US20050129548A1 - Suction valve and reciprocating compressor having the same - Google Patents

Suction valve and reciprocating compressor having the same Download PDF

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Publication number
US20050129548A1
US20050129548A1 US10/912,178 US91217804A US2005129548A1 US 20050129548 A1 US20050129548 A1 US 20050129548A1 US 91217804 A US91217804 A US 91217804A US 2005129548 A1 US2005129548 A1 US 2005129548A1
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Prior art keywords
open
close
suction valve
suction
cylinder
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Abandoned
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US10/912,178
Inventor
Jong-Hoon Kim
Ho-Seon Rew
Jeong-Ho Lee
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LG Electronics Inc
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LG Electronics Inc
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Priority to KR89637/2003 priority Critical
Priority to KR1020030089637A priority patent/KR20050056601A/en
Assigned to LG ELECTRONICS INC. reassignment LG ELECTRONICS INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: KIM, JONG-HOON, LEE, JEONG-HO, REW, HO-SEON
Application filed by LG Electronics Inc filed Critical LG Electronics Inc
Publication of US20050129548A1 publication Critical patent/US20050129548A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B39/00Component parts, details, or accessories, of pumps or pumping systems specially adapted for elastic fluids, not otherwise provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B25/00 - F04B37/00
    • F04B39/10Adaptations or arrangements of distribution members
    • F04B39/1073Adaptations or arrangements of distribution members the members being reed valves

