US1591302A - Automatic expansion valve for refrigerating systems - Google Patents

Automatic expansion valve for refrigerating systems Download PDF

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Publication number
US1591302A
US1591302A US3587825A US1591302A US 1591302 A US1591302 A US 1591302A US 3587825 A US3587825 A US 3587825A US 1591302 A US1591302 A US 1591302A
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Prior art keywords
expansion valve
valve
pressure
diaphragm
condenser
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Expired - Lifetime
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William S Franklin
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William S Franklin
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B41/00Fluid-circulation arrangements, e.g. for transferring liquid from evaporator to boiler
    • F25B41/06Flow restrictors, e.g. capillary tubes; Disposition thereof
    • F25B41/062Expansion valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2341/00Details of ejectors not being used as compression device; Details of flow restrictors or expansion valves
    • F25B2341/06Details of flow restrictors or expansion valves
    • F25B2341/063Feed forward expansion valves

Description

July 6 1926.

W. S. FRANKLIN AUTOMATIC EXPANSION VALVE FOR REFRIGERATING SYSTEMS Filed June 9, 1925" Svwewboz $51 (Mime/1 o 3 4 M/LM Patented July 6, 1926.

WILLI M s. FRANKLIN, or CAMBRIDGE, m ssAcnUsE'rrs.

AUTOMATIC nx'PANsIo'n VALVE ron nErnIeEnArmG SYSTEMS.

Application filed June 9, 1925. Serial No. 35,878.

The invention relates to refrigerating machines operated by the expanslon of sultable working fluid such as anhydrous ammonla and has for its principal object to provide a completely automatic and dependable expansion Valve for controlling the flow of the condensed liquid ammonia or other working fluidQfrom the high pressure condenser coils to the low pressure cooling coils. Further objects and advantages of the invention will be in part obvious and in part particularly pointed out in the description hereinafter contained which, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, discloses a preferred embodiment thereof. Such embodiment. however, is to be considered as merely illustrative of its principles.

In the drawings- Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic View of a refrigerating system adapted to operate in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 2 is a vertical section of the expansion valve which forms one element of such system.

The invention is illustrated as applied to a simple refrigerating system having cooling coils 1 enclosed within a suitable refrigerating chamber 2 and connected by a pipe 3 to a suitable compressor 4* (preferably of the flexible metal diaphragm type) which compressor withdraws the expanded working fluid from the low pressure coils 1 and delivers it at high pressure through pipe 5 to the condenser coils 6 which in the particular form of the invention which is illustrated, are air-cooled. The condensed working fluid passes from coils 6 through a tube 7 to an expansion valve denoted generally by numeral 8 and from said valve through a pipe 9 back to the cooling coils 1 As the refrigerating machine operates, the condensed working fluid collects in the bottom coils of condenser 6 and the temperature at this point falls to approximately air temperature, while the upper coils of condenser 6 are kept at a considerably higher temperature by the condensing working fluid. I make use of this temperaturedifference to operate the expansion valve 8, which valve in the illustrated form ofthe invention is operated by a flexible dia phragm '10 connected tothe valve-member I1 and sensitive to pressure difl'ferences upon its opposite faces so as to open and. close-the "and resting upon a valve. in accordance with pressure conditions affecting the diaphragm.

The pressure on oneside of the diaphragm 10 is determined by the temperature adjacent the bottom of the condenser coils 6, whereby the drop in such temperature caused by condensed ammonia or other working fluid will reduce the pressure on one side of the diaphragm and move the latter to open the valve member 11.

As shown, I place what may be termed a thermometer bulb 12 in, or in good thermal relation to one of the lower coils 6, this bulb containing some liquid ammonia and being connected through a tube 13 to a chamber 14 on one side of diaphragm 10. Thus when liquid ammonia is present in the lower coil 6, the vapor pressure in chamber 1 t will be reduced and diaphragm 10 will use to permit the working fluid-to flow past valve member v1 1to the cooling coils 1. When the condensed ammonia is drawn 0d, the temperature of bulb 12 and the pressure in chamber 14' will rise, causing the diaphragm to move downwardly and close the expansion valve.

In the illustrated form of the invention, the lower side of diaphragm 10 is exposed to a chamber 15 connected to condenser coils 6 through pipe 7 and is therefore subjected to the vapor pressure in the condenser coils.

In Fig. 2 I have illustrated more in detail one specific construction of expansion valve which may be employed. As shown, the diaphragm member 10 consists of two leaves of thin sheet steel 10 welded at their peripheries to upper and lower metallic cupshaped members 16 and 17, which latter form walls for the chambers 14 and 15 respectively.

The lower side of the diaphragm'lO is suitably connected to the expansion valve plunger lower side of a block 19, and secured to the diaphragm, which clip encloses a T-shaped head 20 on the valve plunger.

