US1596004A - Hypodermic syringe - Google Patents

Hypodermic syringe Download PDF

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Publication number
US1596004A
US1596004A US629754A US62975423A US1596004A US 1596004 A US1596004 A US 1596004A US 629754 A US629754 A US 629754A US 62975423 A US62975423 A US 62975423A US 1596004 A US1596004 A US 1596004A
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Prior art keywords
needle
syringe
passage
valve
artery
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Expired - Lifetime
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US629754A
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Bengoa Miguel Becerro De
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Bengoa Miguel Becerro De
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Priority to US629754A priority Critical patent/US1596004A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/31Details
    • A61M5/32Needles; Details of needles pertaining to their connection with syringe or hub; Accessories for bringing the needle into, or holding the needle on, the body; Devices for protection of needles
    • A61M5/34Constructions for connecting the needle, e.g. to syringe nozzle or needle hub
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S604/00Surgery
    • Y10S604/90Telltale showing entry of blood into body inserted conduit

Description

Aug. 17,1926. 1,596,)4

M. B. DE BENGOA U HYPODEHMIC SYRINGE Filed April 4. 1923 MIGUEL BECERRO DE BENGOA INVENTOR 4', ATTORNEY.

Patented Aug. 17, 1926.

UNITED STATES MIGUEL BEGERRO DE BENGOA, OF MONTEVIDEO, URUGUAY.

,I-IY'BODERMIC SYRINGE.

My invention relates to improvements in hypodermic syringes for the introduction of medicated solutions into an artery.

It is customary to perform an inoculation. into the blood by means of an. ordinary syringe comprising a small glass tube pro vided with a needle-shaped nozzle at one end, and a reciprocating piston controlled from the opposite end. In the application of this type of instrument considerable difficulty has been encountered by the inability of the one administering the injection to properly determine just how deeply the point of the needle must be inserted beneath the skin to encounter and remain within the passage of the blood vessel. The indication commonly depended on by physicians in determining when the passage in the needle is in communication with the interior of the artery, is by the inflow of blood into the needle towards the head of the fluid in the syringe. This demonstra tion apparently seems conclusive, but there is still no definite indication that the point of the needle has remained within the artery and did not puncture the opposite side of the latter, in which case the point is embedded in a muscle or other adjacent part of the body, and the injection of fluid would not inoculate the blood. Further difficulty occurs where the solutions to be injected are of a dark color and may not be clearly distinguished from the blood as it enters the needle.

With the foregoing in mind it is the purpose of the present invention to provide a syringe of a general .type having means whereby it may readily be determined at any time subsequent to the insertion of the needle beneath the skin whether the passage therein is in communication with the interior of an artery or not. In carying out this purpose the invention contemplates the use of a valve and outlet passage in direct communication with the main passage through the needle whereby blood entering the needle will merely flow outwardly through the valve and outlet passage, as hereinafter more fully described.

The invention is illustratively exemplified in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view through my improved syringe needle, showing the parts more or less diagrammatically, and indicating the valve in open position;

Application filed. April 4, 1923. Serial No. 629,754.

Figures 2 and 4 are transverse sectional views taken on the line 22 of Figure 1 and showing the valve in open and closed positions respectively; and Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the needle applied to the customary type of syringe.

Referring to the drawing, ,10 denotes the tubular body portion of a syringe having a closed discharge end 11 provided with a tapered axial opening 12 communicating with the interior of the body portion 10. In its simplest form the syringe is provided with a reciprocating piston which is drawn up while the opening 12 is immersed in any fluid, whereupon the latter is forced into the body 10 by atmospheric pressure and by pushing back the piston to the bottom of the cylinder the contained fluid is expelled outwardly in the direction of the opening 12. i

In the embodiment of the invention shown in the drawing the nozzle, indicated at 13, is a separate member capable of being inserted into the opening 12 and embraced by the tapered walls to hold its position. The nozzle proper comprises a cylindrical ,member 14 tapered oft at opposite ends and having an axial bore 15 through which a tubular needle 16 projects. The needle is closely embraced by the wall of the bore 15 and at a midpoint thereof is a radially disposed orifice 17 communicating with the interior of the tubular needle 16 and with a radially disposed outlet passage 18 in the wall of the cylindrical member 14. The passage 18 projects to the periphery of the member 14 and is acted upon by a valve member 19, which comprises a rotatably mounted device carried by the portion of the cylindrical member between the tapered end portions, and which is provided with a radially disposed passage 20 adapted to be moved into and out of register with the passage 18.

