US20070246795A1 - Dual depth shallow trench isolation and methods to form same - Google Patents

Dual depth shallow trench isolation and methods to form same Download PDF

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US20070246795A1
US20070246795A1 US11/409,356 US40935606A US2007246795A1 US 20070246795 A1 US20070246795 A1 US 20070246795A1 US 40935606 A US40935606 A US 40935606A US 2007246795 A1 US2007246795 A1 US 2007246795A1
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rf power
periphery
trenches
array
trench
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Xiaolong Fang
Ramakanth Alapati
Tuman Allen
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Micron Technology Inc
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Micron Technology Inc
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L27/00Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate
    • H01L27/02Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier
    • H01L27/04Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body
    • H01L27/10Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration
    • H01L27/105Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration including field-effect components
    • H01L27/112Read-only memory structures [ROM] and multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L27/115Electrically programmable read-only memories; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/70Manufacture or treatment of devices consisting of a plurality of solid state components formed in or on a common substrate or of parts thereof; Manufacture of integrated circuit devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/71Manufacture of specific parts of devices defined in group H01L21/70
    • H01L21/76Making of isolation regions between components
    • H01L21/762Dielectric regions, e.g. EPIC dielectric isolation, LOCOS; Trench refilling techniques, SOI technology, use of channel stoppers
    • H01L21/76224Dielectric regions, e.g. EPIC dielectric isolation, LOCOS; Trench refilling techniques, SOI technology, use of channel stoppers using trench refilling with dielectric materials
    • H01L21/76229Concurrent filling of a plurality of trenches having a different trench shape or dimension, e.g. rectangular and V-shaped trenches, wide and narrow trenches, shallow and deep trenches
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L27/00Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate
    • H01L27/02Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier
    • H01L27/04Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body
    • H01L27/10Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration
    • H01L27/105Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration including field-effect components
    • H01L27/1052Memory structures and multistep manufacturing processes therefor not provided for in groups H01L27/1055 - H01L27/112
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L27/00Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate
    • H01L27/02Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier
    • H01L27/04Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body
    • H01L27/10Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration
    • H01L27/105Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration including field-effect components
    • H01L27/112Read-only memory structures [ROM] and multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L27/115Electrically programmable read-only memories; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L27/11517Electrically programmable read-only memories; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor with floating gate
    • H01L27/11526Electrically programmable read-only memories; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor with floating gate characterised by the peripheral circuit region
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L27/00Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate
    • H01L27/02Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier
    • H01L27/04Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body
    • H01L27/10Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration
    • H01L27/105Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration including field-effect components
    • H01L27/112Read-only memory structures [ROM] and multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L27/115Electrically programmable read-only memories; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L27/11517Electrically programmable read-only memories; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor with floating gate
    • H01L27/11526Electrically programmable read-only memories; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor with floating gate characterised by the peripheral circuit region
    • H01L27/11531Simultaneous manufacturing of periphery and memory cells
    • H01L27/11534Simultaneous manufacturing of periphery and memory cells including only one type of peripheral transistor
    • H01L27/11543Simultaneous manufacturing of periphery and memory cells including only one type of peripheral transistor with a tunnel dielectric layer also being used as part of the peripheral transistor

Abstract

Trench isolation structures and methods to form same for use in the manufacture of semiconductor devices are described. The trench isolation structures are formed using several processing schemes that utilize disclosed dry etching processes to form a significant depth A between an array trench depth and a periphery trench depth. One etching method creates a trench delta depth utilizing a single dry etch step, while two other etching methods create a trench A depth by utilizing three dry etch steps.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention relates to semiconductor fabrication processing and, more particularly, to fabrication methods for forming dual depth trench isolation in semiconductor devices, such as semiconductor flash memory devices.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Semiconductor devices, such as memory devices, use field effect transistors (FETs) to create the integrated circuits required during the fabrication of complimentary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) devices on a semiconductor wafer or other substrate. The fabrication of CMOS devices require advanced isolation techniques to create isolation between neighboring FETs.
  • One conventional isolation technique known as shallow trench isolation (STI) is used where a trench is etched into a silicon substrate and the trench is filled with an oxide insulator material and planarized. The STI then functions as isolation between subsequently formed FETs and provides many desirable circuit device properties.
