US20090100209A1 - Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler - Google Patents

Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20090100209A1
US20090100209A1 US12340916 US34091608A US2009100209A1 US 20090100209 A1 US20090100209 A1 US 20090100209A1 US 12340916 US12340916 US 12340916 US 34091608 A US34091608 A US 34091608A US 2009100209 A1 US2009100209 A1 US 2009100209A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
data
handler
plurality
respective
downstream
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12340916
Inventor
Piotr Szabelski
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Standard Microsystems LLC
Original Assignee
Standard Microsystems LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F13/00Interconnection of, or transfer of information or other signals between, memories, input/output devices or central processing units
    • G06F13/38Information transfer, e.g. on bus
    • G06F13/382Information transfer, e.g. on bus using universal interface adapter
    • G06F13/385Information transfer, e.g. on bus using universal interface adapter for adaptation of a particular data processing system to different peripheral devices

Abstract

A device may include an upstream port and several downstream ports configured to transfer data at a different data transfer rate than the upstream port. The device may also include several downstream data handlers, each coupled to a respective one of the downstream ports, and an upstream data handler coupled to the upstream port. The data handlers are configured to implement a USB protocol. The upstream data handler is configured to store specific transactions (comprising data) received through the upstream port. Each respective downstream data handler is configured to access respective transactions of the stored specific transactions intended for the downstream port associated with the respective downstream data handler, and transmit to its associated respective downstream port the data comprised in its respective transactions. Accordingly, the upstream data handler is shared between the various downstream data handlers.

