US20070105637A1 - Golf ball performance evaluation system - Google Patents

Golf ball performance evaluation system Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070105637A1
US20070105637A1 US11594124 US59412406A US2007105637A1 US 20070105637 A1 US20070105637 A1 US 20070105637A1 US 11594124 US11594124 US 11594124 US 59412406 A US59412406 A US 59412406A US 2007105637 A1 US2007105637 A1 US 2007105637A1
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Prior art keywords
golf ball
properties
hit
unit
golf
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
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US11594124
Inventor
Takuichi Shimizu
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Bridgestone Sports Co Ltd
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Bridgestone Sports Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B69/00Training appliances or apparatus for special sports
    • A63B69/36Training appliances or apparatus for special sports for golf
    • A63B69/3658Means associated with the ball for indicating or measuring, e.g. speed, direction
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B24/00Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances
    • A63B24/0003Analysing the course of a movement or motion sequences during an exercise or trainings sequence, e.g. swing for golf or tennis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B24/00Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances
    • A63B24/0021Tracking a path or terminating locations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B69/00Training appliances or apparatus for special sports
    • A63B69/36Training appliances or apparatus for special sports for golf
    • A63B69/3611Training appliances or apparatus for special sports for golf not used, see A63B69/36 and subgroups
    • A63B69/3614Training appliances or apparatus for special sports for golf not used, see A63B69/36 and subgroups using electro-magnetic, magnetic or ultrasonic radiation emitted, reflected or interrupted by the golf club
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S13/00Systems using the reflection or reradiation of radio waves, e.g. radar systems; Analogous systems using reflection or reradiation of waves whose nature or wavelength is irrelevant or unspecified
    • G01S13/02Systems using reflection of radio waves, e.g. primary radar systems; Analogous systems
    • G01S13/50Systems of measurement based on relative movement of target
    • G01S13/58Velocity or trajectory determination systems; Sense-of-movement determination systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B24/00Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances
    • A63B24/0021Tracking a path or terminating locations
    • A63B2024/0028Tracking the path of an object, e.g. a ball inside a soccer pitch
    • A63B2024/0031Tracking the path of an object, e.g. a ball inside a soccer pitch at the starting point
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B24/00Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances
    • A63B24/0021Tracking a path or terminating locations
    • A63B2024/0028Tracking the path of an object, e.g. a ball inside a soccer pitch
    • A63B2024/0034Tracking the path of an object, e.g. a ball inside a soccer pitch during flight
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2207/00Exercising or sporting devices provided with means enabling use in the dark
    • A63B2207/02Powered illuminating means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/05Image processing for measuring physical parameters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/10Positions
    • A63B2220/16Angular positions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/30Speed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/30Speed
    • A63B2220/34Angular speed
    • A63B2220/35Spin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/80Special sensors, transducers or devices therefor
    • A63B2220/805Optical or opto-electronic sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/80Special sensors, transducers or devices therefor
    • A63B2220/807Photo cameras
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/80Special sensors, transducers or devices therefor
    • A63B2220/89Field sensors, e.g. radar systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B43/00Balls with special arrangements
    • A63B43/008Balls with special arrangements with means for improving visibility, e.g. special markings or colours
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S13/00Systems using the reflection or reradiation of radio waves, e.g. radar systems; Analogous systems using reflection or reradiation of waves whose nature or wavelength is irrelevant or unspecified
    • G01S13/88Radar or analogous systems specially adapted for specific applications

Abstract

A golf ball performance evaluation system includes an initial properties analyzing unit for measuring and analyzing kinetic properties of a golf ball immediately after the golf ball is hit by a golf club, and an in-flight properties analyzing unit for measuring and analyzing kinetic properties of the golf ball hit by the golf club during a flight on its trajectory.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to a golf ball performance evaluation system and more particularly to a golf ball performance evaluation system for measuring and analyzing not only kinetic properties of a golf ball immediately after the golf ball is hit by a golf club but also kinetic properties of the golf ball which continues to fly on its trajectory (flying path) to draw a parabola.
  • 2. Description of the Related Art
  • conventionally, flying properties (flight properties) of a golf ball are measured and analyzed by actually hitting the golf ball with a golf club to obtain some properties of the golf ball such as speed (initial velocity), angle (hitting angle), spin amount and the like which result immediately after the golf ball is hit, and when required, a trajectory and distance of the golf ball so hit are calculated through simulation using the properties of the golf ball obtained as described above (for example, refer to JP-A-10-206451).
