US1889816A - Distributor - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1889816A
US1889816A US570233A US57023331A US1889816A US 1889816 A US1889816 A US 1889816A US 570233 A US570233 A US 570233A US 57023331 A US57023331 A US 57023331A US 1889816 A US1889816 A US 1889816A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
distributor
partition
casing
rotor
inlet
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US570233A
Inventor
White William Albert
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WHITE S MARINE ENGINEERING COM
WHITE'S MARINE ENGINEERING COMPANY Ltd
Original Assignee
WHITE S MARINE ENGINEERING COM
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Priority to GB1889816X priority Critical
Application filed by WHITE S MARINE ENGINEERING COM filed Critical WHITE S MARINE ENGINEERING COM
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Publication of US1889816A publication Critical patent/US1889816A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23KFEEDING FUEL TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS
    • F23K3/00Feeding or distributing of lump or pulverulent fuel to combustion apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23KFEEDING FUEL TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS
    • F23K2203/00Feeding arrangements
    • F23K2203/006Fuel distribution and transport systems for pulverulent fuel

Description

B888, 1932. WHW'E 1,889,816

DISTRIBUTOR Filed 001;. 21. 1931 2 Sheets-$heet 1 Dec. 6, 1932. w, w n- 1,889,816

- DISTRIBUTOR Filed-Oct. 21, 1931 '2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Dec. 6, 1932 U -NIaTED" STATE 5 PATENT time v WILLIAM ALBERT'WHI'IE, onr'rn'BBURN-oN rYNE,ENGLAND, AssreNoR To wnrrns MARIN-E ENGINEERING COMPANY, LIMITED, on HEBBURN4ON7TYNE; ENGLAND' DISTRIBUTOR Application filed 0ctober"21,-1931,'Serial No. 570,233, and in Great Britain. October 30, 1930;"

The invention relatestodistributors and is applicable to the distribution of: sohds in a discrete, e.,g. ,,granular or. pulverized form, of liquids or even of gases. 7

tions, it: is often necessary to'distributethe coal. from a single'pulverizer among a number of'dilferent burners and a main object of the present invention is to provide a form of apparatussuitable for this purpose.

With such an object, the invention consists in a: distributor for the purpose indicated comprising the combination of elemerits described and particularly pointed 1. out. in the claims.

Referring to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings;

Figure l'shows a sectional elevation of'one form of the invention having twotrumpetmouthed members,

' Figure 2 being arcorresponding sectional end view; Figure 3 shows a sectional elevation of a modified, form. having only one trumpetmouthed member,v

Figure 4 shows a sectional. elevation, of another form: of the inventionhaving an-internal: cylindrical valve, Figure 5 being a detail view of the in- 39 clined slot;v while finally v Figure6 shows a sectional end view corre sponding to Figure 4. g

c When.- desirable, th e same reference symbols are used in thedilferent figures to denote corresponding parts. I

In: carrying the invention into effect according ,to thezform shown in Figures 1 and 2: applied: tov pulverized coal, the distributor comprises a fan or impeller mem her, A, hereinafter called the rotor, mounted. rotatably, within a casing, B, the pulverized coal passingin an axial directiontothe inside of the. casing through an annularHpassage ,C, inproximity to and surrounding tlre shaft',. 2,tof the rotor, and passing out of the casing, by way of a tangentially-disposed.delivery duct, 3; (Figure 2.) The casingis pre'ferably formed in halves which may-be hinged together, if desired,

, i so as to provideready access to its'interior,

The rotor itself comprises a plate or shroud, a, secured at right angles to the shaft,- 2, and disposed towards the side of a the casing remote from the inlet, (see Figure For example,iin pulverized-coal installa-- 1) while a-hub or the like, which in effect takes the fornr of an annular fillet, v-ia, of quadrantal shape, is provided in. the angle on the inlet side between the plate, 4, and the shaft, 2,]

- The blades or heaters, 5, which are preferably renewable,'project from'the plate at right angles near its periphery, and may be plane or curved as desired.

, To secure the distribution required, the rotor also embodies, in the-form of the invention under description, two ormore spaced sheet metal partitions, 6, 7, pressed or stamped to the forrnmore or less of a trumpet-mouth and ,nested co-axially one within the other with their curved inlet of small diameter facing axially in the directionfrom which the pulverized fuel reaches them and their circumferential parts extending substantially in planes at right angles to the axis of rotation, so that the path of any individual particle of the pulverized,

coal on its passage through the rotor is 'deflected substantially through a right angle.

