US20070294093A1 - Preventative maintenance system - Google Patents

Preventative maintenance system Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070294093A1
US20070294093A1 US11/454,713 US45471306A US2007294093A1 US 20070294093 A1 US20070294093 A1 US 20070294093A1 US 45471306 A US45471306 A US 45471306A US 2007294093 A1 US2007294093 A1 US 2007294093A1
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preventative maintenance
real time
system
method
logic
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US11/454,713
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John Robert Galt
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Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd
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Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd
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Priority to US11/454,713 priority Critical patent/US20070294093A1/en
Assigned to HUSKY INJECTION MOLDING SYSTEMS LTD. reassignment HUSKY INJECTION MOLDING SYSTEMS LTD. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: GALT, JOHN ROBERT
Publication of US20070294093A1 publication Critical patent/US20070294093A1/en
Assigned to ROYAL BANK OF CANADA reassignment ROYAL BANK OF CANADA SECURITY AGREEMENT Assignors: HUSKY INJECTION MOLDING SYSTEMS LTD.
Assigned to HUSKY INJECTION MOLDING SYSTEMS LTD. reassignment HUSKY INJECTION MOLDING SYSTEMS LTD. RELEASE OF SECURITY AGREEMENT Assignors: ROYAL BANK OF CANADA
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D17/00Pressure die casting or injection die casting, i.e. casting in which the metal is forced into a mould under high pressure
    • B22D17/20Accessories: Details
    • B22D17/32Controlling equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D46/00Controlling, supervising, not restricted to casting covered by a single main group, e.g. for safety reasons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/17Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C45/76Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/17Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C45/76Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • B29C45/768Detecting defective moulding conditions
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B23/00Testing or monitoring of control systems or parts thereof
    • G05B23/02Electric testing or monitoring
    • G05B23/0205Electric testing or monitoring by means of a monitoring system capable of detecting and responding to faults
    • G05B23/0259Electric testing or monitoring by means of a monitoring system capable of detecting and responding to faults characterized by the response to fault detection
    • G05B23/0283Predictive maintenance, e.g. involving the monitoring of a system and, based on the monitoring results, taking decisions on the maintenance schedule of the monitored system; Estimating remaining useful life [RUL]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models
    • G06Q10/063Operations research or analysis
    • G06Q10/0631Resource planning, allocation or scheduling for a business operation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models
    • G06Q10/063Operations research or analysis
    • G06Q10/0631Resource planning, allocation or scheduling for a business operation
    • G06Q10/06311Scheduling, planning or task assignment for a person or group
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models
    • G06Q10/063Operations research or analysis
    • G06Q10/0631Resource planning, allocation or scheduling for a business operation
    • G06Q10/06315Needs-based resource requirements planning or analysis
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/10Office automation, e.g. computer aided management of electronic mail or groupware; Time management, e.g. calendars, reminders, meetings or time accounting
    • G06Q10/109Time management, e.g. calendars, reminders, meetings, time accounting
    • G06Q10/1093Calendar-based scheduling for a person or group
    • G06Q10/1097Task assignment
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/20Product repair or maintenance administration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2945/00Indexing scheme relating to injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould
    • B29C2945/76Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • B29C2945/76003Measured parameter
    • B29C2945/76163Errors, malfunctioning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2945/00Indexing scheme relating to injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould
    • B29C2945/76Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • B29C2945/76929Controlling method
    • B29C2945/76939Using stored or historical data sets
    • B29C2945/76943Using stored or historical data sets compare with thresholds

Abstract

A method and apparatus for real time preventative maintenance of a molding system. The molding system could be a metal molding system or a plastics molding system. The method and apparatus are capable for scheduling service, business billing and invoicing, parts management, a remote control of a molding system for assessing the need for preventative maintenance. The indication for preventative maintenance is based upon a real time operational status of the molding system.

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present invention generally relates to maintenance of molding systems, and more specifically the present invention relates to real time preventative maintenance and repair of injection molding systems, components, and parts. In the context of this invention, injection molding system includes both plastic and metal injection molding systems.
  • BACKGROUND
  • U.S. Pat. No. 6,738,748 to Wetzer and assigned to Accenture LLP relates to performing predictive maintenance on equipment. Wetzer discloses a data processing system and method to predict maintenance based upon one or more estimated parameters such as longevity, probability of failure (mean time between failure), and financial estimates.
