US190130A - Improvement in fountain-pens - Google Patents

Improvement in fountain-pens Download PDF


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US190130A US190130DA US190130A US 190130 A US190130 A US 190130A US 190130D A US190130D A US 190130DA US 190130 A US190130 A US 190130A
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    • B43K5/00Pens with ink reservoirs in holders, e.g. fountain-pens
    • B43K5/02Ink reservoirs
    • B43K5/06Ink reservoirs with movable pistons for withdrawing ink from an ink-receptacle
    • B43K5/08Ink reservoirs with movable pistons for withdrawing ink from an ink-receptacle with ink-supplying valves


Patented May1,1877.
ALONZO T. oRoss, OF meuneries-"RHODE ISLAND:
Specication forming part of Letters Patent Noi 190,i30, .dated May l1, 1877; lapplcation tiled' September S, 1876.
To all whom t may concern.'
Be it known that I, ALONZO T. (JBoss, of Providence, in the State of Rhode Island, have invented an Improvement in Fountain- Pens, of which the following is aspecication:
Ihe nature of my invention consists in a certain mode of combining the needle and valve with the airtube and outer case, and in so regulating the seating of the valve and the opening or closing of the vent-oriiice that both points may be properly controlled and operated by means of the same screw.
It also consists in enlarging the chamber of the air-tube at a short distance above the lower air-holes, for the purpose of more effectually preventing the ink from being forced from the ink-reservoir back into the tube, and
thence out of the upper vent-orifice.
It also consists in forming an inverted ani nular space between the sides of the air-tube and an inner tube secured at any suitable point above the lower air-orices.
It also consists in attening the needle, so that it willtend to keep its tube free from sediment and ready for action under all circumstances.
Figure 1 is a longitudinal section of my improved fountain-pen. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal view of the valve-spindle and its attachments. Fig. 3 is an exterior view of the air-tube. Fig. 4 is an enlarged edge view of the attened needle. Fig. 5 is a side view of the same.
In the drawing, A is the outer case; B, a cap-piece screwed into the upper end of the case A, and having attached to it theair-tube C, the lower end of which is constructed so as to form a tube, D, of less diameter than the main tube C, and extending for a short distance above the orifices E E, thus forming, with the valve-spindle I, an annular space, O, at the lower end of the chamber H of the airtube. At about the middle of the air-tube I secure the tube E by means of the flange Gr as to furnish an inlet-passage for air to enter the air-tube.
When the nut K is placed in proper position on the valve-spindle, the check-nut L will The needle M is serve to hold it in place. made cylindrical at its upper end, but is flattened below, so as to act like a reamer in removing the ink sediment which collects in the tube N.
The needles used in fountain-pens have heretofore been invariably made in cylindrical or tapering form, and have never heretofore been flattened, which improved construction serves to keep the flow of ink free runder all conditions.
The check-nut arrangement at the upper` end of the valve-spindle is also a great iinprovement over the devices heretofore employed, for the reason that, by its use, the
opening of the air-vent and the raising of thel valve from its seat may both be effected simul-` taneously'by means'of the same screw, t/he position of the nut K being so regulated'that 1 l the valve will be first brought down to its seat, and then allow the springing of the'I valve-spindle I to let the lower side of the milled flange of thLnut K strike against the upper end of the cup B, thus closing Vthe airpassage R, formed by cutting away the threads of the screw k. It is evident that without this check-nut arrangement it would be impracticable to make the two extreme closingvalves of the pen operate together in the same direction, both opening or closing at the same time while rigidly connected to each other.
The contracted tube D and the tube F, by means of their obstructing capillary attraction with the valve-spindle I, serve to prevent the ink from being forced out of the vent-orice when the pen is being used, and is held in a reversed position. The valve-spindle I passes down through the center of the .air tube, through the tubes D and F, and the position of the valve is regulated by means of the screw kMthe air-tube C at the same time remaining fixed with relation to the outer case A but when the fountain is to be filled with ink, all of the several parts may be removed together by unscrewing the cap-piece B, to which the air-tube C is permanently attached. The valve-spindle l is tiled away at the tube F, in order to allow the air to pass from the upper to the lower chamber of the air-tube.
I claim as my inventiong1. The combination of the valve-spindle I, air'ltnbe C, and casev A, each part, respectively, being contained within the other, and
` made separately removable, substantially as described.
2. The nut K and check-nut L, for regulating the simultaneous opening or closing of the air-vent and the lower valve in fountainpens.
8. The short annular capillary chamber O,
`combined with an upper air-chamber having a greater area in its cross-section.
ALONZO T. oRoss.
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