JP2909023B2 - Long light emitting apparatus - Google Patents

Long light emitting apparatus

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Publication number
JP2909023B2
JP2909023B2 JP8227072A JP22707296A JP2909023B2 JP 2909023 B2 JP2909023 B2 JP 2909023B2 JP 8227072 A JP8227072 A JP 8227072A JP 22707296 A JP22707296 A JP 22707296A JP 2909023 B2 JP2909023 B2 JP 2909023B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
light emitting
bulb
emitting apparatus
led
light
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JP8227072A
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Japanese (ja)
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JPH1021707A (en
Inventor
幸夫 矢袋
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日吉電子株式会社
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Priority to JP8-110774 priority
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Priority to JP8227072A priority patent/JP2909023B2/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S4/00Lighting devices or systems using a string or strip of light sources
    • F21S4/10Lighting devices or systems using a string or strip of light sources with light sources attached to loose electric cables, e.g. Christmas tree lights
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2121/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems for decorative purposes, not provided for in codes F21W2102/00 – F21W2107/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2121/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems for decorative purposes, not provided for in codes F21W2102/00 – F21W2107/00
    • F21W2121/04Use or application of lighting devices or systems for decorative purposes, not provided for in codes F21W2102/00 – F21W2107/00 for Christmas trees
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S362/00Illumination
    • Y10S362/80Light emitting diode

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、球体の底部方向を除く全円球方向にほぼ同光量で光を照射する複数個のL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention includes a plurality of L that emits light in almost the same amount of light Zen'endama direction except the bottom direction of the spherical body
ED発光球を屈曲自在な導線に接続して配設した長尺発光装置に関する。 Connect the ED fireball to freely lead bending about the long light emitting apparatus is disposed.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来より、クリスマスを祝って例えば街路樹に飾り付けを行うために、あるいは家庭において室内に持ち込んだ樅の木の飾り付けをより華やかに飾り立てるために、柔軟な長い導線に多数の豆電球を取り付けて、それらの豆電球を発光させる長尺発光装置が知られている。 Hitherto, in order carry out the decorations to celebrate the Christmas, for example, street trees, or in order to prettify the decorations brought into the room in the home fir trees more colorful, a number of the flexible long wire beans Attach the bulb, long light emitting apparatus for emitting their miniature bulb is known.

【0003】このような長尺発光装置に使用される豆電球は、一般に白熱電球と呼称され、例えばタングステンや対向電極箔等からなる発光体への通電による抵抗熱やコロナ放電によって発光する。 [0003] miniature bulb used in such a long light emitting apparatus is generally referred to as an incandescent light bulb, for example, emits light by the resistance heat or corona discharge by energization of the light emitting body made of tungsten or opposed electrode foil. この発光は、電球の底部(ソケットや電球自体のリード線などの配設で光の進路を遮る部分)を除く全円球方向にほぼ同光量で照射される。 This emission is illuminated with approximately the same amount of light Zen'endama direction except the bottom of the bulb (the part blocking the light path in the arrangement of such sockets and bulbs themselves lead). したがって、発光をいずれの方角からでも容易に視認できる。 Thus, readily visible from any direction emit. このため、このように長尺の導線に多数の豆電球を取り付けた長尺発光装置は、特に上述したクリスマス時期の電飾として屋外屋内を問わず広く利用されている。 Therefore, in this way a long light emitting apparatus fitted with a large number of miniature bulb on lead long are widely utilized not particularly limited outdoor indoor as illuminations Christmas period described above.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、上記の豆電球は、タングステンや対向電極箔の発光部を囲んで薄いガラスの球で覆ったものであるから、硬い物に当たるとガラスの球が容易に砕けて破損し易く、保管及び使用の際の取り扱いに手数が掛かるという問題を有している。 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION However, the above miniature bulb, since those covered with thin glass sphere surrounding the light emitting portion of the tungsten or opposed electrode foil, glass strikes the hard objects sphere easily easily broken crumbling, has the problem of labor is applied to the handling of the case of storage and use. また、破損し易いから、その取り扱いや保管に細心の注意を要して面倒であるという問題もあった。 In addition, since the easy damaged, there is also a problem that it is cumbersome and requires close attention to the handling and storage. そのうえ、元来、電球は電力の光変換効率が極めて悪く、電力の多くは熱として消失してしまい、発光する光量の割りには消費電力が大きい。 Moreover, originally, the bulb is very poor light conversion efficiency of the power is, the more power will be lost as heat, power consumption in spite of the emitted light amount is large. したがって、特に上記のように多数の電球を一度に点灯して用いる発光装置としては不経済であるという問題も有していた。 Therefore, in particular also has a problem that it is uneconomical as a light emitting device using lit at once a large number of bulbs as described above.

