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US1829037A - Switch for signaling systems - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1829037A
US1829037A US37782229A US1829037A US 1829037 A US1829037 A US 1829037A US 37782229 A US37782229 A US 37782229A US 1829037 A US1829037 A US 1829037A
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Prior art keywords
member
mounted
switch
universally
contacts
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Bornett L Bobroff
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Bornett L Bobroff
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H23/00Tumbler or rocker switches, i.e. switches characterised by being operated by rocking an operating member in the form of a rocker button
    • H01H23/02Details
    • H01H23/025Light-emitting indicators
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05GCONTROL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS INSOFAR AS CHARACTERISED BY MECHANICAL FEATURES ONLY
    • G05G9/00Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously
    • G05G9/02Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously the controlling member being movable in different independent ways, movement in each individual way actuating one controlled member only
    • G05G9/04Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously the controlling member being movable in different independent ways, movement in each individual way actuating one controlled member only in which movement in two or more ways can occur simultaneously
    • G05G9/047Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously the controlling member being movable in different independent ways, movement in each individual way actuating one controlled member only in which movement in two or more ways can occur simultaneously the controlling member being movable by hand about orthogonal axes, e.g. joysticks
    • G05G9/04785Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously the controlling member being movable in different independent ways, movement in each individual way actuating one controlled member only in which movement in two or more ways can occur simultaneously the controlling member being movable by hand about orthogonal axes, e.g. joysticks the controlling member being the operating part of a switch arrangement
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05GCONTROL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS INSOFAR AS CHARACTERISED BY MECHANICAL FEATURES ONLY
    • G05G9/00Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously
    • G05G9/02Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously the controlling member being movable in different independent ways, movement in each individual way actuating one controlled member only
    • G05G9/04Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously the controlling member being movable in different independent ways, movement in each individual way actuating one controlled member only in which movement in two or more ways can occur simultaneously
    • G05G9/047Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously the controlling member being movable in different independent ways, movement in each individual way actuating one controlled member only in which movement in two or more ways can occur simultaneously the controlling member being movable by hand about orthogonal axes, e.g. joysticks
    • G05G2009/04703Mounting of controlling member
    • G05G2009/04707Mounting of controlling member with ball joint
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05GCONTROL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS INSOFAR AS CHARACTERISED BY MECHANICAL FEATURES ONLY
    • G05G9/00Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously
    • G05G9/02Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously the controlling member being movable in different independent ways, movement in each individual way actuating one controlled member only
    • G05G9/04Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously the controlling member being movable in different independent ways, movement in each individual way actuating one controlled member only in which movement in two or more ways can occur simultaneously
    • G05G9/047Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously the controlling member being movable in different independent ways, movement in each individual way actuating one controlled member only in which movement in two or more ways can occur simultaneously the controlling member being movable by hand about orthogonal axes, e.g. joysticks
    • G05G2009/0474Manually-actuated control mechanisms provided with one single controlling member co-operating with two or more controlled members, e.g. selectively, simultaneously the controlling member being movable in different independent ways, movement in each individual way actuating one controlled member only in which movement in two or more ways can occur simultaneously the controlling member being movable by hand about orthogonal axes, e.g. joysticks characterised by means converting mechanical movement into electric signals
    • G05G2009/04744Switches
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/20Control lever and linkage systems
    • Y10T74/20012Multiple controlled elements

Description

Oct. 27, 1931. L, BOBROFF 1,829,037

SWITCH FOR SIGNALING SYSTEMS Filed July 12, 1929 Patented Oct, 1931 PATENT OFFICE noun-r L. mason, or naonm, wrsconsmm'rcn 1'03 'sreranme mums I Applieatlea m m 1:, 1m. Berle-1 No. 371,022.

. This invention relates to switches and is particularly directeda to switches for signalmg systems, such, for instance as shown 1n my copending application for signaling sys- 8 terns for automotive vehicles, Serial Number 377,821, filed July 12, 1929. x

In driving an automobile, aeroplane, or other automotive vehicle, if the driver has to select one push button or switch from a 10 group in order to indicate a particular d rection in which he contemplates turmng, his attention will be distracted from driving and more effort will be required of him than if he merely held his hand out of the window. This invention is designed to overcome the defects noted above -"and objects of this 111- vention are to provi e a novel form'oi switch for signaling systems which em l s a smgl: operating member or lever, w 1c may moved or rocked in the general directionm which it is intended to turn, which will give the desired connections to make the appropriate indications, ,i which does not reuire any thought or efiort on the part of t e driver as he merely rocks or moves the operating member in thegeneral direction n which'he intends turning.