The purpose of the tapered end portions of the member 14 is to provide means for holding the nozzle 13 in either of its possible axial positions, i. e. when the needle is to be placed in use and when it is reversed and is disposed within the body 10 of the syringe for protection.

The application of the invention is as follows :Subsequently to a charge of fluid having been drawn into the body 10 of the syringe and the nozzle 13 being in operative condition, as indicated in Figure 3,

in. I

the valve 19 is opened and the point of the needle 16 may be thrust beneath the skin in search of a blood vessel. Having encountered an artery the point will puncture the wall of the latter and the blood will rush outwardly through the passage in the needle 16, and following the line of least resistance. will discharge through the orifice 17, passages 1S and 20. The flow thus started will continue so long as the needle-point remains within the artery and the valve 19 remains open, but if the point punctures the opposite side of the wall of the artery the flow will immediately stop, a condition which should indicate that the insertion has been too deep. lVhen the proper depth is determined the valve is simply closed and the piston projected toward the bottom of the syringe whereupon the contained fluid is expelled through the passage in the needle and into the blood vessel.

Having described my invention what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is In a syringe, the combination of a nozzle having an axial discharge passage and a radial outlet passage communicating therewith, said nozzle including a holder having an axial and a radial bore, a needle disposed in said axial bore and provided with an orifice adapted to register with the radial bore, and a valve carried by the holder and provided with a radial passage adapted to be moved into and out of register with the said radial bore, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have aflixed my signature.

MIGUEL BEGERRO on BENGOA.

US629754A 1923-04-04 1923-04-04 Hypodermic syringe Expired - Lifetime US1596004A (en)

