US1852363A - Heat exchanger - Google Patents

Heat exchanger Download PDF

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Publication number
US1852363A
US1852363A US286004A US28600428A US1852363A US 1852363 A US1852363 A US 1852363A US 286004 A US286004 A US 286004A US 28600428 A US28600428 A US 28600428A US 1852363 A US1852363 A US 1852363A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
clamping
tubes
pipes
heat exchanger
tie rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US286004A
Inventor
Emile J Parent
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WHITLOCK COIL PIPE Co
Original Assignee
WHITLOCK COIL PIPE Co
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Publication date
Application filed by WHITLOCK COIL PIPE Co filed Critical WHITLOCK COIL PIPE Co
Priority to US286004A priority Critical patent/US1852363A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1852363A publication Critical patent/US1852363A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/007Auxiliary supports for elements
    • F28F9/013Auxiliary supports for elements for tubes or tube-assemblies
    • F28F9/0132Auxiliary supports for elements for tubes or tube-assemblies formed by slats, tie-rods, articulated or expandable rods
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S165/00Heat exchange
    • Y10S165/355Heat exchange having separate flow passage for two distinct fluids
    • Y10S165/40Shell enclosed conduit assembly
    • Y10S165/401Shell enclosed conduit assembly including tube support or shell-side flow director
    • Y10S165/416Extending transverse of shell, e.g. fin, baffle
    • Y10S165/426Clamped tube spacer or support

Description

pril 5, 1932. E J, PARENT 1,852,363

HEAT EXCHANGER Filed June 16, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 my nan/" bu ftozncq E. J. PARENT April 5, 1932.

HEAT EXCHANGER gnou/nto@ bu il! tonnel tf and the other Huid tubes which will Patented Apr. 5, 1932 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE :EMILE il'. PARENT, OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR T0 THE WHITLOCK COIL TIPE COMPANY, OF WEST HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT, .A CORPORATION OF CONNECTI- 'CUT HEAT IEXCHAN GER Application filed June 16,

rlhis invention relates generally to apparatus wherein an exchange of heat is eliected trom one duid to another by passing one ot the Huids through a plurality of tubes, about the tubes. As an instance of a use to which the present invention may be applied, heat exchangers of the sort for recovering heat from wastel process water may be referred to, such exchangers having a plurality of tubes positioned or suspended within the chamber of a tank or pit, the clean water to be heated being passed through the tubes and the Waste water, the heat of which is to be recovered, being passed about the tubes. While my improvements hnd peculiar application in a heat exchanger ot this sort, they are not limited thereto.

The invention relates, more particularly, to means for supporting the tubes having various features of novelty and advantage.

'llhe aim of the invention is to provide an improved arrangement for supporting the permit of a substantially unobstructed flow of water about the tubes and through the tank in which the tubes are located; which will not result in the rapid accumulation of dirt and foreign matteriin the exchanger, and which will allow the heat eX- changer to be easily and quickly cleaned when necessary.

it. turther aim of the invention is to provide tube supporting means which is very simplein construction, which may be economically manufactured, which will permit of ready and quick assembly, and which will support the tubes in proper relation.

@ther objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out more in detail hereinutter.

"lhe invention accordingly consists in the ltfeatures of construction, combination of elements and arrangement of parts which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter set tor-th and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the appended claims.

ln the accompanying drawings, wherein I have shown, for illustrative purposes, two embodiments which the present invention may take:

1928. Serial N0. 286,004.

Figure 1 is a view showing, more or less diagrammatically, a heat exchanger in cross section and in which the improvements of the present invention are incorporated;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view through a vertical series of tube` supports showing the manner in which the tubes are held;

Fig. 3 is a side View of a series of supports;

Fig. l is a perspective view of one of the clamps shown in Figs. l, 2 and 3;

Fig. 5 is a View similar to Fig. 2, but showing another embodiment;

Fig. 6 is a side elevational view of what is shown in Fig. 5; and

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of one of the clamps shown in Figs. 5 and 6.

Referring to the drawings in detail, and particularly to Figs. 1 to 4, A designates a chamber which may be in the form of a pit, the walls of which are shown by broken lines. The letter B designates one of the hangers resting upon the tops of the walls of the pit. Secured to the hanger' is a top strap C which supports depending tie rods D carrying, at their lower ends, a bottom strap E. The letter P designates the pipes.

In the present illustrative disclosures, the pipes or tubes P extend horizontally and are arranged in rows lying in vertical planes.

