US1657285A - Theater chair - Google Patents

Theater chair Download PDF

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Publication number
US1657285A
US1657285A US79385A US7938526A US1657285A US 1657285 A US1657285 A US 1657285A US 79385 A US79385 A US 79385A US 7938526 A US7938526 A US 7938526A US 1657285 A US1657285 A US 1657285A
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back
upholstery
seat
units
permanent
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Expired - Lifetime
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US79385A
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Siskin Harry
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Siskin Harry
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C7/00Parts, details, or accessories of chairs or stools
    • A47C7/02Seat parts
    • A47C7/34Seat parts with springs in compression, e.g. coiled

Description

Jan. 24, 1928. 1,657,285 H. SISKIN THEATER CHAIR Filed Jan, 5, 1926 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Jan. 24, 1928. 1,657,285

H. SISKEN THEATER CHAIR Filed Jan. 1926 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 4 Sheets-Sh eet s Jan. 24, 1928.

H. SISKIM THEATER CHAIR Filed Jan. 1926 H. SISKIN THEATER CHAIR Jan. 24, 1928.

Filed Jan. 5. 1926 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 7 fs' f? q individual units which 2 together in a simp 45 back props.

Jan. 342%, li -i263.

manna exist-tin, or nos ANGELES, eenm'onnrn.

THEATER CHAIR.

Application filed January 5, 1926. Serial No. 79,385.

5 individual seat.

An object of my invention is a theater chair formed of a number of individual chair units, these being connected together forming a long bench with individual arm rests between eachindividual seat, the individual seats and arm restsbeing suitably upholstered.

A further object of my invention is to form a theater chair of the bench type of may be bolted together to form the whole bench or a group of chairs connected together.

A further object of my invention is to make the arm rests and chair separators in separate units with separate upholstery to make the individual permanent seats of sep arate units and the permanent backs also of separate units, the various units being de signed and fitted whereby they may be bolted le manner. The upholstery for the seat and back is of a detachable character and may be placed in position on the permanent seat and back, thereby forming a series of complete chairs in a united 1* group or bench.

A specific object of my invention is in Y the particular manner in which the separators and arm rests are bolted to the permanent seats and the permanent backs in a simple manner so that these units can be assembled at the theater or wherever utilized, without requiring the shipment'of the completely made up chair or bench.

My theater chair comprises a series of 4a separator units forming arm rests having front and back legs, back props extending upwardly from the legs, armssecured between the front and back legs and a separator frame attached to the arms and the These separator units are covered with upholstery suitably padded and form the basis for securing permanent backs attached between the back props and the back legs, by being bolted together and the 39 permanent seats being secured to seat bars connecting the front and back legs. Thus a bench consisting of a lurality of individual separator units may e built up forming individual chairs therebetween. A removable upholstered back and a removable upholstery back frame,

holstered seat may then be placed in position, thus forming a fully upholstered series of chairs in the form of a connected bench.

My invention will be more readily understood from the following description and drawings, in which;

Figure l is a perspective view of a bench of theater chairs manufacture.

Fig. 2 is perspective view of the completed bench and chairs, viewed from underneath.

Fig. 3 is a vertical transverse section of an individual chair on the line 33 of Fig. 4.

in various stations of Fig. 4 is a vertical longitudinal section on V the line 44 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the separator unit frames.

Fig. 6 is a side elevation of one of the separator units, broken away to show the upholstery.

Fig.- 7 isa longitudinal vertical on the line 77 of Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is a perspective view from underneath of one of the permanent seats.

Fig. 9 is a detail section of Fig. 8 on the line 9-9, showing the manner of constructing the permanent seat and other elements of veneer.

Fig. 10 is a manent back, thereof. I Fig. 11 is a detail vertical transverse section of Fig. 10 on the line 11-11, i1lustrating the manner of applying the upholstery.

Fig. 12 is a perspective view of viewed from the rear.

Fig. 13 is a perspective view of the upholstery back, viewed from the front.

Fig. 14 is a vertical section through the center of Fig 13 on the line 14-14.

Fig. 15 is a perspective View of the upholstery seat frame.

Fig. 16 is a perspective view of the upholstered seat.

Fig. 17 is a transverse section of the upholstered seat on the line 1717 of Fig. 16.

