US20100267502A1 - Sports Grip Sensor - Google Patents

Sports Grip Sensor Download PDF

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Publication number
US20100267502A1
US20100267502A1 US12/426,120 US42612009A US2010267502A1 US 20100267502 A1 US20100267502 A1 US 20100267502A1 US 42612009 A US42612009 A US 42612009A US 2010267502 A1 US2010267502 A1 US 2010267502A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
grip
sensor
handle
sports
pressure
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/426,120
Inventor
Alexander Kaufman
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kaufman Alexander
Original Assignee
Alexander Kaufman
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Alexander Kaufman filed Critical Alexander Kaufman
Priority to US12/426,120 priority Critical patent/US20100267502A1/en
Publication of US20100267502A1 publication Critical patent/US20100267502A1/en
Priority claimed from US13/136,898 external-priority patent/US8449410B1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B49/00Stringed rackets, e.g. for tennis
    • A63B49/02Frames
    • A63B49/08Frames with special construction of the handle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B60/00Details or accessories of golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B60/00Details or accessories of golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like
    • A63B60/46Measurement devices associated with golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like for measuring physical parameters relating to sporting activity, e.g. baseball bats with impact indicators or bracelets for measuring the golf swing
    • A63B2060/464Means for indicating or measuring the pressure on the grip
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0619Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills
    • A63B71/0622Visual, audio or audio-visual systems for entertaining, instructing or motivating the user
    • A63B2071/0625Emitting sound, noise or music
    • A63B2071/0627Emitting sound, noise or music when used improperly, e.g. by giving a warning
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0619Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills
    • A63B2071/0655Tactile feedback
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/50Force related parameters
    • A63B2220/56Pressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/14Handles