  • United States Patent Application 2004/0148136 to Sasaki et el assigned to Toshiba Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha relates to a system for predictable maintenance of injection molding equipment. Sasaki discloses a data processing system and method for monitoring injection molding equipment where operational data is compared to theoretical estimated expected life data. For example, the hours of use may be compared to an expected life limit or, the maximum frequency of use may be compared to an expected life limit.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 6,175,934 to Hershey et el assigned to the General Electric Company relates to a satellite based remote monitoring system. The system places remote equipment into a test mode to perform remote predictive assessment. A disadvantage of this approach is the requirement to take a piece of equipment off-line to conduct the test.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 6,643,801 to Jammu et el and assigned to the General Electric Company relates to a method for analyzing fault log data and repair data to estimate time before a machine disabling failure occurs. Fault data and repair data are used to estimate the time before a failure occurs. Service information, performance information, and compartment failure information are analyzed to determine a performance deterioration rate to simulate a distribution of future service events. The system is based upon operational levels of vibration in contrast to ideal or acceptable levels of vibration.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 6,192,325 to Piety et el and assigned to the CSI Technology Company and relates to a method and apparatus for establishing a predictive maintenance database.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 6,799,154 to Aragones et el assigned to the General Electric Company relates to a system for predicting the timing of future service events of a product.
  • However, problems remain with the known prior art approaches that apply estimated or theoretical values to predictive maintenance. A component or part may fail in advance of the estimated values and there is no warning or indication that a component or part may fail in advance of the estimate values. A component or part may be replaced when it still has a good useful life. Any of these situations cause unnecessary expense and maintenance.
  • For example, the estimated useful life of an oil filter in the hydraulic circuit of a power pack might be 10,000 hours of operation. The prior art systems simply record the number of hours of usage, and then schedule a replacement of the oil filter when the hours of usage approach or reach the limit of 10,000 hours. However, if a seal fails or contaminants enter the oil system, the oil filer could fail in advance of reaching the limit, potentially causing damage to other components in the hydraulic system and power pack.
  • In addition, the prior art systems do not take into account different environmental aspects of operating equipment at different customer locations and different global locations around the world. For example, humidity, air temperature, cooling water quality, and altitude may impact the performance and reliability of a molding system. For example, some customers run equipment harder than other customers. The prior art systems do not take into account the aspect of supporting and maintaining such equipment on a global scale.
  • The prior art approaches relate to predictive maintenance. Predictive maintenance attempts to maximize the use of a component or part based upon statistical predetermined information in advance of a theoretical point of failure. However, predictive maintenance does not take into account events or indicators that warn of a premature failure in advance of the theoretical point of failure.
  • SUMMARY
  • According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is a method for real time preventative maintenance of a molding system. Indicating an out of tolerance condition based upon a real time operational status, and creating a notice for preventative maintenance.
  • According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is an apparatus for real time preventative maintenance of a molding system including preventative maintenance logic, business system logic, service scheduling logic, and parts management logic. The preventative maintenance logic capable of receiving an indication for preventative maintenance based upon a real time operational status of said molding system under at least one of the following conditions:
      • (a) the operational status is below an absolute minimum real time threshold operation limit,
      • (b) the operational status is below a minimum real time threshold operational limit and has reached the maximum accumulated duration for being below the real time threshold operational limit,
      • (c) the operational status is above an absolute maximum real time threshold operational limit, or
      • (d) the operational status is above a maximum real time threshold operational limit and has reached the maximum accumulated duration for being above the real time threshold operational limit.
  • A technical effect, amongst other technical effects, of the present invention is real time sensing of operational data for assessment by the system to predict or indicate a potential failure in advance of actual failure. Indicating potential failures in advance of actual failures provides better up-time to customers. Other technical effects may also include any combination or permutation of proactive monitoring, diagnostics, and remote control of molding systems to assist with customer productivity, reduce unscheduled maintenance, and align with scheduled maintenance. For the manufacturer or customer service provider, better spare parts management and better access to the customer.
  • Preventative maintenance of the present invention is different from the prior art approaches of predictive maintenance. Preventative maintenance monitors sensors in real time to identify indicators of early or premature failure of components or parts. Preventative maintenance also monitors other conditions that would lead to premature failure of components or parts. Upon identification of these indicators, preventative maintenance will determine the best fit to a manufacturing cycle for maintenance of the molding system.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • A better understanding of the exemplary embodiments of the present invention (including alternatives and/or variations thereof) may be obtained with reference to the detailed description of the exemplary embodiments along with the following drawings, in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of an injection molding system;
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic representation of an injection unit with sensors;
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic representation of a clamp with sensors;
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic representation of a mold with sensors;
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic representation of a hot runner with sensors;
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic representation of a real time preventative maintenance system illustrating the pre-indicator portion of the system and;
  • FIG. 7 is also a schematic representation of a real time preventative maintenance system illustrating the post-indicator portion of the system.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS
  • Referring now to the schematic representation of a molding system 100 as illustrated in FIG. 1, the molding system may be a metal molding system or a plastics molding system. The molding system includes an injection unit 108 for creating a shot of melt. A drive 118 provides operational power for rotating and translating a screw (not shown). The drive 118 may be electric, hydraulic, or a combination of hydraulic and electric. A barrel 109 of the injection unit 108 includes heaters (not shown) to assist melting the raw material. Alternatively, the injection unit 108 could comprise a well known shooting pot style of injection unit.
