US1853630A - Electric musical instrument - Google Patents

Electric musical instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
US1853630A
US1853630A US474775A US47477530A US1853630A US 1853630 A US1853630 A US 1853630A US 474775 A US474775 A US 474775A US 47477530 A US47477530 A US 47477530A US 1853630 A US1853630 A US 1853630A
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sound
keyboard
movable
electric
key
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US474775A
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Martenot Maurice Louis Eugene
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Martenot Maurice Louis Eugene
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10HELECTROPHONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
    • G10H1/00Details of electrophonic musical instruments
    • G10H1/02Means for controlling the tone frequencies, e.g. attack, decay; Means for producing special musical effects, e.g. vibrato, glissando
    • G10H1/04Means for controlling the tone frequencies, e.g. attack, decay; Means for producing special musical effects, e.g. vibrato, glissando by additional modulation
    • G10H1/053Means for controlling the tone frequencies, e.g. attack, decay; Means for producing special musical effects, e.g. vibrato, glissando by additional modulation during execution only
    • G10H1/055Means for controlling the tone frequencies, e.g. attack, decay; Means for producing special musical effects, e.g. vibrato, glissando by additional modulation during execution only by switches with variable impedance elements
    • G10H1/0551Means for controlling the tone frequencies, e.g. attack, decay; Means for producing special musical effects, e.g. vibrato, glissando by additional modulation during execution only by switches with variable impedance elements using variable capacitors

Description

April 1932- M. 1.. E. MARTENOT 1,853,630

ELECTRI C MUSICAL I NSTRUMENT Filed Aug. 12, 1950 Patented Apr. 12, 1932 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ELECTRIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENT- Application filed August 12, 1930, Serial No. 474,775, and in France April 2, 1928.

This invention relates to electric musical instruments of the type described in the United States patent application filed on 27 March 1929 under Serial N 0. 350,357 of which this is a continuation in part, and discloses simple devices or means allowing to obtain the required notes of music, the variations of their intensity of sound or their vibrato in conditions rendering possible the execution.

of a piece of music with all the required fineness.

In accordance with the invention, use is made, for playing electric musical instruments, of a movable keyboard composed of a series of keys which are also individually movable; these keys are mechanically connected to the control members of the circuits of the instrument, whilst the keyboard is also connected to other control elements of the circuits. The required notes of music and the variations of theirintensity of sound are preferably obtained by depression of the keys, whilst the displacement of the keyboard allows to obtain the vibrato of the sounds produced.

'The keyboard can be divided in several sections, each of which is movable and can comprise one or more movable keys.

The invention is illustrated, by way of example, in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 illustrates a form of construction of a movable and divided keyboard.

Fig. 2 illustrates an example of construction in which a movable key of the keyboard can set'in motion one or more elements controlling the circuits of the instruments for obtaining the notes, their variation of intensity and the vibrato.

In these figures, 45 designates the movable keys between which is left an interval allowing a slight lateral play. These keys can pivot in all directions on supports 46. Their dis lacement is limited by blocks 47 lined wit felt', between which are inserted flexible blades 48 which are fitted on the keys.

Above this keyboard is arranged a wire or like element 49 which is held in a suitable manner, for instance by sprlngs 50. To this wire is connected a lever 43 carrying the movable armature 44 of a variable condenser, of small capacity, inserted in the oscillating circult and which can be of any type. The wire is located at a small distance from the keys so that, by depression of one of the keys, it is possible to determine a displacement of the wire by means of any suitable actuating device, for instance by means of small brushes 51, shown in Figs. 1 and 2. This structure is completed by a device providing for variations of the intensity of the sound in proportion to the depression of the key. Fig. 2 shows, for instance, how a device of this kind can be constituted by wires 52 connected to the varlous keys and all secured to the movable part 53 of a common variable resistance unit or device 54.

In practice, this keyboard operates in the following manner By depression of a key, the closing of a contact giving a sound of definite pitch is accomplished by means of a device not shown.