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The properties of the golf ball measured by the aforesaid conventional system immediately after the golf ball was hit are, however, initial kinetic properties of the golf ball which resulted within an extremely short distance or a flying distance of less than 1 m after the golf ball was hit. Therefore, for example, assuming that a distance from the golf ball hitting position to the landing point is 210 m (about 230 yards), it has been difficult to estimate the shape of the trajectory and the behavior of the golf ball as far as the landing point from the initial kinetic properties of the golf ball. In particular, it has been unable to accurately grasp the behavior of the golf ball which is flying high on its trajectory.
  • On the other hand, it is known that the flying properties of a solid golf ball largely depend on mainly the repulsive properties of a core portion and a cover portion which make up the golf ball and the aerodynamic property attributed to dimples formed on the cover. Based on an assumption that a golf ball having superior flying properties flies to draw a trajectory which matches such flying properties, it is necessary to grasp how the repulsive properties based on physical properties of the golf ball constituent materials and the aerodynamic property based on the surface configuration including the arrangement of dimples affect the kinetic properties of the golf ball resulting immediately after it is hit and the kinetic properties of the golf ball which result before and after a peak position of the trajectory as well as at the peak position. To make this happen, the two types of kinetic properties have needed to be analyzed simultaneously.
  • An object of the invention is to provide a golf ball performance evaluation system which can evaluate the performance of a golf ball accurately by continuously measuring kinetic properties of the golf ball immediately after the ball is hit and kinetic properties of the golf ball during a flight on its trajectory by individual measuring units and analyzing outputted information.
  • According to an aspect of the invention, there is provided a golf ball performance evaluation system including an initial properties analyzing unit for measuring and analyzing kinetic properties of a golf ball immediately after the golf ball is hit by a golf club and an in-flight properties analyzing unit for measuring and analyzing kinetic properties of the golf ball hit by the golf club during a flight on its trajectory.
  • In the invention, in the initial properties analyzing unit, as the kinetic properties of the golf ball resulting immediately after the golf ball is hit, for example, initial velocity, hitting angle (an upward angle relative to a horizontal line, leftward or rightward angle relative to a reference line), backspin amount, sidespin amount and the like are measured and analyzed.
  • In addition, in the invention, in the in-flight properties analyzing unit, as the kinetic properties of the golf ball resulting when flying on its trajectory, for example, speed of the golf ball at an arbitrary position on the trajectory, angle of the trajectory including hitting or ascending angle and descending angle of the golf bail relative to the horizontal line, height of the golf ball at an arbitrary position including a maximum height from the horizontal like, leftward or rightward hitting angle of the golf ball and leftward or rightward deviation amount (distance) including a maximum deviation, various types of spins (backspin and sidespin) of the golf ball during flight on its trajectory, flying distance of the golf ball, flying time of the golf ball and the liker are measured and analyzed.
  • According to the golf ball performance evaluation system of the invention, it becomes possible to evaluate the performance of the golf ball comprehensively and accurately by continuously measuring, with respect to the golf ball which is hit to fly by the golf club, the kinetic properties of the golf ball resulting immediately after the ball is hit and the kinetic properties resulting at an arbitrary position on the trajectory by the individual measuring units and analyzing outputted information.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a golf ball performance evaluation system according to an embodiment of the invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of the same system with a display unit thereof removed;
  • FIG. 3 is an explanatory diagram showing a trajectory of a golf ball;
  • FIG. 4 is an operation explanatory diagram of the system shown in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a monitor screen of the system shown in FIG. 1; and
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram showing an example of a mark provided on a surface of the golf ball.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • Hereinafter, an embodiment of the invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the invention is not limited to the embodiment below. FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a golf ball performance evaluation system according to an embodiment of the invention, and FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of the same system with a display unit thereof removed.
  • In FIGS. 1 and 2, reference numeral 10 denotes an initial properties analyzing unit. The initial properties analyzing unit 10 includes a sensor unit 12, a photographing unit 14 having two cameras placed to align with each other substantially horizontally in a direction in which a golf ball is hit to fly, and a properties analyzing unit 16 for analyzing and displaying photographed results. In addition, although not so illustrated, the sensor unit 12, the photographing unit 14 and the properties analyzing unit 16 are electrically connected. Additionally, in FIGS. 1 and 2, reference numeral 20 denotes an in-flight properties analyzing unit. The in-flight properties analyzing unit 20 includes a radar transmitter-receiver unit 22 and a display unit 24, and although not so illustrated, both the radar transmitter-receiver unit and the display unit are electrically connected. Furthermore, an elevation angle measuring unit 30 for measuring an elevation angle of the golf ball hit can be used additionally in the system of the embodiment.