  • A clamp is illustrated as 102. The clamp includes a pair of platens 103, 105 to receive a mold 104. A drive 120 provides operational power to translate a moving platen 103 and to provide clamp tonnage. The drive 120 may be electric, hydraulic, or a combination of hydraulic and electric.
  • The mold 104 includes a hot half 104 b and a cold half 104 a and provides at least one core and cavity (not shown) to form a molded part. Optionally, the mold 104 includes a hot runner 106 for distributing melt within the mold 104. The hot runner 106 includes electrical heaters (not shown) for keeping a melt at an elevated temperature.
  • A power pack 110 is provided for the molding system 100. The power pack 110 includes a control system 114 to control the molding system 100, a hydraulic portion 112 to provide hydraulic power (if hydraulics are required). Preferably, the control system is an Intel® based computer with a Windows® based operating system such at the Husky® Polaris® Control System. Optionally, in the case of an all electric molding system 100, a hydraulic portion 112 is not required. The power pack 110 also includes electrical components (not shown) and circuitry 116.
  • The molding system 100 includes a connection to a supply 122. The supply 122 provides electrical power and chilled water to the molding system 100. Optionally, the chilled water may be applied to keep other devices cool, for example electric motors and electrical components (not shown).
  • In operation of the molding system 100, raw material 124 is feed into the injection unit 108. The injection unit creates a shot of melt. The clamp 102 closes the mold 104 and then applies tonnage to the mold 104. The injection unit 108 injects the shot of melt into the mold 104. When the formed part 126 is cooled, it is removed from the mold 104 and the process repeats.
  • Molding systems 100 are designed to run 7 days a week 24 hours a day producing molded parts, for example PET performs, or automotive parts. For example, a PET perform system may have the capability to produce 192 preforms every 15 seconds and an unscheduled down-time can have a significant financial impact to business. At the same time, known periodic maintenance can be planned for during an active production run and preventative maintenance can take advantage of known or scheduled down-times.
  • Referring now to FIG. 2, the injection unit 108 is further described. The drive 118 may include sensors 202. For an electric, drive typical sensors 202 include those for temperature, voltage, and current. For a hydraulic drive, typical sensors 202 include those for temperature and hydraulic pressure.
  • The injection unit 108 also includes sensors 204 along a length of the barrel 109 for sensing temperature. The sensors 204 are also capable of measuring voltage, and current supplied to the electrical barrel heaters.
  • The injection unit 108 also includes pressure sensors 206 located upon a length of the barrel 109 to indicate pressure in the barrel 109, and pressure differentials before and after the check valve (not shown) located on the screw (not shown) and within the barrel 109 of the injection unit 108. Sensors 210 could also measure resin viscosity.
  • Sensors 200 determine the dryness of the raw material that is provided into a feed throat (not shown) of the injection unit 108. Sensors 212 could also measure the ambient air temperature and humidity (the operating environment around the molding system). Different raw materials require a different dryness in order to be processed and provide a good quality part.
  • Sensors 208 monitor the temperature and flow rate of the supplied chilled water. Sensors 214 could also monitor the physical properties of chilled water. In addition, sensors 216 could monitor voltage and current of the supplied power.
  • Sensors 200, 208, and 212 are intended to monitor external factors that could lead to damage of the molding system 100, components, or molded parts (not shown). For example, dirty electricity, voltage/current spikes, poor water quality, poor quality hydraulic oil, air quality, pollution, and dust.
  • Referring now to FIG. 3, the clamp 102 is further described. The clamp 102 includes a drive 120. For the case of an electric drive, the sensor 302 may monitor voltage, current, and temperature. For the case of a hydraulic drive, the sensor 302 may monitor temperature and pressure. A hybrid drive would have a combination of sensors. The clamp 102 also includes various sensors 300 to monitor stress, strain, and positional alignment of the platens 103, 105.
  • Referring now to FIG. 4, the mold 104 is further described. The mold 104 includes a cold half 104 a and a hot half 104 b. The hot runner 106 is mounted in a hot half 104 b. Sensors 400 monitor the temperature of the chilled water required to cool the part (not shown). Sensors 402 monitor the temperature of the hot half 104 b. Location of sensors 400 and 402 could be cavity by cavity, or regional within a single cavity (now shown). Additional sensors (not shown) may be applied to detect flash, or misalignment between the hot half 104 b and the cold half 104 a, or detect removal of the parts from the mold, or monitor post mold cooling.
