US20080312687A1 - Surgical fastener - Google Patents

Surgical fastener Download PDF

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Publication number
US20080312687A1
US20080312687A1 US12/137,702 US13770208A US2008312687A1 US 20080312687 A1 US20080312687 A1 US 20080312687A1 US 13770208 A US13770208 A US 13770208A US 2008312687 A1 US2008312687 A1 US 2008312687A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
backspan
fastener
contact
contact pad
fasteners
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Abandoned
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US12/137,702
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Kenneth M. Blier
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Covidien LP
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Covidien LP
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Priority to US93425407P priority Critical
Application filed by Covidien LP filed Critical Covidien LP
Priority to US12/137,702 priority patent/US20080312687A1/en
Assigned to TYCO HEALTHCARE GROUP LP reassignment TYCO HEALTHCARE GROUP LP ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BLIER, KENNETH M.
Publication of US20080312687A1 publication Critical patent/US20080312687A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/068Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/064Surgical staples, i.e. penetrating the tissue
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/064Surgical staples, i.e. penetrating the tissue
    • A61B17/0644Surgical staples, i.e. penetrating the tissue penetrating the tissue, deformable to closed position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/068Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps
    • A61B17/0682Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps for applying U-shaped staples or clamps, e.g. without a forming anvil
    • A61B17/0686Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps for applying U-shaped staples or clamps, e.g. without a forming anvil having a forming anvil staying below the tissue during stapling
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/068Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps
    • A61B17/072Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps for applying a row of staples in a single action, e.g. the staples being applied simultaneously
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00017Electrical control of surgical instruments
    • A61B2017/00022Sensing or detecting at the treatment site
    • A61B2017/00026Conductivity or impedance, e.g. of tissue
    • A61B2017/0003Conductivity or impedance, e.g. of tissue of parts of the instruments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00017Electrical control of surgical instruments
    • A61B2017/00115Electrical control of surgical instruments with audible or visual output
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00831Material properties
    • A61B2017/00929Material properties isolating electrical current
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/068Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps
    • A61B17/072Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps for applying a row of staples in a single action, e.g. the staples being applied simultaneously
    • A61B2017/07214Stapler heads
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/08Accessories or related features not otherwise provided for
    • A61B2090/0803Counting the number of times an instrument is used
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/08Accessories or related features not otherwise provided for
    • A61B2090/0807Indication means
    • A61B2090/0811Indication means for the position of a particular part of an instrument with respect to the rest of the instrument, e.g. position of the anvil of a stapling instrument

Abstract

A surgical fastener having a backspan, a pair of legs depending from the backspan, and a contact pad on the backspan. At least one of the pair of legs is configured to contact the contact pad to provide an indication of formation thereof.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
  • The present application claims the benefit of and priority to U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/934,254, filed on Jun. 12, 2007, the entire contents of which is incorporated herein by reference.
  • BACKGROUND
  • 1. Technical Field
  • The present disclosure relates to surgical instruments and, more particularly, to biomechanical fasteners for use with mechanical surgical instruments, electro-mechanical surgical instruments and energy-based surgical instruments and systems.
  • 2. Background of Related Art
  • Surgical instruments used in open and minimally invasive surgery are limited in their ability to sense and/or control conditions and/or parameters and factors critical to effective operation. For example, conventional surgical instruments cannot measurably detect the amount or degree of formation of the fastener(s) deployed therefrom in order to ascertain whether said fastener(s) are under-formed, over-formed or properly formed.
  • Proper formation of the fasteners is an important factor in tissue stapling. For example, if the fasteners are under-formed, the tissue secured thereby may not be compressed sufficiently in order to heal efficiently and properly. If the fasteners are over-formed, the tissue secured thereby may be over compressed and result in inefficient healing of the same.
  • Additionally, the determination of proper fastener formation is dependent upon the particular characteristics of the tissue being fastened. For example, if relatively thinner tissue or relatively highly vascular tissue is being fastened, then it may be desirable for the fasteners to be formed by a relatively greater degree. Likewise, if relatively thicker tissue or relatively less vascular tissue is being fastened, then it may be desirable for the fasteners to be formed by a relatively lesser degree.
