US198713A - Improvement in padlocks - Google Patents

Improvement in padlocks Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US198713A
US198713A US198713DA US198713A US 198713 A US198713 A US 198713A US 198713D A US198713D A US 198713DA US 198713 A US198713 A US 198713A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
tumbler
shackle
bolt
key
heel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US198713A publication Critical patent/US198713A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B67/00Padlocks; Details thereof
    • E05B67/06Shackles; Arrangement of the shackle
    • E05B67/08Padlocks with shackles hinged on the case
    • E05B67/14Padlocks with shackles hinged on the case with devices for securing the hinged end of the shackle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/40Portable
    • Y10T70/413Padlocks
    • Y10T70/437Key-controlled
    • Y10T70/446Rigid shackle
    • Y10T70/465Pivoted
    • Y10T70/467Sliding detent

Definitions

  • the object of this invention is to so construct padlocks that in the act of unlocking the shackle the key shall be caught in the look, so that it cannot be withdrawn until the shackle has been again locked by the bolt or bolts.
  • my invention consists in incorporating in the look a tumbler, which, on liberating and retracting the bolt, catches the bit of the key, and is combined with a dogging means, which maintains it in the position for retaining the key from the moment that the shackle is released until said shackle is again caught by the bolt.
  • Figure 1 is a perspective view of this look, minus the face-plate, showing the shackle unlocked and the key caught.
  • Fig. 2 is a front elevation, showing the position of the parts When the shackle is locked.
  • Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the bolt, seen from the face side.
  • Fig. 4 is a perspective View of the tumbler, seen from the rear side.
  • the shackle B is pivoted at b to the case A, so that its free beveled or rounded end can enter a cavity, A, of the case through an
  • the inner wall of this cavity has also an opening, through which the tongue 0, of the bolt 0 is projected to enter the recess 1) in the free end of the shackle.
  • the bolt O sliding on a fixed pin, 0, and suitably guided, is projected by a spring, D, and
  • the end of its tongue is beveled, so that the shackle can force it back until its recess arrives opposite to the tongue, when the bolt is immediately thrown forward again by its spring, causing its tongue to engage the shackle.
  • the tumbler E is pivoted upon the fixed pin 0 It has'a short arm, E, on which one end of a spring, F,acts to throw the tumbler proper down onto a projection, on, of the case, so as to arrange its dogging-bare directly be. hind the projection '0? on the boltG, to prevent the retraction thereof.
  • the rear side of the tumbler is recessed directly below the dogging-bar e, as shown in Fig. 3.
  • the bit of the key G in unlocking, first lifts 4 the tumbler a little beyond what is necessary to liberate the bolt by acting on the back of the hook 0 thereof, on passing which the tumbler falls a little, so as to place this hook e behind the bit, to prevent the key from being turned back.
  • the bit of the key is now between the hook e and a shoulder on the bolt. Turning it further retracts the bolt, causing springFto throwup thefree end of the shackle, and placing the heel B thereof over the arm E of the tumbler.
  • key-locking tumbler may be a tumbler additional to the ordinary bolt-dogging tumbler, and that other means than those shown and described for automatically holding the key-locking tumbler in the locking position from the moment of unlocking to the moment of locking the shackle may be used without departing from the principle which constitutes the basis of my invention.

