US20050066805A1 - Hard armor composite - Google Patents

Hard armor composite Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20050066805A1
US20050066805A1 US10/664,233 US66423303A US2005066805A1 US 20050066805 A1 US20050066805 A1 US 20050066805A1 US 66423303 A US66423303 A US 66423303A US 2005066805 A1 US2005066805 A1 US 2005066805A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
adhesive
hard armor
armor composite
composite according
facing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/664,233
Inventor
Andrew Park
Dave Park
Alexander Park
William Perciballi
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS LLC
PTI Materials LLC
Original Assignee
PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS LLC
PTI Materials LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS LLC, PTI Materials LLC filed Critical PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS LLC
Priority to US10/664,233 priority Critical patent/US20050066805A1/en
Assigned to PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC reassignment PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: PARK, DAVE(AKA DAVID PARK)
Assigned to PTI MATERIALS, LLC reassignment PTI MATERIALS, LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC
Assigned to PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC reassignment PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: PARK, ALEXANDER J.
Assigned to PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC reassignment PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: PARK, ANDREW D.
Assigned to PARK, AL, PARK, ANDREW, PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC, PARK, DAVID reassignment PARK, AL SECURITY AGREEMENT Assignors: PTI MATERIALS, LLC
Publication of US20050066805A1 publication Critical patent/US20050066805A1/en
Assigned to ARMORWORKS ENTERPRISES, INC reassignment ARMORWORKS ENTERPRISES, INC RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: THE UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/02Plate construction
    • F41H5/04Plate construction composed of more than one layer
    • F41H5/0414Layered armour containing ceramic material
    • F41H5/0428Ceramic layers in combination with additional layers made of fibres, fabrics or plastics
    • F41H5/0435Ceramic layers in combination with additional layers made of fibres, fabrics or plastics the additional layers being only fibre- or fabric-reinforced layers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/02Plate construction
    • F41H5/04Plate construction composed of more than one layer
    • F41H5/0442Layered armour containing metal
    • F41H5/0457Metal layers in combination with additional layers made of fibres, fabrics or plastics
    • F41H5/0464Metal layers in combination with additional layers made of fibres, fabrics or plastics the additional layers being only fibre- or fabric-reinforced layers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/249921Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component
    • Y10T428/249924Noninterengaged fiber-containing paper-free web or sheet which is not of specified porosity
    • Y10T428/24994Fiber embedded in or on the surface of a polymeric matrix
    • Y10T428/24995Two or more layers
    • Y10T428/249951Including a free metal or alloy constituent

Abstract

A hard armor composite includes a rigid facing and a ballistic fabric backing. The fabric backing is carried by the facing, and includes an array of bundled high-performance fibers. The fibers have a tensile strength greater than 7 grams per denier and a denier per filament ratio of less than 5.4.

