US1929025A - Bagless vacuum cleaner - Google Patents

Bagless vacuum cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
US1929025A
US1929025A US472703A US47270330A US1929025A US 1929025 A US1929025 A US 1929025A US 472703 A US472703 A US 472703A US 47270330 A US47270330 A US 47270330A US 1929025 A US1929025 A US 1929025A
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United States
Prior art keywords
handle
filter
dirt
air
vacuum cleaner
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Expired - Lifetime
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US472703A
Inventor
Leathers Ward
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QUADREX CORP
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QUADREX CORP
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Priority to US472703A priority Critical patent/US1929025A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L9/00Details or accessories of suction cleaners, e.g. mechanical means for controlling the suction or for effecting pulsating action; Storing devices specially adapted to suction cleaners or parts thereof; Carrying-vehicles specially adapted for suction cleaners
    • A47L9/32Handles
    • A47L9/325Handles for wheeled suction cleaners with steering handle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S15/00Brushing, scrubbing, and general cleaning
    • Y10S15/08Dust bags and separators

Description

0C@ 3, 1933. w. LEATHERs I BAGLESS VACUUM CLEANER 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Original Filed Aug. 2, 1950 INVENTOR.
Oct. 3, 1933. w LEATHERS 1,929,025
EAGLES S VACUUM CLEANER Original Filed Aug. 2, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I NVEN TOR.
Patented Oct. 3, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE A Quadrex Corporation necticut a corporation of Con- Applicatlon August 2, 1930, Serial No. 472,703 Renewed March 1, 1933.
4 claims. (ci. iss-3s) The object of my invention is to produce vacuum cleaners without the dirt bag commonly used. In order to accomplish this purpose'I have invented new means of filtering the exhaust air, of'
catching the dirt in a receptacle, and of locating the same in suitable and novel places.
In the following description I have set forth the possibilities involved in my invention and have appended thereto, for purposes of clarity,
1o drawings in which Fig. 1 is a side view of a vacuum cleaner Fig. 2 is the same Fig. 3 is a cross-section of handle filter and dirt container t Fig. 4 is a cross-section of modified handle fil- Fig. 5 is a front elevation of a hollow yoke providing double air exhaust Fig. 6 is a side view of vacuum cleaner with parallel filter Fig. 7 is a modified double air exhaust Fig. 8 is a cross-section of same Fig. 9 is an attaching device Fig. 10 is a handle.
In Figure 1 I have shown a conventional vacuum cleaner for light or heavy duty, depending upon size, in which 1 is the motor case, 2 is the blower case, 3 is the nozzle case. It is usual practice with rotary blowers to take the exhaust from a spiral enlargement at the periphery of the rotor. I have taken the exhaust from the rotor in the conventional manner, except that I have used two outlets, 4 and 5, on opposite sides of the blower case. These are taken off spirally in the direction of rotation and turned around in such manner that the two exhausts turn toward each other immediately back of the blower case.
Connected to these outlets 4 and 5, in a hinged manner, is a hollow air conductor 6 provided with exhaust ducts shown at 7 (see Fig. 7). At the top of 6 there is an enlarged portion 8, to the bottom side of which is latched, or fastened, the dirtv receptacle 9 and to the top side of which is attached the handle 10. 11 is a hook for holding `the electric cord. 12 is the same. 12 may be folded into the handle 13. At 14 I have shown a tightly closed door 14, hinged at 15, released by a latch at 16, the purpose of which is to permit instantaneous cleaning of the filter in the handle by means of the blast from the blower itself.
If the filter is in the handle 10 it is obvious that the household user can drop the handle out an open window while the motor is running, release any suitable latch 16, and the door 14 will be blown open and the filter cleaned.
In Figure 2 I have shown a similar arrangement of air-duct, handle filter and dirt receptacle, except that the exhaust ducts from the blower casing, extensions 4 and 5, continue their separation to the top of the dirt receptacle 9 instead of being 00 joined together as in Figure 1 (see Fig. 5).
Figure 3, the upper portion 8 of the hollow yoke bracket 6, is shown in'cross-section. Air from the blower comes up through the passage 17 and is deflected vdownward by a baille 18, after which it 05 continues its travel upward through the hollow handle 10. The baffle is for the purpose of defiecting heavier objects and particles directly into the dirt receptacle 9 instead of permitting their entrance into the handle filter. The dirt receptacle 9 may be made of any suitable material and in any suitable shape and attached to 8 in any desirable manner. I have shown it in a preferable form, made of transparent material such as ce1- luloid, equipped at its top with a metal rim 19, this metal rim is provided with a very steep thread 20 which engages a similar thread in the casting 8, said thread being so steep that a partial turn of the receptacle 9, such as 45 will release or engage said thread. The handle 21 is rigidly attached ao to the rim-19 and thereby provides simple means of manually attaching and detaching the dirt receptacle 9 from the machine.
The filter handle may be provided with its filter elements on the outside (Fig. 3) or on the inside (Fig. 4). In Figure 3, 22 is a hollow tube, preferably of thin-walled hard fibre, about 11/2 inches in diameter. 22 is provided with ports 23 in any desired size, number and arrangement, and is attached to 8 in suitable manner (shown with screw thread), and at the top to a suitable handle top as 24 in Figure 1. The hollow tube 22 is then covered with any suitable filter material. It may be a specially woven porous material, or a felt-like material or preferably a Velvet shown at 25. 'Ihis material must be of a highly porous character. It may be put on the tube 22 reasonably tight or reasonably loose as is required for permitting the air to creep beneath it and escape over its entire area rather than through only those areas in juxtaposition to the ports. The filter cover 25 is fastened at both ends in any suitable manner. I have shown it sewn to a metal ring 26 and anchored by a threaded collar 27.
