US20030062671A1 - Image forming apparatus and method for controlling the same - Google Patents

Image forming apparatus and method for controlling the same Download PDF

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Publication number
US20030062671A1
US20030062671A1 US09/964,634 US96463401A US2003062671A1 US 20030062671 A1 US20030062671 A1 US 20030062671A1 US 96463401 A US96463401 A US 96463401A US 2003062671 A1 US2003062671 A1 US 2003062671A1
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Prior art keywords
roller
sheet
conveyance
image forming
speed
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US09/964,634
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Kazumasa Yasui
Noriyuki Takuwa
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Toshiba Corp
Toshiba TEC Corp
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Toshiba TEC Corp
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Priority to US09/964,634 priority Critical patent/US20030062671A1/en
Assigned to TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAISHA reassignment TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAISHA ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: TAKUWA, NORIYUKI, YASUI, KAZUMASA
Publication of US20030062671A1 publication Critical patent/US20030062671A1/en
Assigned to KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA, TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAISHA reassignment KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA ASSIGNMENT (ONE-HALF INTEREST) Assignors: TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAISHA
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H5/00Feeding articles separated from piles; Feeding articles to machines
    • B65H5/34Varying the phase of feed relative to the receiving machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H1/00Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated
    • B65H1/26Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated with auxiliary supports to facilitate introduction or renewal of the pile
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G15/00Apparatus for electrographic processes using a charge pattern
    • G03G15/65Apparatus which relate to the handling of copy material
    • G03G15/6555Handling of sheet copy material taking place in a specific part of the copy material feeding path
    • G03G15/6558Feeding path after the copy sheet preparation and up to the transfer point, e.g. registering; Deskewing; Correct timing of sheet feeding to the transfer point
    • G03G15/6561Feeding path after the copy sheet preparation and up to the transfer point, e.g. registering; Deskewing; Correct timing of sheet feeding to the transfer point for sheet registration
    • G03G15/6564Feeding path after the copy sheet preparation and up to the transfer point, e.g. registering; Deskewing; Correct timing of sheet feeding to the transfer point for sheet registration with correct timing of sheet feeding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/10Handled articles or webs
    • B65H2701/17Nature of material
    • B65H2701/176Cardboard
    • B65H2701/1764Cut-out, single-layer, e.g. flat blanks for boxes

Abstract

There is disclosed an image forming apparatus and a method for controlling the apparatus, comprising a roller for conveying a sheet, and a sensor for detecting a time for conveying the sheet by the roller, the conveyance time of the sheet by the roller actually measured by the sensor is compared with an average conveyance time of the sheet corresponding to a sheet size, and a conveyance speed of the sheet by the roller is corrected so as to set the conveyance speed of the roller to be constant based on a comparison result.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to an image forming apparatus and a controlling method of the apparatus. [0001]
  • In a conventional image forming apparatus, a speed is controlled based on an output of a pre-registration sensor, or a sheet size is detected based on the output of the pre-registration sensor in order to align a tip-end position of a conveyed sheet. [0002]
  • Since a roller for use in this image forming apparatus is not a frequently changed component, the roller is worn by friction, and it becomes difficult to obtain an initially set speed just before an end of life of an apparatus body. Therefore, a friction of a roller diameter, a margin for a precision of the roller diameter, or the precision is strictly preset. [0003]
  • In this case, a necessary or more margin has to be set. That is, a speed is set to be lower than an actual copy speed by about 1 to 2 CPM, or the CPM is reduced in duration of life in many cases. [0004]
  • Here, for example, in Jpn. Pat. Appln. KOKAI Publication No. 2000-191182, a technique for controlling an ON timing of rotation start of a registration roller and aligning a tip end of an image of the sheet in accordance with a detection point with a correction value added to a reflective sheet sensor by a type of a sheet by a sheet detection sensor is disclosed. [0005]
  • However, the following problem occurs in the aforementioned prior art. [0006]
