US20010034912A1 - Cleaning processes and compositions - Google Patents

Cleaning processes and compositions Download PDF

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US20010034912A1
US20010034912A1 US09/681,904 US68190401A US2001034912A1 US 20010034912 A1 US20010034912 A1 US 20010034912A1 US 68190401 A US68190401 A US 68190401A US 2001034912 A1 US2001034912 A1 US 2001034912A1
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Prior art keywords
cleaning composition
pbw
article
method
salt
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US09/681,904
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John Kilgour
Robert Perry
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Kilgour John A.
Perry Robert J.
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Priority to US09/289,299 priority Critical patent/US6310029B1/en
Application filed by Kilgour John A., Perry Robert J. filed Critical Kilgour John A.
Priority to US09/681,904 priority patent/US20010034912A1/en
Publication of US20010034912A1 publication Critical patent/US20010034912A1/en
Assigned to JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A. AS ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT reassignment JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A. AS ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT SECURITY AGREEMENT Assignors: MOMENTIVE PERFORMANCE MATERIALS GMBH & CO. KG, MOMENTIVE PERFORMANCE MATERIALS HOLDINGS INC., MOMENTIVE PERFORMANCE MATERIALS JAPAN HOLDINGS GK
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06LDRY-CLEANING, WASHING OR BLEACHING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR MADE-UP FIBROUS GOODS; BLEACHING LEATHER OR FURS
    • D06L1/00Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods
    • D06L1/02Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods using organic solvents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D7/00Compositions of detergents based essentially on non-surface-active compounds
    • C11D7/50Solvents
    • C11D7/5036Azeotropic mixtures containing halogenated solvents
    • C11D7/5068Mixtures of halogenated and non-halogenated solvents
    • C11D7/5095Mixtures including solvents containing other heteroatoms than oxygen, e.g. nitriles, amides, nitroalkanes, siloxanes, thioethers
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06LDRY-CLEANING, WASHING OR BLEACHING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR MADE-UP FIBROUS GOODS; BLEACHING LEATHER OR FURS
    • D06L1/00Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods
    • D06L1/02Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods using organic solvents
    • D06L1/04Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods using organic solvents combined with specific additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/82Compounds containing silicon

Abstract

Methods for cleaning an article comprise contacting the article with a cleaning composition comprising a linear or branched volatile siloxane. In one embodiment, the method for cleaning the article comprises contacting the article with a cleaning composition comprising, based upon 100 pbw of the cleaning composition, 80 pbw to 99.99 pbw of a linear or branched volatile siloxane. In another embodiment, the method for cleaning the article comprises contacting the article with a cleaning composition comprising, based upon 100 pbw of the cleaning composition, 50.1 pbw to 99 pbw of a linear or branched volatile siloxane and a cyclic siloxane.

Description

    Cross Reference to Related Applications
  • This application claims the benefit of U.S. application Ser. No. 09/289,299 filed Apr. 9, 1999, which is hereby incorporated by reference.[0001]
  • BACKGROUND OF INVENTION
  • The present invention is directed to a composition, more specifically, to a siloxane fluid based composition, for use in dry cleaning and to a dry cleaning process using the composition. [0002]
  • Current dry cleaning technology uses perchloroethylene (“PERC”) or petroleum-based materials as the cleaning solvent. PERC suffers from toxicity and odor issues. The petroleum-based products are not as effective as PERC in cleaning garments. [0003]
  • Linear volatile siloxanes and cyclic siloxanes have been reported as spot cleaning solutions, see U.S. Pat. No. 4,685,930. Other patents disclose the use of silicone soaps in petroleum solvents, see JP 09299687, and the use of silicone surfactants in super critical carbon dioxide solutions has been reported, see, for example, U.S. Pat. No. 5,676,705 and Chem. Mark. Rep., Dec. 15, 1997, 252(24), p. 15. Non-volatile silicone oils have also been used as the cleaning solvent requiring removal by a second washing with perfluoroalkane to remove the silicone oil, see JP 06327888. [0004]