Abstract

Disclosed is a reciprocating compressor comprising: a motor part mounted inside a hermetic container for generating a rotational driving force; and a compression part for sucking a refrigerant into a cylinder and discharging the refrigerant through a suction channel and a discharge channel of a head accordingly as a piston is linearly reciprocated in the cylinder by the rotational driving force of the motor part, in the reciprocating compressor, a suction valve seat is included, the suction valve seat composed of: an open/close portion fixed between the cylinder and the head of the compression part and opposite to the suction channel for opening and closing the suction channel; and an elastic portion formed as a curved line at the periphery of the open/close portion for elastically supporting the open/close portion.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to a reciprocating compressor, and more particularly, to a suction valve capable of enhancing a compressing efficiency by improving a structure thereof for opening and closing a suction channel through which a refrigerant is sucked into a cylinder, and a reciprocating compressor having the suction valve.
  • 2. Description of the Conventional Art
  • A compressor is for compressing a refrigerant by constituting a part of a refrigerating cycle of a device such as a refrigerator, an air conditioner, etc. Generally, the compressor includes: a motor part installed inside a hermetic container for generating a rotational driving force; and a compression part for sucking and compressing a refrigerant by receiving the rotational driving force of the motor part.
  • The compression part is composed of: a cylinder for sucking a fluid; a piston reciprocatingly inserted into the cylinder; a suction valve and a discharge valve for alternately opening and closing the inner space of the cylinder according to the linear reciprocation of the piston; etc.
  • In a reciprocating compressor, the compression part transmits a rotational driving force generated from the motor part to the piston thereby to linearly reciprocate the piston. Accordingly as the piston linearly reciprocates, the suction valve and the discharge valve are alternately opened and closed thereby to suck a refrigerant into the cylinder and discharge the refrigerant, which is performed repeatedly and consecutively thus to compress the refrigerant.
  • FIG. 1 is a longitudinal section view showing a construction of a general reciprocating compressor. As shown, a supporting spring 110 is installed in a hermetic container 100 composed of a lower hermetic container 101 and an upper hermetic container 102. A motor part 120 and a compression part 130 are supported by the supporting spring 110.
  • The motor part 120 is composed of: a stator 122 a mounted at a frame 121; a rotor 122 b inserted into the stator 122 a thus to perform an electrical interaction with the stator 122 a; and a rotational shaft 123 inserted into the center of the frame 121 and fixedly coupled to the rotor 122 b.
  • The compression part 130 is positioned at the upper portion of the rotational shaft 123, and an eccentric portion 131 eccentric from the center of the rotational shaft 123 is integrally provided at the compression part 130. One end of a connection rod 132 is connected to the eccentric portion 131, and another end thereof is connected to one end of a piston 133. The piston 133 is inserted into a cylinder 134, and a head 135 having a suction channel and a discharge channel for sucking and discharging a refrigerant is provided at the front side of the cylinder 134. A suction valve seat 136 having a suction valve for opening and closing the suction channel is installed between the cylinder 134 and the head 135. A discharge valve (not shown) for opening and closing the discharge channel, and a head cover 137 separately provided with a suction muffler and a discharge muffler respectively connected to the suction channel and the discharge channel are formed at the front side of the head 135.
  • In the reciprocating compressor, when a power source is supplied to the motor part 120, a repulsive force and an attractive force are generated by the electrical interaction between the stator 122 a and the rotor 122 b of a motor 122. According to this, the rotor 122 b is rotated thus to rotate the rotational shaft 123.
  • When the rotational shaft 123 is rotated, the eccentric portion 131 formed at the upper portion of the rotational shaft 123 is eccentrically rotated centering around the rotational shaft 123. The connection rod 132 transmits the eccentric rotation motion of the eccentric portion 131 to the piston 133, so that the piston 133 is linearly reciprocated in the cylinder 134.
  • Accordingly as the piston is linearly reciprocated in the cylinder, the suction valve and the discharge valve are alternately operated thus to suck, compress, and discharge gas.
  • In the reciprocating compressor, the conventional suction valve for opening and closing the suction channel by a pressure difference inside the cylinder, is formed as a cut portion 200 cut as a predetermined shape at the suction valve seat 136 constituted with a thin plate having a predetermined area as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3.
  • The suction valve is composed of: an open/close portion 212 formed as a circular shape for opening and closing the suction channel; and an elastic portion 211 extended from the open/close portion as a straight line having a predetermined length for elastically supporting the open/close portion 212. The open/close portion and the elastic portion have a cantilever shape.
  • Operation of the suction valve will be explained in more detail as follows.