The pipes of adjacent rows are supported by clamping members or elements arranged in pairs which are spaced vertically by sleeve portions. The clamping elements of each pair are preferably of identical construction and are in opposed or inverted relation relative to one another so that each pair of clamping elements will embrace a. pair of pipes. In the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 to 4, the sleeve portions are integral with the clamping elements or portions, while in the embodiment shown in Figs. 5, 6 and 7 the sleeve portions are separate elements, as hereinafter explained more in detail. Referring to the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 to 4, the clamping elements are designated generally by the numeral 10 and the sleeve portions by the numeral 11. Each clamping portion has, at each end, a curved arm 12 forming aparti or semi-cylindrical seat or pocket 13. Extending through the central portion of each clamping element is an opening for accommodating a tie rod D. In this embodiment, the sleeve-like or spacing portion 11 is formed integral with the clamping element and has an opening which is a continuation of the opening 15. The clamping elements are strung or threaded on the tie rod D in pairs, the clamping elements of each pair being in opposed or inverted relation to one another so that the curved arms 12 will embrace a pair of tubes P. The pairs of clamping elements are held in spaced apart relation by interposed sleeve or spacing portions 11. The tie rods are suspended from and connected to the upper strap C by nuts 20. The clamping elements are held on the tie rod by a nut 21. The lower strap E may be secured to the tie rod by nuts 22.

In the embodiment shown in Figs. 5 to 7, the clamping elements 10 are similar to the clamping elements l0 of the preceding embodiment. The sleeve portions 11, however, are in the form of separate tubular members positioned about the tie rods be` tween the pairs of clamping elements.

From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, it will be seen that, by employing the improvements of the present invention, the tubes are rigidly supported in proper spaced apart relation in a very simple and economical manner. The supporting means for the tubes will not interfere to any large eXtent with the flow of water through the chamber A. The heating unit may be very easily cleaned.

As many changes could be made in the above construction and many apparently widely different embodiments of this invention could be made without departing from the scope thereof, it is intended that all mat-- ter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

It is also to be understood that the language used in the following claims is intend ed to cover all of the generic and specific features of the invention herein described and all statements of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might be said to fall therebetween.

I claim as my invention:

1. A heat exchanger comprising, a` plurality of horizontally extending parallel tubes arranged in two vertical rows, a rod passing downwardly between said rows of tubes, a plurality of pairs of clamping elements strung on said rod, each pair embracing two tubes, the clamping members of each pair being separate from one another, and spacing means on said rod between said pairs of elements for permitting the free flowing of the desired quantity of a fluid about and between the pipes to uniformly exchange heat between the fluid and a second fluid passing through the pipes.

2. A heat exchanger comprising, a tie rod, a plurality of horizontally extending tubes arranged in two vertical rows, a plurality of pairs of clamping elements thereon, each pairv of elements having to each side of said .rod a pair of arms adapted to embrace a tube,

and sleeve portions on said rod between said pairs of elements for spacing the same.

3. A heat exchanger comprising, a. plurality of horizontally extending tubes arranged in two vertical rows, a plurality of identical clamping elements arranged in pairs, such element having a central portion and symmetrically positioned curved sides, the clamping elements of each pair Abeing opposed and arranged to embrace a pair of tubes, sleeve portions between the pairs of clamping elements, and a rod passing centrally through said clamping elements and sleeve portions for permitting the free flowing of the'desired quantity of a fluid about and between the pipes to uniformly exchange heat between the fluid and a second fluid passing through the pipes.

4. A heat exchanger comprising, a vertically disposed tie rod, a vertical row of horizontally extending tubes to each side of said rod, a plurality of pairs of clamping elements on said rod, each clamping element having a central portion and a curved arm to each side of the central portion, the elements of each pair being opposed and tubular members on said rod between said pairs of clamping elements for permitting the free flowing of the desired quantity of a Huid about and between the pipes to uniformly exchange heat between the fluid and a second fluid passing through the pipes.

5. A heat exchanger comprising, a chamber, a plurality of tubes arranged therein in vertical and horizontal rows, a supporting element, tie rods depending therefrom,a plurality of pairs of identical clamping elements on each tie rod, and sleeve portions between the pairs of elements for spacing the same,

the elements of each pair being in opposed tubes for permitting the free flowing of the desired quantity of a fluid about and between the pipes to uniformly exchange heat between the fiuid and a second fluid passing through the pipes.

6. A heat exchanger comprising a tie rod, a plurality of clamping members on the tie rod and each having laterally extending curved arms providing pipe receiving seats, said clamping members arranged in alternate reverse order to dispose 'said seats in opposed pairs for engaging the opposite sides of pipes, and spacer sleeves arranged between each pair of clamping members for spacing the same and the pipes carried thereby apart lengthwise of the tie rod for permitting the lla'i 'tree Howing of the desired quantity of a fluid about and between the pipes to uniformly exchange heat between the fluid and a second fluid passing through the pipes.