  • However, the current STI techniques also possess some disadvantages. For example, FIG. 1 depicts a current STI dry etch process used to fabricate a flash device. FIG. 1 shows array section 10 and periphery section 11 on substrate 12. In array section 10, trenches 12 have been etched into substrate 12 and in periphery section 11, trenches 14 have been etched into substrate 12. At this point, the current technique is to form a mask over array section 10 and a subsequent etch step is performed on periphery section 11 to increase the depth of trenches 14. In this example, the resulting depth A between the depth of array trenches 12 and periphery trenches 14 is only approximately 380 Å and as indicated, to create the depth A between trenches 12 and 14 an additional mask step and etch step are required that increase production cost of the device and possibly limit the electrical properties of the device.
  • Accordingly, STI formation techniques are needed that will improve the electrical property of CMOS devices and also reduce production costs.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view depicting a semiconductor substrate with trenches formed therein using a convention STI formation technique.
  • FIG. 2 depicts a first exemplary implementation of the present invention showing a cross-sectional view of a semiconductor substrate having an array section and a periphery section with trenches formed therein where the side wall slope of the array trench is set such that a desired trench depth in the array section and a desired trench depth the periphery section are obtained.
  • FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view following FIG. 2 depicting the resulting trenches after a dry etch step of the present invention is performed to create the desired trench depths in the array section and the periphery section.
  • FIG. 4 depicts a second exemplary implementation of the present invention showing a cross-sectional view of a semiconductor substrate having an array section and a periphery section with trenches formed therein after a first dry etch step is performed that stops at a polysilicon layer in the array section, but stops at a layer used as an etch stop layer in the periphery section.
  • FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view following FIG. 4 taken after a second dry etch is performed to selectively etch oxide in the periphery section and, in turn, deposit a polymer on the silicon surfaces of the trenches in both the array and periphery sections.
  • FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view following FIG. 5 taken after a conventional trench dry etch is performed to remove polymer and achieve a desired trench depth in the array section and a desired trench depth the periphery section.
  • FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 6 depicting the resulting trenches after a conventional trench dry etch step is performed to create the desired trench depths in the array section and the periphery section.
  • FIG. 8 depicts a third exemplary implementation of the present invention showing a cross-sectional view of a semiconductor substrate having an array section and a periphery section with trenches formed therein at desired depths by a first dry etch step.
  • FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view following FIG. 8 taken after a second dry etch is performed to increase the trench depth in both the array section and in the periphery section and, in turn, deposit a polymer on the silicon surfaces of the trenches in both the array and periphery sections.
  • FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view following FIG. 9 showing a kink induced by the second dry etch step of FIG. 9.
  • FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 10 depicting the resulting trenches after a specific break-through etch step is performed to remove any polymer deposited in the bottom of the trenches and to remove an induced kink shown in FIG. 10.
  • FIG. 12 is a simplified block diagram of a semiconductor system comprising a processor and a memory device to which the present invention may be applied.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • In the following description, the terms “wafer” and “substrate” are to be understood as a semiconductor-based material including silicon, silicon-on-insulator (SOI) or silicon-on-sapphire (SOS) technology, doped and undoped semiconductors, epitaxial layers of silicon supported by a base semiconductor foundation, and other semiconductor structures. Furthermore, when reference is made to a “wafer” or “substrate” in the following description, previous process steps may have been utilized to form regions or junctions in or over the base semiconductor structure or foundation. In addition, the semiconductor need not be silicon-based, but may be based on silicon-germanium, silicon-on-insulator, silicon-on-sapphire, germanium, or gallium arsenide, among others.
  • Exemplary implementations of the present invention directed to processes for forming trench isolation between active devices in a semiconductor assembly, such as a flash memory device, are depicted in FIG. 2-11 and a general application of each exemplary implementation as depicted in FIG. 12.