Description

    CONTINUATION DATA
  • This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 11/223,570 titled “Universal Serial Bus Hub With Shared High Speed Handler Implementing Respective Downstream Transfer Rates” and filed on Sep. 9, 2005, which is a divisional of application Ser. No. 10/374,852 titled “Universal Serial Bus Hub With Shared High Speed Handler” and filed on Feb. 24, 2003, whose inventor is Piotr Szabelski, both of which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety as though fully and completely set forth herein.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • This invention relates to computer systems, and more particularly, to universal serial bus hubs used in computer systems.
  • 2. Description of the Related Art
  • Components in computer systems communicate over various buses. One popular type of bus is the Universal Serial Bus (USB). The USB is a cable bus that allows a host computer to exchange data with a range of peripheral devices. USB peripherals share USB bandwidth through a host-scheduled, token-based protocol. A USB allows peripherals to be attached, configured, used, and detached while the host and other peripherals are in operation.
  • USB hubs allow multiple peripherals to be attached at a single host attachment point. Thus, a hub converts a single host attachment point into multiple peripheral attachment points. Each attachment point is referred to as a port. A hub typically includes an upstream port, which couples the hub to the host, and several downstream ports, which each couple the hub to another hub or peripheral. Each downstream port may be individually enabled and attached to a high-, full-, or low-speed device.
  • A USB hub typically includes a hub controller, a hub repeater, and a transaction translator. The hub repeater provides a USB protocol-controlled switch between the upstream port and downstream ports as well as support for reset and suspend/resume signaling. The host controller facilitates communication to and from the host. The transaction translator allows full- and/or low-speed downstream devices to communicate with a high-speed host. Typically, the number of transaction translators included in a USB hub limits the number of simultaneous transfers that can take place to full- and/or low-speed downstream devices used in a system with a high-speed host.
  • SUMMARY
  • Various embodiments of a method and apparatus for sharing a single upstream data handler between multiple downstream data handlers in a transaction translator for use in a USB hub are disclosed. In one embodiment, a device may include an upstream port and several downstream ports configured to transfer data at a different data transfer rate than the upstream port. The device may also include several downstream data handlers, each coupled to a respective one of the downstream ports, and an upstream data handler coupled to the upstream port. The data handlers are configured to implement a USB protocol. The upstream data handler is configured to provide data received via the upstream port to each of the downstream data handlers. Accordingly, the upstream data handler is shared between the various downstream data handlers.
  • In some embodiments, a method may involve: an upstream port of a USB (Universal Serial Bus) hub operating at a different transfer rate than each of several downstream ports of the USB hub; an upstream handler associated with the upstream port providing data received via the upstream port to each of several downstream handlers, where each of the downstream handlers is associated with a respective one of the downstream ports; and each of the downstream handlers providing data to a respective one of the downstream ports for output.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • Other aspects of the invention will become apparent upon reading the following detailed description and upon reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
  • FIG. 1 shows a block diagram of a USB hub, according to one embodiment.
  • FIG. 2A is a block diagram of a transaction translator including multiple downstream data handlers that share a single upstream data handler, according to one embodiment.
  • FIG. 2B is a block diagram of a transaction translator including multiple downstream data handlers that share a single upstream data handler and a single memory device, according to one embodiment.
  • FIG. 3 is a flowchart of one embodiment of a method of operating a USB hub that includes multiple transaction translators that share memory.
  • FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a system that includes one or more USB hubs.
  • While the invention is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, specific embodiments thereof are shown by way of example in the drawings and will herein be described in detail. It should be understood, however, that the drawings and description thereto are not intended to limit the invention to the particular form disclosed, but, on the contrary, the invention is to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling with the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS
  • A USB (Universal Serial Bus) hub may include transaction translator functionality to translate data streams for transfer between ports operating at different rates. When data is being transferred between ports operating at the same rate, the data handling devices may be inactive. The transaction translator may include an independent data handler for each downstream port. A single data handler at each upstream port may transfer data to and from each of the independent downstream data handlers.
  • A USB hub having a transaction translator that includes a single high speed handler and multiple full- and/or low-speed handlers may be used to couple various devices within a computer system. For example, a hub may couple a host to one or more devices such as: human interface devices such as mice, keyboards, tablets, digital pens, and game controllers; imaging devices such as printers, scanners, and cameras; mass storage devices such as CD-ROM drives, floppy disk drives, and DVD drives; and other hubs. An exemplary USB hub that implements a USB protocol is described with respect to FIGS. 1-4 herein.
  • FIG. 1 shows a block diagram of a USB hub 10, according to one embodiment. As shown, the USB hub 10 includes an upstream (e.g., facing toward a host) port and four downstream (e.g., facing away from a host) ports. Note that the number of ports may vary among embodiments. Each port is coupled to a physical layer device (PHY). Upstream PHY 12 couples the upstream port to the hub controller 14. Downstream PHYs 16A-16D (collectively, PHYs 16) couple a respective downstream port to transaction translator 20. When the upstream port is operating at high speed and a destination downstream port is operating at full or low speed, hub controller 14 may receive a high-speed data stream from upstream PHY 12 and provide the data to transaction translator 20. USB hub 10 may also handle transfers from downstream PHYs 16 to upstream PHY 12 by having transaction translator 20 transform a low- or full-speed data stream received via a downstream PHY 16 into a high-speed data stream for transmission via upstream PHY 12. Each port is an example of a means for receiving a serial data stream.
  • Note that the illustrated embodiment shows portions of a hub 10 configuration needed to allow a high-speed upstream device to communicate with one or more full- and/or low-speed downstream devices through the use of transaction translator 20. Hub 10 may also support communication between high-speed upstream devices and high-speed downstream devices and/or between full- and/or low-speed upstream devices and full- and/or low-speed downstream devices (e.g., via direct connection of the upstream PHY and downstream PHYs). The transaction translator 20 may be inactive if the upstream and downstream devices are operating at the same rate.
  • The number of downstream data handlers within transaction translator 20 may determine how many of the downstream PHYs 16 are able to transfer data at substantially the same time. For example, if there are four downstream data handlers within transaction translator 20, each PHY 16 may be able to transfer data at substantially the same time as the other PHYs 16 are transferring data.
  • FIG. 2A shows a block diagram of a transaction translator 20, according to one embodiment. The transaction translator includes a data handler 22 or 24 for each port. Instead of including an independent upstream data handler 22 for each downstream data handler 24, the upstream data handler 22 is shared between the downstream data handlers 24. By providing an independent data handler 24 for each downstream port, data may be transferred via each downstream port at substantially the same time. Note that in embodiments where multiple upstream ports are implemented, a separate high-speed handler 22 may be implemented for each upstream port. In such embodiments, each high-speed handler 22 may be shared between several downstream handlers 24.
  • When a the upstream port is operating at high speed and the downstream ports are operating at full- and/or low-speed, transaction translator 20 may translate data streams between the different transfer rates. In the illustrated embodiment, if a high-speed data stream is being provided to transaction translator 20 via the upstream port, the high-speed handler may store the data into the memory device 30A-30D coupled to the destination full- and/or low-speed handler 24. For example, if the transaction translator 20 receives a high-speed data stream to be transferred to a low-speed device via the port coupled to downstream handler 24B, the upstream data handler 22 may store data received in that data stream in memory device 30B at a rate substantially similar to the rate at which the data is received. The downstream data handler 24B at the destination port may then read the data out of memory device 30B at a rate substantially similar to the rate at which data is transferred from the destination downstream port.
