US20080098789A1 - Draw Forming Method and Device - Google Patents

Draw Forming Method and Device Download PDF

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Publication number
US20080098789A1
US20080098789A1 US11/718,052 US71805205A US2008098789A1 US 20080098789 A1 US20080098789 A1 US 20080098789A1 US 71805205 A US71805205 A US 71805205A US 2008098789 A1 US2008098789 A1 US 2008098789A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
blank
holder
holddown
region
die
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
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US11/718,052
Inventor
Yuichi Hori
Yuichi Konno
Takanori Monda
Hiroshi Ono
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Honda Motor Co Ltd
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Honda Motor Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2004-339409 priority Critical
Priority to JP2004339409A priority patent/JP2006142371A/en
Priority to JP2005-303306 priority
Priority to JP2005303306A priority patent/JP2006255781A/en
Application filed by Honda Motor Co Ltd filed Critical Honda Motor Co Ltd
Priority to PCT/JP2005/021176 priority patent/WO2006057196A1/en
Assigned to HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD. reassignment HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: HORI, YUICHI, KONNO, YUICHI, MONDA, TAKANORI, ONO, HIROSHI
Publication of US20080098789A1 publication Critical patent/US20080098789A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D22/00Shaping without cutting, by stamping, spinning, or deep-drawing
    • B21D22/02Stamping using rigid devices or tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D24/00Special deep-drawing arrangements in, or in connection with, presses
    • B21D24/04Blank holders; Mounting means therefor

Abstract

A draw forming method for drawing a blank material (15). In this method, a restraint region (98) that is an outer peripheral section (21) of the blank material is held by a first holder means (22), and then a tension region (97) inside the outer peripheral section is displaced upward by a second holder means (23) relative to the restraint region. The displacement applies tensile force to a drawing region (96) that is the central section of the blank material.

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present invention relates to a draw forming method and device for reducing deflection created in the center of a blank material when the blank material is subjected to plastic working using a press and a metal die unit.
  • BACKGROUND ART
  • Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open Publication No. H01-153820, for example, proposes a draw forming method in which the periphery of a blank material is held by pressure from a blank holder, and the blank material is formed when subjected to plastic working using a metal die unit mounted on a press. This draw forming is described below with reference to FIGS. 13A through 13C hereof.
  • In a forming method that uses a conventional drawing die 301, the periphery of a blank material B is first pressed by an upper die holddown 303 of an upper die 302 and a lower die holddown 305 of a lower die 304, and a section adjacent to the center of the blank material B is pressed by a pad 306 and a cushion 307, as shown in FIG. 13A.
  • Next, a first draw (cylindrical section G1) is formed with a punch 308, as shown in FIG. 13B.
  • A second draw (square base section G2) is then formed with the cushion 307, as shown in FIG. 13C.
  • The first and second draws can thus be formed in a single step in the conventional draw forming method.
  • However, although an example is given in which the punch 308 is disposed on the underside of the drawing die 301, the punch is sometimes disposed on the topside depending on the circumstances. In cases in which the drawing die 301 is turned upside-down, the blank material B is set on the pad 306 to form draws, whereupon deflection is created in the center of the blank material B. Deflection tends to occur easily and in greater amounts particularly in cases in which the blank material is extremely thin, or in cases in which a thin blank material is hot-formed (including warm forming). As a result, there is concern that the forming dimensions will be markedly nonuniform.
  • In view of this, there is a need for a draw forming technique that reduces deflection in the center of the blank material set on the metal die unit, and that reduces nonuniformities in the forming dimensions.
  • DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION
  • According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a draw forming method wherein a blank material set into a metal die unit is restrained by a blank holder and then drawn, the method comprising the steps of: setting the blank material into the metal die unit, the blank material having a stretching region and a restraint region set in the stated order outward and lined up with a drawing region that is subjected to pressure from an upper die and a lower die; restraining the restraint region of the blank material with first holder means of the blank holder; and applying tensile force to the drawing region and restraining the stretching region while second holder means of the blank holder displaces the stretching region in the shearing direction in relation to the restraint region.
  • Thus, the restraint region of the blank material is restrained by the first holder means, and the stretching region of the blank material is then displaced in the shearing direction by the second holder means, whereupon tensile force is applied to the stretching region of the blank material and the drawing region in the middle, and the deflection formed in the drawing region is removed. It is therefore possible to reduce deflection in the middle of the blank material set into the metal die unit.
  • According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a device for draw forming a blank material, which device comprises: a metal die unit having an upper die and a lower die; a blank holder for restraining the blank material set in the metal die unit; and a press for applying pressure to the restrained blank material, wherein the blank holder comprises first holder means for restraining an outer peripheral section of the blank material at a first restraining position when the press is lowered; and second holder means disposed on the inside of the first holder means to restrain the inside section of the outer peripheral section of the blank material at a second restraining position when the press is further lowered.
  • In the thus-arranged device, the press operates the first holder means, the outer peripheral section of the blank material is restrained by the first holder means, and the press is then lowered further. The second holder means positioned on the inside of the first holder means then stretches the middle of the blank material outward. As a result, the deflection in the central section of the blank material is extremely small, and it is possible to reduce nonuniformities in the positional relationship between the central section and the upper and lower dies. It is therefore possible to reduce nonuniformities in the dimensions of the formed article when drawing is performed.
  • Preferably, in the device of the present invention, the press is a double-action press; the first restraining position is the position in which the first holder means protrudes past the second holder means and in which the blank material is held by the lowering of the double-action press; the second restraining position is the position in which the double-action press is lowered further from the first restraining position; the upper die is held to be capable of sliding in relation to the second holder means, and is disposed separate from an inner slider of the double-action press; and the first holder means and second holder means are fixed to an external slider positioned on the outside of the inner slider. As a result, tensile force is applied to the inside of the outer peripheral section and to the central section of the blank material until the blank material reaches the second restraining position while the outer peripheral section is restrained at the first restraining position, and deflection in the central section of the blank material can be prevented from occurring.