【0005】もっとも、消費電力の点だけから見れば、 [0005] However, from the perspective of only in terms of power consumption,
消費電力の小さい発光体としてはLED素子が知られている。 LED element is known as a small light emitter power consumption. しかし、LED素子の発光は、指向性が強く、照射角度が広いものでも発光体の正面方向に80度程度の広がりしか有していない。 However, light emission of the LED element has a strong directivity, only has the spread of about 80 degrees toward the front of the even light emitters those wide irradiation angle. したがって、このように光の広がりの狭いLED素子を、クリスマスツリーなどに飾るイルミネーションのように、発光を四方八方に照射する必要のあるものには用途として不向きであり、一般には、例えば駅構内などで見受けられる発車時刻表示板、 Thus, in this manner the light spread narrow LED element, as illuminations decorate Christmas trees, in what needs to be irradiated with the light emission in all directions is not suitable as applications, in general, for example, train stations, etc. Departing be seen in the time display plate,
空港で見受けられる発着時刻案内板など、ほぼ正面方向から情報を読み取る装置の表示素子として用いられているこのように、LED素子を長尺発光装置に組み付けるという発想は元来から無く、上記のように四方八方から発光を眺められる必要のある長尺発光装置には、照射光に指向性の無い前述した白熱豆電球を専ら使用せざるを得なかったものである。 Such as arrival and departure time guide plate to be found at the airport, as this which is used as a display element of the device for reading information from a substantially frontal direction, idea assembling the LED elements in the longitudinal light emitting device is not from the original, as described above to the need of certain long light emitting apparatus with a view of light emission from all sides, in which forced exclusively the use of incandescent miniature bulb described above no directivity in the irradiation light.

【0006】本発明の課題は、耐久性があり八方からの視認性がよく電力消費の少ない複数の発光球を備えた長尺発光装置を提供することである。 An object of the present invention is to provide a long light emitting apparatus having a small multiple fireball visibility of good power consumption from Happo durable.

【0007】 [0007]

【課題を解決するための手段】以下に、本発明に係わる長尺発光装置の構成を述べる。 The following SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION, describes the structure of the long light emitting apparatus according to the present invention. 本発明の長尺発光装置は、 半球状の先端を有する円柱状の樹脂体の底部に2本 Long light emitting apparatus of the present invention, two on the bottom of the cylindrical resin body having a tip of the hemispherical
のリード端子を外部に出したLEDチップを封入し、上 Lead terminals encapsulating LED chip out to the outside, on
記樹脂体の表面をすりガラス状に形成したことにより底<br>部方向を除く全球面方向へほぼ同光量で光を照射するL L for emitting light in substantially the same amount of the surface of the serial resin body to all spherical directions except the bottom <br> section direction by forming a ground glass
ED発光球と、複数の上記LED発光球の電極に夫々接続され複数の上記LED 発光球を発光可能に保持する屈曲自在な導線とを備えて構成される。 Configured with the ED fireball, and respectively connected bendable conductor which emits light capable holding a plurality of the LED light emitting sphere electrodes of the plurality of the LED light emitting bulb, a.

【0008】 [0008]

【0009】 [0009]

【発明の実施の形態】以下、本発明の実施の形態を図面を参照しながら説明する。 BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Hereinafter, will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the present invention. 図1(a) は、第1の実施の形態における長尺発光装置を模式的に示す図である。 1 (a) is a diagram showing the long light emitting apparatus according to the first embodiment schematically. この長尺発光装置1は、一般用の電飾(イルミネーション) The long light emitting apparatus 1 is generally illuminations for (illumination)
に使用することを目的としており、図1(b) は、その回路構成を示す図である。 , It aims to be used in FIG. 1 (b) is a diagram showing a circuit configuration thereof. 図1(a),(b) に示すように、この長尺発光装置1は、導線2及び導線3の間に、複数(本例では50個)のLED(発光ダイオード)発光球4を接続線5で直列に接続して配置した発光部6が複数個配置されている。 As shown in FIG. 1 (a), (b), the long light emitting apparatus 1, between the conductor 2 and conductor 3, a plurality LED (light emitting diode) connecting the fireball 4 (50 pieces in this embodiment) emitting portion 6 is plural arrangement disposed in series with the line 5.

【0010】導線2は発光部6のプラス極性側に配線され、導線3は発光部6のマイナス極性側に配線されている。 [0010] conductors 2 are wired to the positive polarity side of the light emitting portion 6, conductor 3 are wired to the negative polarity side of the light emitting portion 6. 導線2は電源プラグ7の一方の端子に接続され、導線3は電源プラグ7の他方の端子に抵抗8を介して接続されている。 Conductor 2 is connected to one terminal of the power supply plug 7, conductor 3 is connected via a resistor 8 to the other terminal of the power supply plug 7. 電力は電源9から電源プラグ7を介して導入される。 Power is introduced through a power plug 7 from the power source 9.