In Figure 4 I have shown a similar handle filter modified by placing the filter elements inside the perforated tube 22. The porous element 28 may be of any suitable material, such as felt or velvet. In the latter case the nap is naturally turned out toward the tube 22 to permit the air to escape from the inside duct, over its entire area, finding its way through the nap to the ports 23. Another means of permitting the use of the entire filter area is to sew the fabric or filter material into tubular form, slightly smaller than the inside diameter of the perforated tube 22. A still further method of using thin filter material, such as silk, consists of a thin open mesh screen 29, to the inside face of which is sewn a filter lining 28 as shown by the stitches at 30. This combination of screen and other filter material, such as silk fabric, may be used as a unit and slid inside of the tube 22 and fastened at both ends in any suitable manner, such as the ring and clamp method shown at 31. l i
Figure 5 is a front view of a hollow yoke bracket 6 (as in Figure 2.) It may be entirely of one casting as shown at 6 in Figure 2 or the portions 7 and 8 may, for purposes of easier manufacture, be separated by tubular or other shaped duct parts 32.
In Figure 6 I have shown a conventional vacuum cleaner with an air-duct yoke-bracket slightly rearranged. The air fromV the part 6 is carried directly into the handle 10 with no com- .munication with the dirt-receptacle 9. The handle 10 consists of a plain hollow tube of metal or hard fibre. At the top of the handle 10 I have provided a housing member 33 to which l0 is attached in suitable manner as well as the handle 13. The blast of air from 10 is turned about within 33 in a suitably formed cavity 34 so that it may exhaust downward into an exposed filter 35. 35 consists of asleeve or hose of highly porous material. Air and dirt enter its upper portion at 36 and the dirt exhausts from its lower portion at 37 into the dirt-receptacle 9 which is supported by 8, a part of the hollow duct-yoke 6. This is a highly desirable arrangement for high duty purposes because it gives the maximum of air volume and filtration, and a continuous movement of the dirt through the filter aided by both air and gravity. 38 is a stout reinforcement sewn around the filter tube 35 and provided with a suitable clip whereby it is anchored to the handle 10.
Figure 'I is a back view of the part 6.
Figure 8 is a cross-section of the part 6 in Figure 7. v
Figure 9 illustrates one of many suitable means of attaching the filter tube 35 to the end-holders 34 and 8. The filter tube in this case is sewn at 39 to a stouter piece of fabric which is again sewn fast to a spiral-spring shown by the dotted lines. At the top of the spiral-spring there is a ring developed from the spring itself by means of which attachment is made to 34 by a clamp ring 40, stouter fabric over the spring covers it completely inside or outside and is sewn to the top ring. The spring mechanism may be used or not as desired, but its object is to provide somev slight elasticity to the filter tube 35 since in handling the vacuum cleaner with the motor not running the tube 35 may be collapsed against the handle 10. i
Figure 10 shows a hollow yoke 41 for the same purpose as the lower portion of 6 in Figures 1-.2 and 6. It is attached directly to the handle 10 which is provided with inside or outside lter as in Figures 3 and 4. The handle 13 is provided with a rubber bumper 42 and the latch 14 for the same purpose as in'Figure 1. For light duty vacuum cleaners such a filter handle is highly practical without the dirt receptacle 9 of Figures 1--2 and 6 because the handle 10 will hold sufficient dirt still permitting of proper filtration for sweeping an ordinary small room or two under normal conditions, and the user may, immediately upon completing such operation. drop the handle end of the vacuum cleaner out an open window or into a suitable receptacle, release the latch '14, and instantly and completely free the vacuum cleaner of all dirt. 14
,may be on the end of 13,a location corresponding 1. In a suction cleaner, a motor-blower unit, i
a perforated hollow handle, filtering material disposed substantially the entire length and area of said handle, a manually removable dirt receptacle operably attached to the bottom of said handle for retrieving dirt from said handle by gravity, and an air ductleading from the outlet of said motor-blower unit to a juncture with the bottom end of said filter handle but above said dirtv receptacle.
2. In a suction cleaner, a motor-blower unit, a perforated hollow handle, filtering material disposed substantially the entire length and area of said handle, a manually removable dirt receptacle operably attached to the bottom of said handle for retrieving dirt from said handle by gravity, an air duct leading from the outlet of said motor-blower unit to a juncture with the bottom of said filter handle but above said dirt receptacle, and with said air duct so operably joined to the motor-blower unit that it may be angularly moved with respect thereto.
3. In a suction cleaner, a motor-blower unit, a perforated hollow handle, filtering material disposed substantially the entire length and area of said handle,a manually removable dirt receptacle operably attached to the bottom of said handle for retrieving dirt from said handle by gravity, an air duct leading from the outlet of said motor-blower to a juncture with the bottom end of said filter handle but above said dirt receptacle, and with a manually operated valve at the top of said handle for the purposes set forth.
4. In a suction cleaner, a motor-blower-unit,
a hollow handle, a tube of filtering material disposed parallel to and substantially the entire length of said handle, means of leading dirtladen air to the bottom of said hollow handle and delivering said dirt-laden air to the top of said filter tube, and with the bottom of said filter tube communicating with a manually removable dirt receptacle.
WARD LEATHERS;
US472703A 1930-08-02 1930-08-02 Bagless vacuum cleaner Expired - Lifetime US1929025A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2467652A (en) * 1945-07-25 1949-04-19 Electrolux Corp Dirt entrapping device for observing the operation of vacuum cleaners
US2542634A (en) * 1947-11-29 1951-02-20 Apex Electrical Mfg Co Dust separator
US2558496A (en) * 1944-11-20 1951-06-26 Gen Motors Corp Agitator and fan drive mechanism for vacuum cleaners
US2570307A (en) * 1946-07-12 1951-10-09 Hoover Co Suction cleaner with pneumatic filter cleaning means
US2672642A (en) * 1947-09-02 1954-03-23 Vacuum Cleaner Corp Of America Vacuum cleaner with concealed cord-reel
US3150405A (en) * 1962-05-05 1964-09-29 Fakir Werk Wilhelm Kicherer Carpet cleaner
US3896521A (en) * 1973-03-27 1975-07-29 Parise & Sons Inc Home cleaning system
US4405346A (en) * 1981-05-13 1983-09-20 The Hoover Company Cleaner with dirt cup
US4825502A (en) * 1987-07-06 1989-05-02 Rexair, Inc. Device for visual inspection of fluid flow
US5355549A (en) * 1992-03-13 1994-10-18 Amway Corporation Diverter valve for vacuum cleaner apparatus
EP1230889A2 (en) * 2001-01-12 2002-08-14 Royal Appliance MFG. CO. Tank mounting of carpet extractor
EP1413239A2 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-04-28 Miele & Cie. KG Handle on the shaft of a vacuum cleaner