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Cited By (67)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2699777A (en) * 1952-05-02 1955-01-18 Voorhorst Johan Injection syringe
US2826196A (en) * 1954-02-15 1958-03-11 Johan Voorhorst Injection syringe and an injection needle for use therewith
US3603310A (en) * 1969-06-30 1971-09-07 Parke Davis & Co Disposable syringe
US4108165A (en) * 1977-06-20 1978-08-22 Krautkramer-Branson, Incorporated Transducer probe for pulse-echo ultrasonic exploration
WO1994024948A1 (en) * 1992-04-23 1994-11-10 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures
US5425718A (en) * 1993-10-22 1995-06-20 Tay; Sew-Wah Self-sticking needle assembly and method for insertion into an artery
US5507744A (en) * 1992-04-23 1996-04-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures
US5810810A (en) * 1992-04-23 1998-09-22 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures
US6063085A (en) * 1992-04-23 2000-05-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures
US6626918B1 (en) 2000-10-06 2003-09-30 Medical Technology Group Apparatus and methods for positioning a vascular sheath
US20040002681A1 (en) * 1999-09-13 2004-01-01 Rex Medical Injection method for locating vessel lumen
US20060265012A1 (en) * 2002-11-26 2006-11-23 Abbott Laboratories Multi-Element Biased Suture Clip
USRE40863E1 (en) * 1992-04-23 2009-07-21 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures
US7806904B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2010-10-05 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure device
US7819895B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2010-10-26 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Vascular sheath with bioabsorbable puncture site closure apparatus and methods of use
US7828817B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2010-11-09 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and methods for delivering a closure device
US7842068B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2010-11-30 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and methods for providing tactile feedback while delivering a closure device
US7841502B2 (en) 2007-12-18 2010-11-30 Abbott Laboratories Modular clip applier
US7850797B2 (en) 2002-12-31 2010-12-14 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Methods for manufacturing a clip and clip
US7850709B2 (en) 2002-06-04 2010-12-14 Abbott Vascular Inc. Blood vessel closure clip and delivery device
US7857828B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2010-12-28 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Clip applier and methods of use
US7867249B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2011-01-11 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Clip applier and methods of use
US7879071B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2011-02-01 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure device and methods for making and using them
US7887563B2 (en) 2001-06-07 2011-02-15 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical staple
US7931669B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2011-04-26 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Integrated vascular device with puncture site closure component and sealant and methods of use
US8048108B2 (en) 2005-08-24 2011-11-01 Abbott Vascular Inc. Vascular closure methods and apparatuses
US8202293B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2012-06-19 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Clip applier and methods of use
US8226681B2 (en) 2007-06-25 2012-07-24 Abbott Laboratories Methods, devices, and apparatus for managing access through tissue
US8303624B2 (en) 2010-03-15 2012-11-06 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Bioabsorbable plug
US8313497B2 (en) 2005-07-01 2012-11-20 Abbott Laboratories Clip applier and methods of use
US8323312B2 (en) 2008-12-22 2012-12-04 Abbott Laboratories Closure device
US8366706B2 (en) 2007-08-15 2013-02-05 Cardiodex, Ltd. Systems and methods for puncture closure
US8372072B2 (en) 2003-02-04 2013-02-12 Cardiodex Ltd. Methods and apparatus for hemostasis following arterial catheterization
US8398676B2 (en) 2008-10-30 2013-03-19 Abbott Vascular Inc. Closure device
US8398656B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2013-03-19 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Clip applier and methods of use
US8435236B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2013-05-07 Cardiodex, Ltd. Techniques for heat-treating varicose veins
US8556930B2 (en) 2006-06-28 2013-10-15 Abbott Laboratories Vessel closure device
US8579932B2 (en) 2002-02-21 2013-11-12 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Sheath apparatus and methods for delivering a closure device
US8590760B2 (en) 2004-05-25 2013-11-26 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical stapler
US8603116B2 (en) 2010-08-04 2013-12-10 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Closure device with long tines
US8617184B2 (en) 2011-02-15 2013-12-31 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Vessel closure system
US8672953B2 (en) 2007-12-17 2014-03-18 Abbott Laboratories Tissue closure system and methods of use
US8690910B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2014-04-08 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure device and methods for making and using them
US8758398B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2014-06-24 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for delivering a closure element
US8758400B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2014-06-24 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure system and methods of use
US8758399B2 (en) 2010-08-02 2014-06-24 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Expandable bioabsorbable plug apparatus and method
US8784447B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2014-07-22 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical stapler
US8808310B2 (en) 2006-04-20 2014-08-19 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Resettable clip applier and reset tools
US8821534B2 (en) 2010-12-06 2014-09-02 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Clip applier having improved hemostasis and methods of use
US8858594B2 (en) 2008-12-22 2014-10-14 Abbott Laboratories Curved closure device
US8893947B2 (en) 2007-12-17 2014-11-25 Abbott Laboratories Clip applier and methods of use
US8905937B2 (en) 2009-02-26 2014-12-09 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Methods and apparatus for locating a surface of a body lumen