  • Accordingly, it would be advantageous to provide surgical instruments and/or systems that employ biomechanical fasteners and the like which provide an indication of proper fastener formation for particular surgical procedures and/or for particular tissues which are to be fastened.
  • SUMMARY
  • According to an aspect of the present disclosure, a surgical instrument for operating on tissue is provided. The surgical instrument includes an indicating circuit which is preferably activated upon the proper formation of the surgical staples fired therefrom.
  • According to an aspect of the present disclosure, a surgical fastener is provided and includes a backspan defining an upper surface, a lower surface and a pair of side surfaces; at least a pair of legs on the backspan; and a contact pad. At least one of the pair of legs is configured to contact the contact pad to provide an indication of formation thereof.
  • In one embodiment, the contact pad extends from the lower surface to the upper surface of the backspan, preferably by extending along a side surface. In another embodiment, the contact pad extends through the backspan so as to be exposed at the upper surface and the lower surface of the backspan The fastener may further include a pair of contact pads supported on the backspan wherein each contact pad may be operatively associated with a respective leg such that in use, the legs may contact a respective contact pad upon formation thereof.
  • The at least one leg and the respective contact pad may be fabricated from an electrically conductive material.
  • In one embodiment, at least a portion of the backspan is non-conductive. A layer of non-conductive material in one embodiment is interposed between the backspan and the contact pad(s).
  • It is contemplated that each contact pad may be electrically isolated from one another.
  • According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a biomechanical fastener is provided and includes a backspan defining an upper surface and a lower surface, the backspan defining at least one aperture therein that extends completely from the upper surface through the lower surface; and at least a pair of legs depending from the backspan, wherein a free end of each leg extends through the at least one aperture formed in the backspan upon a formation of the fastener.
  • In another aspect of the present disclosure, a surgical fastener is provided comprising first and second fastener legs extending from a backspan and the backspan has an electrical contact surface, wherein contact of at least one of the fastener legs with the electrical contact surface completes a circuit to provide an indication of staple formation. In one embodiment, completion of the circuit provides an indication of proper formation of the fastener. In another embodiment, completion of the circuit provides an indication of improper formation of the fastener.
  • According to yet another aspect of the present disclosure, an electrosurgical system is provided and includes a fastening device including a cartridge and an anvil, wherein the anvil is in juxtaposed relation relative to the cartridge and the cartridge and the anvil have a spaced apart position and an approximated position. The cartridge has a plurality of fasteners therein and the anvil is configured to form the plurality of fasteners upon advancement of the fasteners from the cartridge. At least one of the fasteners includes a backspan, a pair of legs depending from the backspan, and at least one contact pad on the backspan, wherein at least one of the pair of legs is configured to contact the at least one contact pad upon a formation thereof. The electrosurgical system further includes an indicating circuit associated with the plurality of fasteners, the indicating circuit including an electrical conduit in electrical contact with a first contact pad of each fastener and an electrical conduit in electrical contact with a second contact pad of each fastener.
  • Upon formation of the fasteners, the legs are formed to either contact a respective contact pad or not contact a respective contact pad, wherein in one embodiment when the respective legs of each fastener properly contact the contact pad a circuit loop of the indicating circuit is established, and when the respective legs of each fastener do not properly contact the contact pads the circuit loop of the indicating circuit is not established.
  • The circuit loop may be established when the electrical conduit associated with the first contact pad and the electrical conduit associated with the second contact pad are electrically connected to one another when the legs of the fastener properly contact the respective first and second contact pads.
  • The indicating circuit may include an energy source and an indicator, wherein the indicator activates upon one of a proper formation of the fasteners and an improper formation of the fasteners. The indicator may activate upon a proper formation of a predetermined number of proper formations of the fasteners.
  • In one embodiment, at least a portion of the backspan of each fastener may be non-conductive.