  • When a downstream device operating at full- or low-speed is sending data to an upstream device operating at high-speed, the data may be received via one of the downstream ports for transmission via the upstream port. For example, the data may be received via the downstream port coupled to data handler 24C. Data handler 24C may store the received data in memory device 30C. Data handler 22 may then output the data from memory device 30C at the higher rate via the upstream port. Other downstream data handlers 24 may operate similarly. Due to the inclusion of multiple downstream data handlers, each downstream data handler 24 may be receiving data from a downstream device at substantially the same time as another downstream data handler.
  • FIG. 2B illustrates a block diagram of a transaction translator 20, according to another embodiment. In FIG. 2B, a single high-speed handler 22 is shared between several downstream handlers 24. The high-speed handler 22 is configured to send and receive a high-speed data stream via the upstream port.
  • In some embodiments, the transaction translator 20 may include a shared memory device 30 that is shared between the downstream data handlers 24, as shown in FIG. 2B. Each handler 22 and 24 is configured to send requests to access shared memory device 30 to data buffer controller 26. In the illustrated embodiment, shared memory device 30 is a single-ported memory device, and thus the high- and full- and/or low-speed handlers arbitrate for access to the shared memory device. Data buffer controller 26 is configured to arbitrate between the handlers' requests to determine which handler's request to provide to the shared memory device 30. Data buffer controller 26 may additionally perform address remapping on at least some of the handlers' requests in some embodiments. Note that in other embodiments, the shared memory device 30 may have more than one port, thus allowing more than one data handler to access the shared memory device at substantially the same time.
  • Each handler 22 and 24 includes buffers 32 to store data being transferred to or from shared memory device 30 prior to transmitting that data to another handler or subsequent to receiving that data from one of the hub's ports. For example, high-speed handler 22 is configured to receive a high-speed stream of data via the upstream port. Portions of the received data may be temporarily buffered in buffer 32E while high-speed handler 22 arbitrates for access to shared memory 30. When access is granted, high-speed handler 22 transfers the buffered data to shared memory 30. In many embodiments, buffer 32E may include two independently accessible buffers so that incoming data can be stored in one buffer while data is written to shared memory device 30 from the other buffer area. High-speed handler 22 may also transmit information to the full- and/or low-speed handler 24 that the data stream is being transmitted to indicating the location of the data to be handled by that full- and/or low-speed handler. Alternatively, different portions of the shared memory 30 may be allocated to each full- and/or low-speed handler 24, allowing the high-speed handler 22 to indicate which handler 24 is the recipient of the data stream by writing the data into the portion of the shared memory 30 allocated to that handler.
  • When a data stream received by one of the full- and/or low-speed handlers 24 is being output by high-speed handler 22, the receiving full- and/or low-speed handler 24 may transmit information to the high-speed handler 22 indicating the location of the data in shared memory device 30. High-speed handler 22 may then arbitrate for access to shared memory device 30 and store a portion of the data in buffer 32E for transfer at the high-speed rate to the upstream port. As when high-speed handler 22 is receiving a high-speed data stream, the buffer 32E may include two independently accessible buffer areas so that data can be transferred to the upstream port from one buffer area while the other buffer area is being loaded with more data from shared memory device 30. Note that in other embodiments, buffer 32E may be a dual-ported device so that data can be transferred into and/or out of the buffer for transfers via the upstream port at substantially the same time as data is also being transferred to and/or from shared memory device 30. As mentioned previously, there may be more than two independently accessible buffers in buffer 32E. The size of each buffer in buffer 32E may be the same as (or greater than) the amount of data accessible in shared memory device 30 by a single access request in some embodiments. In some embodiments, the size of the buffers 32E in the high-speed handler 22 may be larger than the size of buffers 32A-32D in the full- and/or low speed handlers 24.
  • Full- and/or low-speed handlers 24A-24D may each use their respective buffers 32A-32D in much the same way as high speed handler 22 when sending and receiving data via a respective downstream port.
  • FIG. 3 is a flowchart of one embodiment of a method of operating a serial bus hub that uses a shared upstream handler to transfer data to several downstream data handlers. Such a hub may be used to transfer data between connections that are operating at different rates. At 501, an upstream port of a USB (Universal Serial Bus) hub operates at a different transfer rate than each of several downstream ports of the USB hub. The upstream port may receive data from a host to be transferred to destination devices via the downstream ports. For example, an upstream port of the hub may receive data from the host in several different data transfers. Each transfer may involve data to be transferred to a different downstream port.
  • At 503, an upstream data handler associated with the upstream port provides data to each of the downstream handlers. For example, the upstream data handler may provide data received in one transfer from the host to one downstream handler and a data received in another transfer from the host to another downstream handler. The upstream handler may provide the data to the various downstream handlers by storing the data in various memory devices associated with the downstream handlers. Each of the downstream handlers is associated with a respective one of the USB hub's downstream ports. In response to receiving the data from the upstream data handler, each of the downstream handlers provides data to a respective one of the downstream ports, as indicated at 505. The data is then output at the downstream ports' transfer rate, which differs from the transfer rate of the upstream port.
  • USB Protocol
  • In many embodiments, a serial hub may be configured to implement the USB protocol, which defines a polled bus on which a host may initiate data transfers. Typical USB transactions involve several packets. The host initiates a transaction by sending a packet indicating the type and direction (upstream or downstream) of the transaction being initiated, the address of the target device, and an endpoint. If a downstream transfer is requested, the target device receives data transferred from the host. Similarly, if an upstream transfer is requested, the target device sends data to the host. A handshake packet may then be sent to the host from the target device to indicate whether the transfer was successful. The USB protocol describes the transfer between a source or destination on the host and an endpoint on a device as a pipe. Pipes may be either stream pipes or message pipes. Data transferred via a stream pipe has no USB-defined structure, unlike data transferred via a message pipe. Different pipes may have different bandwidths, speeds, and endpoint characteristics (e.g., sink or source, buffer size, etc.) and be used to transfer packets of different sizes.
  • FIG. 4 illustrates an exemplary computer system that may include one or more USB hubs 10 as described above. In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 4, a hub included within host 12 couples directly to hub 10, phone 5E, and monitor 11B. Monitor 11B includes another hub, which couples directly to microphone 5D, speaker 5C and keyboard 11A. Keyboard 11A includes yet another hub, which couples directly to mouse 5B and pen 5A.
  • Any and/or all of the hubs shown in FIG. 4 may be implemented similarly to those described above. Typically, some of the hubs will connect functions operating at the same rate while other hubs will connect functions operating at different rates. Whenever a high-speed function communicates with a non-high-speed function via a hub, transaction translators included in the hub may be used to convert data streams between the different rates. Such transaction translators may share a memory device, as described above. Note that non-USB embodiments of a serial hub may be included in similar computer systems.
  • As shown in FIG. 4, several devices in a computer system may be coupled to a host by various USB connections. A device that is configured to transmit and/or receive data and/or control information over a USB connection may be referred to as a function. Functions are typically implemented as separate peripheral devices that connect to a USB connection, which in turn plugs into a port on a hub. In FIG. 4, exemplary functions include pen 5A, mouse 5B, speaker 5C, microphone 5D, and phone 5E. Some devices, referred to as compound devices, may be implemented in a single physical package that includes one or more functions and/or a hub. Exemplary compound devices in FIG. 4 include keyboard 11A and monitor 11B. All of these functions are coupled to host 12, which may also include a hub that allows the various functions to communicate with the host processor. An additional hub 10 may be coupled to the host in order to provide additional connectivity for other devices (e.g., cameras, printers, scanners, etc.).
  • Numerous variations and modifications will become apparent to those skilled in the art once the above disclosure is fully appreciated. It is intended that the following claims be interpreted to embrace all such variations and modifications.