By this depression, the player has touched at the same time the wire 49 controlling the vlbrato; by subsequently imparting to the key a horizontal oscillation about its pivot 46, he produces a vibrato of the sound. On the other hand, owing to the variation of the resistance 54, while depressing the key, the intensity of the sound produced is as much greater as the pressure exerted on the key is stronger.

As will be seen, the arrangement of Figs. 1 and 2 comprises all the means allowing to give to the sounds their full expression: pitch of the sound, intensity of the sound and vibrato.

It is, of course understood that the electric device and current source which are not shown and form no specific or essential feature of this invention, nevertheless are controlled by the latter to produce the effects described up on the sound produced by said device, this control being' effected by the present invention controlling the electric circuits of said device. Such devices are already known and have thus been deemed superfluous to illustrate.

The arrangements in accordance with the invention can also be combined with means ensuring automatic execution (mechanical or like execution). 7

Variations of structure may be resorted to, and parts may be used without others.

Having now described my invention, I claim 1. In an electric musical instrument for controlling the circuits of an electric sound roducing device, a keyboard in whicheach ey is depressible to control an individual pitch of sound emitted by said sound producin device, a variable resistance unit arrange in circuit with said sound producmg device and having a movable member for varying the resistance of said resistance unit, means connecting said movable member with said key whereby depression of the latter will va the resistance of said resistance unit, and thereby vary the intensity of the sound emitted b said device, and means associated with sai keyboard for producing vibrato and lissando effects in the emitted sound of said device, at will.

2. In an electric musical instrument for controlling the circuits of an electric sound roducing device, a keyboard in whiclreach ey is depressible to control an individual itch of sound emitted by said sound proucing device, a variable resistance unit arranged in circuit with said sound producing device and having a movable'member for varying the resistance of said reslstance unit, means connecting said movable member with said key whereby depression of the latter will var the resistance of said resistance unit, and thereby vary the intensity of the sound emitted b said device, means associated with said keyboard for producing vibrato and glissando effects in the emitted sound of said device, including a variable condenser controlling a circuit of said sound producing device, and having a movable condenser member, and movable means associated with said condenser member and "arranged adjacent to said keyboard so as to provide for movement of the movable condenser member upon sidewise manual shifting of each key about its pivot while depressing said key.

.3. In an electric musical instrument for controlling the circuits of an electric sound producing device, a keyboard in which each ey is depressible to control an individual pitch of sound produced b said device and pivotally mounted so as to e ca l))able of pivoting in several directions, there eing a relatively wide clearance space between adjacent keys, a variable resistance unit arranged in circuit with said sound producing device and having amovable member for varying the resistance of said resistance unit, means connecting said'movable member with said key whereby depression of the latter will vary the resistance of said resistance unit, and thereby vary the intensity of the sound emitted b said device, and means associated with sai keyboard for producin and glissando effects in the emit sound of said device, including a variable condenser controlling a circuit of said sound producing device and having a movable condenser member, a tensioned member suspended adja; cent to said keyboard, and corresponding contact members individually mourted upon the keys of said keyboard, so that upon depression of each key and simultaneous sidewise shifting thereof, the contact member thereon will transmit the shift to said tensioned member and thereby effect correspondlip g movement of the movable condenser mem- 4. In an electric musical instrument for controlling the circuits of an electric sound producing device, a keyboard including a plurality of spaced keys which are individually movable in several directions and arranged to operate circuit control members upon depression thereof in order to rimaril provide fixed frequencies corresponding wit the notes of a normal gamut of music and simultaneously provide for variations in the amplitude and pitch of the sound produced by said device.

5. In an electric musical instrument for controlling the circuits of an electric sound producing device, a keyboard including a plurality of spaced keys which are individually movable in several directions and arranged to operate circuit control members upon depression thereof in order to provide fixed frequencies corresponding with notes of a normal gamut of music, to provide variations of the fixed frequencies corresponding with and producing vibrato and glissando effects in the music emitted by said device, and also to provide variations of the amplitude corresponding with and producing variations in the intensity of the music emitted.