  • Furthermore, since the first and second holder means are integrally fixed to the external slider of the double-action press, there is no movement between the external slider and the first and second holder means, and nonuniformities in the dimensions of the formed article can be reduced.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a draw forming device according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 a flowchart showing the steps of a draw forming method according to the present invention;
  • FIG. 3 is a diagram showing the blank material used in the draw forming method of the invention;
  • FIGS. 4A and 4B are schematic views showing the manner in which the blank material is set on the metal die unit and restrained by first holder means in the draw forming method shown in FIG. 2;
  • FIGS. 5A and 5B are schematic views showing the manner in which the press is lowered to displace the stretching region of the blank material upward and to remove the deflection created in the central section of the blank material;
  • FIGS. 6A through 6D are schematic views showing the manner in which a formed article is extracted after the formed article is obtained by drawing the central section of the blank material;
  • FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the draw forming device according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIGS. 8A through 8D are schematic views showing an operation of the draw forming device according to the second embodiment, and also showing the manner in which the formed article is obtained by drawing after the blank is set on a metal die unit;
  • FIGS. 9A and 9B are schematic views showing the manner in which the formed article is extracted;
  • FIG. 10 is a schematic view showing a modification of the draw forming device according to the second embodiment shown in FIG. 7;
  • FIGS. 11A through 11D are schematic views showing the actions taken from the time the blank material is set until the time the blank material is drawn in the draw forming device in the modification;
  • FIGS. 12A and 12B are schematic views showing the manner in which the formed article is extracted; and
  • FIGS. 13A through 13C are schematic cross-sectional views showing a conventional draw forming device.
  • BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
  • Certain embodiments of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
  • In FIG. 1, X indicates a horizontal axis in the longitudinal direction of a blank material 15, Y indicates a horizontal axis orthogonal to X, and Z indicates a vertical axis orthogonal to both X and Y.
  • A draw forming device 11 of the first embodiment shown in FIG. 1 is composed of a metal die unit 12 comprising an upper metal die unit 13 and a lower metal die unit 14, and a blank holder 16 provided to the metal die unit 12 to apply pressure to the blank material 15. The upper metal die unit 13 is mounted on a ram 18 of a press 17. The lower metal die unit 14 is mounted on a bed 19 of the press 17. The draw forming device 11 performs draw forming.
  • The blank holder 16 includes first holder means 22 for restraining the outer peripheral section 21 (restraint region 98 in FIG. 3) of the blank material 15, and second holder means 23 disposed on the inside (in the direction of the arrows a1, a1) of the first holder means 22. An upper cushion mechanism 24 is mounted on the upper metal die unit 13, and a lower cushion mechanism 25 is mounted on the lower metal die unit 14 in order to operate the first and second holder means 22, 23.
  • The first holder means 22 is composed of a first upper holddown member 27 connected to the upper cushion mechanism 24, and a first lower holddown member 28 connected to the lower cushion mechanism 25. H1 indicates the position in which the first holder means 22 restrains the blank material.
  • The second holder means 23 is composed of a second upper holddown member 31 connected to the upper cushion mechanism 24, and a second lower holddown member 32 connected to the lower cushion mechanism 25.
  • The position in which the second holder means 23 restrains the blank material is indicated by H2. The restraining position H2 is set deeper in the shearing direction (Z-axis direction) than the restraining position H1 of the first holder means 22 by a distance Hg.
  • The upper metal die unit 13 will now be described in detail.
  • The upper metal die unit 13 includes an upper base member 34 attached to the ram 18. An upper die (die) 35 is attached to the center of the upper base member 34 by bolts 35 a. A holder placement part 36 is formed on the upper base member 34. In other words, the upper metal die unit 13 includes the first upper holddown member 27 and the second upper holddown member 31 of the blank holder 16.
  • The upper cushion mechanism 24 has third cylinders 37, 37 mounted on the upper base member 34 of the upper metal die unit 13. A cushion base 41 is mounted on rods 38, 38 of the third cylinders 37, 37, and is fitted over the holder placement part 36 and allowed to slide in the Z-axis direction. A stopper groove 44 is formed in the left side surface 43 of the cushion base 41. A stopper shaft 45 that fits into the stopper groove 44 is mounted on the upper base member 34. The operation of the third cylinders 37, 37 causes the cushion base 41 to slide in the Z-axis direction irrespective of the movement of the ram 18.
  • The third cylinders 37 have a structure for storing fluid, for example. Rubber, a compressed spring, or another such elastic member (cushion member) can be used instead of the fluid-storing cylinders. The rods 38 are used in place of pins in this case.
  • The first upper holddown member 27 has a holddown main body 51. The holddown main body 51 has a pressure surface 54 formed on the underside, and a recessed hole 55 formed in the pressure surface 54.
  • The reference numeral 56 indicates a bolt for fastening the first upper holddown member 27 to the cushion base 41.
  • The second upper holddown member 31 has a holddown main body 58 that faces the second lower holddown member 32. The holddown main body 58 has a pressure surface 61 formed on the underside. The pressure surface 61 is located deeper (upward) than the pressure surface 54 of the first upper holddown member 27 by a distance Hg.
  • The upper die 35 has a die surface 67 formed at the bottom of an upper die main body 65.
  • The lower metal die unit 14 will now be described in detail.
  • The lower metal die unit 14 includes a lower base member 72 provided to the bed 19 of the press 17. The lower base member 72 includes a lower die 73 in the center of the base member. In other words, the lower metal die unit 14 includes the first lower holddown member 28 and second lower holddown member 32 of the blank holder 16.