Claims (31)

  1. 1. A device, comprising:
    an upstream port configured to operate at a first data transfer rate;
    a plurality of downstream ports configured to operate at a different data transfer rate than the first data transfer rate;
    an upstream data handler coupled to the upstream port and configured to store specific transactions received through the upstream port, wherein the specific transactions comprise data;
    a plurality of downstream data handlers, wherein each respective downstream data handler of the plurality of downstream data handlers is:
    associated with a respective downstream port of the plurality of downstream ports;
    operable to access respective transactions of the stored specific transactions, wherein the respective transactions are intended for the respective downstream port associated with the respective downstream data handler; and
    transmit to its associated respective downstream port, at the different data transfer rate, the data comprised in its respective transactions;
    wherein the specific transactions comprise transactions defined by USB (Universal Serial Bus) protocol.
  2. 2. The device of claim 1, wherein the upstream data handler is configured to accept the specific transactions through the upstream port at the first data rate.
  3. 3. The device of claim 1, wherein the upstream data handler is configured to store the data comprised in the specific transactions in a plurality of memory devices; and
    wherein each of the plurality of memory devices is associated with a respective one of the plurality of downstream data handlers.
  4. 4. The device of claim 1, wherein the upstream data handler is configured to store the data comprised in the specific transactions in a shared memory device; and
    wherein each respective downstream data handler is configured to retrieve the data comprised in its respective transactions from the shared memory device for output via its associated respective downstream port.
  5. 5. The device of claim 1, wherein each respective downstream data handler is configured to provide data to its associated respective downstream port substantially simultaneously with another one of the plurality of downstream data handlers providing data to its associated respective downstream port.
  6. 6. The device of claim 1, wherein the specific transactions comprise USB high-speed split transactions.
  7. 7. The device of claim 6, wherein the high-speed split transactions comprise one or more of:
    start-split transactions; or
    complete-split transactions.
  8. 8. The device of claim 7, wherein the upstream data handler is configured to accept the start-split transactions and respond to the complete-split transactions.
  9. 9. The device of claim 1, wherein the upstream data handler is a USB high-speed handler, and each respective downstream data handler is a full/low-speed handler.
  10. 10. The device of claim 1, further comprising:
    an upstream physical layer device coupled to the upstream port;
    a hub controller coupled between the upstream physical layer device and the upstream data handler; and
    a plurality of downstream physical layer devices coupled between the plurality of downstream data handlers and the plurality of downstream ports.
  11. 11. A method, comprising:
    a plurality of downstream ports of a USB (Universal Serial Bus) hub operating at a different transfer rate than an upstream port of the USB hub;
    an upstream handler associated with the upstream port accepting through the upstream port, at the first data rate, specific transactions comprising data, and storing the specific transactions;
    each respective downstream handler of a plurality of downstream handlers accessing respective transactions of the stored specific transactions, wherein each respective downstream handler is associated with a respective downstream port of the plurality of downstream ports, and wherein the respective transactions are intended for the respective downstream port; and
    each respective downstream handler transmitting to its associated respective downstream port, at the different data transfer rate, the data comprised in its respective transactions.
  12. 12. The method of claim 11, wherein said storing the specific transactions comprises storing the specific transactions in a plurality of memory devices; and wherein each of the plurality of memory devices is associated with a respective downstream handler.
  13. 13. The method of claim 11, wherein said storing the specific transactions comprises storing the specific transactions in a shared memory device, the method further comprising:
    each respective downstream handler retrieving the data comprised in its respective transactions from the shared memory device.
  14. 14. The method of claim 13, wherein said each respective downstream handler transmitting to its associated respective downstream port includes the plurality of downstream data handlers transmitting to their associated respective ones of the plurality of downstream ports simultaneously.
  15. 15. A system, comprising:
    a shared memory device;
    a faster handler configured to store in the shared memory device specific transactions intended for a plurality of slower ports and received through a faster port;
    a plurality of slower handlers each coupled to the shared memory device to access respective ones of the stored specific transactions, and transfer data comprised in the respective ones of the stored specific transactions to a respective one of the plurality of slower ports, wherein the plurality of slower ports have respective lower data transfer rates than the faster port;
    wherein the faster handler and each of at least two of the slower handlers are conjunctively operable to use the shared memory device to convert from one respective data transfer rate to another respective data transfer rate; and
    wherein the faster handler and the plurality of slower handlers are configured to implement a USB (Universal Serial Bus) protocol.
  16. 16. The system of claim 15, wherein the faster handler includes at least two buffers, wherein the faster handler is configured to transfer data between the faster port and one of the at least two buffers while also transferring data between the shared memory device and a different one of the at least two buffers.
  17. 17. The system of claim 16, wherein a capacity of each of the at least two buffers is equal to an amount of data accessible in the shared memory device in response to a single request initiated by the faster handler.
  18. 18. The system of claim 15, further comprising:
    a memory arbiter coupled to the shared memory device, the faster handler, and the plurality of slower handlers and configured to arbitrate between requests to access the shared memory device generated by the faster handler and the plurality of slower handlers.
  19. 19. The system of claim 18, wherein the memory arbiter is configured to allow the faster handler to access the shared memory device more frequently than any of the plurality of slower handlers access the shared memory device.
  20. 20. The system of claim 18, wherein the memory arbiter is configured to allow the faster handler to access the shared memory device at least every other arbitration cycle in the memory arbiter.
  21. 21. The system of claim 18, wherein there are N slower handlers in the plurality of slower handlers, and wherein the memory arbiter is configured to allow one of the plurality of slower handlers to access the shared memory device at least every 2N arbitration cycles in the memory arbiter, wherein N is a positive integer.
  22. 22. The system of claim 18, wherein the memory arbiter is configured to arbitrate between the plurality of slower handlers on a round-robin basis.
  23. 23. The system of claim 18, wherein the memory arbiter is configured to map data written by the faster handler into a region of the shared memory device corresponding to one of the plurality of slower handlers to which the data is being transferred.
  24. 24. The system of claim 18, wherein the memory arbiter is configured to map data written by one of the plurality of slower handlers into a region of the shared memory device corresponding to that one of the slower handlers.
  25. 25. The system of claim 15, wherein the shared memory device is a single-ported memory device.
  26. 26. A method, comprising:
    a plurality of ports in a USB (Universal Serial Bus) hub each receiving a respective data stream, wherein at least one of the plurality of ports receives its respective data stream at a different rate than other ones of the plurality of ports, wherein a respective one of a plurality of handlers is associated with each of the plurality of ports, wherein the plurality of handlers are configured to implement a USB protocol;
    arbitrating between the plurality of handlers for access to a shared memory device;
    a first handler, associated with a port of the at least one of the plurality of ports, storing, in response to being selected by said arbitrating, to the shared memory device specific transactions included in the respective data stream received by the port of the at least one of the plurality of ports;
    each of at least two handlers associated with respective ports of the other ones of the plurality of ports accessing the specific transactions and transmitting data comprised in the specific transactions to the respective ports of the other ones of the plurality of ports; and
    wherein the first handler and each of the at least two handlers associated with respective ports of the other ones of the plurality of ports are conjunctively operable to convert from one respective data transfer rate to another respective data transfer rate.
  27. 27. The method of claim 26, wherein the first handler is a faster handler and the port of the at least one of the plurality of ports is a faster port of the plurality of ports, wherein the faster handler includes at least two buffers, wherein the faster handler is configured to transfer data between the faster port and one of the at least two buffers while also transferring data between the shared memory device and a different one of the at least two buffers.
  28. 28. The method of claim 27, wherein a capacity of each of the at least two buffers is equal to an amount of data accessible in the shared memory device in response to a single request initiated by the faster handler.
  29. 29. The method of claim 26, wherein the first handler is a faster handler associated with a faster port of the plurality of ports, wherein said arbitrating allows the faster handler to access the shared memory device more frequently than any other handlers of the plurality of handlers.
  30. 30. The method of claim 26, wherein the shared memory device is a single-ported memory device.
  31. 31. The method of claim 26, wherein the specific transactions are high-speed split transactions.
US12340916 2003-02-24 2008-12-22 Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler Abandoned US20090100209A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10374852 US6959355B2 (en) 2003-02-24 2003-02-24 Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler
US11223570 US7484018B2 (en) 2003-02-24 2005-09-09 Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler implementing respective downstream transfer rates
US12340916 US20090100209A1 (en) 2003-02-24 2008-12-22 Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12340916 US20090100209A1 (en) 2003-02-24 2008-12-22 Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11223570 Continuation US7484018B2 (en) 2003-02-24 2005-09-09 Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler implementing respective downstream transfer rates