The general construction of my theater chair is shown particularly in Figs. 1 and 2, in which the numeral 1 designates a bench shown as a plurality of individual chairs, comprising end chairs 2 and center chairs 3; it being understood that as many center section perspective view of the perlooking at the forward side chairs could be utilized as desired, there bethe up- 1 frame in any suitable manner.

ing two end chairs at opposite ends of the bench, these chairs being similarly constructed. The chairs are separated by separator units 4 forming arm rests 5. These units are all of the same construction and are utilized to form the separating structure between the individual chairs, the arm rests between these chairs and the arm rest for the end chairs and also form a main supporting structure for the whole bench.

The separator units are constructed sub stantially as follows, having reference particularly to Figs. 1, 5, 6 and 7. Each of these units is provided with a front leg 6, a back leg 7 mergin' into what may be termed a'back prop 8, w ieh is in reality like an upward extension of the'leg, the leg having a backward bend at substantially the point 9 as indicated, this being at about the level of the finished upholstered seat. The seat bar 10 connects the front and back legs below the level of the finished upholstered seat and an arm bar 11 connects the top of the front leg to the back prop having a somewhat trian lar brace 12 at the corner. A separator frame 13 consists of an upright separator bar 14 connected to the arm bar and braced at the top by a top bar 15 forming a rigid connection between the top of the prop 8, that is the top of the back leg continued, and

the separator bar.

It will be understood that a seat rest board 16 formed of .a narrow strip is attached to the lower edge of the said bar, extending between the front and the back leg and projecting laterally sideways to engage thepermanent seats as will be hereunder explained.

It will also be understood that these separater units are all similar and of substantial construction. The post and back prop are provided with bored holes 17 and the seat are with bored holes 18 for bolting the structure as hereunder defined. Dowel holes 19 are formed in the arm bar and engage the dowels 20 detachably securin the arm piece 21 to thearm bar. A pad ing 22 is secured over the arm piece, a padding 23 over the front of the separator bar 14 and a adding 24 over thetop bar 15. These pad- 'ngs are covered with upholstery material of fabric, leather or suitable covering, indicated by the numeral 25 and the space in the separator. unit frames between the coverin and the frame members is filled with stufiing 26, the fabric being secured to the It is preferable to make the separator units of wood and on account of being covered with upholstery a relatively cheap grade and rough type of wood may be utilized.

' v The permanent back between the separator units is constructed substantially as follows, beialg illustrated particularly in Figs. 1, 3, 10 an 11.

These permanent backs are designated neaaaea generally by the numeral 27 and consist of side rails 28, a cross rail 29 being secured near the lower end of the side rails. A capping piece 30 connects the top of the side rails and a back panel 31 is secured to the side rails, the cross rail and the capping piece. A bottom cross rail 32 is secured to the lower end of the panel. The bottom cross rail is cut short, leaving an end space 33 between the end of the rail and the side of the panel and the side rails' are of such length as to leave a horizontal space 34 between the ends of inch rails and the top of the bottom cross ra1 In this construction it is preferable to make the panel of ly material such as threely wood. The si e rails are provided with bolt holes 35. Cleats or staples 36 are secured to the front face of the panels and a padding 37 is secured to the capping piece with upholstery material 38 extending over the front and top of this piece and down the back of the panel as indicated by the numeral 39. This upholstery is sufficient to cover all exposed parts of the back or if the panel is made of good material it may he left unupholstered at the back.

The permanent seats are constructed sub stantially as follows, and are shown particularly in Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, 8 and 9.

These permanent seats are designated generally by the numeral 40 and comprise a front bar 41, side bars 42 secured thereto, at opposite ends of the front bar and a board 43 preferably made of veneer material such as three-ply wood. These various elements are securely fastened together, leaving an open space 44 at the back to fit in the permanent back as will be hereunder described.

Bolt holes 45 are formed in the side bars and air holes 45 in the board 43.

The upholstery back is constructed substantially as follows, having reference particularly to Figs. '12, 13 and 14.

The upholstery back is designated generally by the numei al 46 and comprises an upholstery back 47 having side frame bars 48, a top frame bar 49 and a veneer panel 50 having air holes 50. This panel is provided with hooks 51 on the back end, the upholstery 52 utilizing springs 53. A padding 54 and a covering material 55 are secured on the front of the panel and drawn over the side frame bars and the top frame bar as particularly shown in Fig. 13.

The upholstery seat is particularly illustrated in Figs. 15, 16 and"17 and is designated generally by the numeral 56. This has a seat frame 57 formed with side walls 58 and a filler board 59, the upholstery com prising a lower set of springs 60, an upper set of springs 61 secured in a separate fabric bag, both sets of springs being enclosed in the padding 62 and the fabric or other covert emes ing till. This covering extends downwardly enclosing the side walls as indicated in Fig. lb.