  • When the piston 133 reciprocated in the cylinder 134 is moved from an upper dead point H to a lower dead point L by receiving a driving force of the motor part, the elastic portion 211 of the suction valve is bent by a pressure difference between outside and inside of the cylinder thereby to open the suction channel 220. According to this, a refrigerant is sucked into the cylinder 134 through the suction channel of the head 135. When the piston 133 is moved from the lower dead point L to the upper dead point H, the open/close portion 212 gets straightened by the pressure difference between inside and outside of the cylinder 134 and by a restoration force of the elastic force thereby to block the suction channel 220. At the same time, the refrigerant inside the cylinder 134 is compressed, and a discharge valve (not shown) is moved thus to open a discharge channel (not shown) when the pressure of the refrigerant exceeds a preset pressure. According to this, the compressed refrigerant is discharged to outside of the cylinder through the discharge channel, and the discharged refrigerant is discharged to outside of the compressor through a muffler coupled to the cylinder.
  • However, in the process that the elastic portion 211 of the suction valve 210 is bent by the pressure difference between inside and outside of the cylinder 134 and the open/close portion 212 opens the suction channel 220 thus to suck the refrigerant into the cylinder 134, the open/close portion 212 opens/closes the suction channel 220 as an inclined state since the elastic portion 211 having a predetermined width is formed as a straight line. Additionally, the elastic portion 211 for elastically supporting the open/close portion 212 disturbs the refrigerant flow thus to cause a flow resistance of the refrigerant sucked into the cylinder 134 through the suction channel 220. According to this, a suction amount of the refrigerant sucked into the cylinder 134 through the suction channel 220 is relatively decreased thus to degrade the compression function, to cause noise due to the flow resistance, and thereby to lower the reliability.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a suction valve capable of maximizing a refrigerant suction amount and minimizing noise by minimizing a suction flow resistance of a refrigerant sucked into a cylinder at the time of opening a suction channel by a pressure difference between inside and outside of the cylinder, and a reciprocating compressor having the suction valve.
  • To achieve these and other advantages and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, as embodied and broadly described herein, there is provided a reciprocating compressor comprising: a motor part mounted inside a hermetic container for generating a rotational driving force; and a compression part for sucking a refrigerant into a cylinder and discharging the refrigerant through a suction channel and a discharge channel of a head accordingly as a piston is linearly reciprocated in the cylinder by the rotational driving force of the motor part, in the reciprocating compressor, a suction valve seat is included, the suction valve seat composed of: an open/close portion fixed between the cylinder and the head of the compression part and opposite to the suction channel for opening and closing the suction channel; and an elastic portion formed as a curved line at the periphery of the open/close portion for elastically supporting the open/close portion.
  • To achieve these and other advantages and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, as embodied and broadly described herein, there is also provided a suction valve comprising: an open/close portion formed as a thin plate of a predetermined shape for opening and closing a suction channel through which a refrigerant is sucked into a cylinder; and an elastic portion extended from the open/close portion as a curved line form to cover the open/close portion for elastically supporting the open/close portion.
  • The foregoing and other objects, features, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of the present invention when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.
  • In the drawings:
  • FIG. 1 is a longitudinal section view showing a construction of a reciprocating compressor in accordance with the conventional art;
  • FIG. 2 is a plane view showing a suction valve seat in accordance with the conventional art;
  • FIG. 3 is a longitudinal section view showing a state that a refrigerant is sucked by opening a suction valve in accordance with the conventional art;
  • FIG. 4 is a plane view showing a suction valve seat according to the present invention;
  • FIG. 5 is a longitudinal section view showing a state that a refrigerant is sucked by opening a suction valve according to the present invention; and
  • FIG. 6 is a graph showing a variation of an inner pressure of a cylinder and an outlet pressure of a suction muffler at the time of sucking and discharging a refrigerant in the conventional reciprocating compressor having a suction valve and a reciprocating compressor having a suction valve according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 is a graph showing a pressure loss of a valve in the conventional reciprocating compressor having a suction valve and a reciprocating compressor having a suction valve according to the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
  • Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of a reciprocating compressor according to the present invention will be explained with reference to the attached drawings.
  • Even if a plurality of preferred embodiments of a suction valve of a reciprocating compressor according to the present invention may exist, the most preferred embodiment will be explained hereinafter.
  • The reciprocating compressor according to the present invention comprises: a motor part for generating a rotational driving force; and a compression part for sucking and discharging a refrigerant by the rotational driving force of the motor part. The structure of the reciprocating compressor is equal to that of the conventional reciprocating compressor except the compression part.
  • The compression part includes: a cylinder; a piston mounted in the cylinder and linearly reciprocated by the rotational driving force, for sucking a refrigerant into the cylinder and discharging; a head installed at the front side of the cylinder and having a suction channel and a discharge channel for sucking a refrigerant and discharging; a suction valve seat provided between the cylinder and the head; an open/close portion opposite to the suction channel at the suction valve seat for opening and closing the suction channel; and an elastic portion formed at the periphery of the open/close portion as a curved line for elastically supporting the open/close portion.