  • Each contact pad of each fastener may be electrically isolated from the backspan.
  • In one embodiment, at least one contact pad of each fastener extends from the lower surface to the upper surface of the backspan along at least one side surface of the backspan. In another embodiment, at least one contact pad of each fastener may extend through the backspan so as to be exposed at the upper surface and the lower surface of the backspan.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the present disclosure and, together with the detailed description of the embodiments given below, serve to explain the principles of the disclosure.
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a surgical instrument according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;
  • FIG. 2 is an enlarged exploded perspective view, with parts separated, of a staple cartridge assembly for the surgical instrument of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3A is an enlarged schematic illustration of a fastener according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, for use with the surgical instrument of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3B is an enlarged perspective view of an alternate embodiment of the fastener;
  • FIG. 3C is an enlarged perspective view of another alternate embodiment of the fastener;
  • FIG. 3D is an enlarged perspective view of another alternate embodiment of the fastener;
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic illustration of a pusher according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, for use with the surgical instrument of FIG. 1, the pusher shown in an advanced position with respect to the plungers;
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the fastener and pusher of FIGS. 3A and 4, respectively, showing the fastener properly formed to complete the circuit;
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the fastener and pusher of FIGS. 3C and 4, respectively, showing the fastener properly formed to complete the circuit;
  • FIG. 7 is a top perspective view of a connector pad assembly, according to another embodiment of the present disclosure, illustrated supported on a surgical staple (shown in phantom);
  • FIG. 8 is a right-side perspective view of the connector pad assembly of FIG. 7; and
  • FIG. 9 is a schematic view of an alternate embodiment of a staple pusher.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS
  • Preferred embodiments of the presently disclosed surgical instruments and systems will now be described in detail with reference to the drawing figures wherein like reference numerals identify similar or identical elements. As used herein and as is traditional, the term “distal” will refer to that portion which is further from the user while the term “proximal” will refer to that portion which is closer to the user.
  • A surgical instrument in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure is shown generally as 10 in FIG. 1. Surgical instrument 10 includes a body 12 defining a stationary handle 14, a pivotable trigger 16, an elongated body portion 18, and an end effector including a first member or cartridge assembly 20 and a second member or anvil assembly 22. A thumb button 24 is slidably positioned on each side of body 12. Thumb buttons 24 are movable to manually advance an alignment pin assembly (not shown). A release button 150 is positioned on the proximal end of body 12 and is depressible to allow cartridge assembly 20 to return from an approximated position disposed adjacent to anvil assembly 22 to an unapproximated position spaced from anvil assembly 22 (as shown).
  • As seen in FIG. 2, cartridge assembly 20 includes a cartridge 50 having an array of fastener receiving slots 52 formed therein, and a fastener pusher assembly 54 operatively associated with cartridge 50 and including a plurality of pusher members 58. Each pusher member 58 is configured to be slidably received within a respective fastener receiving slot 52. A respective pusher member 58 is positioned behind each fastener 56 in slots 52 such that, in operation, advancement of pusher member 58 effects ejection of fasteners 56 from slots 52. As used herein, fasteners are understood to include and are not limited to, surgical staples, surgical clips, two-part surgical fasteners, surgical tacks, and the like.
  • Reference may be made to U.S. Pat. No. 6,817,508, the entire contents of which is incorporated herein by reference, for a more detailed discussion of the structure and operation of surgical instrument 10.
  • While a surgical instrument for performing a transverse anastomosis surgical procedure has been shown and described, the present disclosure is not limited to such a surgical instrument. It is contemplated that other surgical instruments may employ the features and concepts of the present disclosure, including and not limited to, open gastro-intestinal surgical instruments, endoscopic gastro-intestinal surgical instruments, and/or end-to-end anastomosis surgical instruments.