  • Referring now to FIG. 5, the hot runner 106 is further described. Sensors 500 monitor temperature of the melt and/or hot runner components (not shown) and sensors 502 monitor pressure of the melt in the hot runner system. Additional sensors 504 may be applied to determine the operation or position of a valve gate in a valve gated hot runner.
  • Referring now to FIG. 6, the real time preventative maintenance system 600 in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention is described. Sensors 612 may include all or some of the sensors (200, 202, 204, 206, 208, 210, 212, 214, 216, 300, 302, 400, 402, 500, 502, and 504) previously described.
  • For example, if the injection unit 108 drive 118 is hydraulic, then sensors 202 could be capable to monitor temperature and pressure. If the injection unit 108 drive 118 is electric, then sensors 202 could capable to monitor temperature, voltage, and current.
  • If options or accessories are added to the molding system 100, then additional sensors to monitor parameters for the options or accessories could be added. For example, a visioning system (not shown) to detect problems with the molded parts 126 that in turn relates to problems with the molding system 100 or components of the molding system 100. As another example, the visioning system could detect the presence of a stringy gate which in turn relates to a potential temperature issue at a gate (not shown).
  • Persons skilled in the art will appreciate sensors 612 are readily available. For example, a thermocouple will sense temperature. A transducer will sense pressure. A voltmeter will sense voltage and an ammeter will sense current. In addition, persons skilled in the art will also appreciate a combination of sensors 612 could be arranged to monitor and provide unique parameters.
  • The real time preventive maintenance system 600 includes a comparator module 602. The comparator 602 has access to the real time threshold status 616 data and the real time operational parameters 606 as measured by the sensors 612.
  • The real time threshold status 616 data may include one or more of:
      • (a) minimum threshold operational limit data,
      • (b) normal operational data (range), and
      • (c) maximum threshold operational limit data. This data may be voltage parameters, current parameters, pressure parameters, temperature parameters, humidity parameters, acidity parameters, alkinity parameters, stress parameters, strain parameters, viscosity parameters, alignment parameters, and molded part quality parameters.
  • For example, with a particular drive, there are specifications for operating the drive under normal conditions. Optionally, there are limits (minimum and maximum) that provide a range of operational parameters for the drive. As another example, there are specifications for operating electrical heaters under normal conditions and optionally, limits (minimum and maximum) that provide a range of operational parameters for the heaters.
  • The real time operational parameters 606 may include real time measurements of voltage, current, pressure, temperature, humidity, acidity, alkinity, stress, strain, viscosity, fluid cleanliness, alignment, and mold part quality, amongst others, as measured in real time from the sensors 612.
  • Both the real time threshold status 616 data and the real time operational parameters 606 are correlated for each aspect of the molding system 100. For example, they are correlated for the injection unit 108, clamp 102, mold 104, hot runner 106, raw materials 124, and the supply 122. The data and parameters could also be correlated for additional devices and options such as post mold cooling.
  • The comparator 602 compares the real time operational parameters 606 with the real time threshold status 616 data to determine if a component is running within the normal range, below a minimum value, or above a maximum value, or a rate of change or frequency towards a limit.
  • If the comparator 602 determines the component is running below a minimum value, for the case wherein this is not allowed, the comparator 602 will trigger the indicator module 604 to indicate preventative maintenance. For the case where this is allowed for a period of time, or for a predefined number of occurrences without damage, then the comparator 602 checks the history 608 module to determine the frequency information and data to see if the maximum frequency has been exceeded and trigger the indicator module 604 to indicate preventative maintenance.
  • If the comparator 602 determines the component is running above a maximum value, for the case wherein this is not allowed, the comparator 602 will trigger the indicator module 604 to indicate preventative maintenance. For the case where this is allowed for a period of time, or for a predefined number of occurrences, then the comparator 602 checks the history 608 module to determine the frequency information to see if the maximum frequency has been exceeded and trigger the indicator module 604 to indicate preventative maintenance.
  • The indicator 604 module may send preventative maintenance information to the human machine interface screen, to a central customer computer system, or to a remote manufacturer computer system or customer service computer system. The computer system communicates through a network (wire or wireless), the internet, or an intranet. Preventative maintenance information includes, but is not limited to, customer identification, molding system identification, component identification, dates, and real time operational parameters.
  • The history module 608 receives real time operational parameters 606. The history module 608 builds and maintains a frequency 624 database. For example, number of times, or length of time a component may be operating below the minimum value or above the maximum value. The history module 608 also contains the limit information for the system, sub-systems, components and parts. The history 608 module also builds and maintains a trends 610 database. The trends 610 database contains trend data with respect to the operation of the molding system 100.
  • The updater 614 module maintains the real time threshold status 616 database and may modify the real time threshold status 616 database.