  • Numerous other patents have issued in which siloxanes or organomodified silicones have been present as addenda in PERC or petroleum based dry cleaning solvents, see, for example, WO 9401510; U.S. Pat. No. 4,911,853; U.S. Pat. No. 4,005,231; U.S. Pat. No. 4,065,258. [0005]
  • SUMMARY OF INVENTION
  • Disclosed herein are methods for cleaning articles and compositions used therefore. In one embodiment, the method for cleaning an article comprises: contacting the article with a cleaning composition comprising, the based upon 100 pbw of the cleaning composition, 80 pbw to 99.99 pbw of a linear or branched volatile siloxane. [0006]
  • In another embodiment the method for cleaning an article comprises: contacting the article with a cleaning composition comprising, based upon 100 pbw of the cleaning composition, 50.1 pbw to 99 pbw of a linear or branched volatile siloxane and a cyclic siloxane. [0007]
  • In one embodiment, the cleaning composition comprises a linear or branched volatile siloxane and a surfactant. [0008]
  • In another embodiment, the cleaning composition comprises a linear or branched volatile siloxane and a cyclic siloxane. [0009]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • The process disclosed herein is effective in removing both non-polar stains, such as for example, oil and sebum, and polar stains, such as, for example, salts, components of coffee, tea and grape juice, from the article, for example, a garment, being cleaned and in suppressing redeposition of soil on the article. [0010]
  • Preferably, the first preferred embodiment of the cleaning composition of the present invention comprises, based on 100 parts by weight (“pbw”) of the composition, from 80 pbw to 99.99 pbw, more preferably from 90 pbw to 99.9 pbw and even more preferably from 92 pbw to 99.5 pbw of the linear or branched volatile siloxane and from 0.01 pbw to 20 pbw, more preferably from 0.1 pbw to less than 10 pbw and even more preferably from 0.5 pbw to 8 pbw of the surfactant. In a preferred embodiment, the cleaning composition further comprises, based on 100 pbw of the composition, up to 10 pbw, more preferably from 0.01 pbw to 10 pbw, even more preferably from 0.1 pbw to 5 pbw, even more preferably 0.5 pbw to 2 pbw water. [0011]
  • Preferably, the second preferred embodiment of the cleaning composition of the present invention comprises, based on 100 pbw of the composition, from 0.1 pbw to 99.9 pbw, more preferably from 50.1 pbw to 99 pbw and even more preferably from 80 pbw to 99 pbw of the linear or branched volatile siloxane and from 0.1 pbw to 99.9 pbw, more preferably from pbw 1 to 49.99 pbw and even more preferably from 1 pbw to 20 pbw of the cyclic siloxane. In a preferred embodiment, the cleaning composition further comprises, based on 100 pbw of the composition, up to 10 pbw, more preferably from 0.01 pbw to 10 pbw, even more preferably from 0.1 pbw to 5 pbw, even more preferably 0.5 pbw to 2 pbw water. [0012]
  • Compounds suitable as the linear or branched, volatile siloxane component of the present invention are those containing a polysiloxane structure that includes from 2 to 20 silicon atoms. Preferably, the linear or branched, volatile siloxanes are relatively volatile materials, having, for example, a boiling of below about 300° C. point at a pressure of 760 millimeters of mercury (“mm Hg”). [0013]
  • In a preferred embodiment, the linear or branched, volatile siloxane comprises one or more compounds of the structural formula (I): [0014]
    Figure US20010034912A1-20011101-C00001
  • wherein: M is R[0015] 1 3SiO1/2D is R2 2SiO2/2; T is R3SiO3/2; Q is SiO4/2; R1, R2 and R3 are each independently a monovalent hydrocarbon radical; and x and y are each integers, wherein 0≦x≦10 and 0≦y≦10 and 0≦z≦10.
  • Suitable monovalent hydrocarbon groups include acyclic hydrocarbon radicals, monovalent alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals, monovalent and aromatic hydrocarbon radicals. Preferred monovalent hydrocarbon radicals are monovalent alkyl radicals, monovalent aryl radicals and monovalent aralkyl radicals. [0016]
  • As used herein, the term “(C[0017] 1-C6)alkyl” means a linear or branched alkyl group containing from 1 to 6 carbons per group, such as, for example, methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, n-butyl, iso-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, hexyl, preferably methyl.
  • As used herein, the term “aryl” means a monovalent unsaturated hydrocarbon ring system containing one or more aromatic rings per group, which may optionally be substituted on the one or more aromatic rings, preferably with one or more (C[0018] 1-C6)alkyl groups and which, in the case of two or more rings, may be fused rings, including, for example, phenyl, 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl, 2-isopropylmethylphenyl, 1-pentalenyl, naphthyl, anthryl, preferably phenyl.