  • Firstly, the initial properties analyzing unit 10 will be described. In FIGS. 1 and 2, a golf ball is set on a tee 42. In addition, the sensor unit 12 for detecting a passage of a head of a golf club 44 which is swung downwards to hit the golf ball is disposed to the rear of a target line of the golf ball 40. A primary sensor 12 a and a secondary sensor 12 b which are made up of an optical light emitting portion and light receiving portion are set at an interval of m1 (about 70 mm) in the sensor unit 12. A distance m2 between the secondary sensor 12 b and the tee 42 is about 40 mm.
  • In addition, in the photographing unit 14 of the initial properties analyzing portion 10, two cameras are set transversely to photograph the behavior of the golf ball at an extremely initial part of a trajectory of the golf ball flying to draw a parabola shown in FIG. 3. Namely, a primary camera 14 a is set in a position which is a distance m4 of 50 to 300 mm apart from the tee 42 and a secondary camera 14 b is set in a position which is a distance m5 of 60 to 250 mm apart from the primary camera 14 a. CCD cameras having a shutter speed of 1/10,000 to 200,000 of a second are preferably used for those cameras, and electronic flashes 14 c, 14 d are also preferably provided for the cameras, respectively (the flashes are shown only in FIG. 2.).
  • Next, a measuring method used in the initial properties analyzing unit 10 will be described using FIGS. 1 and 2 and an operation diagram shown in FIG. 4. Firstly, when the primary sensor 12 a and the secondary sensor 12 b detect a passage of the head of the golf club 44 which is swung downwards by the golfer, a passage time t1 is detected and a head speed is measured from a relationship between the distance m1 between both the sensors 12 a, 12 b and the time t1 so detected. Next, receiving a signal by the secondary sensor 12 b, a trigger output ST acts on the primary camera 14 a, the secondary camera 14 b and the electronic flashes therefor, The trigger output ST measures in advance a plurality of head speeds to be applied, for example, and sets delay times t2 which correspond to these head speeds and a shutter interval t3 between both the cameras 14 a, 14 b. Images photographed by the cameras 14 a, 14 b are displayed on a monitor screen 18 of the properties analyzing unit 16.
  • Next, a golf ball initial kinetic properties analyzing method will be described. The initial velocity of the golf ball is measured based on a relationship between a time t3 taken for the golf ball hit to pass by the primary cameral 14 a and the secondary camera 14 b and the distance m5 between both the cameras 14 a, 14 b. The hitting angle of the golf ball (a vertical direction relative to the horizontal line), backspin amount and sidespin amount will be measured as below.
  • FIG. 5 shows images of the golf ball displayed on the monitor screen 18 of the properties analyzing unit 16 when the ball is hit. An image of the golf ball resulting when the ball is photographed from a side thereof by the primary camera 14 a is displayed in a first portion 60 of the monitor screen 18, while an image of the golf ball resulting when the ball is photographed from the same side thereof by the secondary camera 14 b is displayed on a second portion 62, and measured values are displayed in a third portion 64. In this embodiment, a mark M of isosceles triangle is imparted to a surface of the golf ball 40. The color of the mark M is preferably black or a dark color likened thereto in order to make the mark M prominent from the color (normally, white) of the golf ball.
  • In the initial kinetic properties analyzing method of the embodiment, with respect to the images displayed in the first portion 60 and the second portion 62 of the monitor screen 18, the external shape of the golf ball 40 which is shown as a white portion is extracted from the background thereof which is shown as a black area in the monitor screen 18 using a two-valued logic method (white or black). Following this, the mark M (black) within the external shape of the golf ball 40 which has been so extracted is then extracted using the same two-valued logic method.