  • That is, it is also seen from the aforementioned document (Jpn. Pat. Appln. KOKAI Publication No. 2000-191182, and the like) that the output of the reflective sheet sensor differs in a detection position. [0007]
  • Moreover, the reflective sheet sensor is used to change the speed timing of the registration roller and a constant control is carried out. However, in a future high-speed apparatus, a long-life rubber conveyance roller is required for the registration roller or a reverse roller and further a conveyance roller. Therefore, in order to obtain the long-life roller, it is essential to develop a roller superior in resistance to friction for enhancement of durability, and cost increases as compared with the existing rubber roller. [0008]
  • Moreover, in the reverse roller or the registration roller, the roller diameter needs to be precise in order to constantly convey the sheet. Therefore, the precision is required to be ±0.03 or less, and becomes comparatively high considering from a yield, manufacturing cost, and the like. [0009]
  • Furthermore, the reverse roller is commercialized by setting the copy speed with an excessively sufficient margin, so that the speed is reduced as compared with an actually possible copy speed in actual circumstances. Moreover, when the speed is not set with the sufficient margin, during reversing, the next sheet enters the reverse roller before completion of reversing of the previous sheet, and therefore jam occurs. Furthermore, in order to avoid the aforementioned phenomenon, a conventional type of apparatus is controlled so that the next sheet is inserted into a reverse path after checking of end of reversing. That is, the control is performed in such a manner that the copy speed is reduced in the duration of life. [0010]
  • Moreover, when the speed of the roller is slowed down in the reverse roller, overlapping of sheets increasingly occurs. With the increased overlapping of sheets, sheet tailings are generated, a friction coefficient of the roller is lowered, and a conveyance property is also deteriorated. Therefore, the speed is slowed down, and a frequency of occurrence of jam increases. Furthermore, with the much overlapping of sheets, when a toner is recycled, the sheet tailings are also conveyed into a cleaner, image deterioration, or the like is generated, and a photosensitive body is possibly influenced. [0011]
  • BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention has been developed in consideration of the problem, and an object thereof lies in the following respect. That is, a conveyance speed of each roller is detected based on outputs of various sensors disposed in the vicinity of a registration roller or a reverse roller, and a conveyance roller, and the conveyance speed of each roller is controlled by a pulse motor based on a detection result. Therefore, the object is to realize an optimum setting of the conveyance speed, and prevent a deviation of an image, conveyance dispersion, and occurrence of jam. Moreover, a further object is to moderate a precision of each single roller unit, so that a yield is enhanced, and further cost down is realized. [0012]
  • In order to achieve the aforementioned objects, according to the present invention, there is provided an image forming apparatus comprising: a roller for conveying a sheet; a sensor for detecting a time for conveying the sheet by the roller; and a correction controller for comparing the conveyance time of the sheet by the roller actually measured by the sensor with an average conveyance time of the sheet corresponding to a sheet size, and correcting a conveyance speed of the sheet by the roller so as to set the conveyance speed of the roller to be constant based on a comparison result. [0013]
  • Furthermore, according to the present invention, there is provided a method for controlling an image forming apparatus, comprising: a first step of conveying a sheet by a roller; a second step of detecting a time for conveying the sheet by the roller by a sensor; and a third step of comparing the conveyance time of the sheet by the roller actually measured by the sensor with an average conveyance time of the sheet corresponding to a sheet size, and correcting a conveyance speed of the sheet by the roller so as to set the conveyance speed of the roller to be constant based on a comparison result by a correction controller. [0014]
  • Additional objects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the description which follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention. The objects and advantages of the invention may be realized and obtained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out hereinafter.[0015]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWING
  • The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of the specification, illustrate presently preferred embodiments of the invention, and together with the general description given above and the detailed description of the preferred embodiments given below, serve to explain the principles of the invention. [0016]
  • FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a constitution of an image forming apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention, [0017]
  • FIG. 2 is a partially enlarged view of FIG. 1, [0018]
  • FIG. 3 is a partially enlarged view of FIG. 1, [0019]
  • FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a relation between a friction amount and a conveyance speed when a registration roller (φ[0020] 20) is used,
  • FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a relation between the number of passed sheets and the friction amount of a rubber roller in a case in which a sheet size is A[0021] 4 and rubber rollers are employed in registration rollers 1, 2,
  • FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a relation between the conveyance speed and the friction amount of an ADU/reverse roller [0022] 10,
  • FIG. 7 is a diagram showing a statistical result of a component dispersion, [0023]
  • FIG. 8 is a diagram showing a constitution of a control system of the image forming apparatus according to the embodiment, [0024]
  • FIG. 9 is a flowchart showing a correction control of a conveyance roller by the image forming apparatus according to the embodiment in detail, and [0025]
  • FIG. 10 is a flowchart showing the correction control of the conveyance roller by the image forming apparatus according to the embodiment in detail.[0026]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • An embodiment of the present invention will be described hereinafter with reference to the drawings. [0027]
  • FIG. 1 shows a constitution of an image forming apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 and FIG. 3 show partially enlarged views of FIG. 1, and the constitution will be described. [0028]
  • Here, a characteristic part of the present invention will mainly be described. [0029]
  • In FIG. 1, 2, after aligning, a pre-registration sensor [0030] 22 detects a time when registration rollers 1, 2 convey a sheet into a photosensitive drum 4.
  • The conveyance time actually measured by the pre-registration sensor [0031] 22 is compared with an average conveyance time corresponding to a type of the sheet such as A4/A3, and a deviation amount can be detected. When the pre-registration sensor 22 is disposed behind the registration rollers 1, 2 and the conveyance speed of the sheet is detected, further accurate detection can be carried out.
  • That is, the pre-registration sensor [0032] 22 is disposed in a position where the sheet is passed through the registration rollers 1, 2, and then a conveyance speed 400 mm/sec of the sheet can be measured. Therefore, a measured result can be converted to the deviation amount. Additionally, reference numeral 23 denotes a conveyance roller for conveying the sheet from a supply sheet unit.
  • The surface of the photosensitive drum [0033] 4 is uniformly charged by a charging unit 5.
  • Moreover, the surface of the photosensitive drum [0034] 4 is irradiated with a light in accordance with a character or a numeral to be printed, and an electrostatic latent image is formed. Subsequently, a toner is brought into contact with the surface of the photosensitive drum 4 by a developer unit 3, and the toner is attached to an electrostatic latent image portion.
  • The toner attached to the surface of the photosensitive drum [0035] 4 in this manner is transferred to the sheet in a process of conveyance by a transfer belt 6. Subsequently, the toner transferred to the sheet is fixed by heat and pressure by a fixer unit 7.
  • FIG. 4 shows and depicts a relation between a friction amount and a conveyance speed when the registration roller φ[0036] 20 is used. In the drawing, the ordinate indicates the conveyance speed (mm/sec), and the abscissa indicates a friction amount (mm).
  • When the friction amount is 0.2 mm (1% deviation) in terms of a diameter, the conveyance speed is 396 mm/sec, and a deviation amount of about 5 msec results with an LT size. [0037]
  • When the friction amount is 0.4 mm (2% deviation) in terms of the diameter, the conveyance speed is 392 mm/sec, and a deviation amount of a time of about 11 msec results with the LT size. [0038]
  • Therefore, with a friction amount of 1%, if a distance between the registration rollers [0039] 1, 2 and the photosensitive drum 4 is 60 mm, the deviation amount is 0.6 mm
  • Moreover, with a deviation of 2%, the deviation allowed for a tip-end position has a boundary of 1 mm. In the speed detection of the registration rollers [0040] 1, 2, similarly as in the tip-end position, a deviation of 5 msec corresponding to about 0.6 mm is preferably detected and corrected. FIG. 4 shows the relation between the amount and the speed with respect to a deviation of 1%.
  • Next, FIG. 5 shows and depicts a relation between the number of passed sheets and the friction amount of a rubber roller in a case in which a sheet size is A[0041] 4 and rubber rollers are employed in the registration rollers 1, 2. The ordinates indicates the friction amount (mm), and the abscissa indicates the number of sheets (K sheets).
