US1977423A - Press - Google Patents

Press Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1977423A
US1977423A US656144A US65614433A US1977423A US 1977423 A US1977423 A US 1977423A US 656144 A US656144 A US 656144A US 65614433 A US65614433 A US 65614433A US 1977423 A US1977423 A US 1977423A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
motor
current
press
members
plunger
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US656144A
Inventor
John Y Blazek
Russell G Anderson
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LEMPEO PRODUCTS Inc
Original Assignee
LEMPEO PRODUCTS Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by LEMPEO PRODUCTS Inc filed Critical LEMPEO PRODUCTS Inc
Priority to US656144A priority Critical patent/US1977423A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1977423A publication Critical patent/US1977423A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/14Control arrangements for mechanically-driven presses
    • B30B15/148Electrical control arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B1/00Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen
    • B30B1/18Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen by screw means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T477/00Interrelated power delivery controls, including engine control
    • Y10T477/30Electric engine
    • Y10T477/35Brake engaged when engine energy deactivated, brake disengaged when engine energy activated
    • Y10T477/363Electrically actuated brake

Description

Oct. 16, 1934. BLA EK Er AL 1,977,423
PRESS Filed Feb. 10, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet l [mentor Oct. 16, 1934.
J. Y. BLAZEK ET AL 1,977,423
PRESS Filed Feb. 1 1933 4 Sheets-Shet 3 Oct. 16, 1934. J. Y. BLAZEK ET AL 1,977,423
PRESS Filed Feb. 10, 1935 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Patented Oct. 16, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT "orrics PRESS Application February 10, 1933, Serial No. 656,144 f I 4 Claims. (01. 29-85) This invention relates to a screw type press and has for its object to provide a particularly sturdy, convenient and high power press of unusually small size, considering its capacity, and to overcome numerous problems encountered in the operation of presses of this type as will be hereinafter more fully pointed out and particularly set forth in the claims.
The embodiment of our invention herein shown 9 and described has been designed especially for use in garages but is well adapted for analogous uses in other shops requiring a press of large capacity which will occupy a relatively small space.
In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a general elevational 5 view showing certain parts broken away tobring the entire device within the compass of the drawings; Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary detail sectionalview showing the mounting of the screw threaded plunger and driving means therefor;
Fig. 3 is a wiring diagram for direct current or single phase alternating current drive and Fig. 4 is a wiringdiagram for a multi-phase alternating current drive.
Referring now to the drawings, the numeral 10 indicates base members extending transversely of the press and affording support to the machine. The members 10 may extend a few feet on each side of the relatively narrow upright portions of the press. Secured to and extending upwardly 9 from the members 10 are uprights 11of channel cross section and provided with a series of openings 12 through both flanges of the channel. Se-
cured to each side of the members 11 and to the base members 10 are channel members 13. Secured to both sides of the uprights 11 at the upper end thereof are similar channel members 14 which by this arrangement are spaced apart from each other the thickness of the channel members 11 thereby affording a space through which may extend a casting 15. Extending across the uprights and movable up and down with respect thereto is a table 16 composed of a pair of channel members similar to those 13 and 14 spaced apart a distance very slightly greater than the thickness of the channel members 11 and firmly secured together in such spaced relation between said upright channel'members. At each end of thetable 16 the channel members making up thesame are provided with openings adapted to receive pins 17 extending through both such channel members and both flanges of the channel members 11 through the adjacent pairs of openings 12. The table 16 may be elevated and lowered when. the pins 17 are removed therefrom bymeans of cables attached thereto at each endyone passing directly I to a drum 18 and the other passing over a pulley and then to the drum 18. The drum is operated by a worm gear which is in turn rotated by a worm non-rotatably fixed with respect to a shaft 19 operated by a crank 20. A work support 21 may rest upon the table 16 and receive the work to be operated upon by the press. This work support will preferably be slidable with respect to the table 16 whereby it may be aligned with the lower end 22 of the press plunger 23 when the power plant carrying said plunger. is moved from side to side.
It will be seen by reference to Fig. 1 thatrthe casting 15 whichrests upon the upper surfaces of the members 14 can be moved from side to side therealong by means of a pinion operated by a crank 24, supported .by a bracket 25 and meshing with a rack 26 fixed with respect to one of the members 14.
By reference to Fig. 2 it will be seen that the casting 15 has restricted projections 27 on the lower surface thereof for movement back and forth upon the upper surfaces of the members 14 with a limited amount of friction. This casting has a central portion extending downwardly between the channel members 14 and terminating in right angular projections 28 extending underneath the lower surfaces of both the channels 14 and adapted to engage such surfaces and support the compressive force exerted by the plunger 23 'thereagainst. These projections or hooks which engage the lower surfaces of the members 14 have their full surfaces adaptedfor such engagement incontradistinction to'the restricted surfaces of the projections 2'7 which are designed for anti- 9o friction bearing. The central portion of the casting 15 is enlarged at its lower end to afford a surface 28 against which may engage a ball race 29. Extending through the cylindrical central opening in the casting 15 is a rotatable nut 30 having an outwardly extending fiange 31 at its lower end supporting a complementary ball race 32 on its upper surface. Suitable ball or other bearings 33 are engaged between the ball races 29 and 32 and support the compressive 10o forces exerted by the plunger 23. Non-rotatably secured to the upper end' of the nut 30 in any suitable manner is a gear 34. Meshing with the gear 34 is a pinion 35 fixed on the same shaft 36 with a worm gear 37, all suitably journaled 5 in a gear reduction box-casting indicated generally by the numeralBS. Meshing with the worm'gear 37 is a worm fixed to the armature shaft 39 of Y a driving motor 40.
