US20040021802A1 - Color 3D image display - Google Patents

Color 3D image display Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20040021802A1
US20040021802A1 US10/628,541 US62854103A US2004021802A1 US 20040021802 A1 US20040021802 A1 US 20040021802A1 US 62854103 A US62854103 A US 62854103A US 2004021802 A1 US2004021802 A1 US 2004021802A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
lens
micro
varifocal
liquid crystal
means
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/628,541
Inventor
Kazutora Yoshino
Emily Yoshino
Original Assignee
Kazutora Yoshino
Emily Yoshino
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US10/055,072 priority Critical patent/US6646072B2/en
Application filed by Kazutora Yoshino, Emily Yoshino filed Critical Kazutora Yoshino
Priority to US10/628,541 priority patent/US20040021802A1/en
Publication of US20040021802A1 publication Critical patent/US20040021802A1/en
Priority claimed from US11/156,323 external-priority patent/US20050237622A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F110/00Homopolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond
    • C08F110/02Ethene
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F4/00Polymerisation catalysts
    • C08F4/42Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors
    • C08F4/44Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors selected from light metals, zinc, cadmium, mercury, copper, silver, gold, boron, gallium, indium, thallium, rare earths or actinides
    • C08F4/60Metals; Metal hydrides; Metallo-organic compounds; Use thereof as catalyst precursors selected from light metals, zinc, cadmium, mercury, copper, silver, gold, boron, gallium, indium, thallium, rare earths or actinides together with refractory metals, iron group metals, platinum group metals, manganese, rhenium technetium or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/62Refractory metals or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/64Titanium, zirconium, hafnium or compounds thereof
    • C08F4/642Component covered by group C08F4/64 with an organo-aluminium compound

Abstract

Color 3D image display devices that show realistic 3D images using the virtual light points fields. Color-intensity and directions of the virtual light points fields are controlled by various methods such as selection of directions of properly color-intensified light rays. For such methods, micro-pinholes, liquid crystal pinholes, varifocal micro-lens arrays and varifocal index-gradient lens, etc. are used together with high-resolution and high-speed 2 dimensional pattern-generating displays. By adding linear (reciprocating) and/or rotational motion to such 3D display makes higher resolution and view angles wider.

