credit card carbon copy defacer
US4803879A (en) * 1986-12-30 1989-02-14 Crawford Robert J Slip lock forming apparatus
US4898326A (en) * 1987-10-28 1990-02-06 Kadee Metal Products Co. Track joining system
US5105640A (en) * 1991-01-25 1992-04-21 Iowa Precision Industries, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming box-shaped sheet metal ducts
US5619784A (en) * 1991-05-10 1997-04-15 Mazda Motor Corporation Vehicle assembling method
US5297836A (en) * 1991-07-03 1994-03-29 Jaguar Cars Limited Motor car chasis structure
US5302435A (en) * 1992-03-24 1994-04-12 Mitsubishi Plastics Industries Limited Plastic sheet with a ruled line for bending
US5205476A (en) * 1992-06-12 1993-04-27 Perseco Division Of The Havi Group Lp Clamshell carton having an improved latching mechanism
US5390782A (en) * 1992-06-19 1995-02-21 United States Surgical Corporation Needle shield device for surgical packages
US5195644A (en) * 1992-07-13 1993-03-23 Glenayre Electronics Ltd. Sealed, seamless box and method of manufacturing same
US5709913A (en) * 1992-08-11 1998-01-20 E. Khashoggi Industries Method and apparatus for manufacturing articles of manufacture from sheets having a highly inorganically filled organic polymer matrix
US5377519A (en) * 1992-09-29 1995-01-03 Yazaki Corporation Punch and die for forming a protrusion and a pair of slits in sheet material
US5284043A (en) * 1992-09-29 1994-02-08 Amada Manufacturing America Inc. Method and device for separating a contoured product from sheet metal
US5592363A (en) * 1992-09-30 1997-01-07 Hitachi, Ltd. Electronic apparatus
US5496067A (en) * 1993-10-05 1996-03-05 Smh Management Services Ag Chassis for vehicles notably for motor vehicles
US5392629A (en) * 1993-10-26 1995-02-28 Canoga Industries Inc. Method and apparatus for forming multi-level features in an object
US5378172A (en) * 1994-03-10 1995-01-03 Molex Incorporated Low profile shielded jack
US5725147A (en) * 1994-05-06 1998-03-10 Tetra Laval Holdings & Finance S.A. Gable top carton and carton blank with curved side creases
US5620623A (en) * 1994-07-21 1997-04-15 Whirlpool Corporation Thermal blend convection oven
US5497825A (en) * 1995-05-24 1996-03-12 Symphony Group International Co., Ltd. Heat-radiator for CPU of a computer
US5740589A (en) * 1995-05-26 1998-04-21 Mikalor, S.A. Means for clasping the extremities of the metal sheet forming tie-bands
US5737226A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-04-07 Prince Corporation Vehicle compass system with automatic calibration
US5885676A (en) * 1995-07-06 1999-03-23 Magnetek, Inc. Plastic tube and method and apparatus for manufacturing
US5882064A (en) * 1996-04-30 1999-03-16 Autokinetics, Inc. Modular vehicle frame
US5704212A (en) * 1996-09-13 1998-01-06 Itronix Corporation Active cooling system for cradle of portable electronic devices
US6688043B1 (en) * 1997-05-06 2004-02-10 Brose Fahrzeugteile Gmbh & Co. Kg Device and method for securing a component to a support part in a vehicle
US6021042A (en) * 1997-08-06 2000-02-01 Intel Corporation Cooling duct for a computer cooling system with redundant air moving units
US6194653B1 (en) * 1998-03-24 2001-02-27 General Instrument Corporation Enclosure design having an integrated system of retention, electromagnetic interference containment and structural load distribution
US6837334B1 (en) * 1998-03-27 2005-01-04 Dominic Le Prevost Acoustic horn
US6210037B1 (en) * 1999-01-26 2001-04-03 Daniel M. Brandon, Jr. Back pack liner
US6868708B2 (en) * 2000-02-22 2005-03-22 Avestapolarit Ab Blank guided forming
US6844050B2 (en) * 2000-06-29 2005-01-18 P.W.F. Group Precut plate for obtaining a volume, in particular a package, method for making same and resulting package
US20060061966A1 (en) * 2000-07-13 2006-03-23 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for dissipating heat from an electronic device
US20050005670A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2005-01-13 Durney Max W. Method of designing fold lines in sheet material
US7640775B2 (en) * 2000-08-17 2010-01-05 Industrial Origami, Inc. Apparatus and method for joining the edges of folded sheet material to form three-dimensional structure
US20080016937A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2008-01-24 Industrial Origami, Inc Process of forming bend-controlling structures in a sheet of material, the resulting sheet and die sets therefor
US20050064138A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2005-03-24 Durney Max W. Method for precision bending of sheet of materials, slit sheets fabrication process
US20080063834A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2008-03-13 Industrial Origami, Inc. Sheet Material with Bend Controlling Grooves Defining a Continuous Web Across a Bend Line and Method for Forming the Same
US20060021413A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2006-02-02 Durney Max W Fatigue-resistance sheet slitting method and resulting sheet
US20030037586A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2003-02-27 Durney Max W. Method for precision bending of sheet of materials, slit sheets fabrication process
US20040035175A1 (en) * 2000-09-26 2004-02-26 Markku Karhumaki Plate processing device and method for processing a plate
US6677562B2 (en) * 2001-03-13 2004-01-13 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. High-frequency heating apparatus and cooling system for magnetron-driving power supply utilized in the apparatus
US7156200B2 (en) * 2001-04-19 2007-01-02 Caterpillar S.A.R.L. Main frame for a tracked skid steer loader machine
US7167380B2 (en) * 2002-08-13 2007-01-23 Finisar Corporation Card cage system
US20050051049A1 (en) * 2002-09-04 2005-03-10 Pomagalski Sa. Drive device of the bull-wheel of a single carrying-hauling rope chair lift with fixed rope grips
US7185394B2 (en) * 2002-11-07 2007-03-06 Panasonic Corporation Of North America Dirt cup assembly with attachable and detachable external filter holder
US6986273B2 (en) * 2003-06-20 2006-01-17 Dana Corporation Apparatus and method for opening and closing stacked hydroforming dies
US7014174B2 (en) * 2003-07-01 2006-03-21 Adobeair Evaporative cooling system
US7503623B2 (en) * 2003-12-19 2009-03-17 Ferrari S.P.A. Metal frame made up of the union of a plurality of extruded elements, and method for its fabrication
US7000978B1 (en) * 2004-08-20 2006-02-21 Frank Messano Thin-skin ultralight recreational vehicle body system
US20060044755A1 (en) * 2004-08-24 2006-03-02 Fujitsu Limited Electronic apparatus with a cooling redundancy function
US20060059807A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-23 Jim Zimmerman Frame system for motor vehicle
US20060053857A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Durney Max W Tool system for bending sheet materials and method of using same
US7331505B2 (en) * 2005-11-28 2008-02-19 Meadwestvaco Packaging Systems, Llc Carton for tapered articles
US20080048366A1 (en) * 2006-08-28 2008-02-28 Industrial Origami, Inc. Method and Apparatus For Imparting Compound Folds on Sheet Material
US20080054683A1 (en) * 2006-09-06 2008-03-06 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Car body frame member
US20140008312A1 (en) * 2012-07-06 2014-01-09 Max W. Durney Solar panel rack