Although the force exerted upon the diaphragm'10 by thepressure diflerenees above described may be relied upon to close the expansion valve, valve as well toward closed position by some device such as the weight 21 enclosed within a, cylindrical extension 22 of chamber 1; block 23 secured to the I prefer to influence the 11 as by providing a clip 18 on the upper side of the diaphragm 10. .The distance through which the Weight 21 may move upwardly upon the opening of the valve may be regulated as by providing a suitable screw 24 in the upper end wall 25 of chamber 14.

Aftertheparts have been assembled all joints are preferably welded .to insure against leakage, and clamping plates 26 and 27 may also be provided to overlie the cup -members 16 and 17, such clamping plates being drawn together by suitable bolts 28.

While a specific embodiment of the invention has been disclosed it will be obvious that many changes may be made therein without departing from its principles as set forth in thefollowing claims:

1. In a refrigerating system, an expansion valve interposed between the condenser and cooling coils, an actuating member for said valve, and a device sensitive to temperature changes in a lower condenser coil for,

controlling the position of said actuating member.

2. In a refrigerating system, an expansion valve interposed between the condenser and cooling coils, a chamber containing expansible fluid, means for varying the pressure of such fluid according to the temperature in a lower condenser coil, and an actuating member for said valve responsive to pressure changes in said fluid.

3. In arefrigerating system, an expansion valve interposed between the condenser and cooling coils, a chamber containing-e20 pansible fluid, means for varying the pressure of such fluid, according to the temperature in a lower condenser coil and a flexible diaphragm exposed to the pressure of said fluid and connected to said valve to actuate the same.

' 4. In a refrigerating system, an expansion valve interposed between the condenser and cooling coils, a chamber containing expansible fluid, means forva'rying. the pressure of such fluid according to the temperature in a lower condenser coil, a second chamber subjected to the vapor pressure in the condenser coils and a flexible diaphragm interposed between said chambers for actuating sion valve interposed between the condenser and cooling coils, a chamber containing expansible fluid, means for ,varying the pressure of such fluid according to the temperature in a lower condenser coil, a flexible diaphragm exposed to the pressure of said fluid and connected'to said valve to actuate the same. and a weight for urging said valve toward closed position.

In testimony that I claim have hereunto set myhand this 29th day of May, 1925.

WILLIAM FRANKLIN.

the foregoing, I

US1591302A 1925-06-09 1925-06-09 Automatic expansion valve for refrigerating systems Expired - Lifetime US1591302A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2540550A (en) * 1946-02-02 1951-02-06 Carrier Corp Art of refrigeration
US2614393A (en) * 1946-02-02 1952-10-21 Carrier Corp Art of refrigeration
US3398738A (en) * 1964-09-24 1968-08-27 Aerojet General Co Refrigerated surgical probe
WO1993006423A1 (en) * 1991-09-16 1993-04-01 Sinvent A/S Method of high-side pressure regulation in transcritical vapor compression cycle device
US5245836A (en) * 1989-01-09 1993-09-21 Sinvent As Method and device for high side pressure regulation in transcritical vapor compression cycle
US20050044864A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2005-03-03 Manole Dan M. Apparatus for the storage and controlled delivery of fluids
US20050132729A1 (en) * 2003-12-23 2005-06-23 Manole Dan M. Transcritical vapor compression system and method of operating including refrigerant storage tank and non-variable expansion device
US6923011B2 (en) 2003-09-02 2005-08-02 Tecumseh Products Company Multi-stage vapor compression system with intermediate pressure vessel

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2540550A (en) * 1946-02-02 1951-02-06 Carrier Corp Art of refrigeration
US2614393A (en) * 1946-02-02 1952-10-21 Carrier Corp Art of refrigeration
US3398738A (en) * 1964-09-24 1968-08-27 Aerojet General Co Refrigerated surgical probe
US5245836A (en) * 1989-01-09 1993-09-21 Sinvent As Method and device for high side pressure regulation in transcritical vapor compression cycle
WO1993006423A1 (en) * 1991-09-16 1993-04-01 Sinvent A/S Method of high-side pressure regulation in transcritical vapor compression cycle device
US20050044864A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2005-03-03 Manole Dan M. Apparatus for the storage and controlled delivery of fluids
US6923011B2 (en) 2003-09-02 2005-08-02 Tecumseh Products Company Multi-stage vapor compression system with intermediate pressure vessel
US6959557B2 (en) 2003-09-02 2005-11-01 Tecumseh Products Company Apparatus for the storage and controlled delivery of fluids
US20050132729A1 (en) * 2003-12-23 2005-06-23 Manole Dan M. Transcritical vapor compression system and method of operating including refrigerant storage tank and non-variable expansion device
US7096679B2 (en) 2003-12-23 2006-08-29 Tecumseh Products Company Transcritical vapor compression system and method of operating including refrigerant storage tank and non-variable expansion device

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