  • As used herein, the term “aralkyl” means an aryl derivative of an alkyl group, preferably a (C[0019] 2-C6)alkyl group, wherein the alkyl portion of the aryl derivative may, optionally, be interrupted by an oxygen atom, such as, for example, phenylethyl, phenylpropyl, 2-(1-naphthyl)ethyl, preferably phenylpropyl, phenyoxypropyl, biphenyloxypropyl.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the monovalent hydrocarbon radical is a monovalent (C[0020] 1-C6)alkyl radical, most preferably, methyl.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the linear or branched, volatile siloxane comprises one or more of, hexamethyldisiloxane, octamethyltrisiloxane, decamethyltetrasiloxane, dodecamethylpentasiloxane, tetradecamethylhexasiloxane or hexadecamethylheptasiloxane or methyltris (trimethylsiloxy)silane. In a more highly preferred embodiment, the linear or branched, volatile siloxane of the present invention comprises octamethyltrisiloxane, decamethyltetrasiloxane, or dodecamethylpentasiloxane or methyltris(trimethylsiloxy)silane. In a highly preferred embodiment, the siloxane component of the composition of the present invention consists essentially of decamethyltetrasiloxane. [0021]
  • Suitable linear or branched volatile siloxanes are made by known methods, such as, for example, hydrolysis and condensation of one or more of tetrachlorosilane, methyltrichlorosilane, dimethyidichlorosilane, trimethylchlorosilane, or by isolation of the desired fraction of an equilibrate mixture of hexamethyldisiloxane and octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane or the like and are commercially available. [0022]
  • Compounds suitable as the cyclic siloxane component of the present invention are those containing a polysiloxane ring structure that includes from 2 to 20 silicon atoms in the ring. Preferably, the linear, volatile siloxanes and cyclic siloxanes are relatively volatile materials, having, for example, a boiling point of below about 300° C. at a pressure of 760 millimeters of mercury (“mm Hg”). [0023]
  • In a preferred embodiment, the cyclic siloxane component comprises one or more compounds of the structural formula (II): [0024]
    Figure US20010034912A1-20011101-C00002
  • wherein: R[0025] 5, R6, R7 and R8 are each independently a monovalent hydrocarbon group; and a and b are each integers wherein 0≦a≦10 and 0≦b≦10, provided that 3≦(a+b)≦10.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the cyclic siloxane comprises one or more of, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane, tetradecamethylcycloheptasiloxane. In a more highly preferred embodiment, the cyclic siloxane of the present invention comprises octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane or decamethylcyclopentasiloxane. In a highly preferred embodiment, the cyclic siloxane component of the composition of the present invention consists essentially of decamethylcyclopentasiloxane. [0026]
  • Suitable cyclic siloxanes are made by known methods, such as, for example, hydrolysis and condensation of dimethyldichlorosilane and are commercially available. [0027]
  • It is believed that those cleaning compositions according to the present invention that lack a cyclic siloxane component would be more stable than those which include a cyclic siloxane component, in that cyclic siloxanes are known to ring open and polymerize under acidic and basic conditions. [0028]
  • The surfactant component of the cleaning compositions of the present invention may comprise one or more surfactants, including anionic, nonionic, Zwitterionic and amphoteric surfactants, that contains a moiety, such as for example, a polyalkylsiloxane moiety, that is soluble in the volatile siloxane component of the cleaning composition of the present invention and a moiety capable of compatiblizing any of a range of targeted staining components. Suitable surfactants include, for example, alkylbenzene sulfonates, ethoxylated alkyl phenols, ethoxylated fatty alcohols, alkylester alkoxylates, alkyl sulfonates, quaternary ammonium complexes, block propyleneoxide, ethyleneoxide copolymers, sorbitan fatty esters, sorbitan ethoxylates, Tergitols, tridecylalcohol ethoxylates, alkanolamides, sodium lauryl sulfonate, sodium stearate, sodium laureth sulfate, ammonium lauryl ether sulfonate, and silicone surfactants, such as for example, quaternary alkyl ammonium siloxanes, carboxyalkyl siloxanes, and polyether siloxane surfactants. In a preferred embodiment, the surfactant exhibits an hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (“HLB”) of from 3 to 14, more preferably 5 to 11, as for example polyether siloxanes. Surfactants are generically known in the art and are available from a number of commercial sources. [0029]
  • In a preferred embodiment, the surfactant component of the present invention comprises one or more polyether siloxane compounds those according to the structural formula III: [0030]
  • MeDfD*gM*2-e  (III)
  • wherein: M is R[0031] 9 3SiO1/2; D is R10 2SiO2/2; M* is R11 3SiO1/2; D* is R12 2SiO2/2; each R9, R10 is independently H, a monovalent hydrocarbon group; each R11 is independently H, a monovalent hydrocarbon group, or —(CH2)—O—(CHO)—(CHO)(COO)—R13, provided that at least one R11 is —(CH2)h—O—(C2H4O)i—(C3H6O)j(CnO2nO)k—R13; each R12 is independently H, a monovalent hydrocarbon group, or —(CH2)h'O—(C2H4O)i—(C3H6O)j(CnO2nO)k—R13, provided that at least one R12 is —(CH2)h—O—(C2H4O)i—(C3H6O)j(CnO2nO)k—R13; R13 is H, a monovalent hydrocarbon group or alkyloxy; 0≦e≦2; 0≦f≦1000; 0≦g≦50, provided that g≧1 if e is 2; 1≦h≦16; 0≦i≦30; 0≦j≦30; 0≦k≦30; and 4≦n≦8, provided that i+j+k>0.