.By help. of thepartitions, 6,7, and the hub, 4a, above mentioned, two ducts,.8, 9, are formed through the rotor, each of these ducts being axial at its inlet and radially disposedat its outlet.

The actual constructional rotor may take'difierent forms. v I

Thus, the blades, 5, themselves may be riveted'between the side plate, 4, and the features of 'the partitions, 6 7, while if desired eXtra' strength may be provided by way of" distance pieces, 10, and studs, 11, screwed into the side plate,4. (See Figure 1.)

' The delivery duct, 3-, is divided into two ducts, 12, 13, to c'o'rrespond'withthe rotor ducts, 8,9, the dividing fseptum,-I4, between the two ducts being alignedwiththe par tition, 6,'of the rotor. i i

According to a modification 0f the form of the invention described as shownin Fig ure 3, only the partition, 6, is provided, the limiting wall of the casing, B, and in parproperly distributed among ticular its rounded part, 15, taking the place of the partition, 7, previously described.

In accordance with another form of the invention, (see Figures 4 and 5) the curved parts of the trumpet-shaped partitions are omitted and only the outer plane parts, 16, 17, 18, associated with the blades of the rotor are retained.

, In this form of the invention, in order that the incoming pulverized coall1 may be t e through the rotor, a ported cylinder, 19, fixed to the casing, B, is arranged within the blades, 5, and co-axial with their axis of rotation, a similarly ported sleeve, 20, being so mounted within and in operative juxtapositionto the cylinder, 19, that it may be rotated and slid axially in relation thereto. j

In order to prevent jamming by the pulverized coal, the sleeve, 20, is preferably so arranged that a screw movement, that is a movement both circumferential and axial, may be given to it and with this object a pin, 21, fixed to the sleeve passes through an inclined slot, 22, (see Figure 5) in the inlet branch, 23, to the casing or other suitable part, a controlling handle, 24, fixed to or forming part of the pin, 21, being operable from outside.

In this form of the invention, three partitions, 28, 29, 30, are provided in the delivery duct, 3, so as to'deliver the pulverized coal to four ducts, 31, 32, 33 and 34.

Alternatively, the ports in the cylinder, 19, and sleeve, 20, instead of registering in the fully open position, may be arranged in staggered or other relation, or a numberof sleeves one within the other may be used, so that the openings to the several passages through the rotor may be adjustable relatively or controllable separately as described. I

In any form of the inventi0n, the pipe from the pulverizer itself to the inlet of the distributor may itself be divided by annular or other partitions corresponding with the inlets of the distributing ducts of the rotor.

Valves or dampers may be provided as required in either the inlet passages to the distributor or to the outlet passages therefrom to adjust the flow.

' Other variations may be made in the constructional features described above without exceeding the scope of the invention.

I am aware that centrifugal devices have been proposed in which the rotatable impeller or the like was divided into separate ducts by one or more partitions but such impellers either received from and discharged into common ducts or received from and discharged into separate unconnected ducts, so that no distribution of material was effected.

Having now described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. A distributor of the kind indicated, comprising in combination a casin having a common central inlet and a plurality of peripheral deliveries therefrom, a rotatable blower element mounted within said casing and partition means also within said casing and defining a plurality of paths through said blower, all said paths issuing from said common central inlet and leading to said plurality of peripheral deliveries.

2. A distributor as claimed in claim 1, in which said common inlet is disposed axially of saidblower with said partition means disposed edgewise of the axial direction of flow through said inlet.

3. A distributor as claimed in claim 1, in which an annular peripheral space is provided between said casing and said blower, sald partition means being disposed in alin'ement partly within said blower and partly within said peripheral space. i

4. A distributor as claimed in claim 1, in which the shape of said partition means is that of a trumpet-mouth arranged co-axially with the axis of rotation of said blower.

5. A distributor as claimed in claim 1, in which said blower element has transversely disposed blades and at least one side plate,

said blades and said partition means being secililred to said side plate and rotating therewit 6. A distributor as claimed in claim 1, in which said blower is mounted on a shaft. and said central inlet is disposed on one side of said casing axially of said shaft, said blower comprisingaside plate on the. side thereof remote from said inlet and an annular quadrantal fillet disposed in the angle between 7165 said side plate and said shaft.