  • In general, a life of an apparatus body of a high-speed apparatus is enhanced. However, when the number of passed sheets reaches about 2000 K sheets, 4000 K sheets, the friction amount of the roller is about 0.2 mm, 0.4 mm. When 2000 K sheets are passed in this manner, the friction amount of about 0.2 mm (1%) is generated, and therefore a margin of the order of 3 to 5% is required for a registration portion. [0042]
  • The margin of 5% is converted to a time of about 25 msec. [0043]
  • Since about 10 msec corresponds to 1 CPM in the high-speed machine, 25 msec is treated as the margin for about 2 CPM. [0044]
  • The CPM is not determined only by the registration roller. However, a condition is satisfied in another portion, but a decrease of 2 CPM results with respect to the registration roller, and an apparatus body property is not sufficiently fulfilled. [0045]
  • In consideration of the above, in the image forming apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention, the relation between the number of copy sheets and the friction amount shown in FIG. 5 is used beforehand, and a control is performed in such a manner that a copy speed is corrected for every number of copy sheets (50 K sheets). [0046]
  • When the copy speed is determined by the number of sheets, a ratio of the sheet size largely differs (the ratio differs double with A[0047] 4/A3), and therefore accurate approximation becomes difficult.
  • Then, the copy speed is determined in accordance with a timing of registration including the high-speed apparatus. [0048]
  • When the speed of registration is slowed down, and a conveyance timing is considered with the slowed speed, the copy speed gradually decreases because of the influence of the friction of the roller. On the other hand, when a large margin is taken, the property of the apparatus body cannot sufficiently be fulfilled. [0049]
  • In this respect, the friction amount of each roller is taken into consideration for the life control of the speed, signals of PPS of a pulse motor are counted, and a result satisfactorily agrees with a running distance. [0050]
  • The speed can also be controlled in accordance with the number of sheets. However, when the speed is controlled by the counted signals of PPS of the pulse motor, the result corresponds to the running distance of the roller, and the friction amount of the roller can be estimated. In order to accurately correct the speed, there is provided a function for measuring the conveyance time of the roller and correcting a state (friction coefficient) of the roller or the diameter (friction amount) or an initial dimension (component dispersion) of the roller. The margin and roller state are thereby grasped, and correction control is performed. [0051]
  • Returning to FIG. 1, 3, a process of reverse conveyance will be described. [0052]
  • First, in the reverse conveyance, the sheet is passed through the fixer unit [0053] 7, and passed through a fixing discharge roller 29. In an apparatus type in which a sheet interval is small or the conveyance speed is low, the conveyance speed of 400 mm/sec is accelerated to 700 mm/sec. This minimizes an overlap amount of sheets. The sheet is passed through a reverse/double-surface gate 8 and reaches a reverse position. Thereafter, the sheet is again conveyed at a speed of 700 mm/sec. In this case, when the speed of a sheet discharge roller 25 is controlled to be the same speed, the revere conveyance is realized. The reversed sheet is conveyed by a reverse conveyance roller 27. In this case, the speed is detected by a reverse sensor based on an on/off timing of a reverse switch 9.
  • In double-surface conveyance, the sheet is passed through the fixer unit [0054] 7, and passed through the fixing discharge roller 29. Similarly as the reverse conveyance, in the apparatus type in which the sheet interval is small or the conveyance speed is low, the conveyance speed of 400 mm/sec is accelerated to 700 mm/sec at a timing similar to the aforementioned timing. Subsequently, after the sheet is conveyed along a guide 15 to an ADU reverse position at the speed, an ADU gate 12 is closed. Subsequently, the sheet is conveyed to an ADU/reverse roller 10 at the speed of 700 mm/sec.
  • Moreover, in the embodiment, the conveyance speed by the conveyance rollers [0055] 13, 16, 17 is determined in order to control the speed in accordance with the sheet size and double-surface/reverse speed. Additionally, reference numerals 14, 20 denote sensors for detecting the conveyance speed.