  • A first exemplary implementation of the present invention is depicted in FIGS. 2 and 3. Referring now to the cross-sectional view of FIG. 2, a semiconductor substrate 20, such as a silicon substrate, is prepared for semiconductor device fabrication. Semiconductor substrate 20 is divided into an array section 21 and a periphery section 22. Array trenches 23 and periphery trenches 24 are etched into semiconductor substrate 20 by performing a dry etch process designed such that the side wall slope 25 at the base of the array trenches 23 is set such that a desired trench depth in the array section 21 and a desired trench depth in the periphery section 22 are obtained. The dry etch process is set so that the array trenches 23 will close the trench and thus form a desired trench depth in both the array section 21 and the periphery section 22 while maintaining the desired critical dimension (CD) of a given fabrication process.
  • FIG. 3 depicts the resulting trenches after an initial dry etch, known to one skilled in the art, is used to form the upper portion of the trenches having substantially vertical sidewalls by performing the initial dry etch dry etch process operated at 5-60 mTorr, 200-1000 W top RF power plasma etcher (to create plasma), 100-600 W bottom RF power (to create a bias voltage to direct ions to the substrate), using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2, having a flow ratio of approximately 20:2:(0-2), applied in an RF plasma etcher, such as a Transformer Coupled Plasma (TCP) etcher chamber.
  • Next, a dry etch step of the present invention is performed to create the desired trench depth in array section 21 and periphery section 22 which also results in a desirable trench A depth 30 (the difference between depths of array trenches 23 and periphery trenches 24). As an example, in the first exemplary implementation of the present invention, the designed dry etch process was operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power plasma etcher (to create plasma), 100-500 W bottom RF power (to create a bias voltage to direct ions to the substrate), using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2, having a flow ratio of approximately 12:2:(3-5), applied in an RF plasma etcher, such as a Transformer Coupled Plasma (TCP) etcher chamber.
  • A preferred exemplary implementation of forming the v-shaped trench the etch process comprised utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 30 mTorr+/−10 mTorr, 800 W+/−200 W top RF power, 300 W+/−100 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2 having a flow of HBr: 120 sccm+/−20 sccm, Cl2: 25 sccm+/−10 sccm, CH2F2: 30 sccm+/−10 sccm. The preferred etch to form the v-shaped trench allows for various combinations of the etching parameters to achieve the desired result of a v-shaped trench, that becomes self-limiting as the base of the trench basically causes this etch to stop at the tip of the v-shaped trench (defined as the vortex of the v-shaped trench).
  • In the above example, trench Δ depth 30 of approximately 2120 Å is obtained with an etching time of approximately 35-52 seconds. A main advantage provided by the designed etch is the fact that the trench Δ depth between the periphery and the array is controllable.
  • A major significance of obtaining a substantial trench Δ depth (2120 Å in this example, but again the Δ depth is controllable) will improve the electrical property in a neighboring periphery and array active device, as in the periphery the active device, having a thicker gate oxide (approximately 350 Å, compared to approximately 75 Å gate oxide thickness for the array active device), is activated by a high voltage of approximately 20V and thus requires better isolation, which is provided by the trench depth in the periphery as developed by the present invention.
  • Finally, as further depicted in FIG. 3, array trenches 23 and periphery trenches 24 are filled with an isolation material, such as an oxide that is planarized using techniques know to one skilled in the art, to form dual trench isolation comprising array trench isolation 31 and periphery trench isolation 32.
  • FIGS. 4-7 depict a second exemplary implementation of the present invention. Referring now to the cross-sectional view of FIG. 4, a semiconductor substrate 40, such as a silicon substrate, having an array section 41 and a periphery section 42 is depicted. A pad oxide 41 is formed on each substrate 40 in array section 41 and periphery section 42. The thickness pad oxide 41 differs in the array section and the periphery section, which is a common occurrence resulting from conventional fabrication processes.
  • This exemplary implementation of the present invention takes advantage of the pad oxide thickness difference by first using a dry etch step to form array trenches 45 and periphery trenches 46 into polysilicon material 44. The etch stops in the array section before clearing the polysilicon material at the base of the array trenches 45, but clears the polysilicon material at the base of the periphery trench 46 and stops on pad oxide layer 43 in the periphery section. This etch is a conventional dry etch know to one skilled in the art, such as a general dry etch process operated at 5-50 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 50-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of CF4/He/CH2F2 with a flow ratio of 2:4:(0-1) that is applied in an RF plasma etcher.