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP1861317A4 (en) 2009-11-18 application
RU2007139499A (en) 2009-04-27 application
CN101171093A (en) 2008-04-30 application
KR20070119047A (en) 2007-12-18 application
EP1861317A2 (en) 2007-12-05 application
CA2602038A1 (en) 2006-10-05 application
WO2006104789A2 (en) 2006-10-05 application
JP2008534392A (en) 2008-08-28 application
US20060277965A1 (en) 2006-12-14 application
WO2006104789A3 (en) 2007-11-15 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3913774A (en) End caps for containers
US6386275B1 (en) Surrounding type fin-retaining structure of heat radiator
US6877349B2 (en) Method for precision bending of sheet of materials, slit sheets fabrication process
US5069484A (en) Duct joining system
CN201075299Y (en) LCD panel frame jointing structure
US6415478B1 (en) Assist grip attachment structure method
US6364589B1 (en) Panel fastener assembly
US20040206152A1 (en) Sheet material with bend controlling displacements and method for forming the same
US3793791A (en) Method and apparatus for forming a panel for use as a structural element
US20060207212A1 (en) Precision-folded, high strength, fatigue-resistant structures and sheet therefor
US6164477A (en) Combined mortise and tenon joint feature
US4900108A (en) Self-fixturing cabinet corner member
EP0578459A1 (en) Improvements relating to support systems for cables, service pipes and the like
JP2000039850A (en) Liquid crystal panel holding frame and its manufacture
US6692206B1 (en) Split weld cage nut assembly
US20080265726A1 (en) Folded and glued display container having integral shelf elements
US5050793A (en) System for interconnecting panels
US20110107706A1 (en) System of interlocking building blocks
EP0444004A1 (en) Blank for constructing a box and box constructed therefrom
US5221183A (en) Blower housing seam and method of making same
US20050257589A1 (en) Sheet material with bend controlling displacements and method for forming the same
US6647693B2 (en) Three-dimensional structures of sheet material
US8151533B2 (en) Wall panel system
US4034909A (en) Collapsible container
US7065928B1 (en) Roof curb assembly

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: INDUSTRIAL ORIGAMI, INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:INDUSTRIAL ORIGAMI, LLC;REEL/FRAME:025144/0554

Effective date: 20070314

Owner name: INDUSTRIAL ORIGAMI, LLC, OHIO

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DURNEY, MAX W.;REEL/FRAME:025144/0454

Effective date: 20060725

AS Assignment

Owner name: ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES FUND LP, UNITED KINGDOM

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:INDUSTRIAL ORIGAMI, INC.;REEL/FRAME:025594/0161

Effective date: 20110105

Owner name: MOUNTAIN TOP FARM CONSULTING LLC, VERMONT

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:INDUSTRIAL ORIGAMI, INC.;REEL/FRAME:025594/0161

Effective date: 20110105

Owner name: ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES ASSOCIATES FUND LP, UNI

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:INDUSTRIAL ORIGAMI, INC.;REEL/FRAME:025594/0161

Effective date: 20110105