Description

    FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH
  • Not Applicable [0001]
  • SEQUENCE LISTING OR PROGRAM
  • Not Applicable [0002]
  • BACKGROUND OF INVENTION
  • 1. BACKGROUND—FIELD OF INVENTION [0003]
  • This invention relates to the image display devices such as 3DTV, hologram, stereo display device, volumetric display device that are used for displaying the 3 dimensional object or images. [0004]
  • 2. BACKGROUND—DESCRIPTION OF PRIOR ART [0005]
  • In the conventional way, it was difficult to display the 3 dimensional object or images in real time (run time) by viewed by the multiple users without special glasses in the space only by light. So devices such as TV are showing the converted 2 dimensional images from the 3 dimensional objects. [0006]
  • There are some 3 dimensional displays available. [0007]
  • The virtual headsets are showing the two different images to each eye of users by screens to create the 3 dimensional images. The shutter glasses can also show 3D images having fast changing alternating left and right images. But many people feel uncomfortable wearing such devices and some gets cyber sick easily. [0008]
  • The holograms are showing 3 dimensional images, but these images are difficult to be changed in real time (run time). [0009]
  • The conventional method to project the 2 dimensional image to rotating plate, spiral screen, reciprocating screen to create 3 dimensional image shows only the surface shape of images and they don't show realistic 3 dimensional image. (Actuality, Felix, Act Research) The conventional method to project the 2 dimensional images to plurality of semitransparent plates to create 3 dimensional images are very expensive because multiple DMD, GLV costs a lot. U.S. Pat. No. 5,394,202 (Deering, 1995) and U.S. Pat. No. 5,907,312, (Sato, et al., 1999) release some of these methods. [0010]
  • In Japanese Patent No. 288957 or H01-193836 (Felix Gashia, et al, 1989) shows the way to make 3 dimensional image by project the 2 dimensional image to rotating plate. This put red, blue, green laser beam together to light fiber, and run the light to make the 2 dimensional image on the angled and rotated plate so that it would show the 3 dimensional image as a result. But, this one is rotating fast enough to be able to hurt users. And therefore, it is not suitable for user to touch the 3 dimensional image created by this device. Also, this by itself is almost impossible to show the image in the space only by light. [0011]
  • In U.S. Pat. No. 3,647,284 (Virgil B Ethlgs, et al., 1972) show the method of showing 3 dimensional image made by the light that was originally scattered by an object. This device put two dish means facing each other. The top dish means has ring shape, that is it has a hole in the middle, and 3 dimensional image shows up over this hole when user put the object at the bottom of the bottom dish means. Each of dishes has reflecting material inside to reflect lights. But this device by itself would be unsuitable to show the real time (run time) 3 dimensional image because it is composed of two dishes. [0012]
  • SHARP, INC. and 3DT, INC. has developed the 2-eye method 3 dimensional displays for a flat panel. Users can see from one angle and cannot locate themselves anywhere to look at the 3D image. [0013]
  • SANYO, INC. has developed the 3 dimensional displays using pinholes. But in their method, it is not easy to make flat panel because it need extra-bright light source behind. Also, it is difficult to apply current technology to manufactures. It tends to be expensive. Also, the data conversion from 3D object to 2D liquid crystal takes too long time to be for run time application. And their resolution is low. [0014]
  • Objects and Advantages
  • This invention has advantages relative to prior art in [0015]
  • 1. This device of invention can display true realistic 3D image as if it is there. [0016]
  • 2. Multi users can view the 3D images [0017]
  • 3. It could show both 2D and 3D images. [0018]
  • 4. It can be manufactured easily using current 2D display technology [0019]
  • 5. The conversion time is small. [0020]
  • SUMMARY
  • The device of invention can display 3 dimensional images by generating the virtual light distribution. Suppose incoming light is projected to a point of surface of object. If the normal vector on the point of the surface is having the angle of theta to the incoming light vector, the maximum reflection occurs to the angle of theta from the normal vector in symmetry. The diffusion occurs depend of the surface of material. It usually has Gauss distribution (approximately with the color-intensity of Amax*(Cos alpha){circumflex over ( )}2 where Amax is the color-intensity of the theta reflection) (FIG. 1-[0021] 2-1). By having the superposition of incoming and reflecting light vectors to each point on surfaces, the surfaces of 3D object create vector field of lights. Now, if we can create the vector field of lights, especially for the reflecting lights, one can perceive it as if there is the 3D object (FIG. 1-2-2). Also, it can even created the surface behind another object (FIG. 1-2-3). There are many ways to make this kind of vector distribution of lights. One of simplest ways is to make the panel, hemisphere, sphere, or curved surface panels from which the directed light is projected (FIG. 1-2-4 to FIG. 1-2-10). This can be done in various ways as well.
  • There are many ways to direct lights. The pinholes are put in front of 2-D images to create virtual light point (FIG. 2-[0022] 1-1, FIG. 2-1-2). This can be moved linearly and/or rotationally to be located to proper location of 3D image surface. Also, selected/displayed light rays are coming out of pinhole lenses, micro-lenses to make virtual light points (FIG. 2-4-3, FIG. 2-4-2). Focus of these rays becomes the virtual light points. And by distributing these virtual light points, 3D images can be generated. One is to make all direction light sources and select the necessary lights using masks in controllable (or run-time) pattern (FIG. 2-5-1). Or also, having micro-mirrors that can be controlled in proper angles to reflect incoming light, it can generate the vector field of light (FIG. 2-6-1). Also, the directed light by reflection with motion of reflector can create such vector field as well (FIG. 2-7-1). Also, the mechanical motion can be added to 3D image display in order to increase the resolution, etc. (FIG. 2-8-1, FIG. 2-9-1).
  • To make all direction light sources and select the necessary lights using masks in controllable (or run-time) pattern (FIG. 2-[0023] 5-1), one can select special pinhole lens 2-dimensional arrays and high-resolution 2-dimensional image display (FIG. 3-1-1). By having the pinholes on the top of the 2-dimensional image display, it would reduce the cost of products, and thereby it has advantage as invention. Example mapping is that given a virtual point P(Xp, Yp, Zp), the points Qij(Xq,Yq) on 2-dimensional display are described in
  • Xq=(1+(k/Zp))*(i)−(k/Zp)*(Xp)
  • Yq=(1+(k/Zp))*(j)−(k/Zp)*(Yp)
  • Where k is the distance between the pinholes and 2-D display. The intension of each point on display varies depending of the angles of vector field at virtual point P. By superposing the vector fields on each point of 3D image surface, it generates the virtual 3 dimensional images. It can change the 2D image in proper timing to create living (animating) 3D images (FIG. 3-[0024] 1-2).
  • The pinhole and 2D image display can be flipped if 2D display is like liquid crystal (FIG. 3-[0025] 2-1, FIG. 3-2-2).
  • One may like to have more resolution than the fixed pinhole arrays. One method is to create the timely created pinhole lens arrays using fast response 2-dimensional pattern generator (FIG. 3-[0026] 3-1 to 3-4-2). Liquid crystal such as nematic or ferroelectric liquid crystal can be used for the 2D pattern generator. Liquid crystals on glass plate may be achieved to make these patterns. One layer can be used to make pinholes that change the locations in fast time for the purpose of the higher resolution. Optionally, mask layer that also change the pattern in fast time can be inserted (to make 1 to 1 correspond). In this case the 2-D display needs to be fast response as well. (Nematic/Ferroelectric/Etc.) Liquid crystal displays, Plasma display, (Organic/Inorganic) Electro-luminescent display (O.E.L.), CRT, micro-laser arrays etc. can be used for the 2-D displays. 3D displays can be moved linearly and/or rotationally to increase the resolution, reality, etc. (FIG. 3-5-1 to FIG. 3-5-5).
  • Micro-lens arrays and 2D display can be combined to generate 3 dimensional images (FIG. 4-[0027] 1-1 to FIG. 4-1-4). Selected light patterns get into micro-lens arrays to be directed to proper direction. The field of light source could be parallel field, conservative field, and non-conservative field It can be projected from diode panel light source, arc lamp, laser, etc. By having fast oscillation of the depth of 2-D images can create 3-D images.
  • One way is that the varifocal micro-lens array can be used with 2 dimensional displays. Varifocal micro-lens arrays such as electro-optic micro-lens arrays is put together to liquid crystal such as ferro-electric liquid crystals to give the fast various height of 2 dimensional images to produce 3 dimensional images (FIG. 4-[0028] 2-1, FIG. 4-2-2).
  • Also, the micro-array lens can be moved linearly and/or rotationally to increase the resolution, reality, etc. (FIG. 4-[0029] 2-4, FIG. 4-2-5)
  • Micro-lens arrays with fast response varifocal lens can be put together for creating the depth of 2D images therefore 3D images as whole (FIG. 4-[0030] 3-1 to 4-3-3). The trick is how to make such fast response and accurate varifocal lens.
  • By creating different index of refraction using layer materials such as liquid crystals that can be controlled electrically, it can generated controlled index-gradient lens that can vary the focal length depending on the index of refraction (FIG. 4-[0031] 4-1)
  • This can be used directly (FIG. 4-[0032] 4-2) or with multi-layers of liquid crystals as screens to get the projected images of 2-D display (FIG. 4-3-3).
  • Also, micro-lens arrays, index-gradient lens and 2-D display can be put together to select and direct the light vector field (FIG. 5-[0033] 1-1 to FIG. 5-1-3).
  • Also, micro-lens arrays and 2-D display with proper optics can be put together to select and direct the light vector field (FIG. 5-[0034] 1-4).