  • When the extracting process is completed, a principal axis (an extension line containing the height) of the mark M is obtained, and furthermore, a search is made vertically from the principal axis so obtained to obtain a changing point where the color changes from black to white. The retrieval of changing point from black to white by the vertical search is carried out along the principal axis, and straight lines which pass through points/strings of these changing points or two oblique sides are obtained from results of the retrieval. Following this, a base line which intersects a median line of the two oblique sides at right angles is set outside the black block (the mark M), and a search is made from there towards the block side to obtain a base. When obtaining the oblique sides and the base, it is good to use curve fitting to obtain them in consideration of curving due to spherical surface.
  • When a triangle or the mark M is set by the image processing described above, three apexes are obtained from three sides, and a first apex A1, a second apex A2 and a third apex A3 are determined. Then, three-dimensional vectors of the first apex A1, second apex A2 and third apex A3 when regarding the golf ball 40 as a unit ball having a radius 1 are obtained from the images displayed in the first portion 60 and the second portion 62 of the monitor screen 18, and a rotational axis vector of the golf ball 40 is obtained based on a transition from the first portion 60 to the second portion 62 of the monitor screen 18, whereby a vector operation of the rotational axis vector and position vectors of the individual apexes is carried out to obtain an revolution amount of the golf ball. When the rotational axis vector and the revolution amount are obtained, a backspin amount and a sidespin amount of the golf ball 40.
  • In addition, a vertical positional relationship between the golf balls 40 displayed in the first portion 60 and the second portion 62 of the monitor screen 18 is measured, so that an upward hitting angle of the golf ball 40 can be obtained from a relationship between the inter-camera distance m5 (a horizontal distance) between the cameras 14 a, 14 b and the vertical positional relationship so obtained. Furthermore, a leftward or rightward deviation (a leftward or rightward hitting angle) of the golf ball hit can be measured based on the magnitudes of the diameters of the golf balls 40 displayed in the first portion 60 and the second portion 62 of the monitor screen 18.
  • Next, a measuring method used in the in-flight properties analyzing unit 20 will be described. The in-flight properties analyzing unit 20 includes the radar transmitter-receiver unit 22 and the display unit 24. In this embodiment, the radar transmitter-receiver unit 22 incorporates therein a transmitter which transmits radio waves towards the golf ball 40 projected and three receivers which receive radio waves which hit the golf ball 40 to thereby be reflected back therefrom. This radar transmitter-receiver unit 22 can be set a distance m3 of about 2000 mm to the direct rear of the golf ball 40 on the tee 42. On the other hand, the display unit 24 is electrically connected to the radar transmitter-receiver unit 22 and has a data operating function.
  • In this embodiment, to improve the reflection of radio waves by the golf ball hit to fly and facilitate the detection of a revolving state of the golf ball, a plurality of dimples 80 (five dimples in this embodiment) are, as shown in FIG. 6, for example, aligned in a straight line, and a metal-based paint 82 is applied to interiors of these dimples 80, so that a mark 84 having a superior radio wave reflecting property can be provided on the surface of the golf ball. This mark 84 made by the application of the metal-based paint can be provided in addition to the mark M of isosceles triangle.
  • The radar transmitter-receiver unit 22 transmits radio waves towards the golf ball 40 on the tee 42, as well as the golf ball 40 which is hit to fly and receives radio waves reflected by the rectilinear mark 84 of the metal-based paint, whereby the position of the golf ball, which varies every second, is measured with passage of time along a trajectory 90 shown in FIG. 3 which initiates from a golf ball setting position 92 where the golf ball is set on the tee 42 and ends at a landing point 96 via points including a point immediately after the golf ball is hit and a peak position 94, thereby making it possible to calculate the speed of the golf ball in an arbitrary position on the trajectory from the initial velocity which results immediately after the golf ball is hit to a speed thereof which results immediately before the golf ball lands at the landing point 96.
  • In addition, prior to any of the measurements with respect to the golf ball hit to fly, as shown in FIG. 3, the radar transmitter-receiver unit 22 sets a horizontal line X on the field independently and also sets a center line, thereby making it possible to measure the angle of the trajectory which includes the hitting angle and falling angle of the golf ball hit to fly relative to the horizontal line X so set and the height of the golf ball hit to fly in an arbitrary position on the trajectory which includes a maximum height h thereof from the horizontal line X. On the other hand, a leftward or rightward hitting angle of the golf ball as a deviation from the center line set and a leftward or rightward deviation amount (distance) including a maximum deviation can be measured.