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD AND BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention relates to a hard armor composite, and more particularly to an improved small arms protection insert (SAPI) applicable for protecting against multiple small arms bullets and projectiles. In a preferred embodiment, the invention incorporates a rigid ceramic plate and a ballistic fabric backing.
  • Ceramic armor is typically used for body armor and for the outer coverings of different types of vehicles, such as various types of land vehicles, ships, and aircraft. Typically, ceramic tiles are adhesively secured to a substrate then encapsulated in an outer cover. The armor system is then attached to a vehicle by a variety of means or merely placed in a fabric pocket, as in the case of body armor. An inherent problem in the prior art is that ceramic armor is configured for a fixed level of protection against a single ballistic threat.
  • The current SAPI incorporates ceramic and an extended chain polyethylene fiber base material known in the industry as “Spectra Unidirectional Cross Plied”. This material contains fibers produced by Honeywell International, Inc., and distributed under the brand Spectra Shield® PCR and Spectra Shield® Plus PCR. The current SAPI has been accepted for application by the United States military. However, due to limited production and sources of Spectra Shield® PCR and Spectra Shield® Plus PCR, a need exists for an alternative acceptable ballistic fabric construction which can be readily obtained from multiple sources.
  • A further need exists for a reduced-weight fabric construction which offers at least comparable and preferably increased ballistic performance. Military specifications call for a SAPI which meets predetermined maximum weight and performance criteria. The ballistic fabric used in the current SAPI has a denier per filament (dpf) ratio of 5.4—denier being defined as a weight measurement in grams per 9000 meter of fiber length; and denier per filament (dpf) defined as denier divided by the number of filaments in a fiber bundle. For an example, Spectra Shield® PCR comprises a nominal 1300 denier fiber with 240 filaments (or, 5.4 dpf). The present invention uses a lower dpf fiber which meets or exceeds the required ballistic performance criteria. The reduced fiber weight enables use of a heavier, less costly ceramic in a SAPI which further satisfies the required maximum weight criteria.
  • SUMMARY OF INVENTION
  • Therefore, it is an object of the invention to provide a hard armor composite which incorporates a fabric backing including high performance, low denier-per-filament (dpf) fibers.
  • It is another object of the invention to provide a hard armor composite which offers substantial ballistic performance and is relatively lightweight.
  • It is another object of the invention to provide a hard armor composite which enables use of a less costly and heavier ceramic material without sacrificing ballistic performance.
  • It is another object of the invention to provide a hard armor composite which provides protection against multiple types of ballistic projectiles including NATO 7.62×51 mm—80 Ball, Soviet 7.62 mm×54R Ball Type LPS, and U.S. 5.56 mm×M855 Ball.
  • It is another object of the invention to provide a hard armor composite which may be used alone or as a supplementary armor system to provide increased protection from ballistic projectiles.
  • It is another object of the invention to provide a small arms protection insert (SAPI) applicable for being worn by military and law enforcement personnel.
  • It is another object of the invention to provide a hard armor composite which, when placed in a body armor vest pocket, provides ballistic protection from 5.56 mm and 7.62 rounds.
  • It is another object of the invention to provide alternate, lighter, new and useful means of protecting against ballistic projectiles attack.
  • It is another object of the invention to provide a new and useful means of arranging ceramic tile armor elements carried on a ballistic fabric backing.
  • It is another object of the invention to provide a new and useful means of arranging a composite armor backing in conjunction with a ceramic facing.
  • These and other objects of the present invention are achieved in the preferred embodiments disclosed below by providing a hard armor composite including a rigid facing and a ballistic fabric backing. The fabric backing is carried by the facing, and includes an array of bundled high-performance fibers. The fibers have a tensile strength greater than 7 grams per denier and a denier per filament ratio of less than 5.4.
  • The term “carried by” means that the fabric backing is bonded or otherwise secured, either directly or indirectly, to the rigid facing.
  • According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the fabric backing includes a plurality of overlying fabric layers. The fabric layers may be woven, non-woven, partially non-woven, or knitted. Alternatively, the layers may comprise unidirectional tape which is cross-plied in any angle, or three-dimensional woven or knitted fabrics.
  • According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the fabric layers are laminated under heat and pressure to form a unitary ballistic structure.
  • According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, means are provided for adhering the fabric backing to the facing.
  • Preferably, the means for adhering is an adhesive selected from the group including a thermoplastic polymer resin matrix and a thermosetting polymer resin matrix.
  • According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the means for adhering is a polymer film.
  • According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the means for adhering is an adhesive selected from the group including an epoxy adhesive, a polysulfide adhesive, a polyurethane adhesive, a phenolic adhesive, a polyester adhesive, a polyvinyl butyral adhesive, a polyolefin adhesive, and a vinyl ester adhesive.
  • According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the facing is constructed of a material selected from the group including ceramic, steel, glass, aluminum, titanium, and graphite.
  • Preferably, the high-performance fibers are selected from the group including aramid, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), poly {p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisoxazole} (PBO), and poly {diimidazo pyridinylene (dihydroxy)phenylene} (M5).
  • Preferably, the high-performance fibers comprise one or a combination of the following commercial synthetic fibers: Twaron®, manufactured and distributed by Teijin Twaron® in Conyers, Ga.; Spectra Shield® PCR, manufactured and distributed by Honeywell International, Inc. of Colonial Heights, Va.; PBO Zylon®, manufactured and distributed by Toyobo, Japan; and M5.
  • Alternatively, the fabric backing may comprise multiple layers including one or a combination of Dyneema® UD75 HB2 unidirectional cross-plied material, manufactured and distributed by DSM of Greenville, N.C. and DSM of the Netherlands; and T-Flex™ unidirectional cross-plied material, manufactured and marketed by PTI Armor Systems of Glendora, Calif.
  • According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the rigid facing includes a generally flat, continuous monolithic plate. The plate may also have a slight single, double, or compound curvature.
  • Preferably, the rigid facing and fabric backing have a combined thickness of less than 0.900-inches.
  • Preferably, the rigid facing and fabric backing have a combined weight of less than 5.1 pounds per square foot.
  • According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the rigid facing is constructed of a ceramic material selected from the group including boron carbide, silicon carbide, titanium diboride, aluminum nitride, silicon nitride, sintered silicon carbide, sintered silicon nitride, and aluminum oxide.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • Some of the objects of the invention have been set forth above. Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear as the description proceeds when taken in conjunction with the following drawings, in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a hard armor composite according to one preferred embodiment of the present invention, and showing a portion of the outer cover torn away to expose the interior elements;
  • FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the hard armor composite taken substantially along line 2-2 of FIG. 1; and
  • FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a hard armor composite according to a second preferred embodiment of the present invention, and showing a portion of the outer cover torn away.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT AND BEST MODE
  • Referring now specifically to the drawings, a hard armor composite according to the present invention is illustrated in FIG. 1, and shown generally at reference numeral 10. In one application, the composite 10 is a small arms protection insert (SAPI) designed to protect against multiple small arms bullets and projectiles. The composite 10 is constructed according to United States military specifications, CO/PD 00-03D dated Jan. 13, 2003, in sizes X-small, small, medium, large, and X-large ranging in weight from 2.85 to 5.35 pounds. All SAPI sizes have a uniform nominal areal density of 5.1 pounds per square foot or less. The dimensional measurements are indicated in Drawing Nos. 2-6-265, 2-6-266, 2-6-267, 2-6-268, and 2-6-269 of CO/PD 00-03D. The entire subject matter of CO/PD 00-03D, including text, drawings, tables, and charts, is incorporated herein by reference.
  • As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the hard armor composite (SAPI) 10 comprises a ceramic plate 11 and ballistic fabric backing 12 encased in an outer cover 14. The cover 14 may be formed of a single knit material, such as nylon fabric, or may be a rubberized coating formed by dipping, or may be a combination of fabric, rigid plastic, and foam or honeycomb structure that protects the ceramic from wear-and-tear, and which contains ceramic particles on impact as appropriate. Preferably, the cover 14 includes a bake panel 15 that either partially or completely covers the rear surface of the composite 10.
  • The ceramic plate 11 is a rigid facing defining a first level of hard armor protection in the composite SAPI. The ceramic plate 11 may include a number of individual elements, such as ceramic tiles, or may be a singular (monolithic) structure that is either flat or molded to a desired shape. The plate 11 is made of any suitable ceramic material, such as boron carbide, silicon carbide, high purity aluminum oxide, titanium diboride, aluminum nitride or silicon nitride or sintered silicon carbide and sintered silicon nitride ceramics. Alternatively, a ceramic matrix composite or metal matrix composite containing any of above-mentioned ceramics could be used. Although ceramic thickness may be varied to suit the specific SAPI need, the preferred ceramic arrangement ranges from 0.080-inches to 0.40-inches in thickness.
  • The fabric backing 12 is bonded or otherwise secured, either directly or indirectly, to the ceramic plate 11, and provides a second level of protection against ballistic penetration. Preferably, the ceramic plate 11 and fabric backing 12 are joined together by a layer 16 of adhesive, such as a thermoplastic or thermoset polymer, an elastomeric resin matrix, or a film, such as epoxy, polyurethane, polysulfide, polyolefin, phenolic, polyester, vinyl ester, polyvinyl butyral.
  • The backing 12 is constructed of bundled, high-performance, low denier per filament (dpf) fibers comprising any one or a combination of aramid, extended chain ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), poly {p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisoxazole} (PBO), and poly {diimidazo pyridinylene (dihydroxy) phenylene} (M5). Each of these fibers has a tensile strength greater than 7 grams per denier. Suitable commercial fibers include: Twaron® micro-denier fiber of less than nominal 1000 denier and 1.5 dpf or lower; Spectra Shield® PCR fiber of less than nominal 1300 denier and less than 5.4 dpf; Dyneema® UD (unidirectional) fiber of nominal 1600 denier and 2.0 dpf or lower; PBO Zylon® fiber of nominal 1000 or 500 denier and 1.5 dpf or lower; and aramid Kevlar® fiber of nominal 1500 denier and 1.5 dpf. The fibers are preferably HM (high modulus) grade with low moisture content. The preferred embodiment utilizes high-performance fibers having less than 5.4 dpf, and more preferably, less than 2.0 dpf, and most preferably, less than 1.5 dpf.
  • The fibers are incorporated in multiple, stacked layers comprising knit, woven, or non-woven fabrics, non-woven or woven unidirectional tapes, felts, and three-dimensional structures. The stacked layers are laminated under heat and pressure together with any of a variety of polymer compounds to create a dense, rigid, unitary ballistic structure ranging in thickness from 0.130-inches to 0.350-inches. Lamination occurs via autoclave, press molding, a resin transfer mold, and/or an oven with vacuum pressure. According to one embodiment, the fabric backing 12 is further encased in a polymer matrix or film, specifically, a thermoplastic or thermoset matrix. The matrix may include any suitable polymer resin or film, such as phenolic, polysulfide, phenolic, polyvinyl butyral rubber blends, polyester, vinyl ester, polyurethane, and polyolefin resins or combinations thereof. When using a polymer resin matrix, the preferred resin content ranges from fifteen to twenty-four percent by weight.
  • In an alternate embodiment shown in FIG. 3, the hard armor composite (SAPI) 20 includes an arrangement of individual ceramic tiles 21 defining a rigid facing, an adhesive layer 22, and a ballistic fabric backing 23. The ceramic tiles 21 can be square or otherwise shaped to suit the dimensional needs of a particular application. The fabric backing 23 incorporates high-performance, low dpf fibers, and is constructed in a manner identical to that described above. The adhesive layer 22 joins the tile elements and fabric backing together to form a unitary ballistic composite.
  • In each of the above embodiments, the hard armor composite 10, 20 forms a SAPI which meets or exceeds the ballistic performance criteria outlined in CO/PD 00-03D. Specifically, Section 3.9.3 of CO/PD 00-03D states that the SAPI when inserted in a nylon cordura carrier will be capable of defeating three impacts (2 impacts at 0-degrees obliquity and 1 impact at 30-degrees obliquity) from each of the following threats:
  • a. NATO 7.62×51 mm—80 Ball at 2,750+50 feet per second.
  • b. Soviet 7.62 mm×54R Ball Type LPS at 2,300+50 feet per second.
  • c. U.S. 5.56 mm M855 Ball at 3,250+50 feet per second.
  • The use of a ballistic fabric backing incorporating high-performance, low dpf fibers not only reduces the overall weight of the composite, but offers increased ballistic performance as compared relatively high dpf fibers. The current commercial SAPI incorporates high-performance fibers with a 5.4 dpf. The V50 ballistic performance of fabric constructed of this fiber is compared in the table below with fabric of lower dpf fibers.
  • V50 data with 9 mm 124 grams per Mil-STD 662.
  • UHMWPE fiber based fabric:
    Dpf V50(fps) ADT(Areal density) psf
    Spectra Shield ® 5.4 1590 .91
    Dyneema ® UD 2.0 1679 .91
  • Aramid fiber based fabric:
    Kevlar ® 29 1.5 1290 .80
    Kevlar ® 29 1.5 1400 1.0
    Twaron ® 1.0 1483 .87
    Twaron ® 1.0 1562 .91
    T-Flex ™ 1.0 1520 .80
    T-Flex ™ 1.0 1590 .93
  • A hard armor composite is described above. Various details of the invention may be changed without departing from its scope. Furthermore, the foregoing description of the preferred embodiment of the invention and best mode for practicing the invention are provided for the purpose of illustration only and not for the purpose of limitation—the invention being defined by the claims.