7. A distributor as claimed in claim 1, in which said partition means within said casing are annular in form andradially disposed and said common central inlet extends axially across the inner peripheries of said partition means.

" 8. A distributor as claimed in claim 1, in which said partition means within said casing are annular in form and radially disposed and said common central inlet extends axially across the inner peripheries of said partition means and comprising in addition a movable cylindrical ported, valve controlling the inlets to said paths between said partition'means and a stationary ported sleeve with which said 'valveco-operates.

9. A distributor as claimed in claim 1, in which said partition means within said casing are annular in form and radially dispose and said common central inlet extends axially across the inner peripheries of said partition means and comprising in addition a movable cylindrical ported valve controltition means, astationary ported sleeve with which said valve co-operates and means for constraining said ported valve to move both axially and circumferentially.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.

WILLIAM ALBERT WHITE.

US570233A 1930-10-30 1931-10-21 Distributor Expired - Lifetime US1889816A (en)

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GB1889816X 1930-10-30

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US1889816A true US1889816A (en) 1932-12-06

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2490066A (en) * 1945-08-27 1949-12-06 Kollsman Paul Diffuser
US2580706A (en) * 1946-11-22 1952-01-01 Gen Motors Corp Fuel supply system
US2995293A (en) * 1959-04-21 1961-08-08 Ingenieurbureau Dr Ing Alfred Guide means on impellers for centrifugal pumps or blowers
US2997959A (en) * 1958-01-24 1961-08-29 Westinghouse Electric Corp Pump
US3013501A (en) * 1956-12-27 1961-12-19 Skoglund & Olson Ab Centrifugal impeller
US3045894A (en) * 1957-05-22 1962-07-24 Frederick W Ross Gas turbine engine
US3081019A (en) * 1959-08-10 1963-03-12 Garden City Fan Co Fan
US3106165A (en) * 1960-06-15 1963-10-08 Dowty Fuel Syst Ltd Liquid pressure supply system
US3162128A (en) * 1961-06-14 1964-12-22 Regulator A G Combined distribution valve and pump
US3191541A (en) * 1961-12-26 1965-06-29 Brown Steel Tank Company Rotary fluid device
US3218029A (en) * 1964-04-20 1965-11-16 Schwitzer Corp Turbine housing for turbochargers
US3265000A (en) * 1962-09-03 1966-08-09 Dowty Fuel Syst Ltd Fluid metering device
US3270495A (en) * 1963-08-14 1966-09-06 Caterpillar Tractor Co Apparatus for controlling speed and vibration of engine turbochargers
US3292364A (en) * 1963-09-06 1966-12-20 Garrett Corp Gas turbine with pulsating gas flows
US3383092A (en) * 1963-09-06 1968-05-14 Garrett Corp Gas turbine with pulsating gas flows
US3736674A (en) * 1970-09-22 1973-06-05 Gibson Bros Co Impeller
US3866423A (en) * 1972-06-15 1975-02-18 Wallace Murray Corp Turbocharger compressor with dual inlet and collector chambers
US4035030A (en) * 1974-07-05 1977-07-12 Temafa, Textilmaschinenfabrik Meissner, Morgner & Co. Gmbh Device for pneumatically conveying fibers or fiber-containing materials
US4285631A (en) * 1978-11-20 1981-08-25 Plessey Handel Und Investments Ag Radial flow centrifugal impeller
US4336039A (en) * 1977-10-13 1982-06-22 Sohre John S Geothermal turbine
US4958986A (en) * 1987-02-20 1990-09-25 Pierre Boussuges Centrifugal action turbine
US20020119044A1 (en) * 2001-02-26 2002-08-29 O'connor, John F. Centrifugal blower with partitioned scroll diffuser
WO2006007622A1 (en) * 2004-07-23 2006-01-26 Josef Kneissl Turbine
WO2007009148A1 (en) * 2005-07-22 2007-01-25 Josef Kneissl Turbine wheel for cross-flow turbines
EP2180196A1 (en) * 2008-10-24 2010-04-28 Punker GmbH & Co. KG Ventilation assembly
US20120051902A1 (en) * 2009-04-29 2012-03-01 One Hydro Sdn. Bhd. Hydro turbine
WO2014128355A1 (en) * 2013-02-22 2014-08-28 Wetend Technologies Oy An arrangement for mixing a fluid to a process liquid and a method of operating the arrangement
CN104847695A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-19 张澄宇 Stage-middle air bleeding type air compressor based on micro-turbine jet engine