【0011】LED発光球4は、本例では2v(ボルト)用のものを用いている。 [0011] the LED bulb 4, in the present embodiment are used one for 2v (volts). 1個の発光部6毎に、その2vのLED発光球4が50個直列に接続されている。 Each one light emitting portion 6, LED light-emitting bulb 4 of the 2v are connected to the 50 series.
したがって、各発光部6の所要電力は100vとなり、 Therefore, the required power of each light emitting unit 6 100v, and the
一般用の電源電圧と同じであるから、抵抗8は一見不用に見える。 Since the same as the power supply voltage of the OTC, the resistor 8 is seemingly unnecessary. しかし、抵抗8を介挿しておく方が全体として機能的に安定度が良いことが経験的に判明しているので、図(a),(b) のように構成している。 However, since functionally stability as a whole is better to keep interposed a resistor 8 that good has been found empirically, FIG (a), the structure as shown in (b). 尚、発光部6に接続するLED発光球4は、50個以下、例えば45個或は40個等であってもよく、その場合は抵抗8には電源9との電位差分に相当する抵抗値を設定すれば良い。 Incidentally, LED light-emitting bulb 4 connected to the light emitting portion 6, 50 or less, for example 45 or may be a 40 or the like, the resistance value when its corresponding to a potential difference component of the power source 9 to the resistor 8 it may be set.

【0012】図2は、上記構成による、長尺発光装置1 [0012] Figure 2, according to the above configuration, the long light emitting apparatus 1
の具体的な形状を示す図である。 It is a diagram showing a specific shape of. 図2に示すように、長尺発光装置1は、図1(a) に示したように構成された導線2、導線3、及び発光部6の接続線5の3本を、ばらばらにならず常にまとまっているように、適宜の捻り方向に軽く撚り合わせて構成される。 As shown in FIG. 2, the long light emitting apparatus 1, conductor 2 is configured as shown in FIG. 1 (a), conductor 3, and the three connection lines 5 of the light-emitting part 6, not apart as always together, constructed by twisting gently to appropriate twisting direction. 各LED発光球4の間隔は、およそ10cmである。 Interval between the LED light emitting bulb 4 is approximately 10 cm. 尚、図2では、図1 In FIG. 2, FIG. 1
(a) に示した抵抗8、電源プラグ7等は図示を省略している。 Resistor 8 shown in (a), is such as a power plug 7 are not shown. また、上記のLED発光球4は、図2に示すように、ソケット11を介して接続線5に接続してもよく、 Further, LED light emitting bulb 4 described above, as shown in FIG. 2, may be connected to the connection line 5 through a socket 11,
また、LED発光球4のリード線を直接に接続線5に接続するようにしてもよい。 Also, it may be connected to the connection line 5 leads of the LED bulb 4 directly. この長尺発光装置1は、屋外において用いるときは、おおむね長いものが要求されるから、発光部6(図1(a) 参照)が多数連続して配設された状態で用い、屋内等で用いる場合は短いものでよい場合が多いから、その場合は、長尺の発光装置を発光部6の単位で適宜の長さに切り分けて使用するようにする。 The long light emitting apparatus 1, when used in outdoors, since generally longer is required, used in a state where the light emitting portion 6 (see FIG. 1 (a)) are disposed in succession a large number, indoors etc. because if it is short is large if used, in which case, so as to use cut into appropriate lengths emitting device long in units of the light emitting portion 6.

【0013】 図3は、上述した長尺発光装置1に配設して使用されるLED発光球4の構成を示す図である。 [0013] Figure 3 is a diagram showing a configuration of the LED bulb 4 that is used by arranging the elongated light-emitting device 1 described above. Drawing
は側断面図で示している。 3 shows in sectional side view.

【0014】 図3に示すLED発光球4は、エポキシ樹脂製の球体1 2と 、この球体12の外に一端が引き出され、他端が球体12内に埋設された2本のリード線1 [0014] LED light emitting bulb 4 shown in FIG. 3, a spherical body 1 2 made of epoxy resin, one end outside of the sphere 12 is pulled out, the two lead wires whose other end is embedded in 12 the sphere 1
3、13と、これら2本のリード線13、13の他端に接続され、そのリード線13、13の他端とともに球体12内に埋設されたLEDチップ14(図3 (c),(d)では、側面図であるため、LEDチップ14は見えない) And 3,13, is connected to the other end of these two leads 13 and 13, LED chips 14 embedded in the sphere 12 with the other end of the lead wire 13, 13 (FIG. 3 (c), (d ) in order is a side view, LED chip 14 is not visible)
とで構成されている。 It is composed of a. 球体12の直径は、おおよそ3m The diameter of the sphere 12 is approximately 3m
m〜5mmに形成される。 It is formed in the m~5mm. 勿論、直径はこれより大きくてもよく、また小さくてもよい。 Of course, it may be greater than this diameter, or may be smaller. そして、球体12の表面は、適宜の処理を用いて夫々加工されている。 Then, the surface of the sphere 12 is respectively processed using appropriate processing.