Threadedly received in the nut 30 is a screw 11g and 49 normally spring pressed into braking relation by a spring 50 engaged between the upright 49 and a nut 51 on a connecting bolt 52 and moved to open position by a lever arm 53 having a yoke 54 at one end which is pivoted to thebolt 52 and a link 55 in turn pivoted on the upright 49. It will be seen that When the solenoid is energized the lever 53 is pulled downwardly thereby compressing the spring 50 and releasing the braking pressure. This construction of spring set brake results in an almost instantaneous stopping of the motor when the current is turned off.
The motor 40. havingarmature and field or rotor and stator. windings,. depending upon whether direct or. alternating current is employed, is controlled byv reversing switches S and S which are in turn controlled by solenoids or equivalent electromagnetic devices 61 and 62. The solenoids .61 land 62 are controlled by forward and reverse starting switches 63 and 64 which are normally spring pressed to open positionand moved to closed position by the operator when it is desired 'to start the press in forward or reverse direction. It will ,be noted that the down limit switch 44 and the up. limit switch 45 are connected in series with forward. starting switch 63 and reverse starting switch 64, respectively, as well as with the solenoids 61 and 62, respectively, and receive their current from the line irrespective of the position of the switches S and S It will thus be seen that if the forward starting switch'63is closed, the down limit switch 44 being above the lower limit and therefore closed, current will flow through the solenoid 61 therebymoving the switch S to closed position and supplying current to the motor 40 for forward. rotation. When the reverse starting switch 64 is closed, the up limit switch 45 being closed, the solenoid 62 is energized and current is supplied'to the motor 40 through the switch S for rotation in the reverse direction. It will also be seen that the solenoid60- controlling the brake is connected in parallelwith the motor or one winding thereof'whereby when the motor is energized the brake will be inactive and as soon as the-motor Ede-energized the brake will immediately be effective, requiring no building up of electromagnetic pull as would be the case if an electromagnetically set brake were employed instead of a spring set one.
Inserted in the line ahead of the motor and switches S and S are thermal control units T. Thisimay be a single unit but two are preferred and illustrated. These are of standard construction and per se form no part of, my invention. These thermal cut-outs are selected of such value as to operate when supplied over .a period of time with a current considerably less than may be required'to start the motor-in reverse. That is, they operate upon a current lessthan may be momentarily required by the motor in backing up from astall or excessive load. Excess current cut-outs are unsuitable in this position forthe reason that provision must be made for excessive current required for starting into reverse in certain circumstances. If, for example, the motor requires 40 amperes to back up from a stall it will be desirable to have the thermal cut-out operate on a current of the order of 25 to 30 amperes continued over a substantial period of time as, for example, a quarter or half minute.
In Fig. 4 we have shown;aqwiring' diagram adapted for a three phase current. The connections to brake and the starting and limit switches are identical to the showing of Fig. 3 and need not be further described. The switches S and S will be seen to control a multi-phase line instead of asingle phase or direct current line. It will also'be noted that two of the leads from the switches are reversed below the switches so that the rotating field of the multi-phase motor will cause rotation in the opposite direction depending upon whether S or S is closed.
The motors employed are of special design, a large slip being provided for the purpose 'bf increasing the running torque; The slip and windings of themotor preferably are suchthat the running torqueover the speedranges em-. ployed and with the loads encountered up to. the operation of the thermal cut-outs will amount to approximately one-half to'three-fourths: of the starting torque. I 5
For the purpose of rendering impossible ,the closing of both switches S and S. .a link a is pro.-. vided as indicated in Figs. 3 and 4., 1.
Having thus described our invention, what'we claimis: a.
1. In a screw press of the character described, a screw threaded plunger, an electric motor have ing a large slip, a driving connection between said motor and said plunger,.a brake drum on the armature shaft of said motor, a spring set, magnetically released brake embracing said drum and comprising a pair of pivotedmemberseach pivotally carrying a brake shoe,,sp ring vmeans normally urging said shoes against said drumat opposite sides thereof and a magnetically operated lever for compressing said spring means to release said drum, a sourceof current, reversing switch means controlling the supply of current to said motor and said brake, magneticoperat ing means for said reversing switchmeans, and spring-controlled, normally open switches for con.- trolling the supply of current to said magnetic operating means. 1 1
2. In a press of the character described, aplung;- er, an electric motor, driving connectionbetween said motor and said plunger,-reversingv switch means controlling the supply ofcurrent to said motor and a manually reset thermal cut-out also in said motor'circuit, said thermal cut-out being heated, so as to interrupt the circuitrbyexcessive' current flowing over a, period of time but not by the temporary overload required to go into; reverse after a stall.
3. In apress of the character described, in .com.- bination, a plunger, an electric motor, driving connections between said motor and said plunger,
reversing switch means controlling the supply of current to said motor and a manuallyreset ther,- mal cut-out'also in said motor circuit, said ther; mal cut-out being heatedso as to interrupt the circuit by excessive current-fiowingroveraperiod of time but not by the momentary overloadoccur 5 .4
ring when the motor is-reversed, even though-the cut-out may have been operatedbW-continued overload due to excessive plunger pressure. 1 l
#4. Ina pressof thecharacter described,-
com-
bination, aplunger, an electric 'motonadriving ply of current to said motor, said motor being designed to have materially more than the minimum obtainable slip whereby to increase the running torque.
JOHN Y. BLAZEK.
RUSSELL G. ANDERSON.
use
US656144A 1933-02-10 1933-02-10 Press Expired - Lifetime US1977423A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US656144A US1977423A (en) 1933-02-10 1933-02-10 Press