  • Referring now to FIG. 5, a second dry etch is performed to selectively etch oxide 43 at the bottom of periphery trench 46 while depositing a polymer 50 on the bottom polysilicon of array trench 45. Due to the generally anisotropic ion bombardment, polymer 50 is also deposited on the side walls of polysilicon surfaces 44 and along the side walls of oxide layer 43 of the trenches in periphery 42 section. A polymer 50 is also deposited on the sidewalls and on the bottom of array trenches 45 (regardless of whether the side walls are polysilicon or some other material) due to the anisotropic nature of the dry etch providing less ion bombardment along the side walls.
  • As an example, in the second exemplary implementation of the present invention the dry etch process was operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of O2/He/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 3:7:60, applied in an RF plasma etcher.
  • A following etch step with a plasma chemistry of high selectivity between silicon to oxide, which would stop on oxide layer 43 or etch very slowly through the oxide layer 43 in array section while etching into the silicon substrate much faster in trench 46 at periphery section. This selective etch step would clear polymer 50 deposited earlier at the bottoms of both the array and periphery trenches. For example, in the array section, at array trench 45, the etch would clear polymer 50 from the bottom and then etch into polysilicon, but would stop or etch through the oxide layer 43 much slower then it etches the silicon substrate in the periphery section at periphery trench 46 (due to the chemistry etching silicon at a much higher rate than oxide). The side wall polymer 50 at both array and periphery would be consumed slowly since the dry etch process has a relatively lower etch rate in lateral direction than in vertical direction.
  • Referring now to FIG. 6, an effective dry etch process was operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/O2/He having a flow rate of approximately 20:(0-3):5, applied in an RF plasma etcher. In this example, additional trench
    Figure US20070246795A1-20071025-P00900
    depth 51 between periphery trench 46 and array trench 45 is obtained by two ways: the additional thickness of the thicker oxide layer 43 at periphery section 42 by selectively clearing the oxide before the etch continues into silicon substrate 40 at both array section 41 and periphery section 42; and/or by manipulating the selectivity of the dry etch chemistries of subsequent dry etch steps that would allow etching into silicon substrate 40 in periphery section 42 but would stop etching at oxide layer 43 in array section 41. Both methods would give controllable depth
    Figure US20070246795A1-20071025-P00900
    between periphery trench 46 and array trench 45. In the later scenario, another two steps might be necessary to break through the oxide layer 43 at array section 41 and thus etch into the silicon substrate 40 to a desired depth for array trench 45 at array section 41.
  • FIG. 7 depicts the resulting trenches after the three step dry etch process of the second exemplary implementation of present invention is performed to create the desired trench depth in array section 41 and periphery section 42 which also results in a desirable trench Δ depth 51 (again, the difference between depth of array trenches 41 and periphery trenches 42). Finally, as further depicted in FIG. 7, array trenches 45 and periphery trenches 46 are filled with an isolation material, such as an oxide that is planarized using techniques know to one skilled in the art, to form dual trench isolation comprising array trench isolation 71 and periphery trench isolation 72.
  • FIGS. 8-11 depict a third exemplary implementation of the present invention. Referring now to the cross-sectional view of FIG. 8, a semiconductor substrate 80, such as a silicon substrate, having an array section 81 and a periphery section 82 is depicted. Array trenches 83 and periphery trench 84 are etched into silicon substrate 80 to a desired depth by a conventional dry etch step know to one skilled in the art.
  • Referring now to FIG. 9, a second dry etch is performed to increase the trench depth in both array section 81 and in periphery section 82, and in turn deposit a polymer 90 on the silicon surfaces of the trenches in both the array 81 and periphery 82 sections. Polymer 90 coats the sidewalls of array trenches 83 and the sidewalls of periphery trench 83. Polymer 90 also covers the bottom of array trenches 83, but does not coat the bottom of periphery trench 84, due to the respective narrow versus wide trench widths of the two sections. The polymer eventually closes off (blocks) the narrower array trenches while the etch continues to increase the depth of the wider periphery trenches.