US8920442B2 (en) 2005-08-24 2014-12-30 Abbott Vascular Inc. Vascular opening edge eversion methods and apparatuses
US8926633B2 (en) 2005-06-24 2015-01-06 Abbott Laboratories Apparatus and method for delivering a closure element
US9089311B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2015-07-28 Abbott Vascular Inc. Vessel closure devices and methods
US9149276B2 (en) 2011-03-21 2015-10-06 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Clip and deployment apparatus for tissue closure
US9173644B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2015-11-03 Abbott Vascular Inc. Closure devices, systems, and methods
US9282965B2 (en) 2008-05-16 2016-03-15 Abbott Laboratories Apparatus and methods for engaging tissue
US9314230B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2016-04-19 Abbott Vascular Inc. Closure device with rapidly eroding anchor
US9332976B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2016-05-10 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Tissue closure device
US9364209B2 (en) 2012-12-21 2016-06-14 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Articulating suturing device
US9414820B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2016-08-16 Abbott Vascular Inc. Closure devices, systems, and methods
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Cited By (116)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2699777A (en) * 1952-05-02 1955-01-18 Voorhorst Johan Injection syringe
US2826196A (en) * 1954-02-15 1958-03-11 Johan Voorhorst Injection syringe and an injection needle for use therewith
US3603310A (en) * 1969-06-30 1971-09-07 Parke Davis & Co Disposable syringe
US4108165A (en) * 1977-06-20 1978-08-22 Krautkramer-Branson, Incorporated Transducer probe for pulse-echo ultrasonic exploration
WO1994024948A1 (en) * 1992-04-23 1994-11-10 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures
US5507744A (en) * 1992-04-23 1996-04-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures
US5810810A (en) * 1992-04-23 1998-09-22 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures
US6063085A (en) * 1992-04-23 2000-05-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures
USRE40863E1 (en) * 1992-04-23 2009-07-21 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures
US5425718A (en) * 1993-10-22 1995-06-20 Tay; Sew-Wah Self-sticking needle assembly and method for insertion into an artery
US20040002681A1 (en) * 1999-09-13 2004-01-01 Rex Medical Injection method for locating vessel lumen
US6949107B2 (en) 1999-09-13 2005-09-27 Rex Medical, Lp Injection method for locating vessel lumen
US8956388B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2015-02-17 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Integrated vascular device with puncture site closure component and sealant
US7931669B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2011-04-26 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Integrated vascular device with puncture site closure component and sealant and methods of use
US8758400B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2014-06-24 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure system and methods of use
US8758396B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2014-06-24 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Vascular sheath with bioabsorbable puncture site closure apparatus and methods of use
US10111664B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2018-10-30 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure system and methods of use
US7901428B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2011-03-08 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Vascular sheath with bioabsorbable puncture site closure apparatus and methods of use
US7819895B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2010-10-26 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Vascular sheath with bioabsorbable puncture site closure apparatus and methods of use
US7828817B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2010-11-09 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and methods for delivering a closure device
US9579091B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2017-02-28 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure system and methods of use
US9050087B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2015-06-09 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Integrated vascular device with puncture site closure component and sealant and methods of use
US8784447B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2014-07-22 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical stapler
US9402625B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2016-08-02 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical stapler
US9060769B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2015-06-23 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical stapler
US9089674B2 (en) 2000-10-06 2015-07-28 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and methods for positioning a vascular sheath
US20040059375A1 (en) * 2000-10-06 2004-03-25 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and methods for positioning a vascular sheath
US7144411B2 (en) 2000-10-06 2006-12-05 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and methods for positioning a vascular sheath
US6626918B1 (en) 2000-10-06 2003-09-30 Medical Technology Group Apparatus and methods for positioning a vascular sheath
US9585646B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2017-03-07 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure device and methods for making and using them
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US7918873B2 (en) 2001-06-07 2011-04-05 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical staple
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US9498196B2 (en) 2002-02-21 2016-11-22 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Sheath apparatus and methods for delivering a closure device
US8579932B2 (en) 2002-02-21 2013-11-12 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Sheath apparatus and methods for delivering a closure device
US8469995B2 (en) 2002-06-04 2013-06-25 Abbott Vascular Inc. Blood vessel closure clip and delivery device
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US7850709B2 (en) 2002-06-04 2010-12-14 Abbott Vascular Inc. Blood vessel closure clip and delivery device
US20060265012A1 (en) * 2002-11-26 2006-11-23 Abbott Laboratories Multi-Element Biased Suture Clip
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