Description

J. J TURNER. fPadlooks.
No. 198,713. 4 Patented Dec. 25, 1877.
N.PETERS. PNOTD-LITHOGRAFHER WASHlNGTON D C opening in the top plate.
UNITED STATESPATEN'I" OFFIGE.
JAMES J. TURNER, OF RICHMOND, INDIANA, ASSIGNOB on ONE-HALF HIS I RIGHT TO JOHNF. MILLER, or SAME PLACE. V
IMPROVEMENT. mPAoLocKs.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No 198,?13, dated December 25, i877 application filed October 13, 1877.
To all whom it may concern.- i
Be; it known that I, JAMEs J TURNER, of Richmond, in the county of Wayne and State of Indiana, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Padlocks, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description:
The object of this invention is to so construct padlocks that in the act of unlocking the shackle the key shall be caught in the look, so that it cannot be withdrawn until the shackle has been again locked by the bolt or bolts.
To this end my invention consists in incorporating in the look a tumbler, which, on liberating and retracting the bolt, catches the bit of the key, and is combined with a dogging means, which maintains it in the position for retaining the key from the moment that the shackle is released until said shackle is again caught by the bolt.
In the annexed drawings I have illustrated apadlock with a single bolt and single tumbler, embodying my invention in the best form so far devised by me in its application to such alock. It should be understood, however, that this construction may be greatly va-' ried without ceasing to embody my invention.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of this look, minus the face-plate, showing the shackle unlocked and the key caught. Fig. 2 is a front elevation, showing the position of the parts When the shackle is locked. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the bolt, seen from the face side. Fig. 4 is a perspective View of the tumbler, seen from the rear side.
The same letters of reference indicate like parts in all the figures.
The shackle B is pivoted at b to the case A, so that its free beveled or rounded end can enter a cavity, A, of the case through an The inner wall of this cavity has also an opening, through which the tongue 0, of the bolt 0 is projected to enter the recess 1) in the free end of the shackle. The bolt O, sliding on a fixed pin, 0, and suitably guided, is projected by a spring, D, and
. the end of its tongue is beveled, so that the shackle can force it back until its recess arrives opposite to the tongue, when the bolt is immediately thrown forward again by its spring, causing its tongue to engage the shackle.
The tumbler E is pivoted upon the fixed pin 0 It has'a short arm, E, on which one end of a spring, F,acts to throw the tumbler proper down onto a projection, on, of the case, so as to arrange its dogging-bare directly be. hind the projection '0? on the boltG, to prevent the retraction thereof. To provide for "the play of this projection in moving thebolt after it has been liberated from the tumbler bylifting the latter, the rear side of the tumbler is recessed directly below the dogging-bar e, as shown in Fig. 3. On its lower edge the tumbler has a tooth or hook, e, and the arm E thereof has a hook, 6 An inwardly-projecting heel, B, is also formed on the shackle, with reference to which heel the tumbler is so formed and hung that, in the locked position of the shackle, its heel just clears the end of the short arm E of the tumbler. On lifting the tumbler the upper edge of its short arm E just clears the lower edge of the heel of the shackle, and in unlocking the latter its heel moves over upon the top edge of this short arm and maintains the tumbler in the lifted'position. The shackle is thrown up by one end of spring F acting on the heel B.
The bit of the key G, in unlocking, first lifts 4 the tumbler a little beyond what is necessary to liberate the bolt by acting on the back of the hook 0 thereof, on passing which the tumbler falls a little, so as to place this hook e behind the bit, to prevent the key from being turned back. The bit of the key is now between the hook e and a shoulder on the bolt. Turning it further retracts the bolt, causing springFto throwup thefree end of the shackle, and placing the heel B thereof over the arm E of the tumbler.
The elevation of the tumbler places its hook 6 also across the path of the bit of the key, as shown in Fig. 1, barring its progress in this direction to the key-hole, whose position in the face-plate of the lock is indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 2. The key is thus caught in the lock, and cannot be extracted therefrom until the shackle has been again locked by the bolt, when the tumbler, being released from the dogging-heel of the shackle, is thrown to its normal position by the spring F, removing its 00k e from out of the path of the bit of the In case the recess 1) of the shackle becomes clogged up, so that the tongue of the bolt cannot enter it, or the bolt fails from any other cause to lock the shackle after the free end of the latter has entered the cavity A, the projection c on the bolt will remain under the dogging-bar e of the tumbler, and act in place of the heel of the shackle to retain the tum bler in its elevated position, so as to retain the key. Thus it will be observed that the bolt must actually have locked the shackle before the tumbler releases the key.
It is obvious that the key-locking tumbler may be a tumbler additional to the ordinary bolt-dogging tumbler, and that other means than those shown and described for automatically holding the key-locking tumbler in the locking position from the moment of unlocking to the moment of locking the shackle may be used without departing from the principle which constitutes the basis of my invention.
While the lock described is adapted for general use, and is of special value in various connections, it was more especially designed for use on railroad switches. It will be a check on the switch-tender, who will be obliged to fully lock the lock before he can withdraw the key, thus insuring the safety of the switch against misplacement by jars or by evil-disposed persons.
I do not claim, broadly, the combination of a reciprocating spring-bolt, a rocking tumbler,
and a projection on the shackle.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a padlock, the combination, substantially as specified, of a tumbler, which, in opening the lock, catches and confines the key, and
a means which automatically dogs said tumbler in the position for retaining the key until the shackle is again locked.
2. In a padlock, the combination, substantially as specified, of the key-confining tumbler and the shackle, provided with a heel for dogging the said tumbler on and during the release of said shackle.
3. In a padlock, the combination, substantially as specified, of the key-confin'ng tumbler, provided with v a dogging-bar, e, the bolt having a projection, 0 and the shackle constructed with a dogging-heel, B.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to the foregoing specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
J. B. MORRIS, DAVID E. HILL.
US198713D Improvement in padlocks Expired - Lifetime US198713A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US198713A true US198713A (en) 1877-12-25

Family

ID=2268120

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US198713D Expired - Lifetime US198713A (en) Improvement in padlocks

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US198713A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070231387A1 (en) * 2006-04-04 2007-10-04 Luigi Levi Film-coated solid dosage forms
US20080168479A1 (en) * 2007-01-05 2008-07-10 Thomas Joseph Purtell Bypass Virtualization

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070231387A1 (en) * 2006-04-04 2007-10-04 Luigi Levi Film-coated solid dosage forms
US20080168479A1 (en) * 2007-01-05 2008-07-10 Thomas Joseph Purtell Bypass Virtualization

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US198713A (en) Improvement in padlocks
US293693A (en) Hasp-lock
US1246472A (en) Padlock.
US371796A (en) Padlock
US313098A (en) Benjamin moseb
US266863A (en) Latch and lock combined
US278229A (en) Frederick egge
US184680A (en) Improvement in door-locks
US303498A (en) Bernard demming
US555728A (en) James murphy
US275970A (en) Padlook
US562515A (en) -enures
US154410A (en) Improvement in key-hole guards
US430764A (en) Electric lock
US327799A (en) Joseph keejci
US1127213A (en) Padlock.
US668207A (en) Hasp-lock.
US431620A (en) William w
US821283A (en) Lock.
US1017709A (en) Hasp-fastener.
US390158A (en) dawes
US197911A (en) Improvement in padlocks
US601085A (en) Frank soley
US143831A (en) Improvement in seal-locks
US67116A (en) Improvement in compound look foe dooes