  • As seen in FIG. 3A, a fastener or staple, in accordance with a first embodiment of the present disclosure, is designated as 56. Staple 56 includes a backspan or crown 60 and a pair of legs 62 depending from opposed ends of backspan 60. Legs 62 are spaced apart from one another and have an initial, un-formed condition. Preferably, in this un-formed condition, legs 62 are substantially parallel to one another and substantially orthogonal to backspan 60. Although two legs are shown as is typical, a fastener having a different number of legs or different fastener leg configuration is also contemplated.
  • Staple 56 includes at least one, and preferably a pair of contact pads 64 a, 64 b, spaced apart and supported on backspan 60. Each contact pad 64 a, 64 b wraps around a side surface of backspan 60. In particular, each contact pad 64 a, 64 b extends from an upper surface of backspan 60, around a side of backspan 60, to a lower surface of backspan 60. Each contact pad 64 a, 64 b is fabricated from an electrically conductive, biologically compatible material, such as, for example, stainless steel, titanium or the like. Contact pads 64 a, 64 b, when positioned on a backspan composed of conductive material may be electrically isolated or insulated from backspan 60 by, for example, a suitable electrically insulative and biologically compatible material or layer 63 which as shown in phantom in FIG. 3A, surrounds the contact pads 64 a, 64 b.
  • In one embodiment, backspan 60 may have a substantially flattened profile. In this embodiment, it is envisioned that a plane defined by the flattened backspan is substantially orthogonal to a plane defined by the pair of legs 62.
  • In an embodiment, backspan 60 is fabricated from a non-conductive or insulative material and legs 62 and contact pads 64 a, 64 b are fabricated from an electrically conductive material and biologically compatible material, such as, for example, stainless steel, titanium or the like. Thus, contact pads 64 a, 64 b are electrically isolated from one another due to the non-conductive material of the backspan.
  • In the embodiment of FIG. 3B, staple 256 is identical to staple 56 except for the configuration of the contact pads 264 a, 264 b which have a substantially rectangular shape with substantially straight edges wrapping around a side surface of the backspan 260, rather than the substantially circular shape of the contact pads of FIG. 3A on the top surface of the backspan 60.
  • In the alternate embodiment of FIG. 3C, staple 356 has a backspan 360 with a through hole 361. The staple legs, when formed, will extend through the hole 361 to contact conductive pads on the staple pusher. Alternatively, a cap can be provided in the hole as shown in FIG. 3D to fill the hole. Cap 463 is seated within the hole of backspan 462 of staple 456. The cap 463 forms an electrical contact pad, or includes an electrical contact pad supported thereon, that is pushed up by the formed staple legs (of conductive material) to make electrical contact with the pusher contacts.
  • As seen in FIG. 4, each pusher member 58 includes a pair of spaced apart, longitudinally extending lumens 66 a, 66 b, and a connector 68 a, 68 b disposed within each respective lumen 66 a, 66 b. Each connector 68 a, 68 b includes a head portion 70 a, 70 b, and a rod portion 72 a, 72 b, respectively, extending from each respective head portion 70 a, 70 b. A conductive head 170 a and 170 b is fixedly positioned at the distal end of the respective lumens 66 a and 66 b, with a portion exposed at the end of the lumens. A conductive wire 172 a, 172 b connects the conductive heads 170 a, 170 b with the head portions 70 a, 70 b, respectively. When the pusher member 58 is in the retracted position (not shown), the conductive heads 170 a and 170 b are closer to head portions 70 a, 70 b and the wires 172 a, 172 b are flexed or coiled. When the pusher member 58 is advanced to fire the staples, heads 170 a, 170 b are likewise advanced, with the wires 172 a, 172 b straightening as shown in FIG. 4.
  • As an alternative to the flexible conductive wires, inner conductive telescoping rods could be provided. In such embodiment, head portions 70, 70 b would be connected to a respective inner rod slidably received within a lumen of rods 72 a, 72 b of connectors 68 a, 68 b. The head portions 70 a, 70 b would also be fixedly attached within the lumens 66 a, 66 b of the pusher 58. Thus, in the retracted position of the pusher member 58, the inner rods would be at least partially inside rods 72 a, 72 b, positioned in a lumen therein. Upon advancement of the pusher member 58, the inner rods would advance outwardly from the lumen of the rods 72 a, 72 b as the head portions 70 a, 70 b are carried distally with the pusher member 58. Thus electrical connection is made via the respective head portion, inner rod, and outer rod.