The manner of assembling the various units above described to form the complete bench ofitheater chairs is substantially as :tollows:

The permanent backs are first secured to the separating units, the bored holes 17 in the back legs 7 and the extension prop 8 of the separator units registering with the bolt holes 35 in the side rails 28 of the backs. Thus these elements may be bolted together and at the ends of the benches the bolts secure only the unit and one permanent back and between the seats a unit and two perma nent backs. The permanent seats are then slid into position with the side bars 42 engaging and sliding along the seat rest plates 16 as clearly shown in Fig. l. The bored holes 18 in the seat bars 10 register with the bolt holes in the side bars 42, whereby the permanent seat may be securely bolted to the separator units.

Tt will be noted on reference to Fig. l, that the seat rest plate 16 for the end separator units extends only on one side of the said units, whereas for the center units it extends in opposite directions. Therefore the end separator unit sections can be made in rights or letts or these certain rest plates may be secured to the seat bars 10 at the place of assembly.

llt will be noted that the board 43 of the permanent seat rests on the bottom cross rail 32 ot the permanent back and fits in the space 3% between the bottom cross rail and the lower ends of the side rails 28, also the side bars {l2 of the permanent seat fit in the space 33 at the ends of the bottom cross rails 32. if desired these various meeting sections may be suitably glued while being bolted.

lt will thus be seen that the frame work may be made up into a rigid structure, forming a bench of chair frames having any suitable number of chairs incorporated in the bench.

till

. connected together by unskilled labor, or labor less skilled than cabinet makers and till the upholstery units may likewise be readily placed in position and readily removed.

It will be understood that at the end units, the bolts securing these units to the permanent backs and seats would preferably be countersunk and covered with upholstery material or otherwise made inconspicuous. Therefore my theater chair embodies all the features of comfort of the permanent made up bench and chairs and as above mentioned may be readily assembled and also disassembled if desired, and the upholstery detached for cleaning or repair.

Although the various units involved in my invention are comparatively simple, nevertheless these may be considerably altered in general construction and in detail to makeup other types of theater bench chairs or chairs of considerably difl'er'ent design and for diilerent purposes.

lt is also to be understood that my invention while designated as a theater chair is applicable to the formation of any type of chair made up in the form of benches of individual chair elements, constructed in accordance with my invention as set forth in the description, drawings and claims.

Having described my invention, what ll claim is:

1. A theater chair comprising in combination a series of separating units having an arm rest and a separating frame extending upwardly from the arm rest, a series of chair units having permanently attached back and seat elements, means to secure the back and seat elements to the separator units, and upholstery placed on the back and seat, the back upholstery fitting between the separator frames of the separator units, the front of the back upholstery and the front pit glhe separator frames being substantially 2. A. theater chair comprising in combination a series of separator units having front legs, back legs with upward extensions thereof forming back props, seat bars secured between the front and back legs, armbars Qll ltlll secured between the top of the front legs and the back props, a separator frame ex tending upwardly from therarm bars, being connected to the top of the back props, a permanent back element for back upholstery bolted between the back props, and permanent seat elements for seat upholstery bolted between the seat bars.

3. A. theater chair, as claimed in claim 2, the separator units including separator frames being covered with permanently attached upholstery before securing said parts together, and the backs and seats being provided with detachable upholstery.

a. A theater chair comprising in combina tion a plurality of separator units, each having a front and back leg, an upward extension of the backleg, seat bars connected between the front and back legs, arm bars connected between the top of the front legs and the extension of the back legs, separator bars extending upwardly from the arm bars, top bars connecting the separator bars to the upward extension of the back legs, permanently attached upholstery covering each top bar, a permanently attached back and a permanently attached seat bolted respectively to the upward extension of the back legs and to the seat bars, and removable upholstery mounted on the permanent backs and seats.

5. In a theater chair, a series of separating units having front and back legs with upward extensions of the back legs and seat bars between said legs, a permanent back having side rails, a cross rail, a panel secured to said rails, a bottom rail on the panel, bolts securing the side rails to the extensions of the back legs, permanent seats having side bars and a seat board, the side bars being bolted to the said seat bars and the said board resting on the bottom cross rail of the permanent back, and upholstery removably mounted on the permanent back and the seat.

6. In a theater chair as claimed in claim 5, in which the upholstery is secured to the permanent back by a cleat and hook connection and the seat upholstery rests on the seat board and bears at the back against the permanent back.