Claims (20)

1. A hard armor composite, comprising:
(a) a rigid facing; and
(b) a ballistic fabric backing carried by said facing, and comprising an array of bundled high-performance fibers, said fibers having a tensile strength greater than 7 grams per denier and a denier per filament ratio of less than 5.4.
2. A hard armor composite according to claim 1, wherein said fabric backing comprises a plurality of overlying fabric layers.
3. A hard armor composite according to claim 2, wherein said fabric layers are laminated under heat and pressure to form a unitary ballistic structure.
4. A hard armor composite according to claim 1, and comprising means for adhering said fabric backing to said facing.
5. A hard armor composite according to claim 4, wherein said means for adhering comprises an adhesive selected from the group consisting of a thermoplastic polymer resin matrix and a thermosetting polymer resin matrix.
6. A hard armor composite according to claim 4, wherein said means for adhering comprises a polymer film.
7. A hard armor composite according to claim 4, wherein said means for adhering comprises an adhesive selected from the group consisting of an epoxy adhesive, a polysulfide adhesive, a polyurethane adhesive, a phenolic adhesive, a polyester adhesive, a polyvinyl butyral adhesive, a polyolefin adhesive, and a vinyl ester adhesive.
8. A hard armor composite according to claim 1, wherein said facing is constructed of a material selected from the group consisting of ceramic, steel, glass, aluminum, titanium, and graphite.
9. A hard armor composite according to claim 1, wherein said high-performance fibers are selected from the group consisting of aramid, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), poly{p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisoxazole} (PBO), and poly {diimidazo pyridinylene(dihydroxy)phenylene} (M5).
10. A hard armor composite according to claim 1, wherein said rigid facing comprising a generally flat, continuous monolithic plate.
11. A hard armor composite according to claim 1, wherein said rigid facing and fabric backing have a combined thickness of less than 0.900-inches.
12. A hard armor composite according to claim 11, wherein said rigid facing and fabric backing have a combined weight of less than 5.1 pounds per square foot.
13. A hard armor composite, comprising:
(a) a ceramic facing; and
(b) a ballistic fabric backing carried by said facing, and comprising an array of bundled high-performance fibers, said fibers having a tensile strength greater than 7 grams per denier and a denier per filament ratio of no more than 2.0.
14. A hard armor composite according to claim 13, wherein said ceramic facing comprises a material selected from the group consisting of boron carbide, silicon carbide, titanium diboride, aluminum nitride, silicon nitride, sintered silicon carbide, sintered silicon nitride, and aluminum oxide.
15. A hard armor composite according to claim 13, and comprising means for adhering said fabric backing to said ceramic facing.
16. A hard armor composite according to claim 15, wherein said means for adhering comprises an adhesive selected from the group consisting of an epoxy adhesive, a polysulfide adhesive, a polyurethane adhesive, a phenolic adhesive, a polyester adhesive, a polyvinyl butyral adhesive, or a polyolefin adhesive, and a vinyl ester adhesive.
17. A hard armor composite according to claim 13, wherein said ceramic facing comprises a generally flat, continuous monolithic plate.
18. A hard armor composite according to claim 13, wherein said ceramic facing and fabric backing have a combined thickness of less than 0.900-inches.
19. A hard armor composite according to claim 18, wherein said ceramic facing and fabric backing have a combined weight of less than 5.1 pounds per square foot.
20. A hard armor composite according to claim 13, wherein said high-performance fibers are selected from the group consisting of aramid, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), poly{p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisoxazole} (PBO), and poly{diimidazo pyridinylene (dihydroxy) phenylene} (M5).
US10/664,233 2003-09-17 2003-09-17 Hard armor composite Abandoned US20050066805A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/664,233 US20050066805A1 (en) 2003-09-17 2003-09-17 Hard armor composite

