US20090000631A1 - Smoking articles and method for incorporating salts of lanthanide metals for reducing TPM cytotoxicity and targeted constituents in tobacco smoke - Google Patents

Smoking articles and method for incorporating salts of lanthanide metals for reducing TPM cytotoxicity and targeted constituents in tobacco smoke Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20090000631A1
US20090000631A1 US12/153,260 US15326008A US2009000631A1 US 20090000631 A1 US20090000631 A1 US 20090000631A1 US 15326008 A US15326008 A US 15326008A US 2009000631 A1 US2009000631 A1 US 2009000631A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
salt
smoking article
method
tobacco material
lanthanide metal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/153,260
Inventor
Lixin Xue
W. Geoffrey Chan
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Philip Morris USA Inc
Original Assignee
Philip Morris USA Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US92479607P priority Critical
Application filed by Philip Morris USA Inc filed Critical Philip Morris USA Inc
Priority to US12/153,260 priority patent/US20090000631A1/en
Assigned to PHILIP MORRIS USA INC. reassignment PHILIP MORRIS USA INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: CHAN, W. GEOFFREY, XUE, LIXIN
Publication of US20090000631A1 publication Critical patent/US20090000631A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/18Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/28Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by chemical substances
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/18Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/28Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by chemical substances
    • A24B15/287Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by chemical substances by inorganic substances only
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/18Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/28Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by chemical substances
    • A24B15/42Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by chemical substances by organic and inorganic substances