  • The lower cushion mechanism 25 has first cylinders 75, 75 and second cylinders 76, 76 mounted on the lower base member 72. Rods, 77, 77, 78, 78 of the first and second cylinders 75, 76 are all connected to the first and second lower holddown members 28, 32. First guide shafts 81, 81 for guiding the first lower holddown member 28 and second guide shaft 82 for guiding the second lower holddown member 32 are mounted on the lower base member 72.
  • The first cylinders 75 have a structure for storing fluid, for example. Rubber, a compressed spring, or another such elastic member (cushion member) can be used instead of the fluid-storing cylinders. The rods 77 are used in place of pins in this case.
  • The second cylinders 76 have a structure for storing fluid, for example. Rubber, a compressed spring, or another such elastic member (cushion member) can be used instead of the fluid-storing cylinders. The rods 78 are used in place of pins in this case.
  • The first lower holddown member 28 faces the first upper holddown member 27, and the rods 77, 77 of the first cylinders 75, 75 are connected to the underside of a holddown main body 83. The holddown main body 83 has guide holes 84, 84 into which the first guide shafts 81, 81 are fitted, and these shafts are allowed to slide in the Z-axis direction. The top surface of the holddown main body 83 constitutes a pressure surface 85. The blank material 15 is firmly held by the pressure surface 85 and the pressure surface 54 facing the pressure surface 85.
  • The blank is set on the first lower holddown member 28 at the position indicated by U1. The blank setting position U1 and the pressure surface 85 are located higher than a die surface 92 of the lower die 73 by a distance H3.
  • The second lower holddown member 32 faces the second upper holddown member 31, and the rods 78, 78 of the second cylinders 76, 76 are connected to the underside of a holddown main body 86. The holddown main body 86 has guide holes 87, 87 into which the second guide shaft 82 are fitted, and these shafts are allowed to slide in the Z-axis direction. The top surface of the holddown main body 86 constitutes a pressure surface 88. The blank material 15 is firmly held by the pressure surface 88 and the pressure surface 61 facing the pressure surface 88. This is described in further detail hereinafter.
  • The position of the pressure surface 88 is the same as that of the pressure surface 85 of the first lower holddown member 28 located on the outside of the pressure surface 88, and is set to the blank setting position U1.
  • The die surface 92 is formed on the top surface of a lower die main body 91 of the lower die 73. The blank material 15 is formed into the desired shape by the die surface 92 of the lower die 73 and the die surface 67 of the upper die 35. The second lower holddown member 32 is raised above the die surface 92, whereby the blank material 15 can be formed into the desired shape as shown in FIG. 5A.
  • The lower die 73 has four setting shafts 103.
  • The number of cylinders and guide shafts (including guide holes) in the blank holder 16 provided to the metal die unit 12 is arbitrary.
  • The following is a description, made with reference to FIG. 1 and FIGS. 2 through 6D, of the draw forming method performed using the draw forming device 11.
  • FIG. 2 shows a flowchart of the draw forming method according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
  • Step (hereinafter abbreviated as ST) 01: The blank material 15 is obtained.
  • ST02: The blank material 15 is set on the metal die unit 12, which is mounted on the press 17 in advance.
  • ST03: The metal die unit 12 is operated, and the restraint region 98 (see FIG. 3) of the blank material 15 is restrained by the first holder means 22 of the blank holder 16.
  • ST04: The first holder means 22 is lowered, whereby the second holder means 23 displaces the stretching region 97 (see FIG. 3) of the blank material 15 relative to the restraint region 98 in the shearing direction, and restrains the stretching region 97. This displacement causes tensile force to be applied to a drawing region 96 (see FIG. 3) of the blank material 15.
  • ST05: A drawing force is applied to the drawing region 96 (see FIG. 3), and the region is subjected to plastic working by the upper die 35 and the lower die 73, whereby the blank material 15 is formed (see FIG. 6B).
  • ST06: A formed article 107 is extracted (see FIG. 6D).
  • Details of ST01 through ST06 will now be described in detail.
  • FIG. 3 shows the first step of the forming method in ST01 shown in FIG. 2.
  • The blank material 15 is obtained in the first step. Specifically, the blank material 15 is a plate member (material) including a stretching region 97 and a restraint region 98 disposed in the stated order outward from the drawing region 96 (in the direction of the arrows a3, a3). At the same time, four fitting holes 99 are formed in the restraint region 98. The four aforementioned setting shafts 103 are fitted into the four fitting holes 99. The restraint region 98 is the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15.
  • FIGS. 4A and 4B show the second step of the draw forming method of the first embodiment, and also show the details of ST02 and ST03 shown in FIG. 2.
  • The blank material 15 is set on the metal die unit 12 in the second step shown in FIG. 4A. Specifically, the metal die unit 12 is opened as shown in FIG. 1, the four setting shafts 103 are fitted into the four fitting holes 99 of the blank material 15 shown in FIG. 3, and the blank material 15 is set on the first lower holddown member 28 of the first holder means 22 and the second lower holddown member 32 of the second holder means 23.
  • Next, the first holder means 22 of the blank holder 16 restrains the restraint region 98 in the second step. Specifically, the press 17 is operated to lower the upper metal die unit 13 by a stroke S1 as shown in FIG. 4A, the first upper holddown member 27 is pressed against the blank material 15 with a pressure Ph, and the blank material 15 is restrained by the first upper holddown member 27 and first lower holddown member 28 with a specific surface pressure. The closed restraining position H1 of the first holder means 22 coincides with the blank setting position U1 at this time.
  • The pressure Ph is transmitted to the first upper holddown member 27 via the third cylinders 37, 37 of the upper cushion mechanism 24.
  • When the blank material 15 is set on the blank holder 16 provided to the metal die unit 12, the central section 104 of the blank material 15 is not supported, and deflection 105 occurs in the central section 104 as shown in FIG. 4B. As a result, the first holder means 22 restrains the restraint region 98 of the blank material 15 in which deflection 105 has occurred in the central section 104.