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/664,233 US20050066805A1 (en) 2003-09-17 2003-09-17 Hard armor composite
EP20040255688 EP1517112A1 (en) 2003-09-17 2004-09-17 Hard armor composite
US11/259,878 US7549366B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2005-10-27 Hard armor composite
US12/456,746 US7827898B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2009-06-22 Hard armor composite
US12/925,576 US8065947B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2010-10-25 Hard armor composite

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/259,878 Continuation US7549366B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2005-10-27 Hard armor composite

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/259,878 Continuation US7549366B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2005-10-27 Hard armor composite
US12/456,746 Continuation US7827898B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2009-06-22 Hard armor composite

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20050066805A1 true US20050066805A1 (en) 2005-03-31

Family

ID=34194744

Family Applications (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/664,233 Abandoned US20050066805A1 (en) 2003-09-17 2003-09-17 Hard armor composite
US11/259,878 Active US7549366B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2005-10-27 Hard armor composite
US12/456,746 Expired - Fee Related US7827898B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2009-06-22 Hard armor composite
US12/925,576 Active US8065947B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2010-10-25 Hard armor composite

Family Applications After (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/259,878 Active US7549366B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2005-10-27 Hard armor composite
US12/456,746 Expired - Fee Related US7827898B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2009-06-22 Hard armor composite
US12/925,576 Active US8065947B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2010-10-25 Hard armor composite

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (4) US20050066805A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1517112A1 (en)

Cited By (51)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050195966A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2005-09-08 Sigma Dynamics, Inc. Method and apparatus for optimizing the results produced by a prediction model
US20050233380A1 (en) * 2004-04-19 2005-10-20 Sdc Materials, Llc. High throughput discovery of materials through vapor phase synthesis
US20060150488A1 (en) * 2004-12-23 2006-07-13 Becker Underwood, Inc. Shelf life and on seed stabilization of liquid bacterium inoculants
US20070068377A1 (en) * 2005-05-20 2007-03-29 Pizhong Qiao Hybrid composite structures for ballistic protection
US20080236378A1 (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-02 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Affixable armor tiles
US20080280756A1 (en) * 2007-05-11 2008-11-13 Sdc Materials, Inc., A Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Nano-skeletal catalyst
US20080307953A1 (en) * 2006-07-20 2008-12-18 Dynamic Defense Materials, Llc Encapsulated ballistic structure
WO2009023638A1 (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-19 Gagne Robert R Lightweight ballistic protection materials
US7540228B1 (en) * 2003-10-28 2009-06-02 Strike Face Technology Incorporated Ceramic armour and method of construction
US20090214812A1 (en) * 2005-06-23 2009-08-27 Shane Bartus Protective Composite Structures and Methods of Making Protective Composite Structures
US20100117253A1 (en) * 2008-11-10 2010-05-13 Bourque John M Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US20100117252A1 (en) * 2008-11-10 2010-05-13 John Bourque Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US20100151234A1 (en) * 2005-08-10 2010-06-17 Chiou Minshon J Penetration Resistant Composite and Article Comprising Same
US20100282062A1 (en) * 2007-11-16 2010-11-11 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Armor protection against explosively-formed projectiles
US7845265B1 (en) 2003-12-09 2010-12-07 Armorworks Enterprises, Llc Non-ceramic hard armor composite
US7866248B2 (en) 2006-01-23 2011-01-11 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Encapsulated ceramic composite armor
US20110023695A1 (en) * 2009-04-20 2011-02-03 Barrday Inc. Ballistic composites having large denier per filament high performance yarns
US20110107905A1 (en) * 2009-11-06 2011-05-12 Kryron Global, Llc Ballistic strike plate and assembly
US20110143915A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Pinning and affixing nano-active material
US20110144382A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Advanced catalysts for fine chemical and pharmaceutical applications
US20110143933A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Advanced catalysts for automotive applications
US20110143041A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Non-plugging d.c. plasma gun
US20110143916A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Catalyst production method and system
US20110143926A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method of forming a catalyst with inhibited mobility of nano-active material
US20110143930A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Tunable size of nano-active material on nano-support
US20110174143A1 (en) * 2007-09-28 2011-07-21 Sanborn Steven L Apparatus, methods and system for improved lightweight armor protection
US20110283874A1 (en) * 2009-11-17 2011-11-24 Benteler Automobiltechnik Gmbh Armor steel structure
US8069770B1 (en) 2009-04-24 2011-12-06 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Modular spaced armor assembly
US20120055327A1 (en) * 2006-04-20 2012-03-08 Holowczak John E Armor system having ceramic matrix composite layers
US8470112B1 (en) 2009-12-15 2013-06-25 SDCmaterials, Inc. Workflow for novel composite materials
US8481449B1 (en) 2007-10-15 2013-07-09 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play oxide catalysts
US8545652B1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2013-10-01 SDCmaterials, Inc. Impact resistant material
US8668803B1 (en) 2009-12-15 2014-03-11 SDCmaterials, Inc. Sandwich of impact resistant material
US8669202B2 (en) 2011-02-23 2014-03-11 SDCmaterials, Inc. Wet chemical and plasma methods of forming stable PtPd catalysts
US8679433B2 (en) 2011-08-19 2014-03-25 SDCmaterials, Inc. Coated substrates for use in catalysis and catalytic converters and methods of coating substrates with washcoat compositions
US8689671B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2014-04-08 Federal-Mogul World Wide, Inc. Lightweight armor and methods of making
JP2014509265A (en) * 2010-10-18 2014-04-17 グリーンヒル・アンチバリスティクス・コーポレーション Gradient nanoparticle - carbon allotrope - polymer composite
US20140230638A1 (en) * 2013-02-21 2014-08-21 Blake Lockwood Waldrop Multi-Layer Multi-Impact Ballistic Body Armor And Method Of Manufacturing The Same
US9156025B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2015-10-13 SDCmaterials, Inc. Three-way catalytic converter using nanoparticles
US20150316356A1 (en) * 2013-10-01 2015-11-05 Mystery Ranch Ltd. Ballistic plate materials and method
US9182204B2 (en) 2011-07-28 2015-11-10 Mac, Llc Subsonic ammunition casing
US9283882B1 (en) * 2013-02-06 2016-03-15 Armorworks Enterprises LLC Convertible fighting vehicle
US9335137B2 (en) 2011-07-28 2016-05-10 Mac, Llc Polymeric ammunition casing geometry
US9427732B2 (en) 2013-10-22 2016-08-30 SDCmaterials, Inc. Catalyst design for heavy-duty diesel combustion engines
US9453714B2 (en) 2014-04-04 2016-09-27 Mac, Llc Method for producing subsonic ammunition casing
US9511352B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2016-12-06 SDCmaterials, Inc. Three-way catalytic converter using nanoparticles
US9517448B2 (en) 2013-10-22 2016-12-13 SDCmaterials, Inc. Compositions of lean NOx trap (LNT) systems and methods of making and using same
US9528799B2 (en) 2014-01-13 2016-12-27 Mac Llc Neck polymeric ammunition casing geometry
US9586179B2 (en) 2013-07-25 2017-03-07 SDCmaterials, Inc. Washcoats and coated substrates for catalytic converters and methods of making and using same
US9687811B2 (en) 2014-03-21 2017-06-27 SDCmaterials, Inc. Compositions for passive NOx adsorption (PNA) systems and methods of making and using same
US9752855B2 (en) * 2008-11-25 2017-09-05 Np Aerospace Limited Combined vehicular armour