  • Connectors 68 a, 68 b may be fabricated from electrically conductive materials, or contain electrically conductive materials, and are preferably electrically isolated or insulated from one another.
  • In operation, connectors 68 a, 68 b and rods 72 a, 72 b remain fixed within lumens 66 a, 66 b as staple pushers 58 are advanced to fire the staples. In an alternate embodiment, plungers 68 a, 68 b may be slidably supported in spaced apart lumens 66 a, 66 b formed in an electrically non-conductive or insulative pusher member 58.
  • In the embodiment of FIG. 9, fingers 92 are attached to the cartridge and remain stationary as pusher 90 is advanced to fire the staples.
  • As seen in FIGS. 5 and 6, an indicating circuit 100 is provided which is electrically connected to connectors 68 a, 68 b. Indicating circuit 100 may include an energy source 102 (e.g., a battery, etc.), and an indicator 104 (e.g., illumination element, light-emitting-diode, etc.) electrically connected to energy source 102. Additionally, the first connector 68 a is electrically connected to energy source 102 and the second connector 68 b is electrically connected to indicator 104.
  • In use, as seen in FIGS. 5 and 6, during a firing of surgical instrument 10, pusher members 58 are actuated to eject, push or otherwise expel staples 56 (FIG. 5) or staples 356 (FIG. 6) out of fastener receiving slots 52 (see FIG. 2) and against respective anvil pockets 23 of anvil assembly 22 to form legs 62 (or 362) of staple 56 (or 356). As legs 62 of staple 56 are formed as shown in FIG. 5, legs 62 are bent towards and against backspan 60 (or 360). When staple 56 is properly formed legs 62 (or 362) contact or electrically engage contacts 64 a, 64 b (or contacts 264 a, 264 b or pads 210, 220). Note the legs of staple 356 would contact the conductive pads of the pusher and the legs of staple 456 would contact the cap to move it into engagement with the pusher contact pads to complete the circuit. The contacts or pads as described above are electrically connected to respective heads 170 a, 170 b of pusher 58, which in turn are electrically connected to the head portions 70 a, 70 b via wires or rods as described above. The staples of the other embodiments described herein would be formed to complete the circuit in a similar manner.
  • When the staple of the foregoing embodiments is properly formed, a circuit loop of indicating circuit 100 is completed and triggers a first particular or unique response signal or indication signal (e.g., an audible signal, a color indication, a graphic or alphanumeric display, or any combination thereof). If a staple 56 is not properly formed, the circuit loop of indicating circuit 100 is not completed and thus a response signal or indication signal is either not triggered or a second particular or unique response signal or indication signal (e.g., an audible signal, a color indication, a graphic or alphanumeric display, or any combination thereof).
  • The signals generated by indicating circuit 100 may be displayed or broadcast from a visual display 30 and/or a speaker 32 provided on body 12 of surgical instrument 10. Alternatively, the signals generated by indicating circuit 100 may be displayed or broadcast from a separate unit 40, e.g., CPU, monitor, etc., (see FIG. 1) electrically connected to surgical instrument 10.
  • In operation, each of the foregoing staples (e.g., staple 56) is so monitored in order to determine if staples 56 have been properly formed and/or what percentage of the total number of staples have been properly formed in order to ascertain if an acceptable firing of surgical stapler 10 has occurred. If a percentage of the total number of staples 56 that are properly fired exceeds a predetermined level, then a determination can be made that the stapler firing is acceptable. The predetermined level may depend on the type of surgical procedure, the type of underlying tissue, the biology and medical/physical condition of the patient, the medical history of the patient and/or patient's family, the physical dimensions of the staples, and any other suitable parameters.
  • In the event that an acceptable firing of surgical instrument 10 has not occurred, the staple line may be reinforced by suturing or by redoing the procedure.