Abstract

Provided is a smoking article and method for reducing TPM cytotoxicity and targeted constituents in mainstream smoke. The smoking article includes tobacco material including a salt of a lanthanide metal. The method includes combining a salt of a lanthanide metal, water, and optionally glycerin to produce a solution that is applied to tobacco material. Preferably, the salt is an acetate, a sulfate, or a gluconate.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application claims priority under 35 U.S.C. § 119(e) to U.S. provisional Application No. 60/924,796, filed May 31, 2007, the entire content of which is incorporated herein by reference.
  • BACKGROUND
  • Smoking articles, such as cigarettes, produce both mainstream smoke during a puff and side stream smoke during static burning. Compounds, such as hydroquinone, resorcinol, naphthalene, and catechol are found in the particulate phase of mainstream smoke. Such tobacco smoke constituents have been targeted for reduction.
  • SUMMARY
  • Provided is a smoking article including tobacco material that is treated with a salt of lanthanide metal and optionally glycerin and a method for reducing TPM cytotoxicity and targeted constituents in tobacco smoke by treating tobacco material with the salts of a lanthanide metal. Preferably, the salts are acetates, sulfates, or gluconates.
  • Preferably, the method includes selecting a salt of a lanthanide metal and dissolving the salt in water to form a solution. In an embodiment, the tobacco material is weighed and placed in a tumbling device. Preferably, the solution is added drop wise to or sprayed onto the tobacco material, while the tobacco material is tumbled so that the solution is applied throughout the tobacco material.
  • In an embodiment, the solution is sprayed onto the tobacco material while in the tumbling device.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the tobacco material is dried to evaporate the water, and then incorporated into a smoking article.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the solution also includes glycerin. Preferably, the glycerin enhances the reductions in cytotoxicity, mutagenicity and reduces the relative amount of targeted constituents of mainstream smoke when compared to the use of the salt of a lanthanide metal alone. While glycerin alone can also reduce cytotoxicity and mutagenicity, the combination of glycerin and the salt of the lanthanide metal is also enhanced when compared to use of glycerin alone.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is an illustration of an embodiment of a smoking article with reduced cytotoxicity and mutagenicity.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • As described herein and shown in FIG. 1, a smoking article 10 with reduced TPM toxicity and targeted constituents is provided.
  • Preferably, the smoking article 10 contains tobacco material 12 contacted with a salt of a lanthanide metal 14 that aids in reducing the content of compounds, such as hydroquinone, resorcinol, naphthalene, and catechol, in the particulate phase of mainstream smoke. Preferably, the cytotoxicity and mutagenicity is also reduced by the inclusion of the salt of a lanthanide metal 14.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the salt 14 is an acetate, a sulfate, or a gluconate. Most preferably, the salt 14 is an acetate salt of a lanthanide metal.
  • The term “smoking article” includes cigarettes, pipes, cigars, and cigarillos. Non-traditional cigarettes such as cigarettes for electrical smoking systems are also included in the definition of smoking articles or cigarettes generally.
  • Preferably, the smoking article 10 is a cigarette, which contains tobacco material 12. In a preferred embodiment, the cigarette includes a filter. In an embodiment, the cigarette may also contain at least one sorbent.
  • A traditional cigarette typically contains two sections, a tobacco-containing portion sometimes referred to as the tobacco or cigarette rod, and a filter portion which may be referred to as a filtration zone. Tipping paper typically surrounds the filter, which forms the buccal end of the cigarette. The tipping paper overlaps with the tobacco rod in order to hold the filter and tobacco rod together. The tobacco rod, or tobacco containing element of the cigarette includes the paper wrapper in which the tobacco is wrapped and the adhesive holding the seams of the paper wrapper together. The tobacco rod has a first end which is integrally attached to the filter and a second end which is lit or heated for smoking the tobacco. When the tobacco rod is lit or heated for smoking, the smoke travels from the lit end downstream to the filter end of the tobacco rod and further downstream through the filter.
  • The “upstream” and “downstream” relative positions between filter segments and other features are described in relation to the direction of mainstream smoke as it is drawn from a tobacco rod and though a multi-component filter during a puff.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the filter of the smoking article includes a sorbent. A “sorbent” is a substance that can condense or hold molecules of other substances on its surface, and/or can take up other substances, i.e., through penetration of the other substances into its inner structure, or into its pores. Accordingly, the term “sorbent” as used herein refers to either an adsorbent, an absorbent, or a substance that can function as both an adsorbent and an absorbent. Preferred sorbents include various forms of activated carbon, molecular sieves, such as zeolites, and mixtures thereof.
  • Examples of suitable types of tobacco materials that may be used include, but are not limited to, flue-cured tobacco, Burley tobacco, Maryland tobacco, Oriental tobacco, rare tobacco, specialty tobacco, blends thereof and the like. The tobacco material may be provided in any suitable form, including, but not limited to, tobacco lamina, processed tobacco materials, such as volume expanded or puffed tobacco, processed tobacco stems, such as cut-rolled or cut-puffed stems, reconstituted tobacco materials, blends thereof, and the like. Tobacco substitutes may also be used.