Families Citing this family (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050066805A1 (en) * 2003-09-17 2005-03-31 Park Andrew D. Hard armor composite
ITFI20050210A1 (en) * 2005-10-07 2007-04-08 Cosimo Cioffi garment construction for self-protection
US7698985B2 (en) * 2005-12-21 2010-04-20 C{Dot Over (O)}Lt Rapip Mat Llc Rapidly installable energy barrier system
US8632120B2 (en) 2006-12-01 2014-01-21 Bae Systems Land & Armaments L.P. Universal latch mechanism
US8066319B2 (en) 2006-12-01 2011-11-29 Bae Systems Land & Armaments, L.P. Vehicle emergency egress assembly
EP2150766A4 (en) * 2007-05-25 2013-03-06 The Line Of Fire Inc In Ballistic projectile armour
WO2010019612A2 (en) * 2008-08-11 2010-02-18 Greenhill Antiballistics Corporation Densely packed particle structure
US8006605B2 (en) * 2007-10-10 2011-08-30 Hardware, LLC Armor panel system
US20110048219A1 (en) * 2007-11-13 2011-03-03 Pyles Robert A Blast-resistant barrier
US8616113B2 (en) * 2008-08-19 2013-12-31 Kelly Space & Technology, Inc. Encapsulated ballistic protection system
IL196310D0 (en) * 2008-12-31 2009-11-18 Moshe Ravid Armor module
US9140524B2 (en) * 2010-02-10 2015-09-22 International Composites Technologies, Inc. Multi-layered ballistics armor
US8505432B2 (en) * 2010-09-10 2013-08-13 Alliant Techsystems, Inc. Multilayer backing materials for composite armor
US20120065294A1 (en) 2010-09-10 2012-03-15 Alliant Techsystems Inc. Insulative compositions, article incorporating the same and methods of forming the same
CA2864692C (en) * 2011-06-08 2018-12-11 American Technical Coatings, Inc. Enhanced ballistic protective system
IL213865D0 (en) 2011-06-30 2011-12-29 Israel Military Ind Antiballistic article and method of producing same
US9696122B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2017-07-04 Imi Systems Ltd. Antiballistic article and method of producing same
US20130276623A1 (en) * 2011-11-22 2013-10-24 Dan Moore Ballistic shield device
US20130133130A1 (en) * 2011-11-29 2013-05-30 Lineweight Llc Low visibility body armor
US8978536B2 (en) 2012-04-30 2015-03-17 Future Force Innovation, Inc. Material for providing blast and projectile impact protection
US9003946B2 (en) * 2012-07-20 2015-04-14 Kevin T. Daley Advancement to the effectiveness of body armor
WO2014035482A2 (en) 2012-08-29 2014-03-06 Bayer Materialscience Llc Energy absorber for high-performance blast barrier system
WO2014148809A1 (en) * 2013-03-20 2014-09-25 Kolon Industries, Inc. High strength fiber composite material, manufacturing method thereof and helmet using the same
US10012480B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2018-07-03 Angel Armor, Llc Ballistic resistant panel for vehicle door
US20150362293A1 (en) * 2013-11-12 2015-12-17 Angel Armor, Llc Ceramic member encased in composite layer
IL230775A (en) 2014-02-02 2018-12-31 Imi Systems Ltd Pre-stressed curved ceramic plates/tiles and method of producing same
RU2547282C1 (en) * 2014-04-25 2015-04-10 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью Научно-производственное предприятие "АРМОКОМ-ЦЕНТР" Method of armour insert manufacturing for thermal protection container out of polymer composite materials, and armour inserts for thermal protection container out of polymer composite materials
WO2015171775A1 (en) 2014-05-06 2015-11-12 Covestro Llc Polycarbonate based rapid deployment cover system
SG11201608325XA (en) * 2014-05-13 2016-11-29 Koninkl Philips Nv Steaming device component with reduced condensation
CA2962427A1 (en) 2014-09-25 2016-03-31 Optimedica Corporation Methods and systems for corneal topography, blink detection and laser eye surgery
US20170059281A1 (en) * 2015-06-11 2017-03-02 ATS Armor, LLC Curved armor plate
US10060709B2 (en) * 2016-04-26 2018-08-28 Joel Bishara Bahu Lightweight handheld armor shield

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4748064A (en) * 1985-01-14 1988-05-31 Allied Corporation Ballistic-resistant composite article
US5579628A (en) * 1992-10-13 1996-12-03 Alliedsignal Inc. Entangled high strength yarn
US5591933A (en) * 1992-06-01 1997-01-07 Alliedsignal Inc. Constructions having improved penetration resistance
US5635288A (en) * 1994-05-17 1997-06-03 Park; Andrew D. Ballistic resistant composite for hard-armor application
US6266819B1 (en) * 1998-10-17 2001-07-31 Second Chance Body Armor, Inc. Multi-component lightweight ballistic resistant garment
US6332390B1 (en) * 1997-05-01 2001-12-25 Simula, Inc. Ceramic tile armor with enhanced joint and edge protection
US6408733B1 (en) * 2000-02-14 2002-06-25 William J. Perciballi Ceramic armor apparatus for multiple bullet protection
US6537654B1 (en) * 1999-11-04 2003-03-25 Sgl Technik Gmbh Protection products and armored products made of fiber-reinforced composite material with ceramic matrix
US6559079B1 (en) * 2000-12-29 2003-05-06 Second Chance Body Armor, Inc. Thin and lightweight ballistic resistant pad with groups of angularly displaced woven sheets and method
US6562435B1 (en) * 1999-03-20 2003-05-13 Survival, Incorporated Method for forming or securing unindirectionally-oriented fiber strands in sheet form, such as for use in a ballistic-resistant panel
US20040216595A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-11-04 Dickson Lawrence J. Formed metal armor assembly

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020111099A1 (en) * 2000-08-30 2002-08-15 Howland Charles A. Methods for improving the dyeability and puncture resistance of fabrics comprising high tenacity fibers and fabrics produced by such methods
US6783610B2 (en) * 2001-03-05 2004-08-31 Amsted Industries Incorporated Railway wheel alloy
US20050066805A1 (en) * 2003-09-17 2005-03-31 Park Andrew D. Hard armor composite