【0015】すなわち、LED発光球4は、球体12の表面に、すりガラス状の食刻15が施されている。 [0015] That is, LED light-emitting bulb 4, the surface of the sphere 12, ground-glass etch 15 is applied. これにより、LED素子14の発光が、食刻された球体12 Thus, light emission of the LED elements 14 have been etched sphere 12
表面のランダムな方向を向く空気との界面で、一部はランダムな方向に屈折して外部に放射され、残る部分はランダムな方向で内部に反射される。 At the interface with the air directed to the random orientation of surface, part thereof is emitted to the outside is refracted in random directions, the remaining part is reflected inside in random directions. その反射方向の球体 The reflection direction of the sphere
12表面のランダムな方向を向く界面で再び一部はランダムな方向に屈折して外部に放射され、残る部分は内部にランダムに反射されるということを繰り返して、LE Some again at the interface facing random directions of 12 surface is emitted to the outside is refracted in random directions, the remainder to repeat that is reflected at random therein, LE
D発光球1の発光が、球体12の底部方向を除く全球面方向に拡散・照射されるようになる。 D light emission of the light emitting bulb 1, will be diffused and irradiated in all spherical directions except the bottom direction of the spherical body 12.

【0016】このように、図2に示す長尺発光装置は、 [0016] Thus, the long light emitting apparatus shown in FIG. 2,
白熱豆電球を用いた場合と同様に、球体12の正面ばかりか横方向および斜め後方にも光を照射して、しかも白熱豆電球よりも、はるかに消費電力が少ないから、例えばクリスマス用のイルミネーションなどには最適である。 As with the incandescent miniature bulb, by irradiating the front only or horizontal and light also obliquely rearward of the sphere 12, moreover than incandescent miniature bulb, since much power consumption is small, for example for Christmas lights it is optimal and the like.

【0017】 [0017]

【0018】 [0018]

【0019】 [0019]

【0020】 [0020]

【0021】 [0021]

【0022】尚、LED発光球4は、既に述べたように、リード線13を半田によって接続線5に直接接続してもよく、また、図2に示したように、先ず接続線5にソケット11を接続し、このソケット11にLED発光球4を嵌め込むようにしてもよい。 [0022] Incidentally, LED light-emitting bulb 4, as already mentioned, the socket lead 13 by soldering may be connected directly to the connection line 5, and as shown in FIG. 2, the connecting line 5 11 connect, may be fitted to the LED bulb 4 into the socket 11.

【0023】図4(a) は、そのようなソケット11を三例(11a、11b、11c)示している。 [0023] FIG. 4 (a), such sockets 11 third example (11a, 11b, 11c) are shown. いずれも絶縁性の円環部材22(22a、22b、22c)の内面に、対向する2個の電極23、23が配設されている。 Both insulative annular member 22 (22a, 22b, 22c) on the inner surface of the two electrodes 23 and 23 facing each other are disposed.
この2個の電極23、23が、接続線5に接続される(図1(a) 参照)。 The two electrodes 23, 23 are connected to the connection line 5 (see Figure 1 (a)). 図4(b) は、上記各ソケット11 FIG. 4 (b), each socket 11
a、11b、又は11cと一対になって構成されるソケットアダプタ(絶縁性の差し込み部材)24に、LED a, 11b, or 11c and the pair since it consists socket adapter (insulating plug member) to 24, LED
発光球4を嵌入させ、下方に引き出される2本のリード線13、13を、ソケットアダプタ24の外面に沿って上に折り曲げた状態を示している。 It is fitted the fireball 4, the two lead wires 13, 13 drawn downward, and shows a state in which bent upward along the outer surface of the socket adapter 24. これを上記ソケット11に、2本のリード線13、13が2個の電極23、 With this in the socket 11, two lead wires 13, 13 are two electrodes 23,
23に接触するように嵌め込んで用いる。 Used is fitted to contact the 23.