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20090100209A1 true true US20090100209A1 (en) 2009-04-16

Family

ID=32868957

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10374852 Active 2023-11-12 US6959355B2 (en) 2003-02-24 2003-02-24 Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler
US11223570 Active 2024-03-14 US7484018B2 (en) 2003-02-24 2005-09-09 Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler implementing respective downstream transfer rates
US12340916 Abandoned US20090100209A1 (en) 2003-02-24 2008-12-22 Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler

Family Applications Before (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10374852 Active 2023-11-12 US6959355B2 (en) 2003-02-24 2003-02-24 Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler
US11223570 Active 2024-03-14 US7484018B2 (en) 2003-02-24 2005-09-09 Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler implementing respective downstream transfer rates

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (3) US6959355B2 (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080120454A1 (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-05-22 Chi-Tung Chang Integrated hub control chip
WO2012040069A2 (en) * 2010-09-23 2012-03-29 Intel Corporation Root hub virtual transaction translator
US8386580B1 (en) * 2009-10-02 2013-02-26 Smsc Holdings S.A.R.L. Shared buffer for data communications routed through hub
US20130346650A1 (en) * 2012-06-25 2013-12-26 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Controller, electronic equipment unit, and usb device control method
US20140059162A1 (en) * 2012-08-24 2014-02-27 Facebook Inc. Distributed information synchronization
US9208189B2 (en) 2012-08-24 2015-12-08 Facebook, Inc. Distributed request processing

Families Citing this family (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4444101B2 (en) * 2002-06-12 2010-03-31 エヌエックスピー ビー ヴィNxp B.V. Bus system, stations for use in the bus system, and bus interface
US6959355B2 (en) * 2003-02-24 2005-10-25 Standard Microsystems Corporation Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler
US7185126B2 (en) * 2003-02-24 2007-02-27 Standard Microsystems Corporation Universal serial bus hub with shared transaction translator memory
US20060227759A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-10-12 Bohm Mark R Peripheral Sharing USB Hub
US20060059293A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-03-16 Henry Wurzburg Universal serial bus switching hub
US20060056401A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-03-16 Standard Microsystems Corporation Peripheral sharing USB hub
JP2006113670A (en) * 2004-10-12 2006-04-27 Seiko Epson Corp Electronic device
US20060181912A1 (en) * 2005-01-21 2006-08-17 Iyer Sree M Low-power solid state storage controller for cell phones and other portable appliances
JP4398386B2 (en) * 2005-01-28 2010-01-13 富士通株式会社 Apparatus for interconnecting a plurality of processing nodes via a serial bus
US7433990B2 (en) * 2006-01-24 2008-10-07 Standard Microsystems Corporation Transferring system information via universal serial bus (USB)
US7523243B2 (en) * 2006-04-14 2009-04-21 Standard Microsystems Corporation Multi-host USB device controller
US7480753B2 (en) * 2006-04-27 2009-01-20 Standard Microsystems Corporation Switching upstream and downstream logic between ports in a universal serial bus hub
US20080005262A1 (en) * 2006-06-16 2008-01-03 Henry Wurzburg Peripheral Sharing USB Hub for a Wireless Host
CN101192184B (en) * 2006-11-17 2012-07-04 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Data transmitting test device and method
CN104408003B (en) * 2006-12-22 2018-06-05 高通股份有限公司 Protocols and enhanced wireless usb hub
US20090063717A1 (en) * 2007-08-28 2009-03-05 Bohm Mark R Rate Adaptation for Support of Full-Speed USB Transactions Over a High-Speed USB Interface
US8261002B2 (en) * 2007-09-11 2012-09-04 Quicklogic Corporation PHY-less ULPI and UTMI bridges
US8085008B2 (en) 2009-05-04 2011-12-27 Texas Instruments Incorporated System for accounting for switch impendances
US20110022769A1 (en) * 2009-07-26 2011-01-27 Cpo Technologies Corporation Translation USB Intermediate Device and Data Rate Apportionment USB Intermediate Device
US8135883B2 (en) * 2010-01-19 2012-03-13 Standard Microsystems Corporation USB hub apparatus supporting multiple high speed devices and a single super speed device
US20110208891A1 (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-08-25 Fresco Logic, Inc. Method and apparatus for tracking transactions in a multi-speed bus environment
US8549204B2 (en) * 2010-02-25 2013-10-01 Fresco Logic, Inc. Method and apparatus for scheduling transactions in a multi-speed bus environment
US8364870B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2013-01-29 Cypress Semiconductor Corporation USB port connected to multiple USB compliant devices
US8799532B2 (en) 2011-07-07 2014-08-05 Smsc Holdings S.A.R.L. High speed USB hub with full speed to high speed transaction translator
GB2506803A (en) * 2011-08-10 2014-04-09 Gita Srivastava Apparatus and method for enhancing security of data on a host computing device and a peripheral device
EP3152666A4 (en) * 2014-06-04 2018-06-27 Moduware PTY LTD Super hub system and method thereof
WO2015184993A1 (en) * 2014-06-04 2015-12-10 Nexpack Limited Battery-powered platform for interchangeable modules