  • As can be appreciated from the above, in a preferred embodiment, completion of the circuit provides an indication of proper formation of the fastener. However, it is also contemplated in an alternate embodiment, the contact pads can be positioned such that contact of the legs with the contact pad (or structure) completes the circuit to indicate improper formation of the staples.
  • Turning now to FIGS. 7 and 8, a connector pad assembly, in accordance with another embodiment of the present disclosure, is generally designated as 200. Connector pad assembly 200 may be removably or fixedly supported on or connected to a backspan 60 of a conventional surgical staple 156. Connector pad assembly 200 may be secured to backspan 160 of surgical staple 156 by various methods including for example, a suitable adhesive, welding, or an interference, press or friction fit.
  • Connector pad assembly 200 includes an electrically non-conductive or insulative body portion 202 configured for support or connection to backspan 160 of surgical staple 156. Body portion 202 may be in the form of a U-shaped channel having a back wall 202 a, and a pair of spaced apart side walls 202 b, 202 c extending from back wall 202 a and defining a channel 202 d therebetween. Channel 202 d of body portion 202 is sized and dimensioned to receive backspan 160 of surgical staple 156 therein.
  • Connector pad assembly 200 further includes a pair of spaced apart electrical contact pads 210, 220 disposed on or suitably supported on an outer surface of body portion 202. Each contact pad 210, 220 extends from first side wall 202 b of body portion 202, across back wall 202 a of body portion 202, and to second side wall 202 c of body portion 202. Each contact pad 210, 220 is fabricated from an electrically conductive, biologically compatible material, such as, for example, stainless steel, titanium or the like.
  • In use, a connector pad assembly 200 is attached to a backspan of a conventional surgical staple and the surgical staple, including the connector pad assembly 200 is loaded into staple receiving slots 52 of a cartridge 50 of a surgical stapling instrument 10, including an indicating circuit 200 as described above. The surgical stapling instrument 10 is then used in a surgical procedure, in a manner similar to the method described above. A surgical instrument 10 loaded with surgical staples 156, including connector pad assemblies 200, will function similar to a surgical instrument 10 loaded with surgical staples 56 as described above (as the staples come onto electrical contact with the pads) and thus will not be discussed in greater detail herein.
  • As various changes could be made in the above constructions without departing from the scope of the disclosure, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense. In the view above it will be seen that several objects of the disclosure are achieved and other advantageous results attained, as defined by the scope of the following claims.

Claims (20)

1. A surgical fastener, comprising:
a backspan defining an upper surface, a lower surface and a pair of side surfaces;
a pair of legs depending from the backspan; and
a contact pad on the backspan, wherein at least one of the pair of legs is configured to contact the contact pad to provide an indication of formation.
2. The fastener according to claim 1, wherein at least one leg and the contact pad are fabricated from an electrically conductive material and at least a portion of the backspan is non-conductive.
3. The fastener according to claim 1, further comprising a layer of non-conductive material interposed between the backspan and the contact pad to electrically isolate the contact pad from the backspan.
4. The fastener according to claim 1, further comprising a pair of contact pads supported on the backspan, wherein each leg contacts a respective contact pad upon proper formation thereof.
5. The fastener according to claim 1, further comprising a pair of contact pads supported on the backspan, wherein each leg contacts a respective contact pad upon improper formation thereof.
6. The fastener according to claim 4, wherein each leg and each contact pad is fabricated from an electrically conductive material.
7. The fastener according to claim 1, wherein the contact pad extends from the lower surface to the upper surface of the backspan along at least one side surface of the backspan.
8. The fastener according to claim 1, wherein the contact pad extends through the backspan so as to be exposed at the upper surface and the lower surface of the backspan.
9. The fastener according to claim 4, wherein the contact pads are electrically isolated from one another.
10. A surgical fastener comprising:
a backspan; and
first and second fastener legs extending from the backspan, the backspan having an electrical contact surface, wherein upon contact of at least one of the fastener legs with the electrical contact surface completes a circuit to provide an indication of staple formation.