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4748064A (en) * 1985-01-14 1988-05-31 Allied Corporation Ballistic-resistant composite article
US5591933A (en) * 1992-06-01 1997-01-07 Alliedsignal Inc. Constructions having improved penetration resistance
US5579628A (en) * 1992-10-13 1996-12-03 Alliedsignal Inc. Entangled high strength yarn
US5635288A (en) * 1994-05-17 1997-06-03 Park; Andrew D. Ballistic resistant composite for hard-armor application
US6332390B1 (en) * 1997-05-01 2001-12-25 Simula, Inc. Ceramic tile armor with enhanced joint and edge protection
US6266819B1 (en) * 1998-10-17 2001-07-31 Second Chance Body Armor, Inc. Multi-component lightweight ballistic resistant garment
US6562435B1 (en) * 1999-03-20 2003-05-13 Survival, Incorporated Method for forming or securing unindirectionally-oriented fiber strands in sheet form, such as for use in a ballistic-resistant panel
US6537654B1 (en) * 1999-11-04 2003-03-25 Sgl Technik Gmbh Protection products and armored products made of fiber-reinforced composite material with ceramic matrix
US6408733B1 (en) * 2000-02-14 2002-06-25 William J. Perciballi Ceramic armor apparatus for multiple bullet protection
US6559079B1 (en) * 2000-12-29 2003-05-06 Second Chance Body Armor, Inc. Thin and lightweight ballistic resistant pad with groups of angularly displaced woven sheets and method
US20040216595A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-11-04 Dickson Lawrence J. Formed metal armor assembly