  • Humectants, flavorants, and sweeteners may also be blended with the tobacco material.
  • Suitable humectants that can be used with the tobacco material include, without limitation, glycerol, glycerin, triethylene glycol and propylene glycol.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the tobacco material 12 is treated with a solution including a salt of a lanthanide metal 14. Preferably, the lanthanide metal is lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, or lutetium.
  • Also provided is a method for treating tobacco materials with a solution including a salt of a lanthanide metal. The method includes forming a solution of water and the salt of a lanthanide metal. Water is used to dissolve the salt of a lanthanide metal, and is therefore only needed in an amount suitable to dissolve the salt.
  • The salt of the lanthanide metal is added to the tobacco material in an amount of about from 0.25% to about 25% by weight of the salt of a lanthanide metal. More preferably, the salt of a lanthanide metal is added to the tobacco material in an amount of about 0.1% to about 10% by weight of the lanthanide metal.
  • In an embodiment, glycerin 16 is added to the tobacco material 12 in an amount of about 2% to about 25% by weight of the tobacco. More preferably, glycerin 16 is added to the tobacco material 12 in an amount of about 5% to about 15% by weight of the tobacco material 12. This portion of glycerin 16 is in addition to the use, if any, of glycerin 16 as a humectant.
  • If too much glycerin 16 is added, the wrapping paper 20 of the smoking article 10 may become too moist.
  • Preferably, the glycerin 16 enhances the reduction of cytotoxicity and mutagenicity when used in conjunction with the salt of a lanthanide metal 14. As shown in Tables 1 and 2 below, neither glycerin 16 nor the salt of the lanthanide metal 14 reduces the cytotoxicity or mutagenicity as much as the combination of glycerin 16 and the salt 14, though both glycerin 16 and the salt 14 can be independently effective in reducing cytotoxicity and mutagenicity.
  • In an embodiment, after the solution is formed, the tobacco material 12 is placed in a tumbling device and drops of the solution are added through a nozzle as the tobacco tumbles so that the solution is spread throughout the tobacco material. In another embodiment, the solution is sprayed onto the tobacco material while in the tumbling device.
  • The tobacco material is then dried to evaporate the water, and processed for inclusion in a smoking article.
  • EXAMPLE 1
  • About 3.2 g of solid La(OAc)3.xH2O is dissolved in about 20 g of deionized water in a vial. About 40 g of tobacco material is placed in a tumbling device. The solution is sprayed through a nozzle onto the tobacco material as the tobacco material is tumbled. The treated tobacco is dried to evaporate the water and equilibrated in a conditioned room.
  • Table 1, below, shows the results of FTC tests of the tobacco treated with acetate salts of a lanthanide metal incorporated into a smoking article and smoked. Under FTC conditions, the 3rd and 4th puffs of the mainstream TPM are collected. The relative phenolic and PAH contents are obtained by GC/MS methods. The TPM cytotoxicity data is obtained using the Neutral Red Uptake, while mutagenicity data is obtained using Ames assays.
  • TABLE 1
    8%
    La(OAc)3•xH2O 7.4% 8% 8.2%
    Compounds (x ≦ 2) Ce(OAc)3•H2O Eu(OAc)3•H2O Lu(OAc)3•H2O
    catechol −41% −54% −48% −33%
    HQ −60% −23% −39% −49%
    resorcinol −56% −33% −39%
    Naphthalene −51% −47% −54% −33%
    Cytotoxicity −25%
    Mutagenicity −46% −21%
    *— No significant change (absolute change <20%)
  • In all cases, the cytotoxicity is reduced. The mutagenicity of the mainstream smoke is only reduced when the tobacco was treated with 8% La(OAc)3.xH2O, 8% Eu(OAc)3.H2O, or 8.2% Lu(OAc)3.H2O.
  • EXAMPLE 2
  • About 4.0 g of glycerin is dissolved in about 20 g of deionized water. About 3.2 g of solid La(OAc)3.xH2O is added to form a solution. About 40 g of tobacco material is placed in a tumbling device. The solution is sprayed into the tumbling device through a spraying nozzle as the tobacco material is tumbled. The treated tobacco is dried and equilibrated in a conditioned room.
  • Table 2 shows the results of an FTC test of the tobacco material treated with glycerin and the salt of a lanthanide metal is incorporated into a smoking article and smoked. Under FTC conditions, the 3rd and 4th puffs of the mainstream TPM are collected. The relative phenolic and PAH contents are obtained by GC/MS methods. The TPM cytotoxicity and mutagenicity data are obtained using Neutral Red Uptake and Ames assays, respectively.
  • TABLE 2
    8% 7.4% 7.7% 8.2%
    La(OAc)3•xH2O Ce(OAc)3•H2O Eu(OAc)3•H2O Lu(OAc)3•H2O 10%
    Compounds 10% glycerin 10% glycerin 10% glycerin 10% glycerin glycerin
    phenol −74% −65% −73% −74% −69%
    o−cresol −58% −53% −62% −63% −66%
    m/p−cresol −66% −52% −61% −62% −63%
    catechol −45% −39% −40% −37% −41%
    HQ −56% −48% −50% −62% −27%
    resorcinol −53% −80% −71% −65%
    Naphthalene −61% −29% −51% −63%
    Fluorene −31% −21% −21% −41%
    Phenantrene −37% −26%
    Cytotoxicity −40% −36% −47% −44% −22%
    Mutagenicity −40% −41% −56% −45%
    *—: No significant change (absolute change <20%)
  • As seen in Table 2, the cytotoxicity and mutagenicity for all samples treated with glycerin and a salt of a lanthanide metal is greatly reduced compared to tobacco treated with glycerin alone.
  • As compared to Table 1, the addition of glycerin to the solution improves the smoke chemistry of the cigarettes, resulting in enhanced reduction in TPM cytotoxicity and mutagenicity, as compared to the cigarettes containing tobacco treated with only an acetate salt of a lanthanide metal.
  • Test results indicate that the combination of glycerin and a salt of a lanthanide metal is most effective for reducing cytotoxicity and mutagenicity, whereas the salt or glycerin alone shows only minor reductions.
  • While the foregoing has been described in detail with reference to specific embodiments thereof, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made, and equivalents thereof employed, without departing from the scope of the claims.