  • The detailed light-path of each unit are shown in FIG. 5-[0035] 2-1 to FIG. 5-2-5.
  • Varifocal electro-optic micro-lens arrays can be made with the shapes of micro-lens with electro-optic materials such as liquid crystals with polarizing plate. [0036]
  • Varifocal pinhole lens can be made of liquid crystals that can have various pinhole-diameter to change the focus length of pinhole lens together with polarizing plate. Varifocal index-gradient lens can be made layers of liquid crystals with different index of refraction that can be controlled by the electrical field together with polarizing plate.[0037]
  • DRAWINGS Drawing Figures
  • FIG. 1-[0038] 1-1 through FIG. 1-1-9 shows the example diagrams of 3D display from side view. FIG. 1-2-1 through FIG. 2-4-2 shows the example diagrams of concept how to make 3D images.
  • FIG. 2-[0039] 5-1 through FIG. 2-9-1 shows the example diagrams of general pictures of 3D image displays.
  • FIG. 3-[0040] 1-1 through FIG. 3-4-2 shows the example diagrams of devices with pinhole lens arrays with high-resolution 2D display style 3D image display
  • FIG. 3-[0041] 5-1 through FIG. 3-5-5 shows the example diagrams of devices with pinhole lens arrays with high-resolution & high-speed 2D display style 3D image display with different shapes and/or with motion.
  • FIG. 4-[0042] 1-1 through FIG. 4-1-4 shows the example diagrams of devices with micro-lens arrays and high-resolution 2D display.
  • FIG. 4-[0043] 2-1 through FIG. 4-2-1 shows the example diagrams of devices with varifocal microlens arrays with high-speed 2D display.
  • FIG. 4-[0044] 2-3 through FIG. 4-2-5 shows the example diagrams of devices with micro-lens arrays with high-speed & high-resolution 2D display with motion.
  • FIG. 4-[0045] 3-1 through FIG. 4-3-2 shows the example diagrams of devices with micro-lens arrays with varifocal lens means with high-speed 2D display.
  • FIG. 4-[0046] 3-3 shows the example diagrams of devices with varifocal lens (like electro-optic index-gradient varifocal lens, liquid crystal varifocal lens, etc.) with high-speed 2D display.
  • FIG. 4-[0047] 4-1 through FIG. 4-4-2 shows the example detailed diagrams of devices with micro-lens arrays with varifocal lens means with high-speed 2D display.
  • FIG. 4-[0048] 4-3 shows the example diagrams of devices with micro-lens arrays with varifocal lens means with multi-layer liquid crystals with high-speed 2D display.
  • FIG. 5-[0049] 1-1 through FIG. 5-1-3 shows the example diagrams of devices with micro-lens arrays with index-gradient lens with high-resolution 2D display.
  • FIG. 5-[0050] 1-4 shows the example diagrams of devices with micro-lens arrays with high-resolution 2D display.
  • FIG. 5-[0051] 2-1 through FIG. 5-2-5 shows the example detailed diagrams of elementary unit of 3D displays.
  • REFERENCE NUMERALS IN DRAWINGS
  • (1) Virtual lights field [0052]
  • such as 3 dimensional light vector field, parallel beam field, conservative light vector field, non-conservative light vector field, distributed virtual light points, virtual light point(s), scanned virtual light field(s) [0053]
  • (10) varifocal lens means [0054]
  • such as varifocal lens, electro-optic micro-lens arrays, varifocal pinhole lens, varifocal index-gradient lens, varifocal liquid crystal lens, piezoelectric lens, acousto-optic micro-lens arrays [0055]
  • (20) 2 dimensional image display means such as liquid crystal display, ferroelectric liquid crystal, nematic liquid crystal, liquid crystal panel with polarizing plates, micro-liquid crystals arrays, micro-liquid crystals arrays with polarizing plates, ferroelectric micro-liquid crystals arrays with polarizing plates, plasma display, organic electro-luminescent display, laser arrays, micro-laser arrays, diode laser arrays, nano-2D pattern generator (light diffraction generator), CRT [0056]
  • (30) light source means [0057]
  • such as light source, uniform diode light emitter, arc lamp with optics, light fibers with light source, lasers, lasers with optics, parallel beam generator, light conservative vector field generator, light source with polarizing plate(s), polarized light source. [0058]
  • (40) micro-lens arrays means [0059]
  • such as pinhole lens arrays, micro-pinhole lens arrays, micro-lens arrays, index-gradient lens arrays, liquid crystal pinhole lens arrays, electro-optic micro-lens arrays, nematic/ferreoelectric liquid crystals arrays, liquid crystal panel with polarizing plate, 2 dimensional image pattern maker, (varifocal micro-lens arrays) [0060]
  • (50) screen means [0061]
  • such as fast phase-changeable panel, liquid crystal panels, liquid crystal panels with polarizing plates, ferroelectric liquid crystal panels, ferroelectric liquid crystal panels with polarizing plates, micro-lens arrays, pinhole lens arrays, moving screen, moving micro-lens arrays, moving pinhole lens arrays [0062]
  • (70) micro-lens means [0063]
  • such as pinhole lens, pinhole lens arrays, micro-lens, micro-lens arrays, liquid crystal pinhole lens (arrays), electro-optic micro-lens (arrays), liquid crystal, nematic/ferreoelectric liquid crystals, liquid crystal panel with polarizing plate, 2 dimensional image pattern maker, varifocal micro-lens (arrays), index-gradient lens (arrays) [0064]
  • (80) mask means [0065]
  • such as mask(s), 2 dimensional image pattern maker, liquid crystal, nematic/ferreoelectric liquid crystals, liquid crystals with polarizing plate [0066]
  • (90) optical component means [0067]
  • such as lens, varifocal lens, plate, mirror, optical instruments [0068]
  • (100) high speed 2 dimensional image projector [0069]
  • (110) electrode means [0070]
  • (120) index of refraction modifier means [0071]
  • such as liquid crystal (panel), glass [0072]
  • (150) special lens means [0073]
  • such as index-gradient lens, parallel beam generator [0074]
  • (170) elementary display unit means [0075]
  • such as the elementary units of display [0076]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION Description—FIG. 1-1-1 Preferred Embodiment
  • A preferred embodiment of intelligent system and the 3 dimensional Image Display inventions is illustrated in FIG. 1-[0077] 1-1.
  • FIG. 1-[0078] 1-1 shows the example diagrams of 3D display from side view. This can be made of fast response liquid crystal panels with polarizing plate (20) and light source (30). The first ferroelectric liquid crystal creates the patterns of pinholes arrays. The second liquid crystal creates the patterns with which 2D image would be converted to 3D image. By having different locations of pinholes in fast response shifting, it produces the high resolution of 3 dimensional images. The mask means can be inserted between those two panels.
  • Description—The Rest Alternative Embodiment
  • FIG. 1-[0079] 1-2 shows the example diagrams of 3D display from side view. By having varifocal micro-lens arrays to 2D display such as liquid crystal panel with polarizing plate (20) and light source (3), it creates the 3D image.
  • FIG. 1-[0080] 1-3 shows the example diagrams of 3D display from side view. By having varifocal micro-lens arrays to 2D display such as organic electro-luminescent luminescent display, plasma display, CRT, etc. to create 3D image.
  • FIG. 1-[0081] 1-4 shows the example diagrams of 3D display from side view. The nano-2D pattern generator (light diffraction generator) (20) makes incoming lights (30) diffract to the directions to generate the desired light fields. The nano-2D generator can be made of nano-liquid crystals arrays. This can be color if light source changes the RGB color rapidly and controlled patterns on the diffracting plate are changed correspondingly. The eyes mix up them as true color.
  • FIG. 1-[0082] 1-5 shows the example diagrams of 3D display from side view. The light from light source (30) enters to varifocal lens (10) and enters the micro-lens arrays (70). By changing the focus of varifocal lens rapidly, the multiplication of 2D image occurs and therefore creates 3D image.
  • FIG. 1-[0083] 1-6 shows the example diagrams of 3D display from side view. The polarized light (30) comes into the 2D pattern generator such as liquid crystal panel (20) attached to varifocal (electro-optic) micro-lens arrays (10). The 2D patterns would be lifted up to different heights rapidly to generate 3D images.
  • FIG. 1-[0084] 1-7 shows the example diagrams of 3D display from side view. The 2D image light (20) comes into varifocal lens such as liquid crystal index-gradient lens (10) and micro-lens arrays. The varifocal lens changes rapidly to lift 2D image different heights rapidly to generate 3D images. Varifocal liquid crystal index-gradient lens can be made of liquid crystal that can create different index of refraction based on the controlled electrical field (voltage).
  • FIG. 1-[0085] 1-8 shows the example diagrams of 3D display from side view. 2D image are projected from 2D display (20). Image focusing device such as varifocal lens or parallel beam generator (10/150) makes the 2D image on focus on different height of liquid crystal screen (50). The liquid crystal can be coated with anti-reflection and can be ferroelectric or nematic. By switching the liquid crystal screen rapidly, it generates 3D images. The virtual resolution with frictional color-intensity on pixels can be used as well.
  • FIG. 1-[0086] 1-9 shows the example diagrams of 3D display from side view. The light from uniform light source (30) is converted to parallel uniform light beam with indexgradient lens (150). The high-resolution patterns on 2D display (20) would be directed properly by micro-lens arrays (70) to make light vector fields and therefore to generated 3D images.
  • FIG. 1-[0087] 2-1 shows the example diagrams of incoming light and reflected & scattered outgoing lights and its distribution with angles from 3D object surface.
  • FIG. 1-[0088] 2-2 shows the example diagrams of virtual light point. The desired patterns of light vector fields to emulate the light reflection on 3D object.
  • FIG. 1-[0089] 2-3 shows the example diagrams of multi-objects can put together. When only location of virtual light point is controlled, 3D images are see-through. By controlling the location and direction of virtual light points (field), it can have multiple objects behind each other to create realistic 3D image. Viewers don't see the surface of plate behind the sphere as realistic world is though when the viewing angle of viewers changes, the surface start showing up because it is creating virtually the real light fields created by real objects.