Cited By (129)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090320676A1 (en) * 2003-10-28 2009-12-31 Strike Face Technology Incorporated Ceramic armour and method of construction
US7540228B1 (en) * 2003-10-28 2009-06-02 Strike Face Technology Incorporated Ceramic armour and method of construction
US20110088542A1 (en) * 2003-12-09 2011-04-21 Park Andrew D Non-Ceramic hard armor composite
US20100326265A1 (en) * 2003-12-09 2010-12-30 Park Andrew D Non-ceramic hard armor composite
US7845265B1 (en) 2003-12-09 2010-12-07 Armorworks Enterprises, Llc Non-ceramic hard armor composite
US20050195966A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2005-09-08 Sigma Dynamics, Inc. Method and apparatus for optimizing the results produced by a prediction model
US20050233380A1 (en) * 2004-04-19 2005-10-20 Sdc Materials, Llc. High throughput discovery of materials through vapor phase synthesis
US20060150488A1 (en) * 2004-12-23 2006-07-13 Becker Underwood, Inc. Shelf life and on seed stabilization of liquid bacterium inoculants
US9216398B2 (en) 2005-04-19 2015-12-22 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and apparatus for making uniform and ultrasmall nanoparticles
US20080277092A1 (en) * 2005-04-19 2008-11-13 Layman Frederick P Water cooling system and heat transfer system
US9180423B2 (en) 2005-04-19 2015-11-10 SDCmaterials, Inc. Highly turbulent quench chamber
US9132404B2 (en) 2005-04-19 2015-09-15 SDCmaterials, Inc. Gas delivery system with constant overpressure relative to ambient to system with varying vacuum suction
US9719727B2 (en) 2005-04-19 2017-08-01 SDCmaterials, Inc. Fluid recirculation system for use in vapor phase particle production system
US9023754B2 (en) 2005-04-19 2015-05-05 SDCmaterials, Inc. Nano-skeletal catalyst
US9599405B2 (en) 2005-04-19 2017-03-21 SDCmaterials, Inc. Highly turbulent quench chamber
US20070068377A1 (en) * 2005-05-20 2007-03-29 Pizhong Qiao Hybrid composite structures for ballistic protection
US20090214812A1 (en) * 2005-06-23 2009-08-27 Shane Bartus Protective Composite Structures and Methods of Making Protective Composite Structures
US8257814B2 (en) 2005-06-23 2012-09-04 University Of Alabama At Birmingham Protective composite structures and methods of making protective composite structures
US20100151234A1 (en) * 2005-08-10 2010-06-17 Chiou Minshon J Penetration Resistant Composite and Article Comprising Same
US7866248B2 (en) 2006-01-23 2011-01-11 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Encapsulated ceramic composite armor
US20120055327A1 (en) * 2006-04-20 2012-03-08 Holowczak John E Armor system having ceramic matrix composite layers
US7478579B2 (en) * 2006-07-20 2009-01-20 John Carberry Encapsulated ballistic structure
US20080307953A1 (en) * 2006-07-20 2008-12-18 Dynamic Defense Materials, Llc Encapsulated ballistic structure
US8689671B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2014-04-08 Federal-Mogul World Wide, Inc. Lightweight armor and methods of making
US20080236378A1 (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-02 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Affixable armor tiles
US8574408B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2013-11-05 SDCmaterials, Inc. Fluid recirculation system for use in vapor phase particle production system
US20110006463A1 (en) * 2007-05-11 2011-01-13 Sdc Materials, Inc. Gas delivery system with constant overpressure relative to ambient to system with varying vacuum suction
US8604398B1 (en) 2007-05-11 2013-12-10 SDCmaterials, Inc. Microwave purification process
US8524631B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2013-09-03 SDCmaterials, Inc. Nano-skeletal catalyst
US8906316B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2014-12-09 SDCmaterials, Inc. Fluid recirculation system for use in vapor phase particle production system
US8956574B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2015-02-17 SDCmaterials, Inc. Gas delivery system with constant overpressure relative to ambient to system with varying vacuum suction
US20080277268A1 (en) * 2007-05-11 2008-11-13 Sdc Materials, Inc., A Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Fluid recirculation system for use in vapor phase particle production system
US20080280756A1 (en) * 2007-05-11 2008-11-13 Sdc Materials, Inc., A Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Nano-skeletal catalyst
US8663571B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2014-03-04 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and apparatus for making uniform and ultrasmall nanoparticles
US8893651B1 (en) 2007-05-11 2014-11-25 SDCmaterials, Inc. Plasma-arc vaporization chamber with wide bore
WO2009023638A1 (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-19 Gagne Robert R Lightweight ballistic protection materials
US20110174143A1 (en) * 2007-09-28 2011-07-21 Sanborn Steven L Apparatus, methods and system for improved lightweight armor protection
US8770085B2 (en) 2007-09-28 2014-07-08 General Dynamics Land Systems, Inc. Apparatus, methods and system for improved lightweight armor protection
US8481449B1 (en) 2007-10-15 2013-07-09 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play oxide catalysts
US8759248B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2014-06-24 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play metal catalysts
US9592492B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2017-03-14 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play oxide catalysts
US9089840B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2015-07-28 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play oxide catalysts
US8575059B1 (en) 2007-10-15 2013-11-05 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play metal compound catalysts
US9186663B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2015-11-17 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play metal compound catalysts
US9302260B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2016-04-05 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play metal catalysts
US9597662B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2017-03-21 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play metal compound catalysts
US8507401B1 (en) 2007-10-15 2013-08-13 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play metal catalysts
US8507402B1 (en) 2007-10-15 2013-08-13 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play metal catalysts
US9737878B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2017-08-22 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method and system for forming plug and play metal catalysts
US20100282062A1 (en) * 2007-11-16 2010-11-11 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Armor protection against explosively-formed projectiles
US20100193750A1 (en) * 2008-11-10 2010-08-05 Kryron Global, Llc Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US8057709B2 (en) 2008-11-10 2011-11-15 Kryron Global Llc Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US20100117253A1 (en) * 2008-11-10 2010-05-13 Bourque John M Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US20110024072A1 (en) * 2008-11-10 2011-02-03 Kryron Global, Llc Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US20100117252A1 (en) * 2008-11-10 2010-05-13 John Bourque Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US7870886B1 (en) 2008-11-10 2011-01-18 Kryron Global, Llc Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US8075806B2 (en) 2008-11-10 2011-12-13 Kryron Global, Llc Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US7870887B1 (en) 2008-11-10 2011-01-18 Kryron Global, Llc Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US8316917B2 (en) 2008-11-10 2012-11-27 Bourque John M Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US7767121B2 (en) * 2008-11-10 2010-08-03 Kryron Global, Llc Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US20100193749A1 (en) * 2008-11-10 2010-08-05 Kryron Global, Llc Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US20110010934A1 (en) * 2008-11-10 2011-01-20 Kryron Global, Llc Solid composition having enhanced physical and electrical properties
US9752855B2 (en) * 2008-11-25 2017-09-05 Np Aerospace Limited Combined vehicular armour
US10234244B2 (en) 2009-04-20 2019-03-19 Barrday Inc. Rigid ballistic composites having large denier per filament yarns
US8871658B2 (en) 2009-04-20 2014-10-28 Barrday Inc. Rigid ballistic composites made from poly-para-phenylene terephthalamide fibers having large denier per filament
US20110023695A1 (en) * 2009-04-20 2011-02-03 Barrday Inc. Ballistic composites having large denier per filament high performance yarns
US8069770B1 (en) 2009-04-24 2011-12-06 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Modular spaced armor assembly
US20110107905A1 (en) * 2009-11-06 2011-05-12 Kryron Global, Llc Ballistic strike plate and assembly
US9285192B2 (en) 2009-11-06 2016-03-15 Bourque Industries Ballistic strike plate and assembly
US8375840B2 (en) 2009-11-06 2013-02-19 Kryron Global, Llc Ballistic strike plate and assembly
US20110283874A1 (en) * 2009-11-17 2011-11-24 Benteler Automobiltechnik Gmbh Armor steel structure
US8376452B2 (en) * 2009-11-17 2013-02-19 Benteler Automobiltechnik Gmbh Armor steel structure
US9522388B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2016-12-20 SDCmaterials, Inc. Pinning and affixing nano-active material
US8828328B1 (en) 2009-12-15 2014-09-09 SDCmaterails, Inc. Methods and apparatuses for nano-materials powder treatment and preservation
US8859035B1 (en) 2009-12-15 2014-10-14 SDCmaterials, Inc. Powder treatment for enhanced flowability
US8865611B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2014-10-21 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method of forming a catalyst with inhibited mobility of nano-active material
US20110143930A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Tunable size of nano-active material on nano-support
US8877357B1 (en) 2009-12-15 2014-11-04 SDCmaterials, Inc. Impact resistant material
US8803025B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2014-08-12 SDCmaterials, Inc. Non-plugging D.C. plasma gun
US8906498B1 (en) 2009-12-15 2014-12-09 SDCmaterials, Inc. Sandwich of impact resistant material
US9533289B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2017-01-03 SDCmaterials, Inc. Advanced catalysts for automotive applications
US8932514B1 (en) 2009-12-15 2015-01-13 SDCmaterials, Inc. Fracture toughness of glass
US9332636B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2016-05-03 SDCmaterials, Inc. Sandwich of impact resistant material
US20110143915A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Pinning and affixing nano-active material
US8992820B1 (en) 2009-12-15 2015-03-31 SDCmaterials, Inc. Fracture toughness of ceramics
US20110144382A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Advanced catalysts for fine chemical and pharmaceutical applications
US8668803B1 (en) 2009-12-15 2014-03-11 SDCmaterials, Inc. Sandwich of impact resistant material
US9126191B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2015-09-08 SDCmaterials, Inc. Advanced catalysts for automotive applications
US8652992B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2014-02-18 SDCmaterials, Inc. Pinning and affixing nano-active material
US20110143926A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method of forming a catalyst with inhibited mobility of nano-active material
US20110143933A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Advanced catalysts for automotive applications
US20110143041A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Non-plugging d.c. plasma gun
US8557727B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2013-10-15 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method of forming a catalyst with inhibited mobility of nano-active material
US9308524B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2016-04-12 SDCmaterials, Inc. Advanced catalysts for automotive applications
US8821786B1 (en) 2009-12-15 2014-09-02 SDCmaterials, Inc. Method of forming oxide dispersion strengthened alloys
US8545652B1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2013-10-01 SDCmaterials, Inc. Impact resistant material
US20110143916A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 SDCmaterials, Inc. Catalyst production method and system
US9149797B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2015-10-06 SDCmaterials, Inc. Catalyst production method and system
US8470112B1 (en) 2009-12-15 2013-06-25 SDCmaterials, Inc. Workflow for novel composite materials
WO2012006340A1 (en) * 2010-07-06 2012-01-12 Kryron Global, Llc Ballistic strike plate and assembly
JP2013538325A (en) * 2010-07-06 2013-10-10 クライロン・グローバル・エルエルシー Ballistic strike plate and assembly
JP2014509265A (en) * 2010-10-18 2014-04-17 グリーンヒル・アンチバリスティクス・コーポレーション Gradient nanoparticle - carbon allotrope - polymer composite
US9328788B2 (en) 2010-10-18 2016-05-03 Greenhill Antiballistics Corporation Gradient nanoparticle-carbon allotrope-polymer composite material
US9982736B2 (en) 2010-10-18 2018-05-29 Greenhill Antiballistics Corporation Gradient nanoparticle-carbon allotrope polymer composite
US8669202B2 (en) 2011-02-23 2014-03-11 SDCmaterials, Inc. Wet chemical and plasma methods of forming stable PtPd catalysts
US9433938B2 (en) 2011-02-23 2016-09-06 SDCmaterials, Inc. Wet chemical and plasma methods of forming stable PTPD catalysts
US9216406B2 (en) 2011-02-23 2015-12-22 SDCmaterials, Inc. Wet chemical and plasma methods of forming stable PtPd catalysts
US9335137B2 (en) 2011-07-28 2016-05-10 Mac, Llc Polymeric ammunition casing geometry
US9395165B2 (en) 2011-07-28 2016-07-19 Mac, Llc Subsonic ammunition casing
US9182204B2 (en) 2011-07-28 2015-11-10 Mac, Llc Subsonic ammunition casing
US9498751B2 (en) 2011-08-19 2016-11-22 SDCmaterials, Inc. Coated substrates for use in catalysis and catalytic converters and methods of coating substrates with washcoat compositions
US8679433B2 (en) 2011-08-19 2014-03-25 SDCmaterials, Inc. Coated substrates for use in catalysis and catalytic converters and methods of coating substrates with washcoat compositions
US8969237B2 (en) 2011-08-19 2015-03-03 SDCmaterials, Inc. Coated substrates for use in catalysis and catalytic converters and methods of coating substrates with washcoat compositions
US9511352B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2016-12-06 SDCmaterials, Inc. Three-way catalytic converter using nanoparticles
US9533299B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2017-01-03 SDCmaterials, Inc. Three-way catalytic converter using nanoparticles
US9156025B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2015-10-13 SDCmaterials, Inc. Three-way catalytic converter using nanoparticles
US9283882B1 (en) * 2013-02-06 2016-03-15 Armorworks Enterprises LLC Convertible fighting vehicle
US20140230638A1 (en) * 2013-02-21 2014-08-21 Blake Lockwood Waldrop Multi-Layer Multi-Impact Ballistic Body Armor And Method Of Manufacturing The Same
US9726459B2 (en) * 2013-02-21 2017-08-08 Rma Armament, Inc. Multi-layer multi-impact ballistic body armor and method of manufacturing the same
US9586179B2 (en) 2013-07-25 2017-03-07 SDCmaterials, Inc. Washcoats and coated substrates for catalytic converters and methods of making and using same
US20150316356A1 (en) * 2013-10-01 2015-11-05 Mystery Ranch Ltd. Ballistic plate materials and method
US9566568B2 (en) 2013-10-22 2017-02-14 SDCmaterials, Inc. Catalyst design for heavy-duty diesel combustion engines
US9427732B2 (en) 2013-10-22 2016-08-30 SDCmaterials, Inc. Catalyst design for heavy-duty diesel combustion engines
US9517448B2 (en) 2013-10-22 2016-12-13 SDCmaterials, Inc. Compositions of lean NOx trap (LNT) systems and methods of making and using same
US9950316B2 (en) 2013-10-22 2018-04-24 Umicore Ag & Co. Kg Catalyst design for heavy-duty diesel combustion engines
US9528799B2 (en) 2014-01-13 2016-12-27 Mac Llc Neck polymeric ammunition casing geometry
US9687811B2 (en) 2014-03-21 2017-06-27 SDCmaterials, Inc. Compositions for passive NOx adsorption (PNA) systems and methods of making and using same
US10086356B2 (en) 2014-03-21 2018-10-02 Umicore Ag & Co. Kg Compositions for passive NOx adsorption (PNA) systems and methods of making and using same
US9453714B2 (en) 2014-04-04 2016-09-27 Mac, Llc Method for producing subsonic ammunition casing

