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Burner arrangement

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Publication number
US20100104989A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
burner
porous
segments
arrangement
supply
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12450638
Inventor
Martin Assmann
Udo Falkenreck
Hans-Jürgen Hecken
Jochen Schlüter
Walter Weischedel
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SMS Siemag AG
Original Assignee
SMS Siemag AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D11/00Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths
    • B22D11/10Supplying or treating molten metal
    • B22D11/103Distributing the molten metal, e.g. using runners, floats, distributors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like
    • B22D41/005Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like with heating or cooling means
    • B22D41/01Heating means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like
    • B22D41/005Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like with heating or cooling means
    • B22D41/01Heating means
    • B22D41/015Heating means with external heating, i.e. the heat source not being a part of the ladle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES
    • F23J13/00Fittings for chimneys or flues
    • F23J13/02Linings; Jackets; Casings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES
    • F23J13/00Fittings for chimneys or flues
    • F23J13/04Joints; Connections
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES
    • F23J2213/00Chimneys or flues
    • F23J2213/20Joints; Connections
    • F23J2213/202Joints; Connections between duct or stack sections
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES
    • F23J2213/00Chimneys or flues
    • F23J2213/30Specific materials
    • F23J2213/303Specific materials metallic
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES
    • F23J2213/00Chimneys or flues
    • F23J2213/30Specific materials
    • F23J2213/304Specific materials ceramic
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES
    • F23J2213/00Chimneys or flues
    • F23J2213/40Heat insulation fittings

Abstract

The invention relates to a burner arrangement (1) in particular for heating, drying or keeping warm, in particular a distributor (5) of a continuous casting unit and consisting of a flat arrangement of at least one burner (2). The burner(s) (2) is/are embodied as a porous burner (10).