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2490066A (en) * 1945-08-27 1949-12-06 Kollsman Paul Diffuser
US2580706A (en) * 1946-11-22 1952-01-01 Gen Motors Corp Fuel supply system
US3013501A (en) * 1956-12-27 1961-12-19 Skoglund & Olson Ab Centrifugal impeller
US3045894A (en) * 1957-05-22 1962-07-24 Frederick W Ross Gas turbine engine
US2997959A (en) * 1958-01-24 1961-08-29 Westinghouse Electric Corp Pump
US2995293A (en) * 1959-04-21 1961-08-08 Ingenieurbureau Dr Ing Alfred Guide means on impellers for centrifugal pumps or blowers
US3081019A (en) * 1959-08-10 1963-03-12 Garden City Fan Co Fan
US3106165A (en) * 1960-06-15 1963-10-08 Dowty Fuel Syst Ltd Liquid pressure supply system
US3162128A (en) * 1961-06-14 1964-12-22 Regulator A G Combined distribution valve and pump
US3191541A (en) * 1961-12-26 1965-06-29 Brown Steel Tank Company Rotary fluid device
US3265000A (en) * 1962-09-03 1966-08-09 Dowty Fuel Syst Ltd Fluid metering device
US3270495A (en) * 1963-08-14 1966-09-06 Caterpillar Tractor Co Apparatus for controlling speed and vibration of engine turbochargers
US3292364A (en) * 1963-09-06 1966-12-20 Garrett Corp Gas turbine with pulsating gas flows
US3383092A (en) * 1963-09-06 1968-05-14 Garrett Corp Gas turbine with pulsating gas flows
US3218029A (en) * 1964-04-20 1965-11-16 Schwitzer Corp Turbine housing for turbochargers
US3736674A (en) * 1970-09-22 1973-06-05 Gibson Bros Co Impeller
US3866423A (en) * 1972-06-15 1975-02-18 Wallace Murray Corp Turbocharger compressor with dual inlet and collector chambers
US4035030A (en) * 1974-07-05 1977-07-12 Temafa, Textilmaschinenfabrik Meissner, Morgner & Co. Gmbh Device for pneumatically conveying fibers or fiber-containing materials
US4336039A (en) * 1977-10-13 1982-06-22 Sohre John S Geothermal turbine
US4285631A (en) * 1978-11-20 1981-08-25 Plessey Handel Und Investments Ag Radial flow centrifugal impeller
US4958986A (en) * 1987-02-20 1990-09-25 Pierre Boussuges Centrifugal action turbine
US8142147B2 (en) 2001-02-26 2012-03-27 The Bergquist Torrington Company Centrifugal blower with partitioned scroll diffuser
US20020119044A1 (en) * 2001-02-26 2002-08-29 O'connor, John F. Centrifugal blower with partitioned scroll diffuser
WO2006007622A1 (en) * 2004-07-23 2006-01-26 Josef Kneissl Turbine
WO2007009148A1 (en) * 2005-07-22 2007-01-25 Josef Kneissl Turbine wheel for cross-flow turbines
EP2180196A1 (en) * 2008-10-24 2010-04-28 Punker GmbH & Co. KG Ventilation assembly
US20120051902A1 (en) * 2009-04-29 2012-03-01 One Hydro Sdn. Bhd. Hydro turbine
WO2014128355A1 (en) * 2013-02-22 2014-08-28 Wetend Technologies Oy An arrangement for mixing a fluid to a process liquid and a method of operating the arrangement
CN105392554A (en) * 2013-02-22 2016-03-09 芬兰温德造纸湿部技术公司 An arrangement for mixing a fluid to a process liquid and a method of operating the arrangement
JP2016508874A (en) * 2013-02-22 2016-03-24 ウエテンド テクノロジーズ オサケユキチュア Apparatus for mixing fluid with process liquid and method of operating the apparatus
US9649607B2 (en) 2013-02-22 2017-05-16 Wetend Technologies Oy Arrangement for mixing a fluid to a process liquid and a method of operating the arrangement
CN105392554B (en) * 2013-02-22 2017-07-21 芬兰温德造纸湿部技术公司 For making the device that fluid is mixed with process liquids and the method for operating the device
CN104847695A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-19 张澄宇 Stage-middle air bleeding type air compressor based on micro-turbine jet engine

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