  • When a main body reverses, the ADU/reverse sensor [0056] 11 measures the conveyance speed of the ADU/reverse roller 10. The conveyance speed of the ADU/reverse roller 10 is measured by the ADU/reverse sensor 11. The diameter or the state of the ADU/reverse roller 10 is judged based on a measurement result, and the speed correction control is adequately performed.
  • Next, FIG. 6 shows and depicts a relation between the conveyance speed and the friction amount of the ADU/reverse roller [0057] 10. In comparison of a graph of FIG. 6 with the graph of FIG. 4 with the conveyance speed of 400 mm/sec, it is seen that a reduction ratio of the conveyance speed with an increase of the friction amount increases with an accelerated conveyance speed even with the same friction amount.
  • Moreover, when such reduction ratio increases more, a large speed difference among the respective ADU/reverse rollers [0058] 10 appears. This largely changes in accordance with a speed ratio of 700 mm/sec for 400 mm/sec.
  • When a speed difference between the sheet discharge roller [0059] 25 and the ADU/reverse roller 10 is large (if the ADU/reverse roller 10 is worn), pulling occurs between the sheet discharge roller 25 and ADU/reverse roller 10. Therefore, it is possible to set and keep a relation between the reverse copy speed and the sheet discharge roller 25 to be constant.
  • For this, the sheet discharge roller [0060] 25 is similarly controlled, or the sheet discharge roller 25 is controlled to obtain the conveyance speed adapted for the ADU/reverse roller 10 so that the rollers are correlated with each other, then occurrence of the problem can be reduced.
  • With 2% correction of the speed of the reverse roller, 400 mm/sec turns to 392 mm/sec, and 700 mm/sec turns to the speed of conveyance of 686 mm/sec. The speed is controlled so that the ratio of correction with respect to each speed becomes the same, and this enables the control in the roller in which two speeds exist. [0061]
  • Moreover, during the control between two rollers, it is preferable to control both the rollers so that the difference is 1% or less. When the conveyance speed is accelerated, with the 2% deviation, the difference is 4 mm with an A[0062] 4 size, and becomes double, that is, 8 mm with the A3 size. In order to minimize an influence onto the pulse motor even when a loosening position of the sheet is necessary or the pulling occurs, the speed is preferably detected by the sheet size.
  • Next, FIG. 7 shows and depicts a statistical result of a component dispersion. [0063]
  • Assuming that a dispersion is ±0.03 on the drawing with respect to a design value of φ20 mm, defective products of the order of 1 to 3% are generated. When the speed control correction of the present invention is used even in the defective products, the dispersion can be changed to ±0.05 or ±0.1, and a yield can largely be improved. For setting, in order to appropriately set the speed, only one sheet with a large size such as A[0064] 3 is used, and the speed of the roller is measured by each sensor, and corrected.
  • Thereafter, when the corrected speed is used, any sheet can be conveyed without any problem. [0065]
  • Here, FIG. 8 shows and depicts a constitution of a control system of the image forming apparatus according to the embodiment. In FIG. 8, a controller [0066] 50 is constituted of a CPU for controlling an operation, a ROM in which software of the operation of the image forming apparatus is stored, and a RAM in which image data or another operational data is temporarily stored.
  • An image processor [0067] 53 processes an original image read by a scanner 52, processes image data from a page memory 55, and the like, and outputs the processed image data to the page memory 55, a printer 54, and an HDD 56. The image data from the image processor 53 is registered in the page memory 55.
  • The HDD [0068] 56 is an external storage device represented by a hard disk in which various data is stored. For example, when a plurality of sheets are copied, a compressed image is registered, and the compressed image is read and printed during printing.
  • The conveyance roller correction control by the image forming apparatus according to the embodiment will be described hereinafter in detail with reference to a flowchart of FIG. 9. [0069]
  • When the conveyance roller correction control is started, a print key of an operation panel [0070] 51 is depressed, and the sheet size is determined (step S1). Subsequently, each driving motor is turned ON by the controller 50 at each timing, and driving is started (step S2).