  • FIGS. 5A and 5B show the third step of the draw forming method of the first embodiment, and also show the details of ST04 shown in FIG. 2.
  • In step S3, the restraint region 98 of the blank material 15 is restrained, and the second holder means 23 of the blank holder 16 displaces the stretching region 97 in relation to the restraint region 98 in the shearing direction (the direction of the arrow a4, and the Z-axis direction). Tensile force is thereby applied to the drawing region 96 as shown by the arrow a5, and the drawing region is then restrained. In other words, tensile force is applied radially outward to the drawing region 96 in an amount proportional to the amount of displacement.
  • Specifically, the press 17 operates and lowers the first holder means 22 while still restraining the blank material 15, and the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 is pressed against the second lower holddown member 32. The second lower holddown member 32 is stationary at this time. The first holder means 22 is then lowered by a distance H4 from the blank setting position U1, and the restraining position H1 of the first holder means 22 is lowered by a distance H4.
  • In other words, the stretching region 97 is displaced by a distance H4 from the restraining position H1 of the first holder means 22, and the second holder means 23 is stopped at the restraining position H2 while the second lower holddown member 32 and the second upper holddown member 31 restrain the stretching region 97.
  • Thus, tensile force is applied in the directions of the arrows a5 to the stretching region 97 and drawing region 96 shown in FIG. 5B. The drawing region 96, which is set in the central section 104 of the blank material 15, is therefore stretched in the X- and Y-axis directions as shown by the arrows a5, and the central section 104 is free of deflection. It is therefore possible to reduce deflection in the central section 104 (drawing region 96) of the blank material 15 set on the metal die unit 12.
  • FIGS. 6A through 6D show the plastic working step in ST05 and the extraction of the formed article in ST06, shown in FIG. 2.
  • After the second holder means 23 restrains the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 as described in FIG. 5A, the upper metal die unit 13 is lowered to lower the first and second holder means 22, 23 by a stroke S3, as shown in FIG. 6A. At this time, the upper metal die unit 13 is lowered against resistance from the first cylinders 75, 75 and the second cylinders 76, 76, and the drawing region 96 of the blank material 15 is pressed against the die surface 92 of the lower die 73. The upper metal die unit 13 is lowered by a stroke S3, whereupon the first and second holder means 22, 23 come into contact with the lower base member 72 and stop.
  • The upper die 35 is then lowered and pressed against the blank material 15, whereby the blank material is drawn into the desired shape, as shown in FIG. 6B. Specifically, the upper base member 34 is lowered to apply a draw force Pm to the drawing region 96 of the blank material 15 through the upper die 35, and the drawing region 96 is plastically deformed by the lower die 73, whereby the formed article 107 is obtained.
  • After drawing is complete, the upper base member 34 is raised, whereby only the upper die 35 rises in the direction of the arrow a6, and the upper die 35 separates from the formed article 107.
  • The entire upper metal die unit 13 is then raised, whereby the formed article 107 is lifted and separated from the lower die 73, as shown in FIG. 6D. Consequently, the first and second holder means 22, 23 open, and the operator is therefore able to extract the formed article 107.
  • The steps described above are automated by pressing a “start button” on the operating panel of the press 17.
  • A blank material 15 is obtained in the first step of the draw forming method in the first embodiment, as described above. This blank material includes a stretching region 97 and a restraint region 98 disposed in the stated order outward from the drawing region 96, as shown in FIG. 3.
  • In the second step, the blank material 15 is set on the metal die unit 12, and the restraint region 98 is restrained by the first holder means 22 of the blank holder 16, as shown in FIG. 4A.
  • In the third step, the stretching region 97 is forcibly displaced in the shearing direction by the second holder means 23 of the blank holder 16 as shown in FIG. 5A, whereby tensile force is applied to the drawing region 96. The tensile force does not result in deflection 105 in the drawing region 96. It is therefore possible to reduce deflection in the central section 104 of the blank material 15 set on the metal die unit 12.
  • The draw forming device 11 shown in FIG. 1 includes the blank holder 16, which comprises the first holder means 22 for restraining the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15 at the first restraining position H1, and the second holder means 23 for restraining the inner section of the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15 at the second restraining position H2 when the press 17 is lowered. Therefore, after the outer peripheral section 21 is restrained, the inner section of the outer peripheral section 21 is restrained by the second holder means 23 so as to be displaced. The central section 104 of the blank material 15 is thereupon stretched outward as shown by the arrow a5 (see FIG. 5). As a result, deflection is reduced in the central section 104 of the blank material 15, and drawing can be performed with minimal nonuniformities in the formed dimensions.
  • The draw forming device according to a second embodiment will now be described with reference to FIG. 7. In the draw forming device of the second embodiment, a double-action press 217 is used as the press 17 shown in FIG. 1.
  • A draw forming device 211 of the second embodiment shown in FIG. 7 is composed of a metal die unit 212 comprising an upper metal die unit 213 and a lower metal die unit 214, and a blank holder 216 provided to the metal die unit 212 to hold down the blank material 15. The upper metal die unit 213 is mounted on the double-action press 217. The lower metal die unit 214 is mounted on a bed 219.
  • The double-action press 217 includes an inner slider 245 for applying pressing force in order to form the blank material 15, and an external slider 246 disposed on the outside of the inner slider 245 to hold down the blank material 15. The external slider 246 is raised and lowered individually by hydraulic pressure, for example.
  • The upper metal die unit 213 is composed of an upper base member 234 integrally mounted on the external slider 246 of the double-action press 217, and an upper die 235 disposed inside an open section 247 formed in the center of the upper base member 234.
  • The lower metal die unit 214 is composed of a lower base member 272 mounted on the bed 219, and a lower die 273 fixed in the center of the lower base member 272.