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD
  • [0001]
    The invention concerns a burner arrangement, especially for heating, drying and/or keeping hot especially tundishes of a continuous casting installation.
  • PRIOR ART
  • [0002]
    In melting operations, for example in steelworks with continuous casting installations, the molten metal is usually brought by a ladle to the casting platform of a continuous casting installation. The hot liquid metal is intermediately buffered by means of a tundish, for example a tundish launder, before it flows into the mold of the continuous casting installation. The tundish also serves the purpose of allowing continuous changing of the casting ladles, thereby making it possible for sequence casting of the metal to be carried out.
  • [0003]
    The tundishes are usually relined on a cyclical basis and, if necessary, subjected to fresh intermediate repair work and fitted with an immersion tube before each sequence. The tundish is then dried and heated. The heating is carried out by operating a burner with fossil fuels, such as natural gas, and with oxygen carriers, such as air. Commercially available burners, which are built into a heating cover, are usually used for this purpose.
  • [0004]
    The use of commercially available burners that produce flames results in the generation of fast-moving exhaust gas, which tends to cause striation and as a whole has a low fraction of radiant energy.
  • [0005]
    The flames produce point-focal heating, which can lead to local overheating, where each flame strikes directly, while other areas tend to be heated too weakly, where the flame is too far away. This causes stresses in the tundish, which can lead to cracking and thus to stoppage of the entire plant. In addition, due to the inhomogeneous heating with the flame, the drying time is prolonged, the service life of the tundish is reduced, and at the same time the energy consumption is very high. CO2 emissions are also very high. This also increases the consumption of lining material for the tundish, because it must be replaced more often due to increased cracking. This results in higher costs for the energy supply, which makes the plant less economical. Furthermore, the discharge of combustion exhaust gases is very high, which on the whole is not very environmentally friendly and in recent years has come to be seen as especially unfavorable in connection with the discussion of the greenhouse effect.
  • [0006]
    Burner arrangements of this type are disclosed, for example, by KR 102003005373 A, KR 1020030021728 A, KR 1020040011716 A, KR 1020010091068 A, and KR 09122854 A.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION, OBJECTIVE, SOLUTION, ADVANTAGES
  • [0007]
    The objective of the invention is to create a burner arrangement, especially for heating, drying and/or keeping hot especially tundishes of a continuous casting installation, which realizes better utter utilization of the energy that is used, a reduction of CO2 emissions, a high availability of the installation. A further objective of the invention is to create a method for the advantageous control of a burner arrangement.
  • [0008]
    The objective of the invention with respect to a burner arrangement is achieved with a burner arrangement, especially for heating, drying and/or keeping hot especially a tundish of a continuous casting installation, with a flat arrangement of at least one burner, where the burner or burners are designed as porous burners.
  • [0009]
    In this regard, it is especially advantageous if the porous burner has porous burner segments. The porous burner can have one segment or a plurality of segments, which are connected with one another or at least are arranged adjacent to one another except for a slight joint between the segments. In accordance with the invention, the connected segments are connected by connecting means and/or are held, for example, by means of a frame in such a way that a uniform burner is realized by the arrangement of the segments adjacent to one another. In one advantageous embodiment, it is effective if the segments of the porous burner have a flat arrangement in adjacent rows.
  • [0010]
    To supply fuel and an oxygen carrier, it is effective if the porous burner segments are each supplied with fuel and/or an oxygen carrier by means of supply lines. In this regard, it is advantageous if at least some of the individual supply lines are supplied with fuel and/or with an oxygen carrier by a common supply line. It is also advantageous if, in accordance with another embodiment, a blower is provided to supply the oxygen carrier through the supply lines. In this way, an oxygen carrier, for example, air, is conveyed through the supply lines to the segments by means of the blower.
  • [0011]
    To manipulate the burner arrangement, it is advantageous if the porous burner arrangement is held by a swivel mount or a swivel arm, which has a joint that allows it to swivel. In this connection, it can be advantageous if, in accordance with another embodiment, the blower is likewise held by the mount or the swivel arm, so that the blower can also be swiveled.
  • [0012]
    The objective of the invention with respect to a method is achieved by a method for controlling a burner arrangement, in which segments of the porous burner are turned on and/or off as a function of the desired heating intensity or heating power. In this regard, it is advantageous if segments are turned on or off at least in alternating rows or in a checkerboard pattern.
  • [0013]
    Advantageous refinements of the invention are described in the dependent claims.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0014]
    The invention is explained in greater detail below with reference to the embodiment of the invention that is illustrated in the drawings.
  • [0015]
    FIG. 1 is a view of a burner arrangement of the invention for heating and/or drying a tundish and/or keeping it hot.
  • [0016]
    FIG. 2 is a top view of a burner arrangement according to FIG. 1.
  • PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION
  • [0017]
    FIG. 1 shows a view of a burner arrangement 1, especially for heating, drying and/or keeping hot especially tundishes of a continuous casting installation. In this regard, the burner arrangement 1 has a burner 2, which is held on a mount 3 and is designed to swivel by virtue of the fact that the mount 3 has a swivel bearing 4. The mount thus forms a swivel arm. In this regard, the burner can be positioned over the tundish 5, as in heating position 8, in which it heats the tundish, or the burner can be swiveled upward into a parked position 9, so that it is in an essentially vertical position, and the tundish is essentially freely accessible for other work. The swivel arm can be swiveled between these two positions by hydraulic or pneumatic control.
  • [0018]
    In accordance with the invention, the burner 2 is designed as a porous burner 10. The porous burner 10 has the advantageous property that, as a gas burner, it allows combustion of a gas-air mixture in a porous structure or cell, which gets by to a certain extent or totally without the formation of a flame. As a result, flameless, volumetric combustion of the gas-air mixture is achieved. In this process, combustion in the porous structure is realized, so that after the introduction of the gas-air mixture, a stream of exhaust gas is produced as the reaction product on the discharge side.
  • [0019]
    The oxygen carrier, for example, air, is blown into the porous burner 10, for example, by means of a blower 6. In this process, the oxygen carrier is drawn in by the blower and supplied to the burner, which is designed as a porous burner 10, by supply channels or supply lines 7.
  • [0020]
    It is advantageous for the porous burner 10 illustrated in FIG. 2 to be composed of several segments of the porous burner. To this end, the individual segments 11, 12, 13 have an essentially flat arrangement and are connected to at least one supply line 14, 15, by means of which the fuel and/or the oxygen carrier is fed to each segment. In this regard, the air or the oxygen carrier can be introduced into the segments of the porous burner by a blower, as described above. In accordance with another embodiment, it is also possible to provide a supply line for a fuel-air mixture.
  • [0021]
    The segments, which have a flat arrangement, are advantageously arranged adjacent to one another for this purpose with slight joint spacing, so that a flat arrangement of the porous burner segments in several rows is provided. The segments of the porous burner can be supported by supporting means, for example, in a support frame, which is connected with the swivel arm, so that the flat arrangement of the porous burner segments can be swiveled together with the swivel arm.
  • [0022]
    The porous burner produces a stream of hot exhaust gases as well as thermal radiation, which are directed at the tundish to heat it, to dry it, to warm it, or to bring it to a desired temperature. The hot exhaust gas reaches the interior of the tundish or the surface of the tundish, which produces a homogeneous temperature distribution and thus counteracts striation. However, due to the fact that a large portion of the energy is converted to radiation, the tundish can also be heated very effectively.
  • [0023]
    It is especially advantageous that the porous burner is realized as an essentially flat arrangement composed of individual segments of porous burners. This provides the advantageous possibility of controlling the process by turning individual segments or rows of segments on or off independently of one another or turning individual segments on or off independently of one another.
  • [0024]
    Depending on the heating intensity or heating power to be applied, all of the segments of the porous burner can be turned on, or some individual segments can be turned off. It can be advantageous if segments are turned on or off at least in alternating rows. It can also be advantageous if segments are turned on or off alternatingly in a checkerboard pattern, so that only a fraction of the segments is operated.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • [0025]
    1 burner arrangement
    2 burner
    3 mount, swivel arm
    4 swivel bearing
    5 tundish
    6 blower
    7 supply channels or supply line
    8 heating position
    9 parked position
    10 porous burner
    11 segment
    12 segment
    13 segment
    14 supply line
    15 supply line

