US1977771A - Pulverizer - Google Patents

Pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
US1977771A
US1977771A US638022A US63802232A US1977771A US 1977771 A US1977771 A US 1977771A US 638022 A US638022 A US 638022A US 63802232 A US63802232 A US 63802232A US 1977771 A US1977771 A US 1977771A
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Prior art keywords
screen
hammers
shaft
casing
material
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Expired - Lifetime
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US638022A
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Mcmahan Stanley
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Mcmahan Stanley
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/14Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices

Description

Oct. 23, 1934. s. MCMAHAN 1,977,771

PULVERI Z ER Filed Ot. 15. 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet l 30 42 41 fEuLg'J" 4o f 59 43 45 37M 52 Mor/wup.

s. MCMAHAN oct. 23, 1934.

PULVERI Z ER Filed Oct. 15 11932` 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 amm Q11 9.

Patented ct.- 23, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT oFFlcE rULvERIzER Stanley McMahan, Sevierville, Tenn. Application october 15, '1932, serian No. 638,022

4 claims. (orcs-11) The device forming the subjectl matter of this application is a hammer mill, adapted to be used for the grinding of hay, grain, corn on the ear, coal and similar substances, the machine being of use, in some forms, for grinding stone. The machine operates on the well known principle of rapidly moving steel hammers, which pass in close relation to a steel screen, there being, in the screen, numerous holes of a size suitable to the material to be ground. The material to be ground is inserted between the rapidly moving hammers, on the one hand, and the screen on the other hand.

One object of the invention is to provide a device of the class described, in which the shaft that carries the hammers is vertical, the hammers acting, in a horizontal direction, upon a screen, the axis of which is vertically disposed. By arranging the shaft vertically, and by having the hammers operate as described, the hammers can cooperate with the screen, around the entire circumference of the screen, whereas, when the shaft is disposed horizontally, the hammers working vertically, it is practicable to extend the screen no more than approximately half way around the rotor which carries the hammers. By arranging the shaft and the hammers as speci= ned, a nely balanced grinding action is produced, less power is required to operate the machine, and the output per horse power unit will be increased.

Another object of the invention is to provide the screen, which is made in sections, with bars 35 or ribs which project inwardly beyond the screen and form anvils, against which the hammers pulverize the material. y

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel suction mechanism, preferably afan, o which is an integral part of the machine, the auction mechanism operating on the outside of the screen to remove the pulverized terial, and to deliver the pulverized material to the place where the material is ejected from the machine.

A further object of the invention is to provide novel means interposed between the screen and the fan, to regulate the suction produced by the fan, as well as the pressure created by the fan for the ejection of the pulverized material, it being possible to regulate the suction and the pres sure from zero to full suction and full pressure, the capacity of the machine being regulated accordingly, and power being save lt is within the province of the disclosure to improve generally and to enhance the utility of devices of that type to which the invention appertains.

With the above and other objects in view, which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed, without de- @d parting from the spirit of 'the invention.

ln the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 shows in vertical longitudinal' section, a device constructed in accordance with the invention, parts being in elevation;

Fig. 2 is a section onthe line 2-2 of Fig. l;

Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. l;

Fig. 4 is a plan of the suction and pressure regulator, parts being broken away.

The device forming the subject matter of this application preferably is made of metal through-s out. It comprises a tubular, vertical casing l, including a lower member 2 and an upper member 3, having cooperating anges 4l, held together,

to unite the members 2 and 3 of the casing, by securing elements 5. The machine may be supported conveniently on legs o, connected to the lower member 2, and joined to a base 7, which, in its turn, is secured by anchors Sto a foundation 9. rlhe lower member 2 or the casing l may be made in various ways, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

The base 7 carries an anti-friction journaling and thrust bearing lo, which can be lubricated by any appropriate means, indicated at ll. Across the lower member 2 extends a partition l2, and the lower member 2 has a top la, provided with an annular seat l5, in which is placed, for rotary adjustment, a disk-like suction and pressure regulator 16, which is shown in Fig. fi. The regulator 16 has a central opening i7, and is provided with draft openings le, arranged around the central. opening 17.

