US20070025109A1 - C7, C9 LED bulb and embedded PCB circuit board - Google Patents

C7, C9 LED bulb and embedded PCB circuit board Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070025109A1
US20070025109A1 US11189066 US18906605A US2007025109A1 US 20070025109 A1 US20070025109 A1 US 20070025109A1 US 11189066 US11189066 US 11189066 US 18906605 A US18906605 A US 18906605A US 2007025109 A1 US2007025109 A1 US 2007025109A1
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Prior art keywords
base
led bulb
bulb
leds
lamp cover
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Abandoned
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US11189066
Inventor
Jing Yu
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Yu Jing J
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B33/00Electroluminescent light sources
    • H05B33/02Details
    • H05B33/08Circuit arrangements not adapted to a particular application
    • H05B33/0803Circuit arrangements not adapted to a particular application for light emitting diodes [LEDs] comprising only inorganic semiconductor materials
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • F21K9/20Light sources comprising attachment means
    • F21K9/23Retrofit light sources for lighting devices with a single fitting for each light source, e.g. for substitution of incandescent lamps with bayonet or threaded fittings
    • F21K9/232Retrofit light sources for lighting devices with a single fitting for each light source, e.g. for substitution of incandescent lamps with bayonet or threaded fittings specially adapted for generating an essentially omnidirectional light distribution, e.g. with a glass bulb
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V3/00Globes; Bowls; Cover glasses
    • F21V3/02Globes; Bowls; Cover glasses characterised by the shape
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B33/00Electroluminescent light sources
    • H05B33/02Details
    • H05B33/08Circuit arrangements not adapted to a particular application
    • H05B33/0803Circuit arrangements not adapted to a particular application for light emitting diodes [LEDs] comprising only inorganic semiconductor materials
    • H05B33/0806Structural details of the circuit
    • H05B33/0809Structural details of the circuit in the conversion stage
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2121/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems for decorative purposes, not provided for in codes F21W2102/00 – F21W2107/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies
    • Y02B20/30Semiconductor lamps, e.g. solid state lamps [SSL] light emitting diodes [LED] or organic LED [OLED]
    • Y02B20/34Inorganic LEDs
    • Y02B20/341Specially adapted circuits
    • Y02B20/348Resonant bridges
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S362/00Illumination
    • Y10S362/80Light emitting diode

Abstract

The invention presents a new design of C7 or C9 type LED bulb and its embedded PCB electronic circuit board structure, comprising a lamp cover, LEDs, a PCB circuit board and a base. The bulb houses one or multiple number of LEDs. The LEDs are soldered on the PCB board that is embedded inside of the base. The PCB board power input ports connect to the brass base or are directly wired to outside the base. The base and the lamp cover may be attached together by means of bonding (thermal, sonic or solvent), friction interference fit, adhesive or simply by screwing the lamp cover into the threaded base. The PCB board, utilizing a bridge design, allows the LED bulb to be directly powered by 110-120V AC voltage power sources. The simple bulb design significantly reduces the weight of the entire product and power consumption.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to lighting decoration technologies and, more particularly, to light emitting diode (LED) C7 and C9 types bulbs used for lighting and decoration.
  • DESCRIPTION OF RELATED ART
  • Lighting is one of the most important parts of our everyday life. The light bulbs, since invented in 1879, have profoundly changed human existence by illuminating the night and making it hospitable to a wide range of activity. One of the goals of developing lighting technologies is to meet different illumination requirements for different activities, e.g., Living, office, meeting, entertainment, and etc. An efficient lighting structure not only comforts our eyes, but also save electrical power. The second goal of lighting is to decorate the lighted room by shining on the indoor objects and showing their shapes and sizes. For displaying art works, such as pictures, carpets and flowers, lighting is even required to show their colors inside of a room.
  • Light Emitting Diodes (LED) are semiconductor diodes and belong to the group of electroluminescent luminaries. The light is generated by recombining charge-carrier pairs in a semiconductor with an appropriate energy band gap. The LEDs produce a narrow banded radiation. The properties of LEDs, including their low operating voltage and power, small sizes, long lifetime and great stability, make them desirable lighting sources. The LEDs are cool light source without generating heat and thus are safe for daily operation.
  • However, current C7 and C9 bulbs with either Tungsten filaments or LED solid bulb bodies waste most of electrical power into heat and have a serious optical loss. Meanwhile, limited by LED specifications, the current LED bulbs with C7 and C9 designs have no way to be directly powered by 110-120V AC household power supply. Thus, the applications of LED C7 and C9 bulbs are limited.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 shows the C7 or C9 LED bulb structure. The LED bulb consists of a lamp cover 1, one or multiple numbers of LEDs 2, a PCB circuit board 3, and a base 6. The pins (there are two in the example shown in this drawings, but other LEDs may have more) 5 of the LEDs 2 are soldered onto the PCB board 3 that is embedded inside of the base 6. The voltage input ports 7 of the PCB board 3 are connected to the brass connector 4. The base 6 and the lamp cover 1 may be attached together by bonding (thermal, sonic or solvent), friction interference fit, adhesive or simply by screwing the lamp cover 1 into the threaded base 6.
  • FIG. 2 shows the PCB electronic circuit diagram. The AC 110-120V voltage input is in series with an RC (resistor R1 and capacitor C1 in parallel) unit and resistor R2 before connecting to a voltage bridge unit that transfers AC to DC voltage. A fuse is used to limit the total current and protect the PCB board and LEDs. A Capacitor C2 and voltage regulator diode DZ1 are wired in parallel to the bridge output to stabilize the voltage on the LEDs. The designed PCB board are capable to drive one or multiple LEDs wired in parallel to meet different requirement of lumens.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention provides a new LED design for C7 and C9 bulbs. The PCB electronic circuit board structure enables LEDs to be directly powered by 110-120V AC power supply, and dramatically reduces power consumption compared to traditional C7 and C9 bulbs.
  • As shown in FIG. 1, the LED bulb consists of a lamp cover, LEDs, a PCB electronic circuit board, and a brass base or a base made with appropriate material. Different from the traditional bulbs, the bulb of the invention houses the LEDs that are soldered on the PCB board, and the PCB board is embedded inside of the base such that the lamp cover, the LEDs, PCB board, and the base, when fully assembled, forms the invented LED bulb. The PCB board is used here to provide a connection between the internal LEDs and the external 110-120V AC voltage.
  • FIG. 2 shows the electronic circuit of the PCB board used in the LED bulb. After passing through a capacitor C1 and resistors R1 and R2 (C1 is in parallel with R1, and then in series with R2), the 110-120V AC voltage connects to a bridge unit that transfers the AC into DC voltage. The output voltage from the bridge is stabilized by a capacitor C2 and voltage regulator diode DZ1, in parallel with LEDs (there are three in the example shown in this drawing). A fuse is used to limit the total electrical current, and protect the LEDs and the PCB board.
  • The lamp cover of the LED bulb may be wholly or partially transparent, translucent, or with a pattern as desired. Standard E12/E14/E17 bases may be applied when C7 and C9 style bulbs are used. As indicated before, the base and the lamp cover may be attached together by means of bonding (thermal, sonic or solvent), friction interference fit, adhesive or simply by screwing the lamp cover into the threaded base.
  • The LED bulb is mostly empty inside as only LEDs and a small PCB board are housed between the lamp cover and the base. This simple bulb structure greatly reduces light optical absorption loss that is commonly seen in the traditional solid LED bulbs.