Claims (20)

1. A smoking article comprising:
a portion of tobacco material including a salt of a lanthanide metal wherein said salt is an acetate, a sulfate, or a gluconate.
2. The smoking article of claim 1, wherein said portion of tobacco material further includes glycerin.
3. The smoking article of claim 2, wherein glycerin is included in said smoking article in an amount of about 2% to about 25%.
4. The smoking article of claim 2, wherein glycerin is included in said smoking article in an amount of about 5% to about 15%.
5. The smoking article of claim 1, wherein said acetate salt of a lanthanide is selected from the group consisting of La(OAc)3.xH2O, Ce(OAc)3.H2O, Eu(OAc)3.H2O, Lu(OAc)3.H2O, and combinations thereof.
6. The smoking article of claim 1, wherein said smoking article includes said salt of a lanthanide metal in an amount of about 0.25% to about 25% by weight of the salt of a lanthanide metal.
7. The smoking article of claim 1, further including (a) humectants; (b) sweeteners; and/or (c) flavorants.
8. A method of treating tobacco smoke produced by the smoking article of claim 1, wherein the salt of the lanthanide reduces cytotoxicity of the tobacco smoke by about 1% to about 60%.
9. A method of treating tobacco smoke produced by the smoking article of claim 2, wherein salt of the lanthanide and glycerin reduces the cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of tobacco smoke produced by said smoking article by about 20% to about 70%.
10. A method of treating tobacco smoke produced by the smoking article of claim 1, wherein the salt of the lanthanide reduces the mutagenicity of said mainstream smoke by about 1% to about 50%.
11. A method of treating tobacco smoke produced by the smoking article of claim 1, wherein the salt of the lanthanide metal reduces the presence of catechol, hydroquinone, resorcinol, and naphthalene by about 1% to about 80%.
12. A method of making a smoking article for reducing TPM cytotoxicity and mutagenicity in smoke comprising:
contacting a portion of tobacco material with a solution containing a salt of a lanthanide metal to form a treated portion of tobacco material; and
incorporating said treated portion of tobacco material into a smoking article,
wherein said salt of a lanthanide metal is an acetate, a sulfate, or a gluconate.
13. The method of claim 12, wherein said solution further includes glycerin.
14. The method of claim 13, wherein said glycerin is included in said solution in an amount of about 2% to about 25%.
15. The method of claim 13, wherein said glycerin is included in said solution in an amount of about 5% to about 15%.
16. The method of claim 12, further including drying said treated portion of tobacco material.
17. The method of claim 12, wherein said salt of a lanthanide metal is sprayed onto said portion of tobacco material, added drop wise to said portion of tobacco material, and/or said portion of tobacco material is placed in a tumbling device prior to contacting said portion of tobacco material with said solution.
18. The method of claim 12, wherein said treated portion of tobacco material includes said salt of a lanthanide metal in an amount of about 0.25% to about 25% by weight of said salt of a lanthanide metal.
19. The method claim 13, wherein (i) when said portion of tobacco material is treated with said solution containing glycerin and a salt of a lanthanide metal, the cytotoxicity and mutagenicity is reduced by about 20% to about 70%, (ii) said smoking article produces a mainstream smoke having a cytotoxicity that is reduced by about 1% to about 60% when said tobacco material is treated with said solution including a salt of a lanthanide metal, (iii) the mutagenicity of said mainstream smoke is reduced by about 1% to about 50% when said tobacco material is treated with a salt of a lanthanide metal, and/or (iv) said mainstream smoke has a reduced presence of catechol, hydroquinone, resorcinol, and naphthalene by about 1% to about 80%.
20. The method of claim 12, wherein said lanthanide metal is selected from the group consisting of lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, lutetium, and combinations thereof.
US12/153,260 2007-05-31 2008-05-15 Smoking articles and method for incorporating salts of lanthanide metals for reducing TPM cytotoxicity and targeted constituents in tobacco smoke Abandoned US20090000631A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US92479607P true 2007-05-31 2007-05-31
US12/153,260 US20090000631A1 (en) 2007-05-31 2008-05-15 Smoking articles and method for incorporating salts of lanthanide metals for reducing TPM cytotoxicity and targeted constituents in tobacco smoke