The upper member 3 of the casing l has a bot-a tom 19, disposed above the regulator 16, and holding the regulator in place for rotary adjustment. It can be seen in Fig. 3 that the bottom 19 of the upper member 3 has openings 20, corre sponding to the openings 18 of the regulator i6, M it being possible to adjust the regulator circumferentially, so that its openings will register more or less with the openings of the bottom 19. The bottom i9 carries a hollow hub/21, the lower por-1 tion of which is received in the opening 17 of No the regulator 16, so as to aid in journaling the regulator for rotary adjustment.

The partition 12, on the one hand, and the top 14, together with the regulator 16, on the other hand, cooperate to form a receiving and suction chamber 22, having a lateral outlet 23, located near to the periphery of the lower member 2.

Radial partitions 24 are connected to the hollow hub 21 to the bottom 19 of the upper member 3, and to the outer wall of the upper member 3. On the inner edges of the partitions 24, there are transversely enlarged heads 25,` as shown in Fig.

these heads being provided on their inner surfaces with grooves 28, in which inwardly projecting ribs 26, of any suitable metal, are removably secured, at 26a. There may be any desired number of the 'ribs 26 and they are square in cross section, so that they may be reversed to present new, sharp edges to the material to be ground. Screen sections 27 extend between the ribs 26 andare supported on the heads 25. The screen sections 27 form the frustum of an inverted cone, as Figs. 1 and 2 will indicate. The bottom of the screen is markedby the numeral 29, and is supported, as shown at 30 in Fig. l, on the partitions 24. It will be understood that the screen 27-29 may be constructed in various ways, as to mechanical details, without departing from the spirit of the invention. The bottom 29 of the screen has a bearing 31, seated in a hollow cap 32, the cap in its turn, being seated, and removably secured at 32a, in the hollow hub 21, and forming part of an anti-friction bearing 34.

There isan annular seat 35 in the top of the ,upper member 3 of the casing 1, and in this seat,

a closure plate 36 is detachably secured, in any desired way, the closure plate having a handle 37. The closure plate carries a hopper' 38, discharging into thepulverizing chamber 39 that v,exists within the screen 27-29. An anti-friction bearing 40 is carried by the closure plate 36 and is covered by a removable cap 41 having lubricating means 42.

A vertical shaft 43 is journaled'for rotation in the bearings 10, 34 and 40, and extends .through the partition 12. Any suitable means may be supplied for imparting rotation to the shaft 43. It is suggested that a pulley 44, shown in'Fig. 1, be

suction and blower fa'n 45 is secured to theshaft 43 and is disposed in the chamber 22. A rotor 46 is secured to the shaft 43 and is located in the pulverizing chamber 39. Horizontally swinging .hammers 47 are pivoted at 48, at their inner ends, to the peripheral portion of the rotor 46, and the outer ends of the hammers move close enough to the ribs 26 to engage and pulverize the material,

when the shaft 43 is rotated to carry the hammers 47 around in an orbit.

Although the fan wheel 45 is the preferred construction, some installations require the sacriflcing -of the advantages of the fan wheel in the interest of expediency. Under such circumstances, the fan wheel is omitted, and a separate exhaust mechanism (not shown) is connected to the outlet 23, the change being of so well-known a construction that the drawings have not been encumbered by a showing of it. l

In practical operation, the shaft 43 is rotated by the pulley 44 or its equivalent. The fan 45 creates suction in the upper member 3 of the casing 1, on the outside of the screen 27-29, to aid in removing the pulverized material. The material is drawn downwardly by suction, through the openings 20 of the bottom 19, and the openings 18 of the regulator 16, the effective size of the openings 18 being changed as occasion may require, by adjusting the regulator 16 circumferentially. This adjustment also regulates the blast produced at the outlet 23, through which the pulverized material leaves the machine. The partitions 24 have the effect of aiding in producing a marked vertical draft.

The material to be pulverized is introduced into the chamber 39 through the hopper 38, and the swinging hammers 47 catch the material against the ribs 26 and bring about the pulverizing, the pulverized material passing through the screen 27-29, which regulates the size of the material.