Abstract

A sports training device including a pressure sensor mounted on the grip of a tennis racket or golf club is provided. The device includes a peizo-electric force sensor to monitor the grip pressure in a circular sensing area located under where palm meets the index finger. The peizo-electric sensor varies its resistance inversely with force applied is connected to an op-amp that uses a variable resistor to deliver an output voltage proportional to the force applied. This voltage triggers a vibrating motor to spin, thus alerting the user that he or she has squeezed too hard. This variable pressure sensor is connected to an alarm that will immediately notify the user when the grip is too tight. The exact amount of pressure for each player and the sports equipment used will vary widely, but can be adjusted to signal when the pressure is too great for the particular use.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention relates generally to a device for improving a player's sports grip, and more particularly to a device to alert a player at a correct grip tightness.
  • There are various tennis training devices currently on the market, including one to help give a player the correct wrist motion during a swing. However, this device does not address correct grip tightness.
  • Notwithstanding the availability of such a training device, there exists the need to provide a device that will signal a player to hold a sports grip with the correct amount of pressure, thereby improving his or her swing.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Generally speaking, in accordance with the invention, a sports training device including a pressure sensor mounted in the grip of a tennis racket, or golf club is provided. The device is adjustable so that the player can fine-tune the sensor to alert at the correct grip tightness. This variable pressure sensor is connected to an alarm that will immediately notify the user when the grip is too tight. The exact amount of pressure for each player and the sports equipment used will vary widely, but can be adjusted to signal when the pressure is too great for the particular use. The device is suitable for grips of a tennis racket or golf clubs.
  • The sports grip alerts the player when squeezed too tightly by vibrating or issuing an alarm when the sensor is tripped. A peizo-electric force sensor monitors the grip pressure in a circular sensing area located under where palm meets the index finger. This location provides reliable pressure during a swing, but more sensors may be placed around the entire handle for different sports and to improve the precision of the sensor. The peizo-electric sensor varies its resistance inversely with force applied. It is connected to an op-amp that uses a variable resistor to deliver an output voltage proportional to the force applied. This voltage triggers a vibrating motor to spin, thus alerting the user that he or she has squeezed too hard.
  • Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a device to monitors a player's grip during swings.
  • It is another object of the invention to provide a device to alert a player when he or she grips too tightly during a swing.
  • It is a further object of the invention to provide a training device that is adjustable and suitable for a variety of players and sports.
  • It is yet another object of the invention to provide a training device having a pressure sensor mounted on the racket handle that is adjustable so that the player can fine-tune the racket to alert at the correct grip tightness.
  • It is yet further object of the invention to provide a training device to improve grip tightness that is compact and easy to use.
  • The invention accordingly comprises a product possessing the features, properties, and the relation of components which will be exemplified in the product hereinafter described, and the scope of the invention will be indicated in the claims.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • For a fuller understanding of the invention, reference is had to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing(s), in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a tennis racket including a grip sensor constructed and arranged in accordance with to the invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the elements of the grip sensor in the tennis racket of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic of a simple circuit showing the electrical connections for the grip of FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 4 is a suitable force to voltage circuit driven by a −5V DC excitation voltage for use with the grip sensors; and;
  • FIG. 5 are a Resistance Curve and a Conductance Curve for the circuit of FIG. 5.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a tennis racket 11 having a handle 12 with a grip 13 and racket head 14. Handle 12 includes a grip sensor 16. The details of grip 16 are shown in FIG. 2. Grip sensor 16 includes a pattern of piezo electric force sensors 17, 18, 19 and 21 placed within in grip 1B with and electrical circuit 22. Handle 12 also includes a sensitivity adjustment knob 23 operatively connected to electrical circuit 22.
  • Grip sensor 16 alerts a player when grip 13 is squeezed too tightly by vibrating when one of the sensors is tripped. Each sensor is a peizo-electric force sensor that monitors the pressure on grip 13. This small circular sensing area is located under where palm generally meets the index finger. This location provides reliable pressure during a tennis or golf swing, but more sensors around the entire handle could be added to improve the precision of the sensor.
  • Typical sensors are ultra-thin and flexible printed circuits. These paper-thin force sensors can measure force between almost any two surfaces and are durable enough to stand up to sports environments due to their construction, flexibility and force measurement ability. Such sensors are available to measure forces in the range of from zero to 100 pounds.
  • The sensors are constructed of two layers of substrate of a polymer film, such as a polyester film. A conductive material, such as silver is deposited in the form of a circle or other suitable pattern, followed by a layer of a pressure sensitive ink. A suitable adhesive is then used to laminate the two layers of substrate and electrode together to form an individual sensor. The silver circle or pattern on top of the pressure-sensitive ink defines the active sensing area of the sensor. Silver or other conductive material extends from the sensing area to the connectors at one end of the sensor, thereby forming the conductive leads.
  • EXAMPLE 1
  • Each peizo-electric sensor varies its resistance inversely with force applied and is connected to an op-amp that uses a variable resistor to deliver an output voltage proportional to the force applied. This voltage triggers a vibrating motor 24 to spin, thus alerting the user that he or she has squeezed too hard. The system is powered by battery. In an exemplary embodiment, 5 n-type batteries 26 provide a voltage into sensor 17 of −3 V and a voltage of 4.5 V into an inverting operational amplifier 27 to produce an analog output based on the sensor resistance with additional sensors 18, 19, and 21 connected to op-amps 28, 29 and 31 for controlling vibrator 24 as shown in the schematic illustration of FIG. 3 how sensors 17, 18, 19 and 21 are connected to power source 26 and vibrator 24.
  • One such commercially available sensor is a FlexiForce brand sensor from TekScan, Inc. of South Boston, Mass. The Tekscan sensors operate in the circuit of FIG. 4 and have the Resistance vs. Force curve and Conductance vs. Force curve shown in FIG. 5. In FIG. 4, the following applies: VOUT=−V*(RF/RS).
  • Grip sensor 17 has a 1 mega-ohm variable resistor 32 coupled to adjustment knob 23 used to control the sensitivity of the sensors. A 20 mA relay is connected to the output voltage of the op amp to power the vibrator. Details of the sensor circuit are set forth in U.S. Pat. No. 6,222,936, the contents of which is encompassed here as by reference.
  • This disclosure provides a product that monitors a player's grip during swings and alerts the player when he or she grips too tightly. Correct grip pressure is essential to a good swing and it is not easy to diagnose a grip that is too tight.
  • It will thus be seen that the objects set forth above, among those made apparent from the preceding description, are efficiently attained and, since certain changes may be made in the above product without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description and shown in the accompanying drawing(s) shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
  • The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes of the invention.