  • FIG. 1-[0090] 2-4 shows the example diagrams of shapes of 3D display with hemisphere to create the virtual light fields.
  • FIGS. [0091] 1-2-5, 1-2-6, 1-2-7 shows the example diagrams of the spherical 3D display that can show 3D image inside and outside of display. User has full view angels of 3D images.
  • FIGS. [0092] 1-2-8, 1-2-9 shows the example diagrams of shapes of 3D display with curved surface panel to create the virtual light fields. These can be chosen based on the needs of users if they like 3D images to be inside or outside.
  • FIG. 1-[0093] 2-10 shows the example diagrams of shapes of 3D display with flat surface plane to create the virtual light fields.
  • FIG. 2-[0094] 1-1 shows the example diagrams of pinhole/micro-lens (70) with 2D image (80) behind to create the color-intensity and direction of virtual light. Most likely these are moved to create 3D images.
  • FIG. 2-[0095] 1-2 shows the example diagrams of way how the direction is changed from FIG. 2-1-1.
  • FIG. 2-[0096] 2-1 shows the example diagrams of multiple pinholes with 2D image behind to create 3D virtual light point.
  • FIG. 2-[0097] 2-2 shows the example diagrams of multiple micro-lenses with 2D image behind to create 3D virtual light point.
  • FIGS. [0098] 2-3-1, 2-3-2, 2-4-1, 2-4-2 shows the example diagrams of micro-lens/pinhole arrays with 2 D image behind to create 3D images.
  • FIG. 2-[0099] 5-1 shows the example diagrams of way how the pinhole arrays, liquid crystal panel (with polarizing plate) and light source can be put together.
  • FIG. 2-[0100] 6-1 shows the example diagrams of micro-mirror device. Each unit changes the angle in x-y direction to produce the vector fields from incoming light source and therefore 3D images.
  • FIG. 2-[0101] 7-1 shows the example diagrams of way how to make 3D image using motion of reflector in linear and/or (full/partial) rotational movement. Input light can have 2D images already so that when it is reflected to proper angles, it generates 3D vector light fields and images.
  • FIG. 2-[0102] 8-1 shows the example diagrams of rotational pinholes and liquid crystal outside to have higher resolution 3D image with 360 degrees of view angles.
  • FIG. 2-[0103] 9-1 shows the example diagrams of way to shake the 3D display panel in x-y plane to have higher 3D image resolution. The 2D patterns changes rapidly according to 3D images.
  • FIG. 3-[0104] 1-1 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. Pinholes (70) and masks are on the top of 2D display (20). Pixels from 2D display (20) go through the corresponding pinholes (70) and are focused to virtual point(s). Position and color-intensity of each pixel on 2D display is properly controlled to produce the virtual light point(s) that has proper angle and color-intensity distribution.
  • FIG. 3-[0105] 1-2 shows the example diagrams of 3D display with multiple virtual light points to produce the surface of 3D images.
  • FIG. 3-[0106] 2-1, 3-2-2 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. Pinholes (70) and masks are behind the 2D display panel (20).
  • FIG. 3-[0107] 3-1 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. Liquid crystal panel creates pinholes (70) and is on the top of 2D display (20). The positions of pinholes and patterns on 2D display change rapidly to have higher resolution 3D image.
  • FIG. 3-[0108] 3-2 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. First liquid crystal panel creates pinholes (70). Second liquid crystal panel creates masks (80). Third liquid crystal panel makes the patterns (80). Light is projected from the behind (30). The polarizing plate is properly inserted. The positions of pinholes, masks and patterns on 2D display change rapidly to have higher resolution 3D image. This has advantage in having 1 to 1 correspond relationship. In other words, viewers don't see the extra dots when view angle is widened.
  • FIG. 3-[0109] 4-1 shows the alternative example diagrams of 3D display. Liquid crystal panel creates pinholes (70) and is behind 2D display (20). The positions of pinholes and patterns on 2D display change rapidly to have higher resolution 3D image.
  • FIG. 3-[0110] 4-2 shows the alternative example diagrams of 3D display. First liquid crystal panel creates patterns (20). Second liquid crystal panel creates masks (80). Third liquid crystal panel creates pinholes (70). Light is projected from the behind (30). The polarizing plate is properly inserted. The positions of pinholes, masks and patterns on 2D display change rapidly to have higher resolution 3D image. This has advantage in having 1 to 1 correspond relationship. In other words, viewers don't see the extra dots when view angle is widened.
  • FIGS. [0111] 3-5-1 through 3-5-4 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. By rotating and/or reciprocating the 3D display panel rapidly with proper calculation, viewer would have wider view angles of 3D images.
  • FIG. 3-[0112] 5-1 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. It is surrounded by 3D display-panels. This can be moved as well.
  • FIGS. [0113] 4-1-1, 4-1-2 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. Parallel light beams are generated by light source (30). Proper locations of pixels are open on 2D display such as liquid crystal panel (20) and lights go through those open positions and directed properly when they go through the micro-lens arrays (70) to create light vector field and 3D images.
  • FIG. 4-[0114] 1-3 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. Parallel beam is generated by optical instrument such as lens or light fiber.
  • FIG. 4-[0115] 1-4 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. The light source can be uniform field.
  • FIG. 4-[0116] 2-1 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. Index-of-refraction-changing-materials is used to make varifocal lens. Varifocal lens (10) such as electro-optic micro-lens shape is put on liquid crystal (20). 2D image is projected to air, and by changing the heights of the projected 2D images created by 2D liquid crystal display and varifocal lens, it generated 3D images. Varifocal lens and liquid crystal can be separated properly.
  • FIG. 4-[0117] 2-2 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. Micro-array lens can be moved rapidly to adjust the height of 2D images created by 2D display (20) to produce 3D images.
  • FIGS. [0118] 4-2-3, 4-3-1 and 4-3-2 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. Varifocal micro-lens arrays (10) are put over 2D display (20). It lifts 2D images in the air. By changing the focal length by varifocal lens, it can create 3D images.
  • FIGS. [0119] 4-2-4, 4-2-5 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. 2D light patterns are projected to reciprocating micro-lens arrays/ pinhole lens arrays to produce the floating 3D images. High-speed 2D image projector and optional varifocal lens can be used.
  • FIG. 4-[0120] 3-3 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. By having varifocal liquid crystal lens, varifocal index-gradient lens or varifocal liquid crystal lens, it creates 3D images.
  • FIGS. [0121] 4-4-1, 4-4-2 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. By having micro-lens arrays and varifocal liquid crystal lens, varifocal index-gradient lens or varifocal liquid crystal lens, it creates 3D images. Index-gradient lens is the lens that has gradient (small) changes in index of refraction according to the depth in the lens so that incoming light changes the directions according to the distribution of index of refraction in the lens. Varifocal index-gradient lens are layers of materials (like liquid crystals) whose index of refraction can be controlled. For example, by putting together liquid crystals that changes the index of refraction by voltage, it becomes a varifocal (focus changeable) index-gradient lens. The liquid crystals can have different index of refraction from the beginning having a same or different voltage to each layer. It also can be the same index of refraction liquid crystal material by having different voltage to each.
  • FIG. 4-[0122] 4-3 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. By adding the liquid crystal screens to FIG. 4-4-2, the 2D image shows up clearly. By switching the liquid crystal fast, it produces the 3D images.
  • FIGS. [0123] 5-1-1, 5-1-2 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. Micro-lens arrays (70), index-gradient lens (150) and liquid crystal panel (20) and (with polarizing plate) light source (30) are put together. Emitted light from light source is modified to be parallel or uniform through index-gradient lens. By selecting the light rays by having patterns in 2D display such as liquid crystal panel and by directing those selected rays, it creates the light vector fields and 3D images.
  • FIG. 5-[0124] 1-3 shows the alternative example diagrams of 3D display of FIG. 5-1-1, 5-1-2.
  • FIG. 5-[0125] 1-4 shows the example diagrams of 3D display. Micro-lens arrays (70) and liquid crystal panel (20) and (with polarizing plate) light source (30) are put together. By calculating and selecting the light rays by having patterns in 2D display such as liquid crystal panel and by directing those selected rays, it creates the light vector fields and 3D images.
  • FIGS. [0126] 5-2-1, 5-2-4 shows the example diagrams of elementary unit of 3D display. Micro-lens arrays (70), high-resolution 2D display (20), index-gradient lens (150) and light source (30) are shown together with the paths of light rays.
  • FIG. 5-[0127] 2-2 shows the example diagrams of elementary unit of 3D display. Micro-lens arrays (70), high-resolution 2D display (20) such as light emitting arrays such as diode laser arrays and organic electro-luminescent display, plasma display, liquid crystal display, CRT. The purpose is to create outgoing parallel beams.
  • FIG. 5-[0128] 2-3 shows the example diagrams of elementary unit of 3D display. Pinhole (70), mask (80) and 2D display (20) is shown.
  • FIG. 5-[0129] 2-3 shows the example diagrams of elementary unit of 3D display. Pinhole (70), mask (80) and 2D display (20) is shown.
  • FIG. 5-[0130] 2-3 shows the example diagrams of elementary units of 3D display and how the light rays intersect.

