US1785643A - Internal-combustion power plant - Google Patents

Internal-combustion power plant Download PDF

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US1785643A
US1785643A US21973427A US1785643A US 1785643 A US1785643 A US 1785643A US 21973427 A US21973427 A US 21973427A US 1785643 A US1785643 A US 1785643A
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Prior art keywords
generator
piston
reciprocating
engine
free
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Noack Walter Gustav
Freudenreich Jean De
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Noack Walter Gustav
Freudenreich Jean De
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02PCONTROL OR REGULATION OF ELECTRIC MOTORS, ELECTRIC GENERATORS OR DYNAMO-ELECTRIC CONVERTERS; CONTROLLING TRANSFORMERS, REACTORS OR CHOKE COILS
    • H02P9/00Arrangements for controlling electric generators for the purpose of obtaining a desired output
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S60/00Power plants
    • Y10S60/91Free piston

Description

Dec. 16, 1930. w. G. NoAcK ETAL 1,785,643

' INTERNAL COMBUSTION POWER PLANT Filed Sept. 15. 1927 i Patented Dec. 416,1973() WALTER GUsTAv NoAcKANn JEAN DE F'REUDENREICH, o F BADEN, SWITZERLAND INTERNAL-COMBUSTIO POWER PLANT Application filed September 15, 1927, Serial No. 219,734, and in Switzerland April 25, 1927.

It has already been proposed to produce the working fluid for gas turbines in special machines in which the explosive mixture is given a certain amount of compression, exploded or U burned' and then partly expanded. These operations are conducted under high pressures and temperatures, and for this purpose the reciprocating engine has proved more 1 suitable than the turbine. The production of the working fluid is therefore preferably carried out by reciprocating engines, of which the so-called free piston (or iiying piston) engine is to be particularlyrecommended. Free piston engines have the advantage over the crank and connecting-rod type in having n0 connecting rod, crank shaft or bearings, and are inconsequence cheaper and mechanically simpler, allowing higher piston pressures and piston velocities, and a higherfstroke perio- ,39 dicity. These attributes are of particular importance in plants of the above description,

p since the production ofthe working fluid is an auxiliary function and the machine serving this purpose is only an auxiliarymachine and Zr should therefore be simple and inexpensive in design. The main engine in which the working fluid is made to do useful work is the gas turbine. The ordinary type of free piston engine having no crank or flywheel is uneven in operation, has very littleoverload capacity and 1s easily stalled; In order to overcome these drawbacksit has already been proposed to couple the freepiston engine to a reciprocating electrical generator, which is connected either to a large electrical system or to a Viiywheel generator which takes over the equalizing functions of a flywheel and by virtue of its inherent synchronizing power ensures .uni- 4 form running of the free piston. engine. By suitably designing the electrical equipmentit is also possible to increase the working periodicity ofthe reciprocating part of the machine above that obtainable when using `the piston forces alone.

The present invention relates to an internal combustion power plant in which the working substance, consisting of very hot gas under high pressure, is produced in a recipro- 5 eating engine and expanded to do useful work in a gas turbine, the reciprocating engine being of the free piston type and coupled to a reciprocating elec trical generator for the purpose of securing uniform running. The current obtained from this generator may be used to drive a motor for operating other auxiliary machines, or the two generators, i. e.

the reciprocating generator and the rotary generator driven by the gas turbine, may be operated in parallel. In either case the primary obj ect pf ele machines is to ens ctrically connecting the two ure the uniform working of v the free piston engine. Should the free piston engine fall out of step, or be in danger of stalling for example owing to ignition trouble or other reasons, then either the motor driving the auxiliaries (which would then work as a generator) or the main generator would act as a flywheel ditions had been until 'proper Vworking conrestored.

To secure the necessaryv reliability for the gas turbinewith the materials at present available, it is essential thatl the working Huid should not exceed a certain maximum temperature. The less'the expansion in the first row of nozzles the lower will be this maximum temperature.

In order that the allowable temperature for the blades shall not be exceeded avoid using rich it is necessary either to mixtures or to cool the exhaustn gases as they leave the internal combustion engine by the addition of cold air. This may be performed in a mixing chamber immediately before the gas turbine. same result is obtainable by an abundant use The compressor as small as possible the air should be pre-compresse called superchar d. For this purpose a so-v ging blower is employed which may be either driven bya motor whichdraws its current fromcthe reciprocating generator, or cou or gas turbine.

pled to ther main generator The simplest arrangement of plant is obtained when no attempt is made to use the reciprocating generator for power supply purposes its function being confined to that of a stabilizer Jfor the free piston engine. In this case the whole of the power developed by the free piston engine is applied to the compression of air in the piston compressor, and the reciprocating generator, although electrically coupled either to the main electrical machine or to a `special flywheel generator, runs practically unloaded. A transfer of electrical energy between the two machines takes place only if the strokes of the free piston engine commence to lead or lag on `the uniform rotational motion of the main generator or aforesaid flywheel generator. Such an arrangement permits the 'reciprocating generator (and flywheel generator) to be designed for a mere fraction of the power developed by the free piston engine, sincethe full output is only required for extremely short periods of time, for example, during a few strokes or even a portion of a stroke, and under these conditions the electrical equipment may be safely loaded up to many times its normal rating.

The production of working fluid for a gas turbine would not ordinarily be carried out in a single free piston engine, but a number of such units would be installed. These units would be electric-ally coupled by means of their associated reciprocating generators and uniform working could then be ensured by a single rotary generator, or,l in the event of power for driving purposes being required from the reciprocatmg generators, a single motor would suffice. It is then an advantage to design the rotary generator or motor as a polyphase machine and to connect each phase with one or more single-phase reciprocating generators. This will also ensure that the motions of the reciprocating parts of the free piston engines are in a definite phase relationship. For example by making the rotary generator or motor a three-phase machine the motions of the tree piston engines are fixed at 1200 apart and practically complete balance of the moving parts is obtained.

Two examples of internal combustion power plants embodying the present invention are i'illustrated diagrammatically `in the accompanying drawings. 1

Figure 1 shows a plant in which the free piston engine which exhausts into and drives a gas turbine, supplies energy to a reciprocating generator, the current from which is passed to the main generator to which the compressor for scavenging and supercharging the free piston engine is also coupled.

Figure 2 shows a modified arrangement, in which the power-developed by the free piston engine is employed to drive a piston type compressor, while the reciprocating generator is used simply to secure uniformity of Working.

In the two figures the reference character 1 denotes the tree piston engine, 2 an equalizing'chamber for the exhaust gases, 3 the gas turbine, 4 the main generator, and 5 ablower for supplying scavenging air or air for combustion, which latter may be more or less pre-compressed. The pistons 6 and 7 are attached to the field magnet 8 of the reciprocating generator by means of piston rods. The reciprocating motion of the field generates an alternating current in the windings (not shown in the drawing) of the stator 9 and this current is led through the conductors 10 to the main generator 4, where .it supplies the power for ndriving the blower 5. A

In the plant shown in Fig. 2 the free piston engine drives a piston type compressor having pistonsll and 12 carried on the same rods as the eld magnet 8 of the reciprocating generator. This latter does not supply power for external purposes, but drives an auxiliary electrical machine 13 which is provided with a flywheel 14 to increase the inertia of the revolving masses. A blower 5 coupled to the main generator is used to pre-compress the air supplied to the piston compressor in order to permit a shorter stroke to be use-d. This air is further compressed by the said piston 'compressor and is then used as scavenging and combustion air in the free piston engine. The exhaust gases from the latter, which are still at a high pressure and temperature, are then passed on to the gas turbine 3.

The auxiliary machine 13 is coupled to elec-A trical machine 15 which is electrically connected to the main generator by the leads 16. This machine 15 enables surplus energy to be transferred to or if necessary withdrawn from the main generator, even whenthe periodicities of the reciprocating and main generators are not the same. This condition would arise, for instance,if the stroke periodicityof the free piston engine were lower than the frequency ofthe system supplied by the main generator.

Instead of a single free piston engine there may be any number of such units, all connected to the aforesaid main or auxiliary generator. As before, uniformityof working is obtained by the action of the equalizing cur- .rents which are developed whenever the motions of the reciprocating generators are advanced or retarded with respect to the uni- 'orm rotational motion of the single main or auxiliary generator.