  • As an example, in the third exemplary implementation of the present invention the designed dry etch process was operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2, having a flow ratio of approximately 12:2:(3-5), applied in an RF plasma etcher. In this example, trench Δ depth bias between the array and the periphery becomes controllable without the need of another mask step as the array trenches 83 will become pinched off with polymer 90 while the periphery trench 84 will continue to be etched deeper into silicon substrate 80.
  • FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view following FIG. 9 showing a kink 100 that may be induced by the second dry etch step of FIG. 9. Kink 100 may appear in both the array section 81 and the periphery section 82 of FIG. 9. In order to address kink 100, a specific break-through etch step is performed to remove any remaining polymer 90 deposited in the bottom of the trenches and to remove the induced kink 100. As an example, the specific break-through etch step was operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of CF4/He/NF3, having a flow ratio of approximately 10:12:(1-2),applied in an RF plasma etcher.
  • FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view depicting the resulting array trenches 83 and periphery trench 84 after a specific break-through etch step was performed to remove any polymer remaining in the bottom of the trenches and to remove the induced kink 100 shown in FIG. 10. After the three step dry etch process of the third exemplary implementation of the present invention is performed to create the desired trench depth in array section 81 and periphery section 82, the process also results in a desirable trench Δ depth 110 (the difference between depth of array trenches 83 and periphery trenches 84). Finally, as further depicted in FIG. 11, array trenches 83 and periphery trenches 84 are filled with an isolation material, such as an oxide that is planarized using techniques know to one skilled in the art, to form dual trench isolation comprising array trench isolation 111 and periphery trench isolation 112.
  • In each exemplary implementation of the present invention, the approximation of the flow ratio of each etching chemistry may vary by 20 to 50%. Finally, in each exemplary implementation of the present invention, the semiconductor device is completed using conventional fabrication processes know to one skilled in the art.
  • FIG. 12 is a block diagram of a semiconductor flash memory device 122, representing a flash memory device comprising portions fabricated by the exemplary implementations of the present invention, which is coupled to a processor 121. The flash memory device 122 and the processor 121 may form part of an electronic system 120. The flash memory device 122 includes memory array 123 of non-volatile floating-gate memory cells arranged in banks of rows and columns. An address buffer circuit 124 is provided to latch address signals provided on address input connections A0-Ax 125. Address signals are received and decoded by row decoder 126 and column decoder 127 to access the memory array 123.
  • The flash memory device 122 reads data in the memory array 123 by sensing voltage or current changes in the memory array columns using sense/latch circuitry 128. Data input and output buffer circuitry 129 is included for bi-directional data communication over a plurality of data connections 130 with processor 121. Write circuitry 131 is provided to write data to memory array 123. Command control circuitry 132 decodes signals provided on control connections 133 from processor 121. These signals are used to control the operations of the flash memory device 122, including data read, data write and erase operations. The flash memory device illustrated has been simplified to facilitate a basis understanding thereof. A more detailed understanding of the internal circuitry and functions of flash memory devices are known to those skilled in the art.
  • It is to be understood that although the present invention has been described with reference to several preferred embodiments, various modifications, known to those skilled in the art, may be made to the process steps presented herein without departing from the invention as recited in the several claims appended hereto.

Claims (37)

1. A fabrication process for forming dual depth trenches in a semiconductor memory device, the fabrication process comprising:
forming array trenches and periphery trenches into a semiconductor substrate by performing an etch process having a single dry etch step and which sets a side wall slope at the base of the array trenches to obtain a desired array trench depth and a desired the periphery trench depth so that the array trenches will close off at the base of the array trenches and the periphery trenches continue to be etched so that a trench Δ depth between the array trench depth and the periphery trench depth is obtained during the single dry etch step.
2. The fabrication process as recited in claim 1, wherein the etch process comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of 12:2:(3-5).
3. The fabrication process as recited in claim 1, wherein the etch process comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 12:2:(3-5), the flow ratio varying by 20%.
4. The fabrication process as recited in claim 1, wherein the etch process comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 12:2:(3-5), the flow ratio varying by 50%.