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US7549366B2 (en) 2009-06-23
US7827898B2 (en) 2010-11-09
EP1517112A1 (en) 2005-03-23
US8065947B2 (en) 2011-11-29
US20110041676A1 (en) 2011-02-24
US20080006145A1 (en) 2008-01-10
US20090260512A1 (en) 2009-10-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN1290693C (en) Multiple threat penetration resistant articles
EP0558636B1 (en) Constructions having improved penetration resistance
US5306557A (en) Composite tactical hard body armor
US5935678A (en) Ballistic laminate structure in sheet form
AU2007241259B2 (en) Multilayered material sheet and process for its preparation
US5972819A (en) Ceramic bodies for use in composite armor
CA2785888C (en) Multilayered polyethylene material and ballistic resistant articles manufactured therefrom
US6745661B1 (en) Method and apparatus for defeating ballistic projectiles
US20030167910A1 (en) Structural composite armor and method of manufacturing it
EP1501673B1 (en) Ballistic fibre laminates
EP1110052B1 (en) Improved fabric armor
US7288307B2 (en) Hybrid laminated fiber sheets
US7513186B2 (en) Ballistic armor
US6253655B1 (en) Lightweight armor with a durable spall cover
US5996115A (en) Flexible body armor
US6601497B2 (en) Armor with in-plane confinement of ceramic tiles
US5349893A (en) Impact absorbing armor
EP1352207B1 (en) Laminated armor
EP2146843B1 (en) Ballistic-resistant panel including high modulus ultra high molecular weight polyethylene tape
US5059467A (en) Protective ballistic panel having an interior hermetically sealed air space
CA2491717C (en) Ballistic laminate structure in sheet form
US6203908B1 (en) Composite armor
US5200256A (en) Composite lightweight bullet proof panel for use on vessels, aircraft and the like
CA2407977C (en) Composite material for armour plating
US7930966B1 (en) Spaced lightweight composite armor

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PARK, ALEXANDER J.;REEL/FRAME:015903/0818

Effective date: 20040809

Owner name: PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PARK, ANDREW D.;REEL/FRAME:015732/0450

Effective date: 20040809

Owner name: PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PARK, DAVE(AKA DAVID PARK);REEL/FRAME:015735/0662

Effective date: 20040809

Owner name: PTI MATERIALS, LLC, ARIZONA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC;REEL/FRAME:015732/0438

Effective date: 20040809

AS Assignment

Owner name: PTI ARMOR SYSTEMS, LLC, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:PTI MATERIALS, LLC;REEL/FRAME:016069/0934

Effective date: 20040806

Owner name: PARK, ANDREW, VIRGINIA

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:PTI MATERIALS, LLC;REEL/FRAME:016069/0934

Effective date: 20040806

Owner name: PARK, AL, VIRGINIA

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:PTI MATERIALS, LLC;REEL/FRAME:016069/0934

Effective date: 20040806

Owner name: PARK, DAVID, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:PTI MATERIALS, LLC;REEL/FRAME:016069/0934

Effective date: 20040806

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION

AS Assignment

Owner name: ARMORWORKS ENTERPRISES, INC, ARIZONA

Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:THE UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA;REEL/FRAME:043052/0077

Effective date: 20141106