  • Furthermore, various types of spins (backspin and sidespin) of the golf ball flying on its trajectory can be calculated by detecting radio waves reflected back from the rectilinear mark 84 of the metal-based paint. In this case, the various types of spins can be calculated correspondingly to various behaviors of the golf ball on the trajectory. Furthermore, a flying time as well as a distance d from the golf ball setting position 92 to the golf ball landing point 96 can also be calculated.
  • The in-flight kinetic properties of the golf ball on the trajectory measured and analyzed by the in-flight properties analyzing unit 20 are displayed on a monitor screen 26 of the display unit 24.
  • In this embodiment, the elevation angle measuring unit 30 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 can be used as required. The elevation angle measuring unit 30 incorporates therein a camera, and the camera is preferably set substantially at the position of the tee with respect to the direction of the target line of the golf ball and substantially at a position equal to the height of the eyes of a human being with respect to the vertical direction.
  • The elevation angle measuring unit 30 can start photographing by making use of a trigger signal in the form of a sound generated when the golf ball is hit to fly or the trigger output ST which was described with respect to the measuring method used in the initial properties analyzing unit. The image of the golf ball hit to fly which changes every second is converted into an electric signal and is then sent to a display unit (not shown) which incorporates therein an operation unit or a personal computer, whereby not only the trajectory is displayed on the monitor screen but also an elevation angle (an ascending angle of the golf ball hit to fly relative to the horizontal line imaginarily drawn at the height of the camera or the height of the eyes of the human being), a leftward or rightward angle (deviation) relative to the center line, an ascending angular velocity and a descending angular velocity of the golf ball on the trajectory are calculated from photographed image signals and then displayed on the screen.
  • Thus, the data obtained by the initial properties analyzing unit 10, the in-flight properties analyzing unit 20 and the elevation angle measuring unit 30 are accumulated in the personal computer, and data necessary to analyze golf balls and golf clubs are processed into an easily usable form to be stored therein.

Claims (4)

  1. 1. A golf ball performance evaluation system comprising:
    an initial properties analyzing unit for measuring and analyzing kinetic properties of a golf ball immediately after the golf ball is hit by a golf club; and
    an in-flight properties analyzing unit for measuring and analyzing kinetic properties of the golf ball hit by the golf club during a flight on its trajectory.
  2. 2. The golf ball performance evaluation system according to claim 1, wherein the in-flight properties analyzing unit comprises a radar transmitter-receiver unit that transmits radio waves towards the golf ball and receives radio waves that are reflected back by the golf ball.
  3. 3. The golf ball performance evaluation system according to claim 1, further comprising an elevation angle measuring unit for measuring an elevation angle of a trajectory drawn by the golf ball flying after having been hit by the golf club.
  4. 4. The golf ball performance evaluation system according to claim 2, further comprising an elevation angle measuring unit for measuring an elevation angle of a trajectory drawn by the golf ball flying after having been hit by the golf club.
US11594124 2005-11-08 2006-11-08 Golf ball performance evaluation system Abandoned US20070105637A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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JPP2005-323712 2005-11-08
JP2005323712A JP2007130071A (en) 2005-11-08 2005-11-08 Performance evaluation system for golf ball

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US7286230B1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2007-10-23 Salmon D Miles Alignment system, device and method
US20080096683A1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2008-04-24 Salmon D Miles Systems and devices for controlled putting
US20110207553A1 (en) * 2010-01-30 2011-08-25 Reid Dion J Golf ball locator
US20120309555A1 (en) * 2010-12-22 2012-12-06 Yansheng Zhao Photoelectric Sensing Instant Display Type Golf Swing Collimation Trainer
US20120309553A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2012-12-06 Koudele Larry J Advanced golf monitoring system, method and components
WO2013081876A1 (en) * 2011-11-30 2013-06-06 Nike International Ltd. Method and apparatus for determining an angle of attack from multiple ball hitting
US20130226541A1 (en) * 2012-02-29 2013-08-29 Dunlop Sports Co. Ltd. Method for simulating run
US20140228085A1 (en) * 2011-09-23 2014-08-14 Creatz Inc. Virtual sport system using start sensor
US9795832B2 (en) 2009-12-14 2017-10-24 The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd. Ball for ball game and method of manufacturing the same

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US20110159976A2 (en) * 2007-12-12 2011-06-30 Rangetainment Technologies Gmbh A Golf Diagnosis Apparatus And A Method Of Performing Golf Diagnosis
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