US1667223A - Lock device - Google Patents

Lock device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1667223A
US1667223A US13814126A US1667223A US 1667223 A US1667223 A US 1667223A US 13814126 A US13814126 A US 13814126A US 1667223 A US1667223 A US 1667223A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
lock
key
tumblers
slug
tumbler
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Hiram R Simpson
Original Assignee
Hiram R Simpson
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B19/00Keys; Accessories therefor
    • E05B19/20Skeleton keys; Devices for picking locks; Other devices for similar purposes ; Means to open locks not otherwise provided for, e.g. lock pullers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7441Key
    • Y10T70/778Operating elements
    • Y10T70/7791Keys
    • Y10T70/7797Picking

Description

April 24, 192s.

H. R. SIMPSON LOCK DEVICE Fil'ed Sept. 28. 1926 mf, samd. A l ATTORNEYS 4 Patenten apr. 24,1928.

UNITED STATES HIRAM It. SIMPSON, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA.

LOCK DEVICE.

Applieationiled September 28, 1926. Serial No. 138,141.

rlliis invention relates to a lock device for use in connection with locks of the pin tumbler type, and the objects of the device are to provide means whereby a locksmith may open such a lockwhen the keys are lost, and avodthe injury or destruction of the lock as 'now generally necessary under the circumstance mentioned.

The invention is based on a method of violently throwing the inner or lower set of tumblers against the outer or upper set until the outer tumblers are driven one by one to the point of release, and of so holding them until all are released, and of then turning the revolvable inner plug of the lock so that it may be further turned by hand to unlock or release the saine.

One embodiment of the invention is shown.

in the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 being a vertical cross section through a pin tumbler lock with my invention applied thereto.

Figure 2 is a side elevation of a special tumbler throwing slug for use therein. Figure 3 is a front view of the resilient retracting device, Figure 4' an edge view thereof partly in section, while Figure 5 is a front view of the showing of Figure 1 as held in operative positiony by the lingers of an operators hand.

In'further detail the drawings show a pin tumbler lock 1 of any of the types in popular use as provided with an outer or upper set .of tumblers 2 in the fixed portion of the lock and an inner or lower set of coinciding tumblers 3 in the revolvable plug 4 of the lock.

Locks of this type are made with slight variation of construction by a variety of manufacturers but all embrace the same characteristics in that the unequal length tumblers in the revoluble plug must be raised to unequal heights by a proper key so that the meeting ends of 'all tumblers align at the parting line 8 between the fixed portion or the lock and the revolvable plug so that the latter may be turned to unlock the f lock.

Such locks are made with various numbers of tuinblers, and with various shapes or cross sections of keys fitting similarly shaped or warded key slots as well understood.

My apparatus for opening the representaL tive lock shown in the drawing comprises a special slug key of the proper cross section to'iit the slot and provided with a row of notches 6 spaced to match the spacing of the tumblers of the lock in question, the same as the notches of an actual key for the lock with the exception that the notches are preferably all of the same depth as indicated, thus being unlike a key for the same lock.

Another point of distinguishment is the fact that tops of the projections 7 are preferably all of the same height, and the greatest height of any `of them must be less thanA would raise the longest tumbler, the one marked X in the present showing) a ove the parting line 8.

Still another feature is that the shank instead of having a shoulder to seat against the outer face of the lock for aligning the tulnblers with the notches, has a shoulder 9 set quite a distance outward from the face 1 of the lock.

f Such a keyslug device as far as described is incapable of opening a lock of this type, but it is rendered operative by means of aplate llresiliently supporting the key in notched alignment with the tumblers by means of a pair of spring legs 12 bearing against the face of the lock and the shoulder 9 of the key resting upon the plate.

The plate 11 is slotted at 13 to freely pass the shank of the key and the legs 12 are slidable in bosses 14 secured to the plate and arranged for sliding motion therein limited by the heads on each end but always urged against the lock by small stiflI spiral compression springs 15 located within the bosses.

Thus by pressing inward upon the end of the slug key it may be forced inward to substantially bringr the apices of the projections 7 under the tumblers but no further, and when released will be at once thrown outward bythe springs 15 to the original position.

A cross slot 13 is also provided in the plate 11 for use on padlocks so as to provide for getting a bearing for the twol legs 12 upon the same.

The shank of the slug key is provided with a small hole 16 at a point just below the plate 11 and throu h which is passed a very thin spring wire 1%. This wire is normally straight, is preferably looped at one end as shown, and is secured at its ends against the door 18 either by small tacks 19 as shown in Figure 1 or pressed thereagainst by the fingers of one hand as indicated in Figure 5.

In any event the inward pressure of this spring on the key in being arched against the door is less than the outward pressure of'the spring legs, and the wire spring 17 is also given a slight twist toward the releasing direction of the lock before securing in place so that it has a slight tendency to rotate the key in the direction of unlocking.

When in this position, and as shown in Figure 1 a few taps upon the end of the slug key by any suitable means, such for instance as the rod 20 will elevate the tumblers vto the parting line and slightly revolve the plug 4 so that a further turn will open the lock.

This result is effected by the wedging action of surfaces 7 of the projections throwing the lower or inner tumblers upward or outward as small hammers until one by one the upper or outer tumblers are driven to the parting line and there held by the slight rotative tension of spring 17 on the plug 4 as each tumbler in turn becomes released.