Claims (20)

I claim:
1 The device that displays color 3 dimensional image(s) in the space in real time using light virtual fields creating device means.
2 The device of claim [1] wherein said light virtual fields creating device means is composed of
(1) Light rays directing device means
(2) Light rays selecting device means
(3) Optionally, Light source means
(4) Optionally, mask means
(5) Optionally, optical instruments means
3 The device of claim [2] wherein said light rays directing device means is composed of
pinhole arrays, micro-lens arrays, micro-mirror arrays, liquid crystal pinhole arrays, varifocal pinhole lens, varifocal micro-lens array, varifocal liquid crystal lens, varifocal liquid crystal micro-lens, varifocal vertical liquid crystal lens, varifocal holizontalc liquid crystal lens, varifocal liquid crystal fresnel lens, micro-reflector, varifocal micro-piezoelectric reflector, varifocal piezoelectric micro-lens, adaptive optical lens, adaptive optical micro-lens
4 The device of claim [2] wherein said light rays selecting device means is composed of liquid crystal display, liquid crystal panels, liquid crystal panel with polarizing plate, micro-liquid crystal arrays, organic electro-luminescent display, inorganic electro-luminescent display, plasma display, laser arrays, diode laser arrays, electrodes, clear electro-conductive sheet
5 The device of claim [2] wherein said light source means is composed of
light source, uniform light source, non-uniform light source diode light emitting plate, arc lamp, halogen light, electron beam emitter, light bulb
6 The device of claim [2] wherein said mask means is composed of
masks, hole masks, liquid crystal masks
7 The device of claim [2] wherein said optical instruments means is composed of
lens, micro-lens, index-gradient lens, pinhole lens, varifocal lens, liquid crystal varifocal lens, varifocal index-gradient lens, varifocal liquid crystal varifocal lens, prisms, mirrors, curved mirrors, half-mirrors, color filters, polarizing plate
8 The device of claim [1] wherein said light virtual fields creating device means is composed of
(1) Three dimensional image display units with flat or curved surface means
(2) Optionally, motion generating device means
9 The device of claim [8] wherein said Three dimensional image display units with flat or curved surface means is composed of
(1) pinhole arrays, micro-lens arrays, micro-mirror arrays, liquid crystal pinhole arrays, varifocal micro-lens array
(2) liquid crystal display, liquid crystal panels, liquid crystal panel with polarizing plate, micro-liquid crystal arrays, organic electro-luminescent display, inorganic electro-luminascient display, plasma display, laser arrays, diode laser arrays
(3) Optionally, Light source means
(4) Optionally, mask means
(5) Optionally, optical instruments means
10 The device of claim [8] wherein said motion generating means is composed of the group consisting of
linear stage, rotational stage, motors, linear motors, gears, bearing, magnetic oscillator, electromagnetic motion generator, ultrasound motor
11 The device that changes the focal length of lens using varifocal lens means
12 The device of claim [11] wherein said varifocal lens means is composed of
varifocal index-gradient lens means
comprising layers of materials that changes index of refractions
such as varifocal liquid crystal index-gradient lens comprising layers of liquid crystals that changes index of refractions by voltages driven by drivers
13 The device of claim [11] wherein said varifocal lens means is composed of
varifocal index-gradient lens means
comprising varifocal acousto-optic index-gradient lens comprising layers of optic-optic materials crystals that changes direction of lights
14 The device of claim [11] wherein said varifocal lens means is composed of
varifocal pinhole lens comprising liquid crystal pinhole or liquid crystal pinhole arrays whose diameters change by the pattern created by liquid crystal panels with polarizing plate
15 The device of claim [11] wherein said varifocal lens means is composed of
varifocal micro-lens arrays
comprising electro-optic material micro-lenses such as liquid crystal micro-lens array
16 The device of claim [11] wherein said varifocal lens means is composed of
varifocal motion micro-lens arrays
comprising micro-lenses and the motion generating device such as motors, magnetic motion generator, reciprocating motion generator, ultrasound motion generator
17 The device that has micro-arrays of light emitter means
18 The device of claim [17] wherein said micro-arrays of light emitter means is composed of
(1) micro-lasers, micro diode lasers, photo-luminescent chemical components
(2) base means comprising silicon, glass, plastic
(3) drivers
19 The device of claim [17] wherein said micro-arrays of light emitter means is composed of
ferroelectric liquid crystal on uniform photo-luminescent chemical material
20 The device of claim [17] wherein said micro-arrays of light emitter means is composed of
ferroelectric liquid crystal on uniform photo-luminescent chemical material with micro-lens arrays, nematic liquid crystal arrays on uniform photo-luminescent chemical material with micro-lens arrays,
US10/628,541 2002-01-23 2003-07-28 Color 3D image display Abandoned US20040021802A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/055,072 US6646072B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2002-01-23 Process for making polyolefin compositions containing exfoliated clay
US10/628,541 US20040021802A1 (en) 2002-01-23 2003-07-28 Color 3D image display

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/628,541 US20040021802A1 (en) 2002-01-23 2003-07-28 Color 3D image display
US11/156,323 US20050237622A1 (en) 2003-07-28 2005-06-20 Color 3D image display

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/055,072 Division US6646072B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2002-01-23 Process for making polyolefin compositions containing exfoliated clay

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/156,323 Division US20050237622A1 (en) 2002-01-23 2005-06-20 Color 3D image display

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20040021802A1 true US20040021802A1 (en) 2004-02-05