【0024】図5乃至図7は、上記の構成の長尺発光装置1の使用例を示す図である。 FIG. 5 through FIG. 7 is a diagram showing an example of the use of the long light emitting apparatus 1 of the above configuration. 図5は、公園内の大木に張り出した各枝毎に長尺発光装置1を配置した形態を示している。 Figure 5 shows an embodiment of arranging the long light emitting apparatus 1 for each branch overhanging large tree in the park. 長尺発光装置1のLED発光球4の発光は、 Emission of the LED bulb 4 of the long light emitting apparatus 1,
球体の底部方向を除く全円球方向へ照射されるから、長尺発光装置1の配置では、単に各枝毎に沿って張りめぐらすだけでよく、LED発光球4の配置の向き(方向) Since irradiated to Zen'endama direction except the bottom direction of the sphere, in the arrangement of the long light emitting apparatus 1, merely needs meditate tension along each branch, the direction of arrangement of the LED light-emitting bulb 4 (direction)
等を特に配慮する必要はない。 There is no particular need to consider and the like. また見る方角によって発光が薄くなったり見えなくなることもなく、白熱豆電球を用いたものと同等の無指向性の照射が行われる。 Also without that light emission can not be seen or thinned by the direction to see, equivalent omnidirectional irradiation and those using incandescent light bulb beans is done.

【0025】次に、図6は、上方に示す樹木の下方に斜め下に緩やかに下る芝生の斜面に沿って、上から下へ延在して配置された長尺発光装置1の使用形態の例を示している。 Next, FIG. 6, along the slope of the lawn down gently obliquely downwardly below the tree shown upward, above the usage pattern of the long light emitting apparatus 1 arranged to extend down It shows an example. これは例えば水が清らかに流れる様子を表したものである。 This is what for example water showing a state flowing pure. この場合も、複数本の長尺発光装置1を、 Again, a plurality of the long light emitting apparatus 1,
単に斜面に沿って適宜の間隔で張り下ろすだけでよく、 Merely needs lower tension at appropriate intervals along the slope,
LED発光球4の配置の向き等を考慮する必要はない。 There is no need to consider the orientation or the like of the arrangement of LED light emitting bulb 4.

【0026】本実施の形態における長尺発光装置1によれば、上記の例のように多数のLED発光球4を用いても、消費電力はそれほど大きくはならない。 According to the long light emitting apparatus 1 in the [0026] present embodiment, even when a large number of LED luminous bulb 4 as in the example above, the power consumption is not so large. 例えばLE For example, LE
D発光球4を1000個用いた場合、長尺発光装置1に用いられるLED発光球4の1個の消費電力は0.02 When using D fireball 4 1000, one power consumption of the LED bulb 4 used in the long light emitting apparatus 1 0.02
W(ワット)であるから、1000個で20Wである。 Because it is W (watts), a 20W in 1000.
これは家庭用の標準となる蛍光燈1本の消費電力である。 This is the power consumption of the fluorescent lamp 1 present as a standard household. これに対して白熱豆電球は通常のもので1個の消費電力は0.48Wであるから、1000個では480W Since the incandescent light bulb beans are one of the power consumption in the normal thing is 0.48W On the other hand, in the 1000 480W
であり、24倍の消費電力となる。 , And the the 24 times the power consumption. この480Wは、平均的な家庭用掃除機の消費電力に相当しており、連続して消費する電力としては極めて過大であるといえる。 The 480W is equivalent to the power consumption of an average household cleaner, it can be said that an extremely excessive as power consumed continuously.

【0027】そして、図7は、家庭内において飾り付けられるクリスマスツリーに長尺発光装置1を取り付けた例を示す図である。 [0027] Then, FIG. 7 is a diagram showing an example in which the long light emitting apparatus 1 to the Christmas tree decorating at home. このように屋内で用いるときは、前述したように、長尺の発光装置1を発光部6の単位で適宜の長さに切り分けて使用すると、取り扱いに便利である。 This way when used indoors, as described above, when used in cut into appropriate lengths of the light-emitting device 1 long in units of the light emitting portion 6, which is convenient in handling.

【0028】尚、長尺発光装置1を屋外で用いる場合、 [0028] In the case of using the long light emitting apparatus 1 outdoors,
特に図6に示すように地面に這わせて配設した場合に、 When arranged in particular by crawl on the ground as shown in FIG. 6,
LED発光球4が誤って踏みつけられても、めったなことでは破損しない。 Be the LED bulb 4 is trampled by mistake, it will not be damaged by such rare. もし豆電球であると容易に破損する。 If easily be damaged if there is in the beans light bulb. また、そのように屋外で用いられるものは一般に汚れやすい。 In general dirt easily that way those used outdoors. 特に多数の凹凸や突出物のあるものは、一旦汚れが付着すると落ちにくい。 Of particular number of irregularities or projections is less likely to fall once dirt adheres.