A slug key device as shown in the drawing will release any lock of this type in which it may be inserted an-d of any number of tumblers of less or up'to the number of the projections 7, and thus a few of the slug key devices to suit the warded slots of standard locks will open many thousands of locks of this type.

in considering my invention attention is called to the fact that a new method of opening keyless in tumbler locks is disclosed, and that t e precise arrangement of springs, spring legs etc. may be varied con` siderably by anyone skilled in the art and yet function in accordance with this method and therefore in my appended claims any such modifications as may come within the spirit of the invention are intended to be covered.

I claim:

, 1. Apparatus for releasinv a piny tumbler lock of the character descri ed which comprises a slug key provided with substantially uniform notches to receive the tumblers and adapted for longitudinal movement into the key slot beyond the seating position of the tumblers in the notches.

2. Apparatus for releasing a pin tumbler lock of the character described which comprises a slug key provided with tumbler raising projections none of which will raise a tumbler above the releasing line of the revolvable plug, and said slug key being adapted for axial movement into the lock beyond the position of seating the tumblers between said projections.

3. Apparatus for releasincr a pin tumbler lock of the character described which com-- prises a slug key provided with substantially uniform notches and tumbler raising projections none of which will raise a tumbler above the releasing line of the revolvable plug, and said slug key being adapted for axial movement into the lock beyond the position of seating the tumblers between said projections.

4. A structure as specified in claim 1 plus means for resiliently supporting the slug key in the slot of the lock for reciprocatory movement.

5. A structure as specified in claim 1 plus means for resiliently support-ing the slug key in the slot of the lock for reciprocatory movement and means for imparting torque to the revolvable plug of the lock.

6. A structure as specified in claim 1 plus means for withdrawing the slug key from a position in the slot beyond the position of seating of the tumblers in said notches.

7 A structure as specied in claim 1 plus means for applying reciprocatory motion to the slug key in the slot.

8. A structure as specified in claim 1 plus means for ap lying reciprocatory motion to the slug key 1n the slot and for applying a 'eslixlient torque to the revolvable plug of the 9. A structure as specified in claim 1 plus a slotted plate through which the key shank passes, a shoulder on the key seated against said plate, and spring means on the plate forcing the same outward from the face of the lock.

10. A structure as specified in claim 1 plus a slotted plate through which the key shank passes, a shoulder on the key seated against said plate, and spring means on the plate forcingvthe same outward from the face of the lock and said shank being pierced at a point between said plate and the outer face of the lock.

HIRAM R. SIMPSON.

US1667223A 1926-09-28 1926-09-28 Lock device Expired - Lifetime US1667223A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1667223A US1667223A (en) 1926-09-28 1926-09-28 Lock device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1667223A US1667223A (en) 1926-09-28 1926-09-28 Lock device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1667223A true US1667223A (en) 1928-04-24

Family

ID=22480608

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1667223A Expired - Lifetime US1667223A (en) 1926-09-28 1926-09-28 Lock device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1667223A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090139288A1 (en) * 2007-12-04 2009-06-04 Richard Pettey Device and method for opening a pin tumbler type of lock
US7775074B1 (en) 2007-03-12 2010-08-17 Tobias Marc W System for obstructing movement of lock pins
US20110214462A1 (en) * 2010-03-02 2011-09-08 Stanton Concepts Inc. Anti-Bump Top Pin for Pin Tumbler Locks
WO2016092574A1 (en) 2014-12-10 2016-06-16 Viro S.P.A. Reactive bumping-resistance device that can be implemented in a lock possibly as a retrofit without alterations to the body or rotor of the same

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9719275B1 (en) 2007-03-12 2017-08-01 Marc W. Tobias Lock pin rotational position setting key and method of use
US7775074B1 (en) 2007-03-12 2010-08-17 Tobias Marc W System for obstructing movement of lock pins
US7963135B1 (en) 2007-03-12 2011-06-21 Tobias Marc W System for obstructing movement of lock pins
US8302439B1 (en) 2007-03-12 2012-11-06 Tobias Marc W Lock pin rotational position setting key and method of use
US20090139288A1 (en) * 2007-12-04 2009-06-04 Richard Pettey Device and method for opening a pin tumbler type of lock
US20110214462A1 (en) * 2010-03-02 2011-09-08 Stanton Concepts Inc. Anti-Bump Top Pin for Pin Tumbler Locks
WO2016092574A1 (en) 2014-12-10 2016-06-16 Viro S.P.A. Reactive bumping-resistance device that can be implemented in a lock possibly as a retrofit without alterations to the body or rotor of the same

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3541819A (en) Tamper-proof axial tumbler lock
US3524335A (en) Axial tumbler type lock and key therefor
US3499302A (en) Cylinder lock
US2286427A (en) Box or chest for tools
US6347848B1 (en) Locking device for drawers of a cabinet
US4437692A (en) Protective hasp for padlock
US3563071A (en) Lock with changeable combination
US2113007A (en) Cylinder lock
US4328690A (en) Removable core cylinder lock
US3754422A (en) Cylinder lock and u-shaped key and method of forming same
US5365694A (en) Vehicle anti-theft parking space device
US6508091B1 (en) Cylinder lock with effraction-resistant device
US3762193A (en) Pick-resistant lock
US2219626A (en) Motor vehicle door handle
US1253810A (en) Burglar-proof sash-lock.
US4377940A (en) Impression-resistant lock
US3500670A (en) Lock mechanism and alarm
US3800571A (en) Combination lock
US3475934A (en) Lock-out key assembly
US1179391A (en) Ladder-foot.
US3714804A (en) Shutter structure
US3735612A (en) Double spring bolt re-keyable padlock
US3589153A (en) Key operated lock
US3545799A (en) Multiple bolt mechanism
US3777520A (en) Lock assembly of the rotary cylinder type