  • In a preferred embodiment, 2≦i≦25, 0≦j≦25 and 0≦k≦25, more preferably k is 0. [0032]
  • The composition of the present invention may, optionally, contain other components, such as, for example, fabric conditioners, brighteners, bleaching agents, enzymes, water-repellent treatments, anti-static agents, fragrances and detergents. [0033]
  • In a preferred embodiment, the cleaning composition of the present invention further comprises a minor amount, preferably , less than 50 pbw per 100 pbw of the composition, and, more preferably, less than 10 pbw per 100 pbw of the composition, of one or more non-siloxane fluids. Suitable non-siloxane fluids include aqueous fluids, such as, for example, water, and organic fluids, for example, hydrocarbon fluids and halogenated hydrocarbon fluids. [0034]
  • An article, such as for example, a textile or leather article, typically, a garment, is dry cleaned by contacting the article with the composition of the present invention. In a preferred embodiment, the articles to be cleaned include textiles made from natural fibers, such as for example, cotton, wool, linen and hemp, from synthetic fibers, such as, for example, polyester fibers, polyamide fibers, polypropylene fibers and elastomeric fibers, from blends of natural and synthetic fibers, from natural or synthetic leather or natural or synthetic fur. [0035]
  • In a first embodiment of the method of the present invention, a cleaning composition is applied to at least a localized area of the article to be cleaned by, for example, pouring, spraying, brushing or rubbing onto a stained area and then removed, for example, by blotting with a dry absorbent material, such as a sponge, cloth towel or paper towel. [0036]
  • In a second embodiment of the method of the present invention, the article to be cleaned is immersed in a cleaning composition. The article and cleaning composition are then separated, by, for example, one or more of draining and centrifugation. In a preferred embodiment, separation of the article and cleaning composition is followed by the application of heat, preferably, heating to a temperature of from 15° C. to 120° C., preferably from 20° C. to 100° C., or reduced pressure, preferably, a pressure of from 1 mm Hg to 750 mm Hg, or by application of heat and reduced pressure, to the article. [0037]
  • The cleaning method of the present invention removes particulate soils, such as for example, insoluble particles such as silicates, carbon black, as well as both polar stains, such as for example, salts, sugars, water soluble biological fluids, and nonpolar stains, such as, for example, hydrocarbons, oils, greases, sebum, from the garment and prevents the redeposition of the soils, polar stains and nonpolar stains on the article.[0038]
  • EXAMPLES 1-162
  • The respective cleaning compositions used in Examples 1-162 were each prepared by combining the components listed below in the relative amounts set forth below in TABLES I-XIV below: methyl terminated tetradimethyl siloxane (“MD[0039] 2M”); decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (“D5”); polyether siloxane compounds, each according to structural formula III above, were used:
    Ratio Number average molecular
    Polyether C2H4O: weight (MWn)
    siloxane e f g C3H6O of polyether substituent R13
    A 2  20 3  50:50 1700  H