Citations (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5784581A (en) * 1996-05-03 1998-07-21 Intel Corporation Apparatus and method for operating a peripheral device as either a master device or a slave device
US5815167A (en) * 1996-06-27 1998-09-29 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for providing concurrent access by a plurality of agents to a shared memory
US5890015A (en) * 1996-12-20 1999-03-30 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for implementing a wireless universal serial bus host controller by interfacing a universal serial bus hub as a universal serial bus device
US5953511A (en) * 1997-04-08 1999-09-14 National Instruments Corporation PCI bus to IEEE 1394 bus translator
US6119196A (en) * 1997-06-30 2000-09-12 Sun Microsystems, Inc. System having multiple arbitrating levels for arbitrating access to a shared memory by network ports operating at different data rates
US6141719A (en) * 1998-12-10 2000-10-31 Network Technologies, Inc. USB selector switch
US6145045A (en) * 1998-01-07 2000-11-07 National Semiconductor Corporation System for sending and receiving data on a Universal Serial Bus (USB) using a memory shared among a number of end points
US6185641B1 (en) * 1997-05-01 2001-02-06 Standard Microsystems Corp. Dynamically allocating space in RAM shared between multiple USB endpoints and USB host
US6205501B1 (en) * 1998-01-07 2001-03-20 National Semiconductor Corp. Apparatus and method for handling universal serial bus control transfers
US6279060B1 (en) * 1998-12-04 2001-08-21 In-System Design, Inc. Universal serial bus peripheral bridge simulates a device disconnect condition to a host when the device is in a not-ready condition to avoid wasting bus resources
US6292851B1 (en) * 1997-11-28 2001-09-18 Oki Electric Industry Co., Ltd. System for allowing a supervisory module to obtain alarm and status information from at least one supervised module without having to specify physical addresses
US6304995B1 (en) * 1999-01-26 2001-10-16 Trw Inc. Pipelined architecture to decode parallel and serial concatenated codes
US6308239B1 (en) * 1996-11-07 2001-10-23 Hitachi, Ltd. Interface switching apparatus and switching control method
US6324605B1 (en) * 1998-12-10 2001-11-27 Network Technologies, Inc. Computer and peripheral switch with USB
US6435904B1 (en) * 2001-06-01 2002-08-20 Fellowes, Inc. Multiple peripheral connection device for connecting multiple peripheral devices to a host device
US20020154625A1 (en) * 2001-04-20 2002-10-24 James Ma Method and apparatus for implementing low latency crossbar switches with integrated storage signals
US6480927B1 (en) * 1997-12-31 2002-11-12 Unisys Corporation High-performance modular memory system with crossbar connections
US6532512B1 (en) * 1998-08-28 2003-03-11 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Selectively coupling an upstream terminal to a USB hub circuit in accordance with a video sync signal
US20030072304A1 (en) * 2001-10-17 2003-04-17 Broadcom Corporation Point-to-multipoint network interface
US6564275B1 (en) * 1999-05-28 2003-05-13 Aten International Co., Ltd. Electronic switching device for a universal serial bus interface
US6600739B1 (en) * 1999-06-07 2003-07-29 Hughes Electronics Corporation Method and apparatus for switching among a plurality of universal serial bus host devices
US6601146B2 (en) * 1998-06-16 2003-07-29 International Business Machines Corporation Technique for efficiently transferring moderate amounts of data across address space boundary
US20030142683A1 (en) * 2002-01-25 2003-07-31 Barry Lam Method and apparatus for a flexible peripheral access router
US6671765B1 (en) * 1999-11-22 2003-12-30 Texas Instruments Incorporated Architecture enabling code overlay using a dedicated endpoint
US6678760B2 (en) * 1998-01-07 2004-01-13 National Semiconductor Corporation Apparatus and method of transmitting and receiving USB isochronous data
US20040019732A1 (en) * 2002-07-26 2004-01-29 Overtoom Eric J. Dual-role compatible USB hub device and method
US6725302B1 (en) * 1999-09-23 2004-04-20 International Business Machines Corporation Universal serial bus (USB) with wireless communication hubs
US20040088449A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-05-06 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. USB unit control method and a USB unit controller
US20040111544A1 (en) * 2002-12-09 2004-06-10 Bennett Dwayne H. Method and apparatus for driving two identical devices with a single UBS port
US20040153597A1 (en) * 2001-03-27 2004-08-05 Toshinobu Kanai Communication control semiconductor device and interface system
US6775733B2 (en) * 2001-06-04 2004-08-10 Winbond Electronics Corp. Interface for USB host controller and root hub
US20040168001A1 (en) * 2003-02-24 2004-08-26 Piotr Szabelski Universal serial bus hub with shared transaction translator memory
US20040168009A1 (en) * 2003-02-24 2004-08-26 Piotr Szabelski Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler
US6816929B2 (en) * 2000-06-21 2004-11-09 Nec Electronics Corporation Data transfer control method and controller for universal serial bus interface
US20040225808A1 (en) * 2001-03-01 2004-11-11 Ravikumar Govindaraman Transceiver macrocell architecture allowing upstream and downstream operation
US20050060636A1 (en) * 2003-09-15 2005-03-17 Zsolt Mathe Digital photo album
US6993620B2 (en) * 2003-06-13 2006-01-31 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. User resource sharing through the USB interface
US20060059293A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-03-16 Henry Wurzburg Universal serial bus switching hub
US20060056401A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-03-16 Standard Microsystems Corporation Peripheral sharing USB hub
US7024501B1 (en) * 2002-11-18 2006-04-04 Cypress Semiconductor Corp. Method and apparatus for attaching USB peripherals to host ports
US7028114B1 (en) * 1999-08-11 2006-04-11 Henry Milan Universal serial bus hub with wireless communication to remote peripheral device
US7028133B1 (en) * 1999-04-30 2006-04-11 Daniel Kelvin Jackson Method and apparatus for extending communications over USB
US20060227759A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-10-12 Bohm Mark R Peripheral Sharing USB Hub
US7275885B2 (en) * 2003-12-23 2007-10-02 Young-Chul Byun Cosmetics brush
US7281330B2 (en) * 2004-05-27 2007-10-16 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd Method of manufacturing left-handed and right-handed printhead modules
US7290852B2 (en) * 2004-05-27 2007-11-06 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd Printhead module having a dropped row
US7293129B2 (en) * 2005-04-22 2007-11-06 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Flexible routing and addressing
US7314261B2 (en) * 2004-05-27 2008-01-01 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd Printhead module for expelling ink from nozzles in groups, alternately, starting at outside nozzles of each group