Family

ID=21995393

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/055,072 Expired - Fee Related US6646072B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2002-01-23 Process for making polyolefin compositions containing exfoliated clay
US10/628,542 Expired - Fee Related US6979718B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2003-07-28 Process for making polyolefin compositions containing exfoliated clay
US10/628,541 Abandoned US20040021802A1 (en) 2002-01-23 2003-07-28 Color 3D image display

Family Applications Before (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/055,072 Expired - Fee Related US6646072B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2002-01-23 Process for making polyolefin compositions containing exfoliated clay
US10/628,542 Expired - Fee Related US6979718B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2003-07-28 Process for making polyolefin compositions containing exfoliated clay

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (3) US6646072B2 (en)

Cited By (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050088516A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-04-28 Myoung-Seop Song Display device for both two-dimensional and three-dimensional images and display method thereof
US20050206773A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2005-09-22 Kim Tae H Optical tracking system using variable focal length lens
US20050280883A1 (en) * 2004-06-18 2005-12-22 Angstrom Inc. & Stereo Display Inc. Discretely controlled micromirror with multi-level positions
US20060001967A1 (en) * 2004-07-01 2006-01-05 Pol Techakumpuch Wide-field three dimensional imaging system
US20060007301A1 (en) * 2004-07-08 2006-01-12 Cho Gyoung I 3D television broadcasting system
US20060092379A1 (en) * 2004-02-13 2006-05-04 Stereo Display, Inc. Image-guided microsurgery system and method
US20060120706A1 (en) * 2004-02-13 2006-06-08 Stereo Display, Inc. Three-dimensional endoscope imaging and display system
US20060152792A1 (en) * 2004-06-18 2006-07-13 Stereo Display, Inc. Programmable micromirror motion control system
US20060158432A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2006-07-20 Stereo Dispaly, Inc. Three-dimensional optical mouse system
US20060198012A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-09-07 Stereo Display, Inc. Fine control of rotation and translation of discretely controlled micromirror
US20060198011A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-09-07 Stereo Display, Inc. Volumetric three-dimensional device using two-dimensional scanning device
US20060203117A1 (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-09-14 Stereo Display, Inc. Video monitoring system using variable focal length lens
US20060209423A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2006-09-21 Angstrom Inc. & Stereo Display Inc. Small and fast zoom system using micromirror array lens
US20060209439A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2006-09-21 Stereo Display, Inc. Three-dimensional imaging system
US20060221179A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2006-10-05 Stereo Display, Inc. Three-dimensional camcorder
US20060232498A1 (en) * 2004-02-13 2006-10-19 Stereo Display, Inc. Three-dimensional display using variable focal length micromirror array lens
US20060245072A1 (en) * 2005-04-15 2006-11-02 Asml Netherlands B.V. Variable lens and exposure system
US20060245067A1 (en) * 2004-05-27 2006-11-02 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror array lens with fixed focal length
US20070041077A1 (en) * 2005-08-19 2007-02-22 Stereo Display, Inc. Pocket-sized two-dimensional image projection system
US20070040924A1 (en) * 2005-08-19 2007-02-22 Stereo Display, Inc. Cellular phone camera with three-dimensional imaging function
US20070115261A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-05-24 Stereo Display, Inc. Virtual Keyboard input system using three-dimensional motion detection by variable focal length lens
US20070182276A1 (en) * 2006-02-04 2007-08-09 Stereo Display, Inc. Multi-step microactuator
US20070188883A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2007-08-16 Stereo Display, Inc. Three-dimensional imaging system for robot vision
US20080037102A1 (en) * 2006-08-10 2008-02-14 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror with multi-axis rotation and translation
US20080049291A1 (en) * 2004-11-08 2008-02-28 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror arry lens with optical surface profiles
US20080074727A1 (en) * 2006-09-22 2008-03-27 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror array device comprising encapsulated reflective metal layer and method of making the same
US20080074726A1 (en) * 2006-09-22 2008-03-27 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror array lens with encapsulation of reflective metal layer and method of making the same
US7354167B2 (en) 2004-05-27 2008-04-08 Angstrom, Inc. Beam focusing and scanning system using micromirror array lens
US20080225369A1 (en) * 2007-03-12 2008-09-18 Stereo Display, Inc. Discretely controlled micromirror device having multiple motions
US20080309190A1 (en) * 2007-06-13 2008-12-18 Stereo Display, Inc. Mems actuator with discretely controlled multiple motions
US20090027780A1 (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-01-29 Stereo Display, Inc. Compact image taking lens system with a lens-surfaced prism
US7488082B2 (en) 2006-12-12 2009-02-10 Angstrom, Inc. Discretely controlled micromirror array device with segmented electrodes
US20090040586A1 (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-12 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror arry with iris function
US20090185067A1 (en) * 2007-12-21 2009-07-23 Stereo Display, Inc. Compact automatic focusing camera
US20090237783A1 (en) * 2008-03-18 2009-09-24 Stereo Display, Inc. Binoculars with micromirror array lenses
US20090290244A1 (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-11-26 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror array lens with self-tilted micromirrors
US20090303569A1 (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-12-10 Stereo Didplay, Inc. Self-tilted micromirror device
US7667896B2 (en) 2004-05-27 2010-02-23 Angstrom, Inc. DVD recording and reproducing system
US20110175906A1 (en) * 2010-01-20 2011-07-21 Huabing Zheng Three-dimensional (3d) display system and method
US20130082905A1 (en) * 2011-01-18 2013-04-04 Disney Enterprises, Inc. Multi-layer plenoptic displays that combine multiple emissive and light modulating planes
US8526820B1 (en) 2010-09-07 2013-09-03 The Boeing Company High pressure display
US20140168395A1 (en) * 2011-08-26 2014-06-19 Nikon Corporation Three-dimensional image display device
US8896919B2 (en) 2010-10-15 2014-11-25 Superd Co., Ltd. Autostereoscopic display system and method
US20150185491A1 (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-07-02 Ya-Chuang Huang Optical Imaging Apparatus
US9736346B2 (en) 2006-05-09 2017-08-15 Stereo Display, Inc Imaging system improving image resolution of the system with low resolution image sensor
US9881529B2 (en) 2015-06-12 2018-01-30 Innolux Corporation Display device and operating method thereof
US10359640B2 (en) 2016-03-08 2019-07-23 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Floating image display

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7129287B1 (en) * 2002-04-29 2006-10-31 The Ohio State University Clay nanocomposites prepared by in-situ polymerization
DE102004028769A1 (en) * 2004-06-16 2005-12-29 Basf Ag Process for the preparation of polyether alcohols and polyurethanes
US20070117873A1 (en) * 2005-05-13 2007-05-24 The Ohio State University Research Foundation Carbon nanofiber reinforced thermoplastic nanocomposite foams
US8143337B1 (en) 2005-10-18 2012-03-27 The Ohio State University Method of preparing a composite with disperse long fibers and nanoparticles
US20080248575A1 (en) * 2005-10-20 2008-10-09 The Ohio State University Research Foundation Drug and Gene Delivery by Polymer Nanonozzle and Nanotip Cell Patch
US7432319B2 (en) * 2005-11-29 2008-10-07 Honglan Lu Process for making exfoliated polyolefin/clay nanocomposites
US7754789B1 (en) * 2006-06-12 2010-07-13 The Regents Of The University Of California Method for forming flame-retardant clay-polyolefin composites
US7776943B2 (en) * 2006-06-12 2010-08-17 The Regents Of The University Of California Method for forming exfoliated clay-polyolefin nanocomposites
US8507568B2 (en) * 2008-05-28 2013-08-13 The Ohio State University Suspension polymerization and foaming of water containing activated carbon-nano/microparticulate polymer composites
EP2756016A4 (en) 2011-09-13 2015-05-20 Celluforce Inc Ncc-based supramolecular materials for thermoplastic and thermoset polymer composites