    B 2  15 5 100:0 550 H
    C 0  3 0 100:0 900 H
    D 0  3 0 100:0 200 H
    E 2 500 6.5  50:50 1700  H
    F 2 400 18 100:0 550 H
  • A first set of textile samples (2″×2″ squares of red satin textile) were soiled with polar stains by pipetting droplets of an 8 wt % aqueous sodium chloride solution on each of the textile samples of the set. A second set of textile samples were soiled with nonpolar stains by pipetting droplets of fresh motor oil (Quaker State SAE 10W-30) on each of the textile samples of the set. Each of the dry cleaning compositions was then placed in a 4 ounce bottle. Each of the soiled textile samples was contacted with a respective one of the cleaning compositions by immersing the soiled textile sample in 50 g of one of the cleaning compositions. The textile samples and cleaning compositions were agitated by gently shaking each of the bottles. Following agitation, each of the textile samples was removed from the cleaning composition, allowed to drain, blotted and then heated at ˜50° C. to dry the samples. The appearance of each of the dried textile samples was then evaluated by visual inspection and rated on the following scale (an average of three readings is reported): [0040]
    Rating
    5 = complete removal of stain
    4 = slight stain remaining
    3 = moderate stain removal
    2 = slight stain removal
    1 = no stain removal
  • The amounts of linear, branched and cyclic siloxanes, polyether siloxane and water used in each of Examples 1-130, as well as the type of stain and the results obtained in each of those examples are set forth in TABLES I-IX below. [0041]
    TABLE I
    MD2M, Polyether H2O,
    Amount Polyether Siloxane, Amount
    EX # (g) Stain Siloxane Amount (g) (g) Cleaning
    1 49.5 Salt 2.7
    2 49.5 Salt A 0.5 4
    3 49 Salt A 0.5 0.5 4.3
    4 49.5 Salt F 0.5 3.7
    5 49 Salt F 0.5 0.5 3.7
    6 49.5 Salt B 0.5 4
    7 49 Salt B 0.5 0.5 4
    8 49.5 Salt C 0.5 3.3
    9 49 Salt C 0.5 0.5 4
    10 49.5 Salt D 0.5 5
    11 49 Salt D 0.5 0.5 4
    12 49.5 Salt E 0.5 3.3
    13 49 Salt E 0.5 0.5 4.3
    14 49.5 Salt B/E 0.25/0.25 4
    15 49 Salt B/E 0.25/0.25 0.5 4.7
  • [0042]
    TABLE II
    MD2M, Polyether H2O,
    Amount Polyether Siloxane, Amount
    EX # (g) Stain Siloxane Amount (g) (g) Cleaning
    16 47.5 Salt 2.7
    17 47.5 Salt A 2.5 4
    18 47 Salt A 2,5 0.5 5
    19 47.5 Salt F 2.5 4
    20 47 Salt F 2.5 0.5 4.7
    21 47.5 Salt B 2.5 4.7
    22 47 Salt B 2.5 0.5 4.7
    23 47.5 Salt C 2.5 3.7
    24 47 Salt C 2.5 0.5 5
    25 47.5 Salt D 2.5 4.3
    26 47 Salt D 2.5 0.5 5
    27 47.5 Salt E 2.5 4
    28 47 Salt E 2.5 0.5 4.3
    29 47.5 Salt B/E 1.25/1.25 4.7
    30 47 Salt B/E 1.25/1.25 0.5 3.7
  • [0043]
    TABLE III
    MD2M, Polyether H2O,
    Amount Polyether Siloxane, Amount
    EX # (g) Stain Siloxane Amount (g) (g) Cleaning
    31 49.5 Oil 5
    32 49.5 Oil A 0.5 5
    33 49 Oil A 0.5 0.5 4.3
    34 49.5 Oil F 0.5 4.3
    35 49 Oil F 0.5 0.5 4.3
    36 49.5 Oil B 0.5 4.3
    37 49 Oil B 0.5 0.5 4.3
    38 49.5 Oil C 0.5 5
    39 49 Oil C 0.5 0.5 5
    40 49.5 Oil D 0.5 5
    41 49 Oil D 0.5 0.5 5
    42 49.5 Oil E 0.5 5
    43 49 Oil E 0.5 0.5 4.7
    44 49.5 Oil B/E 0.25/0.25 4.7
    45 49 Oil B/E 0.25/0.25 0.5 4.7
  • [0044]
    TABLE IV
    MD2M, Polyether H2O,
    Amount Polyether Siloxane, Amount
