US173938A - Improvement in surveyors leveling-targets - Google Patents

Improvement in surveyors leveling-targets Download PDF

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US173938A
US173938A US173938DA US173938A US 173938 A US173938 A US 173938A US 173938D A US173938D A US 173938DA US 173938 A US173938 A US 173938A
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rod
leveling
target
targets
surveyors
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00
    • G01C15/02Means for marking measuring points
    • G01C15/06Surveyors' staffs; Movable markers

Description

E. A. GI ESELER.
Y summons. LEVELING TARGET. V No.173,93a. Patented. Feb. 22,1876.
K572421404: I llzmzlb'rk v Mn de/ N.PETERS PHOTOLITHQGRAPHEH, WASHINGTON. D C.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ERNST A. GIESELER, OF NEW. YORK, N. Y.
IMPROVEMENT I N SURVE YORS LEVELING-TARGETS.
Specification'forming part of Letters Patent No. 173.938, dated February 22, 1876; application filed January 15, 1876. l
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, ERNST AUGUST GIEsE- LER, of New York city, in the county and State of New York, have invented a new and -Improved Surveyors Leveling-Target, of
which the following isa specification:
This invention relates to an improved leveling-target for surveyors, which will enable the surveyor to ascertain whether the leveling-rod is held perpendicular, or whether it is inclined toward or away from the instrument.
Heretofore. in taking levels the surveyors, although able to ascertain whether the leveling-rods were inclined sidewise, could not discern with certainty whether the rods leaned toward the leveling-instrument or away from the same, and serious errors were, therefore, frequently made, as every observation is incorrect unless the rod is held absolutely plumb.
The present invention consists, principally, in combining with the ordinary perforated target of the leveling-rod a'secoud larger target placed behind said rod, and provided with a horizontal center-line, which, when the rod is plumb, will coincide with a similar dividing-line on the front target, and the observer will, when the two lines do not coincide, be thereby informed that the rod is not vertical.
The invention also consists in the combination of said two targets with a diopter, by which the rod-man himself will be enabled to place the rod plumb, and yet always keep the observer properly in view.
In the accompanying drawing, Figure 1 is a horizontal transverse section of my improved leveling-target. Fig. 2 is a face view thereof; Fig. 8, a horizontal transverse section of a modification thereof. Fig. 4 is a side view, on a reduced scale, of the rod and instrument, showing the rod to be provided with my improved target, and held perpendicular. Fig. 5 is a similar view as Fig. 4, but showing the rod inclined.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
The letter A represents a leveling-rod of suitable or convenient construction, and graduated in the usual manner. a is the slide or sleeve embracing the rod A, and attached to the perforated target 8, which is situated in shorter than usually-4. 0., in horizontal direction. The slide a carries also the rear target G, which is longer than the front target B, and behind the rod A its greater length horizontally allowing it to be seen at either or both sides of the target B, as clearly shown in Fig. 2. The rear target 0 may be perforated to admit the set-screw f, as shown. The face of the rear target 0 is also bisected by a horizontal line, 0 e, which, whenever the rod is held quite plumb, will be in line Witllrthfl line 0 c, as shown in Fig. 2. If, however, the rod is inclined, as in Fig. 5, the lines 0 c and e 6 will not coincide, and the operator will thus be informed of the wrong position of the rod.
I prefer to set the target 0 as far away from the target B as practicable, and rather to extend the slide a backward for that purpose, as in Fig. 1, than bring the target 0 close to the rod, as in Fig. 3, for the reason that the greater the distance between the two targets the more readily will the operatorobserve the slightest degree of inclination of the rod.
.ly in front of the hole g, and in the line 0 0.
The rod-man in looking through the hole 9 toward the point or mark It will sight the instrument D only if the rod is plumb; otherwise he will look down or up, as at i i in Fig. 5. The diopter may be formed by two holes, one in and the diopter in the double targets serves,
therefore, a double purpose.
When an extension-rod is used, on which the targets arecarried above reach of the rodman a spirit-level should be used on the connecting-slide of the rod-sections, if it is desired to give the rod-man any opportunity of lmowing when the rod is absolutely vertical.
1 claim as my invention- I 1. The perforated leveling-target B, combined with the larger rear target 0, having -1ine e substantially as and for the purpose herein shown and described.
2. In combination with the two targets B and O of a leveling-rod, the diopter g h, applied substantially as specified.
E. A. GIESELER.
Witnesses:
ERNEST G. WEBB,. F. V. BRIESEN.
US173938D Improvement in surveyors leveling-targets Expired - Lifetime US173938A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4488809A (en) * 1982-04-19 1984-12-18 Grumman Aerospace Corporation Planizing target
US8572856B1 (en) * 2010-11-22 2013-11-05 Levi Vannoy Adjustable grade finder
US11105628B1 (en) * 2021-02-24 2021-08-31 Toughbuilt Industries, Inc. Extendable grade rod receiver

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4488809A (en) * 1982-04-19 1984-12-18 Grumman Aerospace Corporation Planizing target
US8572856B1 (en) * 2010-11-22 2013-11-05 Levi Vannoy Adjustable grade finder
US11105628B1 (en) * 2021-02-24 2021-08-31 Toughbuilt Industries, Inc. Extendable grade rod receiver

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