11. The fastener of claim 10, wherein completion of the circuit provides an indication of proper formation of the fastener.
12. The fastener of claim 10, wherein completion of the circuit provides an indication of improper formation of the fastener.
13. An electrosurgical system, comprising:
a fastening device including a cartridge and an anvil, wherein the anvil is in juxtaposed relation relative to the cartridge, wherein the cartridge and the anvil have a spaced apart position and an approximated position, and wherein the cartridge is configured to retain a plurality of fasteners therein and wherein the anvil is configured to form the plurality of fasteners;
a plurality of surgical fasteners loaded in the cartridge, at least one of the fasteners includes a backspan, a pair of legs depending from the backspan, and at least one contact pad on the backspan, wherein at least one of the pair of legs is configured to contact the at least one contact pad upon a formation thereof; and
an indicating circuit associated with the fasteners, the indicating circuit including an electrical conduit in electrical contact with the at least one contact pad.
14. The electrosurgical system of claim 13, wherein upon formation of the fasteners, the legs are configured to either contact a respective contact pad or not contact a respective contact pad to indicate whether the fasteners are properly formed.
15. The electrosurgical system of claim 14, wherein when the respective legs of each fastener properly contact the at least one contact pad, a circuit loop of the indicating circuit is established, and when the respective legs of each fastener do not properly contact the at least one contact pad the circuit loop of the indicating circuit is not established.
16. The electrosurgical system according to claim 13, wherein the indicating circuit includes an energy source and an indicator, wherein the indicator activates upon one of a proper formation of the fasteners and an improper formation of the fasteners.
17. The electrosurgical system according to claim 16, wherein the indicator activates upon a proper formation of a predetermined number of proper formations of the fasteners.
18. The electrosurgical system according to claim 13, wherein at least a portion of the backspan of each fastener is non-conductive.
19. The electrosurgical system according to claim 13, wherein the at least one contact pad of each fastener is electrically isolated from the backspan.
20. The electrosurgical system according to claim 13, wherein the at least one contact pads comprises a pair of contact pad electrically isolated from one another.
US12/137,702 2007-06-12 2008-06-12 Surgical fastener Abandoned US20080312687A1 (en)

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US13/284,134 US8343184B2 (en) 2007-06-12 2011-10-28 Surgical fastener
US13/367,394 US8323314B2 (en) 2007-06-12 2012-02-07 Surgical fastener
US13/666,995 US8465520B2 (en) 2007-06-12 2012-11-02 Surgical fastener
US13/896,491 US8728120B2 (en) 2007-06-12 2013-05-17 Biomechanical fastener

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US13/367,394 Active US8323314B2 (en) 2007-06-12 2012-02-07 Surgical fastener
US13/666,995 Active US8465520B2 (en) 2007-06-12 2012-11-02 Surgical fastener
US13/896,491 Active US8728120B2 (en) 2007-06-12 2013-05-17 Biomechanical fastener

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US13/666,995 Active US8465520B2 (en) 2007-06-12 2012-11-02 Surgical fastener
US13/896,491 Active US8728120B2 (en) 2007-06-12 2013-05-17 Biomechanical fastener

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US20130056519A1 (en) 2013-03-07
US8728120B2 (en) 2014-05-20
US20130248579A1 (en) 2013-09-26
US20120043367A1 (en) 2012-02-23
EP2016911B1 (en) 2012-01-11
JP2008307383A (en) 2008-12-25
US8465520B2 (en) 2013-06-18
AU2008202577A1 (en) 2009-01-08
US20120132693A1 (en) 2012-05-31
EP2387957B1 (en) 2012-12-19
ES2378855T3 (en) 2012-04-18
US8323314B2 (en) 2012-12-04
EP2016911A1 (en) 2009-01-21
EP2387957A1 (en) 2011-11-23
AU2008202577B2 (en) 2013-09-26
US8343184B2 (en) 2013-01-01
CA2633869A1 (en) 2008-12-12

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