    EX # (g) Stain Siloxane Amount (g) (g) Cleaning
    46 47.5 Oil 5
    47 47.5 Oil A 2.5 4.3
    48 47 Oil A 2.5 0.5 5
    49 47.5 Oil F 2.5 4.7
    50 47 Oil F 2.5 0.5 4.3
    51 47.5 Oil B 2.5 5
    52 47 Oil B 2.5 0.5 4.3
    53 47.5 Oil C 2.5 5
    54 47 Oil C 2.5 0.5 4
    55 47.5 Oil D 2.5 5
    56 47 Oil D 2.5 0.5 5
    57 47.5 Oil E 2.5 5
    58 47 Oil E 2.5 0.5 5
    59 47.5 Oil B/E 1.25/1.25 4.7
    60 47 Oil B/E 1.25/1.25 0.5 4.3
  • [0045]
    TABLE V
    D5/MD2M, Polyether H2O,
    Amount Polyether Siloxane, Amount Clean-
    EX # (g) Stain Siloxane Amount (g) (g) ing
    61 24.75/24.75 Salt 3
    62 24.75/24.75 Salt A 0.5 4.3
    63 24.5/24.5 Salt A 0.5 0.5 4
    64 24.75/24.75 Salt F 0.5 4
    65 24.5/24.5 Salt F 0.5 0.5 5
    66 24.75/24.75 Salt B 0.5 4.3
    67 24.5/24.5 Salt B 0.5 0.5 5
    68 24.75/24.75 Salt C 0.5 3.3
    69 24.5/24.5 Salt C 0.5 0.5 4
    70 24.75/24.75 Salt D 0.5 4.3
    71 24.5/24.5 Salt D 0.5 0.5 5
    72 24.75/24.75 Salt E 0.5 4
    73 24.5/24.5 Salt E 0.5 0.5 4.7
    74 24.75/24.75 Salt B/E 0.25/0.25 3.3
    75 24.5/24.5 Salt B/E 0.25/0.25 0.5 4
  • [0046]
    TABLE VI
    D5/MD2M, Polyether H2O,
    Amount Polyether Siloxane, Amount Clean-
    EX # (g) Stain Siloxane Amount (g) (g) ing
    76 24.75/24.75 Salt 2.7
    77 23.75/23.75 Salt A 2.5 4.3
    78 23.5/23.5 Salt A 2.5 0.5 5
    79 23.75/23.75 Salt F 2.5 4
    80 23.5/23.5 Salt F 2.5 0.5 4.7
    81 23.75/23.75 Salt B 2.5 4.7
    82 23.5/23.5 Salt B 2.5 0.5 4.7
    83 23.75/23.75 Salt C 2.5 3.3
    84 23.5/23.5 Salt C 2.5 0.5 5
    85 23.75/23.75 Salt D 2.5 4.7
    86 23.5/23.5 Salt D 2.5 0.5 5
    87 23.75/23.75 Salt E 2.5 4
    88 23.5/23.5 Salt E 2.5 0.5 4
    89 23.75/23.75 Salt B/E 1.25/1.25 4.7
    90 23.5/23.5 Salt B/E 1.25/1.25 0.5 3.7
  • [0047]
    TABLE VII
    D5/MD2M, Polyether H2O,
    Amount Polyether Siloxane, Amount Clean-
    EX # (g) Stain Siloxane Amount (g) (g) ing
    91 24.75/24.75 Oil 3
    92 24.75/24.75 Oil A 0.5 4.7
    93 24.5/24.5 Oil A 0.5 0.5 4.7
    94 24.75/24.75 Oil F 0.5 4.3
    95 24.5/24.5 Oil F 0.5 0.5 4.7
    96 24.75/24.75 Oil B 0.5 4.3
    97 24.5/24.5 Oil B 0.5 0.5 4.7
    98 24.75/24.75 Oil C 0.5 4.7
    99 24.5/24.5 Oil C 0.5 0.5 4
    100 24.75/24.75 Oil D 0.5 5
    101 24.5/24.5 Oil D 0.5 0.5 5
    102 24.75/24.75 Oil E 0.5 5
    103 24.5/24.5 Oil E 0.5 0.5 4.7
    104 24.75/24.75 Oil B/E 0.25/0.25 4.3
    105 24.5/24.5 Oil B/E 0.25/0.25 0.5 4.3
  • [0048]
    TABLE VIII
    D5/MD2M, Polyether H2O,
    Amount Polyether Siloxane, Amount Clean-
    EX # (g) Stain Siloxane Amount (g) (g) ing
    106 24.75/24.75 Oil 5
    107 23.75/23.75 Oil A 2.5 4.7
    108 23.5/23.5 Oil A 2.5 0.5 5
    109 23.75/23.75 Oil F 2.5 4.7
    110 23.5/23.5 Oil F 2.5 0.5 4.7
    111 23.75/23.75 Oil B 2.5 5
    112 23.5/23.5 Oil B 2.5 0.5 4.3
    113 23.75/23.75 Oil C 2.5 5
    114 23.5/23.5 Oil C 2.5 0.5 5
    115 23.75/23.75 Oil D 2.5 5
    116 23.5/23.5 Oil D 2.5 0.5 5
    117 23.75/23.75 Oil E 2.5 5
    118 23.5/23.5 Oil E 2.5 0.5 5
    119 23.75/23.75 Oil B/E 1.25/1.25 4.7
    120 23.5/23.5 Oil B/E 1.25/1.25 0.5 4.3
  • [0049]
    TABLE IX
    Polyether
    Siloxane, H2O,
    D5/MD2M, Polyether Amount Amount
    EX # Amount (g) Stain Siloxane (g) (g) Cleaning
    121  4.95/44.55 Salt E 0.5 2.7
    122 4.9/44.1 Salt E 0.5 0.5 5
    123 12.37/37.13 Salt E 0.5 3