  • Initially, the manufacturer of a component, part, system, or sub-system provides the initial and present tense operational data such as the minimum real time threshold operational limits, the maximum real time threshold operational limits, and the normal operational range. Optionally for the minimum and maximum limits, an amount of time, or an accumulated amount of time, or a frequency of occurrence may be provided to understand when a component has been damaged, but will continue to work for some limited amount of time without immediate failure. In addition, the system indicates trends towards a failure as well as failure when it occurs. For example, a drive may be operated at maximum horse power rating for 5 minutes and 75% of maximum power continuously without damage. But, if the drive is operated a maximum horse power for 8 minutes, it will be damaged but not necessarily to the point of immediate failure. Preventative maintenance is therefore required before failure of the drive.
  • However, once the molding system 100 has been in operational use, the future tense of operational data may change. For example, if a particular customer is known to operate the molding system 100 aggressively, the history of customer data 620 may modify the operational data to different limits for preventative maintenance. The updater 614 is adaptive and may modify the operational data based upon the customer data 620.
  • The future operational data may also change based upon a geographic location. For example, if a molding system is located in a high humidity or high altitude environment, the geographic location data 622 may modify the operational data to different limits for preventative maintenance. The updater 614 may modify the operational data based upon the geographic data 622.
  • The updater module 614 also receives data from the frequency module 624 and the trends module 610 and is adaptive to the environment to modify the data based upon real time use of the molding system 100. For example, if an upper temperature limit was thought to be 400 degrees but later determined through use of the molding system 100 to be 350 degrees, then the real time threshold status 616 data would be updated accordingly. In addition, the updater module 614 takes customer data and geographic data to build a repository of system and component intelligence. This intelligence includes the same model of molding systems operated at different customer locations by different customers in different geographic locations.
  • The update module 614, associated logic, circuitry, and data may be located or integrated with component parts as well as the complete molding system. For example, a first updater module 614 may be located with a mold. A second updater module 614 could be located with a hot runner. A third updater module 614 could be located with a power pack 110. Then, the real time threshold status 616 information stays with the associated system, sub-system, or component part. If a mold 104 is removed from production, it can be re-introduced back into production with the last known operational data. In addition, if a hot runner 106 has to be refurbished, it contains the last known operational data.
  • Preventative Maintenance Indicator System:
  • The comparator 602, real time operational parameter 606 data, sensors 612, and real time threshold operational limit 616 data may be combined to form a preventative maintenance Indicator System.
  • In an embodiment of the invention the indicator system includes a comparator 602, at least one real time threshold operational limit 616 data, and sensors 612. The sensors provide at least one real time operational parameter 606 data. The comparator 602 comparing the at least one real time operational parameter 606 data with the at least one real time threshold operational limit 616 data to indicate operational status. The comparator indicating an out of tolerance condition if the operational status is either below a minimum real time operational limit or above a maximum real time threshold operational limit.
  • Additionally, historical data of real time operational parameters 608 may be available to the comparator 602.
  • In an embodiment of the invention, the indicator system includes a method for sampling at least one real time operational parameter 606 data from at least one sensor 612 of a molding system. Comparing the at least one real time operational parameter 606 data with at least one real time threshold operational limit 616 data to indicate operational status.
  • If the operational status is below a minimum real time threshold operational limit, the comparator further determines if this is not allowed or if a maximum limit has been reached and indicates preventative maintenance. In addition, if the operational status is above a maximum real time threshold operational limit, the comparator further determines if this is not allowed, or if a maximum limit has been reached and indicates preventative maintenance.
  • Threshold operational limit data may include at least one maximum limit and/or one minimum limit. These limits may be based upon units of time, frequency of occurrence, or other pre-defined molding system parameters.
  • The real time operational parameter 606 data and the real time operational threshold limit 616 data may include: voltages, currents, pressures, temperatures, humidity, acidity, alkinity, stress values, strain values, alignment information, viscosity, or molded part quality, amongst others. Additionally, the real time threshold operational limit data may include at least one of a normal operational range value, a minimum limit value, or a maximum limit value, amongst others.
  • The comparator 602 may indicate preventative maintenance for at least one of a molding system, a subsystem of the molding system, a component part of the molding system, auxiliary or supply systems to the molding system, injection unit, power pack, clamp, mold, hot or cold half of the mold, or the hot runner.
  • The real time threshold limit 616 data may pertain to at least one of the following, a particular customer, a geographic location, multiple customers, or multiple geographic locations.
  • Preventative Maintenance Update System:
  • The updater 614, history 608 data, frequency 624 data, trends 610 data, manufacturer 618 data, customer 620 data, and geographic location 622 data may be combined to form a preventative maintenance update system. This system keeps the real time threshold status 616 data up to date and current.