'i'. ll heat exchanger, comprising a tie rod, a plurality of clamping members carried by the tie rod, each clamping member comprising a sleeve portion to receive the tie rod therethrough and having at one end of the sleeve portion a pair of oppositely and laterally extending seat portions facing in a direction lengthwise of the tie rod, said clamping members adapted to be disposed in reverse positions upon the tie rod with the seat portions of adjacent clamping members disposed in opposed relation for engagement against the opposite sides of pipes to secure 'the latter to the tie rod.

8. A heat exchanger, comprising a tie rod, and a plurality of clamping members slidably mounted on the tie rod, each clamping member having an axial opening therethrough for receiving the tie rod and having laterally extending sont portions facing'in the direction of the axial opening and each seat portion adapted to engage about one side of a pipe, said clamping members adapted to be disposed in reverse positions on the tie rod for registering the said seat portions in opposed relation to embrace the opposite sides ol' pipes and secure and counterbalance the latter on the hanger for permitting the free llowing of the desired quantity of a fluid about and between the pipes to uniformly exchange heat between the fluid and a second Huid passing through the pipes.

9. A heat exchanger comprising a hanger bar, a top strap secured to and offset downwardly from the hanger bar, tie rods secured at their upper ends to the top strap and depending therefrom, a bottom strapV connecting the lower ends of the tie rods, and clamping members threaded on said tie rods and disposed in consecutively reverse positions on the tie rods, each of said clamping members having at one end laterally extending curved arms providing seats and the arms arranged on adjacent ends of the clamping members tor engagement with the opposite sides of pipes for securing the latter to the tie rods.

EMILE J. PARENT.

US286004A 1928-06-16 1928-06-16 Heat exchanger Expired - Lifetime US1852363A (en)

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Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE743474C (en) * 1941-04-24 1943-12-27 Ver Kesselwerke Ag Mounting device for lying superheater
US2601964A (en) * 1947-06-26 1952-07-01 Pullman Standard Car Mfg Co Pipe support
US2765136A (en) * 1951-05-03 1956-10-02 Knapp Mills Inc Support means
US2892621A (en) * 1956-05-07 1959-06-30 Armstrong Machine Works Humidifier
US2893698A (en) * 1957-03-18 1959-07-07 Babcock & Wilcox Co Superheater tube support
US2983263A (en) * 1957-05-24 1961-05-09 Nat Beryllia Corp Ceramic supporting construction for heat transfer components
US3023989A (en) * 1958-10-21 1962-03-06 James C White Clamp and clamp assembly
US3164529A (en) * 1961-05-24 1965-01-05 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Fuel elements for nuclear reactors
US3205148A (en) * 1960-10-27 1965-09-07 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Rod cluster fuel assembly support structure for nuclear reactor
US3240681A (en) * 1961-05-24 1966-03-15 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Fuel elements for nuclear reactors
US3595309A (en) * 1968-07-31 1971-07-27 Babcock & Wilcox Ltd Heat exchanger with helically coiled tubes
US3616849A (en) * 1970-02-24 1971-11-02 Johannes C Dijt Heat exchange means
US4088184A (en) * 1976-03-10 1978-05-09 General Atomic Company Tube support and protection system for helical coil heat exchangers
FR2386799A1 (en) * 1977-04-07 1978-11-03 Combustion Eng support mounting of the tubes of a heat exchanger
US4319725A (en) * 1980-03-21 1982-03-16 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Apparatus for vertically tubing a heat exchanger
FR2500922A1 (en) * 1981-02-27 1982-09-03 Ridel Philippe Heat exchanger and water heater - with internal helicoidal serpentine with coils spaced by wedges fixed to rigid rod frame
US4384697A (en) * 1981-06-12 1983-05-24 Foster Wheeler Energy Corp. Tube bundle support structure
US4442681A (en) * 1981-09-28 1984-04-17 Fischer Harry C Ice-maker
US4579304A (en) * 1983-06-01 1986-04-01 Williams George J Tube bundle support
US4657069A (en) * 1986-03-31 1987-04-14 Deere & Company Heat exchange tube retainer
US4848452A (en) * 1988-03-28 1989-07-18 The Babcock & Wilcox Company Tube bundle support device
EP0661509A1 (en) * 1993-12-28 1995-07-05 Phillips Petroleum Company Improved rod baffle heat exchanger
US6186221B1 (en) * 1998-02-12 2001-02-13 Combustion Engineering, Inc. Heat recovery assembly
US20030019617A1 (en) * 2001-05-31 2003-01-30 Frank Hoffmeister Device for suspension of heating elements
US20040179979A1 (en) * 2001-03-14 2004-09-16 Higbee Leonard Richard Tube supporting device
US20110088885A1 (en) * 2009-10-20 2011-04-21 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Manifold fluid communication plate
WO2011113808A3 (en) * 2010-03-16 2012-02-02 Babcock Borsig Service Gmbh Retaining element and spacer plane of a tube bundle
US20140130764A1 (en) * 2011-05-05 2014-05-15 Mann + Hummel Gmbh Charge air duct for an internal combustion engine
US20140291456A1 (en) * 2013-03-27 2014-10-02 Lawrence Rego Cord support bracket
US20160245590A1 (en) * 2015-02-20 2016-08-25 Technologies Holdings Corp. Helical coil heating apparatus and method of operation
EP3054215B1 (en) * 2015-02-04 2017-04-19 Doosan Lentjes GmbH Fluidized bed heat exchanger