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/153,260 US20090000631A1 (en) 2007-05-31 2008-05-15 Smoking articles and method for incorporating salts of lanthanide metals for reducing TPM cytotoxicity and targeted constituents in tobacco smoke

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20090000631A1 true US20090000631A1 (en) 2009-01-01

Family

ID=40075608

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12/153,260 Abandoned US20090000631A1 (en) 2007-05-31 2008-05-15 Smoking articles and method for incorporating salts of lanthanide metals for reducing TPM cytotoxicity and targeted constituents in tobacco smoke

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US20090000631A1 (en)
AR (1) AR066791A1 (en)
TW (1) TW200904344A (en)
WO (1) WO2008146173A2 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW201032738A (en) * 2009-01-23 2010-09-16 Japan Tobacco Inc Cigarette

Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3039475A (en) * 1958-04-11 1962-06-19 Sasmoco Sa Tobacco process, and product
US3474792A (en) * 1966-08-05 1969-10-28 Eastman Kodak Co Treatment of smoking tobacco with chlorate salts
US4055191A (en) * 1974-04-05 1977-10-25 Liggett & Myers Incorporated Tobacco composition
US4216784A (en) * 1977-10-03 1980-08-12 Liggett Group Inc. Tobacco composition
US4236533A (en) * 1979-04-13 1980-12-02 Tkr Tabak Forschnugs-Gmbh & Co. Novel cigarette process and product produced therefrom
US4248251A (en) * 1979-02-21 1981-02-03 Liggett Group Inc. Tobacco composition
US5132264A (en) * 1991-07-01 1992-07-21 Heiko Mauermann Concentrated water soluble organic lanthanide salts
US20030114298A1 (en) * 2001-09-14 2003-06-19 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. Process for making metal oxide-coated microporous materials
US6789548B2 (en) * 2000-11-10 2004-09-14 Vector Tobacco Ltd. Method of making a smoking composition
US6799578B2 (en) * 2000-09-18 2004-10-05 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. Low sidestream smoke cigarette with combustible paper
US20050058718A1 (en) * 2003-09-17 2005-03-17 Dehou Fei Preparations for cigarette toxicity reduction, health enhancement, and addiction elimination
US20050121045A1 (en) * 2003-09-15 2005-06-09 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges, Inc. Treatment of mainstream smoke constituents by use of oxygen storage and donor metal oxide oxidation catalyst
US20060225753A1 (en) * 2005-02-22 2006-10-12 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges, Inc. Tobacco smoke filter and tobacco blend for altering mainstream smoke
US20060283469A1 (en) * 2005-06-01 2006-12-21 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Tobacco with an increased level of natural tar diluents

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE640193C (en) * 1933-03-24 1936-12-24 Karl Klein Dr Ing Process for reducing the Nicotingehalts in tobacco smoke
US20060086367A1 (en) * 2004-10-25 2006-04-27 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Additives for tobacco cut filler