  • The blank holder 216 is composed of first holder means 222 for restraining the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15 shown in FIG. 3, and second holder means 223 disposed on the inside of the first holder means 222.
  • The first holder means 222 includes a first upper holddown member 227 integrally fixed to the upper base member 234 by bolts 256, and a first lower holddown member 228 that is mounted on the lower base member 272 by first cylinders 275 and is allowed to slide in the Z-axis direction.
  • The first upper holddown member 227 has a holddown member main body 251, which is formed into a rectangular shape large enough to come into contact with the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15. The holddown member main body 251 has a pressure surface 254 formed on the underside, and a recessed hole 255 formed so that the pressure surface 254 is open. The pressure surface 254 reaches the restraining position H1 of the first holder means 222 and holds down the upper surface of the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15. The restraining position H1 is the position in which the first holder means 222 protrudes past the second holder means 223; i.e., where the first holder means is lowered to hold the blank material 15.
  • The first lower holddown member 228 has a holddown member main body 283 that is formed into a rectangular shape and that faces the holddown member main body 251 of the first upper holddown member 227. The holddown member main body 283 has a pressure surface 285 formed on the topside to press on the underside of the blank material 15. The pressure surface 285 is provided with four setting shafts 203 for setting the blank material 15. The holddown member main body 283 also has guide holes 284, 284 into which first guide shafts 281, 281 are fitted and allowed to slide in the Z-axis direction by means of a collar 283 a. The first guide shafts 281, 281 are mounted on the lower base member 272. The first cylinders 275, 275 are mounted on the lower base member 272, and the distal ends of the rods of the first cylinders 275, 275 are connected to the holddown member main body 283, whereby the first lower holddown member 228 supports the underside of the blank material 15.
  • The first guide shafts 281, 281 guide the first lower holddown member 228 vertically (in the Z-axis direction). The entire lengths of the first guide shafts 281, 281 can be limited so as to not protrude from the pressure surface 285 of the first lower holddown member 228, for example.
  • The recessed hole 255 is optionally provided to the first upper holddown member 227 to allow the insertion and withdrawal of the first guide shafts 281, 281.
  • The second holder means 223 includes a second upper holddown member 231 integrally fixed to the upper base member 234 by bolts (not shown), and a second lower holddown member 232 that is mounted on the lower base member 272 and is allowed to slide in the Z-axis direction by means of the lower base member 272.
  • The second upper holddown member 231 has a holddown member main body 258 formed into a rectangular shape corresponding to the size of the stretching region 97, which is an extension of the inside of the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15 shown in FIG. 3. The underside of the holddown member main body 258 constitutes a pressure surface 261 for pressing on the stretching region 97.
  • The top of the holddown member main body 258 is provided with a hole 263 into which a guide post 262 is fitted, first elastic member mounting holes 265 into which elastic members 264 are fitted, and a mounting hole 269 for mounting a stopper member 268.
  • The pressure surface 261 of the second upper holddown member 231 reaches the restraining position H2 of the second holder means 223 and holds down the topside of the blank material 15.
  • The mounting shape of the guide post 262 and the hole 263 for fitting the guide post 262 constitute one example, and another possibility, for example, is to not form the hole 263 and to fasten the guide post 262 with bolts.
  • The pressure surface 261 of the second upper holddown member 231 is positioned above the pressure surface 254 of the first upper holddown member 227 at a distance Hg.
  • The restraining position H2 of the second holder means 223 is the position in which the double-action press 17 is lowered past the restraining position H1 of the first holder means 222 by a stroke Sa1 (Sa1=Hg).
  • The second lower holddown member 232 has a holddown member main body 286 that is formed into a rectangular shape and that faces the holddown member main body 258 of the second upper holddown member 231, a pressure surface formed on the topside of the holddown member main body 286, a guide hole 287 formed so as to open towards the bottom of the holddown member main body 286, and a second guide shaft 282 that fits into the guide hole 287 by means of a collar 286 a.
  • The second guide shaft 282 is mounted on the lower base member 272. Second cylinders 276, 276 are mounted on the lower base member 272. The top ends of the rods of the second cylinders 276, 276 are connected to the lower ends of the second lower holddown member 232.
  • In the first holder means 22 (first upper holddown member 227 and first lower holddown member 228) and the second holder means 223 (second upper holddown member 231 and second lower holddown member 232), the first upper holddown member 227 and the first lower holddown member 228 are formed into rectangular shapes in this example. However, these shapes are arbitrary and can also be circular. The same applies to the second upper holddown member 231 and the second lower holddown member 232.
  • The upper die 235 has an upper die main body 236, which has a die surface 237 on the underside. A supporting member 238 is provided in the central part of the upper die main body 236. A guide hole 239 is formed in the supporting member 238, and the guide post 262 is slidably fitted into the guide hole 239 by means of a collar 240.
  • Second elastic member mounting holes 241 are formed in the supporting member 238. The other ends (upper ends) of the aforementioned elastic members 264 are fitted into the second elastic member mounting holes 241. The supporting member 238 has a return-restricting section 242. The return-restricting section 242 has a hole for receiving the stopper member 268. The stopper member 268 is mounted using a bolt 243 in the mounting hole 269 formed in the second upper holddown member 231. The topside of the upper die main body 82 constitutes a contact surface 94 that comes into contact with the underside of the inner slider 245.
  • The elastic members 264 are composed, e.g., of compression springs that urge the upper die 235 in the Z-axis direction into standby mode.
  • With the aid of the stopper member 268, the return-restricting section 242 holds the die surface 237 at a position separated upward from the pressure surface 261 of the second upper holddown member 231 by a distance M.
  • The lower die 273 has a die surface 292 that faces the die surface 237 of the upper die 235.