【0029】図8(a),(b) に、そのような汚れを防除する第2の実施の形態を示す。 [0029] FIG. 8 (a), (b), showing a second embodiment of controlling such fouling. 同図(a) は模式図、同図 FIG (a) is a schematic view, FIG.
(b) は具体的形態を示す図である。 (B) is a diagram showing a specific configuration. 同図(a),(b) に示すように、この長尺発光装置25は、上述した長尺発光装置1を可撓性のある透明ホース26に挿通して構成される。 FIG (a), (b), the the long light emitting apparatus 25 is configured by inserting the long light emitting apparatus 1 described above in the transparent hose 26 having flexibility. 透明ホース26の表面は凹凸も突出物もないから汚れが付着しにくい。 The surface of the transparent hose 26 is uneven also hardly adheres dirt because no projections. また、汚れが付着しても適宜の布やティッシュペーパ等で拭って容易に除去できる。 Also, be attached dirt can be easily removed by wiped with appropriate cloth or tissue paper or the like. 或いは水洗いしても良い。 Or it may be washed with water. また、このような透明ホース26 In addition, such a transparent hose 26
は、射出成形時にコイル状に巻きとられて固化した後保管されるから、コイル形状を維持しようとする性質を有している。 , Since stored after solidification is coiled during injection molding, it has a property to try to keep the coil shape. したがって、定型性を持たない導線2、3及び接続線5から成る凹凸のある撚り線と、多数の突出を形成する発光球4とから成る長尺発光装置1よりも、これを透明ホース26内に収容した図8の長尺発光装置2 Therefore, a certain strand uneven consisting conductors 2, 3 and connecting lines 5 without a fixed resistance, than the long light emitting apparatus 1 comprising a light-emitting bulb 4 for forming a number of projections, the transparent hose 26 this long 8 accommodated in the light emitting device 2
5の方が、保管中は定型性を保ち、電飾として配設するときは表面が平滑であるから取り扱いが容易である。 Who 5, during storage maintaining fixed resistance and is easy to handle because there is a smooth surface when arranged as illuminations. また、透明ホース26は、内部から放射される光を屈折させるから光に輝きを付加する効果もある。 The transparent hose 26 is also effective to add a brilliance because to refract light emitted from the inside light.

【0030】図9(a),(b) は、そのような長尺発光装置25の使用例を示す図であり、同図(a) は、長尺発光装置25のコイル性を活かしたモダンアート風の電飾であり、人目を惹く構成となっている。 FIG. 9 (a), (b) is a diagram showing an example of the use of such a long light emitting apparatus 25, Modern FIG (a) is, by taking advantage of the coils of the long light emitting apparatus 25 is the illuminations of the art style, and has a configuration that eye-catching. 同図(b) は格子状の大きな支持枠を支えとして、夜空に巨大な花を描き出した例を示している。 FIG (b) as support large supporting frame grid, an example is shown in which portrays a huge flowers in the night sky.

【0031】以上説明した実施の形態においては、いずれも電飾に用いる例を示しているが、長尺発光装置の使用は電飾に限るものではない。 [0031] In the embodiment described above, but both show an example of using the electric decoration, the use of long light emitting apparatus is not limited to electric decoration. 人の注意を引く必要のある場所等には、飾りとしてではなく、単に注意を喚起するために使用するようにもできる。 The location and the like that need to draw the attention of the people, not as a decoration, simply can also be used to draw attention. これを第3の実施の形態として以下に説明する。 This will be described below as the third embodiment.

【0032】図10(a),(b) は、道路工事等の工事現場において、工事中の場所と通行可能な道路とを区分して報知するために、通行区分帯標識として用いる場合の長尺発光装置の構成を示している。 FIG. 10 (a), (b), in the construction site of road construction, etc., in order to inform by dividing the available traffic and location during construction road length when used as traffic separation zone indicator It shows the structure of long light-emitting device. 同図(a) はその構成を模式的に示す図であり、同図(b) はその回路図である。 FIG (a) is a diagram showing a configuration schematically, FIG. (B) is a circuit diagram thereof.
同図に示すように、この長尺発光装置31は、基本的には、図1(a),(b) の長尺発光装置1の場合とほぼ同様であり、回路構成のみが異なる。 As shown in the figure, the long light emitting apparatus 31 is basically FIG. 1 (a), is substantially the same as that of the long light emitting apparatus 1 (b), only the circuit configuration is different. すなわち、同図(a),(b) That is, this figure (a), (b)
に示すように、この長尺発光装置31では、導線2及び導線3の間に配設される発光部36には、LED発光球4が直列に10個配置される。 As shown in, in the long light emitting apparatus 31, the light emitting portion 36 disposed between the conductor 2 and conductors 3, LED luminous bulb 4 is disposed 10 pieces in series. この場合もLED発光球4には例えば2vのものを用いてよい。 In this case also the LED bulb 4 may be used as, for example, 2v. この長尺発光装置31に接続して用られる電源は、工事用電源であり、 Power is use to connect to the long light emitting apparatus 31 is a construction for the power supply,
工事用電源は通常では24vが使用されているから、発光部36に配設されるLED発光球4を10個とする。 Since construction power supply is normally being used 24v, the LED light-emitting bulb 4 disposed in the light emitting unit 36 ​​and 10.
これで発光部36の合計使用電力は20vとなるから、 This because the total power consumption of the light emitting portion 36 becomes 20v,
これよりも導線2及び導線3間の電圧が4v高くなる。 Than the voltage between the conductors 2 and wire 3 also is this increased 4v.
したがって、この場合は、マイナス極性側の導線3に電圧ドロップ抵抗32を配置し、この電圧ドロップ抵抗3 Therefore, in this case, a voltage drop resistor 32 disposed on lead 3 of the negative polarity side, the voltage drop resistor 3
2を介して工事用電源33に接続する。 Via 2 connecting to work for the power supply 33. この長尺発光装置31の具体的な形状は、図2の場合とほぼ同様である。 Specific shape of the elongated light-emitting device 31 is substantially the same as that of FIG. この場合、LED発光球4の配置間隔を例えば50 In this case, the arrangement interval of the LED bulb 4, for example 50
cmとしてもよく、その配置間隔は、予め任意に設定できる。 May be cm, the arrangement interval may arbitrarily set in advance.