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2558496A (en) * 1944-11-20 1951-06-26 Gen Motors Corp Agitator and fan drive mechanism for vacuum cleaners
US2467652A (en) * 1945-07-25 1949-04-19 Electrolux Corp Dirt entrapping device for observing the operation of vacuum cleaners
US2570307A (en) * 1946-07-12 1951-10-09 Hoover Co Suction cleaner with pneumatic filter cleaning means
US2672642A (en) * 1947-09-02 1954-03-23 Vacuum Cleaner Corp Of America Vacuum cleaner with concealed cord-reel
US2542634A (en) * 1947-11-29 1951-02-20 Apex Electrical Mfg Co Dust separator
US3150405A (en) * 1962-05-05 1964-09-29 Fakir Werk Wilhelm Kicherer Carpet cleaner
DE1291450B (en) * 1962-05-05 1969-03-27 Fakir Werk Wilhelm Kicherer Fastening and locking device for a dust bag in mobile stick vacuum cleaners
US3896521A (en) * 1973-03-27 1975-07-29 Parise & Sons Inc Home cleaning system
US4405346A (en) * 1981-05-13 1983-09-20 The Hoover Company Cleaner with dirt cup
US4825502A (en) * 1987-07-06 1989-05-02 Rexair, Inc. Device for visual inspection of fluid flow
US5355549A (en) * 1992-03-13 1994-10-18 Amway Corporation Diverter valve for vacuum cleaner apparatus
EP1230889A2 (en) * 2001-01-12 2002-08-14 Royal Appliance MFG. CO. Tank mounting of carpet extractor
EP1230889A3 (en) * 2001-01-12 2002-10-02 Royal Appliance MFG. CO. Tank mounting of carpet extractor
US6536071B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2003-03-25 Royal Appliance Mfg. Co. Tank mounting of carpet extractor
EP1413239A2 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-04-28 Miele & Cie. KG Handle on the shaft of a vacuum cleaner
EP1413239A3 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-05-12 Miele & Cie. KG Handle on the shaft of a vacuum cleaner

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