Considered as a whole, the machine will be found thoroughly effective to carry out the objects stated in the opening portion of this specification.

'Themachine is adapted to be used, among other purposes, for pulveringing coal or other fuel, and feeding thepulverized material directly into a furnace, for burning. By using screens 27-29 having holes of properdimensions, the size of the fuel can be regulated positively, and all of the fuel can be' ground to a uniform degr'ee of fineness, which can be varied positively to suit the use for which the pulverized fuel is intended. 1

The power consumption, per unit of material ground is greatly reduced, because of the vertical construction shown in the drawingsand hereinbefore described. The ease with which ground fuel can escape, under both gravity and suction, and the reduction of unbalanced friction and friction of stock, aswell as all other sorts of friction, make the machine peculiarly efficient.

The quantity of air passing through the machine can be positively governed, thereby making the proper relation of air to fuel or other material ground, absolutely correct at all times. '1111s proportion must be maintained absolutely correct, for the most economical burning of any fuel. The machine is a grinder or pulverizer in which both the flneness of the material.. after being pulverized, and the proportion of fuel to air, can be regulated positively. 120

Referring to Fig. 1, the device, broadly considered, comprises a casing 1, a foraminous receptacle 27-29 for the material to be pulverized,

located within the casing 1, there being a space etween the casing and the receptacle, about the 125 receptacle, a vertical shaft 43 journaled in the casing, horizontal hammers 47 in the receptacle 27-29, means 48 for pivotally connecting the hammers with the shaft 43, and means 44 for rotating the shaft to cause the hammers to move in an orbit, entirely around the receptacle.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is:

1. A pulverlzer of the class described comprising a casing, radial partitions in the casing and provided on their inner edges with transversely enlarged heads having grooves, ribs seated in the grooves and provided with cutting edges, the ribs being reversible in the grooves to present new cutting edges, screen sections extended between the ribs and supported on the heads, a shaft journaled in the casing, and hammers carried by the shaft and cooperating with the ribs and the screen sections.

2. A pulverizer vof the class described, compris- 145 ing a casing having a bottom provided with a hub, there being an outlet opening in the bottom, radial partitions joined to the wall of the casing and to the hub and provided in their inner edges with grooves, ribs seated in the grooves and provided with cutting edges, the ribs being reversible in the grooves to present new cutting edges, screen sections extended between the ribs, a shaft journaled in the hub, and hammers carried by the shaft and cooperating with the ribs and the screen sections.

3. A pulverizer of the class described, comprising a casing made up of upper and lower members, means for joining the upper and lower members together detachably, the upper member having a bottom, and the lower member having a top, the top and the bottom having cooperating outlet openings, the bottom being provided with a hub, a regulator for the openings, journaled on the hub, the regulator being located between said bottom and said top, a foraminous receptacle in the upper member, a shaft journaled in the hub, and hammers carried by the shaft and cooperating with the foraminous receptacle.

4. A pulverizer of the class described comprising a casing including an upper member and a lower member, a removable closure plate on the upper member, means for joining the upper and the lower members together detachably, the upper member having a bottom, the lower member having a base and being provided with a transverse partition forming a receiving and suction chamber above the partition and forming a space below the partition and between the partition and the base, the lower member having an outlet for the chamber, a foraminous receptacle in the upper member, the bottom of the upper member having an opening establishing communication between the receptacle and the receiving and suction chamber, a shaft journaled in the base, in the closure plate, in the partition, and in the bottom of the upper member, a hammer carried by the shaft and cooperating with the foraminous receptacle, a suction and blast means carried by the shaft and located in the receiving and suction chamber, and means for rotating the shaft, said means being disposed in said space which exists below the partition.

STANLEY MCMAHAN.