Family Cites Families (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5870668A (en) * 1995-08-18 1999-02-09 Fujitsu Limited Amplifier having distortion compensation and base station for radio communication using the same
JP3769800B2 (en) * 1996-01-12 2006-04-26 株式会社Sumco Single crystal pulling apparatus
US5903777A (en) * 1997-10-02 1999-05-11 National Semiconductor Corp. Increasing the availability of the universal serial bus interconnects
JP2000242377A (en) 1999-02-24 2000-09-08 Nec Corp Display device
US6233640B1 (en) 1999-03-19 2001-05-15 In-System Design, Inc. Universal serial bus peripheral bridge with sequencer
JP3202723B2 (en) * 1999-03-25 2001-08-27 新潟日本電気株式会社 Usb unit
GB9909849D0 (en) 1999-04-28 1999-06-23 Adder Tech Ltd Usb switching device and system
JP2001043178A (en) 1999-07-30 2001-02-16 Nec Home Electronics Ltd Switching device
JP2001229119A (en) 2000-02-16 2001-08-24 Hitachi Ltd Device selection hubbox by plural computers
US6718423B2 (en) * 2000-12-29 2004-04-06 Gateway, Inc. Bus hub with a selectable number of ports
US7028124B2 (en) * 2001-09-26 2006-04-11 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for dual queue head processing of interrupt endpoints
US20030232648A1 (en) * 2002-06-14 2003-12-18 Prindle Joseph Charles Videophone and videoconferencing apparatus and method for a video game console
KR20040008365A (en) 2002-07-18 2004-01-31 삼성전자주식회사 Apparatus and method for display
US20050080638A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-04-14 Geoffrey Maseruka Product marketing system and method
KR100490068B1 (en) 2004-09-22 2005-05-09 서명석 Teaching desk with interface

Patent Citations (51)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5784581A (en) * 1996-05-03 1998-07-21 Intel Corporation Apparatus and method for operating a peripheral device as either a master device or a slave device
US5815167A (en) * 1996-06-27 1998-09-29 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for providing concurrent access by a plurality of agents to a shared memory
US6622195B2 (en) * 1996-11-07 2003-09-16 Hitachi, Ltd. Interface switching apparatus and switching control method
US6308239B1 (en) * 1996-11-07 2001-10-23 Hitachi, Ltd. Interface switching apparatus and switching control method
US5890015A (en) * 1996-12-20 1999-03-30 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for implementing a wireless universal serial bus host controller by interfacing a universal serial bus hub as a universal serial bus device
US5953511A (en) * 1997-04-08 1999-09-14 National Instruments Corporation PCI bus to IEEE 1394 bus translator
US6185641B1 (en) * 1997-05-01 2001-02-06 Standard Microsystems Corp. Dynamically allocating space in RAM shared between multiple USB endpoints and USB host
US6119196A (en) * 1997-06-30 2000-09-12 Sun Microsystems, Inc. System having multiple arbitrating levels for arbitrating access to a shared memory by network ports operating at different data rates
US6292851B1 (en) * 1997-11-28 2001-09-18 Oki Electric Industry Co., Ltd. System for allowing a supervisory module to obtain alarm and status information from at least one supervised module without having to specify physical addresses
US6480927B1 (en) * 1997-12-31 2002-11-12 Unisys Corporation High-performance modular memory system with crossbar connections
US6145045A (en) * 1998-01-07 2000-11-07 National Semiconductor Corporation System for sending and receiving data on a Universal Serial Bus (USB) using a memory shared among a number of end points
US6205501B1 (en) * 1998-01-07 2001-03-20 National Semiconductor Corp. Apparatus and method for handling universal serial bus control transfers
US6678760B2 (en) * 1998-01-07 2004-01-13 National Semiconductor Corporation Apparatus and method of transmitting and receiving USB isochronous data
US6601146B2 (en) * 1998-06-16 2003-07-29 International Business Machines Corporation Technique for efficiently transferring moderate amounts of data across address space boundary
US6532512B1 (en) * 1998-08-28 2003-03-11 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Selectively coupling an upstream terminal to a USB hub circuit in accordance with a video sync signal
US6279060B1 (en) * 1998-12-04 2001-08-21 In-System Design, Inc. Universal serial bus peripheral bridge simulates a device disconnect condition to a host when the device is in a not-ready condition to avoid wasting bus resources
US6141719A (en) * 1998-12-10 2000-10-31 Network Technologies, Inc. USB selector switch
US6324605B1 (en) * 1998-12-10 2001-11-27 Network Technologies, Inc. Computer and peripheral switch with USB
US6304995B1 (en) * 1999-01-26 2001-10-16 Trw Inc. Pipelined architecture to decode parallel and serial concatenated codes
US7028133B1 (en) * 1999-04-30 2006-04-11 Daniel Kelvin Jackson Method and apparatus for extending communications over USB
US6564275B1 (en) * 1999-05-28 2003-05-13 Aten International Co., Ltd. Electronic switching device for a universal serial bus interface
US6600739B1 (en) * 1999-06-07 2003-07-29 Hughes Electronics Corporation Method and apparatus for switching among a plurality of universal serial bus host devices
US7028114B1 (en) * 1999-08-11 2006-04-11 Henry Milan Universal serial bus hub with wireless communication to remote peripheral device
US6725302B1 (en) * 1999-09-23 2004-04-20 International Business Machines Corporation Universal serial bus (USB) with wireless communication hubs
US6671765B1 (en) * 1999-11-22 2003-12-30 Texas Instruments Incorporated Architecture enabling code overlay using a dedicated endpoint
US6816929B2 (en) * 2000-06-21 2004-11-09 Nec Electronics Corporation Data transfer control method and controller for universal serial bus interface
US20040225808A1 (en) * 2001-03-01 2004-11-11 Ravikumar Govindaraman Transceiver macrocell architecture allowing upstream and downstream operation
US20040153597A1 (en) * 2001-03-27 2004-08-05 Toshinobu Kanai Communication control semiconductor device and interface system
US20020154625A1 (en) * 2001-04-20 2002-10-24 James Ma Method and apparatus for implementing low latency crossbar switches with integrated storage signals
US6435904B1 (en) * 2001-06-01 2002-08-20 Fellowes, Inc. Multiple peripheral connection device for connecting multiple peripheral devices to a host device
US6775733B2 (en) * 2001-06-04 2004-08-10 Winbond Electronics Corp. Interface for USB host controller and root hub
US20030072304A1 (en) * 2001-10-17 2003-04-17 Broadcom Corporation Point-to-multipoint network interface
US20030142683A1 (en) * 2002-01-25 2003-07-31 Barry Lam Method and apparatus for a flexible peripheral access router
US20040019732A1 (en) * 2002-07-26 2004-01-29 Overtoom Eric J. Dual-role compatible USB hub device and method
US6732218B2 (en) * 2002-07-26 2004-05-04 Motorola, Inc. Dual-role compatible USB hub device and method
US20040088449A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-05-06 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. USB unit control method and a USB unit controller
US7024501B1 (en) * 2002-11-18 2006-04-04 Cypress Semiconductor Corp. Method and apparatus for attaching USB peripherals to host ports
US20040111544A1 (en) * 2002-12-09 2004-06-10 Bennett Dwayne H. Method and apparatus for driving two identical devices with a single UBS port
US20040168009A1 (en) * 2003-02-24 2004-08-26 Piotr Szabelski Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler
US20040168001A1 (en) * 2003-02-24 2004-08-26 Piotr Szabelski Universal serial bus hub with shared transaction translator memory
US6959355B2 (en) * 2003-02-24 2005-10-25 Standard Microsystems Corporation Universal serial bus hub with shared high speed handler
US6993620B2 (en) * 2003-06-13 2006-01-31 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. User resource sharing through the USB interface
US20050060636A1 (en) * 2003-09-15 2005-03-17 Zsolt Mathe Digital photo album
US7275885B2 (en) * 2003-12-23 2007-10-02 Young-Chul Byun Cosmetics brush
US7281330B2 (en) * 2004-05-27 2007-10-16 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd Method of manufacturing left-handed and right-handed printhead modules
US7290852B2 (en) * 2004-05-27 2007-11-06 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd Printhead module having a dropped row
US7314261B2 (en) * 2004-05-27 2008-01-01 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd Printhead module for expelling ink from nozzles in groups, alternately, starting at outside nozzles of each group
US20060227759A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-10-12 Bohm Mark R Peripheral Sharing USB Hub
US20060056401A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-03-16 Standard Microsystems Corporation Peripheral sharing USB hub
US20060059293A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-03-16 Henry Wurzburg Universal serial bus switching hub
US7293129B2 (en) * 2005-04-22 2007-11-06 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Flexible routing and addressing