【0033】また、このような長尺発光装置を、たとえば飛行機や劇場などの非常出口の縁に沿って配設すれば、万一の際の良い目印になる。 Further, such a long light emitting apparatus, for example when disposed along the edge of the very outlet of such airplanes, theaters, a good mark when the event.

【0034】 [0034]

【発明の効果】以上説明したように、本発明によれば、 As described in the foregoing, according to the present invention,
長尺発光装置に配設する発光球として球体の底部方向を除く全円球面方向に光を照射するLED発光球を用いるので、白熱豆電球同様に発光の八方からの視認性を維持しながら且つ全体として消費電力を低減させることができ、したがって、経済性の良い長尺発光装置の実現が可能となる。 Since an LED light-emitting bulb for emitting light to full circle sphere direction except the bottom direction of the sphere as a fireball to dispose the long light emitting apparatus, and while maintaining the visibility from all sides incandescent miniature lamp Similarly emission it is possible to reduce the power consumption as a whole, therefore, it is possible to realize a good economical long light emitting apparatus. また、LED発光球を用いるので、発光球に耐久性があり、したがって、保管や取り扱いの容易な長尺発光装置を提供するすることが可能となる。 Further, since an LED emitting bulb is durable in fireball, therefore, it is possible to provide easy elongated light-emitting device of the storage and handling. また、長尺発光装置を透明ホースに挿通して用いるので、ホースの持つ定型性と可撓性と表面の平滑性を活用でき、したがって、取り扱いが更に容易となり且つ汚れが落ち易くて便利な長尺発光装置が実現可能となる。 Furthermore, since used by inserting the elongated light-emitting device to the transparent hose, can take advantage of the smoothness of the fixed and flexibility and surface with the hose, therefore, convenient to easily fallen and dirt becomes handling easier long long light emitting apparatus can be realized.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】(a) は第1の実施の形態における長尺発光装置の構成を模式的に示す図、(b)はその回路構成を示す図である。 1 (a) is a diagram illustrating figure, (b) the circuit configuration showing a configuration of a long light emitting apparatus according to the first embodiment schematically.

【図2】第1の実施の形態における長尺発光装置の具体的な形状を示す図である。 2 is a diagram showing a specific shape of the long light emitting apparatus according to the first embodiment.

【図3】長尺発光装置に配設して使用されるLED発光球の構成を示す図である。 3 is a diagram showing a configuration of an LED light-emitting bulb that is used by arranging the elongated light-emitting device.

【図4】(a) はLED発光球を取り付けるソケットの形態を3例示す図であり、(b) はソケットアダプタにLE 4 (a) is a diagram showing three examples of the form of a socket for mounting an LED light-emitting bulb, (b) the LE the socket adapter
D発光球を固定した状態を示す図である。 It is a diagram showing a state of fixing the D fireball.

【図5】第1の実施の形態における長尺発光装置を公園内の大木の各枝毎に配置した使用形態の例を示す図である。 5 is a diagram showing an example of a usage pattern arranged for each branch of a large tree in a park the long light emitting apparatus according to the first embodiment.

【図6】第1の実施の形態における長尺発光装置を樹木の下の芝生の斜面に沿って配置した使用形態の例を示す図である。 6 is a diagram of the long light emitting apparatus of the first embodiment showing an example of a usage pattern arranged along the slope of grass under trees.