Claims (11)

1. (canceled)
2. (canceled)
3. The sports grip of claim 8, wherein the handle is a tennis racquet handle.
4. The sports grip of claim 8, wherein the handle is a golf club shaft.
5. (canceled)
6. (canceled)
7. (canceled)
8. A sports grip, comprising:
a grip handle with a grip covering;
at least one piezo-electric sensor and sensor circuit including an operational amplifier having a variable resistor with the resistance of the resistor varying inversely with force applied to the grip to deliver an output voltage proportional to the force applied to the sensor mounted to the handle below the grip covering;
a vibrator located in the grip handle and operatively connected to the output of the sensor circuit;
an adjustment control on the handle to control the force necessary to allow the circuit to operate the vibrator; and
the piezo-electric sensor for varying the force necessary to operate the vibrator thereby increasing the vibration to alert a user when he or she has squeezed too hard by applying too much force to the grip.
9. The sports grip of claim 8, wherein the sensor includes two layers of a substrate of a polymer film and a conductive material deposited in the form of a suitable pattern on the polymer film with a layer of a pressure sensitive ink on the pattern and the two layers laminated with an adhesive to form the individual sensor, whereby the pattern on top of the pressure-sensitive ink defines the active sensing area of the sensor.
10. The sports grip of claim 9, wherein the polymer film is a polyester film.
11. The sports grip of claim 9, wherein the conductive material is silver.
US12/426,120 2009-04-17 2009-04-17 Sports Grip Sensor Abandoned US20100267502A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/426,120 US20100267502A1 (en) 2009-04-17 2009-04-17 Sports Grip Sensor

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/426,120 US20100267502A1 (en) 2009-04-17 2009-04-17 Sports Grip Sensor
PCT/US2010/031155 WO2010120976A1 (en) 2009-04-17 2010-04-15 Sport grip force measuring sensor
US13/136,898 US8449410B1 (en) 2009-04-17 2011-08-12 Sports grip sensor

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13/136,898 Continuation-In-Part US8449410B1 (en) 2009-04-17 2011-08-12 Sports grip sensor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20100267502A1 true US20100267502A1 (en) 2010-10-21

Family

ID=42262626

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12/426,120 Abandoned US20100267502A1 (en) 2009-04-17 2009-04-17 Sports Grip Sensor

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US20100267502A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2010120976A1 (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100071920A1 (en) * 2008-09-19 2010-03-25 James Ching Sik Lau Power tool
US20140221134A1 (en) * 2013-02-04 2014-08-07 Indian Industries, Inc. Light-up table tennis paddle and method
US8936523B2 (en) 2012-09-18 2015-01-20 David W. Manners Training device
US20150360082A1 (en) * 2014-06-13 2015-12-17 Jorge H. Rangel Activity Tracking Racquet Attachment Device
US20160069760A1 (en) * 2014-09-10 2016-03-10 Grip Plus Inc Interactive pressure control system
CN106474674A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-03-08 国家体育总局体育科学研究所 A kind of can measuring acceleration and thrust upper limbs arm strength amount specialized training instrument

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104815426A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-08-05 深圳市优宝创科技有限公司 Wireless intelligent racket sensor