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080120454A1 (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-05-22 Chi-Tung Chang Integrated hub control chip
US8386580B1 (en) * 2009-10-02 2013-02-26 Smsc Holdings S.A.R.L. Shared buffer for data communications routed through hub
WO2012040069A2 (en) * 2010-09-23 2012-03-29 Intel Corporation Root hub virtual transaction translator
US20120079145A1 (en) * 2010-09-23 2012-03-29 Chang Nai-Chih Root hub virtual transaction translator
WO2012040069A3 (en) * 2010-09-23 2012-06-07 Intel Corporation Root hub virtual transaction translator
US8539131B2 (en) * 2010-09-23 2013-09-17 Intel Corporation Root hub virtual transaction translator
US20130346650A1 (en) * 2012-06-25 2013-12-26 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Controller, electronic equipment unit, and usb device control method
US9098640B2 (en) * 2012-06-25 2015-08-04 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Controller, electronic equipment unit, and USB device control method
US20140059162A1 (en) * 2012-08-24 2014-02-27 Facebook Inc. Distributed information synchronization
US8868525B2 (en) * 2012-08-24 2014-10-21 Facebook, Inc. Distributed information synchronization
US9208189B2 (en) 2012-08-24 2015-12-08 Facebook, Inc. Distributed request processing

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20060020737A1 (en) 2006-01-26 application
US6959355B2 (en) 2005-10-25 grant
US7484018B2 (en) 2009-01-27 grant
US20040168009A1 (en) 2004-08-26 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5881248A (en) System and method for optimizing system bus bandwidth in an embedded communication system
US6574688B1 (en) Port manager controller for connecting various function modules
US7281030B1 (en) Method of reading a remote memory
US7103888B1 (en) Split model driver using a push-push messaging protocol over a channel based network
US5898891A (en) Method for transferring data directly between the first and second data storage devices without transferring data to the memory array or over the input-output bus
US5968143A (en) Information handling system for transfer of command blocks to a local processing side without local processor intervention
US5909556A (en) M&A for exchanging date, status and commands over an hierarchical serial bus assembly using communication packets
US6128669A (en) System having a bridge with distributed burst engine to decouple input/output task from a processor
US6618788B1 (en) ATA device control via a packet-based interface
US8010707B2 (en) System and method for network interfacing
US6487619B1 (en) Multiprocessor system that communicates through an internal bus using a network protocol
US5621902A (en) Computer system having a bridge between two buses with a direct memory access controller and an alternative memory access controller
US6801971B1 (en) Method and system for shared bus access
US6334162B1 (en) Efficient data transfer mechanism for input/out devices having a device driver generating a descriptor queue and monitoring a status queue
US20060004904A1 (en) Method, system, and program for managing transmit throughput for a network controller
US5745684A (en) Apparatus and method for providing a generic interface between a host system and an asynchronous transfer mode core functional block
US7610431B1 (en) Configuration space compaction
US20030043794A1 (en) Data stream multiplexing in data network
US6167476A (en) Apparatus, method and system for accelerated graphics port bus bridges
US6594712B1 (en) Inifiniband channel adapter for performing direct DMA between PCI bus and inifiniband link
US6122676A (en) Apparatus and method for transmitting and receiving data into and out of a universal serial bus device
US6434161B1 (en) UART with direct memory access buffering of data and method therefor
US7058750B1 (en) Scalable distributed memory and I/O multiprocessor system
US20100049885A1 (en) Unified multi-transport medium connector architecture
US7451456B2 (en) Network device driver architecture

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: STANDARD MICROSYSTEMS CORPORATION, NEW YORK

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SZABELSKI, PIOTR;REEL/FRAME:022014/0349

Effective date: 20030218