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3647284A (en) * 1970-11-30 1972-03-07 Virgil B Elings Optical display device
US5394202A (en) * 1993-01-14 1995-02-28 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for generating high resolution 3D images in a head tracked stereo display system

Family Cites Families (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA1171065A (en) 1981-01-06 1984-07-17 Vaclav G. Zboril Process for the preparation of polymers of alpha- olefins at high temperatures
US4473672A (en) * 1981-04-09 1984-09-25 Imperial Chemical Industries Plc Polymer composition, production and use
SE8200073L (en) * 1982-01-08 1982-12-27 Nils Anders Lennart Wikdahl Seen and apparatus for screening a fiber suspension in a pressure screen
US4473872A (en) * 1982-05-21 1984-09-25 Gte Products Corporation Par spot lamp
US4564647A (en) 1983-11-14 1986-01-14 Idemitsu Kosan Company Limited Process for the production of polyethylene compositions
CA1257863A (en) 1985-10-17 1989-07-25 Vaclav G. Zboril SOLUTION PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF POLYMERS OF .alpha.-OLEFINS
WO1995006090A1 (en) * 1993-08-23 1995-03-02 Alliedsignal Inc. Polymer nanocomposites comprising a polymer and an exfoliated particulate material derivatized with organo silanes, organo titanates and organo zirconates dispersed therein and process of preparing same
DE69412047D1 (en) * 1993-12-17 1998-09-03 Tosoh Corp Olefinpolymerisationkatalysator and process for olefin polymerization
PL328865A1 (en) * 1995-06-23 1999-03-01 Exxon Research Engineering Co Method of obtaining polymeric nanocomposite by emulsion synthesis
AU2468897A (en) 1995-08-24 1997-08-28 Quantum Chemical Corporation Supported polymerization catalyst component and system
US6110858A (en) * 1996-12-18 2000-08-29 Tosoh Corporation Olefin polymerization catalysts and process for producing olefin polymers
US5906955A (en) 1996-12-20 1999-05-25 Tosoh Corporation Catalyst for polymerization of an olefin, and method for producing an olefin polymer
JP3458656B2 (en) * 1997-05-27 2003-10-20 東ソー株式会社 Process for producing an olefin polymerization catalyst and olefin polymer
DE69923957T2 (en) * 1998-03-16 2005-07-21 Dow Global Technologies, Inc., Midland Process for the preparation of polyolefin nanocomposites
US6034167A (en) * 1998-05-01 2000-03-07 Shell Oil Company Fast heatup polyesters using graphite as an additive
TW375629B (en) * 1998-10-29 1999-12-01 Ind Tech Res Inst Process for dispersive nanometer polymer composite material
WO2001030864A2 (en) 1999-10-07 2001-05-03 The Dow Chemical Company Nanocomposite polymers
US6399535B1 (en) * 1999-11-01 2002-06-04 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Coordination catalyst systems employing agglomerated metal oxide/clay support-activator and method of their preparation

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3647284A (en) * 1970-11-30 1972-03-07 Virgil B Elings Optical display device
US5394202A (en) * 1993-01-14 1995-02-28 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for generating high resolution 3D images in a head tracked stereo display system