  • Subsequently, the sheet is conveyed by a method and timing determined with respect to each sensor, and the conveyance of the sheet is measured by a sensor for detecting the sheet based on a conveyance time from when the sensor turns ON until the sensor turns OFF (steps S[0071] 3 to S5).
  • Moreover, the controller [0072] 50 detects the timing at which the sensor turns OFF, calculates a time actually required for the sheet conveyance, and distinguishes an error from the existing setting (step S6).
  • Here, when a measured time T is not within 1%, each pulse motor speed control is performed (step S[0073] 7), and it is judged whether or not to perform continuous sheet passing (step S8).
  • Here, when the continuous sheet passing is performed, the flow returns to the step S[0074] 3. When the continuous sheet passing is not performed and when the measured time T is within 1% in the step S6, each pulse motor is turned off, and the operation is ended (step S9).
  • The measured time is preferably judged every time. However, the measured time does not largely change. Therefore, a control for changing the speed of the motor is carried out when a measurement error exceeds 1%. [0075]
  • Another conveyance roller correction control by the image forming apparatus according to the embodiment will next be described hereinafter in detail with reference to a flowchart of FIG. 10. [0076]
  • When the conveyance roller correction control is started, the print key of the operation panel [0077] 51 is depressed, and the sheet size is determined (step S10). Subsequently, each driving motor is turned ON by the controller 50 at each timing, and driving is started (step S11).
  • Subsequently, the sheet is conveyed by the method and timing determined with respect to each sensor, and the conveyance of the sheet is measured by the sensor for detecting the sheet based on the conveyance time from when the sensor turns ON until the sensor turns OFF (steps S[0078] 12 to S14).
  • Moreover, the controller detects the timing at which the sensor turns OFF, calculates the time actually required for the sheet conveyance, and distinguishes the error from the existing setting (step S[0079] 15).
  • Here, with the measured time T not within 0.5%, it is further judged whether or not the measured time T is within 1% (step S[0080] 16). When the time is within 1%, a counter N is incremented (step S17). It is judged whether or not the counter N indicates a counted value of 100 or more (step S18).
  • Here, when the counter indicates [0081] 100 or more, each pulse motor speed control is performed (step S19), and it is judged whether or not to perform the continuous sheet passing (step S20).
  • When the continuous sheet passing is performed, the flow returns to the step S[0082] 12. When the continuous sheet passing is not performed, when the measured time T is within 0.5% in the step S15, and when the counter does not indicate 100 or more in the step S18, each pulse motor is turned off, and the operation is ended (step S21).
  • In this example, even when the deviation amount does not exceed a given value, the same result is continuously generated. There is provided a counter for checking the number of times. When the counter reaches the given value, the correction is permitted, the speed is corrected, and further stable conveyance is realized. [0083]
  • In the present invention, the current control state of the roller is recorded as information to the control panel or a serviceman, the state of the roller can therefore be judged, it can be judged whether or not a change is necessary, and for this purpose, a display function is provided. [0084]
  • Furthermore, when a correction reference value is changed in accordance with the sheet size (e.g., about 0.5% for A[0085] 3, about 1% for A4, and the like), the conveyance time of the sheet can accurately be measured.
  • Additional advantages and modifications will readily occur to those skilled in the art. Therefore, the invention in its broader aspects is not limited to the specific details and representative embodiments shown and described herein. Accordingly, various modifications may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the general inventive concept as defined by the appended claims and their equivalents. [0086]

Claims (16)

What is claimed is:
1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
a roller which conveys a sheet;
a sensor which detects a time for conveying the sheet by said roller; and
a controller which compares the conveyance time of the sheet by said roller actually measured by the sensor with an average conveyance time of the sheet corresponding to a sheet size, and correcting a conveyance speed of the sheet by said roller so as to set the conveyance speed of the roller to be constant based on a comparison result.