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US656144A US1977423A (en) 1933-02-10 1933-02-10 Press

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1977423A true US1977423A (en) 1934-10-16

Family

ID=24631820

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US656144A Expired - Lifetime US1977423A (en) 1933-02-10 1933-02-10 Press

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1977423A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2439725A (en) * 1945-11-19 1948-04-13 Robert P Frost Press assembly
US2554379A (en) * 1945-02-26 1951-05-22 Elmer F Oetinger Cigarette making machine
US2699108A (en) * 1950-12-07 1955-01-11 Charles A Adams Shop apparatus for exerting pressure in diverse directions
US2707307A (en) * 1951-10-25 1955-05-03 Moore & Co Samuel Press
US2764932A (en) * 1954-05-14 1956-10-02 Lummus Cotton Gin Co Automatic bale density mechanism for fiber presses and the like
US3100438A (en) * 1961-01-30 1963-08-13 Alfred H Merker Universal press
US3858431A (en) * 1974-03-25 1975-01-07 Applied Power Inc H-frame hydraulic press
DE2834697A1 (en) * 1977-08-10 1979-02-22 Grigorenko Anatoli S HYDRAULIC SCREW PRESS
DE3515502A1 (en) * 1985-04-30 1986-10-30 Bernhard Homm Screw press
EP2977193A1 (en) * 2014-07-23 2016-01-27 Melchor Gabilondo, S.A. Shop hydraulic press

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2554379A (en) * 1945-02-26 1951-05-22 Elmer F Oetinger Cigarette making machine
US2439725A (en) * 1945-11-19 1948-04-13 Robert P Frost Press assembly
US2699108A (en) * 1950-12-07 1955-01-11 Charles A Adams Shop apparatus for exerting pressure in diverse directions
US2707307A (en) * 1951-10-25 1955-05-03 Moore & Co Samuel Press
US2764932A (en) * 1954-05-14 1956-10-02 Lummus Cotton Gin Co Automatic bale density mechanism for fiber presses and the like
US3100438A (en) * 1961-01-30 1963-08-13 Alfred H Merker Universal press
US3858431A (en) * 1974-03-25 1975-01-07 Applied Power Inc H-frame hydraulic press
DE2834697A1 (en) * 1977-08-10 1979-02-22 Grigorenko Anatoli S HYDRAULIC SCREW PRESS
DE3515502A1 (en) * 1985-04-30 1986-10-30 Bernhard Homm Screw press
EP2977193A1 (en) * 2014-07-23 2016-01-27 Melchor Gabilondo, S.A. Shop hydraulic press

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1977423A (en) Press
US2630467A (en) Electric clutch and brake controlled press
US2471505A (en) Punch press
US4277734A (en) Electric brake motor
US2836276A (en) Electric sewing machine drives
US2110231A (en) Closure-operating device
US4509620A (en) Hoist or the like
US2670449A (en) Electric motor
US2653256A (en) Electric motor brake coupling assembly
US3181665A (en) Electrically controlled brake
US2675190A (en) Reel for feeding coil stock
US2628321A (en) Electric motor brake-coupling assembly
US3537551A (en) Sequential brake or clutch devices
US1994910A (en) Ironing machine
US2274175A (en) Electric hoist
US3358628A (en) Sewing machine control
GB1426445A (en) Adjustable speed driving device
US3068966A (en) Brake controller
US2293375A (en) Automatic brake
US2231661A (en) Hydraulic braking system for printing presses or like motor-driven apparatus
US1405640A (en) Electrically-controlled transmission
US1212981A (en) Hoisting mechanism.
US2644357A (en) Power-operated, gear-controlled multiple socket wrench
US1252897A (en) Reciprocating mechanism and system of motor control therefor.
US2170510A (en) Automatic position stop mechanism for machine tools