Further objects are to provide a switch in which a universally mounted operating member is provided, in which means are provided for constrainin the member to move alongpaths at an ang e to each other, for 1nstance, at right an les toeach other,:and 1n which a very simg) e and practical construction is employed or securing the above noted result.

Further objects are to provide a switch for a signaling s stem in which a tell-tale lamp is associate with each pair of contacts, in which the tell-tale lam s are preferably carried within the contro unit or switch, and in which novel means are provided for formin the stationary contacts as a part of the lamp sockets. I v

In greater detail, further ob ects of this invention are to provide a switch in which a series ofstationary contacts cooperate with movable contacts carried by a universally mounted movable member, and to provide means for insuring not only the selective enthat the switch co gagement of" a movable contact with the corresponding stationary contact, but also the correct alignment of a movable contact with the stationary contact it is about toengage so that there will be no undesirable angularity between engaging contacts.

Further objects are to provide a switch having the characteristics noted above, which is compact, which does not require any elaborate operations in producing it but which instead, may be simply constructed by ordinary machine shop recesses.

An embodiment o' the invention is shown in the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view through the switch, such view corresponding to 1:; section on the line 1-1 of Figure 2.

a Figure 3 is a sectional view on the line 33 of Figure 1. 4

Figure 4 is sectional view on the line 4-4 of Figure 1,".

Referri to the drawings, it will be seen rises a body portion, of fibre, bakelite or ot er insulating material. This body portion carries a central fitting or contact member 2 which is held in place by means ofa clamping nut 3 and whose lower portion is provided with an internally threaded aperture. for the reception of the conductor clam ing screw; 4. The u per portion of the tilting 2isthreaded an receives the shell or sleeve 5. This shell or sleeve is slightly contracted at its upper end so as to retain the ball 6 of the lower universally mounted member. Further, the shell is provided with slots arranged at right angles to each other for the reception of pins 7 carried by the ball 6. The ball 6 carries a spring pressed small ball 8, which, together with the spring is slidabl mounted within an aperture in the ball 6 o the lower universally mounted member. The ball 8 fits within the notched portion of the contact fittin or center contact member 2 and tends to hold the universally mounted member either in neutral position as shown, or in any of its laterall rocked positions.

The all 6 or lower universally mounted re 2-is a plan view with parts of the switc in settion and'with parts broken away.

member is provided with a pin 9 which carries an insulated ball shaped member 10. Further, the lower universally mounted member carries a spider-like contact member provided with a plurality of movable contact blades or members 11.

A plurality of stationary contacts 12 are located in a circle about the universally mounted, member and are arranged in pairs and are adapted to receive the corresponding movable contact member 11 between the adjacent bases of a pair. Preferably, the sta tionary contact members are formed integrally with sockets 13 for tell-tale lamps 14. The sockets, and consequently, the stationary contact members are provided with downwardly extending conductors 15 which proj ect through the insulating base 1 and are provided with terminal attaching screws 16, as shown most clearly in Figure 4.

The center contacts of the tell-tale lamps 14, engage the center contact members 17 (see Fig. 1). The lower ends of these members roject through the base 1 and are provide with conductor clamping screws 18. All of these center contact members 17 are connected together by means of conductor 19, as shown in Figure 4 and this conductor is grounded.

The means for moving the switch in any desired direction so as to close appropriate contacts may comprise an operating lever or handle 20 (see Fig. 1), which is carried by a socket 21 engaging the enlar ed ball portion 22 of the handle. This han le or operating member, it will be seen, is universally mounted. It is constrained to move in predetermined paths at an angle to each other by means of slots 23 formed in the upper portion of the socket 21, as shown in Figure 2. The handle may be rocked into any one of these several slots.

The ball 22 is socketed and receives the upper ball shaped end 24: of an intermediate universally mounted member which operatively connects the upper or operatin member with the lower or switch mem er, as shown in Figure 1. This intermediate member is provided with a ball 25 universally mounted within a socket 26. The sockets 21 and 26 are preferably carried by means of pillars 27 extending upwardlyfrom the base 1. The lower end of this intermediate member is provided with a socket portion 28 which receives the rounded insulating portion 10.

Obviously, when the handle is rocked in one direction the intermediate member is rocked in the other direction and the lower universally mounted switch member is rocked in the same direction as the handle.

The switch is provided with a casin which is equipped with a top 29 provided wit 1 apertures 30 through which the legends 31, carried by a transparent plate or plates 32, will appear when the appropriate tell-tale lamp is lighted. The legends 31 are painted on "the under side of the transparent plate if a single plate is used, or else is painted on the upper side of the lower plate and is covered b the upper plate if two plates are used. nder all con itions the legends are invisible until a tell-tale light is lighted which illuminates the appropriate legend of the several le ends.

As previously stated the switch is adapted to control any one of a plurality of signals such as indicated in my co ending application. For instance, the members 15 whlch are in turn connected to the stationary contacts, as shown in Figure 1, are connected to the different indicating lights 33, 34, 35 and 36 indicated diagrammatically in Figure 4. The

., center contact member is connected to one side of the battery 37, the other side of the battery being grounded. Each of the lamps has one grounded side as indicated in Figure 4.

It is-apparent that when the operating lever is swung in one direction a certain lamp of the group 33 to 36 is li hted. Similarly the ap ropriate tell-tale ligdit is lighted.

t is to be noted particularly that when this switch is used in an automotive vehicle that no thought is required of the operator as he is merely required to move the lever 20 in the intended direction of travel. This automatically connects the appropriate indicating lamp as described in my copending application and also connects the corresponding telltale lamp.

It will be seen that a very substantial and relatively simple type of signaling switch has been provided by this invention which may be readily produced by ordinary machine shop methods.

It will be seen further that the switch is extremely compact and is free from any delicate or fragile parts which are likely to get out of order.

I claim 1. A switch for a signaling s stem comprising a body portion, a move le member universally mounted upon said body portion, an operating lever universally carried by said body portion, an intermediate universally mounted lever coupling said operating lever and said movable member, whereby said mov able member rocks in same direction as said operating member, a plurality of movable contacts carried by said movable member and a plurality of stationary contacts adapted to cooperate with said movable contact.

2. A switch for a signaling system having a plurality of electrical circuits, said switch comprising a body portion, a movable member provided with contacts, said movable member being universally mounted upon said body portion, an operating lever universally mounted upon said body portion in axial alignment with said movable member an intermediate universally mounted member ope'r'atively couplin said lever and said movable member, an a plurality of stationary contacts adapted to be selectively engaged by said movable contacts.

5 3. A switch for a signaling system comprising a universally mounted member, a pluralit of stationary contacts, aplurality of mova le contacts controlled by said universally mounted member, and a second universally 10 mounted member for operating said first mentioned universally mounted member.

4. A switch for a signaling system comprising a universall mounted member, means constraining sai member to move along pre- 1 determined paths, a plurality of stationary and movable contacts whose selective enga ement is controlled by said member an a manually controlled member operatively coupled to said universally mounted member, 20 said manually controlle member being su ported independenty of said universal y mounted member.

In testimon whereof, the signature of the inventor is a xed hereto. u BORNETT L. *BOBROFF.

US1829037A 1929-07-12 1929-07-12 Switch for signaling systems Expired - Lifetime US1829037A (en)

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2416170A (en) * 1942-09-15 1947-02-18 Westinghouse Electric Corp Circuit breaker
US2507016A (en) * 1947-03-24 1950-05-09 Frank H Hesh Multiple pole switch
US2521489A (en) * 1946-04-11 1950-09-05 Sorensen Marius Switch construction
US2641663A (en) * 1949-07-28 1953-06-09 Cutler Hammer Inc Electric switch
US2644061A (en) * 1950-11-30 1953-06-30 Arrow Hart & Hegeman Electric Hermetically sealed lever operated switch
US2688670A (en) * 1953-12-15 1954-09-07 John F Waldman Vehicle directional signal
US2736014A (en) * 1956-02-21 Signal for lights of automobile
US2748206A (en) * 1948-12-10 1956-05-29 Andrews John Lewis Multiple electric switch for domestic range
US2777025A (en) * 1953-10-05 1957-01-08 Louis M Bertaud Direction indicator switch
US2808476A (en) * 1954-06-25 1957-10-01 Gen Motors Corp Electric switch
US2847873A (en) * 1958-08-19 woodson
US2849548A (en) * 1954-06-25 1958-08-26 Gen Motors Corp Electric switch
US2849549A (en) * 1956-11-13 1958-08-26 Gen Motors Corp Electric switch
US2872545A (en) * 1954-01-26 1959-02-03 James C Hobbs Remote controlled switching device
US2929258A (en) * 1957-09-18 1960-03-22 Harold J Mackway Joystick control mechanism
US2939332A (en) * 1955-05-31 1960-06-07 Rca Corp Mechanical movement
US3033946A (en) * 1960-04-06 1962-05-08 Gen Motors Corp Circuit controller
US3079481A (en) * 1961-05-19 1963-02-26 Jennings Radio Mfg Corp Multiple position vacuum switch
US3095754A (en) * 1960-06-30 1963-07-02 Burroughs Corp Control apparatus
US3226707A (en) * 1963-06-20 1965-12-28 Newman Herman Automotive message indicator
US3360620A (en) * 1965-04-02 1967-12-26 Plessey Co Ltd Universally pivotal switch actuating device
US3489027A (en) * 1967-03-16 1970-01-13 Motorola Inc Linear manipulator
US4401866A (en) * 1981-05-21 1983-08-30 Dana Corporation Lever control apparatus
US4976528A (en) * 1989-02-17 1990-12-11 Joseph Cuda Laser manipulator
FR2681469A1 (en) * 1991-09-17 1993-03-19 Jaeger Electrical Switch improves, especially for motor vehicles.
NL9401290A (en) * 1994-08-09 1996-03-01 Ligtvoet Products Bv Joystick assembly.

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2847873A (en) * 1958-08-19 woodson
US2736014A (en) * 1956-02-21 Signal for lights of automobile
US2416170A (en) * 1942-09-15 1947-02-18 Westinghouse Electric Corp Circuit breaker
US2521489A (en) * 1946-04-11 1950-09-05 Sorensen Marius Switch construction
US2507016A (en) * 1947-03-24 1950-05-09 Frank H Hesh Multiple pole switch
US2748206A (en) * 1948-12-10 1956-05-29 Andrews John Lewis Multiple electric switch for domestic range
US2641663A (en) * 1949-07-28 1953-06-09 Cutler Hammer Inc Electric switch
US2644061A (en) * 1950-11-30 1953-06-30 Arrow Hart & Hegeman Electric Hermetically sealed lever operated switch
US2777025A (en) * 1953-10-05 1957-01-08 Louis M Bertaud Direction indicator switch
US2688670A (en) * 1953-12-15 1954-09-07 John F Waldman Vehicle directional signal
US2872545A (en) * 1954-01-26 1959-02-03 James C Hobbs Remote controlled switching device
US2849548A (en) * 1954-06-25 1958-08-26 Gen Motors Corp Electric switch
US2808476A (en) * 1954-06-25 1957-10-01 Gen Motors Corp Electric switch
US2939332A (en) * 1955-05-31 1960-06-07 Rca Corp Mechanical movement
US2849549A (en) * 1956-11-13 1958-08-26 Gen Motors Corp Electric switch
US2929258A (en) * 1957-09-18 1960-03-22 Harold J Mackway Joystick control mechanism
US3033946A (en) * 1960-04-06 1962-05-08 Gen Motors Corp Circuit controller
US3095754A (en) * 1960-06-30 1963-07-02 Burroughs Corp Control apparatus
US3079481A (en) * 1961-05-19 1963-02-26 Jennings Radio Mfg Corp Multiple position vacuum switch
US3226707A (en) * 1963-06-20 1965-12-28 Newman Herman Automotive message indicator
US3360620A (en) * 1965-04-02 1967-12-26 Plessey Co Ltd Universally pivotal switch actuating device
US3489027A (en) * 1967-03-16 1970-01-13 Motorola Inc Linear manipulator
US4401866A (en) * 1981-05-21 1983-08-30 Dana Corporation Lever control apparatus
US4976528A (en) * 1989-02-17 1990-12-11 Joseph Cuda Laser manipulator
FR2681469A1 (en) * 1991-09-17 1993-03-19 Jaeger Electrical Switch improves, especially for motor vehicles.
EP0533565A1 (en) * 1991-09-17 1993-03-24 Jaeger Improved electrical commutator for automobile vehicles
NL9401290A (en) * 1994-08-09 1996-03-01 Ligtvoet Products Bv Joystick assembly.

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