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE743474C (en) * 1941-04-24 1943-12-27 Ver Kesselwerke Ag Mounting device for lying superheater
US2601964A (en) * 1947-06-26 1952-07-01 Pullman Standard Car Mfg Co Pipe support
US2765136A (en) * 1951-05-03 1956-10-02 Knapp Mills Inc Support means
US2892621A (en) * 1956-05-07 1959-06-30 Armstrong Machine Works Humidifier
US2893698A (en) * 1957-03-18 1959-07-07 Babcock & Wilcox Co Superheater tube support
US2983263A (en) * 1957-05-24 1961-05-09 Nat Beryllia Corp Ceramic supporting construction for heat transfer components
US3023989A (en) * 1958-10-21 1962-03-06 James C White Clamp and clamp assembly
US3205148A (en) * 1960-10-27 1965-09-07 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Rod cluster fuel assembly support structure for nuclear reactor
US3164529A (en) * 1961-05-24 1965-01-05 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Fuel elements for nuclear reactors
US3240681A (en) * 1961-05-24 1966-03-15 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Fuel elements for nuclear reactors
US3595309A (en) * 1968-07-31 1971-07-27 Babcock & Wilcox Ltd Heat exchanger with helically coiled tubes
US3616849A (en) * 1970-02-24 1971-11-02 Johannes C Dijt Heat exchange means
US4088184A (en) * 1976-03-10 1978-05-09 General Atomic Company Tube support and protection system for helical coil heat exchangers
FR2386799A1 (en) * 1977-04-07 1978-11-03 Combustion Eng support mounting of the tubes of a heat exchanger
US4319725A (en) * 1980-03-21 1982-03-16 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Apparatus for vertically tubing a heat exchanger
FR2500922A1 (en) * 1981-02-27 1982-09-03 Ridel Philippe Heat exchanger and water heater - with internal helicoidal serpentine with coils spaced by wedges fixed to rigid rod frame
US4384697A (en) * 1981-06-12 1983-05-24 Foster Wheeler Energy Corp. Tube bundle support structure
US4442681A (en) * 1981-09-28 1984-04-17 Fischer Harry C Ice-maker
US4579304A (en) * 1983-06-01 1986-04-01 Williams George J Tube bundle support
US4657069A (en) * 1986-03-31 1987-04-14 Deere & Company Heat exchange tube retainer
US4848452A (en) * 1988-03-28 1989-07-18 The Babcock & Wilcox Company Tube bundle support device
EP0661509A1 (en) * 1993-12-28 1995-07-05 Phillips Petroleum Company Improved rod baffle heat exchanger
US6186221B1 (en) * 1998-02-12 2001-02-13 Combustion Engineering, Inc. Heat recovery assembly
US20040179979A1 (en) * 2001-03-14 2004-09-16 Higbee Leonard Richard Tube supporting device
US20030019617A1 (en) * 2001-05-31 2003-01-30 Frank Hoffmeister Device for suspension of heating elements
US8464782B2 (en) * 2009-10-20 2013-06-18 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Manifold fluid communication plate
US20110088885A1 (en) * 2009-10-20 2011-04-21 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Manifold fluid communication plate
WO2011113808A3 (en) * 2010-03-16 2012-02-02 Babcock Borsig Service Gmbh Retaining element and spacer plane of a tube bundle
US10222139B2 (en) 2010-03-16 2019-03-05 Babcock Borsig Service Gmbh Retaining element and spacer plane of a tube bundle
US20140130764A1 (en) * 2011-05-05 2014-05-15 Mann + Hummel Gmbh Charge air duct for an internal combustion engine
US20140291456A1 (en) * 2013-03-27 2014-10-02 Lawrence Rego Cord support bracket
US9222603B2 (en) * 2013-03-27 2015-12-29 Lawrence Rego Cord support bracket
EP3054215B1 (en) * 2015-02-04 2017-04-19 Doosan Lentjes GmbH Fluidized bed heat exchanger
US20160245590A1 (en) * 2015-02-20 2016-08-25 Technologies Holdings Corp. Helical coil heating apparatus and method of operation
US9897385B2 (en) * 2015-02-20 2018-02-20 Therma-Stor LLC Helical coil heating apparatus and method of operation

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