  • Thus, in the draw forming device 211 of the second embodiment, the upper die 235 is supported to be capable of sliding in relation to the second holder means 223, and is disposed so as to be separated from the inner slider 245 of the double action double-action press 217. The first and second holder means 222, 223 are fixed to the external slider 246.
  • The following is a description, made with reference to FIGS. 8A through 8D, of the operation whereby the blank material 15 shown in FIG. 3 is drawn by the draw forming device 211 of the second embodiment shown in FIG. 7.
  • First, the blank material 15 is set on the metal die unit 212. Specifically, the metal die unit 212 is opened, the four setting shafts 203 (see FIG. 7) are fitted into the four fitting holes 99 (see FIG. 3) in the blank material 15, and the blank material 15 is set on the first lower holddown member 228 and the second lower holddown member 232.
  • The external slider 246 of the double-action press 217 is lowered, whereby the first upper holddown member 227 and the second upper holddown member 231 are lowered as shown in FIG. 8A. The first upper holddown member 227 reaches the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15, and the pressure surface 254 on the underside of the first upper holddown member 227 presses on the outer peripheral section 21. Combining the outputs of the double-action press 217 and the first cylinders 275 allows the first holder means 222 (first upper holddown member 227 and first lower holddown member 228) to restrain the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15 at the restraining position H1 of the first holder means 222.
  • The drawing region 96 of the central section 104 in the blank material 15 is not supported, and deflection 105 occurs in the central section 104 of the blank material 15 as described in FIG. 4B.
  • Next, as shown in FIG. 8B, the external slider 246 further lowers the first holder means 222 by a stroke Sa1 against resistance from the output of the first cylinders 275, whereupon a pressure surface 288 on the topside of the second lower holddown member 232 is raised by a stroke Sa1 as a result, and the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 is displaced upward from the outer peripheral section 21 by a distance H4 (see FIG. 5B) that corresponds to the stroke Sa1. The output of the second cylinders 276 at this time is greater than the output of the double-action press 217, and the second cylinders 276 stop without being lowered.
  • Thus, the second lower holddown member 232 displaces the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 while the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15 is restrained. As was described in FIG. 5B, the drawing region 96 and the stretching region 97 are therefore stretched in the X- and Y-axis directions as indicated by the arrows a5, and the deflection 105 (see FIG. 4B) is removed from in the central section 104 of the blank material 15.
  • Thus, the blank material 15 is displaced, and the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 is restrained by the pressure surface 261 of the second upper holddown member 231 and the pressure surface 288 of the second lower holddown member 232. At this time, the output of the double-action press 217 and the second cylinders 276 allows the second holder means 223 (the second upper holddown member 231 and the second lower holddown member 232) to restrain the blank material 15 at the restraining position H2 of the second holder means 223.
  • The second upper holddown member 231 of the second holder means 223 does not move in the Z-axis direction independent of the external slider 246, because the first and second holder means 222, 223 are fixed to the external slider 246. Therefore, nonuniformities are reduced in the dimensions of the formed article.
  • When the external slider 246 is further lowered by a stroke S2 as shown FIG. 8C, the second holder means 223 is also lowered, and the entire drawing region 96 of the blank material 15 is deformed by the die surface 292 of the lower die 273. The first lower holddown member 228 and the second lower holddown member 232 come into contact with the lower base member 272 and stop. The outer peripheral section 21 and stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 are restrained by the first holder means 222 and the second holder means 223.
  • In FIG. 8D, the inner slider 245 is lowered based on information about the position of the external slider 246, whereupon the underside of the inner slider 245 comes into contact with a contact surface 244 of the upper die 235, the upper die 235 is lowered against the repulsive force of the elastic members 264, and the upper die applies pressure to the drawing region 96 of the blank material 15. As a result, the drawing region 96 of the blank material 15 is drawn into the desired shape by the die surface 237 of the upper die 235 and the die surface 292 of the lower die 273, and the formed article 107 is obtained.
  • FIGS. 9A and 9B show the operation of extracting the formed article 107 obtained by drawing.
  • The inner slider 245 is raised in FIG. 9A, whereupon the repulsive force of the elastic members 264 raises the upper die 235. The stopper member 268 comes into contact with the return-restricting section 242, the upper die 235 reaches an upper limit, and the device goes into standby mode. The external slider 246 continues to apply pressure.
  • When the external slider 246 begins to rise in FIG. 9B, the second lower holddown member 232 reaches an upper limit and stops at the stroke end of the second cylinders 276, and the second holder means 223 opens. The formed article 107 separates from the die surface 292 of the lower die 273 in this step.
  • The rods of the first cylinders 275 are raised further, and the first lower holddown member 228 stops at an upper limit at the stroke end of the first cylinders 275. When the external slider 246 is raised further, the first holder means 222 opens and the operator extracts the formed article 104.
  • In other words, pressing the “start button” on the operating panel of the double-action press 17 automatically executes the operation in FIGS. 7 through 9B, and the operator extracts the formed article 104, whereby one formation cycle is completed.
  • In to the draw forming device 211 of the second embodiment described above, tensile force is applied to the central section 104 of the blank material 15 connected to the stretching region 97. The tensile force is applied from the time the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15 is restrained at the restraining position H1 of the first holder means 222 until the time the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 is restrained at the restraining position H2 of the second holder means 223. As a result, the deflection in the central section 104 of the blank material 15 can be removed.
  • There is no independent movement between the external slider 246 and the first and second holder means 222, 223, and nonuniformities in the dimensions of the formed article can be reduced because the first and second holder means 222, 223 are fixed to the external slider 246.
  • The upper die 235 is supported by the elastic members 264, is allowed to slide (in the Z-axis direction) in relation to the second holder means 223, and is disposed separate from the inner slider 245 of the double-action press 217. The upper die is therefore operated using the second holder means 223 as a reference. Accordingly, the upper die 235 can be positioned with greater accuracy.