  • In an embodiment of the invention the apparatus for updating preventative maintenance data of a molding system includes an updater 614, and a real time threshold status 616 data. The updater having access to categories of history 608 data and the updater providing periodic updates to the real time threshold status 616 data. The updater may determine which categories are applied to update the real time threshold status 616 data. Access to history 608 data may be remote access, local access, or global access. The updater may modify at least one data parameter of the normal operational range value, or a minimum limit value, or a maximum limit value.
  • In an embodiment of the invention, the method for updating preventative maintenance data of a molding system includes receiving real time operational parameter 616 data and storing as history 608 data. Sorting the history 608 data into categories. Sending real time periodic updates to real time threshold status 616 data.
  • The apparatus for updating preventative maintenance data of a molding system may be located with one of the following to include: molding system, power pack, injection unit, clamp, mold, hot half, cold half, hot runner, control system, or a molding system component. There may be one apparatus for updating preventative maintenance data of a molding system or a plurality of apparatus for updating preventative maintenance data of a molding system distributed around the system as previously described.
  • The categories of history 608 data may include at least one of frequency 624 data, trends 610 data, manufacturer 618 data, and plurality of manufacturer 618 data, customer data 620, plurality of customer's 620 data, geographic location 622 data, and plurality of geographic location 622 data.
  • Referring now to FIG. 7, the preventative maintenance system 600 is further described. As previously stated, the indicator 604 module may send preventative maintenance information to a customer system 702 or a manufacturer (or customer service provider) having a predictive maintenance 700 capability. This event may occur from a plurality of customers, a plurality of molding systems 100, or a plurality of geographic locations. Optionally, the customer 702 may in turn provide the preventative maintenance information to the manufacturer for analysis and resolution.
  • Upon receipt of preventative maintenance information, a general practitioner 714 customer service representative may become involved to assess the problem and take corrective action. If a general practioner 714 customer service representatives cannot resolve the problem nor take corrective action, then a specialist 718 customer service representative may become involved to assess the problem, assess the symptoms, and perform a root cause analysis to take corrective action or provide recommendations or actions to adjust the molding system process parameters. Optionally, both the general practitioner 714 and the specialist 718 have access to customer's molding systems 100 through a remote control and diagnostic system 716 such as the Husky® ServiceLink™ technology. The ServiceLink™ technology provides a connection from a remote computer through a network/internet connection into the Polaris® molding system 100 control system.
  • A service scheduler 702 receives the preventative information from the preventative maintenance 700 module. This may occur automatically to schedule preventative maintenance or may occur as a result of a customer service representative. The service scheduler 702 attempts to align preventative service with known customer down time or service time. For example, fit preventative service into known gaps in production cycles, or within scheduled down times. Essentially, create a match between the service provider and the customer when the service provider has personnel and parts ready at the same time the customer is not in an active production run.
  • Service events and planning include upgrades, a change part date, scheduled service, and production cycle scheduled down time.
  • In summary, when an out of tolerance condition is detected by the comparator 602 which could lead to an instability or failure of the molding system 100, preventative maintenance of this issue is scheduled into the next available service event.
  • A parts system 708 also receives preventative maintenance information. The parts system 708 ensures an available supply of parts through inventory management 712. In addition, an inventory location 710 module ensures parts are either stored in a central repository, or a distributed repository based upon the geographic or customer information provided with the preventative maintenance information. The inventory management 712 module may also interact with other vendors and supply chain management software to better predict a supply of spare parts based upon the frequency and trend data available in the preventative maintenance information.
  • A business system 706 provides the necessary financial and business level support as a result of the customer service and spare parts activity with a customer.
  • Preventative Maintenance System
  • The preventative maintenance 700 logic, business system logic 706, service scheduler 702 logic and parts system 708 logic may be grouped to form a preventative maintenance system for a molding system.
  • In an embodiment of the invention, the preventative maintenance 700 logic may communicate an indication for preventative maintenance to a general practioner 714 for resolution. The general practioner 714 in turn may transfer the indication for preventative maintenance to a specialist. Alternatively, the preventative maintenance 700 log may communicate an indication for preventative maintenance directly to a specialist 718.
  • Both the general practioner 714 and specialist 718 may have access to remote control 716 logic for inspecting, or resolving the need for preventative maintenance. Confirmation may be passed back to the preventative maintenance 700 logic.
  • The preventative maintenance 700 logic may communicate with business system 706 logic for invoicing and billing.
  • The preventative maintenance 700 logic may also communicate with service scheduler 702 logic to schedule service. Scheduling service may be based upon fit into a service provider's schedule, or fit to a customer schedule, or fit to a per-determined existing customer maintenance schedule, or fit to availability of service personnel, or fit to the availability of service parts.
  • The preventative maintenance 700 logic may also communicate with parts management logic to manage parts inventory with either a central parts inventory or a distributed parts inventory.