    124 12.25/36.75 Salt E 0.5 0.5 4.7
    125 24.75/24.75 Salt E 0.5 3.5
    126 24.5/24.5 Salt E 0.5 0.5 4.5
    127 37.13/12.37 Salt E 0.5 3
    128 36.75/12.25 Salt E 0.5 0.5 5
    129 44.55/4.95  Salt E 0.5 2.7
    130 44.10/4.9  Salt E 0.5 0.5 4.7
  • Examples 131-162 were conducted using 2″×2″ blue 60/40 cotton polyester textile swatches. The salt concentration in the salt solution used to stain the swatches was either 20%, 8% or 7% by weight, as noted in the TABLES X-XIV below. The testing was conducted in the same manner as and the results ranked on the same scale as in Examples 1-130 above. The amounts of linear or cyclic siloxane, polyether siloxane and water used in each of Examples 131-162, as well as the type of stain and the results obtained in each of those examples are set forth in TABLES X-XIV below. [0050]
    TABLE X
    Polyether
    Siloxane, H2O,
    MD2M, Polyether Amount Amount
    EX # Amount (g) Stain Siloxane (g) (g) Cleaning
    131 49.5 Salt 3
    132 49.5 Salt E 0.5 2.7
    133 49 Salt E 0.5 0.5 3
    134 49.5 Salt C 0.5 4
    135 49 Salt C 0.5 0.5 4.3
    136 49 Oil 5
    137 49.5 Oil E 0.5 5
    138 49 Oil E 0.5 0.5 5
    139 49.5 Oil C 0.5 5
    140 49 Oil C 0.5 0.5 5
    141 49 Salt E 0.5 1.5 4.7
  • [0051]
    TABLE XI
    Polyether
    Siloxane, H2O,
    MD2M, Polyether Amount Amount
    EX # Amount (g) Stain Siloxane (g) (g) Cleaning
    142 49.5 Salt 3
    143 49.5 Salt E 0.5 3
    144 49 Salt E 0.5 0.5 5
    145 49.5 Salt C 0.5 4.3
    146 49 Salt C 0.5 0.5 4
  • [0052]
    TABLE XII
    Polyether
    Siloxane, H2O,
    D5/MD2M, Polyether Amount Amount
    EX # Amount (g) Stain Siloxane (g) (g) Cleaning
    147 24.75/24.75 Salt 3.3
    148 24.75/24.75 Salt E 0.5 3.3
    149 24.5/24.5 Salt E 0.5 0.5 3
    150 24.75/24.75 Salt C 0.5 4
    151 24.5/24.5 Salt C 0.5 0.5 4.7
    152 24.75/24.75 Oil 5
    153 24.75/24.75 Oil E 0.5 5
    154 24.5/24.5 Oil E 0.5 0.5 5
    155 24.75/24.75 Oil C 0.5 5
    156 24.5/24.5 Oil C 0.5 0.5 5
    157 24.75/24.75 Salt E 0.5 1.5 3.3
  • [0053]
    TABLE XIII
    Polyether
    Siloxane, H2O,
    MD2M, Polyether Amount Amount
    EX # Amount (g) Stain Siloxane (g) (g) Cleaning
    158 24.75/24.75 Salt 3.3
    159 24.75/24.75 Salt E 0.5 2
    160 24.5/24.5 Salt E 0.5 0.5 4.7
    151 24.75/24.75 Salt C 0.5 3
    152 24.5/24.5 Salt C 0.5 0.5 2
  • [0054]
    TABLE XIV
    Polyether
    Siloxane, H2O,
    D5/MD2M, Polyether Amount Amount
    EX # Amount (g) Stain Siloxane (g) (g) Cleaning
    153  4.95/44.55 Salt E 0.5 2.7
    154  4.9/44.1 Salt E 0.5 0.5 3.7
    155 12.37/37.13 Salt E 0.5 3.3
    156 12.25/36.75 Salt E 0.5 0.5 4.3
    157 24.75/24.75 Salt E 0.5 4
    158 24.5/24.5 Salt E 0.5 0.5 4.3
    159 37.13/12.37 Salt E 0.5 3.7
    160 36.75/12.25 Salt E 0.5 0.5 3.7
    161 44.55/4.95  Salt E 0.5 3.3
    162 44.10/4.9  Salt E 0.5 0.5 4

Claims (37)

1. A method for cleaning an article, comprising contacting the article with a cleaning composition comprising, based upon 100 pbw of the cleaning composition, 80 pbw to 99.99 pbw of a linear or branched volatile siloxane.
2. The method of
claim 1
, wherein the article is contacted with the cleaning composition by applying the cleaning composition to at least a localized area of the article.
3. The method of
claim 2
, wherein the cleaning composition is removed from the article by blotting.