Claims (4)

1. A burner arrangement (1), especially for heating, drying or keeping hot especially a tundish (5) of a continuous casting installation, with a flat arrangement of at least one burner (2), wherein the burner or burners (2) are realized as porous burners (10), wherein the porous burner (10) has porous burner segments (11, 12, 13), and the porous burner segments (11, 12, 13) are supplied with fuel and/or an oxygen carrier by supply lines (4), and at least some individual supply lines (4, 14, 15) are supplied with fuel and/or an oxygen carrier by a common supply line, and, in addition, a blower (6) is provided for supplying the oxygen carrier through the supply lines, and wherein the porous burner arrangement (10) is held by a swivel arm (3), which has a joint that allows it to swivel, and the blower (6) is likewise held by the swivel arm (3), so that the blower (6) can also be swiveled.
2. A burner arrangement in accordance with claim 1, wherein the porous burner segments (11, 12, 13) of the porous burner (10) are arranged flat in a row or rows.
3. A method for controlling a burner arrangement in accordance with claim 1, wherein porous burner segments (11, 12, 13) are turned on and/or off as a function of the desired heating intensity or heating power.
4. A method for controlling a burner arrangement in accordance with claim 1, wherein segments (11, 12, 13) are turned on or off at least in alternating rows or in a checkerboard pattern.
US12450638 2007-04-03 2007-04-03 Burner arrangement Abandoned US20100104989A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102007016016.1 2007-04-03
DE200710016016 DE102007016016A1 (en) 2007-04-03 2007-04-03 burner arrangement
PCT/EP2008/001296 WO2008119415A1 (en) 2007-04-03 2008-02-20 Burner arrangement

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20100104989A1 true true US20100104989A1 (en) 2010-04-29

Family

ID=39387277

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12450638 Abandoned US20100104989A1 (en) 2007-04-03 2007-04-03 Burner arrangement

Country Status (9)

Country Link
US (1) US20100104989A1 (en)
JP (1) JP5094958B2 (en)
KR (1) KR20090089345A (en)
CN (1) CN101668600B (en)
CA (1) CA2677975C (en)
DE (1) DE102007016016A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2134488B1 (en)
ES (1) ES2374757T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2008119415A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140345541A1 (en) * 2013-05-22 2014-11-27 Plum Combustion, Inc. Ultra Low NOx Burner Using Distributed Direct Fuel Injection
KR101660897B1 (en) 2015-07-28 2016-09-28 윤지원 Manufactoring Method of Pair Glass having Decoration Later
KR20170013806A (en) 2016-06-01 2017-02-07 윤지원 Pair Glass having Decoration Later

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102007016018A1 (en) * 2007-04-03 2008-10-09 Sms Demag Ag burner arrangement
KR101413182B1 (en) * 2012-08-09 2014-07-01 한국에너지기술연구원 Regenerative oxy­fuel combustion system and method

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US3863907A (en) * 1972-10-24 1975-02-04 M & T Mfg Co Radiant heating system
US4229211A (en) * 1979-11-08 1980-10-21 The Cadre Corporation Ladle heating system
US4458886A (en) * 1981-12-14 1984-07-10 Asea Ab Thermal recuperator device with a facility for controlling the pressure in an upstream vessel
US4589843A (en) * 1976-04-07 1986-05-20 Smith Thomas M Infra-red irradiation
US4951401A (en) * 1988-09-16 1990-08-28 Senju Metal Industry Co., Ltd. Solder reflow apparatus
US5154160A (en) * 1991-05-12 1992-10-13 Q Industries Food Equipment Co. Automated oven with gas-fired radiant heater assembly
US5400765A (en) * 1986-05-16 1995-03-28 Quantum Group, Inc. Selective emissive cooking stove
US5465651A (en) * 1987-02-17 1995-11-14 American Harvest, Inc. Rapid cooking device
US5700420A (en) * 1994-12-02 1997-12-23 Kawasaki Steel Corporation Non-oxidizing heating method and apparatus
US6000930A (en) * 1997-05-12 1999-12-14 Altex Technologies Corporation Combustion process and burner apparatus for controlling NOx emissions
US6155333A (en) * 1999-02-23 2000-12-05 Techint Compagnia Tecnica Internazionale Continuous electric steelmaking with charge preheating, melting, refining and casting
US6575736B1 (en) * 1999-01-14 2003-06-10 Kreiger Gmbh & Co. Kg Infrared radiator that is designed as surface radiator
US6880619B1 (en) * 1999-09-01 2005-04-19 Nkk Corporation Heat treating plant, installation method for porous regenerative element, production method for heat treated substance, selection method for porous regenerative element, and spent porous regenerative element component member
US7379663B2 (en) * 2003-03-21 2008-05-27 Pyrotek Engineering Materials Limited Continuous casting installation and process
US7878189B2 (en) * 2002-11-29 2011-02-01 Lg Electronics Inc. Combustion fan installation structure of gas radiation oven range