  • In an embodiment of the invention, the method for real time preventative maintenance of a molding system includes indicating an out of tolerance condition based upon a real time operational status, and creating a notice for preventative maintenance.
  • The notice of preventative maintenance may be communicated directly to either a customer system of a service provider system. The customer system in turn may communicate with the service provider system.
  • The preventative maintenance system may send communications to either a general practioner or a specialist for resolution. Either of the general practioner or specialist may have remote access and control of the molding system for conducting a preventative maintenance inspection and they may communicate the need for preventative maintenance.
  • The preventative maintenance system may communicate with a service scheduler to schedule maintenance. The scheduler may determine a fit to a service provider's schedule, or fit to a customer schedule, or a pre-determined existing maintenance schedule, or fit to availability of service personnel, or fit to availability of service parts.
  • The preventative maintenance system may communicate with a parts system for inventory management to provide a central parts inventory or a distributed parts inventory.
  • The preventative maintenance system may also communicate with a business system for invoicing and billing.
  • In an embodiment of the invention, the real time preventative maintenance system 600 is embodied in the control system 114 of a molding system 100. Alternatively, it may be embodied as a stand alone system at a customer's factory. Alternatively, it may be embodied as a stand alone system at an equipment manufacturer's site providing customer service. Alternatively, it may be partially embodied in the control system 114 of a molding system 100 and interacting with other software systems distributed at a customer site or a manufacturer's site. The real time preventative maintenance system 600 may be implemented in hardware, firmware, software or a combination of hardware, firmware, and software. Persons skilled in the art will also appreciate that the preventative maintenance system 600 may be a single integrated system, or a distributed system, with one or many software/firmware modules, with one or many hardware components and one or many integrated or separate databases.
  • In another embodiment of the invention, the real time preventative maintenance system 600 is a data processing system that generates a preventative maintenance notice indicating an out of tolerance condition of a real time operational status of a molding system. The data processing system may further include a generating module for generating a preventative maintenance notice indicating an out of tolerance condition of a real time operational status of a molding system.
  • In another embodiment of the invention, there is an article of manufacture for directing a data processing system, including a program-usable medium embodying one or more instructions executable by the data processing system. The one or more instructions include data processing system executable instructions for directing the data processing system to generate a preventative maintenance notice indicating an out of tolerance condition of a real time operational status of a molding system.
  • The description of the exemplary embodiments provides examples of the present invention, and these examples do not limit the scope of the present invention. It is understood that the scope of the present invention is limited by the claims. Having thus described the exemplary embodiments, it will be apparent that modifications and enhancements are possible without departing from the concepts as described.

Claims (43)

1. A method of real time preventative maintenance of a molding system comprising the steps of:
indicating an out of tolerance condition based upon a real time operational status of said molding system, and
creating a notice for preventative maintenance.
2. A method as in claim 1 wherein said notice for preventative maintenance is based upon said real time operational status that is below an absolute minimum real time threshold operational limit.
3. A method as in claim 1 wherein said notice for preventative maintenance is based upon a real time operational status that is below a minimum real time threshold operational limit and has reached the maximum accumulated duration for being below said real time threshold operational limit.
4. A method as in claim 1 wherein said notice for preventative maintenance is based upon said real time operational status that is above an absolute maximum real time threshold operational limit.
5. A method as in claim 1 wherein said notice for preventative maintenance is based upon a real time operational status that is above a maximum real time threshold operational limit and has reached the maximum accumulated duration for being above said real time threshold operational limit.
6. A method as in claims 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 wherein said notice of preventative maintenance is communicated to a customer system.
7. A method as in claim 6 wherein said customer system communicates said notice of preventative maintenance to a preventative maintenance system.
8. A method as in claims 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 wherein said notice of preventative maintenance is communicated directly to a preventative maintenance system.
9. A method as in claim 8 wherein said preventative maintenance system communicates said notice of preventative maintenance to a general practioner for resolution.
10. A method as in claim 9 wherein said general practioner communicates said notice of preventative maintenance to a specialist.
11. A method as in claim 8 wherein said preventative maintenance system communicates said notice of preventative maintenance to a specialist.
12. A method as in claims 9, 10, or 11 further including remotely controlling said molding system and remotely conducting a preventative maintenance inspection.
13. A method as in claim 9, 10, or 11 further including remotely controlling said molding system and remotely resolving said preventative maintenance.
14. A method as in claim 9, 10, or 11 further communicating the need for preventative maintenance.
15. A method as in claim 8 wherein said preventative maintenance system communicates with s service scheduler to schedule preventative maintenance.