US638022A 1932-10-15 1932-10-15 Pulverizer Expired - Lifetime US1977771A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2516295A (en) * 1946-08-09 1950-07-25 Pennsylvania Crusher Co Process for preparing homogeneously partially polymerized particles of thermosetting material
US2536928A (en) * 1944-03-01 1951-01-02 Eureka Williams Corp Garbage disposal apparatus
US2536929A (en) * 1945-10-18 1951-01-02 Eureka Williams Corp Garbage grinder
US2543599A (en) * 1946-04-06 1951-02-27 Rietz Mfg Co Screen structure for hammer mills
US2609152A (en) * 1950-06-17 1952-09-02 Massey Harris Co Ltd Vertically arranged hammer mill
US2682374A (en) * 1950-04-15 1954-06-29 Rietz Mfg Co Inclined axis rotary hammer and screen disintegrator with plural discharge structures
US3229698A (en) * 1963-05-16 1966-01-18 Arenco Ab Machine for threshing tobacco and separating the tobacco threshed
US3386451A (en) * 1965-12-21 1968-06-04 Seita Apparatus for treating foliate material such as tobacco
US3401701A (en) * 1965-06-11 1968-09-17 Seita Process and means for separating the parenchyma from lignacious parts of vegetable leaves and in particular tobacco
US3491954A (en) * 1966-03-22 1970-01-27 Riley Stoker Corp Air flow regulator for a pulverizer
US3552662A (en) * 1967-12-21 1971-01-05 Gutmann Ges Fuer Maschinenbau Device for regaining components of knocked-out mold and core sand and pieces
US5413039A (en) * 1992-07-22 1995-05-09 Tokyo Kikai Seisakusho, Ltd. Rotary press and feeder unit for the same
WO1998006497A1 (en) * 1996-08-12 1998-02-19 Gupta Rajendra P Energy efficient centrifugal grinder
EP1611957A1 (en) * 2004-07-01 2006-01-04 Ing. Bonfiglioni S.P.A. "Oil mill with hammers for crushing drupes, in particular olives"
RU2444407C1 (en) * 2010-09-21 2012-03-10 Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Белгородский государственный технологический университет им. В.Г. Шухова" Rotor mill
US9498780B2 (en) 2012-09-20 2016-11-22 Gary L. Watts Grinding mill with cable grinding arms

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2536928A (en) * 1944-03-01 1951-01-02 Eureka Williams Corp Garbage disposal apparatus
US2536929A (en) * 1945-10-18 1951-01-02 Eureka Williams Corp Garbage grinder
US2543599A (en) * 1946-04-06 1951-02-27 Rietz Mfg Co Screen structure for hammer mills
US2516295A (en) * 1946-08-09 1950-07-25 Pennsylvania Crusher Co Process for preparing homogeneously partially polymerized particles of thermosetting material
US2682374A (en) * 1950-04-15 1954-06-29 Rietz Mfg Co Inclined axis rotary hammer and screen disintegrator with plural discharge structures
US2609152A (en) * 1950-06-17 1952-09-02 Massey Harris Co Ltd Vertically arranged hammer mill
US3229698A (en) * 1963-05-16 1966-01-18 Arenco Ab Machine for threshing tobacco and separating the tobacco threshed
US3401701A (en) * 1965-06-11 1968-09-17 Seita Process and means for separating the parenchyma from lignacious parts of vegetable leaves and in particular tobacco
US3386451A (en) * 1965-12-21 1968-06-04 Seita Apparatus for treating foliate material such as tobacco
US3491954A (en) * 1966-03-22 1970-01-27 Riley Stoker Corp Air flow regulator for a pulverizer
US3552662A (en) * 1967-12-21 1971-01-05 Gutmann Ges Fuer Maschinenbau Device for regaining components of knocked-out mold and core sand and pieces
US5413039A (en) * 1992-07-22 1995-05-09 Tokyo Kikai Seisakusho, Ltd. Rotary press and feeder unit for the same
WO1998006497A1 (en) * 1996-08-12 1998-02-19 Gupta Rajendra P Energy efficient centrifugal grinder
EP1611957A1 (en) * 2004-07-01 2006-01-04 Ing. Bonfiglioni S.P.A. "Oil mill with hammers for crushing drupes, in particular olives"
RU2444407C1 (en) * 2010-09-21 2012-03-10 Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Белгородский государственный технологический университет им. В.Г. Шухова" Rotor mill
US9498780B2 (en) 2012-09-20 2016-11-22 Gary L. Watts Grinding mill with cable grinding arms

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