Claims (16)

  1. 1. A new C9 style LED bulb comprising: a lamp cover, LEDs, a PCB electronic circuit board, a brass base. The bulb houses the LEDs that are soldered on the PCB board, and the PCB board is embedded inside of the base. The voltage input ports of the PCB board are connected to the brass connectors.
  2. 2. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein said bulb can be a C7 style LED bulb.
  3. 3. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein said base can be a E12 type base.
  4. 4. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein said base can be a E14 type base.
  5. 5. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein said base can be a E17 type base.
  6. 6. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein said lamp cover can be round.
  7. 7. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein said lamp cover can be of a polygonal shape.
  8. 8. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein said PCB board is used to connect LEDs to 110-120V AC voltage.
  9. 9. The PCB board of claim 8, wherein said AC 110-120V voltage inputs are in series with a resistor and capacitor unit and another resistor before connecting to a voltage bridge unit which transfers AC to DC voltage.
  10. 10. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein a fuse is used to limit the total current and protect the PCB board and LEDs.
  11. 11. The PCB board of claim 8, wherein said output voltage to LEDs is stabilized by connecting the capacitor and voltage regulator diode in parallel.
  12. 12. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein said lamp cover can be securely attached to the base by screwing the lamp cover into the threaded base
  13. 13. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein said lamp cover can be securely attached to the base by adhesive.
  14. 14. The LE bulb of claim 1, wherein said LED pins are connected to the PCB board by soldering.
  15. 15. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein said lamp cover can be securely attached to the base by adhesive.
  16. 16. The LED bulb of claim 1, wherein said base can be made with any suitable conducting material.
US11189066 2005-07-26 2005-07-26 C7, C9 LED bulb and embedded PCB circuit board Abandoned US20070025109A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11189066 US20070025109A1 (en) 2005-07-26 2005-07-26 C7, C9 LED bulb and embedded PCB circuit board

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US11189066 US20070025109A1 (en) 2005-07-26 2005-07-26 C7, C9 LED bulb and embedded PCB circuit board
US11849939 US7661852B2 (en) 2005-07-26 2007-09-04 Integrated LED bulb

Related Child Applications (1)

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US11849939 Continuation US7661852B2 (en) 2005-07-26 2007-09-04 Integrated LED bulb

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US20070025109A1 true true US20070025109A1 (en) 2007-02-01

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US11849939 Active US7661852B2 (en) 2005-07-26 2007-09-04 Integrated LED bulb

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