US1695765A - Hand card - Google Patents

Hand card Download PDF

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Publication number
US1695765A
US1695765A US246973A US24697328A US1695765A US 1695765 A US1695765 A US 1695765A US 246973 A US246973 A US 246973A US 24697328 A US24697328 A US 24697328A US 1695765 A US1695765 A US 1695765A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
card
sheet
slides
hand
card clothing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US246973A
Inventor
Irving C Howes
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DAVIS AND FURBER MACHINE Co
Original Assignee
DAVIS AND FURBER MACHINE Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by DAVIS AND FURBER MACHINE Co filed Critical DAVIS AND FURBER MACHINE Co
Priority to US246973A priority Critical patent/US1695765A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1695765A publication Critical patent/US1695765A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K13/00Devices for grooming or caring of animals, e.g. curry-combs; Fetlock rings; Tail-holders; Devices for preventing crib-biting; Washing devices; Protection against weather conditions or insects
    • A01K13/002Curry-combs; Brushes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B9/00Connections of rods or tubular parts to flat surfaces at an angle
    • F16B9/05Connections of rods or tubular parts to flat surfaces at an angle by way of an intermediate member
    • F16B9/058Connections of rods or tubular parts to flat surfaces at an angle by way of an intermediate member the intermediate member being secured to the rod by transverse fasteners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/39Rod to member to side, e.g., plate, rod side, etc.
    • Y10T403/3933Intermediate member includes tubular part
    • Y10T403/3981Intermediate member secured to side by radial flange

Description

Dec, 1s, 192s. 1,695,765

l. c. HowEs HAND CARD Filed Jain. 1e. 1928 hvngC. Howes l card embodying a preferredform of the presv Patented Dec. 18V, 19,28.

UNITED STATES OFFICE-f( 'i IRVING c'. HoW'ES, or Nomen Annovnn, M ASSACHnsinrr'rs,l ASSIGNOR To DAVISV an y FURBEB. MACHINE COMPANY, .oF/NORTH ANDCVER, MASSAcnnsnrrfrs,,Acear` roRATIoN or MASSACHUSETTS.

l HAND CARD.

Application Lfleclanuary 16, 1928. Seria1'No.246-,973.

' vThis invention relates to a hand card such as is employed for'cleaning the cardclothing of carding machines and for similar purposes. The obj ect of the invention is to provide a simple form of construction of hand card in which the card clothing element may readily be removed and a new one substituted therefor whenever the original-card clothing vis worny out or damaged.

The object of the invention isn' further to provide a simple and eflicient formof hand cardfhaving novel means for stretching the card clothing taut against lthe 'face when it isplaced upon and secured to the body of the hand card. f Y

These and other objects and features of the invention will appear-'more fully from the accompanying description and drawings and will be particularly pointed outl in the claims.y

As the hand card 'is a well-known'tool or device to those familiar with the carding and similar industries,it will only be necessary to describe and illustrate the novel `.construction which constitutes the present invention.

In the drawings:

Fig. l is-a view in perspective ofa hand ent invention. I f 1 ,l d Y Y Fig.l 2'is a view in central crosssection of the construction shown in Fig. 1;

Fig.Y 3 is abottom plan view of the card and a portion of the handle.

Fig-4V is a detail showing a portion ofj-onefy 4of theslides with a portion ofthe card cloth-l ing attached'. v

Fig.. 5 1s a y slide of slightly .different construction.

The hand card comprises essentially aV body, a handle connected to the bodyand by which the card is' operated, anda-sheet kof cardclothing located on the face of the body.

and secured to the body.

In this inventionthe body may beof any Y l suitable material, but is here for convenience illustrated as made lof superimposed plies ofv wood cemented together. -A

The handle also may be of any suitable materialand suitably locatedv o n'the body. "In the Vconstruction here illustrated, the handle the body of Y t v "is also notched to receivelthe.handlepart 4.. v Y

The portionofthe handle part to be held in Y i the handv of theoperative rises upwardly and d -V f Y- vprojects -fromithe body of the card whilefa detail showing al portion of a Y' the notch in the'card body, thusleaving the t involves a novel feature in that it is secured to the body v ina notch in .one edge of the body and is so forme'd'as to'present al continuation of that edge. The backing of `card clothing is "composed of a sheet of leather or other lieXible 'material having projecting .there'el from the-usual wire teeth. In the present in- 1 vention this card clothing element isa separate element andis detachably securedto thev body of the handcard so that it is readily re'- movable 'therefrom and replaceable thereon, thus enabling a new sheet of'card clothing to be placed on: the body of the hand cardwhen? v every the originalsheet is worn or damaged..