【図7】第1の実施の形態における長尺発光装置を家庭用のクリスマスツリーに取り付けた使用形態の例を示す図である。 [7] The long light emitting apparatus according to the first embodiment is a diagram showing an example of the use forms attached to the Christmas tree for home.

【図8】第2の実施の形態における長尺発光装置を示す図であり、(a) は模式図、(b)は具体的形態を示す図である。 8 is a diagram showing an elongated light-emitting device in the second embodiment, (a) shows the schematic view, (b) is a diagram showing a specific configuration.

【図9】第2の実施の形態における長尺発光装置の使用例を示す図であり、(a) はモダンアート風の電飾、(b) [Figure 9] is a diagram showing a use example of the long light emitting apparatus according to the second embodiment, (a) shows the modern art style illuminations, (b)
は夜空に巨大な花を描き出した例を示す図である。 Is a diagram showing an example in which portrays a huge flower in the night sky.

【図10】第3の実施の形態における長尺発光装置を示す図であり、(a) は工事現場における区分帯標識として用いる場合の構成を模式的に示す図、(b) はその回路図である。 [Figure 10] is a diagram showing an elongated light-emitting device in the third embodiment, (a) shows the diagram showing the configuration when used as a classification zone indicator at worksite schematically, (b) is a circuit diagram thereof it is.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 第1の実施の形態における長尺発光装置 2、3 導線 4 LED発光球 5 接続線 6 発光部 7 電源プラグ 8 抵抗 9 電源 11(11a、11b、11c) ソケット 12 球体 12b−1 胴側部 13 リード線 14 LEDチップ 15 すりガラス状の食刻 16 すり鉢状の切削(又は成型)部 17 ダイヤカット面 18 微細粒子 19 光拡散性キャップ部材 21 光拡散剤 22(22a、22b、22c) 絶縁性の円環部材 23 電極 24 ソケットアダプタ 25 第2の実施の形態における長尺発光装置 26 透明ホース 31 第3の実施の形態における長尺発光装置 32 電圧ドロップ抵抗 33 工事用電源 36 発光部 1 first elongate light-emitting devices 2 and 3 wires in the embodiment of the 4 LED light-emitting bulb 5 connecting line 6-emitting section 7 power plug 8 resistors 9 Power 11 (11a, 11b, 11c) socket 12 spheres 12b-1 cylinder side 13 lead 14 LED chip 15 ground-glass etch 16 bowl-shaped cutting (or molding) unit 17 diamond-cut surface 18 fine particles 19 light diffusing cap member 21 light diffusing agent 22 (22a, 22b, 22c) of the insulating circular member 23 electrode 24 socket adapter 25 elongated light-emitting device 32 voltage drop resistor 33 works for power 36 light emitting portion of the second elongated light-emitting device 26 transparent hose 31 in the embodiment of the third embodiment

Claims (1)

    (57)【特許請求の範囲】 (57) [the claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 半球状の先端を有する円柱状の樹脂体の 1. A cylindrical resin body having a distal end hemispherical
    底部に2本のリード端子を外部に出したLEDチップを The LED chips out two lead terminals to the outside bottom
    封入し、前記樹脂体の表面をすりガラス状に形成したこ Encapsulated, to form a surface of the resin body ground glass this
    とにより底部方向を除く全球面方向へほぼ同光量で光を照射するLED発光球と、 複数の前記LED発光球の電極に夫々接続され複数の前記LED 発光球を発光可能に保持する屈曲自在な導線と、 を備えたことを特徴とする長尺発光装置。 Freely LED light emission and spheres, bending that can emit holding respectively connected a plurality of the LED light emitting bulb to electrodes of a plurality of the LED light emitting bulb that emits light in approximately the same amount to all spherical directions except the bottom direction by the long light emitting apparatus comprising: the lead, the.
JP8227072A 1996-05-01 1996-08-28 Long light emitting apparatus Expired - Lifetime JP2909023B2 (en)

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JP8227072A JP2909023B2 (en) 1996-05-01 1996-08-28 Long light emitting apparatus
TW086105752A TW382658B (en) 1996-05-01 1997-04-30 Long light emitting device
CN97110840A CN1170109A (en) 1996-05-01 1997-04-30 Long light emitting apparatus
CA002204064A CA2204064A1 (en) 1996-05-01 1997-04-30 Long light emitting apparatus
US08/846,760 US5941626A (en) 1996-05-01 1997-04-30 Long light emitting apparatus
EP97201289A EP0805304A3 (en) 1996-05-01 1997-05-02 Long light emitting apparatus

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CA2204064A1 (en) 1997-11-01
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US5941626A (en) 1999-08-24
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JPH1021707A (en) 1998-01-23
EP0805304A3 (en) 1998-01-14

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