5. The fabrication process as recited in claim 1, wherein the etch process comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 30 mTorr+/−10 mTorr, 800 W+/−200 W top RF power, 300 W+/−100 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2 having a flow of HBr: 120 sccm+/−20 sccm, Cl2: 25 sccm+/−10 sccm, CH2F2: 30 sccm+/−10 sccm.
6. A fabrication process for forming dual depth trench isolation in a semiconductor memory device, the fabrication process comprising:
forming array trenches and periphery trenches into a semiconductor substrate by performing an etch process comprising a single dry etch step which sets the side wall slope at the base of the array trenches to obtain a desired array trench depth and a desired the periphery trench depth so that the array trenches will close off at the base of the array trenches and the periphery trenches continue to be etched so that a trench Δ depth between the array trench depth and the periphery trench depth is obtained during the single dry etch step; and
filling the array trenches and the periphery trenches with an isolation material.
7. The fabrication process as recited in claim 6, wherein the etch process comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of 12:2:(3-5).
8. The fabrication process as recited in claim 6, wherein the etch process comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 12:2:(3-5), the flow ratio varying by 20%.
9. The fabrication process as recited in claim 6, wherein the etch process comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 12:2:(3-5), the flow ratio varying by 50%.
10. The fabrication process as recited in claim 6, wherein the etch process comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 30 mTorr+/−10 mTorr, 800 W+/−200 W top RF power, 300 W+/−100 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/CL2/CH2F2 having a flow of HBr: 120 sccm+/−20 sccm, Cl2: 25 sccm+/−10 sccm, CH2F2: 30 sccm+/−10 sccm.
11. A fabrication process for forming dual depth trenches in a semiconductor memory device, the fabrication process comprising:
performing a first dry etch step to form array trenches and periphery trenches into a semiconductor substrate having a pad oxide formed thereon, the pad oxide being thicker in a periphery section than in an array section, the first dry etch step stopping in the array section before clearing a silicon material at the base of the array trenches, and clearing a silicon material at the base of the periphery trench and stopping on the pad oxide in the periphery section;
performing a second dry etch to selectively etch the pad oxide at the bottom of periphery trench while in turn depositing a polymer on the sidewalls of silicon surfaces of the periphery trenches while depositing a polymer on the sidewalls and on the bottom of array trenches; and
performing a third dry etch to remove the polymer from the sidewalls of array trenches and periphery trenches while etching into the semiconductor substrate in the array section and the periphery section to achieve a desired trench depth in the array section and a desired trench depth the periphery section, thus creating a desired trench Δ depth between the array trench depth and the periphery trench depth.
12. The fabrication process as recited in claim 11, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of O2/He/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of 3:7:60.
13. The fabrication process as recited in claim 11, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of O2/He/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 3:7:60, the flow ratio varying by 20%.
14. The fabrication process as recited in claim 11, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of O2/He/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 3:7:60, the flow ratio varying by 50%.
15. The fabrication process as recited in claim 11, wherein the third dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/O2/He having a flow rate of approximately 20:(0-3):5.
16. A fabrication process for forming dual depth trench isolation in a semiconductor memory device, the fabrication process comprising:
performing a first dry etch step to form array trenches and periphery trenches into a semiconductor substrate having a pad oxide formed thereon, the pad oxide being thicker in a periphery section than in an array section, the first dry etch step stopping in the array section before clearing a silicon material at the base of the array trenches, and clearing a silicon material at the base of the periphery trench and stopping on the pad oxide in the periphery section;
performing a second dry etch to selectively etch the pad oxide at the bottom of periphery trench while in turn depositing a polymer on the sidewalls of silicon surfaces of the periphery trenches while depositing a polymer on the sidewalls and on the bottom of array trenches;
performing a third dry etch to remove the polymer from the sidewalls of array trenches and periphery trenches while etching into semiconductor substrate in the array section and the periphery section to achieve a desired trench depth in the array section and a desired trench depth the periphery section, thus creating a desired trench Δ depth between the array trench depth and the periphery trench depth; and
filling the array trenches and the periphery trenches with an isolation material.
17. The fabrication process as recited in claim 16, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of O2/He/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of 3:7:60.
18. The fabrication process as recited in claim 16, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of O2/He/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 3:7:60, the flow ratio varying by 20%.