7. In a theater chair, as claimed-in claim 5, in which the separator units have in ad dition arm bars between the front and back legs, separator frames extending upwardly from the arm bars to the top of the extension of the back legs, and attached upholstery covering the said separator units, the front of said attached upholstery being flush with upholstery on the permanent back.

8. A theater chair comprising in combination a series of separator units having front and back legs, and an upward extenison of the back legs, a permanently attached back having upright side rails, a panel secured thereto, a bottom cross rail, the said side rails being bolted to the upward extension of the said back legs of the separator units, a cap piece secured to the upper end of the panel and a cross rail positioned on the panel between the side rails above the bottom cross rail, upholstery permanently attached to the cap piece, and means to removably secure back upholstery to the panel.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.

HARRY SISKIN.

US79385A 1926-01-05 1926-01-05 Theater chair Expired - Lifetime US1657285A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2493303A (en) * 1945-11-13 1950-01-03 Russell H Mccullough Opera chair
US3027190A (en) * 1958-08-04 1962-03-27 Brunswick Corp Spectator seating
US3041107A (en) * 1960-05-17 1962-06-26 Brunswick Corp Chair back
US3079198A (en) * 1962-04-16 1963-02-26 American Seating Co Box seat partition
US3144272A (en) * 1961-12-04 1964-08-11 Kamlet Lab Baby seat between separate seats
US3288529A (en) * 1965-10-21 1966-11-29 Steelcase Inc Backrest construction for chairs and the like
US3328075A (en) * 1964-05-01 1967-06-27 Don C Albinson Base construction for furniture and utility chair
US3339502A (en) * 1965-11-09 1967-09-05 Sperry Rand Corp Carrell units
US3528096A (en) * 1968-02-28 1970-09-08 Avm Corp Modular furniture
US4691962A (en) * 1984-11-21 1987-09-08 Cambridge Technologies, Inc. Convertible wheelchair/litter
US4795214A (en) * 1984-11-21 1989-01-03 Cambridge Technologies, Inc. Convertible wheelchair/litter
US5431479A (en) * 1990-06-11 1995-07-11 Leib; Roger K. Tandem chair assembly
US5594983A (en) * 1994-03-14 1997-01-21 Norix Group, Inc. Method of forming a chair and grouping thereof
US9049935B2 (en) 2012-09-20 2015-06-09 Steelcase Inc. Control assembly for chair
US20160242547A1 (en) * 2013-10-21 2016-08-25 Ballistic Furniture Systems, Inc. Ballistic barrier furniture and office systems
US9661930B2 (en) 2012-09-21 2017-05-30 Steelcase Inc. Chair construction

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2493303A (en) * 1945-11-13 1950-01-03 Russell H Mccullough Opera chair
US3027190A (en) * 1958-08-04 1962-03-27 Brunswick Corp Spectator seating
US3041107A (en) * 1960-05-17 1962-06-26 Brunswick Corp Chair back
US3144272A (en) * 1961-12-04 1964-08-11 Kamlet Lab Baby seat between separate seats
US3079198A (en) * 1962-04-16 1963-02-26 American Seating Co Box seat partition
US3328075A (en) * 1964-05-01 1967-06-27 Don C Albinson Base construction for furniture and utility chair
US3288529A (en) * 1965-10-21 1966-11-29 Steelcase Inc Backrest construction for chairs and the like
US3339502A (en) * 1965-11-09 1967-09-05 Sperry Rand Corp Carrell units
US3528096A (en) * 1968-02-28 1970-09-08 Avm Corp Modular furniture
US4691962A (en) * 1984-11-21 1987-09-08 Cambridge Technologies, Inc. Convertible wheelchair/litter
US4795214A (en) * 1984-11-21 1989-01-03 Cambridge Technologies, Inc. Convertible wheelchair/litter
US5431479A (en) * 1990-06-11 1995-07-11 Leib; Roger K. Tandem chair assembly
US5594983A (en) * 1994-03-14 1997-01-21 Norix Group, Inc. Method of forming a chair and grouping thereof
US9049935B2 (en) 2012-09-20 2015-06-09 Steelcase Inc. Control assembly for chair
US9526339B2 (en) 2012-09-20 2016-12-27 Steelcase Inc. Control assembly for chair
US9661930B2 (en) 2012-09-21 2017-05-30 Steelcase Inc. Chair construction
US20160242547A1 (en) * 2013-10-21 2016-08-25 Ballistic Furniture Systems, Inc. Ballistic barrier furniture and office systems

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