4. The method of
claim 1
, wherein the article is contacted with the cleaning composition by immersing the article in the cleaning composition.
5. The method of
claim 4
, wherein, subsequent to contacting the article with the cleaning composition, the cleaning composition is separated from the article by one or more of draining and centrifugation.
6. The method of
claim 5
, wherein, subsequent to separation of cleaning composition from the article, the article is heated to a temperature of from 15° C. to 120° C.
7. The method of
claim 5
, wherein, subsequent to separation of cleaning composition from the article, the article is subjected to reduced pressure.
8. The method of
claim 5
, wherein, subsequent to separation of cleaning composition from the article, the article is heated to a temperature of from 15° C. to 120° C. and subjected to reduced pressure.
9. The method of
claim 1
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises a surfactant.
10. The method of
claim 9
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises 0.01 pbw to 20 pbw of the surfactant.
11. The method of
claim 10
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises 0.1 pbw to 10 pbw of the surfactant.
12. The method of
claim 11
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises 0.5 pbw to 8 pbw of the surfactant.
13. The method of
claim 1
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises a cyclic siloxane.
14. The method of
claim 1
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises a cyclic siloxane and a surfactant.
15. The method of
claim 1
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises 90 pbw to 99.9 pbw of the linear or branched volatile siloxane.
16. The method of
claim 15
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises 92 pbw to 99.5 pbw of the linear or branched volatile siloxane.
17. The method of
claim 1
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises 0.01 pbw to 10 pbw of water.
18. A method for cleaning an article, comprising contacting the article with a cleaning composition comprising, based upon 100 pbw of the cleaning composition, 50.1 pbw to 99 pbw of a linear or branched volatile siloxane and a cyclic siloxane.
19. The method of
claim 18
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises 1 pbw to 49.99 pbw of the cyclic siloxane.
20. The method of
claim 19
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises a surfactant and 1 pbw to 20 pbw of the cyclic siloxane.
21. The method of
claim 20
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises 80 pbw to 99 pbw of the linear or branched volatile siloxane.
22. The method of
claim 18
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises 0.01 pbw to 10 pbw of water.
23. The method of
claim 22
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises 0.1 pbw to 5 pbw of water.
24. The method of
claim 23
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises 0.5 pbw to 2 pbw of water.
25. The method of
claim 18
, wherein the cleaning composition further comprises a surfactant.
26. The method of
claim 18
, wherein the article is contacted with the cleaning composition by applying the cleaning composition to at least a localized area of the article.
27. The method of
claim 26
, wherein the cleaning composition is removed from the article by blotting.
28. The method of
claim 18
, wherein the article is contacted with the cleaning composition by immersing the article in the cleaning composition.
29. The method of
claim 28
, wherein, subsequent to contacting the article with the cleaning composition, the cleaning composition is separated from the article by one or more of draining and centrifugation.
30. The method of
claim 29
, wherein, subsequent to separation of cleaning composition from the article, the article is heated to a temperature of from 15° C. to 120° C.
31. The method of
claim 29
, wherein, subsequent to separation of cleaning composition from the article, the article is subjected to reduced pressure.
32. The method of
claim 29
, wherein, subsequent to separation of cleaning composition from the article, the article is heated to a temperature of from 15° C. to 120° C. and subjected to reduced pressure.
33. A cleaning composition, comprising a linear or branched volatile siloxane and a surfactant.
34. The cleaning composition of
claim 33
, wherein the linear or branched volatile siloxane comprises one or more compounds of the structural formula:
M2+y+2zDxTyQz
wherein:
M is R1 3SiO1/2;
D is R2 2SiO2/2;
T is R3SiO3/2;
and Q is SiO3/2 4/2;
R1, R2 and R3 are each independently a monovalent hydrocarbon radical; and
x and y are each integers, wherein 0≦x≦10 and 0≦y≦10 and 0≦z≦10.
35. The composition of
claim 32
, wherein the surfactant exhibits an HLB value of from 3 to 14.
36. A cleaning composition, comprising a linear or branched volatile siloxane and a cyclic siloxane.
37. The cleaning composition of
claim 36
, wherein the cyclic siloxane comprises one or more compounds of the structural formula:
Figure US20010034912A1-20011101-C00003
wherein: R5, R6, R7 and R8 are each independently a monovalent hydrocarbon group; anda and b are each integers wherein 0≦a≦10 and 0≦b≦10, provided that 3≦(a+b)≦10.
US09/681,904 1999-04-09 2001-06-22 Cleaning processes and compositions Abandoned US20010034912A1 (en)

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US6310029B1 (en) 2001-10-30

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