19. The fabrication process as recited in claim 16, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of O2/He/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 3:7:60, the flow ratio varying by 50%.
20. The fabrication process as recited in claim 16, wherein the third dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/O2/He having a flow rate of approximately 20:(0-3):5.
21. A fabrication process for forming dual depth trenches in a semiconductor memory device, the fabrication process comprising the steps of:
performing a first dry etch step to etch array trenches and a periphery trench into a silicon substrate to a desired depth;
performing a second dry etch is performed to increase the depth of the array trenches and the periphery trench while depositing a polymer on the sidewalls of the array trenches and the sidewalls of the periphery trench and covering the bottom of the array trenches but not the bottom of periphery trench to create a desired trench Δ depth between the array trench depth and the periphery trench depth; and
performing a third etch step to remove any remaining polymer deposited in the bottom of the array trenches and to remove any induced kinks from the sidewall of the periphery trenches.
22. The fabrication process as recited in claim 21, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/CL2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of 12:2:(3-5).
23. The fabrication process as recited in claim 21, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/CL2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 12:2:(3-5), the flow ratio varying by 20%.
24. The fabrication process as recited in claim 21, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/CL2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 12:2:(3-5), the flow ratio varying by 50%.
25. The fabrication process as recited in claim 21, wherein the third dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of CF4/He/NF3 having a flow ratio of approximately 10:12:(1-2).
26. The fabrication process as recited in claim 21, wherein the third dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of CF4/He/NF3 having a flow ratio of 10:12:(1-2).
27. The fabrication process as recited in claim 21, wherein the third dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of CF4/He/NF3 having a flow ratio of 10:12:(1-2), the flow ratio varying by 20%.
28. The fabrication process as recited in claim 21, wherein the third dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of CF4/He/NF3 having a flow ratio of 10:12:(1-2), the flow ratio varying by 50%.
29. A fabrication process for forming dual depth trenches in a semiconductor memory device, the fabrication process comprising the steps of:
performing a first dry etch step to etch array trenches and a periphery trench into a silicon substrate to a desired depth;
performing a second dry etch is performed to increase the depth of the array trenches and the periphery trench while depositing a polymer on the sidewalls of the array trenches and the sidewalls of the periphery trench and covering the bottom of the array trenches but not the bottom of the periphery trench to create a desired trench Δ depth between the array trench depth and the periphery trench depth;
performing a third etch step to remove any remaining polymer deposited in the bottom of the array trenches and to remove any induced kinks from the sidewall of the periphery trench; and
filling the array trenches and the periphery trenches with an isolation material.
30. The fabrication process as recited in claim 29, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of 12:2:(3-5).
31. The fabrication process as recited in claim 29, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 12:2:(3-5), the flow ratio varying by 20%.
32. The fabrication process as recited in claim 29, wherein the second dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of HBr/Cl2/CH2F2 having a flow ratio of approximately 12:2:(3-5), the flow ratio varying by 50%.
33. The fabrication process as recited in claim 29, wherein the third dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of CF4/He/NF3 having a flow ratio of 10:12:(1-2).
34. The fabrication process as recited in claim 29, wherein the third dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of CF4/He/NF3 having a flow ratio of 10:12:(1-2), the flow ratio varying by 20%.
35. The fabrication process as recited in claim 29, wherein the third dry etch step comprises utilizing an RF plasma etcher operated at 5-90 mTorr, 300-900 W top RF power, 100-500 W bottom RF power, using an etch chemistry of CF4/He/NF3 having a flow ratio of 10:12:(1-2), the flow ratio varying by 50%.
36. Dual depth trenches in a semiconductor memory device comprising:
array trenches and periphery trenches in a semiconductor substrate, the array trenches having sloped sidewalls that terminate at a v-shaped vortex; and
the periphery trenches having a depth greater than the array trenches.
37. Dual depth isolation structures in a semiconductor memory device comprising:
array isolation structures and periphery isolation structures in a semiconductor substrate, the array isolation structures having sloped sidewalls that terminate at a v-shaped vortex; and
the periphery isolation structures having a depth greater than the array isolation structures.
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