What we claim is:

1. Internal combustion power. plant comprising, in combination, a gas turbine, an electric generator driven by said gas turbine, a reciprocating engine of the free or flying piston type the expandedworking Huid of which operates the gas turbine, a reciprocating electric generator driven by the aforesaid reciprocating engine, and electric coupling means between the said reciprocating electric generator and the electric generator driven from the gas turbine, as and for the purpose set forth. i

2. An electrical generating plant comprising a turbine, a rotary electrical generator driven thereby, a reciprocating engine, a reciprocating generator driven therefrom, electrical means coupling said generators, said coupling means including an electrical machine of the rotary type connected to the reciprocating generator, a ily Wheel mechanically coupled to the said electrical machine, and a second electrical machine, the latter machine being electrically connected With the rotary generator. i

3. An electrical generating plant comprising a turbine, a rotary generator driven by the turbine, a reciprocatin engine, a reciprocating generator driven t ereby, means for electrically coupling the generators, a blower coupled With the rotary generator, a compressor connected With the reciprocating generator, said coupling means including an electrical machine connected with the reciprocating enerator, a second electrical machine, a flyw ieel mechanically connected to the second machine, said second machine being electrically connected Witli the rotary generator.

In testimony whereof We have signed our names to thisspecication.

`WALTER GUSTAV'NOACK. JEAN DE FREUDENREICH.

US1785643A 1927-04-25 1927-09-15 Internal-combustion power plant Expired - Lifetime US1785643A (en)

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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2415110A (en) * 1943-08-02 1947-02-04 Pescara Raul Pateras Power plant
US2545861A (en) * 1946-03-16 1951-03-20 Neu Sa Device utilizing the thermal-pump principle for the production of heat and cold
US2581600A (en) * 1941-09-03 1952-01-08 Participations Soc Et Free piston motor compressor
US2899565A (en) * 1957-02-07 1959-08-11 Method and apparatus for energy conversion
US2900592A (en) * 1958-10-03 1959-08-18 Baruch Sydney Norton Power sources
US2904701A (en) * 1957-06-07 1959-09-15 Stirling A Colgate Electrical generator and driving engine unitary therewith
US2966148A (en) * 1956-12-18 1960-12-27 Jarret Jacques Henri Floating piston engines
US3105153A (en) * 1960-08-05 1963-09-24 Exxon Research Engineering Co Free-piston generator of electric current
US3247406A (en) * 1961-10-03 1966-04-19 Toesca Rene Antoine Michel Electromechanical energy converting device
US3326087A (en) * 1963-03-01 1967-06-20 Teves Kg Alfred Hydraulic control system
US3443111A (en) * 1966-01-27 1969-05-06 Generateurs Jarret Sa Soc Alternator
US3712276A (en) * 1970-09-08 1973-01-23 B Foster Engine and gas generator
US4213428A (en) * 1977-02-22 1980-07-22 Phecell Bradley Electromagnetic augmentation of internal combustion engines
US4270054A (en) * 1980-04-25 1981-05-26 Dowd Norton W Power plant
US4281255A (en) * 1978-07-03 1981-07-28 Sherman Victor L Source of energy and a method of generating energy
US4454426A (en) * 1981-08-17 1984-06-12 New Process Industries, Inc. Linear electromagnetic machine
US4480599A (en) * 1982-09-09 1984-11-06 Egidio Allais Free-piston engine with operatively independent cam
US4532431A (en) * 1981-10-02 1985-07-30 Cuv "Progress" Method and apparatus for producing electrical energy from a cyclic combustion process utilizing coupled pistons which reciprocate in unison
US4862021A (en) * 1987-12-10 1989-08-29 Larocca Edward W Explosively driven power supply
US5038061A (en) * 1990-05-25 1991-08-06 Olsen John H Linear actuator/motor
US5813371A (en) * 1996-11-04 1998-09-29 Peel; George Keith Computerized internal supercharged engine-pump
US6199519B1 (en) * 1998-06-25 2001-03-13 Sandia Corporation Free-piston engine
US7318506B1 (en) * 2006-09-19 2008-01-15 Vladimir Meic Free piston engine with linear power generator system
US8127544B2 (en) 2010-11-03 2012-03-06 Paul Albert Schwiesow Two-stroke HCCI compound free-piston/gas-turbine engine
DE102011101018A1 (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-11-15 Herbert Weh Internal combustion engine and flywheel mass assembly for carrying out mechanical-electrical direct conversion in vehicles, has transducer, which is designed in similar helical magnetic pole in outer rotatable machine part
US8947185B2 (en) 2010-07-12 2015-02-03 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic system
US8963380B2 (en) 2011-07-11 2015-02-24 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC. System and method for power generation system
US9105384B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2015-08-11 Correlated Megnetics Research, Llc. Apparatus and method for printing maxels
US9169772B2 (en) 2013-03-27 2015-10-27 Differential Dynamics Corporation One-stroke internal combustion engine
US9257219B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2016-02-09 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System and method for magnetization
US9275783B2 (en) 2012-10-15 2016-03-01 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System and method for demagnetization of a magnetic structure region
US9298281B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2016-03-29 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic vector sensor positioning and communications system
US9367783B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2016-06-14 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetizing printer and method for re-magnetizing at least a portion of a previously magnetized magnet

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2581600A (en) * 1941-09-03 1952-01-08 Participations Soc Et Free piston motor compressor
US2415110A (en) * 1943-08-02 1947-02-04 Pescara Raul Pateras Power plant
US2545861A (en) * 1946-03-16 1951-03-20 Neu Sa Device utilizing the thermal-pump principle for the production of heat and cold
US2966148A (en) * 1956-12-18 1960-12-27 Jarret Jacques Henri Floating piston engines
US2899565A (en) * 1957-02-07 1959-08-11 Method and apparatus for energy conversion
US2904701A (en) * 1957-06-07 1959-09-15 Stirling A Colgate Electrical generator and driving engine unitary therewith
US2900592A (en) * 1958-10-03 1959-08-18 Baruch Sydney Norton Power sources
US3105153A (en) * 1960-08-05 1963-09-24 Exxon Research Engineering Co Free-piston generator of electric current
US3247406A (en) * 1961-10-03 1966-04-19 Toesca Rene Antoine Michel Electromechanical energy converting device
US3326087A (en) * 1963-03-01 1967-06-20 Teves Kg Alfred Hydraulic control system
US3443111A (en) * 1966-01-27 1969-05-06 Generateurs Jarret Sa Soc Alternator
US3712276A (en) * 1970-09-08 1973-01-23 B Foster Engine and gas generator
US4213428A (en) * 1977-02-22 1980-07-22 Phecell Bradley Electromagnetic augmentation of internal combustion engines
US4281255A (en) * 1978-07-03 1981-07-28 Sherman Victor L Source of energy and a method of generating energy
US4270054A (en) * 1980-04-25 1981-05-26 Dowd Norton W Power plant
US4454426A (en) * 1981-08-17 1984-06-12 New Process Industries, Inc. Linear electromagnetic machine
US4532431A (en) * 1981-10-02 1985-07-30 Cuv "Progress" Method and apparatus for producing electrical energy from a cyclic combustion process utilizing coupled pistons which reciprocate in unison
US4480599A (en) * 1982-09-09 1984-11-06 Egidio Allais Free-piston engine with operatively independent cam
US4862021A (en) * 1987-12-10 1989-08-29 Larocca Edward W Explosively driven power supply
US5038061A (en) * 1990-05-25 1991-08-06 Olsen John H Linear actuator/motor
US5813371A (en) * 1996-11-04 1998-09-29 Peel; George Keith Computerized internal supercharged engine-pump
US6199519B1 (en) * 1998-06-25 2001-03-13 Sandia Corporation Free-piston engine
US7318506B1 (en) * 2006-09-19 2008-01-15 Vladimir Meic Free piston engine with linear power generator system
US9269482B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2016-02-23 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetizing apparatus
US9536650B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2017-01-03 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic structure
US9105384B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2015-08-11 Correlated Megnetics Research, Llc. Apparatus and method for printing maxels
US9367783B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2016-06-14 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetizing printer and method for re-magnetizing at least a portion of a previously magnetized magnet
US8947185B2 (en) 2010-07-12 2015-02-03 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic system
US9111672B2 (en) 2010-07-12 2015-08-18 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC. Multilevel correlated magnetic system
US8127544B2 (en) 2010-11-03 2012-03-06 Paul Albert Schwiesow Two-stroke HCCI compound free-piston/gas-turbine engine
DE102011101018A1 (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-11-15 Herbert Weh Internal combustion engine and flywheel mass assembly for carrying out mechanical-electrical direct conversion in vehicles, has transducer, which is designed in similar helical magnetic pole in outer rotatable machine part
DE102011101018B4 (en) * 2011-05-10 2017-04-20 Herbert Weh Engine drive unit having mechanical-electrical conversion in direct oscillating drive
US8963380B2 (en) 2011-07-11 2015-02-24 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC. System and method for power generation system
US9257219B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2016-02-09 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System and method for magnetization
US9275783B2 (en) 2012-10-15 2016-03-01 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System and method for demagnetization of a magnetic structure region
US9298281B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2016-03-29 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic vector sensor positioning and communications system
US9588599B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2017-03-07 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic vector sensor positioning and communication system
US9169772B2 (en) 2013-03-27 2015-10-27 Differential Dynamics Corporation One-stroke internal combustion engine

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