  • FIG. 4 is a plane view showing a suction valve seat according to one embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 5 is a longitudinal section view showing a state that a refrigerant is sucked by opening a suction valve according to the present invention. A suction valve seat 400 is provided with a suction valve 440. The suction valve 440 is composed of: an open/close portion 441 opposite to a suction channel 411 formed ata head 410 for sucking a refrigerant of a suction muffler 420 into a cylinder 430; and an elastic portion 442 formed by cutting the periphery of the open/close portion 441 as a spiral shape.
  • As another embodiment of the suction valve 440, the elastic portion 442 cut as a double-spiral shape that the periphery of the open/close portion 441 is symmetrical in the diagonal direction, and for elastically supporting the open/close portion 441 may be formed.
  • As still another embodiment of the suction valve 440, an inner part except the open/close portion 441 may be cut. In that case, the material of the suction valve seat 400 can be reduced and the suction valve seat 400 can be fabricated with a light weight. It is preferable to cut a part that a stress is not concentrated in the suction valve seat 400.
  • The suction valve seat 400 is preferably abrasion-resistance processed in order to reduce an abrasion between the end of the open/close portion 441 and the head 410. The end of the open/close portion 441 collides with the head the most severely, and only the end of the open/close portion 441 can be selectively abrasion-resistance processed thereby to prevent the abrasion.
  • Operation of the suction valve of the reciprocating compressor according to the present invention will be explained as follows.
  • When the piston 433 reciprocated in the cylinder 430 is moved from an upper dead point H to a lower dead point L by receiving a driving force of the motor part, the elastic portion 442 of the suction valve is bent by a pressure difference between outside and inside of the cylinder. According to this, the open/close portion 441 connected to the elastic portion 442 opens the suction channel 411, and thereby a refrigerant is sucked into the cylinder 430 through the suction channel 411 of the head 410.
  • In the process that the elastic portion 442 of the suction valve 440 is bent by the pressure difference between inside and outside of the cylinder 430 and the open/close portion 441 opens the suction channel 411 thus to suck the refrigerant into the cylinder 430, the elastic portion 442 having a predetermined width and formed as a curved line is entirely and simultaneously deformed when compared the case that the elastic portion 442 is formed as a straight line. According to this, the entire open/close portion 441 simultaneously opens the suction channel 411, and thereby an effective flow area of the suction channel 411 becomes wide. Therefore, a refrigerant sucked through the suction channel 411 receives less flow resistance and a refrigerant suction amount is relatively increased, thereby enhancing the compression function and reducing noise due to the flow resistance.
  • The conventional suction valve of FIG. 2 and the suction valve according to one embodiment of the present invention of FIG. 4 were respectively applied to a reciprocating compressor thus to obtain the following result shown in the table 1, in which the heat capacity denotes a refrigerating capacity, the work input denotes a consumption power, the EER denotes an energy efficiency ratio, the Re-Exp denotes a loss generated when a refrigerant is re-expanded, the undershoot denotes a loss generated when a pressure is lowered below a reference pressure in the process of sucking a refrigerant, the suction heat denotes a loss generated when a temperature is lowered below a reference temperature in the process of sucking a refrigerant, the Comp denotes a loss generated in the process of compressing a refrigerant, the overshoot denotes a loss generated when a pressure is increased above a reference pressure in the process of discharging a refrigerant; the Re-Exp denotes an efficiency generated when a refrigerant is re-expanded, the undershoot denotes an efficiency generated when a pressure is lowered below a reference pressure in the process of sucking a refrigerant, the suction heat denotes an efficiency generated when a temperature is lowered below a reference temperature in the process of sucking a refrigerant, the Comp denotes an efficiency generated in the process of compressing a refrigerant, the overshoot denotes an efficiency generated when a pressure is increased above a reference pressure in the process of discharging a refrigerant, and the over-all denotes the entire compression efficiency. TABLE 1 Heat Work Loss (W) Capacity Input Suction (Kcal/h) (W) EER Re-Exp Undershoot heat Comp Overshoot Conventional 232.82 162.2 5.699 −14.702 4.7694 39.3203 −7.508 7.0705 suction valve Suction valve 236.22 163.4 5.739 −14.253 4.1836 38.3781 −9.044 7.5446 of the present invention Efficiency Suction Re-Exp Undershoot heat Comp Overshoot Over-all 0.9362 0.9632 0.8625 1.0116 0.9453 0.7447 0.9365 0.9677 0.8718 1.0522 0.9411 0.7839
  • As shown in the above table 1, in the reciprocating compressor having the suction valve according to the present invention, a loss generated when a pressure is increased above a reference pressure (overshoot) in the process of discharging a refrigerant was more than that of the reciprocating compressor having the conventional suction valve, and an efficiency generated when a pressure is increased above a reference pressure (overshoot) in the process of discharging a refrigerant was less than that of the reciprocating compressor having the conventional suction valve. However, in the reciprocating compressor having the suction valve according to the present invention, the energy efficiency (EER) was increased by approximately 0.04 and the entire compression efficiency (Over-all) was increased by approximately 0.04%, that is, the loss was less and the efficiency was increased entirely.