Cited By (76)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050088516A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-04-28 Myoung-Seop Song Display device for both two-dimensional and three-dimensional images and display method thereof
US20060120706A1 (en) * 2004-02-13 2006-06-08 Stereo Display, Inc. Three-dimensional endoscope imaging and display system
US7580178B2 (en) 2004-02-13 2009-08-25 Angstrom, Inc. Image-guided microsurgery system and method
US7751694B2 (en) 2004-02-13 2010-07-06 Angstrom, Inc. Three-dimensional endoscope imaging and display system
US20060232498A1 (en) * 2004-02-13 2006-10-19 Stereo Display, Inc. Three-dimensional display using variable focal length micromirror array lens
US20060092379A1 (en) * 2004-02-13 2006-05-04 Stereo Display, Inc. Image-guided microsurgery system and method
US7350922B2 (en) 2004-02-13 2008-04-01 Angstrom, Inc. Three-dimensional display using variable focal length micromirror array lens
US20060209423A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2006-09-21 Angstrom Inc. & Stereo Display Inc. Small and fast zoom system using micromirror array lens
US20070188883A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2007-08-16 Stereo Display, Inc. Three-dimensional imaging system for robot vision
US7339746B2 (en) 2004-03-22 2008-03-04 Angstrom, Inc. Small and fast zoom system using micromirror array lens
US7768571B2 (en) 2004-03-22 2010-08-03 Angstrom, Inc. Optical tracking system using variable focal length lens
US20050206773A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2005-09-22 Kim Tae H Optical tracking system using variable focal length lens
US7410266B2 (en) 2004-03-22 2008-08-12 Angstrom, Inc. Three-dimensional imaging system for robot vision
US7619614B2 (en) 2004-04-12 2009-11-17 Angstrom, Inc. Three-dimensional optical mouse system
US20060209439A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2006-09-21 Stereo Display, Inc. Three-dimensional imaging system
US20060221179A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2006-10-05 Stereo Display, Inc. Three-dimensional camcorder
US8049776B2 (en) 2004-04-12 2011-11-01 Angstrom, Inc. Three-dimensional camcorder
US7742232B2 (en) 2004-04-12 2010-06-22 Angstrom, Inc. Three-dimensional imaging system
US20060158432A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2006-07-20 Stereo Dispaly, Inc. Three-dimensional optical mouse system
US7777959B2 (en) 2004-05-27 2010-08-17 Angstrom, Inc. Micromirror array lens with fixed focal length
US7667896B2 (en) 2004-05-27 2010-02-23 Angstrom, Inc. DVD recording and reproducing system
US20060245067A1 (en) * 2004-05-27 2006-11-02 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror array lens with fixed focal length
US7354167B2 (en) 2004-05-27 2008-04-08 Angstrom, Inc. Beam focusing and scanning system using micromirror array lens
US7474454B2 (en) 2004-06-18 2009-01-06 Angstrom, Inc. Programmable micromirror motion control system
US20070064301A1 (en) * 2004-06-18 2007-03-22 Stereo Display, Inc. Discretely controlled micromirror with multi-level positions
US20050280883A1 (en) * 2004-06-18 2005-12-22 Angstrom Inc. & Stereo Display Inc. Discretely controlled micromirror with multi-level positions
US7400437B2 (en) 2004-06-18 2008-07-15 Angstrom, Inc. Discretely controlled micromirror with multi-level positions
US7382516B2 (en) 2004-06-18 2008-06-03 Angstrom, Inc. Discretely controlled micromirror with multi-level positions
US20060152792A1 (en) * 2004-06-18 2006-07-13 Stereo Display, Inc. Programmable micromirror motion control system
US20060001967A1 (en) * 2004-07-01 2006-01-05 Pol Techakumpuch Wide-field three dimensional imaging system
US8537204B2 (en) 2004-07-08 2013-09-17 Gyoung Il Cho 3D television broadcasting system
US20060007301A1 (en) * 2004-07-08 2006-01-12 Cho Gyoung I 3D television broadcasting system
US20080049291A1 (en) * 2004-11-08 2008-02-28 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror arry lens with optical surface profiles
WO2006096592A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-09-14 Stereo Display, Inc. Volumetric three-dimensional device using two-dimensional scanning device
US20060198012A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-09-07 Stereo Display, Inc. Fine control of rotation and translation of discretely controlled micromirror
US7330297B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2008-02-12 Angstrom, Inc Fine control of rotation and translation of discretely controlled micromirror
US20060198011A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-09-07 Stereo Display, Inc. Volumetric three-dimensional device using two-dimensional scanning device
US20060203117A1 (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-09-14 Stereo Display, Inc. Video monitoring system using variable focal length lens
US20060245072A1 (en) * 2005-04-15 2006-11-02 Asml Netherlands B.V. Variable lens and exposure system
US20070253070A1 (en) * 2005-04-15 2007-11-01 Asml Netherlands B.V. Variable lens and exposure system
US7460309B2 (en) 2005-04-15 2008-12-02 Asml Netherlands B.V. Variable lens and exposure system
US7221514B2 (en) * 2005-04-15 2007-05-22 Asml Netherlands B.V. Variable lens and exposure system
US20070040924A1 (en) * 2005-08-19 2007-02-22 Stereo Display, Inc. Cellular phone camera with three-dimensional imaging function
US20070041077A1 (en) * 2005-08-19 2007-02-22 Stereo Display, Inc. Pocket-sized two-dimensional image projection system
US20070115261A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-05-24 Stereo Display, Inc. Virtual Keyboard input system using three-dimensional motion detection by variable focal length lens
US7898144B2 (en) 2006-02-04 2011-03-01 Angstrom, Inc. Multi-step microactuator providing multi-step displacement to a controlled object
US20070182276A1 (en) * 2006-02-04 2007-08-09 Stereo Display, Inc. Multi-step microactuator
US9736346B2 (en) 2006-05-09 2017-08-15 Stereo Display, Inc Imaging system improving image resolution of the system with low resolution image sensor
US20080037102A1 (en) * 2006-08-10 2008-02-14 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror with multi-axis rotation and translation
US20080074727A1 (en) * 2006-09-22 2008-03-27 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror array device comprising encapsulated reflective metal layer and method of making the same
US7589885B2 (en) 2006-09-22 2009-09-15 Angstrom, Inc. Micromirror array device comprising encapsulated reflective metal layer and method of making the same
US7589884B2 (en) 2006-09-22 2009-09-15 Angstrom, Inc. Micromirror array lens with encapsulation of reflective metal layer and method of making the same
US20080074726A1 (en) * 2006-09-22 2008-03-27 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror array lens with encapsulation of reflective metal layer and method of making the same
US7488082B2 (en) 2006-12-12 2009-02-10 Angstrom, Inc. Discretely controlled micromirror array device with segmented electrodes
US20080225369A1 (en) * 2007-03-12 2008-09-18 Stereo Display, Inc. Discretely controlled micromirror device having multiple motions
US7535618B2 (en) 2007-03-12 2009-05-19 Angstrom, Inc. Discretely controlled micromirror device having multiple motions
US9505606B2 (en) 2007-06-13 2016-11-29 Angstrom, Inc. MEMS actuator with discretely controlled multiple motions
US20080309190A1 (en) * 2007-06-13 2008-12-18 Stereo Display, Inc. Mems actuator with discretely controlled multiple motions
US20090027780A1 (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-01-29 Stereo Display, Inc. Compact image taking lens system with a lens-surfaced prism
US20090040586A1 (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-12 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror arry with iris function
US20090185067A1 (en) * 2007-12-21 2009-07-23 Stereo Display, Inc. Compact automatic focusing camera
US20090237783A1 (en) * 2008-03-18 2009-09-24 Stereo Display, Inc. Binoculars with micromirror array lenses
US8810908B2 (en) 2008-03-18 2014-08-19 Stereo Display, Inc. Binoculars with micromirror array lenses
US20090290244A1 (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-11-26 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror array lens with self-tilted micromirrors
US20090303569A1 (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-12-10 Stereo Didplay, Inc. Self-tilted micromirror device
US8622557B2 (en) 2008-05-20 2014-01-07 Stereo Display, Inc. Micromirror array lens with self-tilted micromirrors
US20110175906A1 (en) * 2010-01-20 2011-07-21 Huabing Zheng Three-dimensional (3d) display system and method
US8223279B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2012-07-17 Shenzhen Super Perfect Optics Limited Three-dimensional (3D) display system and method
US8526820B1 (en) 2010-09-07 2013-09-03 The Boeing Company High pressure display
US8896919B2 (en) 2010-10-15 2014-11-25 Superd Co., Ltd. Autostereoscopic display system and method
US20130082905A1 (en) * 2011-01-18 2013-04-04 Disney Enterprises, Inc. Multi-layer plenoptic displays that combine multiple emissive and light modulating planes
US9179134B2 (en) * 2011-01-18 2015-11-03 Disney Enterprises, Inc. Multi-layer plenoptic displays that combine multiple emissive and light modulating planes
US20140168395A1 (en) * 2011-08-26 2014-06-19 Nikon Corporation Three-dimensional image display device
US20150185491A1 (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-07-02 Ya-Chuang Huang Optical Imaging Apparatus
US9881529B2 (en) 2015-06-12 2018-01-30 Innolux Corporation Display device and operating method thereof
US10359640B2 (en) 2016-03-08 2019-07-23 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Floating image display

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20040266934A1 (en) 2004-12-30
US6979718B2 (en) 2005-12-27
US6646072B2 (en) 2003-11-11
US20030139545A1 (en) 2003-07-24

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6940653B2 (en) Radiation conditioning system
US6734838B1 (en) Enhanced resolution for image generation
US6950078B2 (en) Three-dimensional representation method and an apparatus thereof
DE10359403B4 (en) Autostereoscopic multi-user display
US7128420B2 (en) Image projecting device and method
CA2456907C (en) Flat-panel projection display
KR100600459B1 (en) Three-dimensional display method and device therefor
EP0659324B1 (en) Stroboscopic illumination system for video displays
US7786962B2 (en) Image display device, portable terminal device, display panel and image display method using the same
JP3990984B2 (en) Far-field display
US8087784B2 (en) Systems and methods for displaying three-dimensional images
JP3151347B2 (en) Autostereoscopic directional display device
CN107329259B (en) Virtual and augmented reality System and method for
EP2177041B1 (en) Switchable optical imaging system and related 3d/2d image switchable apparatus
US6999110B2 (en) Three-dimensional image display system
EP0590832B1 (en) Stereoscopic display apparatus
CN100386663C (en) Image display device and portable terminal device using the same
JP4459959B2 (en) Autostereoscopic multi-user display
US20090040426A1 (en) Directional backlight, a multiple view display and a multi-direction display
JP4404311B2 (en) Multi-view directional display
KR100389249B1 (en) Multi-view image display system
US7419265B2 (en) Autostereoscopic projection system
US5954414A (en) Moving screen projection technique for volumetric three-dimensional display
JP5135448B2 (en) 3D display that can be displayed vertically or horizontally
US7123287B2 (en) Autostereoscopic display

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION