US1703411A - Valve - Google Patents

Valve Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1703411A
US1703411A US20626127A US1703411A US 1703411 A US1703411 A US 1703411A US 20626127 A US20626127 A US 20626127A US 1703411 A US1703411 A US 1703411A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
body
valve
casing
passages
straight
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Theodore A Steinmetz
Original Assignee
Theodore A Steinmetz
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/04Valves; Valve controls
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/877With flow control means for branched passages
    • Y10T137/87829Biased valve
    • Y10T137/87837Spring bias
    • Y10T137/87861Spring coaxial with valve
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/877With flow control means for branched passages
    • Y10T137/87909Containing rotary valve

Description

Feb. 26, 1929.

T. A. STEINMETZ VALVE Filed July 16, 1927 7/2eaaor e A. Sfe inmefz 7 0. ATTORNEY Patented Feb. 26, 1929.

UNITED STATES THEODORE A. STEINMETZ, OF ST. CLOUD, MINNESOTA.

VALVE.

Application filed July 16,

This invention relates to a valve for wind instruments, particularly horns. The invention is not confined to the valve only, but resides also in the construction whereby cooperation of several such valves maybe obtained and whereby such valves may be applied to a horn or other musical instrument. The valve may also be used generally in the mechanic arts.

Referring now to the drawings, Fig. 1 shows a side elevation of a fragment of a horn having three of my valves mounted thereon in cooperative relation,

Figure 9 is an end elevation in section taken along the line 22 of 1, and

Figure 3 is a perspective view t one of the valves.

Referring now to 2 and 3, 1 indicates an outer cylindrical casing and 2 an inner cylindrical casing closely fitting the outer one and rotatable therein The outer casing is preferably a drawn or spun piece oi? metal closed as to one end except for two openings therein, while the inner piece may be a cast ing. The inner cylinder has four openings in its front face and two in its rear, the two rear o ienings registerable with those ot the casing. Thus there are two passages 3 and 3 extending completely thru the cylinder when register is accomplished and one passage 4 which alters its direction in the cylinder and emerges trom the same face into which it entered.

From the central axis of the inner case a shaft emerges on both sides thereof, the portion emerging and the front tace being designated 5 and bearing a squared portion 5". that portion emerging from the rear being designated 6. A screw 7 and screw hole therefor is provided in the end of the shatt 5 to hold lever links 8, shown in Figs. 1 and 2 in dotted lines. Such lever links are actuated by stems which terminate in keys 10 (see Fi 1) at the top of the horn. Such stems 9 are provided with retracting springs 11 in the usual manner so that after release of linger pressure on the keys, these resume their usual position. Full pressure on the keys will produce a quarter revolution of the inner casing the outer one remaining stationary. The effect of this will be in the construction shown in Fi 1 to change the position of the openings 41., throwing these out of register and throwing the openings and 3 into register wit-h the holes in the stationary casing and with the openings of the crooks 12. It will then be evident 1927. Serial No. 206,261.

that air blown into the horn will take a longer path, that is, through the crook 12 instead of being short circuited through the passage 4, thereby producing a different tone.

In Fig. 1, it will be seen that three valves are utilized and that three changes of path of the air current are possible. Each key 10 controls one valve so that the resonating column of air behind the valve in the crooks 12 may be joined or cut of]? from the main resonating columns extending to the mouthpiece and to the bell of the horn. It will be seen that when the valve stems are not depressed, that the passages 4 0t ea ch oil? the valve bodies communicate with each other to torm a curved continuous passage joining the tube to the mouthpiece and the tube to the bell. Three major changes in the timbre of the horn are therefore possible with the construction shown. lit is obvious, of course, that instead of a construction utilizing three valves there may be any suitable number of valves used, either more or less than three. It is also permissible to utilize 0t ier known species of valves in a horn or other instrument employ ing one or more of my valves.

Having dew iii-ed my invention, I claim 1. In a valve, a cylindrical body having therein three passages, two of which. straight and extend through the said body and the third of which bends inside the body and makes its exit from the same face at which it enters, a casing tor said body, one end oi which is closed except for two holes registerable with the straight passages, and one hole to receive a bearing shaft on the body, and means for revolving the body inside the casing.

2. In a valve, a cylindrical body having therein three passages, two of which are straight and extend completely through the said body and the third of which is curved inside the body and makes its exit from the same face ot the said body at which it entered, a bearing shatt at the central axis of the said body, a closely fitting casing for the said body, the said casing being open at one end and closed at the other except for two holes registrable with the straight passages through the body and a hole to receive the bearing shaft, and lever means to rotate the valve body in the casing.