Patent Citations (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3039475A (en) * 1958-04-11 1962-06-19 Sasmoco Sa Tobacco process, and product
US3474792A (en) * 1966-08-05 1969-10-28 Eastman Kodak Co Treatment of smoking tobacco with chlorate salts
US4055191A (en) * 1974-04-05 1977-10-25 Liggett & Myers Incorporated Tobacco composition
US4216784A (en) * 1977-10-03 1980-08-12 Liggett Group Inc. Tobacco composition
US4248251A (en) * 1979-02-21 1981-02-03 Liggett Group Inc. Tobacco composition
US4236533A (en) * 1979-04-13 1980-12-02 Tkr Tabak Forschnugs-Gmbh & Co. Novel cigarette process and product produced therefrom
US5132264A (en) * 1991-07-01 1992-07-21 Heiko Mauermann Concentrated water soluble organic lanthanide salts
US6904918B2 (en) * 2000-09-18 2005-06-14 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. Low sidestream smoke cigarette with non-combustible treatment material
US6810884B2 (en) * 2000-09-18 2004-11-02 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. Low sidestream smoke cigarette with non-combustible treatment material
US6799578B2 (en) * 2000-09-18 2004-10-05 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. Low sidestream smoke cigarette with combustible paper
US6789548B2 (en) * 2000-11-10 2004-09-14 Vector Tobacco Ltd. Method of making a smoking composition
US6959712B2 (en) * 2000-11-10 2005-11-01 Vector Tobacco Ltd. Method of making a smoking composition
US20060037621A1 (en) * 2000-11-10 2006-02-23 Bereman Robert D Method of making a smoking composition
US20030114298A1 (en) * 2001-09-14 2003-06-19 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. Process for making metal oxide-coated microporous materials
US20050121045A1 (en) * 2003-09-15 2005-06-09 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges, Inc. Treatment of mainstream smoke constituents by use of oxygen storage and donor metal oxide oxidation catalyst
US20050058718A1 (en) * 2003-09-17 2005-03-17 Dehou Fei Preparations for cigarette toxicity reduction, health enhancement, and addiction elimination
US20060225753A1 (en) * 2005-02-22 2006-10-12 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges, Inc. Tobacco smoke filter and tobacco blend for altering mainstream smoke
US20060283469A1 (en) * 2005-06-01 2006-12-21 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Tobacco with an increased level of natural tar diluents

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
TW200904344A (en) 2009-02-01
WO2008146173A2 (en) 2008-12-04
WO2008146173A8 (en) 2009-02-26
AR066791A1 (en) 2009-09-09
WO2008146173A3 (en) 2009-08-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Adams et al. Toxic and carcinogenic agents in undiluted mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke of different types of cigarettes
DK1377184T4 (en) Cigarette and filter downstream aroma addition.
EP1958523B1 (en) Multi-component filter providing multiple flavour enhancement
AU2005300254B2 (en) Electrically heated cigarette including controlled-release flavoring
US6298858B1 (en) Tobacco flavoring components of enhanced aromatic content and method of providing same
US9078470B2 (en) Menthol cigarette
US8353302B2 (en) Smoking articles with restrictor and aerosol former
AU2005315243B2 (en) Cigarette with carbon on tow filter
US4123592A (en) Process for incorporating flavorant into cellulosic substrates and products produced thereby
US8864909B2 (en) Gamma cyclodextrin flavoring-release additives
EP2494877B2 (en) Multi-component filter for a smoking article
JP5415409B2 (en) Smoking article having a controlled flavor release
JP3966856B2 (en) Activated charcoal filter to reduce the p- benzosemiquinone from mainstream cigarette smoke
US8286642B2 (en) Temperature sensitive powder for enhanced flavor delivery in smoking articles
US7757699B2 (en) Cigarette with smoke constituent attenuator
KR20070035613A (en) Modified reconstituted tobacco sheet
US9386801B2 (en) Coated impregnated porous filter plug
US6863074B2 (en) Cigarette filters comprising unfunctionalized porous polyaromatic resins for removing gas phase constituents from mainstream tobacco smoke
JP6238328B2 (en) Hydrophobic plug wrap
US5246017A (en) Cigarette and cigarette filter element therefor
US5409021A (en) Cigarette filter
JP3193740U (en) Filters for smoking articles
CN100449057C (en) Composite modifying formed paper for filter-tip of cigarette and preparation method thereof
US7677253B2 (en) Method of manufacturing regenerated tobacco material
LT2006028A (en) Smoking article and smoking article filter

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: PHILIP MORRIS USA INC., VIRGINIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:XUE, LIXIN;CHAN, W. GEOFFREY;REEL/FRAME:021504/0496;SIGNING DATES FROM 20080619 TO 20080822

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION