US1804320A - Column construction - Google Patents

Column construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US1804320A
US1804320A US356149A US35614929A US1804320A US 1804320 A US1804320 A US 1804320A US 356149 A US356149 A US 356149A US 35614929 A US35614929 A US 35614929A US 1804320 A US1804320 A US 1804320A
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United States
Prior art keywords
column
structural
framework
fabricated
beams
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Expired - Lifetime
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US356149A
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John W Cross
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John W Cross
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/36Columns; Pillars; Struts of materials not covered by groups E04C3/32 or E04C3/34; of a combination of two or more materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/072Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/073Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements for particular building parts, e.g. corners or columns
    • E04F13/0733Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements for particular building parts, e.g. corners or columns for corners

Description

May 5, 1931.

J. W, CROSS COLUMN CONSTRUCTION 2 sheets-sheet 1 Filed April 18, 1929 if? 717m/ INVENTOR 'I'OSS BY ATToRNEYs l /f j:

I3 WITNESSES May 5, 19.31. J. w. cRpss 1,804,320

oLUMN CONSTRUCTION Filed April 18, 1929 2 sheets-sheet 2 Patented May 5, 1931 PATsT OFFICE JOHN W. onoss, on Nnw YORK, N. Y;

COLUMN oONsTRUOTION Application filed April 18,

lThis invention relates to a column construction, and refers more particularly to an improvement in decorative or ornamental columns which are especially designed to ena close and conceal the usual structural steel columns.

' Itv has heretofore been the practice in hotel lobbies, banks, theatres or the like to enclose and conceal structural'steel columns with an l Ornamental or decorative column in various ways, such as by applying hollow sectors of marble or stone around the structural column or pouring a cementitious mixture into an ornamental mold or form arranged around the structural column.

In contradistinction to this, the present invention comprehends a fabricated decorative column which includes a framework supported from and braced by the structural column and adapted to VVsupport a cementitious covering with a surface coating applied thereover to give the desired ornamental effeet.

yThe invent-ion further comprehends a yfabricated ornamental or decorative column` construction'which in addition to affording means for producing a wide variety of ornamental elfects, serves to additionally insulate and protect the structural column from fire hazards.

Other objects of the invention reside in the y comparative simplicity of construction of the column, the economy with which it may be produced and lerected and the general eliiciency derived therefrom. Y

VVith'the above` recited and other objects in view, reference ishad to the following description and accompanying drawings, in which there is exhibited one example or embodiment of the invention, vwhile the claims define the yactual scope of the same.

In the drawings- Figure4 1 is a side view of the column, partly broken away and shown in section to disclose the underlying structure. Y

' Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional view on an enlargedl scale, taken approximately on the line indicated at 2-'2 in Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a similar view taken approximately `on theline 3-3 of Figure 1.

1929. serial No. 356,149.

- Figure is a fragmentary enlarged hori zontal sectional view taken approximately on the line indicated at l4 in Figure 1.

Referringto the drawings by characters of reference, A designates a structural steel lH-column which is enclosed in the usual manner by the requisite fireproof covering B.

The ornamental column designated generally by the reference character C, is fabricated from a framework which consists of a pluvrality of vertical elements 5, preferably arfastening elements 9. Under this arrangement, it is obvious that the webs 7 *proj ect radially or outwardly from the rings or bands 8. At the lower end of the column, the framework may be supported in any suitable manner, such as by the angle ring or band 10 to which the lower endsof the uprights are bolted or attached as' lat 11.- The band or ring 10 may in turn be supported by a foot- Y ing composed of vertical angle pieces 12 and a base angle piece 13, as illustrated. In Order to pr-ovidemeans forradially bracing .V

the ornamental column C from the structural column A and to afford means for initially supporting the framework, brace stems 15 are employed, the outer ends16 of which are .thre-icled.v The threaded outer ends 16 are designed to extend through openings in the rings or bands 8 and nuts 17 and 18 clampingly engage the inner and outer peripheries of the rlngs or bands 8. The inner ends of the stems 15 areprovided with horizintally over. If it is desired, the column' shaft mayv be of gradually reducing diameters, and this may be accomplished by employing rings or bands 8 which are gradually reduced in diameter toward the upper end of the shaft, it being understood that the uprights or vertical elements will be bent to conform therewith when bolted to therings or bands 8. The capital of the .column indicated generally bby the reference character D may be Vof any desired construction, the same being illustrated in the present instance as of hollow metal suitably Vsupported and braced from the framework of thek column shaft.

What is claimed is:

l. In a tubular fabricated decorative column adapted to surround and conceal a structural column, a framework including a plurality of vertical annularly arranged elements and a plurality of horizontal vertically spaced bands secured thereto, plastic supporting material carried by the framework, aicementit-ious covering applied to said supporting material and a surface finishing coating applied over said covering.

2. In a tubular fabricated decorative column surrounding and concealing a` struc tural column, a framework including a pluralityof vertical annularly arranged elements and a plurality of vertically `spaced bands secured thereto, brace elements connected with said bands and extending radially inward therefrom, straps embracing the structural column and connected with the inner end of the brace elements, plastic supporting material carried by the frameworl a cementitiouscovering applied to said supporting materialfand a surface finishing coating appliedover said cementitious covering.

3. The combination with a structural-steel column, of a fabricated decorative column surrounding and concealing the first mentioned column, said decorative column including a framework composed of a plurality of vertical annularly arranged T-beams having vthe base flangesdisposed inwardly and the webs projecting radially and a plurality of vertically spaced bands secured to the innerr sides of said base flanges of the T-beams,

" brace rods anchored toV said bancs and eX- tending radially inward therefrom and strap sections embracing the structural column and connected withrthe brace rods.

l. The combination with a structuralY steel column, of a fabricated decorative column surrounding and concealing the first mentioned column, said decorative column including a framework composed of a plurality of vertical annularly arranged T-beams having the base flanges disposed inwardly and the webs projecting radially and a plurality vof vertically spaced bands secured to the inner sides of said base flanges of the T- beams, brace rods anchored to said bands and extending radially inward therefrom, strap sections embracing the structural column and connected with the brace rods, plastic supporting material attached to the webs of the T-beams and bridging the space therebetween, a cementitious covering applied to said supporting material and a surface finishing coating applied over said covering.

5. The combination with a structuralsteel column, of a fabricated decorative column surrounding and concealing the first inentioned column, said decorative column including a framework composed of a plurality of vertical annularly arranged T-beams .having the base flanges disposed inwardly and the webs projecting radially and a plurality of vertically spaced bands secured to the inner sid-es of said base flanges of the T-beams, brace rods anchored to said bands and extending' radially inward therefrom, strap sections embracing` the structural column and connected with the brace rods, plastic supporting materia-l attached to the webs of the T-beams and bridging the space therebetween, a. cementitious covering applied to said supporting material, a surface finishing coating appliedr over said covering and arris strips attached to the webs` of the T-beams and disposed flush with the surface finishing coating.

6. The combination with a structural steel column, of a fabricated decorative column surrounding and concealing the first mentioned column, said decorative column including a framework composed of a plurality of vertically disposed equi-distantly spaced elements surrounding the structural column and a plurality of vertically` spaced bands secured to said vertical elements and means for supporting the framework from and bracing the same by the structural column including brace rods connected with the bandsA and extending radially inward, strap sections encompassing the structuralvcolumn and provided with outturned aperturedears, eyes formed at the inner end of the brace rods disposed between said apertured ears and bolts extending throughvthe apertured ears and the eyes of'saidbrace rods.

7. Ar hollow fabricated decorative column adapted to surround and .conceal a structural column, said decorative column including a supporting framework, the supporting framework being adjustable relatively to the structural column, means for bracing the framework in adjusted position relatively to llC the structural column, a plastic supporting material carried by the framework, and a c-ementitious covering applied to said supporting material.

8, A hollow fabricated column adapted to conceal a structural column, said-fabricated column including a supporting framework, the supporting framework being adjustable relatively to the structural column, radial means for bracing the framework in adjusted position relatively to the structural column, and plastic supporting material carried by the framework.

9. The combination with a structural member of a fabricated member surrounding and concealing the structural member, said fabricated member including a framework com posed of a plurality of vertically disposed T-beams having their webs disposed radially, a plurality'of vertically spaced bands secured to the base flanges of the T-beams, brace rods anchored to the said bands and extending inwardly therefrom, and a strap secured to the structural column and oonnected to the brace rods.

l0. rI'he combination with a structural member of a fabricated member, said fabricated member 'including a plurality of vertically disposed T-beams having their webs disposed radially, brace means to connect the T-beams with the structural member, and plastic supportingmaterial secured to the webs of the T-beams.

1l. rlhe combination with` a structural member of a fabricated member, said fabricated member including a plurality of vertically disposed T-beams having their Webs disposed radially, brace means toconnect the T-beams with the structural member, plastic supporting material secured to the webs of the Tbeams, an arris secured to a web of a T-beam, and cemen-titious material on the plastic support material and engaging

US356149A 1929-04-08 1929-04-08 Column construction Expired - Lifetime US1804320A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US356149A US1804320A (en) 1929-04-08 1929-04-08 Column construction

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US356149A US1804320A (en) 1929-04-08 1929-04-08 Column construction

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2911817A (en) * 1954-01-12 1959-11-10 Smith John Edward Prefabricated wall
US3473279A (en) * 1967-02-15 1969-10-21 Willy Buehler Ag Base embedded,sectional metal shaft
US3987593A (en) * 1972-08-25 1976-10-26 Lars Svensson Posts
EP0337378A1 (en) * 1988-04-14 1989-10-18 MENZEL-LEUCHTEN GMBH & CO KG Decorative column for dwellings and similar buildings as well as method for their manufacturing
US6065268A (en) * 1998-06-03 2000-05-23 Gump; Duane E. Floor jack covering device
US6123485A (en) * 1998-02-03 2000-09-26 University Of Central Florida Pre-stressed FRP-concrete composite structural members
US20030222188A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-04 Smelser James M. Bearing brace apparatus
US20030221389A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-04 Smelser James M Bearing brace apparatus
US20040060257A1 (en) * 2000-06-19 2004-04-01 Frank Venegas Stanchion covers
US6718723B1 (en) * 1999-01-09 2004-04-13 Al-Tuhami AbuZeid Al-Tuhami Method and apparatus for strengthening the concrete elements using prestressing confinement
US20050050837A1 (en) * 2003-09-08 2005-03-10 Jiaduo Wang Meshed (porous) steel pipe/tube used as concrete reinforcement
US20080190067A1 (en) * 2004-06-01 2008-08-14 Coscia Edward A Lolly Column Easy Framer
US20090065038A1 (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-12 David Freyman Demountable and reusable canopy
US20100154352A1 (en) * 2007-02-16 2010-06-24 Fypon, Ltd Structural column wrap assembly
US20100218708A1 (en) * 2009-02-27 2010-09-02 Heath Carr Methods of reinforcing structures against blast events
US20120174522A1 (en) * 2009-09-11 2012-07-12 Prass Gregor Tower for a Wind Power Station and Method for Erecting a Tower for a Wind Power Station
US9567744B2 (en) * 2013-10-21 2017-02-14 Tsinghua University Impact resisting column assembly of a train station
US10519658B1 (en) * 2018-08-10 2019-12-31 Herron Intellectual Property, Llc High strength, low density columnar structure

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2911817A (en) * 1954-01-12 1959-11-10 Smith John Edward Prefabricated wall
US3473279A (en) * 1967-02-15 1969-10-21 Willy Buehler Ag Base embedded,sectional metal shaft
US3987593A (en) * 1972-08-25 1976-10-26 Lars Svensson Posts
EP0337378A1 (en) * 1988-04-14 1989-10-18 MENZEL-LEUCHTEN GMBH & CO KG Decorative column for dwellings and similar buildings as well as method for their manufacturing
US4961258A (en) * 1988-04-14 1990-10-09 Menzel-Leuchten Gmbh & Co. Kg Decorative column for housing requirements and similar purposes and a method of manufacturing such a column
US6123485A (en) * 1998-02-03 2000-09-26 University Of Central Florida Pre-stressed FRP-concrete composite structural members
US6065268A (en) * 1998-06-03 2000-05-23 Gump; Duane E. Floor jack covering device
US6718723B1 (en) * 1999-01-09 2004-04-13 Al-Tuhami AbuZeid Al-Tuhami Method and apparatus for strengthening the concrete elements using prestressing confinement
US20040060257A1 (en) * 2000-06-19 2004-04-01 Frank Venegas Stanchion covers
US20090211180A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2009-08-27 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US20030221389A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-04 Smelser James M Bearing brace apparatus
US20040206042A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2004-10-21 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US20040206591A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2004-10-21 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US7762026B2 (en) 2002-05-29 2010-07-27 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US7174680B2 (en) * 2002-05-29 2007-02-13 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US7284358B2 (en) 2002-05-29 2007-10-23 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Methods of manufacturing bearing brace apparatus
US20030222188A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-04 Smelser James M. Bearing brace apparatus
US20080083173A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2008-04-10 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US7716882B2 (en) * 2002-05-29 2010-05-18 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US7305799B2 (en) * 2002-05-29 2007-12-11 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US20050050837A1 (en) * 2003-09-08 2005-03-10 Jiaduo Wang Meshed (porous) steel pipe/tube used as concrete reinforcement
US7448180B1 (en) 2004-06-01 2008-11-11 Coscia Edward A Lolly column easy framer
US20080190067A1 (en) * 2004-06-01 2008-08-14 Coscia Edward A Lolly Column Easy Framer
US20100154352A1 (en) * 2007-02-16 2010-06-24 Fypon, Ltd Structural column wrap assembly
US20090065038A1 (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-12 David Freyman Demountable and reusable canopy
US7640703B2 (en) 2007-09-10 2010-01-05 David Freyman Demountable and reusable canopy
US20100218708A1 (en) * 2009-02-27 2010-09-02 Heath Carr Methods of reinforcing structures against blast events
US8713891B2 (en) * 2009-02-27 2014-05-06 Fyfe Co., Llc Methods of reinforcing structures against blast events
US20120174522A1 (en) * 2009-09-11 2012-07-12 Prass Gregor Tower for a Wind Power Station and Method for Erecting a Tower for a Wind Power Station
US9328528B2 (en) * 2009-09-11 2016-05-03 Timber Tower Gmbh Tower for a wind power station
US9567744B2 (en) * 2013-10-21 2017-02-14 Tsinghua University Impact resisting column assembly of a train station
US10519658B1 (en) * 2018-08-10 2019-12-31 Herron Intellectual Property, Llc High strength, low density columnar structure

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