vArs already pointedfout,"the body" ofthe a hand vcard Villustrated is shown as made up ofl superimposed plies herein shown.` as three in j number, 1, 2 and 3, of wood, with'the grain of the centralply 2 preferably` extending transversely to the grain ofthe other two plies and'these plies cemented together. The body of thecard is slightly vconcavo-convex with kthe curvature ofthe facejstill further.`

' accentuated by tapering the ply 3 toward its v edgeav .Y v vThe handle is shown ascomprising a vmetal partl: bifurcated transversely to `form along flange 5"overlying the top ofthefbody and a shorter flange 6 set into a recess in the-.lowermost,y ply 3 so as to be flushwiththe bottom.V i

surface of the body. v The edge of they body portion`7 of the handle 'part is shapedl to fill' handle part 'are'rigidly secured to thehbody by suitable rivets 9@ In the construction shown, the metal part i of the handle issocketed'to receivel a wooden extension l0 held in v place by a rivet 11. .l Themetalfpart 4. of the handle is also recessed from'beneathand has '95 a transversepinflQfon whichismounted the usual retaining strap 13.

The body of the (ma` is nanny 'tape-ed,

that is to say, the edges'S and ltconverge 'from one end to the other as from the end l5 to the end 16.

A pair of metal slides, indicated generally at in Figs. l, 2 and l and at 25 in llig. 5 and preferably oit channel shape, is provided. These slides are ol the same length as the long tapered edges oit the body. These slides are secured either permanently or detachably to the edges oi' the sheet oi card clothing; ln the iormer case the slides are discarded with the card clothing when worn out and may be made of relatively cheap metal; in the latter kcase t-he slides are usedV with successive sheets of card clothing and are provided with suitable means or detach-y ably gripping the edges o1 the sheet. rlhe former is the preferred construction and isl shown in Figs. l to 4l of the drawing. As a simple and'suitable means for securing the slides to the sheet of card clothing, so that the slides and sheet constitute a unit to be applied to, and discarded :tro-ni, the card body, one flange l? of each slide is shown as having teeth 18 struck outV therefrom and adapted to be passed through and clamped down upon the sheet of card clothing. rll`he' detachable construction is shown in a simple and practical form in Fig. 5 wherein one flangevll'of each slide is shown as provided with upwardly projecting teeth 20, adapted to, penetra-te` the edgesol the sheet ot card clothing and thus to enable thesheet readily to be attached to and detached iti-oni the slides.

Y The card clothing element `comprises a flexible .sheety 2l ol leather or suitable ina-terial having secured therein and projecting '.f with the taper oin the body oif the card.

therefromtheusual wire teeth 22. rllhe sheet 21. is formed of substantially the saine length and shape as the body ot the card, but slightly less in width, and is tapered correspondingly llhis sheet is secured to the slidesin the manner lalready described. l

Alter thec'ard clothing has been secured to the slides, vthe slidesfwith the card clothingy ,securedtheret-o are .slid endwise on to the edges of the body of the card with the sheet of' card clothing sliding on the tacev of the card and the upper ilanges sliding on the bach otthe card: Consequently as the slides and the card clothing are forced laterally on All that itis necessary to do is, in the one case, to out the sheet of card clothing to remove it and the slides or,in the other case, to forcethe slides vwith the gripped card cloth- 1,695,765 Y N i A ing laterally ol the card body, and then to substitute a new sheet of card clothing and attached slides and torce the slides with the new sheet bach on to the card body.

There is thus presented a very simple and eliicient :torni oit construction of hand card in which the card clothing element is readily removable and replaceable and in which, when the card clothing is `in position,it is stretchedtightlyl over the'face of thecard.