3. In a valve, a cylindrical body having therein three passages, two of which are straight andextend completely through the said body and. the third of which is curved inside the body and makes its exit from. the same face of the said body at which it entered, a bearing shaft at the central axis of the said body, a closely tting casing .tor the said body, the said casing being open at one end and closed at the other except for two holes registrable with he straight p through the body and a hole to receive the bearing shaft, and lover means to rotate the valve body in the cash 3;, a squared portion on the bearing shaft adapted to cooperate with a square hole in one oi the levers whereby a connection between the lever and the valve body may be established.

at. In valve, a cylindrical bony having thcrei three pass ps, two of which are straight and eaten :onipletely through the said b-tnly and the third of which is curved inside the body and m exit from the came face oi. the said tercd, a bearing shaft 2; the said body, a closely r-"iu casing for the said body, the said cas icing open at one end and closed the other for two holes registrable with the stran it passages through the body and hole to receive the bearing shaft, and lever means to rotate the valve body in the casing, through an angle of 90.

5. In a valve, a c-ylii'iorical body having; therein three passages, two of which are straight and extend completely through th said body and the third of which curved inside the body and makes its exit from the same face oi the said body at which it entered, a bearing shaft at the central aXi s of the said body, a closely fitting casing :tor the said body, the said casing being open at one end and closed the other except for two holes registral do with the straight pass vgas through the body and a hole to receive the bearing shaft, and lover means to rotate the valve body in the casing through an angle of 90, and spring means cooperating with the lever means to return the said valve body to its original position after release of pressure on the said lever means.

6. In combination with a musical wind instrument a valve,a cylindrical body h aving therein three passages, two of whici are straight and attend through the said body and the third oi which bends inside the body and makes its exit from the same face at which it enters, a casing for said body, one end of which is closed except "for two holes register-able with the staight passages, and one hole to receive a bearing shaft on the body, and means for revolving the body in side the casing. I

7. Incoinbination with a musical wind instrument, in a valve, a cylindrical body having therein three passages, two of which are straight and extend completely through the said body and the third of which is curved *1 L -0 J! entral asis or inside the body and makes its exit from the same at the said body which it entered, a bea ing shaft at the central axis of the said body, a closely fitting casing for the said body, the said casing being open one end and closed at the other except for two holes registrable with the straight passages through the body and a hole to receive the bearing shar and lever means to rotate the valve body in the casing.

S. in c .mbination with a in strnuieut, in a valve, a cylindrical bi ly havtie ein three passages, two of which a;

' and extend completely through the u i i the third of which is curved me body and makes its exit from the r o shart, lever means to rotate the valve body in the casing, a squared portion the bearing shaft adapted to cooperate with square hole in one out the levers wherea connection. between the lever and the valve body be established.

9. in combination with a musical wind inin valve, a cylindrical body havrein three passages, two of which raight and extend completely through. id body and the third or Ndifill is curved 'rside the l)0( y and malres its tit from the arie face of the said body at which it end, a bearing shaft at the central axis of said body, a closely fitting sail body, the said casing open one nd and closed at the other except for two noles rcgistrable with the straight passages through the body and hole to receive the bearing shaft, and lover means to rotate the alvc body in the casing, through an angle of 90.

10. In combination with. a musical wind instrument, in a valve, a cylindrical body having therein three passages, two of which are straight and extend completely through the said body and the third or which is curved inside the body, and makes its exit from the same face of the said body at which it e tered, a bearing shaft at the central axis of the said body, a closely fitting Casing for the said body, the said casing being open at one end and closed at the other except for two holes registrable with the straight passages through the body and a hole to receive the bearing shatt, and lever means to rotate the valve body in the casing through an angle 0t 90, and spring means cooperating with the lever means to return the said valve body to its original position after release o:t pressure on the said lever, means,

11. In combination with a musical horn cal wind in lor the.

ereby a d the valve which square hole in one of the levers wh the said connection between the lever an 'elve, a cylindrical body bearing shaft adapted to cooperate with a passages, two

extend. throng'l having crooks, in a .huvng therein three er straw 1g crooks, in a valve, a cylindrical body es, two of which end completely through g casing for g being open at the other exeept tor olcs registrzihle with the straight pasewe gh an andrioal bodv 0 of which d extend completely through XlS of the said eel r s1 s n to the "1 dhod aft at the central axis or' and a hole to rec and lever means to rotate he casing. throu at which it entered,

open at one end and ner except for two holes reg-- 1ll'(l of which is curved 50 d at he third of which is curved and makes its exit from the inn ght pessa-ges throng a hole to receive the heerln s to rotate the valve sing through an angle of 90,

ly and makes its exit from the 1 1112 en .lly, a closely it-tin il the sold (resin close the loo the hearing shaft,