  • FIG. 10 shows a modified example of the draw forming device 211 of the second embodiment shown in FIG. 7. In the description of this drawing device in the modified example, components identical to those in the draw forming device of the second embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed descriptions are omitted.
  • The draw forming device 211A of the modified example has a metal die unit 212A comprising an upper metal die unit 213A and a lower metal die unit 214A, and also has a blank holder 216A disposed on the metal die unit 212A to restrain the blank material 15.
  • The upper metal die unit 213A has an upper die 235A disposed in an open section 247 formed in the upper base member 234.
  • The lower metal die unit 214A has a lower die 273 mounted on a lower base member 272A, which is mounted on a bed 219. The lower base member 272A is mounted on the bed 219.
  • A blank holder 216A includes first holder means 222, and second holder means 223A disposed on the inside thereof.
  • The restraining position H1 of the first holder means 222 is located farther out than the second holder means 223A, and is the position in which the blank material 15 is held. The details are described hereinafter.
  • The second holder means 223A has a second lower holddown member 232A fixed to the lower base member 272A.
  • The restraining position Hb2 of the second holder means 223A is the position in which the double-action press 17 is lowered past the restraining position H1 of the first holder means 222 by a stroke Sb1. In other words, the blank material 15 is restrained at a position that is lower by a stroke Sb1 than the restraining position H1 of the first holder means 222.
  • The second lower holddown member 232A has a holddown member main body 286A formed into a rectangular shape facing the holddown member main body 258 of the second upper holddown member 231. The holddown member main body 286A has a pressure surface 288 on the topside.
  • The first upper holddown member 227, first lower holddown member 228, second upper holddown member 231, and second lower holddown member 232A are rectangular in this description, but the shapes of these components are arbitrary and may also be circular.
  • The upper die 235A has an upper die main body 236A.
  • The elastic members 264 are composed, e.g., of compression springs that urge the upper die 235 in the Z-axis direction into standby mode.
  • Thus, in the draw forming device 211A of the modified example, the upper die 235A is supported to be capable of sliding in relation to the second holder means 223A. The upper die 235A is also disposed so as to be separated from the inner slider 245 of the double action double-action press 217. The first holder means 222 and second holder means 223A are fixed integrally to the external slider 246 of the double-action press 217.
  • As is clear in FIG. 10, the descending stroke Sb1 of the first holder means 222 of the modified example, which is necessary to restrain the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15, is greater than the descending stroke Sa1 of the second embodiment shown in FIG. 7. Therefore, the displaced depth H5 of the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15, described later, is greater than the displaced depth in the second embodiment. In other words, the amount of displacement is greater, and the stretching region 97 and drawing region 96 of the blank material 15 are subjected to a tensile force that corresponds to the amount of displacement. Therefore, deflection in the central section of the blank material 15 is reduced.
  • The following is a description, made with reference to FIGS. 11A through 11C, of the operation of drawing the blank material with the draw forming device of the modified example.
  • First, when the blank material 15 is set in the opened metal die unit 212A as shown in FIG. 10, the blank material 15 is set on the first lower holddown member 228 and second lower holddown member 232A as previously described.
  • In FIG. 11A, lowering the external slider 246 of the double-action press 217 causes the first upper holddown member 227 and the second upper holddown member 231 to be lowered, whereupon the first upper holddown member 227 reaches the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15, and the pressure surface 254 of the first upper holddown member 227 applies pressure to the outer peripheral section 21. The output of the double-action press 217 and of the first cylinders 275 allows the first holder means 222 to restrain the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15 at the restraining position H1.
  • The blank material 15 is restrained at the external peripheral section 21 in the restraining position H1, and is not supported at the drawing region 96 in the central section 104. Deflection 105 is formed in the central section 104 of the blank material 15, as shown in FIG. 4B.
  • The external slider 246 of the double-action press 217 is then lowered as shown in FIG. 11B, whereupon the first holder means 222 for restraining the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15 is lowered by a stroke Sb1 against resistance from the output of the first cylinders 275, and the first lower holddown member 228 of the first holder means 222 comes into contact with the lower base member 272A and stops.
  • The lowering of the first holder means 222 causes the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 to be displaced upward from the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15, which is restrained by the first holder means 222. This displacement causes the stretching region 97 and the drawing region 96 of the blank material 15 to be stretched outward. The stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 is then restrained by the second holder means 223A.
  • In other words, the second upper holddown member 231 and the second lower holddown member 232A of the second holder means 223A restrain the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 at the restraining position Hb2, which is set to the position in which the external slider 246 is lowered by a stroke Sb1.
  • There is no deflection 105 in the central section 104 shown in FIG. 4B, because the drawing region 96 and stretching region 97 are stretched in the X- and Y-axis directions as indicated by the arrows a5. These regions are stretched in a process of plastic deformation of the blank material 15 by a displacement depth of H5 as shown in FIG. 11C, while the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15 is restrained. It is therefore possible to reduce deflection in the drawing region 96 of the blank material 15 set in the metal die unit 212A. The displacement depth H5 is the depth of plastic working when the blank material is restrained at the restraining position Hb2 of the second holder means 223A.
  • Thus, there is an increase in the displacement depth H5 of the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 based on the lowering of the first holder means 222 in the modified example, and deflection in the drawing region 96 of the blank material 15 can be reduced proportionally.
  • The external slider 246 continues to apply pressure, whereby the first holder means 222 and second holder means 223A continue to restrain the outer peripheral section 21 and the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15.
  • The inner slider 245 is lowered based on information about the position of the external slider 246 as shown in FIG. 11D, whereupon the underside of the inner slider 245 comes into contact with the contact surface 244 of the upper die 235A, and the upper die 235A is lowered against the repulsive force of the external slider 246 to apply pressure to the drawing region 96 of the blank material 15. As a result, the drawing region 96 of the blank material 15 is drawn into the desired shape by the die surface 237 of the upper die 235A, and the die surface 292 of the lower die 273, and a formed article 107A is obtained.