Having 'thus described the inventioin what is claime'd'asnew', and desired tobe secured by Letters atent, is:

yl. ifi hand card comprising a laterally tapered flexible sheet oi card clothing, a correspondingly laterally tapered body, a handle projecting' :from the body andtwo metal slides each secured to an edgeot the sheet, and tted to slide therewith laterallyV on the;V edges ot the body'whereby, when the slides and sheet are-slid on to the body, thesheet is stretched taut against the faceol*l the body and` is ltirnily heldin position and whereby tle'sheet is readily removable and yreplace- EL le. f f i 'A hand card comprising a laterally tapered tlexiblesheet of card clothing, 'acor-,f respondingly laterally tapered body, a handlev projecting troni the body, and two channeh,

shaped inetal-V slides eachhavingone iangc provided with teeth to grip one edge of rthe sheet ol card clothing and litted tov embrace, and slide therewith laterally on, theedges v of the body whereby, when theslides and sheet areslidon to the body,the sheet is stretched taut against theface ofthel body and is firmly held in position, and, wherebyy the sheet is readily removable and replaces,A able.` e

A- hand cardl comprising a f laterally tapered 'flexible sheet of card clothing, a correspo'ndi'ngly laterally-taperedbody, a handle projectingroni the bodyand twoI metal slides each provided with means for detachably securing -it to an edge o f-thesheet and fitted to slide therewithlaterally on theedges of the bodywhereby, Vwhen the slides and sheet areslid on to. the. body, thesheetis stretched taut against the 'face oitV the body and is firmly held in position'andwhereby the sheet is readily removable andjreplacev-Ar` ,Y

p ll. A 4hfanril card comprisingthe` construe-Y. tion delinedrin claim l, in whichthe 'bodylat one edge is .notched and in which Vthe' handle portion is metal and is transversely loi-,ture cated and clampedto the body within lthe notched portion thereof j with they handle proper projecting upwardly from fthe base and with alportion Vfilling the notch in the base so as to leave the ad]acent edge continu'-Y ons and free to receive ,the slide. y Y Y. 5.- rl hand card comprising. a Y laterally tapered body, ,handleV projecting "from the body, vand two channel-shaped?metalslides 1,695,765 n y l y* 3 eachV having one flangeV provided with teeth Astretched taut against the face of the body togripl a sheet of card clothing tapered Voorand is firmly held in position and whereby a respondingly to the body, the said slides betapered sheet of Card clothing is readily rev 10 ling` fitted to embrace, and slide withl the movable from, and replaceable on,4 the body.` 6 gripped sheet laterally on, the edges of the 'In testimony whereof, I have signed my y l `body whereby when the slides and gripped name to this specification. sheet are slid on to the body, the sheet isv l f IRVING C. vHOWES.V

US246973A 1928-01-16 1928-01-16 Hand card Expired - Lifetime US1695765A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040194728A1 (en) * 2003-04-04 2004-10-07 Dunn Steven B. Article for grooming an animal
US20070084416A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-19 Jeng Shyuan Precision Co., Ltd. Pet grooming comb capable of adjusting holding angle easily
US20130291339A1 (en) * 2012-05-01 2013-11-07 Paige Romine Wool, Fleece and/or Fiber Picker Apparatus and Methods
US20140191634A1 (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-07-10 Nadra Safia Smiley Hair styling device
US9301500B1 (en) 2012-08-08 2016-04-05 Jodi Murphy Method of removing hair from a pet and grooming tool associate therewith
USD774780S1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2016-12-27 Sullivan Supply, Inc. Animal grooming brush
US9814214B1 (en) 2012-08-08 2017-11-14 Jodi Murphy Grooming tool and method of removing hair from a pet associated therewith

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040194728A1 (en) * 2003-04-04 2004-10-07 Dunn Steven B. Article for grooming an animal
US6955137B2 (en) * 2003-04-04 2005-10-18 Munchkin, Inc. Article for grooming an animal
US20070084416A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-19 Jeng Shyuan Precision Co., Ltd. Pet grooming comb capable of adjusting holding angle easily
US20130291339A1 (en) * 2012-05-01 2013-11-07 Paige Romine Wool, Fleece and/or Fiber Picker Apparatus and Methods
US9121113B2 (en) * 2012-05-01 2015-09-01 Paige Romine Wool, fleece and/or fiber picker apparatus and methods
US9301500B1 (en) 2012-08-08 2016-04-05 Jodi Murphy Method of removing hair from a pet and grooming tool associate therewith
US9814214B1 (en) 2012-08-08 2017-11-14 Jodi Murphy Grooming tool and method of removing hair from a pet associated therewith
US20140191634A1 (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-07-10 Nadra Safia Smiley Hair styling device
US9750327B2 (en) * 2013-01-09 2017-09-05 Nadra Safia Smiley Hair styling device
USD774780S1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2016-12-27 Sullivan Supply, Inc. Animal grooming brush

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