1 three passages. tw 11 -..nd t

it at the central a osely fittin c 2o ace of the said bodv at which it onhe said body JLL e hotly in t oi 90.

body

Yd be rough endv and two n .n cm'nbinzition with. a, musical horn i ereii the . ceoift n she n cl said casni losed at the ot 1e with the stral ieide the l having crooks, in 21 valve, :1 cylin i"""*le sages throngl the said h same the ve the I cl

es, two o con M te th bi iil casino being 0 i r sod at tee other essence. tw

con

pen

,1 L7 \r it ll lve.

third 0 th t and extend conml-r int conilnnet g crooks, in a vet nivino' therein n (ink! were 1 comb are straign body in the ensing.

turn the said valve body to its 1t1on after release of pressure on the SELlCl lever means.

atin with the lever a hole to receive the bearing lever means to rotate the valve 7 U3 casing, 21 squared portion on the THEODORE A. STEINMETZ.

*1 and ly in the bod 40 5 bet

US1703411A 1927-07-16 1927-07-16 Valve Expired - Lifetime US1703411A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1703411A US1703411A (en) 1927-07-16 1927-07-16 Valve

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1703411A US1703411A (en) 1927-07-16 1927-07-16 Valve

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1703411A true US1703411A (en) 1929-02-26

Family

ID=22765623

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1703411A Expired - Lifetime US1703411A (en) 1927-07-16 1927-07-16 Valve

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1703411A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4112806A (en) * 1977-01-31 1978-09-12 Thayer Orla E Axial flow valve
US4213371A (en) * 1977-01-31 1980-07-22 Thayer Orla E Axial flow valve
US4299156A (en) * 1977-01-31 1981-11-10 Thayer Orla E Axial flow valve
US4469002A (en) * 1977-01-31 1984-09-04 Thayer Orla E Axial flow valve
US4905564A (en) * 1988-11-08 1990-03-06 Thayer Orla E Rotary sound path selector valve with biased rotor
US20120291609A1 (en) * 2011-05-17 2012-11-22 Kuo-Ming Hsiao Dual rotor axial-flow rotor valve structure

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4112806A (en) * 1977-01-31 1978-09-12 Thayer Orla E Axial flow valve
US4213371A (en) * 1977-01-31 1980-07-22 Thayer Orla E Axial flow valve
US4299156A (en) * 1977-01-31 1981-11-10 Thayer Orla E Axial flow valve
US4469002A (en) * 1977-01-31 1984-09-04 Thayer Orla E Axial flow valve
US4905564A (en) * 1988-11-08 1990-03-06 Thayer Orla E Rotary sound path selector valve with biased rotor
US20120291609A1 (en) * 2011-05-17 2012-11-22 Kuo-Ming Hsiao Dual rotor axial-flow rotor valve structure
US8466362B2 (en) * 2011-05-17 2013-06-18 Kuo-Ming Hsiao Dual rotor axial-flow rotor valve structure

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Carse Musical wind instruments
US3248991A (en) Tremolo device for stringed instruments
US6245981B1 (en) Musical key transposer
US3196729A (en) Musical instruments
US2744433A (en) Guitar keyboard
US3304826A (en) Multi-pick structure
US4722260A (en) Stringed musical instrument having retracting frets
US5847300A (en) Mouthpiece system for a trumpet or other brass instruments
US5900563A (en) Compact rotary valve for brass instruments
US3392618A (en) Multirange fretted guitar type instrument
US2306747A (en) Gun discharge registering device
US1094038A (en) Mechanical fingering device for stringed musical instruments.
US1912106A (en) Stringed musical instrument
US4378724A (en) Wind instrument practice accessory
US2226536A (en) Octave vent for musical wind instruments
US1755019A (en) Musical instrument
US3853034A (en) Brass musical instrument practice device
US5495820A (en) Whistle with tone changing rotator
US5361668A (en) Valve for brass instrument
US2230162A (en) Accordion
US4112806A (en) Axial flow valve
Marsh Hints to Young Composers of Instrumental Music
US4213371A (en) Axial flow valve
US2484408A (en) French horn
US20060272473A1 (en) Mouthpiece for a wind instrument