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3323367A (en) * 1964-12-01 1967-06-06 Vibrac Corp Grip indicator
US4870868A (en) * 1988-04-27 1989-10-03 Pennwalt Corporation Vibration sensing apparatus
US4930785A (en) * 1989-09-05 1990-06-05 Kcap Manufacturing, Inc. Golf grip training apparatus
US5221088A (en) * 1991-01-22 1993-06-22 Mcteigue Michael H Sports training system and method
US5226650A (en) * 1989-09-05 1993-07-13 Wolfgang Suttner Tennis racket
US5439217A (en) * 1993-04-29 1995-08-08 Tone Trainer, Inc. Method and training device to assure sportsmen a proper grip with membrane switch
US5439216A (en) * 1993-04-29 1995-08-08 Tone Trainer, Inc. Method and training device to assure sportsmen a proper grip with membrane switch
US5542676A (en) * 1993-02-11 1996-08-06 Soundadvice For Sports, Inc. Biosensor feedback device for sporting implements
US5681993A (en) * 1994-04-18 1997-10-28 Heitman; Lynn Byron Method and apparatus for measuring grip force
US6716034B2 (en) * 2000-12-01 2004-04-06 Manuel M. Casanova, Jr. Grip pressure detector assembly
US20070202765A1 (en) * 2004-03-31 2007-08-30 Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V. Textile form touch sensor
US7362231B2 (en) * 2002-07-10 2008-04-22 Arie Cornelis Bos Hand pressure sensor warning device
US20080274819A1 (en) * 2007-05-04 2008-11-06 Caldwell Theodore W Grip Pressure Sensor

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6033370A (en) * 1992-07-01 2000-03-07 Preventive Medical Technologies, Inc. Capacitative sensor
US6272936B1 (en) * 1998-02-20 2001-08-14 Tekscan, Inc Pressure sensor
US7645220B2 (en) * 2005-11-08 2010-01-12 Anatasol, Llc Perineometer with wireless biofeedback
US8652051B2 (en) * 2007-04-04 2014-02-18 Brunswick Corporation Contact pressure sensing apparatus for use with exercise equipment sensors

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3323367A (en) * 1964-12-01 1967-06-06 Vibrac Corp Grip indicator
US4870868A (en) * 1988-04-27 1989-10-03 Pennwalt Corporation Vibration sensing apparatus
US4930785A (en) * 1989-09-05 1990-06-05 Kcap Manufacturing, Inc. Golf grip training apparatus
US5226650A (en) * 1989-09-05 1993-07-13 Wolfgang Suttner Tennis racket
US5221088A (en) * 1991-01-22 1993-06-22 Mcteigue Michael H Sports training system and method
US5542676A (en) * 1993-02-11 1996-08-06 Soundadvice For Sports, Inc. Biosensor feedback device for sporting implements
US5439217A (en) * 1993-04-29 1995-08-08 Tone Trainer, Inc. Method and training device to assure sportsmen a proper grip with membrane switch
US5439216A (en) * 1993-04-29 1995-08-08 Tone Trainer, Inc. Method and training device to assure sportsmen a proper grip with membrane switch
US5681993A (en) * 1994-04-18 1997-10-28 Heitman; Lynn Byron Method and apparatus for measuring grip force
US6716034B2 (en) * 2000-12-01 2004-04-06 Manuel M. Casanova, Jr. Grip pressure detector assembly
US7362231B2 (en) * 2002-07-10 2008-04-22 Arie Cornelis Bos Hand pressure sensor warning device
US20070202765A1 (en) * 2004-03-31 2007-08-30 Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V. Textile form touch sensor
US20080274819A1 (en) * 2007-05-04 2008-11-06 Caldwell Theodore W Grip Pressure Sensor

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100071920A1 (en) * 2008-09-19 2010-03-25 James Ching Sik Lau Power tool
US8936523B2 (en) 2012-09-18 2015-01-20 David W. Manners Training device
US20140221134A1 (en) * 2013-02-04 2014-08-07 Indian Industries, Inc. Light-up table tennis paddle and method
US20150360082A1 (en) * 2014-06-13 2015-12-17 Jorge H. Rangel Activity Tracking Racquet Attachment Device
US9744403B2 (en) * 2014-06-13 2017-08-29 Jorge H. Rangel Activity tracking racquet attachment device
US20160069760A1 (en) * 2014-09-10 2016-03-10 Grip Plus Inc Interactive pressure control system
CN106474674A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-03-08 国家体育总局体育科学研究所 A kind of can measuring acceleration and thrust upper limbs arm strength amount specialized training instrument

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