6. In an electric musical instrument for controlling the circuits of an electric sound producing device, a keyboard including a plurality of keys which are individually depressible to control fixed frequencies in circuits of said device corresponding with notes of a normal gamut of music produced by the device, and also individually shiftable in sidewise directions in order to move a variable condenser controlling said fixed frequencies and said device in order to correspond with and produce variable effects in the pitch of the music produced by said device.

7. In an electric musicalinstrument forcontrolling the circuits of an electric soundproducing device, a keyboard including sections in which each key is both depressible to control an individual pitch of sound emitted by said sound producing device and also shiftable in sidewise directions to control gradual variations in the pitch of the sound, at will,

vibrato for glissando and .vibrato effects in thev emitted sound.

8. In an electric musical instrument for controlling the circuits of an electric sound producing device, a keyboard in which each key is depressible to select and control an individual sound produced by said device, respectively, in pitch and volume, means associated with said key providing said control including an amplitude control unit electrically associated with said device, and each key also movable in several directions in order to produce vibrato v and glissando efl'ects in the music emitted,

5 and additional fre uency control means providing for said el ects also associated electrically with said device and arranged to be operated by movements of said key in said several-directions.

2 The foregoing specification of my improvements in electric musical instruments signed by me this 23 day of July 1930.

lAURlCl-Z LOUIS EUGENE MARTENOT.

US474775A 1928-04-02 1930-08-12 Electric musical instrument Expired - Lifetime US1853630A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3288909A (en) * 1960-11-21 1966-11-29 Volodin Andrey Alexandrovich Keyboard electric musical instrument
US4068552A (en) * 1976-07-02 1978-01-17 John Allen Method of and apparatus for producing musical instrument keyboard-controlled pitch variation, tone alteration and the like
US4498365A (en) * 1983-10-14 1985-02-12 Jeff Tripp Apparatus for providing extended versatility in a keyboard-controlled musical instrument in pitch variation, tone alteration characteristics and the like
US4914999A (en) * 1987-09-04 1990-04-10 Yamaha Corporation Keyboard assembly for forming keyboard apparatus of electronic musical instrument
US5495074A (en) * 1992-05-20 1996-02-27 Yamaha Corporation Keyboard unit for electronic musical instrument having a key motion detectors
US5578782A (en) * 1993-12-27 1996-11-26 Yamaha Corporation Musical tone control device for electronic keyboard instrument
EP1325492A1 (en) * 2000-06-30 2003-07-09 Ntech Properties, Inc Keys for musical instruments and musical methods
US7723597B1 (en) * 2008-08-21 2010-05-25 Jeff Tripp 3-dimensional musical keyboard

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3288909A (en) * 1960-11-21 1966-11-29 Volodin Andrey Alexandrovich Keyboard electric musical instrument
US4068552A (en) * 1976-07-02 1978-01-17 John Allen Method of and apparatus for producing musical instrument keyboard-controlled pitch variation, tone alteration and the like
US4498365A (en) * 1983-10-14 1985-02-12 Jeff Tripp Apparatus for providing extended versatility in a keyboard-controlled musical instrument in pitch variation, tone alteration characteristics and the like
US4914999A (en) * 1987-09-04 1990-04-10 Yamaha Corporation Keyboard assembly for forming keyboard apparatus of electronic musical instrument
US5495074A (en) * 1992-05-20 1996-02-27 Yamaha Corporation Keyboard unit for electronic musical instrument having a key motion detectors
US5578782A (en) * 1993-12-27 1996-11-26 Yamaha Corporation Musical tone control device for electronic keyboard instrument
EP1325492A1 (en) * 2000-06-30 2003-07-09 Ntech Properties, Inc Keys for musical instruments and musical methods
US20040007116A1 (en) * 2000-06-30 2004-01-15 Dwight Marcus Keys for musical instruments and musical methods
EP1325492A4 (en) * 2000-06-30 2004-08-25 Ntech Properties Inc Keys for musical instruments and musical methods
US7538268B2 (en) 2000-06-30 2009-05-26 Dwight Marcus Keys for musical instruments and musical methods
US7723597B1 (en) * 2008-08-21 2010-05-25 Jeff Tripp 3-dimensional musical keyboard

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