  • FIG. 6 is a graph showing a variation of an inner pressure of a cylinder and an outlet pressure of a suction muffler at the time of sucking and discharging a refrigerant in the conventional reciprocating compressor having a suction valve and a reciprocating compressor having a suction valve according to the present invention, and FIG. 7 shows a loss of the suction valve obtained by subtracting the inner pressure of the cylinder from the outlet pressure of the suction muffler.
  • Referring to FIG. 6, the outlet pressure of the suction muffler will be explained. When a rotation phase angle of the rotational shaft for sucking a refrigerant into the cylinder is in a range of 220˜315°, a pulsation component was greatly reduced in the present invention than in the conventional art and thereby noise generated by opening and closing the suction valve was greatly reduced.
  • As shown in FIG. 7, the loss of the suction valve is increased in the present invention than in the conventional art when the rotation phase angle of the rotational shaft is approximately 235°. However, the loss of the suction valve is greatly decreased in the present invention than in the conventional art at another rotation phase angle except the 2350.
  • As aforementioned, since the effective flow area of the suction valve becomes wide and the flow resistance due to the refrigerant suction becomes less, the compression efficiency of the refrigerant is entirely increased.
  • In summary, in the reciprocating compressor according to the present invention, the suction valve for sucking a refrigerant into the cylinder is composed of: the open/close portion for opening and closing the suction channel; and the elastic portion formed at the periphery of the open/close portion as a curved line for elastically supporting the open/close portion. According to this, noise generated form the compressor is reduced and the effective flow area becomes wide at the time of sucking the refrigerant thus to increase a suction amount of the refrigerant, thereby increasing a suction efficiency and enhancing the compression efficiency of the compressor.
  • As the present invention may be embodied in several forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof, it should also be understood that the above-described embodiments are not limited by any of the details of the foregoing description, unless otherwise specified, but rather should be construed broadly within its spirit and scope as defined in the appended claims, and therefore all changes and modifications that fall within the metes and bounds of the claims, or equivalence of such metes and bounds are therefore intended to be embraced by the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. A reciprocating compressor comprising:
a motor part mounted inside a hermetic container for generating a rotational driving force; and
a compression part for sucking a refrigerant into a cylinder and discharging the refrigerant through a suction channel and a discharge channel of a head accordingly as a piston is linearly reciprocated in the cylinder by the rotational driving force of the motor part,
in the reciprocating compressor, a suction valve seat is included, the suction valve seat composed of: an open/close portion fixed between the cylinder and the head of the compression part and opposite to the suction channel for opening and closing the suction channel; and an elastic portion formed as a curved line at the periphery of the open/close portion for elastically supporting the open/close portion.
2. The reciprocating compressor of claim 1, wherein the suction valve seat is provided with an elastic portion cut as a spiral shape at the periphery of the open/close portion for elastically supporting the open/close portion.
3. The reciprocating compressor of claim 1, wherein the suction valve seat is provided with a cut inner part except the open/close portion.
4. The reciprocating compressor of claim 3, wherein the suction valve seat is provided with an elastic portion cut as a spiral shape at the periphery of the open/close portion for elastically supporting the open/close portion.
5. The reciprocating compressor of claim 1, wherein the suction valve seat is abrasion-resistance processed in order to reduce an abrasion between the end of the open/close portion and the head.
6. A suction valve comprising:
an open/close portion formed as a thin plate of a predetermined shape for opening and closing a suction channel through which gas is sucked into a cylinder; and
an elastic portion extended from the open/close portion as a curved line to cover the open/close portion for elastically supporting the open/close portion.
US10/912,178 2003-12-10 2004-08-06 Suction valve and reciprocating compressor having the same Abandoned US20050129548A1 (en)

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KR89637/2003 2003-12-10
KR1020030089637A KR20050056601A (en) 2003-12-10 2003-12-10 A reciprocating compressor

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CN (1) CN1626802A (en)
DE (1) DE102004039452A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080240937A1 (en) * 2007-03-27 2008-10-02 Lg Electronics Inc. Two stage reciprocating compressor and refrigerator having the same
US20080245097A1 (en) * 2007-04-04 2008-10-09 Lg Electronics Inc. Two stage reciprocating compressor and refrigerator having the same

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP6425159B2 (en) * 2014-04-28 2018-11-21 澤藤電機株式会社 Vibratory compressor

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US7775775B2 (en) 2007-03-27 2010-08-17 Lg Electronics Inc. Two stage reciprocating compressor and refrigerator having the same
US20080245097A1 (en) * 2007-04-04 2008-10-09 Lg Electronics Inc. Two stage reciprocating compressor and refrigerator having the same
US7901192B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2011-03-08 Lg Electronics Inc. Two stage reciprocating compressor and refrigerator having the same

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KR20050056601A (en) 2005-06-16
CN1626802A (en) 2005-06-15
DE102004039452A1 (en) 2005-07-14
JP2005171988A (en) 2005-06-30

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