2. The image forming apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said controller compares the conveyance time of a first sheet detected by the sensor with the conveyance time of the sheet after a predetermined number of sheets, and performs the correction control so as to set the conveyance speed of the sheet by said roller to be constant, when a difference of the time is large.
3. The image forming apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said controller performs the correction control so as to set the conveyance speed of the sheet by the roller to be constant based on an output of said sensor, when a jam occurs in a conveyance process of the sheet by said roller.
4. The image forming apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said controller performs the correction control so as to change the conveyance speed of the sheet by said roller in a range in which a change is prevented from being generated in a speed of image formation.
5. The image forming apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a display section for performing a predetermined warning display,
wherein the predetermined warning display is performed in said display section, when said correction controller judges a state of the roller to be outside a range capable of being handled by the correction control.
6. The image forming apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said controller performs the correction control of the conveyance speed of the sheet by said roller also based on the size of the sheet conveyed by said roller.
7. The image forming apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said controller performs the correction control of the conveyance speed of the sheet by said roller for every number of copy sheets based on a relation between the number of copy sheets and a friction amount of the roller.
8. The image forming apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a pulse motor for driving said roller, p1 wherein said controller counts a pulse signal of the pulse motor, estimates a friction amount of the roller, and performs the correction control.
9. A method for controlling an image forming apparatus, comprising:
a first step of conveying a sheet by a roller;
a second step of detecting a time for conveying the sheet by said roller by a sensor; and
a third step of comparing the conveyance time of the sheet by said roller actually measured by the sensor with an average conveyance time of the sheet corresponding to a sheet size, and correcting a conveyance speed of the sheet by said roller so as to set the conveyance speed of the roller to be constant based on a comparison result by a controller.
10. The method for controlling the image forming apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said third step by the controller comprises steps of: comparing the conveyance time of a first sheet detected by the sensor with the conveyance time of the sheet after a predetermined number of sheets; and performing a correction control so as to set the conveyance speed of the sheet by said roller to be constant, when a difference of the time is large.
11. The method for controlling the image forming apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said third step by the controller comprises a step of performing the correction control so as to set the conveyance speed of the sheet by the roller to be constant based on an output of said sensor, when a jam occurs in a conveyance process of the sheet by said roller.
12. The method for controlling the image forming apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said third step by the controller comprises a step of performing the correction control so as to change the conveyance speed of the sheet by said roller in a range in which a change is prevented from being generated in a speed of image formation.
13. The method for controlling the image forming apparatus according to claim 9, further comprising: a fourth step of performing a predetermined warning display by a display section,
wherein said fourth step comprises a step of performing the predetermined warning display in the display section, when said controller judges a state of the roller to be outside a range capable of being handled by the correction control in said third step.
14. The method for controlling the image forming apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said third step by the controller comprises a step of performing the correction control of the conveyance speed of the sheet by said roller also based on the size of the sheet conveyed by said roller.
15. The method for controlling the image forming apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said third step by the controller comprises a step of performing the correction control of the conveyance speed of the sheet by said roller for every number of copy sheets based on a relation between the number of copy sheets and a friction amount of the roller.
16. The method for controlling the image forming apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said third step by the controller comprises steps of: counting a pulse signal of a pulse motor and estimating a friction amount of the roller; and performing the correction control.
US09/964,634 2001-09-28 2001-09-28 Image forming apparatus and method for controlling the same Abandoned US20030062671A1 (en)

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CN103048904A (en) * 2011-10-12 2013-04-17 佳能株式会社 Recording material conveyance apparatus and image forming apparatus
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JP2016085260A (en) * 2014-10-23 2016-05-19 コニカミノルタ株式会社 Image forming apparatus, image forming system, and image forming method
US10677681B2 (en) * 2016-10-19 2020-06-09 Coglix Co. Ltd. Inspection method and apparatus for testing cap sealing of container that involves calculating surface temperature of temperature sensor and comparing difference between measured temperature and the calculated temperature with threshold for correcting thermal image data

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