  • The following is a description, made with reference to FIGS. 12A and 12B, of the operation of extracting the formed article 107A in the draw forming device of the modified example.
  • When the inner slider 245 is raised in FIG. 12A, the upper die 235A is raised against the repulsive force of the elastic members 264, and the return-restricting section 242 comes into contact with the stopper member 268, whereupon the upper die 235A reaches an upper limit and the device goes into standby mode. The external slider 246 continues to apply pressure during this time.
  • The external slider 246 then continues to be raised as shown in FIG. 12B, whereupon the rods of the first cylinders 275 are raised as well, and the first upper holddown member 227 and first lower holddown member 228 of the first holder means 222 are raised while the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15 is restrained. As a result, the blank material 15 moves upward away from the pressure surface 288 of the second lower holddown member 232A. The first lower holddown member 228 reaches an upper limit and stops at the stroke end of the first cylinders 275.
  • The external slider 246 is then raised further, whereupon the first holder means 222 opens as shown in FIG. 10, and the operator therefore extracts the formed article 107A.
  • In other words, pressing the “start button” on the operating panel of the double-action press 17 automatically executes the operation beginning with drawing the blank material 15 and ending with opening the metal die unit, and the operator extracts the formed article 107A, whereby one formation cycle is completed.
  • A draw forming device of a modified example was described above, but according to this draw forming device of the modified example, settings are selected so that there is an increase in the descending stroke Sb1 of the first holder means 222 of the modified example necessary to restrain the outer peripheral section 21 of the blank material 15. The displacement of the stretching region 97 of the blank material 15 is therefore proportionally greater, and the stretching region 97 and drawing region 96 of the blank material 15 are stretched farther. The deflection in the central section of the blank material 15 is therefore further reduced.
  • INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY
  • In the draw forming device of the present invention, the outer peripheral section of a blank material is restrained by first holder means, and the stretching region on the inside of the outer peripheral section is displaced and restrained in the shearing direction relative to the outer peripheral section. Tensile force is thereby applied to the drawing region in the middle of the blank material, and deflection in the drawing region is reduced. Thus, when the drawing region is drawn, formed articles having little nonuniformity in their dimensions are obtained, which articles are usable in various industries.

Claims (3)

1. A draw forming method wherein a blank material set into a metal die unit is restrained by a blank holder and then drawn, the method comprising the steps of:
setting the blank material into the metal die unit, the blank material having a stretching region and a restraint region set in the stated order outward and lined up with a drawing region subjected to pressure from an upper die and a lower die;
restraining the restraint region of the blank material with first holder means of the blank holder; and
applying tensile force to the drawing region and restraining the stretching region while second holder means of the blank holder displaces the stretching region in a shearing direction relative to the restraint region.
2. A device for draw forming a blank material, comprising:
a metal die unit comprised of an upper die and a lower die;
a blank holder for restraining the blank material set in the metal die unit; and
a press for applying pressure to the restrained blank material, wherein the blank holder comprises:
first holder means for restraining an outer peripheral section of the blank material at a first restraining position when the press is lowered; and
second holder means disposed inside the first holder means to restrain an inside section of the outer peripheral section of the blank material at a second restraining position when the press is further lowered.
3. The draw forming device of claim 2, wherein:
the press comprises a double-action press;
the first restraining position is a position in which the first holder means protrudes past the second holder means and in which the blank material is held by the lowering of the double-action press;
the second restraining position is the position in which the double-action press is lowered further from the first restraining position;
the upper die is held to be capable of sliding relative to the second holder means and is disposed separate from an inner slider of the double-action press; and
the first holder means and second holder means are fixed to an external slider positioned outside the inner slider.
US11/718,052 2004-11-24 2005-11-11 Draw Forming Method and Device Abandoned US20080098789A1 (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2004-339409 2004-11-24
JP2004339409A JP2006142371A (en) 2004-11-24 2004-11-24 Method and apparatus for draw-forming
JP2005-303306 2005-10-18
JP2005303306A JP2006255781A (en) 2005-02-16 2005-10-18 Draw forming device
PCT/JP2005/021176 WO2006057196A1 (en) 2004-11-24 2005-11-11 Draw forming method and device

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US11/718,052 Abandoned US20080098789A1 (en) 2004-11-24 2005-11-11 Draw Forming Method and Device

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CA (1) CA2586049C (en)
DE (1) DE112005002868B4 (en)
WO (1) WO2006057196A1 (en)

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US20100050729A1 (en) * 2008-09-01 2010-03-04 Rahul Kulkarni Die assembly for use in an apparatus for forming a workpiece
US20100064759A1 (en) * 2008-09-18 2010-03-18 Benteler Automobiltechnik Gmbh Method and device for press-hardening a metallic formed structure
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FR3018709A1 (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-09-25 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa TOOLING FOR BONDING FOR CONFORMING A BENT PIECE
US20160107280A1 (en) * 2014-10-15 2016-04-21 Fu Ding Electronical Technology (Jiashan) Co.,Ltd. Press mechanism
US10112276B2 (en) * 2014-10-15 2018-10-30 Fu Ding Electronical Technology (Jiashan) Press mechanism
US20180043421A1 (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-02-15 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Indexing self-aligning hardware tool
US10471496B2 (en) * 2016-08-12 2019-11-12 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Indexing self-aligning hardware tool
US10933458B2 (en) * 2018-12-19 2021-03-02 Fca Us Llc Stretch forming die

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DE112005002868B4 (en) 2010-07-01
CA2586049A1 (en) 2006-06-01
CA2586049C (en) 2011-03-29
WO2006057196A1 (en) 2006-06-01

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