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JPH07293831A (en) * 1994-04-20 1995-11-10 Tokyo Gas Co Ltd Burner device for heating feeder
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JP3691239B2 (en) * 1998-03-03 2005-09-07 三洋電機株式会社 The combustion device
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JP2001349514A (en) * 2000-06-06 2001-12-21 Sanyo Electric Air Conditioning Co Ltd Combustion equipment
KR100424812B1 (en) 2001-09-07 2004-03-30
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Patent Citations (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3863907A (en) * 1972-10-24 1975-02-04 M & T Mfg Co Radiant heating system
US3824064A (en) * 1973-05-25 1974-07-16 R Bratko Infra-red process burner
US4589843A (en) * 1976-04-07 1986-05-20 Smith Thomas M Infra-red irradiation
US4229211A (en) * 1979-11-08 1980-10-21 The Cadre Corporation Ladle heating system
US4229211B1 (en) * 1979-11-08 1983-10-04
US4458886A (en) * 1981-12-14 1984-07-10 Asea Ab Thermal recuperator device with a facility for controlling the pressure in an upstream vessel
US5400765A (en) * 1986-05-16 1995-03-28 Quantum Group, Inc. Selective emissive cooking stove
US5465651A (en) * 1987-02-17 1995-11-14 American Harvest, Inc. Rapid cooking device
US4951401A (en) * 1988-09-16 1990-08-28 Senju Metal Industry Co., Ltd. Solder reflow apparatus
US5154160A (en) * 1991-05-12 1992-10-13 Q Industries Food Equipment Co. Automated oven with gas-fired radiant heater assembly
US5700420A (en) * 1994-12-02 1997-12-23 Kawasaki Steel Corporation Non-oxidizing heating method and apparatus
US6000930A (en) * 1997-05-12 1999-12-14 Altex Technologies Corporation Combustion process and burner apparatus for controlling NOx emissions
US6575736B1 (en) * 1999-01-14 2003-06-10 Kreiger Gmbh & Co. Kg Infrared radiator that is designed as surface radiator
US6155333A (en) * 1999-02-23 2000-12-05 Techint Compagnia Tecnica Internazionale Continuous electric steelmaking with charge preheating, melting, refining and casting
US6880619B1 (en) * 1999-09-01 2005-04-19 Nkk Corporation Heat treating plant, installation method for porous regenerative element, production method for heat treated substance, selection method for porous regenerative element, and spent porous regenerative element component member
US7878189B2 (en) * 2002-11-29 2011-02-01 Lg Electronics Inc. Combustion fan installation structure of gas radiation oven range
US7379663B2 (en) * 2003-03-21 2008-05-27 Pyrotek Engineering Materials Limited Continuous casting installation and process

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140345541A1 (en) * 2013-05-22 2014-11-27 Plum Combustion, Inc. Ultra Low NOx Burner Using Distributed Direct Fuel Injection
US9038576B2 (en) * 2013-05-22 2015-05-26 Plum Combustion, Inc. Ultra low NOx burner using distributed direct fuel injection
KR101660897B1 (en) 2015-07-28 2016-09-28 윤지원 Manufactoring Method of Pair Glass having Decoration Later
KR20170013806A (en) 2016-06-01 2017-02-07 윤지원 Pair Glass having Decoration Later

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE102007016016A1 (en) 2008-10-09 application
CN101668600A (en) 2010-03-10 application
CA2677975C (en) 2012-07-10 grant
CN101668600B (en) 2012-11-07 grant
JP5094958B2 (en) 2012-12-12 grant
EP2134488A1 (en) 2009-12-23 application
KR20090089345A (en) 2009-08-21 application
ES2374757T3 (en) 2012-02-21 grant
CA2677975A1 (en) 2008-10-09 application
WO2008119415A1 (en) 2008-10-09 application
EP2134488B1 (en) 2011-11-09 grant
JP2010523926A (en) 2010-07-15 application

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Owner name: SMS SIEMAG AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT,GERMANY

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ASSMANN, MARTIN;FALKENRECK, UDO;HECKEN, HANS-JURGEN;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20090701 TO 20090727;REEL/FRAME:023344/0685