16. A methods as in claim 15 wherein said service scheduler determines a fit to a service provider's schedule.
17. A method as in claim 15 wherein said service scheduler determines a fit to a customer schedule.
18. A method as in claim 17 wherein said fit to a customer schedule is a pre-determined existing maintenance schedule.
19. A method as in claim 15 wherein said service scheduler determines a fit to availability of service personnel.
20. A method as in claim 16 wherein said service scheduler determines a fit to availability of service parts.
21. A method as in claim 8 wherein said preventative maintenance system communicates with a parts system.
22. A method as in claim 21 wherein said parts system provides inventory management.
23. A method as in claim 21 wherein said parts system provides a central parts inventory.
24. A method as in claim 22 wherein said parts system provides a distributed parts inventory.
25. A method as in claim 8 wherein said preventative maintenance system communicates with a business system for invoicing and billing.
26. An apparatus for real time preventative maintenance of a molding system comprising:
preventative maintenance logic,
business system logic,
service scheduling logic, and
parts management logic,
said preventative maintenance logic capable of receiving an indication for preventative maintenance based upon a real time operational status of said molding system under at least one of the following conditions, or any combination or permutation thereof:
(a) said operational status is below an absolute minimum real time threshold operation limit,
(b) said operational status is below a minimum real time threshold operational limit and has reached the maximum accumulated duration for being below said real time threshold operational limit,
(c) said operational status is above an absolute maximum real time threshold operational limit, or
(d) said operational status is above a maximum real time threshold operational limit and has reached the maximum accumulated duration for being above said real time threshold operational limit.
27. An apparatus as in claim 26 wherein said preventative logic communicates said indication for preventative maintenance to a general practioner for resolution.
28. An apparatus as in claim 27 wherein said general practioner transfers said indication for preventative maintenance to a specialist.
29. An apparatus as in claim 26 wherein said preventative logic communicates said indication for preventative maintenance to a specialist for resolution.
30. An apparatus as in claims 27, 28, or 29 further comprising:
a remote control system for remotely accessing and controlling said molding system for conducting a preventative maintenance inspection.
31. An apparatus as in claims 27, 28, or 29 further comprising:
a remote control system for remotely accessing and controlling said molding system for resolution of said preventative maintenance.
32. An apparatus as in claims 27, 28, or 29 wherein said general practioner or said specialist communicates and confirms the need for preventative maintenance back to said preventative maintenance logic.
33. An apparatus as in claim 28 wherein said preventative maintenance logic communicates with said business system logic for invoicing and billing.
34. An apparatus as in claim 28 wherein said preventative maintenance logic communicates with said service scheduling logic to determine a fit into a service provider's schedule.
35. An apparatus as in claim 28 wherein said preventative maintenance logic communicates with said service scheduling logic to determine a fit to a customer schedule.
36. An apparatus as in claim 35 wherein said fit to a customer schedule is a pre-determined existing maintenance schedule.
37. An apparatus as in claim 28 wherein said preventative maintenance logic communicates with said service scheduling logic to determine a fit to availability of service personnel.
38. An apparatus as in claim 28 wherein said preventative maintenance logic communicates with said service scheduling logic to determine a fit to availability of service parts.
39. An apparatus as in claim 28. wherein said preventative maintenance logic communicates with said parts management logic.
40. An apparatus as in claim 29 wherein said parts management logic provides inventory management.
41. An apparatus as in claim 29 wherein said parts management logic provides a central parts inventory.
42. An apparatus as in claim 29 wherein said parts management logic provides a distributed parts inventory.
43. A method of real time preventative maintenance of a molding system comprising:
generating a network-transmlssible notice indicating an out of tolerance condition of a real time operational status of a molding system, and transmitting the network-transmissible notice on a network to a receiver of said notice.
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CN 200780022514 CN101472724B (en) 2006-06-16 2007-06-15 Preventative maintenance system
PCT/CA2007/001078 WO2007143855A1 (en) 2006-06-16 2007-06-15 Preventative maintenance system
EP07719994A EP2035208B1 (en) 2006-06-16 2007-06-15 Preventative maintenance system
CN201210145068.XA CN102672932B (en) 2006-06-16 2007-06-15 Preventive Maintenance System
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DE202007019440U DE202007019440U1 (en) 2006-06-16 2007-06-15 Preventive maintenance system
US11/763,460 US9975172B2 (en) 2006-06-16 2007-06-15 Preventative maintenance system
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TW200809665A (en) 2008-02-16
WO2007143811A1 (en) 2007-12-21
US9975172B2 (en) 2018-05-22
WO2007143855A1 (en) 2007-12-21
EP2035208A1 (en) 2009-03-18
CN102672932B (en) 2016-08-03
CN102672932A (en) 2012-09-19
CA2653178A1 (en) 2007-12-21
EP2035208A4 (en) 2009-07-01
US20070294121A1 (en) 2007-12-20
CA2653178C (en) 2011-10-11
TWI351347B (en) 2011-11-01

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